Bigelow, Jacob, 1786-1879Variant names
Physician and botanist of Boston, Mass.
From the description of Jacob Bigelow letter, 1822-1833, [Boston]. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 34847536
Jacob Bigelow (Harvard University, A.B. 1806 and University of Pennsylvania, M.D. 1810) taught at Harvard Medical School from 1815-1855. With Dr. Francis Boott he began work on a flora of New England but this project was given up. From 1817-1820 he published American medical botany for which he drew many of the plates and devised the means of reproducing them through a color aqua-tint process. A revised edition of the Florula bostoniensis published in 1824 marks the end of Bigelow's period of greatest botanical activity. Bigelow was appointed Rumford Professor of the Application of Science to Useful Arts at Harvard from 1816-1827 and published his Elements of technology in 1829. In addition, Bigelow played a major role in the establishment and design of Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge.
From the description of Botanical illustrations by Jacob Bigelow, 1813-1819 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 40290644
Bigelow (Harvard, A.B., 1806), taught materia medica and application of science to the useful arts, and was Overseer at Harvard.
From the description of Papers of Jacob Bigelow, ca. 1820. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 77069229
Physician and botanist.
From the description of Letter to Ticknor, 1866 January 12. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 48823259
From the description of Jacob Bigelow correspondence, 1854. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79455623
Zaccheus Collins was a merchant and botanist.
From the guide to the Zaccheus Collins botanical correspondence, 1805-1827, 1805-1827, (American Philosophical Society)
Bigelow (Harvard, A.B. 1806; Pennsylvania, M.D. 1810) was Rumford Professor and professor of materia medica at Harvard Medical School, 1815-1855, and published American Medical Botany, for which he drew many of the plates. He was visiting physician to the Massachusetts General Hospital and had a very large consulting practice. He wrote and lectured on educational reform, medical ethics, therapeutics, and botanical subjects; and he was a primary editor of the first U.S. Pharmacopoeia (1820). Bigelow designed Mt. Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Mass., where he is buried.
From the description of Papers of Jacob Bigelow, 1795-1879 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 281436858
Jacob Bigelow (1787-1879), a botanist and physician in Boston, Massachusetts, served as lecturer at the Harvard Medical School from 1815 to 1818; Rumford Professor and Lecturer on the Application of Science to the Useful Arts from 1816 to 1827; Professor of Materia Medica from 1815 to 1855; and as a member of Harvard's Board of Overseers from 1846 to 1854. After graduating from Harvard College in 1806, Bigelow received his Doctor of Medicine from the University of Pennsylvania in 1810. In 1811, Bigelow established a medical practice in Boston and began a series of botanical lectures at Harvard College with William Dandridge Peck (1763-1822), Massachusetts Professor of Natural History.
As the Rumford Professor at Harvard, Bigelow's objective was to apply scientific principles to improve daily life and the human condition. Although Bigelow only served as Rumford professor for eleven years, he helped solidify the teaching of the applied sciences at Harvard. As a classroom instructor, Bigelow taught his students using scientific demonstrations and experiments. Bigelow created a large collection of working models to demonstrate scientific principles in his lectures. He built architectural working models of domes, roofs, arches, walls, and columns; models of chimney stoves and fireplaces; various steam engines, windmills, and watermills; and three working models of the Waltham, Massachusetts cotton factory. Subjects discussed in his classroom involved the strength of various materials, the methods of illumination, heating, ventilation, metallurgy, writing and printing, engraving and lithography, locomotion, machinery, horology, and the preservation of organic substances . Bigelow's lectures were delivered to large audiences each semester. Seeking a more accurate word to describe the application of practical knowledge and instruction, Bigelow coined the term "technology" to describe the use of scientific ideas in the useful arts, and in 1829, Bigelow published his lectures under the title Elements of Technology, taken chiefly from a Course of Lectures delivered at Cambridge, on the Application of the Sciences to the Useful Arts.
In 1816, Benjamin Thompson (1753-1814), also known as Count Rumford, a British physicist, inventor, and social reformer, bequeathed an annuity of $1000, a reversion of a $400 annuity he bequeathed his daughter, and his residuary estate, to Harvard College for the establishment of a professorship to "teach regular courses of academical and public lectures" in the field of the practical sciences. The establishment of the Rumford Professorship illustrated the new emphasis on the application of science at Harvard and in many other colleges in America at the beginning of the nineteenth century. The first five incumbents of the new chair were subsequently known as the "Rumford Professor and Lecturer on the Application of the Sciences to the Useful Arts." After 1910, "Lectureship" was removed from the title and the holders of the chair were known as the "Rumford Professor of Physics."
From the guide to the Records of Jacob Bigelow, Rumford Professor and Lecturer on the Application of Science to the Useful Arts, 1816-1827., (Harvard University Archives)
|Place Name||Admin Code||Country|
|Mount Auburn Cemetery (Watertown and Cambridge, Mass.)|
|Speeches, addresses, etc.|
|Appointments and Schedules|
|Lectures and lecturing|
|Translation and humor|
|Wit and Humor as Topic|