Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817

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Yeates was a lawyer from Lancaster, Pa. He served as a delegate to the Pennsylvania Ratification Convention in 1787 and was a judge of the Pennyslvania Supreme Court, 1791-1817.

From the description of [Letter] 1801 Mar. 22, Philada. [to] Sally / J. Yeates. (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 501843254

Pennsylvania jurist.

From the description of ALS : Lancaster, Pa., to Robert Aitken, 1772 June 4. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122347819

Student at the College of Philadelphia, A.B. 1761; later a justice on the Pennsylvania Supreme Court.

From the description of Student notes, 1758-1760. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 79431688

Jasper Yeates, the son of John Yeates (1705-1765) and Elizabeth Sidebotham (1704-1763; also spelled Sidebottom), was born on April 17, 1745 in Philadelphia. His grandfather, Jasper Yeates (1670-1720), a native of Yorkshire, came to Pennsylvania in the late seventeenth century and became a successful merchant as well as an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the Province of Pennsylvania (1691-1711). The elder Jasper Yeates's third son, John, married Elizabeth Sidebotham in 1730, and went on to become a prominent merchant in Barbados and Pennsylvania throughout the 1740s and 1750s. After experiencing financial difficulties he was commissioned comptroller of customs at Poconoke, Maryland, a position he held until his death. Jasper Yeates earned a bachelor's degree from the College of Philadelphia in 1761, and shortly thereafter he went on to study law. After his admission to the Pennsylvania Bar in 1765, Yeates started his law practice in Lancaster where he became the most prominent lawyer of the county. In 1767 he married Sarah Burd, the daughter of Colonel James Burd and Sarah Shippen, and together they had at least four children, John, Elizabeth, Margaret, and Catherine. Yeates led a distinguished legal career until his appointment to the Supreme Court in 1791, but he also performed many public functions. He was the chairman of the Lancaster Committee of Correspondence in 1775, which communicated with the second Continental Congress. He also served as captain in the Lancaster militia under Colonel Matthias Slough and played a vital role with the organization and equipping of the militia. His militia duties were interrupted the following year, however, when the Continental Congress appointed Yeates to a Commission of Indian Affairs to negotiate a treaty with the Lenape (Delaware) Indians at Fort Pitt. The Commission's efforts resulted in the Treaty of Fort Pitt in 1778, which gave American soldiers the right to travel through Delaware territory, among other things. He wrote a letter to Benjamin Franklin accepting the post on July 6, 1776. In 1787, Yeates, Chief Justice Thomas McKean, and James Wilson served as delegates to the Pennsylvania State Convention which ratified the U. S. Constitution. Following ratification, Yeates became a Federalist, and on August 8, 1794, George Washington appointed him to a commission to negotiate with the participants of the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvania. The commission produced a treaty titled "Treaty between Com⁰́₉n & Committee of Insurgents, Sept. 2, 1794," which guaranteed the rebels a pardon. The only negative mark on Jasper Yeates's legal career was his impeachment by the Pennsylvania House of Representatives in 1803, along with Chief Justice Edward Shippen and Thomas Smith, for charging a man named Thomas Passmore with contempt of court. Yeates and his colleagues were acquitted by the Senate in 1805, however, and Yeates continued to serve until his death in 1817. During his tenure, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court determined British statutes would remain Pennsylvania law. This work culminated in the publishing of the Digest of Select British Statutes (1807). A collection of his notes on the Supreme Court was published posthumously as Reports of Cases adjudged in the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania: with some select cases at Nisi Prius, and in the Circuit Courts (4 volumes, 1817-1818).

From the description of Jasper Yeates papers 1733 - 1876 (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122474456

Jasper Yeates was a Lancaster County lawyer and served as judge on the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania.

From the description of Court Docket, 1775-1776. (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122633113

American jurist; associate justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania.

From the guide to the Jasper Yeates papers, 1781-1817, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Jasper Yeates was a Lancaster County, Pa. lawyer and jurist.

From the description of Diary and Memoranda, 1764-1769. (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122524440

Jasper Yeates was a Philadelphia lawyer. Edward Hand was a general in the Revolution.

From the description of Account book, 1802-1814. (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 86155853

Jasper Yeates was a Lancaster County, Pa. lawyer.

From the description of Letterbook, 1769-1771. (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122524198

Jasper Yeates (1745-1817) was a lawyer and Pennsylvania Supreme Court justice, one of the state's most successful colonial-era legal practitioners. After moving to Lancaster County in 1765, he became active in colonial and early federal affairs, first by supporting the Revolutionary struggle and later by serving as one of Lancaster's delegates to the State Convention of 1787, which ratified the U.S. Constitution.

Yeates was born in Philadephia on April 9, 1745, to John and Elizabeth (Sidbotham) Yeates. He studied at the College of Philadelphia (now the University of Pennsylvania), where he received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1761. Upon graduation he continued his studies at the college, earning a Master of Arts two years later (1763). He was admitted to the bar in 1765 and subsequently moved to the city of Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

Yeates went on to become one of the most successful legal practitioners in the state. His notoriety earned him the commission of Judge of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania on March 21, 1791. He served in that position until his death in 1817. Judge Yeates prepared notes of judicial proceedings in which he took part, with the intent to publish. They were printed after he died.

From 1802 to 1805, Yeates was involved in an impeachment trial along PA Supreme Court Chief Justice Edward Shippen and Judge Thomas Smith. The three men were charged with illegally sentencing Thomas Passmore to thirty days in jail and for imposing a $50 fine for a “supposed contempt.” All three men were acquitted.

Yeates was one of the foremost patriots from the inception of the Revolutionary struggle. He served as chairman of the Committee of Correspondence of Lancaster in 1776. He was also one of Lancaster County's delegates to the State Convention of 1787, which ratified the U.S. Constitution.

Jasper married Sarah Burd in Lancaster on December 30, 1767. Sarah was the eldest daughter of Colonel James Burd and his wife, Sarah Shippen, who was daughter to Edward Shippen of Lancaster and sister to Chief Justice Edward Shippen. They moved to 24 South Queen Street in 1775 and raised 10 children over a period of 37-plus years.

Many of their children grew up to marry and have families of their own. Their firstborn, Mary Yeates, arrived in in 1770. In 1791, she married Charles Smith, son of Rev. William Smith, the provost of the College of Philadelphia. Charles became judge for the Ninth Judicial District of Pennsylvania and in 1820 was commissioned judge of the city of Lancaster. Together he and Mary had eight children.

Son John Yeates was born in 1772, and followed in his father’s footsteps by graduating with a Bachelor of Arts degree from the College of Pennsylvania in 1792. He became a lawyer and married Eliza Buckley, daughter of Daniel Buckley. They had no children.

Daughter Elizabeth Yeates was born in 1778. In 1808 she married Redmond Conyngham, a prominent literary figure and the son of David Hayfield Conyngham and grandson of Redmond Conyngham, Esq., of Ireland. Together Elizabeth and Redmond had six children.

Jasper and Sarah also had two daughters who never married: Margaret (born 1780) and Catherine (born 1782). Five of the Yeates' 10 children died in infancy.

As a result of Jasper’s political and judicial duties and travels, he and Sarah-whom he called “Dear Sally”-exchanged many letters throughout their marriage. In these letters, the couple expressed their love, shared news, and made family decisions. Yeates also exchanged many letters with his children and grandchildren.

Jasper became involved with St. James Episcopal Church in Lancaster, serving the congregation as warden and vestryman. He died on March 14, 1817, and was buried at the churchyard of St. James. Sarah died in 1829 and is buried near him in the same graveyard.

Bibliography Jordon, John W. Colonial and Revolutionary Families of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia: Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1911), p. 663-668.

Lancaster Historical Society. “Sarah and Jasper Yeates: A Lifetime of Romance.” Accessed March 15, 2011. http://www.lancasterhistory.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=368&Itemid=172.

RootsWeb’s World Connect Project.

Warren, Charles. History of the Harvard Law School and of Early Legal Conditions in America (New York: Lewis Publishing Company, 1908), p. 199-200.

From the guide to the Jasper Yeates Papers, Bulk, 1760-1816, 1738-1910, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Fuller, B. A. G. B. A. G. Fuller autograph collection. 1620-1920. Houghton Library
creatorOf Woods, Lawrence C., Jr., 1900-1990. Collection 1743-1801. Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
creatorOf Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817. Court Docket, 1775-1776. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817. Jasper Yeates papers 1733 - 1876 Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Shippen, Edward, 1729-1806. Report of the trial of John Cadwalader, Huntingdon, Pa. : manuscript, 1798 May 12. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817. A brief compend of the law of nature, with politicks & oeconomicks : abridged from the two last books of Dr. Hutcheson's Moral philosophy, 1760. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817. Student notes, 1758-1760. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Carson, Marian S.,. Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts (continuation record), 1656-1995 (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress
creatorOf Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817. Some of the difficult derivations in the Greek Testament : particularly in the Gospel according to St. John and his three epistles general : manuscript, 1758-1759. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Ross, George. Letter, 1789, June 30, Philadelphia, Pa., to Jasper Yeates. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817. Moral philosophy : manuscript, 1759. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Ambler, Jaquelin,. Virginia papers, 1748-1816. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Smith, William, 1727-1803. Papers, 1690-1871 (bulk 1748-1804). University of Pennsylvania, Archives & Records Center
creatorOf Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817. Jasper Yeates letter to his father, John Yeates, October 16, 1764 [microform]. Lancaster County Historical Society
creatorOf Yeates, John. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1759. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Paterson Lottery. Lottery tickets, [ca. 1769]-1815. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817. Diary and Memoranda, 1764-1769. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817. Account book, 1802-1814. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Randolph, Edmund, 1753-1813. ALS : Philadelphia, to Jasper Yeates, Lancaster, Pa., 1794 Aug. 6. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume V, Miscellany, 1764-1792. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817. Moral philosophy [microform] : Metaphysics. Union Presbyterian Seminary, William Smith Morton Library
creatorOf Hand, Edward, 1744-1802. Edward Hand papers, 1775-1801. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Jasper Yeates papers, 1781-1817 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Franklin-Bache Papers, 1707-1799 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Smith, William, 1727-1803. Letter to Jasper Yeates, Lancaster [manuscript], 1773 July 15. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Smith, James, 1720-1805. Autograph letters signed (2) : to Jasper Yeates, 1768 July 17-1771 June 21. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Indian Commissioners’ receipts, 1776 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Duncan, Thomas, d. 1827. ALS : Carlisle, Pa., to Jasper Yeates, 1791 June 5. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf United States. Army. Indian Commissioners' receipts, 1776. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Jasper Yeates Papers, Bulk, 1760-1816, 1738-1910 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Wilson, James, 1742-1798. ALS : Philadelphia, to Jasper Yeates, 1783 June 9. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817. Jasper Yeates letterbook, 1769-1771, [microform]. Lancaster County Historical Society
creatorOf Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817. [Letter] 1801 Mar. 22, Philada. [to] Sally / J. Yeates. Smith College, Neilson Library
creatorOf Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817. Letterbook, 1769-1771. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Yeates, Aungst collection, 1765-1810. Lancaster County Historical Society
referencedIn Duncan, Thomas, d. 1827. ALS : Carlisle, to Jasper Yeates, 1784 Feb. 19. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Aitken, Robert, 1735-1802. ALS : to Jasper Yeates, 1772 May 15. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817. Jasper Yeates memorandum book, 1764-1769 [microform]. Lancaster County Historical Society
creatorOf Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817. ALS : Lancaster, Pa., to Robert Aitken, 1772 June 4. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Edward Hand papers, 1775-1801 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Weitzel, Casper, 1748-1782. Letter : Sunbury, [Pa.], to Jasper Yeates, Lancaster, [Pa.], 1773 Nov. 30. Newberry Library
referencedIn Shippen family. Papers, 1749-1860. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Smith, Thomas, 1745-1809. Thomas Smith family papers, 1767-1841 (bulk 1793-1810). Georgia Newspaper Project
creatorOf Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817. ALS, 1777 October 31 : Lancaster, [PA], to John Harvie. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Cadwalader, Thomas, 1779-1841. ALS : to Jasper Yeates, 1809 Dec. 28. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts, 1656-1995, (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts, 1582-1843. Houghton Library
creatorOf Brackenridge, H. H. (Hugh Henry), 1748-1816. Letters of H. H. Brackenridge [manuscript], 1801-1809. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Yeates, Carson collection, 1700-1874. Lancaster County Historical Society
referencedIn Hamilton family. Letterbook, 1781-1790. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn DS (two), 1776 December 10 and 1776 December 21 : Pennsylvania. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Yeates, Jasper , 1745-1817. Letterbook, 1769-1771 [microform]. Lancaster County Historical Society
referencedIn Lambert Cadwalader letter to Jasper Yeates, 1774 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Yeates, Lancaster County Historical Society collection, 1699-1934. Lancaster County Historical Society
referencedIn Hamilton family. Letterbook, 1781-1790, [microform]. Lancaster County Historical Society
referencedIn Account book in settlement of the estate of General Edward Hand, [microform] 1802-1814. Lancaster County Historical Society
referencedIn Carson, Marian S.,. Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts, 1656-1995 (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress
creatorOf De Haas, John Philip, c. 1735-1786. Autograph letter signed : Lebanon, to Jasper Yeates, 1778 Nov. 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Van Dike, Nicholas, 1738-1789. ALS, 1764 February 27 : St. Georges, [Delaware], to Jasper Yeates. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876, 1700-1800 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Smith, William, 1727-1803. The substance of a course of lectures in natural philosophy : lecture notes, 1760. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817. Metaphysics : manuscript, 1760. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Yeates, Jasper 1745-1817. [Manuscript diary of Jasper Yeates, 1764-1769] [microform]. Lancaster County Historical Society
creatorOf Dickinson, John, 1732-1808. [Document and letter, 1785-1787] / John Dickinson. Smith College, Neilson Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Aitken, Robert, 1735-1802. person
associatedWith Alison, Francis, 1705-1779. person
associatedWith Brackenridge, H. H. (Hugh Henry), 1748-1816. person
associatedWith Burd, Edward, 1751-1833. person
associatedWith Burd, Edward Shippen, 1779-1848 person
associatedWith Burd, Elizabeth person
associatedWith Burd, Joseph person
associatedWith Cadwalader, Lambert person
associatedWith Cadwalader, Thomas, 1779-1841. person
associatedWith Carson, Marian S., person
associatedWith Carson, Marian S., person
associatedWith Carson, Marian S., collector. person
associatedWith College, Academy, and Charitable Schools of Philadelphia. corporateBody
associatedWith Conyngham, Jasper Yeates, ca. 1810-ca. 1880. person
associatedWith Conyngham, Redmond, 1781-1846. person
associatedWith Cox, Tench person
associatedWith De Haas, John Philip, c. 1735-1786. person
associatedWith Dickinson, John, 1732-1808. person
associatedWith Duncan, Thomas, d. 1827. person
associatedWith Emmet, Thomas Addis person
associatedWith Fleming, William. person
associatedWith Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790 person
associatedWith Fuller, B. A. G. (Benjamin Apthorp Gould), 1879-1956 person
associatedWith Grubb, Peter, 1692-1754. person
associatedWith Hamilton family. family
associatedWith Hamilton family. family
associatedWith Hand, Edward, 1744-1802. person
associatedWith Hartley, Thomas, 1748-1800. person
associatedWith Harvie, John. person
associatedWith Hill, Richard, 1673-1729. person
associatedWith Hutcheson, Francis, 1694-1746. person
associatedWith Lucian, of Samosata. person
associatedWith Peters, Richard, 1743-1828. person
associatedWith Randolph, Edmund, 1753-1813. person
associatedWith Ross, George. person
associatedWith Shippen, Edward, 1729-1806. person
associatedWith Shippen, Edward Jr. person
associatedWith Shippen family. family
associatedWith Shippen, Joseph Jr. person
associatedWith Smith, James, 1720-1805. person
associatedWith Smith, Thomas, 1745-1809. person
associatedWith Smith, William, 1727-1803. person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Taylor, Jacob. person
associatedWith Tilghman, Edward, 1750-1815 person
associatedWith Tilghman, William, 1756-1827. person
associatedWith United States. Army. corporateBody
associatedWith Van Dike, Nicholas, 1738-1789. person
correspondedWith Weitzel, Casper, 1748-1782. person
associatedWith Whelan, William person
associatedWith "White Eyes,", (17--?)-1778. person
associatedWith Wilson, James, 1742-1798. person
associatedWith Woods, Lawrence C., Jr., 1900-1990. person
associatedWith Yeastes, Jasper, 1745-1817. person
associatedWith Yeates, Elizabeth person
associatedWith Yeates family. family
associatedWith Yeates Family. family
associatedWith Yeates, John person
associatedWith Yeates, John. person
associatedWith Yeates, John 1705-1765. person
associatedWith Yeates, John, fl. 1755-1756 person
associatedWith Yeates, Margaret person
associatedWith Yeates, Sarah, 1748 or 9-1829, person
associatedWith Yeates, Sarah Burd person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Pennsylvania--Lancaster County
Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
United States
Pennsylvania--Cumberland County
Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Lancaster County (Pa.)
Pennsylvania
West Indies
Pennsylvania--Lancaster County
United States
Middle Atlantic States
Pennsylvania
Subject
Chronology, Historical
United States--History--French and Indian War, 1755-1763
Indians of North America--Wars--1750-1815
Plantations
Law
Seven Years' War
Pennsylvania Supreme Court
Ethics--Early works to 1800
Social Life and Customs
Marriage and Family Life
Shipping
Slavery--Pennsylvania
Economics--Early works to 1800
Education
Natural law--Early works to 1800
Metaphysics--Early works to 1800
Pennsylvania History
Latin language--Grammar
Greek language--Grammar
African Americans
Lancaster County (Pa.)--History
Administration of estates
Decedents' estates
Pennsylvania--History--French and Indian War, 1755-1763
Delaware Indians
Universities and colleges--History--18th century
Political science--Early works to 1800
Occupation
Correspondence
Lawyers--Pennsylvania--Lancaster County
Judges--Pennsylvania
Lawyers--Pennsylvania--Cumberland County
Merchants--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Accounts
Lawyers--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Lawyers--Pennsylvania
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Birth 1745

Death 1817

English,

Latin

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