Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875

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Vice-President under U.S. Grant.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Senate Chamber, to Kennedy Furlong, 1856 Feb. 23. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270588300

Vice-President of the United States.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Boston, to William Pitt Fessenden, 1855 Oct. 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270586817

Henry Wilson served as U.S. Senator from Massachusetts (1855-1872), and as vice president (1872-1875) under Ulysses S. Grant. He was active in the anti-slavery movement and in the Free Soil Party. Wilson, an active Lincoln supporter, was chair of the Senate Committee on Military Affairs during the war. He was also instrumental in the establishment of the Freedman's Bureau.

From the description of Henry Wilson Papers, 1851-1875. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122387806

U.S. Vice President (under Ulysses S. Grant: Mar. 4, 1873-Nov. 22, 1875); U.S. Senator from Massachusetts (1855-1873); Massachusetts State Senator (1844-ca. 1855); colonel, 22nd Regiment Massachusetts during the Civil War; resident of Natick, Mass. Born into a poor family as Jeremiah Jones Colbath in Farmington, N.H.; at the age of 10 he was indentured to a neighborhood farmer. When his indenture was released he journeyed on foot in Dec. 1833 to Natick, Mass., where he apprenticed to learn the shoemaker's trade and a few months later he opened his own shop. In 1837 he became a shoe manufacturer and subsequently represented Natick in the Massachusetts legislature in 1841. He was elected to the Mass. Senate in 1844 and the U.S. Senate in 1855. During the Civil War was commissioned as colonel of 22nd Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteers. Wilson resided in Natick for the rest of his life except for the periods during which he lived in Washington, D.C. It is thought he had his name changed when he was approximately 21 but there are different versions as to why and/or how it was changed.

From the description of Henry Wilson collection, ca. 1840-2002. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 496147297

U.S. vice president and U.S. senator from Massachusetts.

From the description of Papers of Henry Wilson, 1851-1875. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71131253

Massachusetts shoemaker, lawyer, U.S. Senator (1855-1873), and Vice President (1873-1875).

From the description of Letter : Washington, D.C., to Col. E.S. Parker, [Washington, D.C.], 1867 Jan. 28. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 40993758

Henry Wilson, author, United States Senator and Vice-President, was born in Farmington, NH in 1812. He began his political career in Massachusetts, serving a total of fifteen years in the state's House of Representatives and Senate. In 1855 he was elected to the United States Senate, and in 1872 he was nominated for Vice-President on the Republican ticket - a position he held until his death in 1875. Wilson devoted his career to the anti-slavery cause and the rights of America's working class, and he was regarded as one of the "most skillful political organizers" of his day.

From the description of Letter : to Charles Allen, Worchester, Mass., 1872? (Manchester City Library). WorldCat record id: 31911246

U.S. Senator from Massachusetts.

From the description of Henry Wilson bills, 1864. (Maine Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 70977755

Louis Agassiz (1807-1873, APS 1843) was a zoologist and geologist. A student of Georges Cuvier, Agassiz was renown for his six-volume work Poissons fossils, a study of more than 1,700 ancient fish. Equally important was his Ètudes sur les glaciers (1840). In 1845 Agassiz moved to the United States on a two-year study grant from King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia to compare the flora and fauna of the United States and Europe. While in the United States he was invited to deliver a course of lectures at the Lowell Institute in Boston. He took America and New England by storm and as a result in 1847 was appointed professor of zoology and geology at Harvard’s new Lawrence Scientific School.

Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz was born in Motier, Switzerland on May 26, 1807, the son of a Protestant minister Rodolphe Agassiz and his wife Rose Mayor. Despite family pressure to enter business, Agassiz early decided to devote himself to the study of nature. At the age of twenty-one he predicted that he would become “the first naturalist of his time, a good citizen and a good son.” His determination gained Agassiz an excellent education in the natural sciences at the Universities of Heidelberg and Munich. He also made important contacts in early life that formed his outlook and provided the basis for his early career. The naturalist Johann B. Spix allowed him to publish on a collection of fish from Brazil that Spix had gathered, while the anatomist Ignaz Döllinger trained him to use the microscope and introduced him to the field of embryology. Philosophically, Agassiz was influenced by the German idealism of Lorenz Okenfuss, who built a system of biological classification based upon increasing complexity of sense organs. Agassiz’s scientific thought and practice was characterized by two separate and often contradictory outlooks. One was exact and pragmatic; the other was transcendental. His approach was clearly influenced by French zoologist and paleontologist Georges Cuvier, who passed on to Agassiz his remarkable collection of fossil fish illustrations. He also impressed the geographer Alexander Humboldt, an adviser to the king of Prussia who arranged an appointment for him at the Collège de Neuchâtel in 1832, where he taught natural history for more than ten years. During these years (1832-42) he studied fossil fish in museums and private collections throughout Europe, resulting in his six-volume Poissons fossils that described more than 1,700 primeval fish, that he analyzed according to Cuvier’s comparative method. The work, which won high praise from major Bristish naturalists Sir Charles Lyell and Richard Owen, provided the basis for Agassiz’s scientific fame and fortune. His natural philosophy was infused with the belief in an all-powerful diety, who planned and created every single living being, plant and animal, undercutting any genetic connection between ancient and modern creatures.

In addition to his work on fish, between 1837 and 1843 Agassiz did ground breaking work on glacial geology, presented in a paper presented to the Sociètè Helvétique des Sciences naturelles (July 1837) and in his book Etudes sur les glaciers in which he theorized that a massive glacier had once covered all of Europe. Although the idea had first been suggested by Swiss naturalist Jean de Charpentier, Agassiz was the first to publicize the idea and to apply it to all of Europe. A prolific writer, who wished to be personally involved with the production of his works, Agassiz developed a publishing house in Neuchâtel, that employed the latest technology in photo duplication and produced bibliographies, dictionaries and monographs by Agassiz and his assistants. In the spring of 1845 Agassiz’s fortunes abruptly shifted. His wife Cécile Braun Agassiz left her husband and Neuchâtel, his printing business closed due to accumulated debts, and he was forced to leave the Collège de Neuchâtel. Just as his luck seemed to run out, he received word of a 2-year grant secured for him by Humboldt from King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia for $3,000 to do a comparative study of the flora and fauna of the United States and Europe.

Shortly after the arrival of Agassiz in the United States, John Amory Lowell, manufacturer and head of the Lowell Institute in Boston, invited him to deliver a course of public lectures. New Englanders found the Swiss naturalist, who spoke enthusiastically about primitive fish and prehistoric glaciers, intriguing. New England scientific luminaries such as Harvard botanist Asa Gray and Yale chemist Benjamin Silliman lauded Agassiz as “full of knowledge on all subjects of science.” His lectures created such a demand for speaking engagements, that within less than two years Agassiz was able to repay $20,000 in European debt. In the fall of 1847 Harvard University offered him a chair of zoology and geology at its newly established Lawrence Scientic School. In July 1848, after his wife’s death, he arranged for his children to join him in the United States. These events, together with his 1850 marriage to a bright well-connected Bostonian Elizabeth Cabot Carey, sixteen years Agassiz’s junior, permanently anchored the Swiss scientist in America. Soon afterward Agassiz’s home in Cambridge became a center of intellectual life. As a Harvard professor he badgered the University continually for funds to build a major natural history museum to instruct the public and help to train advanced students. His efforts paid off in November 1859, when the Museum of Comparative Zoology opened its doors. The Museum provided a unique resource for American students to gain unrestricted, first hand access to natural specimens. Many practicing American naturalists of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries were trained by Agassiz and worked in his museum. The Museum testified to Agassiz’s passion for collecting and identifying the “entire natural kingdom all at once,” a desire that quickly filled the repository to overflowing with specimens. From a philosophical perspective Agassiz planned the Museum as a demonstration of the “master plan” that the diety had executed in the creation of the natural world, displaying the “type plan” of different classes and stressing the separate creation of each species. Agassiz’s core belief in the special creation of species by God undergirded his quest to locate new species. However, some colleagues criticized him as “species mad,” arguing that his museum and his methods added little to the conceptual understanding of natural history.

Agassiz’s reputation took a major hit in a series of Boston debates on evolution, after the publication of Charles Darwin’s Origin of Species in 1859. Agassiz made a poor defense of special creation against Darwin’s defenders Asa Gray and William Barton Rogers. Furthermore, Agassiz’s understanding of special creationism as applied to human beings led him to view various races as distinct species, a rationale quickly adopted by the proponents slavery, who asserted a scientific basis to white supremecy.

Concerned about the decline of his professional reputation in the 1850s, in 1855 Agassiz announced the forthcoming publication of a projected ten-volume entitled Contributions to the Natural History of the United States of America. A total of 2,500 subscribers made advanced purchases at $12.00 each. The initial volume entitled Essay on Classification elaborated Agassiz’s views on classification, the philosophy of nature and the species concept. Appearing two years after Darwin’s Origin of Species, the work drew mixed reviews. Many were put off by the author’s dogmatism, others thought his views dated and moribund. Three more volumes appeared, but the publication of the projected set was never completed.

Many years later in 1872 Agassiz did reconsider evolution, trying to understand Darwin’s views by making a trip around South America, retracing Darwin’s voyage. However, he only became more convinced that the concept of evolution was “a scientific mistake, untrue to the facts, unscientific in its method, and mischievous in its tendency.” To the dismay of the scientific community Agassiz authored strident attacks on Darwinism in the popular press, infuriating Asa Gray and James Dana. Consequently, Agassiz was increasingly excluded from the politics of American science.

Agassiz remained at Harvard University until the end of his life. When he died at Cambridge, Massachusetts, he was deeply mourned by his adopted country.

From the guide to the Louis Jean Rodolph Agassiz papers, 1833-1873, 1833-1873 1833-1873, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875. Henry Wilson papers 1829-1858. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Correspondence and other papers, 1831-1891. Houghton Library.
creatorOf General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Seized Correspondence of Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letters from Henry Wilson to Mrs. Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letter from Henry Wilson to Rose O'Neal Greenhow
creatorOf Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875. Papers of Henry Wilson, 1851-1875. Library of Congress
referencedIn Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873. Papers, 1833-1873. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Seized Correspondence of Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letters from Henry Wilson to Mrs. Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letter from Henry Wilson to Rose O'Neal Greenhow
creatorOf Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875. Letter : Washington, D.C., to Col. E.S. Parker, [Washington, D.C.], 1867 Jan. 28. Newberry Library
referencedIn Choules, John Overton, 1801-1856. Letter : Newport, R.I., to Daniel Webster, Washington, D.C., 1850 March 18. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Seized Correspondence of Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letters from Henry Wilson to Mrs. Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letter from Henry Wilson to Rose O'Neal Greenhow
referencedIn McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885. George B. McClellan letter to H. Wilson and F. P. Blair [manuscript], 1862 May 15. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Weymouth, Harrison G. O. (Harrison Gray Otis), b. ca. 1840. Papers, 1861-1885. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Seized Correspondence of Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letters from Henry Wilson to Mrs. Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letter from Henry Wilson to Rose O'Neal Greenhow
referencedIn Choules, John Overton, 1801-1856. Letter [manuscript] : Newport, R.I., to Daniel Webster, Washington, D.C., 1850 March 18. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875. Autograph letter signed : Senate Chamber, to Kennedy Furlong, 1856 Feb. 23. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Andrew, John A. (John Albion), 1818-1867. John A. Andrew papers, 1772-1895. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852. Letter, 1848 June 3, Washington, to Henry Wilson. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, 1850-1895 (inclusive), 1852-1878 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Griswold, Whiting, 1814-1874. Whiting Griswold papers, 1843-1874. Library of Congress
creatorOf Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875. Letters, 1846-1870. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Douglass, Ebenezer. Ebenezer Douglass papers, 1790-1873. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Clara Barton Papers, 1805-1958, (bulk 1861-1912) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Seized Correspondence of Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letters from Henry Wilson to Mrs. Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letter from Henry Wilson to Rose O'Neal Greenhow
referencedIn May, Samuel J. (Samuel Joseph), 1797-1871. Samuel J. May diary, 1870. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company contracts, 1831-1979 (inclusive) 1880-1940 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Childs, George William, 1829-1894. George William Childs papers [manuscript], 1882-1892. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Chandler, William E. (William Eaton), 1835-1917. Papers, 1829-1917. New Hampshire Historical Society Library
creatorOf Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875. Letter : to Charles Allen, Worchester, Mass., 1872? UNH Durham, Dimond Library
creatorOf Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875. Letter : Washington, D.C., to William Henry Seward, n.p., 1861 Apr. 1. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Beecher family. Beecher-Stowe family papers, 1798-1956 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Stowe, C. E. (Calvin Ellis), 1802-1886. Letters, 1846-1878 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848. Brooks-Keyes family papers, 1761-1908. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Robert Carter letters from various correspondents, 1851-1898 (inclusive), 1851-1862 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Schouler, William, 1814-1872. William Schouler papers, 1840-1872. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Reconstruction Scrapbook, 1865-1880 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Barton, Clara, 1821-1912. Clara Barton papers, 1805-1958 (bulk 1861-1912). Library of Congress
creatorOf Faxon, William, 1822-1883. Letter, undated draft, to Henry Wilson. Connecticut Historical Society
creatorOf Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875. Letter : Natick, Mass., to unknown person, [18--] Apr. 28. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874. Letter, 1851 April 25, Cambridge [Mass.] to [Henry] Wilson, [Boston, Mass.]. New England Historic Genealogical Society
referencedIn Francis William Bird papers, 1826-1924 (inclusive), 1847-1889 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Curry, J. L. M. (Jabez Lamar Monroe), 1825-1903. Civil War archives, [18--]-[19--]. Hyde Park Historical Society
referencedIn Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873. Collection, 1824-1881. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875. Autograph letter signed : Boston, to William Pitt Fessenden, 1855 Oct. 20. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Seized Correspondence of Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letters from Henry Wilson to Mrs. Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letter from Henry Wilson to Rose O'Neal Greenhow
creatorOf General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Seized Correspondence of Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letters from Henry Wilson to Mrs. Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letter from Henry Wilson to Rose O'Neal Greenhow
referencedIn Bowles, Samuel, 1826-1878. Samuel Bowles papers, 1852-1893 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875. Henry Wilson collection, ca. 1840-2002. Natick Historical Society
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referencedIn Charles Sumner correspondence, 1829-1874. Houghton Library.
referencedIn William Warland Clapp correspondence, 1790-1891 (inclusive), 1840-1891 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Louis Jean Rodolph Agassiz papers, 1833-1873, 1833-1873 1833-1873 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Asher, Louis Eller, 1877-1948. Lewis Eller Asher autograph collection, 1757-1925. Library of Congress
referencedIn Letters to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1761-1904 (inclusive) 1820-1888 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Thomas Wentworth Higginson correspondence, 1843-1911. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Charles Henry Brainard papers, 1795-1884 and undated. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875. Henry Wilson Papers, 1851-1875. Michigan State University Libraries, Main Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875. Note : [Washington, D.C.], to Miss Gifford, 1864 Mar. 23. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875. Henry Wilson bills, 1864. Maine Historical Society Library
creatorOf Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. Papers, 1864 Jan. 13 and 1872 Jan. 22. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Isaac Leeser, papers, undated, 1811-1919 American Jewish Historical Society
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creatorOf Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874. Autographs, [not after 1874]. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Papers concerning the 1872 resolution of condemnation against Charles Sumner, 1862-1873. Houghton Library.
creatorOf General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Seized Correspondence of Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letters from Henry Wilson to Mrs. Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letter from Henry Wilson to Rose O'Neal Greenhow
creatorOf Cogswell, William, 1838-1895. Autograph letter signed : Boston, to Charles Sumner and Henry Wilson, 1870 Apr. 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Cartland family papers, 1823-1913. Houghton Library.
creatorOf General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Seized Correspondence of Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letters from Henry Wilson to Mrs. Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letter from Henry Wilson to Rose O'Neal Greenhow
creatorOf Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875. Letter : Washington, D.C., to William Henry Seward, n.p., 1861 Apr. 1. Texas Christian University
referencedIn W. C. Crosby Autograph Collection, 1856-1868 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Seized Correspondence of Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letters from Henry Wilson to Mrs. Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Notation Concerning Love Letters from Henry Wilson to Rose O'Neal Greenhow
creatorOf Johnson, Andrew, 1808-1875. Presidential and gubernatorial documents, 1864-1866. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. Ulysses S. Grant letter to H. Wilson [manuscript], 1867 February 20. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
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referencedIn Cartes-de-visite album and biographies, ca. 1875-1876. University of Virginia. Library
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referencedIn Books from the library of Amos Bronson Alcott, 1579-1893. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Hawes, Josiah Johnson, 1808-1901,. Members of the Massachusetts Free Soil Party [photograph], 1850. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Whiting Griswold Correspondence, 1843-1874 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Autograph album: Abraham Lincoln, his cabinet, and senators, 1864 and undated. Houghton Library.
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referencedIn Autographs of American politicians, [ca. 1780-1915]. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
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creatorOf General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Seized Correspondence of Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letters from Henry Wilson to Mrs. Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letter from Henry Wilson to Rose O'Neal Greenhow
referencedIn Lincoln, Mary Todd, 1818-1882. Mary Lincoln letter to Henry Wilson, 1867 January 3. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Seized Correspondence of Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letters from Henry Wilson to Mrs. Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letter from Henry Wilson to Rose O'Neal Greenhow
creatorOf General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Seized Correspondence of Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letters from Henry Wilson to Mrs. Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letter from Henry Wilson to Rose O'Neal Greenhow
referencedIn Billings/Tyler family papers, 1834-1911. Vermont Historical Society
referencedIn Reconstruction Scrapbook. Reconstruction Scrapbook, 1865-1880 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn John Fries Frazer papers, 1834-1871, 1834-1871 American Philosophical Society
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creatorOf Republican Party (Minn.). State Central Committee. Miscellaneous party papers, 1857-1956. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Pierce, Edward Lillie, 1829-1897,. Letters from various correspondents, 1850-1895 (inclusive), 1852-1878 (bulk). Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Seized Correspondence of Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letters from Henry Wilson to Mrs. Rose O'Neal Greenhow. 8/23/1861 - 8/23/1861. Love Letter from Henry Wilson to Rose O'Neal Greenhow
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873. person
associatedWith Alcott, Amos Bronson, 1799-1888 person
associatedWith Allen, Charles. person
associatedWith Andrew, John A. (John Albion), 1818-1867. person
associatedWith Asher, Louis Eller, 1877-1948. person
associatedWith Ashmun, George A. person
associatedWith Baker, W. H., compiler. person
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 person
associatedWith Banks, Nathaniel Prentiss, 1816-1894. person
correspondedWith Barton, Clara, 1821-1912. person
associatedWith Barton, William Eleazar, 1861-1930, person
associatedWith Beecher family. family
correspondedWith Bird, F. W. (Francis William), 1809-1894 person
associatedWith Bowles, Samuel, 1826-1878. person
correspondedWith Brainard, Charles Henry, 1817-1885 person
associatedWith Buckland, William, 1784-1856 person
associatedWith Butler, Benjamin F. (Benjamin Franklin), 1818-1893. person
associatedWith Butler-Gunsaulus Collection (University of Chicago. Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Carpenter, Evangeline Vreeland Wilson. person
associatedWith Carter, Robert, 1819-1879, person
correspondedWith Cartland family. family
correspondedWith Chandler, William E. (William Eaton), 1835-1917. person
associatedWith Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873. person
associatedWith Child, Lydia Maria, 1802-1880. person
associatedWith Childs, George William, 1829-1894. person
associatedWith Choules, John Overton, 1801-1856. person
associatedWith Clapp, William Warland, 1826-1891 person
associatedWith Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. person
associatedWith Cogswell, William, 1838-1895. person
associatedWith Colfax, Schuyler. person
associatedWith Coolidge, L. Anne Howe. person
associatedWith Coolidge, William L. person
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
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associatedWith Crosby, W. C. person
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associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
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associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith De Gurowski, Adam G., count, 1805-1866. person
associatedWith Douglass, Ebenezer. person
associatedWith Dow, Neal, 1804-1897. person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Eliot, Charles William, 1834-1926 person
associatedWith Emery, Charles Edward, 1838-1898 person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Faxon, William, 1822-1883. person
associatedWith Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869, person
associatedWith Fitch, John person
associatedWith Foster, John Watson, 1836-1917, person
associatedWith Frazer, John Fries, 1812-1872 person
associatedWith Furlong, J. Kennedy, person
associatedWith Garrison, William Lloyd. person
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
associatedWith Gordon, George H. (George Henry), 1825?-1886. person
associatedWith Grant, Ulysses Simpson President. person
correspondedWith Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Gray, John Edward, 1800-1875 person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Greenhow, Rose O'Neal, 1814-1864. person
correspondedWith Griswold, Whiting, 1814-1874. person
associatedWith Hamilton, Gail, 1833-1896. person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
associatedWith Hartt, Charles Frederick, 1840-1878 person
associatedWith Harvard University. Museum of Comparative Zoology. corporateBody
associatedWith Haven, Franklin, 1857-1908 person
associatedWith Hawes, Josiah Johnson, 1808-1901, person
associatedWith Henry Wilson (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911 person
associatedWith Hoar, George Frisbie, 1826-1904. person
associatedWith Hooker, Joseph, 1814-1879. person
associatedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Howe, Caroline C. person
associatedWith Howe family. family
associatedWith Howe, Mary T. person
associatedWith Hunt, Samuel, 1810-1878, person
associatedWith Hyatt, Alpheus, 1838-1902 person
associatedWith Jay, John, 1817-1894. person
associatedWith Johnson, Andrew, 1808-1875. person
associatedWith Kidder, Frederic, 1804-1885 person
associatedWith King, Preston, 1806-1865. person
associatedWith Layard, Austen Henry, Sir, 1817-1894 person
associatedWith LeConte, John L., (John Lawrence), 1825-1883 person
associatedWith LeConte, Joseph, 1823-1901 person
associatedWith Leeser, Isaac person
associatedWith Lesquereux, Leo, 1806-1889 person
associatedWith Lincoln, Mary Todd, 1818-1882. person
associatedWith Livermore, Arthur. person
correspondedWith Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882 person
associatedWith Lossing, Benson John, 1813-1891. person
associatedWith Massachusetts. General Court. Senate. corporateBody
correspondedWith Massachusetts. Militia. corporateBody
associatedWith May, Samuel J. (Samuel Joseph), 1797-1871. person
correspondedWith McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885. person
associatedWith McLane, Allan person
associatedWith Meade, George G. person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Milne-Edwards, H., (Henri), 1800-1885 person
associatedWith Monroe, Mary Ann. person
associatedWith Natick Debating Club (Natick, Mass.) corporateBody
associatedWith Natick Historical Society (Natick, Mass.) corporateBody
associatedWith Newberry Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
correspondedWith Palfrey family. family
correspondedWith Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895 person
associatedWith Parker, Theodore. person
associatedWith Parker, Theodore, 1810-1860. person
associatedWith Parsons, Thomas William, 1819-1892 person
correspondedWith Parton, James, 1822-1891 person
associatedWith Patterson, Robert, 1743-1824 person
correspondedWith Phillips, Wendell, 1811-1884 person
associatedWith Pierce, Edward Lillie, 1829-1897, person
associatedWith Pillsbury, Parker. person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Reconstruction Scrapbook person
associatedWith Reconstruction Scrapbook person
associatedWith Republican Party corporateBody
associatedWith Republican Party (Minn.). State Central Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
associatedWith Santa Anna, Antonio López de, 1794?-1876. person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Schouler, William, 1814-1872. person
associatedWith Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872. person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
associatedWith Smith, Gerrit. person
associatedWith Smith, Gerrit, 1797-1874. person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Stanton, Edwin M. person
associatedWith Stanton, Edwin McMasters, 1814-1869, person
associatedWith Stephens, Alexander H. person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
associatedWith Stowe, C. E. (Calvin Ellis), 1802-1886. person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874 person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
associatedWith Trist, Nicholas Philip, 1800-1874. person
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Colored Infantry Regiment, 104th (1865-1866) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, 22nd (1861-1864) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. Senate. corporateBody
associatedWith Veracruz (Veracruz-Llave, Mexico). Military governor. corporateBody
associatedWith Washburne, E. B. (Elihu Benjamin), 1816-1887. person
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayland, Francis, 1796-1865, person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852. person
associatedWith Weed, Thurlow. person
associatedWith Weymouth, Harrison G. O. (Harrison Gray Otis), b. ca. 1840. person
associatedWith William E. Barton Collection of Lincolniana (University of Chicago) corporateBody
associatedWith Wilson family. family
associatedWith Wilson, Harriet M. Howe, 1824-1870. person
associatedWith Wilson, Henry. person
associatedWith Wilson, Henry Hamilton, d. 1866. person
associatedWith Winsor, Justin, 1831-1897 person
associatedWith Woods, John R., fl. 1867. person
associatedWith Yates, Richard. person
associatedWith Yates, Richard, 1815-1873. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Massachusetts
United States
United States
Massachusetts
Farmington (N.H.)
Massachusetts
Washington (D.C.)
Veracruz (Veracruz-Llave, Mexico)
United States
United States
United States
Natick (Mass.)
United States
United States
Massachusetts--Natick
United States
Confederate States of America
Subject
Debates and debating societies, etc
Zoological museums--Massachusetts
Slavery in the United States--1851-1865
Slavery
Manuscripts, American
Politics--Politics and government--1851-1875
Spies
Natural history
Women--Correspondence
Legislators
African American soldiers--History--19th century
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)
Legislators--Correspondence
Fossils--Collection and preservation
Bills, Legislative--History--19th century--Sources
Scientific expeditions
Naturalists
Science and technology
Senators, U.S. Congress
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Mineralogy--Research--United States
Real property
Geology--Research--United States
Abolitionists--1851-1865
Patronage, Political
Natural history museums--Massachusetts
Decedents' estates
Indians of North America--Government relations--1789-1869--Sources
Vice--Presidents' spouses--Correspondence
Women spies
Zoology
Shoe industry
Monterrey, Battle of, Monterrey, Mexico, 1846
Education--1851-1875
Underground railroad
Religion
Reconstruction--1865-1877
Ships
Soldiers--Pay, allowances, etc
Occupation
Legislators--Massachusetts
Soldiers--United States
Vice Presidents--United States
Legislators--United States
Senators, U.S. Congress--Massachusetts
Function

Person

Birth 1812-02-16

Death 1875-11-22

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6j10b42

SNAC ID: 50900190