Short, William, 1759-1849

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William Short was born in Surry County, Virginia, in 1759, the son of William Short and Elizabeth (Skipwith) Short. He graduated in 1779 from the College of William and Mary where he had been one of the founders of Phi Beta Kappa. He acted as Thomas Jefferson's private secretary in Paris and as secretary of legation and charge d'affairs. He was minister to The Hague. He participated in negotiations of the Pinchney Treaty with Spain. Short died in 1849.

From the guide to the William Short Papers, [1772], 1789-1847, 1931., (Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary)

American diplomat. While serving as charge d'affaires in France from 1789-1792, he became an admirer of the duchesse de La Rochefoucauld. He wished to marry her after her husband was assassinated in 1792, but she refused in order to care for her mother-in-law, with whom she was soon imprisoned for a time by the Revolutionary authorities. Short continued to correspond with her for nearly fifty years; he never married.

From the description of ALS : Madrid, to James Monroe, Paris, 1794 Oct. 7. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122525144

Diplomat.

From the description of ALS : to an unidentified correspondent, [s.d.]. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122365135

William Short was born in Surry Co., Va., the son of William Short and Elizabeth (Skipwith) Short. He graduated in 1779 from the College of William and Mary where he had been one of the founders of Phi Beta Kappa. He acted as Thomas Jefferson's private secretary in Paris and as secretary of legation and charge d'affaires. He was minister to The Hague. He participated in negotiations of Pinckney Treaty with Spain. He died in 1849.

From the description of William and Peyton Short Papers, 1783-1825. (College of William & Mary). WorldCat record id: 20506579

William Short was born in Surry County, Va., the son of William Short and Elizabeth (Skipwith) Short. He graduated in 1779 from the College of William and Mary where he had been one of the founders of Phi Beta Kappa. He acted as Thomas Jefferson's private secretary in Paris and as secretary of legation and charge d'affaires. He was minister to the Hague. He participated in negotiations of the Pinckney Treaty with Spain. Short died in 1849.

From the description of Papers, 1772-1931, 1772-1847. (College of William & Mary). WorldCat record id: 22923039

Secretary to President Thomas Jefferson, diplomat, and landowner.

From the description of William Short papers, 1778-1853. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70979921

William Short was a diplomat, and was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1804.

From the description of Correspondence, 1787-1838. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122440497

Maryland's William Short (1759-1849) and Virginia's William Carmichael (d. 1795) served as the United States' diplomats in Spain from 1792 to 1795. Short previously served as Thomas Jefferson's secretary in Paris, negotiated the 1786 Prussian treaty, acted as the main diplomat in Paris after Jefferson returned to the U.S. in 1789, and been U.S. minister to the Netherlands. Short was superseded by Thomas Pinckney in Spain.

Short and Carmichael's work in Spain laid the groundwork for the 1795 Treaty of San Lorenzo, usually known as "Pinckney's Treaty," in which Spain agreed to the American version of the boundary between the United States and Louisiana, to open the Mississippi River to American navigation since Spain owned the western bank, and to grant Americans the right to store exports and carry on commercial transactions in New Orleans.

From the description of William Short-William Carmichael diplomatic papers, 1793-1794. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 261224836

Biographical Note

  • 1759, Sept. 30: Born, Surry County, Va.
  • 1776: Founder with others of Phi Beta Kappa (president, 1778-1781)
  • 1779: Graduated, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Va.
  • 1783 - 1784 : Member, Executive Council of Virginia
  • 1785 - 1789 : Private secretary to Thomas Jefferson and later secretary of American legation, Paris, France
  • 1789 - 1792 : Chargé d’affaires, Paris, France
  • 1790: Commissioned by Alexander Hamilton to handle debt funding
  • 1792 - 1793 : Minister at Hague, Netherlands
  • 1793 - 1795 : Joint commissioner with William Carmichael and later minister resident, Madrid, Spain
  • 1795 - 1802 : Resided in Paris, France
  • 1802: Returned to the United States
  • 1809: Appointment as minister to Russia rejected by the U.S. Senate
  • 1809 - 1810 : Resided in Paris, France
  • 1810: Established residence in Philadelphia, Pa.
  • 1810 - 1849 : Amassed a fortune through investments and extensive land purchases
  • 1849, Dec. 5: Died, Philadelphia, Pa.

From the guide to the William Short Papers, 1778-1853, (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

William Short (1759-1849, APS 1804) was a diplomat. He was Thomas Jefferson’s secretary in Paris (1785-1792) before serving as resident minister to The Hague (1792-1793) and treaty commissioner in Spain (1793-1795). A native of Virginia, he spent the last four decades of his life in Philadelphia, where he devoted his time to philanthropy and the management of his investments.

Short was born in 1759 in Surry County, Virginia. He was the oldest son of the Virginia planter William Short and his wife Elizabeth Skipwith Short. In 1635 his great-great grandfather, also named William, had immigrated to Virginia as an indentured servant. By the eighteenth century, the Shorts were a prominent and wealthy Virginia family.

William Short attended a private school in Petersburg, Virginia, before enrolling at the College of William and Mary. He was an early member and president of Phi Beta Kappa (1778-1781), and in 1779 he was initiated into the Williamsburg lodge of the Masonic Order. He was a classmate and friend of James Monroe (1758-1831). One of his professors of law was William Wythe, who also taught future Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall (1755-1835, APS 1830) at this time.

Short was a distant relative of Thomas Jefferson; two of his uncles were married to Martha Wayles Washington’s half-sisters. Short visited Monticello on several occasions, including possibly Jefferson’s wedding in 1772. In 1781 he went with the Jefferson family to Poplar Forest to escape the British, and he later helped settle Martha’s estate after her father’s death.

After his graduation from college in 1779, Short moved to Richmond, Virginia, where he practiced law and came in contact with leading Virginians, including James Madison (1751-1836, APS 1785) and Patrick Henry (1736-1799). From the start, Jefferson, who referred to Short as “his adopted son,” actively promoted his protégée’s political and diplomatic career. In 1783, largely due to the support of Jefferson, he was appointed to the state’s Executive Council.

In 1784 Jefferson invited Short to serve as his private secretary when he assumed his duties as Minister to France. In order to become fluent in French, Short decided to spend several months with a family in the village of Saint-Germain en Laye before joining Jefferson in Paris. In early 1785 he moved in with the Royers family, “a genteel family of modest means.” There the twenty-six year old Short fell in love with the family’s sixteen year old daughter Anne-Hypolyte-Louise, who was commonly called Lilite. Short wrote about his consuming love for the “Belle of St. Germain” in his journal and letters to friends. He visited her frequently after his move to Paris in the summer of 1785, and even after her marriage around the beginning of 1787.

In the French capital Short met John Adams (1735-1826, APS 1780), John Paul Jones (1747-1792), William Bingham (1752-1804, APS 1804), and several other Americans who lived and worked in Paris at the time. Short eventually traveled to London to assist Adams in reconciling difficulties in the U.S. – Prussian Treaty of 1785. Short also met many European members of Parisian society. For example, he made the acquaintance of the Italian naturalist Count Luigi Castiglioni (1757-1832, APS 1786), who had recently returned from a two-year sojourn through the United States. Short also met the Marchioness Paola Castiglioni-Litta (1751-1846), who later opened a famous salon in Milan. Short was a frequent guest at several Parisian salons, including the ones of the Duchesse de La Rochefoucauld d’Enville and the Mesdames d’Houdetot and de Tessé. The salons offered an opportunity for guests to discuss a range of topics, from economic matters and government, to literature and science. Short soon became particularly close to Louis Alexandre, duc de La Rochefoucauld (1743-1792) and his wife Charlotte Alexandrine, better known as Rosalie. Through them Short made contact with many eminent figures of the day, including the chemist Antoine Laurent Lavoisier and the Marquis de Lafayette (1757-1834, APS 1781). Moreover, Short became the lover of Rosalie, who was described as a beautiful and intelligent young lady. She was in her early twenties when Short first met her, about thirty years younger then her husband.

In 1788 Short went to Italy, where he gathered information about a variety of culinary and cultural customs and objects, including information on the making of Parmesan cheeses, and data on grapes. He also returned with a mold to make spaghetti whose introduction to America is credited to Jefferson. In addition, he helped Jefferson prepare his Notes on Virginia for publication.

Prior to their anticipated return to the United States in 1789, Jefferson tried to persuade Short to settle in Albermarle County. However, Short instead accepted an appointment as chargé d'affaires to represent the United States at the court of Louis XVI. In this position, he helped secure commercial concessions from France, and he borrowed money and refinanced America’s foreign debt at a lower rate. He had to perform these duties during the chaotic period of the French revolution between 1789 and 1792.

Short had hoped that his work in Paris would lead to an appointment as Jefferson’s successor. However, in 1792, Short was instead appointed as minister to the Netherlands. Before his departure for The Hague, he predicted that internal conflict in France was inevitable. Indeed, he observed the developments in France with growing alarm, fearing that the radical Jacobins would soon raise a private army with which they would fight their critics. In May 1792 he wrote to his friend John Rutledge (1739-1800) that he “saw a storm gathering & inevitable to burst on the heads of those with whom I had lived & whom I loved in France.” In this group he undoubtedly counted the de La Rochefoucaulds; indeed, three months later they were forced to flee from Paris. The Duchesse de La Rochefoucauld survived the Reign of Terror, but her husband Alexandre was stoned to death in 1792. Throughout Short’s stay in The Hague, Short remained informed about events in France through his correspondence with Rosalie. He also tried, in vain, to help his friend the Marquis de Lafayette, who had been captured by the Austrians.

In 1793, Short was appointed minister to Spain. He negotiated the first treaty between the United States and Spain but was deprived of the triumph of a final agreement when President Washington chose Thomas Pinckney to conclude the terms of the Treaty of Lorenzo. He then returned to Paris to live with Rosalie. He intended to go to the United States to take care of business matters; however, Rosalie refused to leave France.

It was not until 1802 that Short arrived in the United States, without Rosalie. Almost immediately he paid a visit to President Jefferson in Washington in hopes that his old mentor might be able to secure him a diplomatic post. In 1808 Jefferson nominated him as minister to Russia. In anticipation of the appointment, Short traveled to Europe only to receive news that the Senate had voted not to send a minister to Russia. This decision created a breach in Short’s friendship with Madison and Monroe who had failed to promote his nomination. In fact, Madison subsequently successfully lobbied for the confirmation of John Quincy Adams (1767-1848, APS 1818) to the same position.

To make matters worse, Rosalie announced that she would enter into a marriage of convenience to an elderly cousin, the Comte de Castellane. Undeterred, Short stayed in Paris until 1810, when he finally departed for the United States. He and Rosalie never saw each other again, but they continued a correspondence that altogether lasted for nearly five decades. Short also did not forget “the Belle of St. Germain.” While he did not stay in touch with Lilite, he frequently corresponded with her two sons Henri Raphael and Alexandre Marie. He contributed to their education in France, and later helped Henri find employment in New Orleans. In 1810, after a brief stay in New Jersey, Short settled in Philadelphia. He spent the remainder of his life with managing his investments in real estate, canals and eventually railroads. In addition, he was active in various philanthropic and learned societies, including the American Colonization Society, of which he served as vive president and president, and the American Philosophical Society. His Philadelphia friends included the linguist Peter Du Ponceau and Joseph Bonaparte, the former King of Spain.

During the last four decades of his life, Short avoided contact with his old friends Madison and Monroe. He never quite forgave them for their reluctance to further his diplomatic career. However, he maintained a close friendship with Jefferson, whom he visited several times in the years between 1810 and 1824. In the early 1820s, Short gave to the fund that was set up to assist the former president with his serious financial difficulties. After his mentor’s death in 1826, he helped the University of Virginia with the recruitment of faculty. With Jefferson’s death ended an active correspondence between the two friends that had spanned more then fifty years. In 1849 William Short, who never married and remained childless, died in Philadelphia. Although he did not bequeath anything to the American Philosophical Society, he did during his lifetime present it with several notable items, including Thomas Sully’s portrait of Jefferson, which had been commissioned by Short, and Jean-Antoine Houdon’s bust of the Marquis de Condorcet, that had been given to Short by Rosalie, the duchesse de La Rochefoucauld.

From the guide to the William Short correspondence, 1787-1838, 1787-1838, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Notes and letter, 1797 October 8, and n.d. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1811 October 15, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia], to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1789 December 14, Eppington, [Chesterfield County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Correspondence and documents, 1777-1800. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1816 April 9, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to W[illiam] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1814 August 20, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia], to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1797 March 12, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] to [William] Short, Paris, [France]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1809 March 8, Washington, [D.C.] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Short, William, 1759-1849. Letter, 1785 August 07, London, [England], to [Thomas Jefferson], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1788 March 13, Amsterdam, [The Netherlands] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Short, John Cleves, 1792-1864. John Cleves Short : papers, 1825-1864. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1786 March 28, London, [England] to [William Short] Paris, [France]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Astor, William Waldorf Astor, Viscount, 1848-1919,. Collection of miscellaneous letters [manuscript], 1785-1916. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIb, 1807-1825 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1787 May 1, Nice, [France] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1821 November 04, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia], to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Cobbett, William, 1763-1835. Letter signed : Wilmington, Delaware (shortly after his arrival in America), to Thomas Jefferson, Secretary of State, 1792 Nov. 02. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1808 May 05, Washington, [D.C.] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1788 December 8, Paris, [France] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1780 July 26, Richmond, [Virginia], to [James] Madison, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1789 March 24, Paris, [France] to William Short, "poste restante Marseilles," [France]. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Thomas Jefferson Papers, 1606-1943, (bulk 1775-1826) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1801 October 03, Washington, [D.C.] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1816 February 28, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1812 October 17, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to William Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1819 October 31, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letters of Thomas Jefferson [manuscript], 1790-1792. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. [Letter], 1790 August 10 : New York to Mr. [William] Short. University of California, Los Angeles
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1822 December 29, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1785 May 02, Paris, [France] to [William Short], St. Germain, [France]. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Gallatin, Albert, 1761-1849. Albert Gallatin papers, 1783-1847. Library of Congress
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1787 May 5, Marseilles, [France] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1791 November 9, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1813 November 9, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to W[illiam] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1790 September 30, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1807 April 06, Washington, [D.C.] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1824 April 10, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1825 October 14, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to William Short, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1791 July 28, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1817 June 19, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Shackelford, George Green. Jefferson's adoptive son [manuscript] : the life of William Short, 1759-1849, 1993. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1813 May 30, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia], to William Short, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1793 July 11, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1816 May 5, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Letter from John Jay to William Short United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Short, William, 1759-1849. ALS, 1802 April 3 : Paris, to Elbridge Gerry. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn St. John de Crèvecoeur, J. Hector, 1735-1813. Papers of J. Hector St. John de Crèvecoeur, 1784-1798. Library of Congress
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Thomas Jefferson papers, 1606-1943 (bulk 1775-1826). Library of Congress
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1790 November 25, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Note, 19 March 1792, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1790 June 6, New York, [New York] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1793 December 23, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1815 April 18, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1801 April 21, Washington, [D.C.] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Short, William, 1759-1849. Letter, 1784 May 22, [Richmond, Virginia], to [Thomas Jefferson], Annapolis, [Maryland], or Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Letter from John Jay to William Short United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Short, William, 1759-1849. Correspondence, 1787-1838. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1808 August 29, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William] Short, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1789 April 13, Paris, [France] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Morris, Gouverneur, 1752-1816. Gouverneur Morris papers, 1771-1834 (bulk 1789-1816). Library of Congress
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIa, 1743-1806 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1823 September 8, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Letter from John Jay to William Short United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1790 August 12, New York, [New York] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Carter, William Champe, -1834. Letter, 1813 December 22, Culpeper, [Virginia] to [Thomas Jefferson], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1812 November 6, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Brown, James. Extract of letter, 1793 April 15, Richmond, [Virginia], to Th[omas] J[efferson], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Newton, Thomas. Letter, 1799 October 23, to Thomas Jefferson, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Heads of consideration on the navigation of the Mississippi : for Mr. Carmichael ; Extracts from a letter to Mr. Carmichael dated Aug. 2, 1790 ; [Letter], 1790 August 10 : New York to Mr. [William] Short. University of California, Los Angeles
creatorOf Short, William, 1759-1849. Letter, 1785 August 28, Amsterdam, [The Netherlands], to Thomas Jefferson, [Paris, France]. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1813 February 10, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia], to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1800 March 26, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1790 March 12, Alexandria, [Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Van Cleve-Dover Papers, 1791-1954, 1830-1860 Dayton Metro Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1788 September 24, Paris, [France] to [William] Short, Geneva, [Switzerland]. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Mazzei, Filippo, 1730-1816. Letters of Filippo Mazzei [manuscript], 1779-1814. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Short, William, 1759-1849. Letter to James Madison [manuscript], 1787 May 7. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1787 March 15, Lyon, [France] to [William Short], Paris, [France]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1816 April 7, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1812 April 26, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia], to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf La Rochefoucauld, Alexandrine Charlotte de Rohan-Chabot, duchesse de, 1763-1838,. LaRochefoucauld Papers [manuscript], n.d. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1791 November 25, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1824 November 9, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, [1784 April 30], [Annapolis, Maryland], to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1824 May 17, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter : Monticello, to [William Short, Philadelphia], 1826 January 3 [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Morris, Gouverneur, 1752-1816. Gouverneur Morris papers, 1768-1816. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1785 April 02, Paris, [France] to W[illiam] S[hort], St. Germain, [France]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1788 April 9, Frankfurt on the Main, [Germany] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1790 July 1, New York, [New York] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Dawson, John, 1762-1814. Letter, 1802 September 19, New York [City, N.Y.] to Fulwar Skipwith, Paris [France]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1820 April 13, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1819 June 22, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Short, Charles Wilkins, 1794-1863. Charles Wilkins Short : papers, 1811-1869. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1817 October 14, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1816 January 15, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1789 October 17, Cowes, [England] to [William] Short, Paris, [France]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter : Monticello, to [William Short, Philadelphia], 1826 January 3. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1822 October 19, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1797 June 30, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1789 February 9, Paris, [France] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1786 April 3, London, [England] to [William Short], Paris, [France]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Short, William, 1759-1849. William Short papers, 1778-1853. Library of Congress
creatorOf William Short correspondence, 1787-1838, 1787-1838 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1788 September 20, Paris, [France] to [William] Short, Geneva, [Switzerland]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1825 August 9, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1801 March 17 , Washington, [D.C.] to William Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1816 August 10, Montpelier, [Orange County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Skipwith, Fulwar, 1765-1839. Papers of Fulwar Skipwith, 1790-1796. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf William Short Papers, 1778-1853 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1815 June 27, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804. Correspondence and documents, 1777-1800. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Short-Harrison-Symmes Families Papers, 1760-1878, (bulk 1800-1860) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Skipwith, Peyton, fl. 1796-1801. Peyton Skipwith : papers, 1796-1801. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1792 October 16, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn John Barnes Letters, 1798-1805 Inclusive University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept.
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1788 November 21, Paris [France] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter : Annapolis, to William Short, 1784 May 7. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Anderson, Robert,. Papers of the Burwell family [manuscript], 1761-1845. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1789 February 28, Paris, [France] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn John Barnes Letter, 1802 University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept.
creatorOf Short, William, 1759-1849. Letter, 1785 September 09, The Hague, [Netherlands], to [Thomas Jefferson], [Paris, France], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1813 June 18, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia], to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1790 August 31, New York, [New York] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf William Short Papers, [1772], 1789-1847, 1931. Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1785 June 28, Paris, [France] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1812 December 26, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia], to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Randolph, Edmund, 1753-1813. Letter to William Short [manuscript], 1794 December 3. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Papers of the Randolph family of Edgehill [manuscript] 1749(1790-1850)1886. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1791 March 16, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvanis] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1826 March 24, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1811 March 8, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia], to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1787 March 29, Aix en Provence, [France] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1808 September 6, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to William Short, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Short, William, 1759-1849. ALS : to an unidentified correspondent, [s.d.]. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1812 October 17, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia], to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Papers of Thomas Jefferson, 1785-1831. Library of Congress
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1792 January 3, [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1808 July 20, Washington, [D.C.] to [William] Short, Phila[delphia, Pennsylvania]. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Rutledge, John, 1766-1819. Papers of John Rutledge, 1782-1872. Library of Congress
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1815 March 25, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia], to [William] Short, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Harison, Richard. Letterbooks and catalog, 1790-1835. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Gouverneur Morris Papers, 1771-1834, (bulk 1789-1816) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Foy, M. de vicomte,. Foy collection, 1784-1790. Library of Congress
referencedIn Van Cleve-Dover collection 1791-1954 1830-1860. Dayton Metro Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1814 March 26, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia], to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Short, William, 1759-1849. Letter, 1785 September 11, The Hague, [The Netherlands], to [Thomas Jefferson], [Paris, France]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1808 July 13, Washington, [D.C.] to [William] Short, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1784 April 30, Annapolis, [Maryland], to William Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1790 April 6, New York, [New York], to William Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1792 April 24, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] to [William] Short, Bordeaux, [France]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1809 March 8, Washington, [D.C.], to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1820 August 4, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to William Short, Shrewsbury, New Jersey. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Papers, 1761-1931, 1785-1826. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1790 July 26, New York, [New York] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Gilpin family. Papers, 1727-1872. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1807 May 19, Washington, [D.C] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Mercer family. Papers : of the Mercer family, 1656-1869 (bulk 1740- 1845). Virginia Historical Society Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIj, 1898-1988 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Short, William, 1759-1849. Autograph letter signed : Paris, to E. Gerry, 1798 Aug. 27. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, n.d., n.p. to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1791 January 24, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1787 May 21, "on the canal of Languedoc, approaching Toulouse," [France] to William Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1795 May 25, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Newton, Thomas, 1742-1807. Letter, 1799, n.p., to [Thomas Jefferson], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1792 January 28, Philadelphia [Pennsylvania] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1790 April 27, New York, [New York] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Carrière, Joseph Mèdard, 1900-1970,. Joseph Mèdard Carrière microfilm collection [manuscript] 1722-1892. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1813 June 18, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1818 December 21, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1810 September 21, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1789 October 23, "Off the Needles," [English Channel, England] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1808 August 19, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William] Short, Phila[delphia, Pennsylvania]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Short, William, 1759-1849. William Short letter to John Hartwell Cocke, [manuscript] 1827 June 7. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1787 June 1, Nantes, [France] to [William] Short, St. Germain, [France]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1816 October 14, Montpelier, [Orange County, Virginia] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1818 November 10, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1787 May 4, Marseilles, [France] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1808 August 02, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William] Short, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Ruffin family. Papers, 1795-1845. Selections [microform]. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1785 April 30, Paris, [France] to W[illiam] Short, St. Germain, [France]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1825 April 04, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1807 November 15, Washington, [D.C.] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Mountflorence, J[ames] C[ole]. Letter, 1793 August 27, New York, [New York] to [Thomas Jefferson], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1790 September 6, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1787 March 27, Aix en Provence, [France] to William Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Barnes, John, fl. 1792-1805. Letter to Charles and Gabriel William Ludlow [manuscript], 1802 November 30. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1813 April 25, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1788, March 29, Amsterdam, [The Netherlands] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1792 January 07, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] to W[illiam] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Langborn, William, 1756-1814. Papers, 1783-1837. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1799 October 17, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [Thomas Newton], [Norfolk, Virginia]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1823 March 28, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Letters and documents of signers of the Declaration of Independence, 1750-1933. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1789 October 7, [Le] Havre, [France] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1790 July 8, New York, [New York] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1792 January 10, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1793 March 23, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Letter from John Jay to William Short United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1812 September 30, Monticello [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1808 January 31, Washington, [D.C.] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1793 January 03, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Bayly, Thomas Haynes, 1797-1839. Letters from Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe [manuscript], 1798-1829. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1814 January 28, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia], to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1807 June 12, Washington, [D.C.] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1814 February 23, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Short, William, 1759-1849. ALS : Madrid, to James Monroe, Paris, 1794 Oct. 7. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1814 May 17, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to William Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1811 May 17, Monticello [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1789 November 21, Lynhaven Bay, [Virginia] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn John Vaughan papers, 1768 - Circa 1936, 1768 - Circa 1936 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Correspondence with William Short [manuscript] 1785-1826. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1790 August 25, New York, [New York] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Short, William, 1759-1849. Papers, 1772-1931, 1772-1847. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1800 April 13, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1826 January 18, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Burwell family. Papers of the Burwell family, 1761-1845. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1787 April 12, Nice, [France] to [William Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Monroe, James, 1758-1831. Letters : of James Monroe while secretary of state, 1811-1816. James Monroe Museum & Memorial Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1789 March 16, Paris, [France] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1825 November 15, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1818 May 29, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1808 July 06, Washington, [D.C.] to [William] Short, Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, [1784 April 30], Annapolis, [Maryland], to W[illiam Short], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1807 June 14, Washington, [D.C.] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1789 January 22, Paris, [France] to William Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Short, William, 1759-1849. William Short-William Carmichael diplomatic papers, 1793-1794. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Short, William, 1759-1849. William and Peyton Short Papers, 1783-1825. William & Mary Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Adams, John, 1735-1826 person
associatedWith Adrain, Robert, 1775-1843. person
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Alexandrine de Rohan-Chabot, duchesse de la Rochefoucauld person
associatedWith American Colonization Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 person
associatedWith Barnes, John, fl. 1792-1805. person
associatedWith Brown, James. person
associatedWith Burwell family. family
correspondedWith Carmichael, William, d. 1795 person
associatedWith Carter, William Champe, -1834. person
associatedWith Castiglioni, Luigi, 1757-1832. person
associatedWith Castiglioni, Pauline person
associatedWith Castiglioni, Pauline. person
associatedWith Cobbett, William, 1763-1835. person
associatedWith Cocke, John Hartwell, 1780-1866, person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf College of William and Mary. corporateBody
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
associatedWith Dawson, John, 1762-1814. person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Emgarth, Annette H., 1900-1992 person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Fitch, John person
associatedWith Foy, M. de vicomte, person
correspondedWith Fulton, Robert, 1765-1815 person
correspondedWith Gallatin, Albert, 1761-1849 person
correspondedWith Gardoqui y Arriquibar, Diego, 1735-1798 person
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
associatedWith George Washington. person
associatedWith Gerry, Elbridge, 1744-1814. person
associatedWith Gilpin family. family
correspondedWith Godoy, Manuel de, príncipe de la Paz, 1767-1851 person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
correspondedWith Grayson, William, 1736-1790 person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
correspondedWith Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804 person
correspondedWith Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804 person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
associatedWith Harison, Richard. person
associatedWith Harrison family family
associatedWith Hubbard, John, collector. person
correspondedWith Hull, Isaac, 1773-1843 person
correspondedWith Jay, John, 1745-1829 person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith Kountze, De Lancey, d. 1946, person
associatedWith Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves, marquis de, 1757-1834 person
correspondedWith Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834 person
associatedWith Langborn, William, 1756-1814. person
associatedWith La Rochefoucauld, Alexandrine Charlotte de Rohan-Chabot, duchesse de. person
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associatedWith La Rochefoucauld, Duchesse de. family
associatedWith La Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, François-Alexandre-Frédéric, duc de, 1747-1827. person
correspondedWith Madison, James, 1751-1836 person
associatedWith Mazzei, Filippo, 1730-1816. person
associatedWith Mercer family. family
correspondedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831 person
correspondedWith Morris, Gouverneur, 1752-1816. person
associatedWith Mountflorence, J[ames] C[ole]. person
correspondedWith Nelson, William, 1760-1813 person
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith Newton, Thomas. person
associatedWith Newton, Thomas, 1742-1807. person
correspondedWith Paine, Thomas, 1737-1809 person
correspondedWith Pinckney, Thomas, 1750-1828 person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
correspondedWith Randolph, Edmund, 1753-1813 person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
correspondedWith Robinson, M. M. (Merritt M.), d. 1850 person
associatedWith Rochambeau, Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur, comte de, 1725-1807. person
associatedWith Rochefoucauld, Alexandrine de Roahn-Chabot, duchesse de la, d. 1839 person
associatedWith Rochefoucauld, Alexandrine de Rohan-Chabot, duchess de la (d. 1839) corporateBody
associatedWith Ruffin family. family
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
correspondedWith Rutledge, John, 1739-1800 person
associatedWith Rutledge, John, 1766-1819. person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
associatedWith Shackelford, George Green. person
correspondedWith Short, Charles Wilkins, 1794-1863 person
associatedWith Short family family
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associatedWith Short family. family
associatedWith Short family. family
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associatedWith Short, John Cleves, 1792-1864. person
associatedWith Short, Peyton, 1761-1825. person
associatedWith Simms family family
correspondedWith Skipwith, Fulwar, 1765-1839 person
associatedWith Skipwith, George Grey, fl. 1827. person
associatedWith Skipwith, Peyton, fl. 1796-1801. person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
correspondedWith St. John de Crèvecoeur, J. Hector, 1735-1813 person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
correspondedWith Tocqueville, Alexis de, 1805-1859 person
associatedWith United States Military Academy. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Virginia corporateBody
associatedWith Van Cleve, Benjamin, 1773-1821 person
associatedWith Vaughan, John, 1756-1841 person
correspondedWith Washington, Bushrod, 1762-1829 person
associatedWith Washington, George, 1732-1799. person
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Kingdom of the Netherlands 00 NL
Russian Federation 00 RU
Spring Garden VA US
Republic of France 00 FR
Subject
Investments
Speculation
Land speculation--Virginia
Railroads
Student expulsion
Mathematics teachers
Diplomats--Correspondence
Diplomacy
Land speculation--Kentucky
Real property
Debts, Public
Social Life and Customs
Land speculation--Ohio
Americans Abroad
Diplomats--United States--Correspondence
Land speculation
Finance, Public
Diplomatic History
Marriage and Family Life
Finance
Land speculation--New York (State)
Canals
Occupation
Secretaries, Presidential
Diplomats
Function

Person

Birth 1759

Death 1849

Americans

French,

English

Information

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