Stickney, Benjamin Franklin, 1775-1852

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Resident of New Hampshire, Fort Wayne, Ind., and Toledo, Ohio, and postmaster and agent for Indian affairs Northwest of the Ohio River, Port Lawrence, Michigan Territory.

From the description of Papers, 1788-1830. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 18124344

Benjamin Franklin Stickney (1775-1857), was a native of New Hampshire, was at different times a resident of Fort Wayne, Indiana, and Toledo, Ohio. He served as Postmaster in Cincinnati, Ohio, before going on to Fort Wayne to become Agent for Indian Affairs in the Indiana Territory. In that capacity, he advocated a policy in which relocation and appeasement would be used to remove the Native Americans from problem areas. By 1821 he was the prominent figure in the Swan Creek Settlement, and argued for that community's position as part of Michigan, rather than Ohio, prefiguring the Toledo War. Later, he was active in civic affairs in the emerging city of Toledo.

From the guide to the Benjamin Franklin Stickney Papers, 1788-1892, (Western Reserve Historical Society)

In 1794, General Anthony Wayne established Fort Wayne at the junction of the St. Marys and St. Joseph rivers in Indiana Territory. The soldiers at the fort came into frequent contact with several Native American bands, such as the Miami, Eel River Miami, Delaware, Shawnee, Muncie, Wyandot, and Potawatomi. In 1802, the fort established an Indian agency and factory, in order to secure the Indians' loyalty and to weaken their ties to the British in Canada. The agents furnished the tribes with agricultural tools, domestic animals, money, and other supplies. They also held councils, issued trading licenses, and acted as intermediaries between the Indians and the United States government. Between 1802 and 1815, John Johnston and Benjamin Franklin Stickney were the Indian agents at Fort Wayne.

John Johnston (1775-1861) was born in Ballyshannon, Ireland, was raised in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, and, as a young man, worked as a clerk in Philadelphia. After the Revolutionary War, he served with General Anthony Wayne in his campaign against the Ohio Indians, from 1792-1793. He married Rachel Robison in 1802 and soon after was appointed Indian factor at Fort Wayne, Indiana Territory. After the dismissal of William Wells in 1809, Johnston took over his post as Indian agent. He became a paymaster and a quartermaster during the War of 1812, and served as an Indian agent in Piqua, Ohio, from 1811-1831.

Benjamin Franklin Stickney (1775-1857) was born in Pembroke, New Hampshire. He served Pembroke as justice of the peace and postmaster general from 1805 to 1811, when he was assigned to scout the British forces in Canada by Secretary of War William Eustis. In March 1812, shortly before war broke out, the military assigned him to be Indian agent for Fort Wayne, Indiana Territory. He helped defend Fort Wayne, and he traveled with the military in Indiana and Ohio throughout the war. In 1820, he moved to Fort Miami in the Maumee Valley, and served as subagent for the Ottawa and Wyandot Indians. He mastered several Native American languages and authored dictionaries for many of them. He invested in land in northern Ohio, and played an integral role in the border dispute between Michigan and Ohio over the newly founded city of Toledo.

From the guide to the Fort Wayne Indian Agency collection, 1802-1815, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Benjamin Franklin Stickney Papers, 1788-1892 Western Reserve Historical Society
creatorOf Johnston, John, 1775-1861. Fort Wayne Indian Agency collection, 1802-1815. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Batiste, Edouard, 1820-1876. Pilgrim's song of hope [microform] : (Communion in G) / Ed Batiste ; arranged for band, imitation of church organ, by Benjamin T. Stickney. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
creatorOf Stickney, Benjamin T. G.A.R. triumphal [microform] / composed by Benj. T. Stickney. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
creatorOf Pratt, Ilma M. Whisper, true heart [microform] / by Ilma M. Pratt ; arranged for band by Benj. T. Stickney. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
referencedIn Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts, 1582-1843. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Stickney, Benjamin Franklin, 1775-1857. Papers, 1788-1830. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn War of 1812 mss., 1776-1879 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
creatorOf Vance, Joseph, 1786-1852. Papers 1808-1838. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Fort Wayne Indian Agency collection, 1802-1815 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts, 1582-1843. Houghton Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Armstrong, John, 1758-1843 person
associatedWith Attwater, Reuben, 1768-1831 person
associatedWith Batiste, Edouard, 1820-1876. person
associatedWith Bloomfield, Joseph, 1753-1823 person
associatedWith Bond, Lewis. person
associatedWith Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866 person
associatedWith Clinton, DeWitt, 1769-1828 person
associatedWith Comstock, J. L. (John Lee), 1789-1858. person
associatedWith Crawford, William Harris, 1772-1834 person
associatedWith Dearborn, Henry, 1751-1829 person
associatedWith Eustis, William, 1753-1825 person
associatedWith Hamilton, Paul. person
associatedWith Harrison, William Henry, 1773-1841. person
associatedWith Hart, Henry. person
associatedWith Heald, Nathan, 1775-1832 person
associatedWith Hull, William, 1753-1825 person
associatedWith Indiana. Governor (1801-1812 : Harrison) corporateBody
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1732-1807 person
associatedWith Johnston, John, 1775-1861. person
associatedWith Lear, Tobias, 1762-1816 person
associatedWith Little Turtle, 1747? -1812 person
associatedWith Mason, John, 1766-1849 person
associatedWith Meigs, Return Jonathan, 1764-1825 person
associatedWith Miami Exporting Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Mitchill, Samuel L. (Samuel Latham), 1764-1831. person
associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831 person
associatedWith Pratt, Ilma M. person
associatedWith Shane, Anthony. person
associatedWith Society of Friends corporateBody
associatedWith Sousa Archives for Band Research. corporateBody
associatedWith Sousa Preservation Project. corporateBody
associatedWith Spafford, Amos. person
correspondedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Stark, Caleb, 1804-1864. person
associatedWith Stickney, Two. person
associatedWith United States. War Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. War Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Vance, Joseph, 1786-1852. person
associatedWith Wells, William, 1770-1812 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Greenville (Ohio)
Piqua (Miami County, Ohio)
White River Watershed (Ind.)
Northwest, Old
Baltimore (Md.)
Upper Sandusky (Ohio)
Fort Wayne (Ind.)
Detroit (Mich.)
Ojibwa language--Dictionaries
Indians of North America
Indians of North America--Northwest, Old
Indians of North America--Indiana
Delaware Indians--Government relations
Stickney, Benjamin Franklin, 1775-1857
Shawnee Indians--Treaties
Ottawa language
Band music--Parts
Miami Indians
Indians of North America--Michigan
Ottawa Indians
Winnebago Indians
Kickapoo Indians
Munsee Indians
Eel River Band of Miami Indians
Indian agents--Northwest, Old
Potawatomi Indians
Marches (Band)--Parts
Shawnee Indians
Indian traders
Indian agents
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians of North America--Alcohol use


Birth 1775-04-01

Death 1852-01-07



Ark ID: w64t6hd6

SNAC ID: 7713496