Bonaparte, Charles Lucian, 1803-1857

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Charles Lucian Bonaparte was a naturalist and ornithologist.

From the description of Correspondence, 1824-1855, from American scientists. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 173465723

From the description of Letters, 1825-1857. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122316342

From the guide to the Correspondence, 1824-1855, from American scientists, 1824-1855, (American Philosophical Society)

Scientist; author of American Ornithology and other works on natural history.

From the description of Charles Lucian Bonaparte letters : Paris, 1856-1857. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82496863

From the description of Charles Lucian Bonaparte letters : Paris, 1856-1857. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702148262

Ornithologist; b. Charles Lucien Jules Laurent Bonaparte, prince of Canino and Musignano.

From the description of Letter, 1825 Dec. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70944747

Naturalist; nephew of Napoleon I.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Rome, to Mr. Prince, agent of John Gould, 1841 Feb. 27. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270527372

French naturalist and ornithologist.

From the description of Letter, 1825 Dec. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70975347

Bonaparte, Charles Lucien, Prince of Canino (1803-1857, APS, 1824). Charles Lucien Bonaparte, French naturalist and ornithologist, was a nephew of the Emperor Napoleon, the son of the Emperor’s younger brother Lucien.

Charles Lucien Bonaparte, was raised in Italy and shared his father Lucien’s republican political values. He received an extensive scientific education in Italian universities. In 1822 at the age of nineteen he married his cousin Zenaida-Charlotte-Julie, daughter of Joseph, king of Naples and Spain, and brought her to live in the United States for six years. The couple had twelve children.

Before the age of twenty he discovered a warbler, then unknown to science. And would make his greatest contributions to zoology, even though he had begun his scientific career with several essays in botany. While in the United States Bonaparte published numerous ornithological notes in the Journal of the Philadelphia Academy of Sciences. He continued Alexander Wilson’s work on birds, updating the latter’s American Ornithology. He also sponsored the then unknown John James Audobon for membership in the Academy of Natural Science in 1824, although Audobon was not elected.

Returning to Europe in 1828 at the age of 25, Bonaparte settled in Italy and began a period of major political activity. He advocated for the organization of scientific congresses that also provided an opportunity for meetings of independents and reformers. After the accession of the initially liberal Pope Pius IX in 1846, Bonaparte became a member of the Pope’s party, but proceeded to move in a more radical direction, affiliating with the radicals and joining the Supreme Junta that seized power in the Roman states during the Revolutions of 1848. After the flight of Pope Pius in November 1848, Charles Lucien became deputy for Viterbo in the Assemblée Nationale Romaine; he was eventually elected Vice-President of the Assemblée. He also served on a commission to draft a constitution for the Roman Republic. When his cousin Louis Napoleon sent French troops to restore the Pope, Bonaparte participated in the defense of Rome with the Republican army. After its defeat and the fall of the Roman Republic, he fled with his family back to France, first to Marseilles and then Orléans, where he was arrested and released. Louis Napoleon ordered him out of the county and he set sail from Le Havre for England.

While in England, Bonaparte attended the 1849 meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in Birmingham, then visited the Scottish ornithologist Sir William Jardine. During his sojourn in England Bonaparte started work on a classification of every bird in the world, visiting museums across Europe to study their collections. The following year, 1851, he was allowed to return to France, where he and his family settled in Paris. At this point he gave up politics and concentrated exclusively on his scientific endeavors.

Bonaparte became interested in the principles of biological classification as early as 1831. In his early work he departed from the concepts of Georges Cuvier, of whom he was quite critical. He classified Insectivora before the Rodentia and separated the Chiroptera from the Primates. He made use of location, structure and the relationships of the branchiae in his classification of fish. Also, in developing classifications, he considered physiological data and morphology. Consequently, he raised the Batrachia to a subclass, then united the saurians and ophidians (Reptilia). He devoted the final years of his life to establishing a definitive classification of zoological groups, publishing synopses, conspectuses, and catalogs of the fauna of France. To this end, he not only encouraged fellow zoologists to study local fauna, but in 1857 conceived a general work in collaboration with Victor Meunier on the fauna of France entitled Histoire naturelle generale et particuliere des animaux qui vivent en France. Bonaparte’s death later that year prevented the realization of the project.

Charles Lucien Bonaparte was deeply interested in the French Muséum d’histoire naturelle and hoped to see the addition of a special gallery for native fauna. He bequeathed his library, containing works on the natural sciences, meterology, history and politics, as well as his extensive correspondence, to the Muséum.

From the guide to the Charles Lucien Jules Laurent Bonaparte letters, 1825-1857, 1825-1857, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Audubon, John James, 1785-1851. Robert B. Haines III collection, 1793-1834. Haverford College Library
creatorOf Bonaparte, Charles Lucian, 1803-1857. Correspondence, 1824-1855, from American scientists. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Wellcome Historical Medical Society. Selected letters, 1731-1871, relating to American medicine. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Album materials, 1777-1925 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Letters of scientists, 1655-1973. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Autograph File, B, ca.1500-1976. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
creatorOf Bonaparte, Charles Lucian, 1803-1857. Letters, 1825-1857. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Ord, George, 1781-1866. Letters, 1832-1864, to Charles Waterton. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Bonaparte, Charles Lucian, 1803-1857. Autograph letter signed : Rome, to Mr. Prince, agent of John Gould, 1841 Feb. 27. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIe, 1845-1865 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Isaac and I. Minis Hays papers, Circa 1820-1925 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Audubon, John James, 1785-1851. Morris Tyler family collection of John James Audubon, 1697-1982 (bulk 1820-1855). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Isabella II, Queen of Spain, 1830-1904. Autograph letter signed : Paris, to Cardinal Lucien Bonaparte, 1869 Dec. 31. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Correspondence, 1824-1855, from American scientists, 1824-1855 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Bonaparte, Charles Lucian, 1803-1857. Letter, 1825 Dec. 5. Camden County Historical Society
referencedIn Thomas Say papers, 1819-1883, 1955, 1819-1883 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Gray, John Edward, 1800-1875. Papers, 1783-1884. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Audubon, John James, 1780-1851. Papers [microform], 1824. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Autograph File, B, ca.1500-1976. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
creatorOf Carey, Lea & Blanchard. Correspondence, 1823-1849. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn B. A. G. Fuller autograph collection, 1620-1920. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Wellcome Historical Medical Society selected letters, 1731-1871, relating to American medicine, 1731-1871 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Owen, Richard, 1804-1892. Papers, 1827-1889. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Museum of Comparative Zoology collection of historical manuscripts, 1736-1908 (inclusive), 1810-1870 (bulk). Harvard University, Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology
creatorOf Audubon, John James, 1785-1851. Autograph letter signed : New York, Charles Bonaparte, 1833 May 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Thomas Campbell Eyton correspondence, 1836-1874, 1836-1874 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Bonaparte, Charles Lucian, 1803-1857. Brochures ornithologiques. The Field Museum Library, The Field Museum of Natural History
referencedIn Hays, Isaac, 1796-1879. Papers, ca. 1820s-1879. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn John Edward Gray papers, 1783-1884, 1783-1884 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn George Ord Collection, 1831-1864 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Bonaparte, Charles Lucian, 1803-1857. Charles Lucian Bonaparte letters : Paris, 1856-1857. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn John Edward Gray papers, 1783-1884, 1783-1884 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Lee, Charles Carter, 1798-1871. Papers of Charles Carter Lee and the Lee family [manuscript], 1768-1931 (bulk 1780-1871). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Morris Tyler family collection of John James Audubon, 1697-1982, 1820-1855 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Mailliard Family papers, 1785-1927 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn John Vaughan papers, 1768 - Circa 1936, 1768 - Circa 1936 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Bonaparte, Charles Lucian, 1803-1857. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1827. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Cobb, Nicholas, fl. 1844-1861. Miscellaneous papers of the Hutter family, 1685-1859. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IId, 1837-1844 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Bonaparte, Charles Lucian, 1803-1857. Charles Lucian Bonaparte letters : Paris, 1856-1857. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Mailliard family. Mailliard family papers, 1785-1927 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Charles Lucien Jules Laurent Bonaparte letters, 1825-1857, 1825-1857 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Peale, Titian Ramsay, 1799-1885. Journal of Titian Ramsay Peale [manuscript] 1824 November-1825 April. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Bonaparte, Charles Lucian, 1803-1851. Letter, 1825 Dec. 5. Camden County Historical Society
referencedIn Louis Agassiz correspondence and other papers, 1821-1877. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Cobb, Nicholas, fl.1844-1861. Miscellaneous papers of the Hutter family [manuscript], 1685-1859. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Alfonso XII, King of Spain, 1857-1885. Autograph signature to letter : Madrid, to Cardinal Lucien Bonaparte, 1879 Jan. 30. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Portrait file: Guide. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Richard Owen papers, 1827-1889, 1827-1889 American Philosophical Society
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
correspondedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Alfonso XII, King of Spain, 1857-1885. person
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Audubon, John James, 1785-1851. person
associatedWith Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887. person
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 person
associatedWith Capalti, Alessandro, 1810-1868. person
associatedWith Carey, Lea & Blanchard. corporateBody
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Cooper, William, 1798?-1864. person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
associatedWith De Kay, James E. (James Ellsworth), 1792-1851. person
associatedWith Du Bus de Gisignies, Bernard, vicomte, 1808-1874, person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Eyton, Thomas Campbell, 1809-1880 person
associatedWith Fitch, John person
associatedWith Fuller, B. A. G. (Benjamin Apthorp Gould), 1879-1956 person
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
associatedWith Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Isidore, 1805-1861. person
associatedWith Gould, John, 1804-1881. person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Gray, George Robert, 1808-1872. person
associatedWith Gray, John Edward, 1800-1875. person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Haines, Reuben, 1786-1831. person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
associatedWith Hare, Robert, 1781-1858. person
associatedWith Hays, I. Minis, (Isaac Minis), 1847-1925 person
associatedWith Hays, Isaac, 1796-1879. person
associatedWith Isabella II, Queen of Spain, 1830-1904. person
associatedWith Keating, William Hypolitus, 1799-1840. person
associatedWith Lawson, Alexander, 1773-1846. person
associatedWith Lea, Isaac, 1792-1886. person
associatedWith Lear, Edward, 1812-1888. person
associatedWith Lee, Charles Carter, 1798-1871 person
associatedWith Mailliard family. family
associatedWith Mailliard family. family
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith Ord, George, 1781-1866. person
associatedWith Owen, Richard, 1804-1892. person
associatedWith Peale, Titiam Ramsay, 1799-1885. person
associatedWith Peale, Titian Ramsay, 1799-1885. person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Prince, Mr., person
associatedWith Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840. person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Rüppell, Wilhelm Peter Eduard, 1794-1884 person
associatedWith Rüppell, Wilhelm P. S. person
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
associatedWith Say, Thomas, 1787-1834. person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Sclater, Philip Lutley, 1829-1913. person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Temminck, C. J., (Coenraad Jacob), 1778-1858 person
associatedWith Temminck, Conrad J., d. 1858. person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
associatedWith Tristram, H. B. (Henry Baker), 1822-1906, person
associatedWith Van Rensselaer, Jeremiah, 1740-1810. person
associatedWith Vaughan, John, 1756-1841 person
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith Wellcome Historical Medical Society. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Point Breeze (Philadelphia, Pa.)
France
Point Breeze (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Subject
Ornithology
Birds--Research
Birds
Zoological specimens
Science and technology
Natural history
Learned institutions and societies
Ornithologists--Correspondence
Literature, Arts, and Culture
Science--Societies, etc
Zoology
Occupation
Ornithologists
Scientists
Function

Person

Birth 1803-05-24

Death 1857-07-29

French

French,

English,

Italian,

German

Information

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