Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Du Ponceau was a Philadelphia lawyer who arrived in Portsmouth, N.H., from France in 1777, achieved early prominence as an aide to von Steuben, and as secretary to Robert Livingston, Secretary of Foreign Affairs for the Congress in 1781. Du Ponceau was admitted to the Philadelphia Bar in 1785 where his familiarity with both American and European law brought him an important practice. His intellectual interests included both history and linguistics and he published extensively in both fields. He was a member and officer of both the American Philosophical Society and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

From the description of Papers, 1663-1844 (inclusive), 1781-1844 (bulk). (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122380254

A noted linguist, Peter Stephen Du Ponceau was born in St Martin de Ré, France, on June 3, 1760. In 1777 he came to the American colonies as secretary to Prussian military officer Friedrich Wilhelm Augustus, Baron von Steuben, during the American Revolution. Du Ponceau served as a captain in the American army until 1781 when illness forced him to resign; afterward, he remained in America, eventually settling in Philadelphia and becoming a lawyer. He was an active member of Philadelphia's cultural organizations, serving as president of the American Philosophical Society (elected to membership in 1791), the Athenaeum of Philadelphia, and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. He was a founding member of the French Benevolent Society of Philadelphia and the Philadelphia Bar Association.

From the description of Peter S. Du Ponceau Papers. 1787-1844 (inclusive). (Library Company of Philadelphia). WorldCat record id: 124558471

Lawyer and author.

From the description of Peter Stephen Du Ponceau correspondence, 1783-1804. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71009873

Italian economist whose studies in value theory anticipated much later work.

From the guide to the Laws of neutrality, 1775, (American Philosophical Society)

Peter Stephen Du Ponceau worked as a lawyer, author, and philologist.

From the guide to the Sea terms in different languages, [n.d.], n.d., (American Philosophical Society)

Born and raised in France; came to the U.S. with Baron von Steuben in late 1777 to serve with the Continental Army; became an officer Feb. 1778 and served as Steuben's aide-de-camp; resigned late 1779 because of ill health but served later again briefly. After the war Du Ponceau settled in Philadelphia and became a lawyer, specializing in international law and practicing before the U.S. Supreme Court; also interested in literature, linguistics, and history.

From the description of Peter S. DuPonceau diary, 1777-1778. (Historical Society of Delaware). WorldCat record id: 71014818

American lawyer and writer.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to L.H. Girardin, 1821 Nov. 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270744862

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to an unidentified correspondent, 1831 Apr. 7. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270744840

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to I.K. Tefft, 1833 Dec. 16. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270744353

Joseph-Mathias Gérard de Rayneval was a French author.

From the guide to the On the freedom of the seas, [n.d.], n.d., (American Philosophical Society)

Du Ponceau was a leading authority on international law and practice.

From the description of Letters and autograph, 1791-1844. (Harvard Law School Library). WorldCat record id: 235086015

Peter Stephen Du Ponceau was a Philadelphia lawyer, author, and philologist.

From the description of Letters, 1816-1822, to John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122589417

From the description of Letters, 1801-1843, to Albert Gallatin. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122540879

Jared Sparks was a clergyman, editor, historian, and president of Harvard College; he became an American Philosophical Society member in 1837.

From the guide to the Jared Sparks selected papers, 1819-1863 Franklin Bache S. D. Bradford William Duane Peter S. Du Ponceau J. Francis Fisher George Gibbs Henry D. Gilpin Edward D. Ingraham James Mease William B. Reed Henry Stevens, Sr. Henry Stevens, Jr. Benjamin Vaughan Petty Vaughan William Vaughan There are also extracts from Sparks's journal, 1831-1841, relating to his Franklin researches. Table of contents (11 pp.). (Film 570), 1819-1863, (American Philosophical Society)

Peter Stephen Du Ponceau was a lawyer, author, and philologist.

From the description of Sea terms in different languages, [n.d.]. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122539947

From the description of Commonplace book, 1820. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122584302

From the description of Essai de solution du problème philologique proposé en l'année 1823 par la commission de l'Institut de France, 1823. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122439918

From the description of Notebooks on philology, [n.d.]. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122624239

From the description of Papers, 1786-1842. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 86165470

From the description of Indian vocabularies, 1820-1844. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122540867

From the guide to the Essai de solution du problème philologique proposé en l'année 1823 par la commission de l'Institut de France, 1823, 1823, (American Philosophical Society)

From the guide to the Indian vocabularies, 1820-1844, 1820-1844, (American Philosophical Society)

Philadelphia lawyer and philologist.

From the description of ALS : Philadelphia, to Alexander James Dallas, 1815 Feb. 17. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 86165793

From the description of ALS : Philadelphia, to Alexander James Dallas, 1815 Jan. 24. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122365139

From the description of ALS : Philadelphia, to Alexander James Dallas, 1815 May 30. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122617125

Lawyer and author.

Coming to America in 1777 as personal secretary to Baron Steuben, Du Ponceau served in the Revolutionary War as the general's aide-de-camp. He settled in Philadelphia and entered the legal profession, becoming an expert in international law. Also a linguistic scholar and historian, Du Ponceau was particularly interested in the languages of the North American Indian.

From the description of Letter : Philadelphia, [Pa.], to Lewis [i.e. Louis] Le Couteulx, 1803 Feb. 27. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 36966220

Born at St-Martin de Ré, France, on June, 1760, Du Ponceau received his education at a Benedictine college, where he demonstrated a facility for languages. His uncommon knowledge of English led to ridicule by his schoolmates, who nicknamed him L'Anglois for his habit of carrying around an English Classic in his pocket. A bit of jealousy may have been at play as Du Ponceau, though he rarely studied, received all of the premiums at the end of each year. The disdain was mutual: Du Ponceau scorned his fellow students for their tendency to merely memorize and repeat their lessons.

Dissatisfied with the scholastic philosophy taught at the college, Du Ponceau left the school after eighteen months. Du Ponceau's mother wanted him to enter the priesthood. In an effort to persuade him, the priest reportedly evoked feelings of guilt and remorse by reminding DuPonceau of his failure to cry at his father's death. Under the combined pressure of his mother and the unnamed priest, Du Ponceau agreed to enter the seminary under the condition that they would not require him to enter the priesthood after he completed his studies. He completed his studies, but did not enter the priesthood. Instead, at the age of 17, he set out for America with Baron von Steuben and served as Steuben's secretary in the Revolutionary army, with rank of captain, until illness forced his resignation in 1781. He settled in Philadelphia, where he studied law, was admitted to the bar, and established a law practice.

Elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1791, he served as secretary for and primary force behind the Society's Historical and Literary Committee. One of the most active committees in the Society's history, the Historical and Literary Committee provided much of the impetus for the early growth of the Society's Native American Indian linguistic collections. During Du Ponceau's tenure as secretary, the Committee laid the foundation for the Society's development into one of the premier centers for the study of Native American Indian languages.

A member of the Society during the era in which Thomas Jefferson served as president of the American Philosophical Society as well as president of the United States, Du Ponceau collaborated with Albert Gallatin on a volume of Indian vocabularies commissioned by Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson wished to demonstrate the relationships between Indian tribes based on the similarities or differences of their languages. Du Ponceau and Gallatin found that a correlation did exist between similarity of language and the length of time since the tribes had migrated to other regions.

His memoir on the grammatical system of the Indian languages (Mémoire sur le systeme grammatical des langues de quelques nations Indiennes de l'Amérique du Nord) won the Volney prize of the French Institute in 1835 and his writings continue to inspire scholars to this day. In addition to his works on Indian languages, Du Ponceau wrote on the Chinese system of writing, then largely a puzzle to most Europeans.

An active and influential scholar, Du Ponceau served, simultaneously at one point, as president of not only the American Philosophical Society, but also of the Athenaeum and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. During his years as president of the Society, from 1827 until his death in 1844, the Society expanded its linguistics collection to a degree not seen again until the 20th century.

From the guide to the Peter Stephen Du Ponceau letters, 1801-1843, to Albert Gallatin., 1801-1843, (American Philosophical Society)

Born at St-Martin de Ré, France, on June, 1760, Du Ponceau received his education at a Benedictine college, where he demonstrated a facility for languages. His uncommon knowledge of English led to ridicule by his schoolmates, who nicknamed him L'Anglois for his habit of carrying around an English Classic in his pocket. A bit of jealousy may have been at play as Du Ponceau, though he rarely studied, received all of the premiums at the end of each year. The disdain was mutual: Du Ponceau scorned his fellow students for their tendency to merely memorize and repeat their lessons.

Dissatisfied with the scholastic philosophy taught at the college, Du Ponceau left the school after eighteen months. Du Ponceau's mother wanted him to enter the priesthood. In an effort to persuade him, the priest reportedly evoked feelings of guilt and remorse by reminding Du Ponceau of his failure to cry at his father's death. Under the combined pressure of his mother and the unnamed priest, Du Ponceau agreed to enter the seminary under the condition that they would not require him to enter the priesthood after he completed his studies. He completed his studies, but did not enter the priesthood. Instead, at the age of 17, he set out for America with Baron von Steuben and served as Steuben's secretary in the Revolutionary army, with rank of captain, until illness forced his resignation in 1781. He settled in Philadelphia, where he studied law, was admitted to the bar, and established a law practice.

Elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1791, he served as secretary for and primary force behind the Society's Historical and Literary Committee. One of the most active committees in the Society's history, the Historical and Literary Committee provided much of the impetus for the early growth of the Society's Native American Indian linguistic collections. During Du Ponceau's tenure as secretary, the Committee laid the foundation for the Society's development into one of the premier centers for the study of Native American Indian languages.

A member of the Society during the era in which Thomas Jefferson served as president of the American Philosophical Society as well as president of the United States, Du Ponceau collaborated with Albert Gallatin on a volume of Indian vocabularies commissioned by Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson wished to demonstrate the relationships between Indian tribes based on the similarities or differences of their languages. Du Ponceau and Gallatin found that a correlation did exist between similarity of language and the length of time since the tribes had migrated to other regions.

His memoir on the grammatical system of the Indian languages (Mémoire sur le systeme grammatical des langues de quelques nations Indiennes de l'Amérique du Nord) won the Volney prize of the French Institute in 1835 and his writings continue to inspire scholars to this day. In addition to his works on Indian languages, Du Ponceau wrote on the Chinese system of writing, then largely a puzzle to most Europeans.

An active and influential scholar, Du Ponceau served, simultaneously at one point, as president of not only the American Philosophical Society, but also of the Athenaeum and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. During his years as president of the Society, from 1827 until his death in 1844, the Society expanded its linguistics collection to a degree not seen again until the 20th century.

From the guide to the Peter Stephen Du Ponceau letters, 1816-1822, to John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder, 1816-1822, (American Philosophical Society)

José Francisco Correia da Serra (1750–1823, APS 1812) was an abbot, diplomat, scholar and botanist. In his work as a botanist he was particularly concerned with the systematic classification of vegetable species. Thomas Jefferson described him as “profoundly learned in several branches of science he was so above all others in that of Botany; in which he preferred an amalgamation of the methods of Linnaeus [1707-1778, APS 1769] and of Jussieu [1686-1758] to either of them exclusively.” Correia spent many years of his life in France, England and the United States where he made the acquaintance of leading European and American intellectual leaders of the time.

Correia was born in Serpa, Portugal, to the physician and lawyer Luis Dias Correia and Francisca Luisa da Serra. In 1756 the family was forced to leave Portugal because the elder Correia’s scientific work had incurred the displeasure of the Holy Office. They settled in Naples, Italy, where the boy came under the tutelage of the abbé and university professor of “Commerce and mechanics” Antonio Genovesi (1712-1769), a major force in the Neapolitan Enlightenment. During this time Correia was also taught in natural history by the botanist Luis Antonio Verney (1713-1792). In 1772 Correia moved to Rome where he studied at the University and other institutions. By that time he was already corresponding with Carl Linnaeus, in Latin. He also made the acquaintance of Don John Carlos of Braganza, second Duke of Lafoens, a member of the Portuguese royal family. The Duke became Correia’s friend and patron.

In 1775 Correia was ordained a Presbyterian abbot; two years later he received the degree of Doctor of Laws. However, it was clear that Correia’s real interest was natural history, especially botany, and that he did not plan to pursue a life in the church. In fact, some of his biographers have suggested that he focused on ecclesiastical studies mainly in order to protect himself in his scientific work from potential suspicions by the Inquisition. Whatever the case, in early 1778 the young abbé, with encouragement from the duke, who hoped to encourage scientific research in Portugal, moved to Lisbon. There he turned his attention to scholarly pursuits and diplomacy.

Correia and the duke set out right away to organize the Royal Academy of Sciences of Lisbon, a learned institution that was dedicated to the advancement of science. Correia also conducted botanical research. He spent the period from 1786 to about 1788 outside of Portugal, and while his activities during this period remain unclear, there is evidence that he visited Rome. In the mid-1790s, after his return to his native country, he began the task of editing what would be the first three of five volumes of Colleccao de livros ineditos da historia Portugueza, an extensive collection of documents.

In 1795 political difficulties compelled Correia to leave Portugal. The Royal Academy and many of its members were viewed with suspicion by certain ecclesiastical groups, especially after Correia befriended the French naturalist and Girondist Peter Marie Auguste Broussonet (1761-1807), who had taken refuge in Portugal. Armed with letters of introduction to several British scientists, Correia traveled to London. He soon became the protégé of Sir Joseph Banks (1743-1820, APS 1787), president of the Royal Society, who facilitated Correia’s election to the Society. He also was welcomed by James Edward Smith (1759-1828, APS 1796), president of the Linnean Society. By then, Correia was already publishing on various natural science topics, especially botany, which contributed to his growing reputation as a naturalist.

For about one year during his residence in London, Correia also served as Secretary to the Portuguese embassy. However, tensions with the conservative Minister compelled him to depart from England in 1802. In the summer of that year, Correia moved to Paris. There he made the acquaintance of leading scientists and other public figures. The list includes Pierre Samuel Du Pont de Nemours (1739–1817, APS 1800), the Marquis de Lafayette (1757-1834, APS 1781), Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859, APS 1804), the French naturalist Georges Cuvier (1769-1832), Augustin Pyrame de Candolle (1778-1841, APS 1841), and André Thouin (1746-1824), superintendent of the Jardin du Roi, now known as Jardin des Plantes, in Paris. Correia also met Esther Delavigne, who eventually became his lover.

Of particular importance to Correia was his extensive correspondence with friends in Portugal that he maintained throughout his time in London, Paris and then the United States. Through his contact with them he hoped to bring the latest scientific ideas and discoveries to his mother country. His letters are filled with news of new vaccines, maritime maps, instruments, and anything else that he thought might serve to aid the progress of Portugal. Correia’s wide-ranging contacts with fellow botanists made him an important intermediary in the exchanges between naturalists in different parts of the world. In 1807 his own government recognized his contributions by making him a Knight of the Order of Christ.

Overall, Correia’s time in Paris was happy and fruitful. However, life as a liberal under Napoleon was not easy, and Correia soon began to explore the possibility of relocating once again, this time to the United States. Finally, in the winter of 1811, the abbé was aboard the U.S.S. Constitution, on his way to what would become a particularly interesting period in his life.

Correia arrived in Washington, D. C., in early 1812, and he did not lose time in making the acquaintance of leading Americans, including President James Madison. He was anxious to visit Thomas Jefferson but owing to the fact that Philadelphia was the intellectual center of the new nation, he decided to establish himself there first. His European friends had already announced Correia’s imminent arrival to several prominent Philadelphians, including the physicians Benjamin Rush (1745-1813, APS 1768) and Caspar Wistar (1761-1818, APS 1787), and John Vaughan (1756–1841, APS 1784), the treasurer and librarian of the American Philosophical Society. The abbé was elected a member of the Society in January of 1812, before his arrival in the city. He became close friends with Vaughan who soon handled his business affairs and advised him in all kinds of matters. Correia also got to know the botanist Henry Muhlenberg (1753-1815, APS 1785), who introduced him to the physician and botanist Jacob Bigelow (1787-1879, APS 1818). And he reconnected with several Philadelphians he knew from his time in Paris, including the lawyer and financier Nicholas Biddle (1786-1844, APS 1813), and William Short (1759-1849, APS 1804), Jefferson’s private secretary in Paris. Life in Philadelphia was clearly enjoyable for the Portuguese exile but he remained anxious to visit “the great the truly great Mr. Jefferson.” In July of 1813 he left for Virginia for the first of what would eventually be seven visits over a period of about eight years.

Jefferson had been introduced to Correia in glowing letters from Lafayette, Du Pont, Thouin, and Humboldt. It is not surprising, then, that Jefferson received the visitor with warmth and great expectations. They were not disappointed. Jefferson described his guest as “the best digest of science in books, men, and things that I have ever met with; and with these the most amiable and engaging character.” The room in which Correia stayed during his visits to Monticello, the North Square Room, is still known as the Abbé’s room. Correia spent much of his time in Virginia on rambles through the country, often in the company of Thomas Mann Randolph (1768-1828, APS 1794). His interest in natural history eventually also took him to Kentucky, Georgia and north to the Canadian border.

Through Jefferson, Correia made the acquaintance of Francis Walker Gilmer (1790-1826), a promising young man who readily accepted the abbé’s invitation to accompany him on his excursions. In 1816 President Madison asked the two men to deliver a letter from him to the agent of the Cherokee, in the southeastern United States. In the course of their journey through South Carolina and Georgia, they made extensive botanical notations, and Gilmer also recorded several pages of Cherokee vocabulary.

In 1816 Correia received news of his appointment as Portuguese minister-plenipotentiary at Washington, D. C. His expectation that this post would not interfere with his scientific pursuits turned out to be mistaken, even though he never spent more than half a year in the nation’s capital. From the start he was forced to deal with complaints about privateers flying foreign flags who were threatening the Portuguese colonies in South America. The fear was that these privateers, many of whom were American, could encourage and aid a rebellion in Brazil. Correia successfully lobbied the U. S. government for a Neutrality Act that was designed to curb these actions.

In the late 1810s, increasing worries about the turn of Portuguese-American affairs and serious health problems gradually made the abbé’s temper shorter and his spirits lower. He also ultimately became a severe critic of America and Americans, an attitude that contributed to his estrangement from some of his older American friends. However, he also found comfort in new relationships with, for example, the English-born chemist and lawyer Thomas Cooper (1759-1839, APS 1802). Most significantly, Edward Joseph, his fifteen-year old son with his lover Esther Delavigne arrived in the United States from Paris in 1818. Edward, who stayed with his father until their return to Europe, got to know many of his Philadelphia friends quite well. In 1820 father and son sailed from the United States for Portugal via London, a year after Correia had learned of his appointment as Counselor of State for Brazil. Correia spent the last three years of his life in Lisbon, “covered with honors,” as his son Edward wrote in a letter to John Vaughan. He died in Lisbon in 1823.

Correia published many essays and reports on botany in the leading European and American scientific journals of his time. His research centered on the systematic classification of vegetable species. In his work he attempted to apply the methods of compared anatomy of zoology to botany; he sought to group plants into families based on their similarities. His concept of symmetry was later adopted and developed by Candolle. While Correia was not “a member of every philosophical society in the world,” as his young protégé Gilmer wrote enthusiastically in a letter to his brother, he did belong to numerous learned societies. They included the Royal Society, the Linnean Society, the Academy of Science of Paris, and the Société Philomatique. He also offered several courses in botany at the American Philosophical Society.

From the guide to the José Francisco Correia da Serra papers, 1772-1827, 1772-1827, (American Philosophical Society)

Born at St-Martin de Ré, France, on June, 1760, Du Ponceau received his education at a Benedictine college, where he demonstrated a facility for languages. His uncommon knowledge of English led to ridicule by his schoolmates, who nicknamed him L'Anglois for his habit of carrying around an English Classic in his pocket. A bit of jealousy may have been at play as Du Ponceau, though he rarely studied, received all of the premiums at the end of each year. The disdain was mutual: Du Ponceau scorned his fellow students for their tendency to merely memorize and repeat their lessons.

Dissatisfied with the scholastic philosophy taught at the college, Du Ponceau left the school after eighteen months. Du Ponceau's mother wanted him to enter the priesthood. In an effort to persuade him, the priest reportedly evoked feelings of guilt and remorse by reminding Du Ponceau of his failure to cry at his father's death. Under the combined pressure of his mother and the unnamed priest, Du Ponceau agreed to enter the seminary under the condition that they would not require him to enter the priesthood after he completed his studies. He completed his studies, but did not enter the priesthood. Instead, at the age of 17, he set out for America with Baron von Steuben and served as Steuben's secretary in the Revolutionary army, with rank of captain, until illness forced his resignation in 1781. He settled in Philadelphia, where he studied law, was admitted to the bar, and established a law practice.

Elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1791, he served as secretary for and primary force behind the Society's Historical and Literary Committee. One of the most active committees in the Society's history, the Historical and Literary Committee provided much of the impetus for the early growth of the Society's Native American Indian linguistic collections. During Du Ponceau's tenure as secretary, the Committee laid the foundation for the Society's development into one of the premier centers for the study of Native American Indian languages.

A member of the Society during the era in which Thomas Jefferson served as president of the American Philosophical Society as well as president of the United States, Du Ponceau collaborated with Albert Gallatin on a volume of Indian vocabularies commissioned by Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson wished to demonstrate the relationships between Indian tribes based on the similarities or differences of their languages. DuPonceau and Gallatin found that a correlation did exist between similarity of language and the length of time since the tribes had migrated to other regions.

His memoir on the grammatical system of the Indian languages (Mémoire sur le systeme grammatical des langues de quelques nations Indiennes de l'Amérique du Nord) won the Volney prize of the French Institute in 1835 and his writings continue to inspire scholars to this day. In addition to his works on Indian languages, Du Ponceau wrote on the Chinese system of writing, then largely a puzzle to most Europeans.

An active and influential scholar, Du Ponceau served, simultaneously at one point, as president of not only the American Philosophical Society, but also of the Athenaeum and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. During his years as president of the Society, from 1827 until his death in 1844, the Society expanded its linguistics collection to a degree not seen again until the 20th century.

From the guide to the Peter Stephen Du Ponceau Collection, 1781-1844, (American Philosophical Society)

Born at St-Martin de Ré, France, on June, 1760, Du Ponceau received his education at a Benedictine college, where he demonstrated a facility for languages. His uncommon knowledge of English led to ridicule by his schoolmates, who nicknamed him L'Anglois for his habit of carrying around an English Classic in his pocket. A bit of jealousy may have been at play as Du Ponceau, though he rarely studied, received all of the premiums at the end of each year. The disdain was mutual: Du Ponceau scorned his fellow students for their tendency to merely memorize and repeat their lessons.

Dissatisfied with the scholastic philosophy taught at the college, Du Ponceau left the school after eighteen months. Du Ponceau's mother wanted him to enter the priesthood. In an effort to persuade him, the priest reportedly evoked feelings of guilt and remorse by reminding Du Ponceau of his failure to cry at his father's death. Under the combined pressure of his mother and the unnamed priest, DuPonceau agreed to enter the seminary under the condition that they would not require him to enter the priesthood after he completed his studies. He completed his studies, but did not enter the priesthood. Instead, at the age of 17, he set out for America with Baron von Steuben and served as Steuben's secretary in the Revolutionary army, with rank of captain, until illness forced his resignation in 1781. He settled in Philadelphia, where he studied law, was admitted to the bar, and established a law practice.

Elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1791, he served as secretary for and primary force behind the Society's Historical and Literary Committee. One of the most active committees in the Society's history, the Historical and Literary Committee provided much of the impetus for the early growth of the Society's Native American Indian linguistic collections. During DuPonceau's tenure as secretary, the Committee laid the foundation for the Society's development into one of the premier centers for the study of Native American Indian languages.

A member of the Society during the era in which Thomas Jefferson served as president of the American Philosophical Society as well as president of the United States, Du Ponceau collaborated with Albert Gallatin on a volume of Indian vocabularies commissioned by Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson wished to demonstrate the relationships between Indian tribes based on the similarities or differences of their languages. DuPonceau and Gallatin found that a correlation did exist between similarity of language and the length of time since the tribes had migrated to other regions.

His memoir on the grammatical system of the Indian languages (Mémoire sur le systeme grammatical des langues de quelques nations Indiennes de l'Amérique du Nord) won the Volney prize of the French Institute in 1835 and his writings continue to inspire scholars to this day. In addition to his works on Indian languages, DuPonceau wrote on the Chinese system of writing, then largely a puzzle to most Europeans.

An active and influential scholar, Du Ponceau served, simultaneously at one point, as president of not only the American Philosophical Society, but also of the Athenaeum and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. During his years as president of the Society, from 1827 until his death in 1844, the Society expanded its linguistics collection to a degree not seen again until the 20th century.

From the guide to the Peter Stephen Du Ponceau commonplace book, 1820, 1820, (American Philosophical Society)

Born at St-Martin de Ré, France, on June, 1760, Du Ponceau received his education at a Benedictine college, where he demonstrated a facility for languages. His uncommon knowledge of English led to ridicule by his schoolmates, who nicknamed him L'Anglois for his habit of carrying around an English Classic in his pocket. A bit of jealousy may have been at play as Du Ponceau, though he rarely studied, received all of the premiums at the end of each year. The disdain was mutual: Du Ponceau scorned his fellow students for their tendency to merely memorize and repeat their lessons.

Dissatisfied with the scholastic philosophy taught at the college, Du Ponceau left the school after eighteen months. Du Ponceau's mother wanted him to enter the priesthood. In an effort to persuade him, the priest reportedly evoked feelings of guilt and remorse by reminding Du Ponceau of his failure to cry at his father's death. Under the combined pressure of his mother and the unnamed priest, Du Ponceau agreed to enter the seminary under the condition that they would not require him to enter the priesthood after he completed his studies. He completed his studies, but did not enter the priesthood. Instead, at the age of 17, he set out for America with Baron von Steuben and served as Steuben's secretary in the Revolutionary army, with rank of captain, until illness forced his resignation in 1781. He settled in Philadelphia, where he studied law, was admitted to the bar, and established a law practice.

Elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1791, he served as secretary for and primary force behind the Society's Historical and Literary Committee. One of the most active committees in the Society's history, the Historical and Literary Committee provided much of the impetus for the early growth of the Society's Native American Indian linguistic collections. During Du Ponceau's tenure as secretary, the Committee laid the foundation for the Society's development into one of the premier centers for the study of Native American Indian languages.

A member of the Society during the era in which Thomas Jefferson served as president of the American Philosophical Society as well as president of the United States, Du Ponceau collaborated with Albert Gallatin on a volume of Indian vocabularies commissioned by Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson wished to demonstrate the relationships between Indian tribes based on the similarities or differences of their languages. DuPonceau and Gallatin found that a correlation did exist between similarity of language and the length of time since the tribes had migrated to other regions.

His memoir on the grammatical system of the Indian languages (Mémoire sur le systeme grammatical des langues de quelques nations Indiennes de l'Amérique du Nord) won the Volney prize of the French Institute in 1835 and his writings continue to inspire scholars to this day. In addition to his works on Indian languages, DuPonceau wrote on the Chinese system of writing, then largely a puzzle to most Europeans.

An active and influential scholar, Du Ponceau served, simultaneously at one point, as president of not only the American Philosophical Society, but also of the Athenaeum and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. During his years as president of the Society, from 1827 until his death in 1844, the Society expanded its linguistics collection to a degree not seen again until the 20th century.

From the guide to the Peter Stephen Du Ponceau notebooks on philology, [1815-1834], Circa 1815-1834, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Peter Stephen Du Ponceau commonplace book, 1820, 1820 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Coates, Samuel, 1748-1830. Account and memoranda books, 1785-1830. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn John Vaughan papers, 1768 - Circa 1936, 1768 - Circa 1936 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Monroe, James, 1758-1831. Letter, 1822 September 30, to John Mason, Georgetown, D.C. Connecticut Historical Society
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. ALS : Philadelphia, to Dolley Madison, 1836 July 16. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Jared Sparks selected papers, 1819-1863 Franklin Bache S. D. Bradford William Duane Peter S. Du Ponceau J. Francis Fisher George Gibbs Henry D. Gilpin Edward D. Ingraham James Mease William B. Reed Henry Stevens, Sr. Henry Stevens, Jr. Benjamin Vaughan Petty Vaughan William Vaughan There are also extracts from Sparks's journal, 1831-1841, relating to his Franklin researches. Table of contents (11 pp.). (Film 570), 1819-1863 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Indian vocabularies, 1820-1844. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844,. James Monroe and John Randolph of Roanoke collection [manuscript], 1811-1831. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIc, 1826-1836 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Dutilh family. Dutilh family business records, 1770-1861, bulk 1780-1810. University of Delaware Library, Hugh M Morris Library
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. ALS : Philadelphia, to Alexander James Dallas, 1815 May 30. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Papers, 1663-1844 (inclusive), 1781-1844 (bulk). Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Notebooks on philology [microform] / Peter Stephen Du Ponceau. Newberry Library
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. ALS : Philadelphia, to Alexander James Dallas, 1815 Jan. 24. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Peter Stephen Du Ponceau letters, 1801-1843, to Albert Gallatin., 1801-1843 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Letter, 1804. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Sampson, William, 1764-1836. Papers of William Sampson, 1806-1849 (bulk 1816-1849) Library of Congress
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. A comparative vocabulary of Indian languages, [n.d.]. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. ALS : Philadelphia, to Alexander James Dallas, 1815 Feb. 17. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Letter : Philadelphia, [Pa.], to Lewis [i.e. Louis] Le Couteulx, 1803 Feb. 27. Newberry Library
referencedIn Sergeant, John, 1779-1852. ALS : Washington, D.C., to Peter S. Du Ponceau, 1815 Dec. 21. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIb, 1807-1825 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Book of Discipline, 1719 (1820) American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Correia da Serra, José Francisco, 1750-1823. Papers, 1772-1823 (bulk). American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Notebooks on philology, [n.d.]. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Duponceau papers, 1781-1845. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Hopkinson, Joseph, 1770-1842. Letter to Peter S. DuPonceau. Washington, DC. 1818 Dec. 7. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834. Letter : Paris, to [Peter Stephen Du Ponceau, Philadelphia], 1831 Mar. 14. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Torrey, John,. Autograph letters, 1744-1894, of naturalists. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Essai de solution du problème philologique proposé en l'année 1823 par la commission de l'Institut de France, 1823. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Peter Stephen Du Ponceau Collection, 1781-1844 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Letters, 1801-1843, to Albert Gallatin. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Selected papers, [ca. 1819-1863], relating to Benjamin Franklin. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Papers, 1786-1842. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Law Academy of Philadelphia. Opinion book A: opinions delivered before the Law Academy of Philadelphia by the provost and vice provost, 1820-1822. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834. Letter : Paris, to [Peter Stephen Duponceau, Philadelphia], 1831 Mar. 14. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIa, 1743-1806 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Peter Stephen Du Ponceau notebooks on philology, [1815-1834], Circa 1815-1834 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn William Sampson Papers, 1806-1849, (bulk 1816-1849) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Foulke, William Parker, 1816-1865. Papers, ca. 1840-1865. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Laws of neutrality, 1775 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Gibson, James. Papers, 1712-1846. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn A grammar of the language of the Lenni Lennape, or Delaware Indians, [1816], Circa 1816 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Thomas Jefferson papers, 1775-1825, 1775-1825 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827. Letterbooks, 1767-1827. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Kirby, Thomas Austin. Thomas Austin Kirby papers, 1932-1988. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Rauschardt, Felix Hannibal. Arithmetica decimalis oder rechenkunst der geometrischen zehen theiligen ruthen, [and] Tractatus von der fortification, 1648-1649. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823. Names which the Lenni Lenape...had given to rivers, streams, places, &c., 1822. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834. Autograph signature to letter : to Peter DuPonceau, 1834 Apr. 23. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Conjugation of the verb "to hear" in its various forms in the Chippeway language, [ca. 1833], Circa 1833 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Monroe, James, 1758-1831. Financial records : of James Monroe, 1809-1831, n.d. James Monroe Museum & Memorial Library
referencedIn Speculation Land Company. Speculation Land Company records, 1796-1909 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIj, 1898-1988 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Samuel George Morton Papers, 1819-1850 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Paine, Robert Treat, 1866-. Family papers, 1754-1901. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Rush, Samuel, 1795-1859. Occasional glimpses at the world, 1824. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Robbins, Christine Chapman,. Materials for a biography, [ca. 1946-1962], of David Hosack. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Rush, Richard, 1780-1859. Autograph letters signed (2) : Washington, to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau, 1826 July 22 and 1827 Dec. 3. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Miscellaneous manuscripts, after 1770. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Autograph letters of naturalists, 1744-1894, 1744-1894 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Ingersoll, Charles Jared, 1782-1862. Autograph letter signed : Harrisburg, to Mr. Du Ponceau in Philadelphia, 1837 May 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Historical and Literary Committee, American Indian Vocabulary Collection, 1784-1828 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter S. (Peter Stephen), 1760-1844. Peter S. DuPonceau diary, 1777-1778. Historical Society of Delaware
creatorOf Alexander, J. H. (John Henry), 1812-1867. Delaware language dictionary, 1856. Maryland Historical Society
referencedIn Occasional glimpses at the world, 1824, 1824 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Letter, 1825 February 26, Philadelphia, to George Ticknor, Boston. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf American Philosophical Society. American Philosophical Society selected records, 1784-1954. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Orderly books collection, 1758-1813. Gadsden Public Library
creatorOf Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848,. Correspondence of Thomas Jefferson [manuscript], 1814-1826. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Sea terms in different languages, [n.d.]. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834. Autograph letters signed (3) : to Peter DuPonceau, 1833 Mar. 29 to Aug. 19. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Alexander von Humboldt papers, 1801-1859, 1793-1859 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Morris, Lewis, 1671-1746. Morris and Popham families papers, 1669-1892 (bulk 1750-1850). Library of Congress
creatorOf Hoffman, David, 1784-1854. Autograph letter signed : Baltimore, to Peter Du Ponceau in Philadelphia, 1819 Jan. 19. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Humboldt, Alexander von, 1769-1859. Papers, 1801-1859. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolph Gerhard Augustin, Baron von, 1730-1794. Letter, [1781] Aout [August] 29, Charlottesville [Va.] to [Pierre Etienne] Duponceau, Philadelphie [Philadelphia, Pa.] William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Indian vocabularies, collected September 1820 [microform]. Newberry Library
creatorOf Eliot, John, 1604-1690. Natick Indian grammar, 1666. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Miscellaneous letters, 1744-1894. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter to Peter S. Du Ponceau, 1820 December 28. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Sea terms in different languages, [n.d.], n.d. American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Letter, 1836 May 23, Philadelphia, to R. Walsh [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Hassler, F. R. (Ferdinand Rudolph), 1770-1843. Papers of c [manuscript], 1806-1847. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Shackelford, George Green,. Papers collected by George Green Shackelford, 1714-1835. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Eccles family. Eccles family papers, 1783-1968 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Peter S. Du Ponceau Papers. 1787-1844 (inclusive). Porterville Public Library
referencedIn Vocabulaire Chacta, 1820 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Letters, 1816-1822. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf James, Edwin, 1797-1861. Conjugation of the verb "to hear" in its various forms in the Chippeway language, [ca. 1833]. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to L.H. Girardin, 1821 Nov. 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Rauschardt, Felix Hannibal. Arithmetica decimalis oder rechenkunst der geometrischen zehen theiligen ruthen, [and] Tractatus von der fortification, 1648-1649. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin, Baron von, 1730-1794. Letters, 1777-1837 (inclusive), 1777-1791, 1835, 1837 (bulk). Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Carey, Lea & Blanchard. Correspondence, 1823-1849. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Vater, Johann Severin, 1771-1826. An enquiry into the origin of the population of America from the old continent, [ca. 1820]. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn George William Featherstonhaugh papers, 1809-1840, 1809-1840 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Dutilh family business records, 1770–1861, 1780–1810 University of Delaware Library - Special Collections
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to I.K. Tefft, 1833 Dec. 16. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Opinion book A: opinions delivered before the Law Academy of Philadelphia by the provost and vice provost, 1820-1822, 1820-1822 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Gérard de Rayneval, J.-M. (Joseph-Mathias), 1736-1812. On the freedom of the seas, [n.d.]. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823. Letters, 1816-1822, to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf On the freedom of the seas, [n.d.], n.d. American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Selected papers, [ca. 1819-1863], relating to Benjamin Franklin, Circa 1819-1963 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Miscellaneous letters, 1744-1894. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf José Francisco Correia da Serra papers, 1772-1827, 1772-1827 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Commonplace book, 1820. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IId, 1837-1844 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Letters, 1816-1822, to John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Essai de solution du problème philologique proposé en l'année 1823 par la commission de l'Institut de France, 1823, 1823 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn A comparative vocabulary of Indian languages, 1798-1821 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Ingersoll, Charles Jared, 1782-1862. Papers, 1803-1862. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Materials for a biography, [ca. 1946-1962], of David Hosack, Circa 1946-1962 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Zeisberger, David, 1721-1808. A grammar of the language of the Lenni Lennape, or Delaware Indians, [1816]. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn An enquiry into the origin of the population of America from the old continent, [ca. 1820], Circa 1820 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Letters and autograph, 1791-1844. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn Dutilh & Wachsmuth (Philadelphia, Pa.). Records, 1772-1875. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives, 1743-1984 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851. Papers, 1785-1851. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Peter Stephen Du Ponceau letters, 1816-1822, to John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder, 1816-1822 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Vocabularia variarum linguarum Americanarum, 1708 (1822) American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Charles Willson Peale letterbooks, 1767-1827, 1767-1827 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Marquis de Lafayette Reception papers, 1824. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Memoria sobre o valor das moedas, 1833 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Peale-Sellers Family Collection, 1686-1963, 1686-1963 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Townsend, John Kirk, 1809-1851. Vocabularies of some of the Indian tribes of N. Western America : manuscript notebooks, 1835 September. Library of Congress
referencedIn Featherstonhaugh, George William, 1780-1866. Papers, 1809-1840. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to Virgil David, n.p., 1836 Mar. 25. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters, 1816-1822, to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau, 1816-1822 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn George Ord Collection, 1831-1864 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. Lewis Cass papers, 1774-1924. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Autograph File, D, 1586-1975. Houghton Library.
referencedIn New Sweden Records, 1650-1655 (1820) American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Indian vocabularies, 1820-1844, 1820-1844 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn William N. Fenton Papers, ca. 1933-2000 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Peter Stephen Du Ponceau correspondence, 1783-1804. Library of Congress
referencedIn Morton, Samuel George, 1799-1851. Papers, 1819-1850. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Names which the Lenni Lenape...had given to rivers, streams, places, etc., 1822, 1822 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn William Parker Foulke Papers, 1840-1865, 1840-1865 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Papers, 1775-1825. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to an unidentified correspondent, 1831 Apr. 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Samuel Coates account and memoranda books, 1785-1830, 1785-1830 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Autograph letters signed (5) : Philadelphia, to Henry Wheaton, 1816 June 3-1828 June 3. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Gallatin, Albert, 1761-1849. Papers, 1258-1947 (bulk 1780-1849). Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Arithmetica decimalis oder rechenkunst der geometrischen zehen theiligen ruthen, [and] Tractatus von der fortification, 1648-1649, 1648-1649 American Philosophical Society
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. corporateBody
associatedWith Adams, John, 1735-1826 person
associatedWith Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848 person
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Alexander, J. H. (John Henry), 1812-1867. person
associatedWith American Historical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. Historical & Literary Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Anonymous person
associatedWith Azambuja, Jacob Frederico Torlade Pereira de person
associatedWith Bache, Franklin, 1792-1864 person
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, 1743-1820 person
associatedWith Barnet, I. Cox (Isaac Cox), d. 1833, person
associatedWith Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. person
associatedWith Beaumont, Gustave de, 1802-1866. person
associatedWith Bradford, Samuel Dexter person
associatedWith Bréard-Neuville, Pierre Antoine Sulpice de, 1748-1818. person
associatedWith Breck, Samuel, 1771-1862 person
associatedWith Brose, William person
associatedWith Burd, Edward Shippen, 1779-1848. person
associatedWith Carey, Lea & Blanchard. corporateBody
associatedWith Carr, Frank person
associatedWith Chamberlain, Jason person
associatedWith Chandler, Peleg W. (Peleg Whitman), 1816-1889. person
associatedWith Clinton, DeWitt, 1769-1828. person
associatedWith Coates, Samuel, 1748-1830. person
associatedWith Collins, Zaccheus, 1764-1831 person
associatedWith Coodey, W. S. person
associatedWith Cooper, James Fenimore, 1789-1851. person
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Corrêa da Serra, Edward J. person
associatedWith Correia da Serra, José Francisco, 1750-1823. person
associatedWith Coxe, Paul person
associatedWith Dallas, Alexander James, 1759-1817, person
associatedWith Dauxion Lavaysse, J. -J. (Jean-J.), ca. 1770-1826 person
associatedWith Davesan, Auguste person
associatedWith David, Virgil. person
associatedWith Davis, Richard Beale person
associatedWith Dickinson, Asa Don, 1876-1960. person
associatedWith Duane, William, 1760-1835 person
associatedWith DuPonceau, Peter S. (Peter Stephen), 1760-1844 person
associatedWith Du Pont de Nemours family family
associatedWith DuPont de Nemours, Pierre Samuel person
associatedWith Du Pont de Nemours, Pierre Samuel, 1739-1817 person
associatedWith Du Pont family family
associatedWith Dutilh family. family
associatedWith Dutilh family. family
associatedWith Dutilh, Stephen person
associatedWith Dutilh, Stephen person
associatedWith Dutilh, Stephen. person
associatedWith Dutilh & Wachsmuth (Philadelphia, Pa.) corporateBody
associatedWith Eccles family. family
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Eliot, John, 1604-1690. person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Featherstonhaugh, George William, 1780-1866. person
associatedWith Fenton, William N., (William Nelson), 1908-2005 person
associatedWith Findley, James person
associatedWith Fiorelli, Henry person
associatedWith Fisher, J. Francis, (Joshua Francis), 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Follen, Charles, 1796-1840 person
associatedWith Foulke, William Parker, 1816-1865. person
associatedWith Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790 person
associatedWith Galiani, Ferdinando, 1728-1787 person
associatedWith Gallatin, Albert, 1761-1849. person
associatedWith Garrigues, Samuel. person
associatedWith Garrigues, Samuel. family
associatedWith Gérard de Rayneval, J.-M. (Joseph-Mathias), 1736-1812. person
associatedWith Gibbs, George person
associatedWith Gibson, James person
associatedWith Gibson, James. person
associatedWith Gilmer, Francis Walker, 1790-1826 person
associatedWith Gilpin, Henry D. (Henry Dilworth), 1801-1860 person
associatedWith Girardin, Louis Hue, 1771-1825, person
associatedWith Girard, John person
associatedWith Girard, John. person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Harris, Levett person
associatedWith Hassler, F. R. (Ferdinand Rudolph), 1770-1843. person
associatedWith Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823. person
associatedWith Hembel, William person
associatedWith Historical Society of Pennsylvania. corporateBody
associatedWith Hodgson, William B. person
associatedWith Hoffman, David, 1784-1854. person
associatedWith Holker, John person
associatedWith Holker, John. person
associatedWith Hopkinson, Joseph, 1770-1842. person
associatedWith Humboldt, Alexander von, 1769-1859. person
associatedWith Hunter, John Dunn, 1798? -1827 person
associatedWith Ingersoll, Charles Jared, 1782-1862. person
associatedWith Ingraham, Edward D., (Edward Duncan), 1793-1854 person
associatedWith Institut de France. corporateBody
associatedWith Institut de France. Bibliothèque person
associatedWith James, Edwin, 1797-1861. person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844, person
associatedWith Jullien, Marc-Antoine, 1775-1848 person
associatedWith Keating, William Hypolitus, 1799-1840 person
associatedWith Kent, James, 1763-1847. person
associatedWith Kirby, Thomas Austin. person
associatedWith Kraitsir, Charles V., 1804-1860 person
associatedWith Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves, marquis de, 1757-1834 person
associatedWith Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834. person
associatedWith Law Academy of Philadelphia. corporateBody
associatedWith Lawrenceville Lyceum. corporateBody
correspondedWith Le Couteulx, Louis Stephen, 1756-1839 person
associatedWith Levasseur, Auguste, person
associatedWith Linnaeus, Carl person
associatedWith Livingston, Edward, 1764-1836, person
associatedWith Livingston, Robert, 1746-1813. person
associatedWith Logan, Deborah Norris, 1761-1839 person
associatedWith Logan, George, 1753-1821 person
associatedWith Logan, James, 1674-1751. person
associatedWith Logan, Mrs. D eborah Norris . person
associatedWith Longchamps, Charles Julian de. person
associatedWith Longchamps, Charles Julian de. family
associatedWith Lovell, James, 1737-1814 person
associatedWith Madison, Dolley, 1768-1849, person
associatedWith Madison, James, 1751-1836. person
associatedWith Maltenberger, M. B. person
associatedWith Maltenberger, M. B, _____ and _____ person
associatedWith Marshall, John, 1755-1835. person
associatedWith Massachusetts Historical Society corporateBody
associatedWith Massias, Nicolas, Baron, 1764-1848. person
associatedWith McKean, Thomas, 1734-1817 person
associatedWith Mease, James, 1771-1846 person
associatedWith Meredith, William, 1772-1844 person
associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831. person
associatedWith Morton, Samuel George, 1799-1851. person
associatedWith Muhlenberg, Gotthilf Henrich Ernst, 1753-1815 person
associatedWith Nancrede, Joseph G. (Joseph Guerard), 1793-1857. person
associatedWith Newberry Library. corporateBody
associatedWith New Sweden Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Nuttall, Thomas, 1786-1859 person
associatedWith Ogilby, Joseph person
associatedWith Ord, George, 1781-1866 person
associatedWith Paine, Robert Treat, 1866- person
associatedWith Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827. person
associatedWith Peale-Sellers families. person
associatedWith Penn, William, 1644-1718. person
associatedWith Peters, Richard, 1743-1828 person
associatedWith Peyre, Antoine Marie, 1770-1843, person
associatedWith Philadelphia. Select Council. person
associatedWith Pickering, Edward C., (Edward Charles), 1846-1919 person
associatedWith Pickering, John, 1777-1846. person
associatedWith Pikney, William person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851. person
associatedWith Polk, William person
associatedWith Prescott, William Hickling, 1796-1859 person
associatedWith Rademaker, Joseph person
associatedWith Rafinesque, C. S., (Constantine Samuel ), 1783-1840 person
associatedWith Raguet, Claude P. person
associatedWith Raguet, Claude P. person
associatedWith Rauschardt, Felix Hannibal. person
associatedWith Rauschardt, Felix Hannibal. person
associatedWith Rawle, William, 1759-1836 person
associatedWith Reed, William B., (William Bradford), 1806-1876 person
associatedWith Reland, Adriaan, 1676-1718 person
associatedWith Robbins, Christine Chapman person
associatedWith Robbins, Christine Chapman, person
associatedWith Roux de Rochelle, 1762-1849 person
associatedWith Rush, Richard, 1780-1859. person
associatedWith Rush, Samuel, 1795-1859. person
associatedWith Sampson, William, 1764-1836. person
associatedWith Say, Benjamin, 1755-1813 person
associatedWith Seckendorff, Baron de person
associatedWith Sergeant, John, 1779-1852. person
associatedWith Shackelford, George Green, person
associatedWith Shaeffer, F. R. person
associatedWith Shaeffer, Frederick Christian person
associatedWith Silliman, Benjamin, Sr., 1779-1864 person
associatedWith Skipwith, Fulwar, 1765-1839 person
associatedWith Smith, James Edward, Sir, 1759-1828 person
associatedWith Society of Friends. Philadelphia Yearly Meeting corporateBody
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. person
associatedWith Speculation Land Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin, Baron von, 1730-1794. person
associatedWith Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolph Gerhard Augustin, Baron von, 1730-1794. person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
associatedWith Tefft, Isaac Keech, 1794-1862, person
associatedWith Ticknor, George, 1791-1871. person
associatedWith Tilghman, Edward, 1750-1815 person
associatedWith Tilghman, William, 1756-1827. person
associatedWith Tocqueville, Alexis de, 1805-1859. person
associatedWith Torrey, John, person
associatedWith Torrey, John, 1796-1873 person
associatedWith Townsend, John Kirk, 1809-1851. person
associatedWith Tyson, Job R. person
associatedWith United States. Continental Army corporateBody
associatedWith University of Chicago. Library. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Chicago. Library. Special Collections Research Center. corporateBody
associatedWith Vasques, Joaquim Joze person
associatedWith Vater, Johann Severin, 1771-1826. person
associatedWith Vaughan, Benjamin, 1751-1835 person
associatedWith Vaughan, John, 1756-1841 person
associatedWith Vaughan, Petty, 1788-1854 person
associatedWith Vaughan, William person
associatedWith Vaux, Roberts, 1786-1836, person
associatedWith Volney, C.-F (Constantin-François), 1757-1820. person
associatedWith Volney, C. -F., (Constantin François), 1757-1820 person
associatedWith Wachsmuth, John Gottfried person
associatedWith Walsh, Robert. person
associatedWith Walsh, Robert, 1784-1859. person
associatedWith Washington, Bushrod, 1762-1829. person
associatedWith Washington, George, 1732-1799 person
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Watson, Ebenezer person
associatedWith Wheaton, Henry, 1785-1848, person
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Wilson, Alexander, 1766-1813 person
associatedWith Wistar, Caspar, 1761-1818 person
associatedWith Zeisberger, David, 1721-1808. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Poland
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
France
Philadelphia (Pa.)
France
Philadelphia (Pa.). Select Council.
United States
Paris (France)
United States
Pennsylvania--Philadelphia County
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Belgium
Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Alabama
United States
Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
France
Valley Forge (Pa.)
Subject
Business and Skilled Trades
Law
War, Maritime (International law)
Pennsylvania History
Science--Societies, etc
Language and Linguistics
Language and languages
Literature, Arts, and Culture
Delaware language
Arabic language
Indians of South America--Languages
Merchant mariners--United States
Indians of North America--Languages
Native America
Greek language
Claims--History--19th century--Sources
Prisons
International trade
Quakers
Law--United States--History--19th century
Diplomatic History
Turkic languages
Indemnity--History--19th century--Sources
Silk
Admiralty--United States
Philology
Indians of North American--Languages
Revolutions
Maritime law--United States
Business
Linguistics
Beyond Early America
Maritime law
Polynesian languages
Natural history
Trade
Courts--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia County
Neutrality
Courts
Quakers--Pennsylvania
Freedom of the seas
Silk industry
International affairs
Debt, imprisonment for
Manuscripts, American
Learned institutions and societies--History--19th century
Occupation
Lawyers
Authors
Lawyers--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Compilers
Function

Person

Birth 1760-06-03

Death 1844-04-02

Americans

English,

Russian,

French

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mp54tm

Ark ID: w6mp54tm

SNAC ID: 22586181