Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866

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Jared Sparks (1789-1866) was the President of Harvard University from February 1, 1849 to February 10, 1853. He was also a Unitarian minister, editor, and historian.

Jared Sparks was born to Joseph Sparks and Elinor (Orcut) Sparks on May 10, 1789 in Willington, Connecticut. Sparks was one of nine children and came from a family of modest means. When he turned six years old, Sparks went to live with an aunt and uncle in Camden, New York, to help relieve the family of a mouth to feed. Although Sparks was a bright and intelligent young boy, there was little time for schooling with his relatives and in 1805 he returned to his parents.

Sparks displayed an interest in literary and historical pursuits in grammar school, becoming known as the "genius." Interested in astronomy, in 1807, Sparks observed a comet with a homemade cross-staff. At 18 he worked as a journeyman carpenter and school teacher. His study of mathematics and Latin began at the age of 20. With the aid of a local pastor, Sparks obtained a scholarship to the Phillips Exeter Academy. At Exeter, Sparks wrote articles on education and astronomy for the local newspaper. In 1811, Sparks was admitted to Harvard University. He dropped out of college in 1812 for financial reasons and tutored a family in Havre de Grace, Maryland, where he witnessed a British naval bombardment during the War of 1812. Sparks later published an account of this event in the North American Review. Returning to Harvard University, Sparks (A.B. 1815) became a leader in his class. He won the Bowdoin prize with an essay on Isaac Newton, joined the Phi Beta Kappa, and delivered a commencement part at graduation. From 1817 to 1819, while studying at the Harvard Divinity School, Sparks served as a tutor of geometry, astronomy, and natural history.

After leaving Harvard University, Sparks became a minister at the First Independent Church (Unitarian) in Baltimore, Maryland, and for one year was the chaplain of the United States Congress. He was a popular preacher and was invited to speak throughout the southern United States. Nevertheless, Sparks, whose feelings for the ministry were at best lukewarm, resigned his position in April 1823. He returned to Cambridge, Massachusetts, and embarked on a new career as the owner and editor of the North American Review.

Returning to Boston in 1823, Sparks literary career blossomed over the next decade. Under Sparks's leadership, the North American Review became the leading literary journal in the United States, comparing favorably with its French and English counterparts. Its articles were noted for their high quality and range, both geographical and intellectual.

Sparks's literary talents began to be recognized with the publication of The Life of John Ledyard (1828). In 1827, Sparks began what was to become his greatest effort, the publication of the writings of George Washington. Assembling material for this work, Sparks started searching for primary source material at Washington's home at Mount Vernon, Virginia, and also at other public and private archives around the country. Moreover, he interviewed and questioned survivors of the American Revolution and visited and mapped historic Revolutionary War sites. The first of twelve volumes of The Writings of George Washington appeared in 1834 and the last in 1837.

Sparks became a pioneer in the collecting of manuscript material and argued in an important groundbreaking essay in the North American Review that before the history of the United States could be written, the historical manuscripts and archives of the nation had to be assembled and made more accessible. Over the next several years Sparks wrote and published several multivolume works including, The Life of Governeur Morris (1832), The Works of Benjamin Franklin (1836-1840), and The Library of American Biography (1834-1838). To gather materials for The Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution (1829-1830), Sparks became the first American historian to travel to Europe and investigate foreign primary source documents.

Sparks was instrumental in the systematic collection and saving of historical documents from the Revolutionary War era. His efforts were a boon to students and historians for the next fifty years. He also judged his audience correctly, for Sparks's books sold well and turned a handsome profit.

Despite Sparks's efforts he was not free from criticism. His critics noted that he edited original documents freely, corrected spellings and capitalization, and undertook to improve his subject's English grammar. Holding an American Romantic historian viewpoint, Sparks was inclined to portray his subjects without blemish and in a favorable light. Therefore, in order to avoid offense and embarrassment, Sparks freely edited the letters of historical figures before publication. It should be noted, however, that Sparks was following the common practice of the historians of his day and that the American public had no desire to see their heroes revealed or exposed in a negative fashion.

In 1838, Sparks returned to Harvard University as the McLean Professor of Ancient and Modern History. His first course on American history began in March 1839. Teaching until 1849, Sparks was an innovator in the classroom. He abandoned the method of recitation based on set textbooks for advanced classes and instructed his students with lectures, assigned readings and essays.

On February 1, 1849, Sparks was elected President of Harvard University. Although Sparks's election was welcomed by both the student body and Harvard community, he was unhappy as president, and his administration was short-lived. Tired of petty disciplinary duties and clerical responsibilities, Sparks resigned his position on February 10, 1853 to continue pursuing his literary interests.

In his short administration, Sparks was able to arrange and reclassify the early records of Harvard University. Ironically, Sparks himself is indirectly responsible for the existence of this very document describing his papers.

Sparks spent his last years in Cambridge, Massachusetts living quietly and advising students and young historians. He continued to collect manuscript material and published the Correspondence of the American Revolution, Being Letters of Eminent Men to George Washington in 1853. In 1857, Sparks traveled to Europe visiting various museums, historical sites, and archives. Sparks died of pneumonia on March 14, 1866.

Although Sparks's writings cannot be regarded as definitive because of his editorial methods, he was nevertheless, a pioneer in documentary editing. Moreover, he was instrumental in introducing the American public to a new conception of their history and providing a host of future writers and historians access to documents that, without his efforts, would have been lost.

Jared Sparks married Frances Anne Allen on October 16, 1832. They had one daughter, Maria Verplanck (1833). Frances died on July 12, 1835. A few years later, on May 21, 1839, Sparks re-married to Mary Crowninshield Silsbee, an heiress twenty years his junior. They had five children, Mary Crowninshield, Florence, William Eliot, Lizzie Wadsworth, and Beatrice.

Adams, Herbert B. The Life and Writings of Jared Sparks, Comprising Selections From His Journals and Correspondence. Boston:Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1893. Bassett, John Spencer.Jared Sparks. In The Middle Group of American Historians.New York: The Macmillan Company, 1917. Kraus, Michael.Patriots, Romantics-and Hildreth. In The Writing of American History.Norman, Oklahoma:University of Oklahoma Press, 1953. Morison, Samuel Eliot.Jared Sparks. In Dictionary of American Biography, Vol. XVII, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1933. Morison, Samuel Eliot.Three Centuries of Harvard, 1636-1936.Cambridge,Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1936.

From the guide to the Papers of Jared Sparks, 1820-1861, 1866., (Harvard University Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letter to Charles C. Welford [manuscript], 1831 May 30. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Letters to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1761-1904 (inclusive) 1820-1888 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Washington, George Corbin, 1789-1854. Letter, 1834 December 23, George Town, to Daniel Webster, [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letter : to Mr. Owen, 1863 Dec. 19. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Cheney family. Cheney family letters, 1778-1933 Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 1809-1894. Papers of Oliver Wendell Holmes, 1838-1890 (inclusive). Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letters, 1843 Oct. 27-1848 Feb. 12, to Samuel K. Lothrop New Hampshire Newsp Project
referencedIn J.P. Lesley Papers, 1826-1898 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Woolsey family. Woolsey family papers, 1750-1976 (inclusive), 1811-1921 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. Joseph Story papers, 1794-1851. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Autograph letter signed (2) : Cambridge, Mass., to Professor Henry Reed of Philadelphia, 1837 May 30 and 1840 Apr. 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1787?-1944, c.1984 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Delaware language collection, 1779-1806 and undated. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Hall, Edward B. (Edward Brooks), 1800-1866. Autograph collection, 1822-1890. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Papers, 1663-1844 (inclusive), 1781-1844 (bulk). Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Correspondence, 1827-1885. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866,. Dutch papers relating to the American Revolution, obtained from the Public Archives at the Hague, 1777-1783. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Literary Manuscripts collection, 1666-1990 Free Library of Philadelphia: Rare Book Department
referencedIn Wheaton, Henry, 1781-1848. Letters, 1835 December 25-1842 June 17, Berlin, to George Ticknor, Dresden and [Boston]. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Jared Sparks Letter, 1828 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Cochran, John,. Papers of Joseph E. Johnston and George Frederick Holmes [manuscript], 1821-1885. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf A. D. Bache Collection, 1833-1873 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Kingsley family. Kingsley memorial collection, 1696-1934 (inclusive), 1801-1896 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letter, 1841, May 29, Cambridge [Mass.], to Thomas Aspinwell, London. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Parkman family papers, 1793-1896. Houghton Library.
referencedIn William Warland Clapp correspondence, 1790-1891 (inclusive), 1840-1891 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IId, 1837-1844 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866,. Jared Sparks collection of documents concerning the American Revolution, 1740-1866. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Charles Sumner correspondence, 1829-1874. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Letters to various correspondents, 1835-1860. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Bancroft, George, 1800-1891. Papers, 1816-1890. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Adams, James Truslow, 1878-1949. Barrett assorted authors collection [manuscript] 1814-1947. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letter : Cambridge, Mass., to J.M. Hayes, [New York], 1849 Oct. 23. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Amy Hemenway collection of autographs, 1791-1873. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Whipple, John Adams, 1822-1891,. [Group portrait of The Club] [graphic]. Boston Athenaeum
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letter : Cambridge, Mass., to Nathaniel Niles, Turin, Italy, 1848 Dec. 1. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letter : Cambridge, Mass., to Joseph B. Felt, 1850 Apr. 1. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Nelson, William, 1847-1914. Papers, 1690-1875. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866,. Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts, 1582-1843. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Papers, 1782-1907 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Benjamin Vaughan Papers, 1746-1900 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Caleb Cushing Papers, circa 1785-1906, (bulk 1820-1878) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Phillips, Willard, 1784-1873. Papers, 1769-1875. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Smith family. Papers, 1781-1907. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Autograph letter signed : Boston, to Noah Webster, 1827 Oct. 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Raumer, Friedrich von, 1781-1873. Letters, 1844 November 1-1856 Sept. 4, Berlin, to George Ticknor, Boston and Dresden. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Tazewell, Littleton Waller, 1774-1860. Letters of Littleton Waller Tazewell [manuscript], 1795-1836. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Thomas Wentworth Higginson additional papers, 1779-1910. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Mathematical theses, 1782-1839. Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn Smith, Buckingham, 1810-1871. Papers of Buckingham Smith, 1702-1857. Library of Congress
referencedIn Autograph File, S, 1556-1996. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Nitzsche, George Erazmus, 1874-1961. George E. Nitzsche Unitariana collection, 1778-2007. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Tudor, William, 1779-1830. Letters received, 1824-1828. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Joseph Story papers, Story, Joseph papers, 1794-1851 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIc, 1826-1836 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Daniel Webster Papers, 1800-1900, (bulk 1824-1852) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Gookin, Daniel, 1612-1687. An historical account of the doings and sufferings of the Christian Indians in N. England in the years 1675, 1676, 1677 / impartially drawn by one well acquainted with that affair and presented unto the Right Honorable the Corporation residing in London, appointed by the Kings most excellent Majesty for promoting the gospel among the Indians in America. Newberry Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letter to Francis Lieber : Cambridge, Mass. : ALS, 1852 May 15. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Evarts family. Evarts family papers, 1753-1960 (inclusive), 1798-1901 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866,. Letters of Washington, Franklin, and Lafayette, 1744-1830 (bulk 1777-1779). Cornell University Library
creatorOf Selected papers, [ca. 1819-1863], relating to Benjamin Franklin, Circa 1819-1963 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. Washingtoniana collection, 1602-1932. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Lieber, Francis, 1800-1872. Francis Lieber papers, 1780-1873. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts [microform] 1582-1843. Maryland Historical Society Library
referencedIn Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Papers, 1835-1864. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Washington, George, 1732-1799. George Washington papers, 1694-1932. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Jared Sparks letter, 1855 April 18 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Foote Family. Papers, 1739-1972. Connecticut Historical Society
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letters, 1839-1852. Boston Public Library, Central Library in Copley Square
referencedIn Park Benjamin Papers, 1645-1925. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Jared Sparks collection of documents concerning the American Revolution, 1740-1866 . Houghton Library.
referencedIn Gookin, Daniel, 1612-1687. An Historical account of the doings and sufferings of the Christian Indians in New England, 1677. Gadsden Public Library
referencedIn Henry Onderdonk papers, 1729-1895 Brooklyn Historical Society
referencedIn Correspondence, 1800-1932. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Autograph File, S, 1556-1996. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. [Letter] 1826 Jan. 26 : Boston [to] Joseph Story / Jared Sparks. Boston Athenaeum
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letters, 1825 January 22-1860 February 1, Cambridge, to George Ticknor, Philadelphia and Boston. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Silliman family. Silliman family papers, 1717-1977 (inclusive), 1717-1911 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Stanhope, Philip Henry Stanhope, Earl, 1805-1875. Letters, 1850 August 26-1864 July 25, v.p., to George Ticknor, Boston. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts, 1582-1843. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letter : to Mr. Owen, 1863 Dec. 19. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letter and list, 18. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letter : Cambridge, Mass., to Joseph B. Felt, 1850 Apr. 1. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Lewis Gannett papers, 1681-1966 (inclusive) 1900-1960 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Hale family. Papers, 1720-1950. Library of Congress
referencedIn Controversy with Mr. Sparks, 1852. University of Missouri-Kansas City, Miller Nichols Library; Health Sciences Library; Dental Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letter, 1826 March 14, Boston, to Daniel Webster, Washington. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Charles Henry Brainard papers, 1795-1884 and undated. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Two autograph collections, 185?, 1888. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Ticknor, George, 1791-1871. Letter, 1843 February 9, Boston, to My dear sir [i.e. D. Webster, n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Dreer, Ferdinand Julius, 1812-1902,. Literary and scientific autographs and manuscripts, 1703-1900. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Papers, 1806-1902. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. [Autograph signature] / Jared Sparks. Smith College, Neilson Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to the Rev. John Pierpont, 1827 Nov. 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Ware family. Papers, 1821-1891. Library of Congress
referencedIn Benjamin, Park, 1809-1864. Benjamin Park papers, 1645-1925. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Jared Sparks collection of the correspondence of Sir Joseph Yorke, 1776-1780. Library of Congress
referencedIn Vaughan, Benjamin, 1751-1835. Papers, 1746-1900. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866,. Jared Sparks portrait collection, [ca. 1600-1850]. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Correspondence of the American Revolution, 1853. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, R-Z, and unidentified. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Burritt, Elihu, 1810-1879,. Autograph collection of Davis R. Marshall, 1801-1868. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letter, 1843 February 8, Cambridge [Mass.], to Daniel Webster [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Belknap, Jeremy, 1744-1798. Papers II, 1788-1808. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Washingtoniana collection, 1602-1932 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Papers, 1768-1872. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington Miscellany, Volume XI, Miscellany, 1755-1835. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Bowditch, Nathaniel, 1773-1838. Nathaniel Bowditch letter : to Jared Sparks, 1824 Jan. 3. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Sullivan family. Sullivan family papers, 1811-1873. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Autograph letters signed (3) : Cambridge, to Henry Wheaton, 1835 Sept. 2-1846 Mar. 28. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts, 1582-1843. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Palfrey family papers, 1713-1915. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Miscellany, ca. 1680-1900. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Jared Sparks Letter, ., 18 April 1855 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Briggs, George Nixon, 1796-1861. Governor Briggs' address at the inauguration of Jared Sparks, 1849. Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Gibbes, Lewis Reeves, 1810-1894. Lewis Reeves Gibbes papers, 1793-1894 (bulk 1838-1894). Library of Congress
referencedIn Silliman family. Silliman family papers, 1717-1977 (inclusive), 1717-1911 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letter, 1850 March 8, Cambridge, Mass., to Lydia Sigourney. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Dorothea Lynde Dix papers, 1798-1893 (inclusive), 1827-1887 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Additional papers, 1802-1865. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Autograph letter signed Jared Sparks to: "Dear Sumner" November 18, 1843. Wellesley College
creatorOf Burritt, Elihu, 1810-1879,. Autograph collection of Davis R. Marshall [manuscript], 1801-1868. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Clay, Henry, 1777-1852. Henry Clay letters, 1826-1833. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Bowen, Francis, 1811-1890. Letter, 1843 March 27, Boston, to Daniel Webster, Washington. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letters to Rev. William Henry Furness, 1838-1849. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Papers, 1682-1722 and undated. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Cushing, Caleb, 1800-1879. Caleb Cushing papers, circa 1785-1906 (bulk 1820-1878). Library of Congress
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creatorOf William L. Clements Library. Lewis Cass papers, 1774-1924. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Howe family. Papers of the Julia Ward Howe family, 1787-1984 (inclusive), 1787-1944 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Kingsley memorial collection, 1696-1934 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn George Frisbie Hoar autograph collection, 1598-1945. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Autograph letter signed : Cambridge, Mass., to Rev. Dr. [Andrew Preston] Peabody, 1865 Aug. 22. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Henry Howland Crapo Papers, 1830-1920 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
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creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letter signed : Cambridge, to Harper & Brothers, 1855 May 22. Pierpont Morgan Library.
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creatorOf Boston Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. Papers III, 1829-1839. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Sandburg, Carl, 1878-1967. Autograph file, S, 1556-1989. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Harvard College (1780- ). Class of 1864. Photographs, [1864]. Maine Historical Society Library
creatorOf Jared Sparks selected papers, 1819-1863 Franklin Bache S. D. Bradford William Duane Peter S. Du Ponceau J. Francis Fisher George Gibbs Henry D. Gilpin Edward D. Ingraham James Mease William B. Reed Henry Stevens, Sr. Henry Stevens, Jr. Benjamin Vaughan Petty Vaughan William Vaughan There are also extracts from Sparks's journal, 1831-1841, relating to his Franklin researches. Table of contents (11 pp.). (Film 570), 1819-1863 American Philosophical Society
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referencedIn Castle-Bache Collection, 1683-1922 American Philosophical Society
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creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Autograph letter signed : Cambridge, to Charles W. Bradley, 1846 Mar. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
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creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Jared Sparks papers, 1776-1865. Library of Congress
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creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Papers of Jared Sparks, 1820-1861, 1866. Harvard University, Archives
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creatorOf Everett, Edward, 1794-1865,. Delaware language collection, ca. 1779-1806 and undated. Harvard University, Houghton Library
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creatorOf Folsom, Charles, 1794-1872. Papers, 1732-1871, bulk: 1816-1871. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Boston Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. Papers II, 1830-1843. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke additional correspondence, 1787-1886. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Appleton, Nathan, 1843-1906. Scrapbooks, 1845-1895, bulk: 1859-1895. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Levett, Christopher, 1586-1630. A voyage into New England, begun in 1623, and ended in 1624, [18--]. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Members of "The Club" [photograph album], ca. 1855-1862. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Sprague, William B., (William Buell), 1795-1876. Collection of speeches and sermons, 1799-1857. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Brodhead, John Romeyn, 1814-1873. Papers, 1839-1865. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Samuel Ward papers, 1647-1912 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Autograph letter signed : Cambridge, Mass., to Virgil David, n.p., 1837 May 8. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Guizot, M. (François), 1787-1874. Letters, 1837 November 13-1842 October 14, Paris, to George Ticknor, [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Shattuck, Lemuel, 1793-1859. Papers of Lemuel Shattuck, 1637-1850, (1825-1850) Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Parker, Joel, 1795-1875. Papers, 1685-1939. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Autograph album, 1877-1893. Houghton Library.
referencedIn John Vaughan papers, 1768 - Circa 1936, 1768 - Circa 1936 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Brodhead family. Brodhead family papers, 1807-1881 (bulk 1830-1860). New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Duane Family Collection, 1764-1933 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Vol. IV (ff. 369). S-Z. Presented by the Geological Society of London.includes:ff. 1-26 General Sir Edward Sabine, RA; KCB; PRS: Letters to Sir R. I. Murchison: 1845-1862, n.d. f. 30 Nikolai Aleksandrovich Sablukov, Russian General: Letter to Sir R. ... British Library
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creatorOf Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834. Arthur H. and Mary Marden Dean Lafayette Collection, 1520-1849. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Knyphausen, Wilhelm, Baron von. LS : to George Washington, 1781 Nov. 20. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Papers of Jared Sparks, 1820-1861, 1866. Harvard University Archives.
creatorOf Boston Chess Club. Speeches at banquet for Paul Morphy, 31 May 1859. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Aaron, Samuel, 1800-1865. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1664-1956. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Brainard, Charles Henry, 1817-1885. Charles Henry Brainard papers, 1795-1884 and undated. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Autograph letter signed : Cambridge, to Messrs. Monroe & Co., 1852 June 16. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letters of Jared Sparks [manuscript], 1830-1856. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letters to various correspondents, 1835-1860. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Hall, Hiland, 1795-1885. Hiland Hall papers, 1786-1885 (bulk 1832-1881). Bennington Museum, Incorporated
referencedIn Letters of Washington, Franklin, and Lafayette, 1744-1830 [bulk 1777-1799] Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Harvard University Archives Photograph Collection: Portraits, oversize, ca. 1829-1985 Harvard University Archives.
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Autograph letter signed : Cambridge, to I.K. Tefft, 1843 Apr. 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Tazewell family. Papers, 1790-1848. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Woolsey family. Woolsey family papers, 1750-1950 (inclusive), 1811-1921 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Transylvania University. Board of Trustees. Holley collections, 1797-1890 (bulk 1818-1832). Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky State Archives
referencedIn Woolsey family papers, 1750-1969, 1811-1921 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Evarts family papers, 1753-1960, 1798-1901 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letter : Cambridge, Mass., to H.M. Hayes, [New York], 1849 Oct. 23. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Quynn, William. Papers, 1750-1844. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn White, William, 1748-1836. William White papers, 1784-1873. Archives of the Episcopal Diocese of Maryland
creatorOf Drake, Elias Franklin, 1813-1892. Elias Franklin Drake and family papers, 1814-1917. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Palfrey family papers, 1713-1915. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Prescott, William Hickling, 1796-1859. William Hickling Prescott papers, 1655-1959 ; bulk: 1775-1859. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Harvard College Class of 1864 photographs, ca. 1864. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874,. Charles Sumner autograph album including letters to Sumner, ca. 1810-1887. Harvard University, Houghton Library
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creatorOf Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letter, 1829 September 28 : Boston, to Joseph Hill Clark, London. New Orleans Public Library
referencedIn Crowell-Sparks controversy, 1892? [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Letters to Charles Eliot Norton and other papers, 1702-1952. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911,. Thomas Wentworth Higginson carte-de-visite album, 1862-1866. Cambridge Historical Society
referencedIn Lewis Cass papers, Cass, Lewis, papers, 1774-1924 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
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