Conway, Henry Seymour, 1721-1795

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Henry Seymour Conway (1719-1795) was an army general and politician. He fought in the War of the Austrian Succession; served in Ireland during the Jacobite Rebellion, and in Germany during the Seven Years' War. He was successively promoted to major general in 1756 and to lieutenant general in 1759. Sitting in the House of Commons from 1741 to 1774 and from 1775 to 1784, Conway became a leading member of the opposition, opposing the King's action against John Wilkes regarding general warrants in 1763. In 1765, he became secretary of state for the southern department in Lord Rockingham's ministry, where he promoted a policy of reconciliation towards the American colonies. He supported the repeal of the Stamp Act in 1766, and opposed the taxation policies of Chancellor of the Exchequer Charles Townshend. He criticized British prosecution of the war with the American colonies and played an important part in the House of Commons' resolution against continuing the war. In 1747, he married Caroline Bruce, countess of Ailesbury (1721-1803), and had one child, Anne (1749-1828) Seymour Damer. His aunt Catherine was the wife of Sir Robert Walpole, and Conway maintained a lifelong friendship and correspondence with his cousin Horace Walpole.

From the description of Letter books of military correspondence, 1761 Apr 23-1764 Sept 19. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702184646

Henry Seymour Conway (1719-1795), army general and politician; served during the War of the Austrian Succession; in Ireland during the Jacobite Rebellion, and in Germany during the Seven Years' War. In the House of Commons from 1741 to 1774 and from 1775 to 1784, Conway became a leading member of the opposition; in 1765, served as secretary of state in Lord Rockingham's ministry, where he promoted a policy of reconciliation towards the American colonies. In 1747, he married Caroline Bruce, countess of Ailesbury (1721-1803), and had one child, Anne Seymour Damer (1749-1828). Conway maintained a lifelong friendship and correspondence with his cousin Horace Walpole.

From the description of Diplomatic correspondence, 17. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702184855

Henry Seymour Conway, British army officer and politician.

From the description of Henry Seymour Conway manuscript material : 1 item, 1767 (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 123359658

From the guide to the Henry Seymour Conway manuscript material : 1 item, 1767, (The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.)

English soldier and statesman.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Little Warwick Street [London], to Sir George Yonge, 1790 Mar. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270523117

British Field-Marshal.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : to the Duke of Portland, 1783 July 27. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270528657

Henry Seymour Conway (1719-1795) was an army general and politician. He fought in the War of the Austrian Succession; served in Ireland during the Jacobite Rebellion, and in Germany during the Seven Years' War. He was successively promoted to major general in 1756 and to lieutenant general in 1759. Sitting in the House of Commons from 1741 to 1774 and from 1775 to 1784, Conway became a leading member of the opposition, opposing the King's action against John Wilkes regarding general warrants in 1763. In 1765, he became secretary of state for the southern department in Lord Rockingham's ministry, where he promoted a policy of reconciliation towards the American colonies. He supported the repeal of the Stamp Act in 1766, and opposed the taxation policies of Chancellor of the Exchequer Charles Townshend. He criticized British prosecution of the war with the American colonies and played an important part in the House of Commons' resolution against continuing the war. In 1747, he married Caroline Bruce, countess of Ailesbury (1721-1803), and had one child, Anne Seymour Damer (1749-1828). His aunt Catherine was the wife of Sir Robert Walpole, and Conway maintained a lifelong friendship and correspondence with his cousin Horace Walpole.

Francis Seymour-Conway, first marquess of Hertford (1718-1794) and older brother of Henry Seymour Conway, was a courtier and politician. He became a lord of the bedchamber in 1757 and was sworn to the privy council in 1763. He served as ambassador to France 1763-5, lord lieutenant of Ireland 1765-6, lord chamberlain 1766-1782 and again in 1783. He was also lord lieutenant of Warwickshire from 1757 until his death. From 1766-1782, he was a friend and confidant to George III. Hertford supported Lord North's administration and the war in America, in which three of his sons served, and voted against Shelburne's peace preliminaries in February 1783. He was also influential in Irish politics, owning extensive estates in County Antrim, and serving a term as lord lieutenant in 1765-6.

From the description of Letters to Francis Seymour-Conway, 1743-1784. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702184712

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Papers of David Scott, 1774 and 20th century Bodleian Library, University of Oxford
creatorOf Henry Seymour Conway manuscript material : 1 item, 1767 The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.
referencedIn Boswell's Life of Johnson : including Boswell's Journal of a tour to the Hebrides and Johnson's Diary of a journey into North Wales, edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1464-1897 (inclusive), 1724-1874 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Miscellaneous documents on American history, 1681-1921, 1681-1921 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Conway, Henry Seymour, 1721-1795. Autograph letter signed : to the Duke of Portland, 1783 July 27. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984. Autograph collection, 1446-2001. Princeton University Library
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney papers, 1665-1828. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney papers, Sydney, Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount papers, 1665-1828, 1780-1788 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Walpole, Horace, 1717-1797. Letter : [Twickenham], to Thomas Pitt, 1764 June 5. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
creatorOf Conway, Henry Seymour, 1721-1795. False appearances [microform]. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Conway, Henry Seymour, 1721-1795. Letters to Francis Seymour-Conway, 1743-1784. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
creatorOf Dowdeswell, William, 1721-1775. William Dowdeswell papers, 1765-1774. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876, 1700-1800 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Walpole, Horace, 1717-1797. Journal of the most remarkable events of the reign of King George the third, from the beginning of the year 1769, being a supplement to the memoires of Mr. Horace Walpole, carried on by himself, 1771. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
creatorOf Conway, Henry Seymour, 1721-1795. Diplomatic correspondence, 17. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876, 1700-1800 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn William Dowdeswell papers, Dowdeswell, William papers, 1765-1774 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787. Thomas Gage papers, 1754-1807, bulk 1759-1775. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Walpole, Horace, 1717-1797. Newspaper clippings, circa 1764-1789. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
creatorOf Conway, Henry Seymour, 1721-1795. Autograph letter signed : Park Place [London], to Sir George Yonge, 1787 Sept. 16. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Charles Townshend papers, Townshend, Charles papers, 1660-1804, 1748-1767 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Conway, Henry Seymour, 1721-1795. Autograph letter signed : to (William?) Eden, 1781 Mar. 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Conway, Henry Seymour, 1721-1795. Autograph letter signed : Little Warwick Street [London], to Sir George Yonge, 1790 Mar. 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts, 1582-1843. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Conway, Henry Seymour, 1721-1795. Letter books of military correspondence, 1761 Apr 23-1764 Sept 19. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
creatorOf Conway, Henry Seymour, 1721-1795. Autograph signature to a bill of disbursements : St. James's, 1766 Feb. 25. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Conway, Henry Seymour, 1721-1795. Autograph letter signed : Park Place, 1780 Aug. 31. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Conway, Henry Seymour, 1721-1795. Henry Seymour Conway manuscript material : 1 item, 1767 New York Public Library System, NYPL
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Boissy, M. de (Louis), 1694-1758. person
associatedWith Boswell, James, 1740-1795 person
associatedWith Burke, William, 1730-1798. person
associatedWith Catherine II, Empress of Russia, 1729-1796. person
associatedWith Cavendish, Frederick, Lord, 1729-1803. person
associatedWith Cockburn, James, Sir, 1723-1801. person
associatedWith Cressener, George, 1700-1781. person
associatedWith Czartoryski family. person
associatedWith Dawes, Elizabeth F., collector. person
associatedWith De Cosne, Ruvigny. person
associatedWith Dover, Joseph Yorke, Baron, 1724-1792. person
associatedWith Dowdeswell, William, 1721-1775. person
associatedWith Eden, William, person
associatedWith Emmet, Thomas Addis person
associatedWith Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, 1721-1792. person
associatedWith Frederick V, King of Denmark, 1723-1766. person
associatedWith Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787. person
associatedWith George III, King of Great Britain, 1738-1820. person
associatedWith Grafton, Augustus Henry Fitzroy, Duke of, 1735-1811. person
associatedWith Granby, John Manners, Marquis of, 1721-1770. person
associatedWith Great Britain. Army corporateBody
associatedWith Great Britain. Parliament. corporateBody
associatedWith Grenville, George, 1712-1770. person
associatedWith Gunning, Robert, Sir, 1731-1816. person
associatedWith Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery. corporateBody
associatedWith Hertford, Francis Seymour-Conway, Marquess of, 1718-1794. person
associatedWith Ireland. Parliament. corporateBody
associatedWith James, Prince of Wales, 1688-1766. person
associatedWith Lyttelton, William Henry, 1724-1808. person
associatedWith Macartney, George Macartney, Earl, 1737-1806. person
associatedWith Mitchell, Andrew, Sir, 1708-1771. person
associatedWith Panin, Nikita Ivanovich, graf, 1718-1783. person
associatedWith Repnin, Nikolaĭ Vasilʹevich, kni︠a︡zʹ, 1734-1801. person
associatedWith Richmond and Lennox, Charles Lennox, Duke of, 1735-1806. person
associatedWith Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, 1712-1778. person
correspondedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Titley, Walter, 1700-1768. person
associatedWith Townshend, Charles, 1725-1767 person
associatedWith Townshend, George Townshend, Marquis, 1724-1807. person
associatedWith Walpole, Horace, 1717-1797. person
associatedWith Wilkes, John, 1725-1797. person
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Wroughton, Thomas, Sir. person
associatedWith Yonge, George, Sir, 1731-1812, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Great Britain
United States
Great Britain
Ireland
Canada
United States
Europe
Europe--Politics and government
Great Britain
Subject
Seven Years' War, 1756-1763
Military administration
Diplomatic and consular service
Politicians--Great Britain--18th century--Correspondence
Indians of North America
Military camps
Colonies and colonization, British
Military discipline--Early works to 1800
Stamp act, 1765
Courts and courtiers--Early works to 1800
Occupation
Ambassadors
Diplomats--Great Britain
Function

Person

Birth 1721

Death 1795-07-09

Male

Information

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