Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867

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Scientist, educator, and superintendent of the United States Coast Survey.

From the description of A.D. Bache papers, 1828-1863 (bulk 1836-1863). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70979853

Superintendent of the United States Coast Survey.

From the description of Letter, 1858 November 17. (New York State Library). WorldCat record id: 50458533

Physicist; professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania, 1828-1836 ? Superintendent of U.S. Coast Survey, 1843-1867.

From the description of Letters to Charles Mayer Wetherill, 1856-1864. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 122410618

Alexander Dallas Bache was a physicist, first president of Girard College, Philadelphia, (1836-1848), and superintendent of U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1843-1867.

From the description of Papers, 1835-1864. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122616005

Bache was a Pennsylvania scientist and educator who served as superintendent of the U. S. Coast Survey 1843-1867.

From the description of Letter, July 11, 1862. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 310774252

Charles Babbage was a mathematician and inventor.

From the guide to the Charles Babbage selected correspondence, 1827-1871, 1827-1871, (American Philosophical Society)

American physicist.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, to S. Thayer Abert, 1857 June 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270134327

Bache, Alexander Dallas, an American physicist and educator. Born in Philadelphia, 1806; graduated U.S. Military Academy at West Point, 1825; Lieutenant of Engineers; Assistant Professor of Engineering at U.S. Military Academy, (1825-26), Professor of Natural Philosophy and Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania (1828-36 and 1843-44); first President of Girard College; President of Central High School of Philadelphia and Superintendent of the Public Schools (1841-42); Superintendent of U.S. Coast Survey (1844-67); Vice-President of U.S. Sanitary Commission during Civil War; President of American Philosophical Society and National Academy of Sciences; incorporator of the Smithsonian Institution; author of numerous works on physics and meteorology.

From the description of Papers of Alexander Dallas Bache, 1827-1867. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 122545716

Founder of the National Academy of Sciences.

Alexander Bache was born in 1806. He graduated from Military Academy in 1825 and was appointed an assistant professor immediately. He was President of Girard College and chair at University of Pennsylvania. At his death in 1867, he was the Superintendent of United States Coast Survey, having modernized the project and completed the Surveys of Florida's coastline.

From the description of Letter, 1855. (University of Florida). WorldCat record id: 49962003

Biographical Note

  • 1806, July 19: Born, Philadelphia, Pa.
  • 1821 - 1825 : Attended United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1825 - 1826 : Assistant, Department of Engineering, United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1826 - 1828 : Assigned to the Army Corps of Engineers, Newport, R.I.
  • 1828: Married Nancy Clarke Fowler
  • 1828 - 1836 : Professor of natural philosophy and chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa.
  • 1829: Elected member, American Philosophical Society and the Franklin Institute
  • 1833 - 1836 : Member, Board of Trustees, Girard College, Philadelphia, Pa.
  • 1836: Elected president, Girard College, Philadelphia, Pa. Went to Europe to observe educational institutions, methods, and discipline
  • 1839: Published Report on Education in Europe. Philadelphia: Lydia R. Bailey Appointed principal, Central High School, Philadelphia, Pa.
  • 1840: Resigned as president of Girard College to be superintendent of schools, Philadelphia, Pa.
  • 1842: Professor, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa.
  • 1843 - 1867 : Superintendent, United States Coast Survey
  • 1850 - 1851 : President, American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • 1855 - 1857 : President, American Philosophical Society
  • 1861 - 1865 : Vice president, United States Sanitary Commission
  • 1863: Planned the defense of Philadelphia, Pa., against Robert E. Lee's advance into the North
  • 1863 - 1867 : Charter member and first president, National Academy of Sciences
  • 1864 - 1865 : Visited Europe to recover his health
  • 1867, Feb. 17: Died in Newport, R.I.

From the guide to the A. D. Bache Papers, 1828-1863, (bulk 1836-1863), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Historical Background

The story of the Union Pacific Railroad's involvement with oil and the Tidelands goes back to at least 1911 when the State of California granted the City of Long Beach its tidelands properties for development of commerce, navigation, fisheries, and recreation under a public trust doctine, meaning any development and revenues from such development would have to benefit the state as a whole rather than merely neighboring communities. (The tidelands are defined as land and waterways from the mean high tide to three miles offshore.)

Though oil had been discovered at Signal Hill in 1921, it wasn't until 1932 that oil was discovered in adjacent lands, mainly at the West Wilmington Oil Field. A few years later, the California Legislature gave the California State Lands Commission authority over California's ungranted public trust lands (tidelands, submerged lands, and navigable waters). In 1939 the City of Long Beach Harbor Department created a Petroleum Division and drilled the first well under the tidelands.

The years between 1932 and 1958 saw a succession of court cases and landmark decisions regarding the City's rights to conduct oil operations, property disputes between the City of Long Beach and the Union Pacific Railroad, and the expenditure of oil revenues. Throughout the twentieth century, the tidelands trust doctrine, overseen by the three-member California State Lands Commission, has changed drastically and what exactly is considered state public land use has been a debate since the beginning, leading to lawsuits and jurisdictional amendments over the years.

In the early 1990s, the Port of Long Beach purchased the 725-acre Union Pacific Railroad site, within the Wilmington Field off the coast of Long Beach for $405 million for the land and mineral rights.

From the guide to the Union Pacific Railroad Tidelands records, 1940s-1950s, (USC Libraries Special Collections)

Alexander Dallas Bache was born in Philadelphia on July 19, 1806 to Richard Bache Jr. and Sara Bache, and was a great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin. He graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1825 and then remained there as assistant professor for some time. As a lieutenant in the corps of engineers he was engaged for a short time in the erection of coastal fortifications.

He taught natural philosophy and chemistry at the University of Pennsylvania (1828-1841 and 1842-1843) and from 1839 to 1842 served as the first president of Central High School of Philadelphia, the second oldest public high school in the United States. From 1836 to 1838 he travelled Europe on behalf of the trustees of what later became Girard College; during this time he also studied European systems of education and on his return to the United States published his conclusions in a report. In 1843 he was appointed superintendent of the United States Coast Survey and in this capacity carried out a comprehensive survey, mapping out the entire coast and amassing a vast collection of magnetic and meteorological data. He held this post until his death in Newport, Rhode Island on February 17, 1867.

[Portions of this biographical sketch adapted from "Alexander Dallas Bache," Wikipedia article, retrieved 6 Apr 2007]

From the guide to the Alexander Dallas Bache Letters, 1848-1860, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)

Alexander Dallas Bache (1806-1867) was an important scientific reformer during the early nineteenth century. From his position as superintendent of the United States Coast Survey, and through leadership roles in the scientific institutions of the time, Bache helped bring American science into alignment with the professional nature of its European counterpart. In addition, Bache fostered the reform of public education in America.

On July 19, 1806 Alexander Dallas Bache was born into one of Philadelphia's elite families. The son of Richard Bache and Sophia Dallas, he was Benjamin Franklin's great-grandson, nephew to George Dallas (vice president under James K. Polk), and grandson to Alexander James Dallas (secretary of the treasury under James Madison). In 1821, Bache was admitted to the United States Military Academy at the age of 15, graduating first in his class four years later. He remained at the Academy for an additional two years to teach mathematics and natural history. While serving as a lieutenant in the Army Corps of Engineers, working on the construction of Fort Adams in Newport, R.I., he met Nancy Clarke Fowler whom he would later marry.

Bache left the Army in 1828 to begin an academic career, accepting an appointment as professor of natural philosophy and chemistry at the University of Pennsylvania. Although his scientific interests were broad, he had a particular interest in geophyscial research. While in Philadelphia, he constructed a magnetic observatory, and made extensive research into terrestrial magnetism, and during the 1830s he began to be recognized as a leading figure in the city's scientific community. Bache was an active member of the American Philosphical Society and the Franklin Institute, seeking to raise the professional standards of both institutions and urging them to place a stronger emphasis on original research. While at the Franklin Institute from 1830-1835, Bache led a Federally-funded investigation into steam-boiler explosions, the government's first use of technical experts to examine a matter involving public policy.

In 1836 Bache became interested in educational reform when he was asked to help organize the curriculum at Girard College, of which he later served as president. Bache spent two years in Europe visiting over 250 educational institutions. The result of his visit was a 600 page study, Report on Education in Europe, to the Trustees of the Girard College for Orphans published in 1839. Although Bache was unable to apply the report at Girard College because of its delayed opening, it proved useful in overhauling the curriculum of Philadelphia's Central High School, where he was superintendent from 1839-1842, and was widely influential among American educational reformers, helping to introduce the Prussian educational model to the United States.

After meeting many of the leading savants during a European tour, including Alexander von Humboldt, Francois Arago, and Karl Friedrich Gauss, Bache became convinced of the need to professionalize American science. His opportunity to make an impact came in 1843 with the death of Ferdinand Hassler, superindendent of the U.S. Coast Survey. In the years before the Civil War, the Coast Survey supported more scientists then any other institution in the country, and Bache and his colleagues saw the Survey as a means of gaining federal patronage for science. After a campaign by his friends and colleagues, Bache was named as Hassler's replacement. Over the next two decades Bache transformed the Coast Survey into one of the nation's leading scientific institutions, becoming an important patron of science himself in the process . Bache was not just an administrator, but remained personally involved in field work.

Bache also led the reform of American science through his leadership of an elite group known as the "Lazzaroni" or scientific beggars. The goal of the Lazzaroni was to ensure that the nation's leading scientists kept control of the nation's scientific institutions, and they were instrumental in reforming the American Association for the Advancement of Science (of which Bache was president of in 1850). In his remarkably busy schedule, Bache was a member of the Lighthouse Board (1844-1845), superintendent of the Office of Weights and Measures (1844), and a prominent regent for the Smithsonian Institution, where he convinced fellow Lazzaroni Joseph Henry to become its first secretary. Bache also played a leading role in the creation of the National Academy of Sciences, serving as its first president. When the Americn Civil War broke out, Bache focused the Coast Survey to support the war effort, was vice president of the Sanitary Commision, a consultant to the army and navy on battle plans, a superintended for Philadelphia's defence plans, and a member of the Permanent Commission of the navy in charge of evaluating new weapons. Bache died in Newport, R.I. on February 17, 1867.

From the guide to the A. D. Bache Collection, 1833-1873, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Foulke, William Parker, 1816-1865. Papers, ca. 1840-1865. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf United States Coast Survey. Jamaica Bay / U.S. Coast Survey, A.D. Bache, supt. Brooklyn Historical Society
referencedIn Smithsonian Institution. Records of the Smithsonian Institution, 1831-1906. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Alexander, Stephen, 1806-1883. Stephen Alexander collection, 1827-1882. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866. Autograph letter signed : "Senate Chamber", to Professor Bache, 1845 Mar. 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Reed, Henry, 1808-1854. Lectures, ca. 1841-1853. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Harvard University Archives Photograph Collection: Portraits, ca. 1852-ca. 2004 Harvard University Archives.
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Letter, 1855. University of Florida
referencedIn Mitchell, Maria, 1818-1889. Papers, ca. 1825-1887. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Patterson, Robert Maskell, 1787-1854. Papers, 1775-1853. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Bache Papers-Castle Collection, 1766-1946. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Joseph Winlock letterbook, 1857-1875, 1857-1875 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Letter, 1858 November 17. New York State Library
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Notes on the coast of the United States. Section IV, Coast of North Carolina / by A.D. Bache, Sup'dt U.S.C. Survey. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
creatorOf Union Pacific Railroad Tidelands records, 1940s-1950s USC Libraries Special Collections
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Memorial sketch of the services of Captain A.A. Humphreys, U.S. Topographical Engineers. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Records and results, 1849 / United States Coast Survey, A. Dallas Bache, Supt. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
referencedIn Lewis Cass papers, Cass, Lewis, papers, 1774-1924 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Dodge, Jane Gay, 1881-1963. Papers, 1861-1951 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Notes on the coast of the United States. Section V, Coast of South Carolina / by A.D. Bache, Sup'dt U.S.C. Survey. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
referencedIn Hutton, William, 1797-1860. Letters, 1821-1852. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Peale-Sellers Family Collection, 1686-1963, 1686-1963 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Woolsey family. Woolsey family papers, 1750-1950 (inclusive), 1811-1921 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIc, 1826-1836 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Letters to Charles Mayer Wetherill, 1856-1864. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Papers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Quetelet, Adolphe, 1796-1874. Correspondence, 1822-1872. American Philosophical Society Library
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creatorOf Henry Family. Joseph Henry Collection, 1808, 1825-1878, and related papers to circa 1903. Smithsonian Institution Archives
referencedIn Howe, Letitia T.,. Letitia T. Howe collection, 1822-1876 (bulk 1840-1865). Library of Congress
referencedIn Harwood family. Harwood family papers, 1722-1962. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Letter, 1845. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Robert Hare papers, 1764-1858, 1764-1858 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Maria Mitchell papers, ca. 1825-1887, Circa 1825-1887 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Letter : Washington, D.C., to I[ncrease] [Allen] Lapham, Milwaukee, Wis., 1862 Apr. 16. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Alexander, Stephen, 1806-1883. Stephen Alexander letter, 1837, Jun. 9, Princeton, to "My dear Sir." Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
creatorOf Records of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. 1806 - 1981. General Correspondence of Superintendent Alexander Bache
creatorOf Balbach, Arthur. Chart of Orchard Shoal, Lower Bay, New-York / compiled from the archives of the U.S. Coast Survey, A.D. Bache, supdt., by Arthur Balbach U.S.C.S. ; the hydrography was executed in 1855 & 56 by the party under the command of Lieut. T.A. Craven U.S.N. & Assist. U.S.C.S. ; the topography in 1855 by A.S. Wadsworth U.S.C.S. Library of Congress
referencedIn Elisha Kent Kane Papers, Bulk, 1843-1857, 1810-1953 American Philosophical Society
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creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Autograph letter signed : Washington, to S. Thayer Abert, 1857 June 9. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Alexander Dallas Bache letters, 1826-1864 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Robert Wilson Shufeldt Papers, 1836-1910, (bulk 1860-1880) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
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referencedIn Lesley, J. P. (J. Peter), 1819-1903. Papers, 1826-1898. American Philosophical Society Library
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creatorOf United States Coast Survey. General diagram : [western Philadelphia city and adjacent portions of Delaware and Montgomery counties, Pennsylvania]. Library of Congress
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creatorOf Lawson, James S. Sketch of part of Coose Bay, Oregon / U.S. Coast Survey, A.D. Bache, Superint. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
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creatorOf William L. Clements Library. Lewis Cass papers, 1774-1924. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
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referencedIn Delaware County Institute of Science (Delaware County, Pa.) minutes and papers, [ca. 1833]-1873, Circa 1833-1873 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Letitia T. Howe Collection, 1822-1876, (bulk 1840-1865) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Meteorological observations taken especially for the eclip[s]e at Gunstock Sta near Laconia, Belknap Co. New Hampshire 1860 : original / chief of party, A.D. Bache Supt. ; U.S. Coast Survey, A.D. Bache Supt. Section I. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
referencedIn John Vaughan papers, 1768 - Circa 1936, 1768 - Circa 1936 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Dana family. Dana family papers, 1764-1967 (inclusive), 1805-1961 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Torrey, John, 1796-1873. Papers, 1818-1859. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Palfrey family papers, 1713-1915. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Letters of scientists, 1655-1973. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Bethune, George W. (George Washington), 1805-1862. Letters of George W. Bethune [manuscript], 1846-1854. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn John L. (John Lawrence) LeConte papers, 1812-1897, 1812-1897 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Rogers, Henry J. Henry J. Rogers Papers, 1844-1896. Smithsonian Institution Archives
referencedIn Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878. Autograph letter signed : Princeton, to William Vaughan in London, 1839 Jun. 19. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Papers, 1835-1864. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Rhees, William Jones, 1830-1907. Papers of William Jones Rhees, 1744-1907. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Letters to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1761-1904 (inclusive) 1820-1888 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission. United States Sanitary Commission records, 1861-1878, bulk (1861-1872). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Quetelet, Adolphe, 1796-1874. Correspondence, 1822-1872. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Universiteit van Amsterdam. Bibliotheek. Collection, 1711-1868. Library of Congress
creatorOf Girard, Stephen, 1750-1831. Papers, 1769-1831. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Dana, James Dwight, 1813-1895. Selected letters of James Dwight Dana, 1836-1894 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
creatorOf Alexander Dallas Bache Letters, 1848-1860 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Tidball, John C. (John Caldwell), 1825-1906. Memoir, [ca. 1890?]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Duane Family Collection, 1764-1933 American Philosophical Society
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abert, S. T. (Silvanus Thayer), 1828-1903, person
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873. person
correspondedWith Aldrich, Lloyd person
associatedWith Alexander, J. H. (John Henry), 1812-1867 person
correspondedWith Alexander, Stephen, 1806-1883. person
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
correspondedWith Anderson, Robert, 1805-1871. person
associatedWith Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad Company. corporateBody
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associatedWith Bache, Benjamin Franklin, 1769-1798 person
associatedWith Balbach, Arthur. person
associatedWith Bancroft, George, 1800-1891 person
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 person
associatedWith Barnard, Henry, 1811-1900. person
associatedWith Barnes, H. B. (Henry Broughton) person
associatedWith Batchelder family. family
associatedWith Batchelder, John Montgomery, 1811-1892. person
associatedWith Bates, Francis E. person
associatedWith Beck, Charles Frederick, b. 1806. person
associatedWith Bethune, George W. (George Washington), 1805-1862. person
associatedWith Biddle, Clement C., (Clement Cornell), 1784-1855 person
correspondedWith Binney, Horace, 1780-1875 person
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associatedWith Boutelle, C. O. (Charles Otis) person
associatedWith Bowditch, Henry I., (Henry Ingersoll), 1808-1892 person
associatedWith Bowditch, Nathaniel, 1773-1838 person
associatedWith Bowman, A. H. (Alexander Hamilton), 1803-1865. person
correspondedWith Brainard, Charles Henry, 1817-1885 person
associatedWith Brasch, Frederick E. (Frederick Edward), 1875-1967, person
associatedWith Brewster, David, Sir, 1781-1868 person
associatedWith Brewster, Sir David person
associatedWith Butler-Gunsaulus Collection (University of Chicago. Library) corporateBody
associatedWith California. State Lands Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866. person
associatedWith Castle family family
associatedWith Chambers, Robert. person
associatedWith Chambers, Robert, 1802-1871 person
associatedWith Channing, William Ellery, 1780-1842 person
associatedWith Cheney, T. Apoleon. person
associatedWith Cochran, J. W. person
associatedWith Combe, George, 1788-1858. person
associatedWith Cooper, Peter, 1791-1883. person
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Coquerel, Athanase, 1795-1868. person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
correspondedWith Crittenden, John J. (John Jordan), 1787-1863 person
associatedWith Cullum, George W. (George Washington), 1809-1892. person
associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
correspondedWith Dahlgren, John Adolphus Bernard, 1809-1870 person
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associatedWith Dana family. family
associatedWith Dana family. family
correspondedWith Dana, James Dwight, 1813-1895 person
associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
correspondedWith Davis, Charles Henry, 1807-1877 person
correspondedWith Dean, George W. (George Washington), 1825-1897 person
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associatedWith Dibner, Bern, person
associatedWith Dickins, Asbury, 1780-1861 person
correspondedWith Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887 person
associatedWith Dodge, Jane Gay, 1881-1963. person
associatedWith Duane family family
associatedWith Duane family. family
correspondedWith Dudley, Blandina Bleecker, 1783-1863 person
associatedWith Dudley Observatory. corporateBody
associatedWith Du Pont, Pierre S. (Pierre Samuel), 1870-1954, person
associatedWith Du Pont, Samuel Francis, 1803-1865. person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Emory, William H. (William Hemsley), 1811-1887. person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Featherstonhaugh, George William, 1780-1866 person
associatedWith Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. person
associatedWith Fillmore, Millard, 1800-1874 person
associatedWith Fitch, John person
associatedWith Flourens, P. (Pierre), 1794-1867. person
associatedWith Foulke, William Parker, 1816-1865. person
associatedWith Franklin Institute (Philadelphia, Pa.). Committee on Science and Arts. corporateBody
associatedWith Frazer family. family
associatedWith Frazer, John Fries, 1812-1872. person
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
correspondedWith Gibbes, Lewis Reeves, 1810-1894. person
associatedWith Gilbert, Samuel Augustus, 1825-1868. person
associatedWith Girard College. corporateBody
associatedWith Girard, Stephen, 1750-1831. person
correspondedWith Gould, Benjamin Apthorp, 1824-1896 person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Hale, Charles person
associatedWith Hale, Charles, 1831-1882 person
associatedWith Hancock, Henry, 1822-1883 person
associatedWith Hansen, George, 1824-1897 person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
associatedWith Hare, Robert, 1781-1858. person
associatedWith Harris, Joseph S. (Joseph Smith), 1836-1910. person
associatedWith Harwood family. family
correspondedWith Hayes, I. I. (Isaac Israel), 1832-1881 person
associatedWith Hayes, John D. (John Daniel), 1902-1991. person
associatedWith Henry Family. family
associatedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878. person
associatedWith Hilgard, Julius Erasmus, 1825-1891 person
correspondedWith Howe, Letitia T., person
associatedWith Howgate, Henry W. person
associatedWith Hughes, George W., (George Wurtz), 1806-1870 person
associatedWith Hutton, William, 1797-1860. person
associatedWith JANE GAY DODGE, 1881-1963 person
correspondedWith Kane, Elisha Kent, 1820-1857 person
associatedWith Kane, John K. (John Kintzing), 1795-1858. person
associatedWith Keating, William Hypolitus, 1799-1840. person
associatedWith King, Horatio, 1811-1897 person
correspondedWith Langdon, William Chauncy, 1831-1895. person
associatedWith Lapham, Increase Allen, 1811-1875. person
associatedWith Lawrence, Cornelius Van Wyck, 1791-1861. person
associatedWith Lawson, James S. person
associatedWith LeConte, John L. (John Lawrence), 1825-1883. person
associatedWith Lee, Samuel Phillips, 1812-1897 person
associatedWith Lesley, Allen person
associatedWith Lesley, J. P. (J. Peter), 1819-1903. person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. person
associatedWith Lippincott, Joseph Barlow, 1864-1942 person
correspondedWith Lloyd, Humphrey, 1800-1881 person
correspondedWith Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882 person
associatedWith Loomis, Elias, 1811-1889 person
correspondedWith Los Angeles (Calif.). Harbor Dept.. corporateBody
associatedWith Los Angeles & Salt Lake Railroad Company corporateBody
associatedWith Maury, Matthew Fontaine, 1806-1873 person
associatedWith McCulloh, R. S. (Richard Sears), 1818-1894. person
associatedWith Meredith family. family
associatedWith Meriam, Eben[ezer], 1794-1864. person
associatedWith Mitchell, Maria, 1818-1889. person
associatedWith Mordecai, Alfred, 1804-1887. person
associatedWith Morton, Samuel George, 1799-1851 person
associatedWith Murray, Joseph Bradley, 1888-1961, person
associatedWith National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith Nicolay, John G. (John George), 1832-1901. person
associatedWith Norton, Andrews, 1786-1853. person
associatedWith Norton, Charles Eliot, 1827-1908 person
associatedWith Olcott, Thomas W. (Thomas Worth), 1795-1880. person
associatedWith Olmsted, Frederick Law, 1822-1903. person
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associatedWith Pacific Electric Railway Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Paine, Robert Treat, 1803-1885 person
associatedWith Paine, R. T. person
correspondedWith Palfrey family. family
associatedWith Patterson, C. P. (Carlile Pollock), 1816-1881. person
associatedWith Patterson, Robert, 1743-1824 person
associatedWith Patterson, Robert Maskell, 1787-1854. person
associatedWith Peale-Sellers families. person
associatedWith Peirce, Benjamin, 1809-1880. person
associatedWith Pickering, John, 1777-1846 person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Pope, John, 1822-1892. person
associatedWith Potter, Alonzo, 1800-1865. person
correspondedWith Preble, George Henry, 1816-1885 person
associatedWith Quetelet, Adolphe, 1796-1874. person
associatedWith Radley, Mr. person
associatedWith Railroad Commission of the State of California. corporateBody
associatedWith Redfield, W. C. (William C.), 1789-1857 person
associatedWith Reed, Henry, 1808-1854. person
associatedWith Rhees, William Jones, 1830-1907. person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Roach, Hannah Benner. person
correspondedWith Rodgers, John, 1812-1882 person
associatedWith Rogers, Henry J. person
associatedWith Royal Society (Great Britain). corporateBody
associatedWith Ruggles, Samuel B. (Samuel Bulkley), 1800-1881. person
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
correspondedWith Sabine, Edward, Sir, 1788-1883 person
associatedWith San Pedro, Los Angeles & Salt Lake Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Schofield, John McAllister, 1831-1906. person
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associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
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correspondedWith Silliman, Benjamin, 1816-1885 person
associatedWith Silliman, Benjamin, Sr., 1779-1864 person
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correspondedWith Smithsonian Institution. corporateBody
associatedWith Southern Pacific Company. corporateBody
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associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. person
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correspondedWith Stevens, Isaac Ingalls, 1818-1862 person
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associatedWith Stevenson, David person
associatedWith Stevenson, David, 1815-1886. person
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correspondedWith Stokes, Whitley, 1763-1845 person
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associatedWith Upshur, Abel Percy. person
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associatedWith Vaughan, John, 1756-1841 person
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correspondedWith Waring, George E. (George Edwin), 1833-1898 person
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associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
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associatedWith Woolsey family. family
associatedWith Woolsey family. family
associatedWith Woolsey family. family
Place Name Admin Code Country
Chesapeake Bay (Md. and Va.)
Chesapeake Bay (Md. and Va.)
North Carolina--Atlantic Coast
Philadelphia (Pa.)
California, Southern
United States
United States
Gulf Stream
Atlantic Coast (Ga.)
United States
Port of Long Beach
Europe
West Florida
Huntington Beach (Calif.)
Long Beach Harbor (Calif.)
Georgia
North Carolina
Atlantic Coast (U.S.)
United States
Long Beach (Calif.)
Los Angeles (Calif.)
San Pedro (Los Angeles, Calif.)
York River (Va.)
Arctic regions
Europe
Wilmington (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Mississippi Sound
South Carolina
Atlantic Coast (U.S.)
Mexico, Gulf of
Atlantic Coast (N.C.)
James River (Va.)
Aliso Street Viaduct
San Gabriel River (Calif.)
Delaware Bay (Del. and N.J.)
Mobile Bay (Ala.)
Terminal Island (Calif.)
Atlantic Coast (S.C.)
United States
Alabama--Mobile Bay
Virginia
Rappahannock River (Va.)
Subject
Lighthouse
Natural history
Education--Methodology
Cooper Union
Hydrographic surveying
Transportation--California, Southern--Archival resources
Calculators
Bishops--Correspondence
Geomagnetism
Electricity
Topographical surveying--California, Southern--Archival resources
Regional planning--California, Southern--Archival resources
Hydrography--California, Southern--Archival resources
Scientists--Archives
Astronomy--Research
Hydrographic surveying--California, Southern--Archival resources
Education
Antebellum Politics
Scientists--Correspondence
Geodesy
Hygrometry
National Academy of Sciences
Weights and measures
United States Coast Survey
Navigation
Science and technology
Scientific expeditions
Early National Politics
Geology
Science--History--19th century--Sources
Tides
Ocean currents
Coastal mapping--California, Southern--Archival resources
Discoveries in science
Surveying--Law and legislation--United States--Archival resources
Physicists--United States
Science--Experiments
Scientists--Great Britain
Science and medicine
International relations
Engineering
Railroads--California, Southern--Archival resources
Submerged lands--California--Maps
Geological Survey of the State of New Jersey
Geodesy--California, Southern--Archival resources
Education--Europe--Methodology
Phrenology
Educators--Archives
Navigation--Atlantic Coast (U.S.)
Girard College
United States Naval Expedition to Japan, 1852-1854--Sources
Viaducts--California--Los Angeles--Archival resources
Weights and measures--United States
College presidents--Correspondence
Ranches--California--Los Angeles County--History--Archival resources
Occupation
Scientists
Physicists
Educators
Function

Person

Birth 1806-07-19

Death 1867-02-17

Americans

English

Information

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