Hazard, Ebenezer, 1744-1817

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U.S. postmaster general, public official, and publisher.

From the description of Papers of Ebenezer Hazard, 1788-1814. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450833

American collector of historical records and Postmaster-General.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : New York, to Noah Webster, 1788 Jan. 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270470811

Postmaster and editor of historical records.

From the description of American chronology, manuscript : [between 1807 and 1817] / by Hazard. (New York University, Group Batchload). WorldCat record id: 58757304

U.S. postmaster general, antiquarian, and businessman.

From the description of Ebenezer Hazard collection, 1492-1832. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80067106

Ebenezer Hazard was an editor and postmaster-general of the United States from 1782 to 1789.

From the description of Papers, 1767-1813. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122440331

Hazard, a native of Philadelphia, was an editor of historical recordsand an early U.S. Postmaster General.

From the description of Journal, 1777-1778. (Winterthur Library). WorldCat record id: 122397863

Noted collector and editor of American historical records.

From the description of Papers, 1801. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 41571190

Postmaster-general of the United States, 1782-1789.

From the description of ALS : New York, N.Y., to Thomas Bradford, 1785 Aug. 3. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 86138971

Ebenezer Hazard (1744-1817) was born in Philadelphia and got his start in New York as a publisher. He was the first Deputy Postmaster of New York City and in 1782 was named the Postmaster General and remained in this position until 1789. Hazard married Abigail Arthur in 1783 and fathered at least four children in this marriage.

From the guide to the Ebenezer Hazard letter to Jedidiah Morse, New York, December 12, 1789, (University of Kansas Kenneth Spencer Research Library Department of Special Collections)

Born in Ireland, Mathew Carey spent most of his professional career in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania where he worked as a printer, publisher, and economist.

From the guide to the Mathew Carey letterbooks, 1788-1794, 1788-1794, (American Philosophical Society)

Ebenezer Hazard (1744-1817, APS 1781) was a publisher, businessman, an editor of historical documents and Postmaster-General of the United States. His two-volume work Historical Collections: Consisting of State Papers and Other Authentic Documents: Intended As Materials for An History of the United States of America (Philadelphia, 1792-1794) was the first published collection of American state papers and historical documents. As an excellent Greek scholar, Hazard assisted Charles Thomson, Secretary of the Continental Congress, in completing his translation of the New Testament for the Thomson Bible.

Hazard was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of a merchant named Samuel Hazard and his wife Catherine Clarkson. He was educated at the Academy of Samuel Finley in Nottingham, PA, and at the College of New Jersey (later Princeton, University), where he graduated in 1762.

Several years after college Hazard became a partner in the publishing firm of Noel & Hazard of New York from 1769 to 1775, and later joined the firm of Benedict & Hazard. On May 1, 1775 he was authorized by the Committee of Safety of New York to reorganize the local post office, and on October 5 was commissioned postmaster of the city of New York by the Continental Congress. The following year in late 1776 he was appointed surveyor-general of the Post Office of the United States. On January 28, 1782 he succeeded Richard Bache as Postmaster-General. He administered the Post Office with great efficiency and economy, and is one of the few postmasters to have made the post office pay its way. After the reorganization of the federal government under the Constitution, Hazard was replaced by Samuel Osgood. After quitting the federal government, he moved from Philadelphia to New York and back again in an effort to make a living. In Philadelphia Hazard served as the first secretary of the Insurance Company of North America and for many years as manager of the Schuylkill Bridge Company and the Delaware & Schuylkill Canal Company. All were moderately successful ventures.

However, Hazard’s greatest passion was intellectual and historical. His duties as surveyor-general of the post office (1777-1782) entailed extensive travel, and he took advantage of the opportunity to collect the documentary evidence and source-materials of early American history. In response to his petition to the Continental Congress on July 11, 1778, he was given permission to copy documents in the Continental archives, as well as a grant of one thousand dollars for expenses. He collected most of these materials before 1782, when he became Postmaster-General. The first two volumes entitled Historical Collections were published in Philadelphia from 1792-1794. Although subsequent volumes were planned, the first two sold so poorly that the project had to be abandoned. He also worked as a Greek translator of the New Testament for another project, the Thomson Bible published in 1808, which proved no more profitable.

Hazard was greatly concerned about the welfare of native Americans, and published a paper in 1816 entitled “Remarks on Mr. Schermerhorn’s Report Concerning the Western Indians” (Massachusetts Historical Society Collections, 2nd series, vol. IV).

On September 11, 1783 Hazard wed Abigail Arthur of Shrewsbury, N.J.. They had one son, Samuel Hazard, who carried on his father’s legacy of preserving historical documents. An archaeologist, Samuel Hazard published several multivolume historical registers and references, including the Register of Pennsylvania (16 vols., 1828-1836), the Annals of Pennsylvania, 1609-1682 (Philadelphia, 1850) and Pennsylvania Archives, 1682-1790 (12 vols., 1853). Ebenezer Hazard died on June 13, 1817.

From the guide to the Ebenezer Hazard papers, 1766-1813, 1766-1813, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Hazard, Samuel, 1714-1758. Letterbook, 1749-1758. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Hazard, Ebenezer, 1744-1817. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1768. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Bradford Family. Bradford family papers, 1620-1906 (bulk 1770-1800). Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn George Washington Papers, 1592-1943, (bulk 1748-1799) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
creatorOf Breese family. Breese and Morse family papers, 1772-1846. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Hazard, Ebenezer, 1744-1817. Ebenezer Hazard collection, 1492-1832. Library of Congress
referencedIn Washington, George, 1732-1799. George Washington papers, 1592-1937 (bulk 1748-1799). Library of Congress
referencedIn Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts, 1582-1843. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Hazard, Ebenezer, 1744-1817. Papers, 1801. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Ebenezer Hazard letter to Jedidiah Morse, New York, December 12, 1789 University of Kansas Kenneth Spencer Research Library Department of Special Collections
creatorOf Hazard, Ebenezer, 1744-1817. ALS : New York, N.Y., to Thomas Bradford, 1785 Aug. 3. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Hazard, Ebenezer, 1744-1817. American chronology, manuscript : [between 1807 and 1817] / by Hazard. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts, 1582-1843. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIe, 1845-1865 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Benjamin Franklin Papers Part 1 -- Letters to Franklin, 1730-1776 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Hazard, Ebenezer, 1744-1817. Autograph letter signed : New York, to Noah Webster, 1788 Jan. 11. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Ebenezer Hazard papers, 1766-1813, 1766-1813 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Benjamin Rush correspondence, 1759-1813, 1759-1813 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Belknap, Jeremy, 1744-1798. Jeremy Belknap papers, 1637-1891, bulk: 1758-1799. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIb, 1807-1825 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Hazard, Ebenezer, 1744-1817. Journal, 1777-1778. Winterthur Library
referencedIn Carey, Mathew, 1760-1839. Letterbooks, 1788-1794. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Morse, Jedidiah, 1761-1826. Papers, 1783-1826. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Belknap, Jeremy, 1744-1798. Papers II, 1788-1808. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Chambers, Gordon. Collection, 1792-1823. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIa, 1743-1806 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Boyd, Julian P. (Julian Parks), 1903-1980. Albemarle County Historical Society address and Jefferson facsimile, 1941. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Washington, George, 1732-1799. George Washington papers, 1592-1943 (bulk 1748-1799). Library of Congress
creatorOf Hazard, Ebenezer, 1744-1817. Letter, 1774 January 28, New York, New York to Benjamin Trumbull. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Hazard family. Papers, 1770-1818. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Hazard, Ebenezer, 1744-1817. Papers, 1767-1813. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Miller, Samuel, 1769-1850. Papers, 1790-1814. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Massachusetts. Office of the Secretary of State. Transcripts of New Plymouth Colony records, 1620-1691. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Mathew Carey letterbooks, 1788-1794, 1788-1794 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Hazard, Ebenezer, 1744-1817. Papers of Ebenezer Hazard, 1788-1814. Library of Congress
referencedIn Hazard, Samuel, 1714-1758. Letterbook : Philadelphia, Pa., 1749-1758. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Ebenezer Hazard letters, Hazard, Ebenezer letters, 1785-1794 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Breese, Samuel, 1737-1800. Ebenezer Hazard letters, 1785-1794. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith American Academy of Arts and Sciences corporateBody
associatedWith American Philosophical Society corporateBody
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. Membership. corporateBody
associatedWith Bache, Richard, 1737-1811. person
associatedWith Baldwin & Kelsey. corporateBody
associatedWith Belknap, Jeremy, 1744-1798. person
associatedWith Bleecker, Anthony Lispenard ? person
associatedWith Boyd, Julian P. (Julian Parks), 1903-1980. person
associatedWith Bradford Family. family
associatedWith Bradford, Thomas, 1745-1838, person
associatedWith Breese family. family
associatedWith Breese, Samuel. person
associatedWith Breese, Samuel, 1737-1800. person
associatedWith Carey, Mathew, 1760-1839. person
associatedWith Carroll, John person
associatedWith Chambers, Gordon. person
associatedWith Clinton, George, 1739-1812. person
associatedWith Democratic Party (Pa.) corporateBody
associatedWith Dwight, Timothy, 1752-1817 person
associatedWith Falckner, Daniel, ca. 1666-1741. person
associatedWith Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. person
associatedWith Gaine, Hugh, 1726 or 7-1807. person
associatedWith Goddard, William, 1740-1817 person
associatedWith Great Britain. corporateBody
associatedWith Hancock, John, 1737-1793. person
associatedWith Hazard family. family
correspondedWith Hazard, Samuel, 1714-1758. person
associatedWith Hazard, Samuel, 1784-1870. person
associatedWith Huntington, Samuel, 1731-1796. person
associatedWith Insurance company of North America person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith Keese, John corporateBody
associatedWith Livingston, Walter, 1740-1797 person
associatedWith Massachusetts. Office of the Secretary of State. corporateBody
associatedWith Matlack, Timothy, 1736-1829. person
associatedWith McKean, Thomas, 1734-1817. person
associatedWith McKesson, John, 1734-1798 person
associatedWith Meigs, Return Jonathan, 1740-1823 person
associatedWith Miller, Samuel, 1769-1850. person
associatedWith Morse, Jedidiah, 1761-1826. person
associatedWith New-York Historical Society corporateBody
associatedWith New York. Independant Company of Free Citizens person
associatedWith Pastorius, Francis Daniel, 1651-1719. person
associatedWith Pepperrell, William, Sir, 1696-1759. person
associatedWith Philadelphia Dispensary. corporateBody
associatedWith Presbyterian church in the U. S. General assembly person
associatedWith Richmond and Lennox, Charles Lennox, Duke of, 1735-1806. person
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
associatedWith Shirley, William, 1694-1771. person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Sproat, James, 1722-1793 person
associatedWith Thomas, Isaiah, 1749-1831 person
associatedWith Trumbull, Benjamin, 1735-1820. person
associatedWith United Colonies of New England. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Military Academy. corporateBody
correspondedWith Washington, George, 1732-1799. person
associatedWith Webster, Noah, 1758-1843, person
associatedWith Willard, Joseph, 1738-1804 person
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Agriculture
Voyages and travels
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Printing industry--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
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Birth 1744

Death 1817

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