Scammell, Alexander, 1747-1781

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Revolutionary soldier, adjutant general of the Continental Army 1778-1781. Captured by the British at Yorktown and died sixteen days later.

From the description of ALS : Northern Camp, to Dr. Samuel Scammell, Mendon, Mass., 1777 Sept. 21. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122617088

Alexander Scammell (1747-1781), son of a prominent doctor, grew up in Mendon, Massachusetts, and graduated from Harvard in 1769. He studied law in the office of John Sullivan in Durham, New Hampshire, and as the Revolutionary War began he became a major in Sullivan's Brigade of the New Hampshire Militia. In October 1776, Scammell became Brigadier Major in Charles Lee's Division, and in November of that year he was promoted to Colonel of the 3rd New Hampshire Regiment. He was present at the evacuation of Ticonderoga, and led his regiment in the two battles of Saratoga. He became Washington's Aide de Camp and served as adjutant general from January 5, 1778, to January 1, 1781, and then resigned that post to take command of the 1st New Hampshire Regiment. In the Yorktown Campaign, he led 400 light infantry but was badly wounded, possibly after having been taken prisoner, and he died from his injuries in October 1881 after being released and brought behind the American lines.

From the description of Alexander Scammell orderly book, 1780. (New Jersey Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 53073064

Army officer, 1774-1781.

From the description of Letter to Major Israel Keith, 1778 March 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122487039

Teacher, surveyor, and Continental Army officer.

From the description of Correspondence and engrave portrait of Alexander Scammell, 1781-1824. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980408

Continental army officer.

Born in Massachusetts and educated at Harvard, Scammell moved to New Hampshire in 1772, where he studied law with John Sullivan and participated in the patriot movement. A major of the N.H. Brigade, Scammell in 1776 accepted command of the 3rd N.H. Continentals, serving until 1778 when Washington appointed him army adjutant general. In 1780 Scammell resigned to head the 1st N.H. Regiment. He was mortally wounded at Yorktown.

From the description of Letter : Ti[conderoga, N.Y.], to Ebenezer Thompson, Exeter or Durham, [N.H.], 1777 June 27. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 40442932

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Autograph File, S, 1556-1996. Houghton Library
creatorOf Scammell, Alexander, 1747-1781. Correspondence and engrave portrait of Alexander Scammell, 1781-1824. Library of Congress
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. Ru 26: Office Of The Secretary, Incoming Corres..
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library
referencedIn Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts, 1582-1843. Houghton Library
referencedIn Cropper, John, 1755-1821. Papers of John Cropper, 1778-1814. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Parsons, Edward, d. 1776. Edward Parsons' collections of the practice of the American army [New York, Ticonderoga, and elsewhere] Jan. 1776-Dec. 1779 [and later?] Society of the Cincinnati Library
referencedIn Nathanael Greene Papers, 1777-1780 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Scammell, Alexander, 1747-1781. Papers. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Scammell, Alexander, 1747-1781. Alexander Scammell orderly book, 1780. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Scammell, Alexander, 1747-1781. Letter to Major Israel Keith, 1778 March 2. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Siege of York and Gloucester, Virginia, 1781 September 15 to October 17. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library
creatorOf Scammell, Alexander, 1747-1781. Letter, 1779 August 8, Headquarters Moore House [West Point to] Lt. Colonel Badlam. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn McLane, Allan, 1746-1829. Papers, 1775-1821. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Scammell, Alexander, 1747-1781. ALS : Northern Camp, to Dr. Samuel Scammell, Mendon, Mass., 1777 Sept. 21. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Sullivan, John, 1740-1795. Papers, 1769-1792. New Hampshire Historical Society Library
creatorOf Clay, Green, 1757-1826. Green Clay letters received, 1808-1813 [microform]. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn United States. Continental Army. New Hampshire Regiment, 3rd. Orderly book of the 3rd New Hampshire regiment, 1781, Jan. 13 - Feb. 4, Valley Forge, Pa. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Papers, 1768-1877. Houghton Library
creatorOf Scammell, Alexander, 1747-1781. Letter, 1778 Dec. 30, Camp Middle Brook [to] Dr. Sam L. Scammell. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf Ely, Edwin A., 1836-1927,. Autograph collection, ca. 1663-1890. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Scammell, Alexander, 1747-1781. Letter : Ti[conderoga, N.Y.], to Ebenezer Thompson, Exeter or Durham, [N.H.], 1777 June 27. Newberry Library
referencedIn Siege of York and Gloucester, Virginia, 1781 September 15 to October 17 John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation
creatorOf Keith, Israel, 1750-1819. Papers, 1767-1803. New York State Library
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume V, Miscellany, 1764-1792. Cornell University Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Badlam, Lt. Colonel, fl. 1779. person
associatedWith Burgoyne, John, 1722-1792. person
associatedWith Clay, Green, 1757-1826. person
associatedWith Cropper, John, 1755-1821. person
correspondedWith Davis, John Brazer, 1798-1832 person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Ely, Edwin A., 1836-1927, person
correspondedWith Goodwin, W. F. person
associatedWith Greene, Nathanael, 1742-1786 person
associatedWith Heath, William, 1737-1814. person
associatedWith Keith, Israel, 1750-1819. person
associatedWith McLane, Allan, 1746-1829. person
associatedWith Newberry Library. corporateBody
correspondedWith Scammell, John person
associatedWith Scammell, Sam L., fl. 1778. person
correspondedWith Scammell, Samuel person
associatedWith Scammell, Samuel, Dr., person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
correspondedWith Stewart, Charles, 1729-1800 person
correspondedWith Sullivan, John, 1740-1795. person
correspondedWith Thompson, Ebenezer, 1737-1802 person
associatedWith United States. Continental Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Continental Army. New Hampshire Regiment, 3rd. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Continental Army. New Hampshire Regiment, 3rd (1776-1781) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
United States
United States
Ticonderoga (N.Y.)
New Jersey
Fort Ticonderoga (N.Y.)
New York (State)
Springfield (Union County, N.J.)
Ramapo (N.J.)
Connecticut Farms (N.J.)
New York (State)--Fort Ticonderoga
Whippany (N.J.)
West Point (N.Y.)
Morristown (N.J.)
United States
Short Hills (N.J.)
United States
Preakness (N.J.)
Subject
Manuscripts, American
Physicians
Apprentices
Military offenses
Military history
Saratoga Campaign, N.Y., 1777
Indians of North America--Wars--History--18th century--Sources
Teachers--Attitudes
Military courts
Military supplies
Occupation
Educators
Soldiers--New Jersey
Surveyors
Army officers
Soldiers
Function

Person

Birth 1747

Death 1781-10-01

Information

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