Brinton, Daniel G. (Daniel Garrison), 1837-1899

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Dr. Daniel Garrison Brinton (13 May 1837-31 July 1899) was born in Thornbury Township, Chester County, Pa., on "Homestead Farm" to Lewis and Ann (Garrison) Brinton. Brinton entered the army as a surgeon and served as Medical Director of the II Army Corps, holding the rank of Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel. After the war, Brinton became well known for his work in ethnology, anthropology, and linguistics of North and South America.

From the description of Dr. Daniel Garrison Brinton papers, 1863-1899 (bulk 1863-1864). (Chester County Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 648131415

David Zeisberger served as a Moravian minister.

From the guide to the Essay of an Onondaga grammar; or A short introduction to learn the Onondaga al. Maqua tongue / [edited by John W. Jordan], Circa 1887, (American Philosophical Society)

American archaeologist and ethnologist, educated at Yale University and Jefferson Medical College. During the Civil War he was a surgeon in the Union army, and after the war he practiced medicine in West Chester, Pennsylvania. In 1884 he joined the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia as a professor of ethnology and archeology, and in 1886 he became professor of American linguistics and archeology at the University of Pennsylvania. He also served as an editor for the weekly Medical and surgical reporter (1874-1887), and also of Science magazine under James McKeen Cattell (1894-1895). Until his death he was an active member of multiple learned societies (including the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Folklore Society, the American Philosophical Society and the Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia, amongst many others), and lectured extensively on a wide range of ethnological and linguistic subjects.

From the description of Daniel Garrison Brinton papers, 1869-1901, n.d. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 226388645

Daniel Garrison Brinton was born in Thornbury, Chester County, Pennsylvania, on May 13, 1837. He received his B.A.degree in 1858 from Yale University, where he developed literary and bibliophilic interests. He prepared for a career as a physician at Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia (1858-1860; M.D., 1861) and, after a year of study at Heidelberg and Paris, he began practicing medicine in West Chester, a community located west of Philadelphia. Brinton served as assistant editor of the Medical and Surgical Reporter between 1867 and 1874, and as editor from 1874 to 1887. In 1887, at the age of fifty, he retired to devote himself to the study of anthropology.

From the description of Brinton (Daniel Garrison) letter, [18--?] (Johns Hopkins University). WorldCat record id: 668091836

Stephen Bowers (1832?-1907) was a geologist, archaeologist, journalist and Methodist minister, who maintained an interest in southern California, including area fossils and artifacts. His geological and archaeological work was financed by the Smithsonian Institution and the U.S. Department of the Interior. In 1997 a California archaeologist and Simi Valley, California resident Arlene Benson published Bowers’ field notes, collected by Smithsonian field ethnologist John Peabody Harrington, under the title The Noontide Sun: The Field Journals of the Reverend Stephen Bowers, Pioneer California Archaeologist.

Bowers was born near Wilmington, Indiana on March 3, 1832 to David and Esther Bowers. One of thirteen children, the family moved to a farm eight miles north of Indianapolis when he was one year old. A studious lad, he walked or rode on horseback several miles to a small rural schoolhouse. Poor health kept him indoors as a child during the winter months. Realizing that he was not cut out to be a farmer, Bowers decided at an early age to pursue the ministry, and at twenty-three was ordained a Methodist minister, affiliated with the Indiana Conference. He was dispatched as a Methodist circuit rider ninety miles west of his birthplace in Lawrence County, Indiana. In November 1856, just ten months after beginning his ministry, Bowers married the seventeen-year-old Martha Cracraft from the farming community of Greencastle. Their first son, Hayden, was named for Bowers’ hero Dr. Ferdinand V. Hayden (1829-1887, APS 1860), the leader of U.S. government surveying expeditions to 109 western territories in 1859-60.

From his youth Bowers became a lifelong collector of artifacts and geological specimens. Although he dedicated himself to the pastorate and later also pursued a second career as a newspaper publisher, his primary interest was always archaeology. With the exception of military service with the 67th Indiana Volunteers during the Civil War, Bowers spent several decades in pastoral ministry that took him to churches in Kentucky, Oregon and finally (because of his wife’s failing health) to California. In 1874 he moved from his first pulpit in Napa City to the city of Santa Barbara. There Bowers found the lure of the Indian burial grounds on the Santa Barbara channel irresistible.

In the summer of 1875 Bowers accepted an assignment as guide for several survey parties of the Army Corp of Engineers, working on both sides of the Santa Barbara channel. Wheeler’s party included archaeologist Paul Schumacher, botanist Joseph Trimble Rothrock (1839-1922, APS 1877) of the University of Pennsylvania and Henry Wetherbee Henshaw, an ethnologist and ornithologist with the Smithsonian Institution. The Wheeler survey occupied all of Bowers’ time, except Sundays, for three months and Wheeler’s notes make sixteen references to him. It was through Henshaw that Bowers came to the attention of Smithsonian professor Spencer Fullerton Baird (1823-1887, APS 1855), who carried on an extensive twelve-year correspondence with him. Through Bowers’ excavations the Smithsonian would acquire thousands of California and Midwestern fossils and native American artifacts for its collections-seventeen accessions over twenty-nine years.

Since no trained archaeologist had ever visited the native American burial grounds on the San Nicholas and Santa Rosa Islands before Bowers’ 1875 excavation, he was the first to examine the remains of these settlements, and remove the skulls, implements and artifacts for shipment to the Smithsonian and other museums, as well as to private collectors. Most of the skeletons and artifacts were from the Chumash tribe. During his three-year tenure as pastor of the Santa Barbara Methodist congregation at the corner of De la Vina and De la Guerra streets, made one trip after another to the islands, usually accompanied by correspondent Simon Peter Guiberson of the Ventura Free Press and sometimes by his wife Martha and Dr. Lorenzo Yates of Centerville.

Although methods of archaeological excavation were crude at the time, and Bowers was not the only untrained archaeologist doing field work, modern historians and archaeologists, who are familiar with his activities generally regard him as “a meddler who destroyed fully as many artifacts as he preserved-and rendered the site scientifically useless as well.” They find his “flagrant disregard for orderly methods and his failure to preserve sites” inexcusable. It is unclear how many barrels of native American skulls, utensils and implements Bowers sent to collectors in New York, Washington, Philadelphia, Cincinnati, Los Angeles and the District of Columbia, but the Smithsonian alone credits 2,200 to 2,500 of its native American relics to his excavations between 1876-1905. Harvard’s Peabody Museum recorded 826 and hundreds made their way in public and private collections from Philadelphia to Los Angeles.

No doubt, Bowers used questionable methods and was generally too impatient to exercise care in his excavations. Dr. Baird of the Smithsonian and Professor Josiah Dwight Whitney (1819-1894, APS 1863) of Harvard, two of his primary customers, were probably unaware of Bower’s methods, although the former was definitely impressed by him. Bowers completed his excavations for the Smithsonian in September 1877, and moved to Indianapolis to accept a temporary call. Sometime in 1878 he returned to California and resumed his excavations. But after his wife and son Hayden died within months of each other in October 1879 and April 1880, he could not bear to continue excavations. Instead, he departed from Santa Barbara to launch a new career as a newspaper publisher in Beloit, California; Platteville, Wisconsin; and Falls City, Nebraska. By October 1883 he had returned to California with a new wife Margaret Dickson to become publisher of the Ventura Free Press. Also serving a the Methodist pastor in the nearby town of Santa Paula, he launched another daily newspaper he called the Golden State. As a Prohibitionist and a Republican Bowers became involved in political controversy in his newspapers and in the pulpit, often teetering on the edge of libel. All the while he found time to continue digging artifacts in the Santa Barbara Channel!

In 1899 the aging Bowers was appointed State Mine Examiner by California Governor Henry T. Gage. He had attracted the attention of one of the governor’s aids by some earlier pamphlets he had written for the state mineralogist, as well as reports that made use of some of his geological contributions on rocks, fossils and oil-bearing strata. During his tenure Bowers endured the heat of the San Diego County desert to dig fossils in thirteen different counties and also undertook an assignment from the U.S. Geological Survey to survey fossil around Riverside.

Bowers enjoyed excellent health into his mid-seventies, and was accustomed to delivering two sermons weekly. However, in the final hours of 1906 while on a New Years vigil, he fell ill and three days later suffered a stroke from which he died. He was survived by his wife Margaret, his son DeMoss, and daughters Anna Bailey and Florence Cooper.

The American Philosophical Society’s holdings of his letters show that he corresponded with major nineteenth century American naturalists, including Asa Gray (1810-1888, APS 1848) and Joseph Le Conte (1823-1901, APS 1873), as well as the Academy of Natural Sciences, the Museum of Natural History, the National Geographic Society and the U.S. Department of the Interior’s Geographical Survey. Bowers also received an honorary doctorate from Willamette University in Oregon.

From the guide to the Stephen Bowers correspondence, 1860-1915, 1860-1915, (American Philosophical Society)

Daniel Garrison Brinton, considered one of the founders of American Anthropology, was born in Thornbury, Pennsylvania and attended Yale University, awarded his A.B. in 1858. He then studied medicine at Jefferson Medical College. After attaining his medical degree in 1861, Brinton traveled and studied in Heidelberg and Paris for a year before establishing his medical practice in West Chester, Pennsylvania. During his medical studies, Brinton published "Notes on the Floridian Peninsula", which suggested his later career change.

In 1862, Brinton began his service in the Union Army, appointed acting assistant surgeon to the Federal Army at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. He rose to Surgeon-in-Chief also serving in battle at Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge. Brinton returned to his medical practice in 1865 but retired at age 50 to devote himself to the study of Anthropology.

Brinton was appointed Professor of Ethnology and Anthropology at the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia in 1884, followed in 1886, by his appointment to Professor of Archaeology and Linguistics at the University of Pennsylvania. Brinton did not participate in field work, his investigations based on archival and library research. From 1859 to 1899, he published a total of twenty-three books and over 200 essays on mythology, folklore, ethnography, and linguistics of the American Indian from South America to Alaska. Brinton is also known for his systematic classification of the aboriginal languages of North and South America, published as The American Race, in 1891. Brinton's Library of Aboriginal American Literature incorporates his translations and annotations of native mythology and folklore.

Brinton was instrumental in purchasing materials from Carl Hermann Berendt, a German-born natural historian, linguist, and ethnologist, now a part of the Daniel Garrison Brinton Library at the University of Pennsylvania. Brinton arranged for additional Berendt materials not available for purchase to be copied for the library. The Berendt Collection contains hand-written transcriptions of important manuscripts, in indigenous languages, from the native people in Mexico and Central America. There are 183 entries pertaining to the more than forty languages of Mexico and Central America covering the period from mid-sixteenth to late-eighteenth centuries.

Carl Hermann Berendt, born in Danzig, Germany in 1817, received his medical degree in 1842 from the University at Konigsburg. He established a medical practice in Breslau in 1843 and later taught surgery and obstetrics at the University of Breslau. In 1848, Berendt was a member of the Vor-Parlament where his liberal political views resulted in his removal to Graudenz and the loss of his University position. Then, in 1851, Berendt was exiled to America.

Berendt lived briefly in New York then traveled to Nicaragua where he spent two years investigating the natural history and anthropology of the region. This was followed by a move to Orizaba, Mexico then to Vera Cruz. Berendt stayed in the region from 1855 to 1862. He abandoned the practice of medicine and devoted himself to the natural sciences, linguistics, and ethnology, eventually gaining the sponsorship of The Smithsonian Institution to collect natural history specimens.

Berendt transcribed two important Maya vocabularies that dated from the colonial period while subsidized by the Peabody Museum at Harvard University ; the sixteenth century Diccionario de Motul by Antonio Ciudad Real and the Compendio de nombres en lengua Cakchiquel by the Franciscan priest, Pantaleon de Guzman. In 1974, Berendt settled in Copan, the center of the German coffee plantations in Honduras and purchased land with coffee groves. He returned to the United States at least once to arrange for the sale of his papers to Daniel Brinton. Berendt died of fever in Copan on May 12, 1878.

From the guide to the Daniel Garrison Brinton Mexico collection, Bulk, 1868-1891, 1868-1956, (University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Galindo, Juan, 1802-1839. Words of the Caribs in Central America / by Col[onel] Galindo in Journ[al] [of the] Roy[al] Geogr[aphical] Soc[iety] III (London 1833). University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Berendt, C. Hermann (Carl Hermann), 1817-1878. Vocabularios comparativos de lenguas de Costarica. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Culin, Stewart, 1858-1929. Culin Archival Collection Series 9: Brinton memorial 1875-1902 1899-1902 (bulk). Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
creatorOf Brinton, Daniel Garrison, 1837-1899. Berendt-Brinton linguistic collection, 1500-1890 (bulk 1850-1890). University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Berendt, C. Hermann (Carl Hermann), 1817-1878. Annotations : to Léon de Rosny's L'interprétation des anciens textes mayas. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Daniel Garrison Brinton Mexico collection, Bulk, 1868-1891, 1868-1956 University of Pennsylvania: Penn Museum Archives
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Garrison family papers, 1801-1948 (inclusive), 1840-1907 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Brinton, Daniel Garrison, 1837-1899. Dr. Daniel Garrison Brinton papers, 1863-1899 (bulk 1863-1864). Chester County Historical Society Library
creatorOf Berendt, C. Hermann (Carl Hermann), 1817-1878. Vocabularios de lenguas de Honduras y de la parte septentrional de Nicaragua. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Fröbel, Julius, 1805-1893. Some words of the Woolwa Indians at the headwaters of Bluefields River, Nicaragua / collected by Julius Fröbel, 1851 ; from Squier's Nicaragua, N[ew] York, 1852. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Castillejo, Clemente. Frases en lengua zotzil : fragmentos / por el R.P.D. Clemente Castillejo. Newberry Library
creatorOf Brinton, Daniel Garrison, 1837-1899. Daniel Garrison Brinton papers, 1869-1901, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Benzoni, Girolamo, b. 1519. Lengua de Suere / Girolamo Benzoni. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Aguilar, José Hilario. Modo de administrar los sacramentos en castellano y tzendal : 1707. Newberry Library
creatorOf Squier, E. G. (Ephraim George), 1821-1888. Lenca vocabularies from the villages Guajiquero, Opatoro, Intibucat and Similaton (Honduras) / collected by E. Geo. Squier. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Berendt, C. Hermann (Carl Hermann), 1817-1878. Darien -- Chiriqui words. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Bowers, Stephen, 1832-1907. Correspondence, 1860-1915. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Berendt, C. Hermann (Carl Hermann), 1817-1878. Chorotega ó diria [manuscript] : Comparado con chapaneca. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Scherzer, Karl, Ritter von, 1821-1903. Vocabulario de la lengua de los indios viceitas y blancos en Costa Rica / colectado por D[oktor] Karl Scherzer, 1853. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Luckenbach, Abraham, 1777-1854,. The Acts of the Apostles [manuscript] = Nenni ele[r?]gil elekhankgup naga Lucasa untschi Patamarvos Gegegimatpannil / translated into Delaware by Abraham Luckenbach. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Stoll, Otto, 1849-1922. Supplementary remarks to the Grammar of the Cakchiquel language of Guatemela, edited by D.G. Brinton [microform] / by Otto Stoll. University of California, Los Angeles
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIj, 1898-1988 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Berendt, C. Hermann (Carl Hermann), 1817-1878. Miscellanea maya. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Ashmead, Albert S. (Albert Sydney), 1850-1911. Papers, 1869-1910. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Stephen Bowers correspondence, 1860-1915, 1860-1915 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Brinton, Daniel Garrison, 1837-1899. Brinton (Daniel Garrison) letter, [18--?] Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
creatorOf Valentini, Philipp J. J. (Philipp Johann Josef), 1828-1899. Vocabulario del idioma de los indios blancos (lengua bribri) / recojido por Ph[ilipp] Valentini, Limon. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Cotheal, Alexander I., 1804-1894. A grammatical sketch of the language spoken by the Indians of the Mosquito shore [manuscript] University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Cullen, Dr. Vocabulary of the language of the Tule Indians (Darien) / Dr. Edward Cullen. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Stephens, John Lloyd, 1805-1852. Some words of the Chorti language of Zacapa / collected by John L. Stephens, 1839. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Boas-Rukeyser Collection, 1869-1940. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn C. F. Voegelin Papers, 1934-1970 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Brinton, Daniel Garrison, 1837-1899. Letter: to Dr. Washington Matthews, July 17, 1890. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
creatorOf Fellechner, A. M. Vocabulario de la lengua de los moskitos [manuscript] : sacado de la relación de los s[eño]res Fellechner, Mũller y Hesse, Berlin, 1845. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Essay of an Onondaga grammar; or A short introduction to learn the Onondaga al. Maqua tongue / [edited by John W. Jordan], Circa 1887 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Brinton, Daniel Garrison, 1837-1899. [American antiquities and archaeology : pamphlets.]. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
creatorOf Hay, John, 1838-1905. Correspondence, 1854-1914, "Breckinridge" to "Burt." Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Boas-Rukeyser Collection, 1869-1940 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Seemann, Berthold, 1825-1871. Vocabulario de la lengua de los bayanos / por Berthold Seeman [sic]. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Ara, Domingo de. Extractos del Arte de lengua tzendal / por el R.P. Fr. Domingo de Ara de la orden de S[anct]o Domingo. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Berendt, C. Hermann (Carl Hermann), 1817-1878. Colección de pláticas doctrinales y sermones en lengua maya por diferentes autores / copiados en Mérida de Yucatan, 1868. Newberry Library
creatorOf Lebkowitz. Vocabulario y noticias de los biceitas, indios de Costa Rica : (ant[igua] provincia de la Talamanca) / tomado en Moin por Lebkowitz, 1867. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Berendt, C. Hermann (Carl Hermann), 1817-1878,. [Extracts from the Chilam Balam of Mani and the Chilam Balam of Oxkutzcab] [manuscript]. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIg, 1887-1891 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Edwards, Amory, 1814-1881. Vocabulario de la lengua de los Xicaques / por Amory Edwards. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Alvarado, Lucas. Vocabulario de la lengua de los indios del pueblo de Cachi (Costa Rica) / colectado por D[okto]r Lucas Alvarado, Cartago, 1866. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Henderson, George, fl. 1809. Mosquito vocabulary [manuscript] / from Captain George Henderson's account of the British settlement of Honduras, 2[n]d edition, London, 1811 (pp. 227-229) ; the first edition was printed in London, 1809, 8vo., pp. 203, map. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Valentini, Philipp J. J. (Philipp Johann Josef), 1828-1899. Vocabulario de la lengua de los indios de Boruca (Costa Pacífica de Costarica) / colectado por D[on] Felipe Valentini, 1862. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Berendt, C. Hermann (Carl Hermann), 1817-1878. Miscellanea centro-americana. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Bibliography, [n.d.], of the Walam Olum, n.d. American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Young, Thomas, of the British Central American Land Co. Mosquitian vocabulary [manuscript] : from pp. 170-172 of Thomas Young's Narrative of a residence on the Mosquito shore during the years 1839, 1840 & 1841, with an account of Truxillo and the adjacent islands of Bonacca and Roatan, London, Smith Elder and Co., 1842. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Cotting, Benjamin Eddy, 1812-1897. Benjamin Eddy Cotting correspondence, 1890-1897 Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Berendt, C. Hermann (Carl Hermann), 1817-1878,. Languages of Chiriqui and Darien. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn George G. Heye autograph collection, 1886-1928. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIh, 1892-1896 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIi, 1897 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Gaona, Juan de, 1507-1560. Interlinear and interleaved translations [manuscript] in a copy of Juan de Gaona's Colloquios de la paz y tranquilidad christiana en lengua mexicana (1582). University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Bollaert, William, 1807-1876. Vocabulary of the Muysca, Mosca or Chibcha language / from various authors collected by Will[iam] Bollaert ; and alphabetically arranged by C. H[ermann] B[erendt]. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Culin, Stewart, 1858-1929. Culin Archival Collection 1871-1933 1903-1928 (bulk). Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
creatorOf University of Pennsylvania. University Archaeological Association. Certificate to Henry Charles Lea, 1891. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Brinton, Daniel Garrison, 1837-1899. Letter to Horace Howard Furness, 1886. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Berendt, C. Hermann (Carl Hermann), 1817-1878. [Extracts from Arte y vocabulario en lengua mame]. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Scherzer, Karl, Ritter von, 1821-1903. Vocabulario de la lengua de los indios blancos, valientes y talamancos en la costa oriental de Costa Rica entre Rio Zent y Boca del Toro / por D[oktor] Karl Scherzer ; copiado de Sprachen der Indianer Central-Amerikas von D[oktor] K[arl] Scherzer (Vienna, 1855). University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Cullen, Dr. A short vocabulary of the language of the Cholo Indians : inhabiting part of the Isthmus of Darien, east of the River Chuquanaqua, which is watered by the River Paya and its branches in and about lat[itude] 8° 15' n[orth] and long[itude] 77° 20' w[est] / collected by D[octo]r Ed[ward] Cullen. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Weer, Paul,. Bibliography, [n.d.], of the Walam Olum. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Floyd Glenn Lounsbury papers, ca. 1935-1998, Circa 1935-1998 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIf, 1866-1886 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Berendt, C. Hermann (Carl Hermann), 1817-1878. Vorläufige Liste der Völker, Stämme, Sprachen und Dialecte von Mexico und Central America. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957. George G. Heye autograph collection, 1886-1928. Cornell University Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
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correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
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associatedWith Hilgard, Eugene W., (Eugene Woldemar), 1833-1916 person
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associatedWith Vail, Isaac N., (Isaac Newton), 1840-1912 person
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associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith Weer, Paul, person
associatedWith Weer, Paul, comp. person
associatedWith Worrall, Horatio. person
associatedWith Young, Thomas, of the British Central American Land Co. person
associatedWith Zeisberger, David, 1721-1808 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Illinois--Quincy
Central America
United States
Pennsylvania
Central America
Quincy (Ill.)
Virginia
America
Chester County (Pa.)
Illinois
California
Subject
Mayan languages--Writing
Nagualism
Indians of North America--Languages
Anthropologists
Ethnology
Indians of Central America--Religion
Archaeology--History
Mayan languages
Indians of Central America--Languages
Surgeons--Correspondence
Fossils--Collection and preservation--California
Indians of North America--California--Antiquities
Chancellorsville, Battle of, Chancellorsville, Va., 1863--Personal narratives
Physical anthropology
Gettysburg, Battle of, Gettysburg, Pa., 1863--Personal narratives
Military hospitals
Onondaga language
Indians of Mexico
Indians of Central America
Indians of North America
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1837-05-13

Death 1899-07-31

Americans

Mayan languages,

Italian,

English,

Spanish; Castilian,

Latin,

French,

German

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w669721q

Ark ID: w669721q

SNAC ID: 6426239