Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Physicist. Major affiliations include: Princeton University, 1930-1937; Westinghouse Co., Pittsburgh, PA, 1937-1945; National Bureau of Standards, Washington, DC, 1945-1951; Washington University, St. Louis, MO, 1956-1963; and Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, Boulder, CO from 1963.

From the description of Public relations file on Condon, mostly pertaining to the attack on his loyalty by the House Committee on Un-American Activities, 1948-1974. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84244064

Edward Uhler Condon was a physicist who served as director of the National Bureau of Standards (1945-1951). He also was the director of research and development (1951-1954) and consulting phsicist (1954-1974) at Corning Glass Works.

From the description of Papers, ca. 1920-1974. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 86165445

Edward Uhler Condon was a physicist who served as director of the National Bureau of Standards (1945-1951). In 1966, the Air Force urged and sponsored his research on unidentified flying objects and in 1968 he presented his Condon Report.

From the description of UFO collection, ca. 1947-1969. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122578925

Theoretical physicist Edward Uhler Condon served as director of the National Bureau of Standards (1945-1951).

From the guide to the Address presented at the 25th anniversary of the atomic time-keeper at Boulder laboratory, Colorado, 22 February 1974, February 22, 1974, (American Philosophical Society)

Edward Uhler Condon was a physicist who served as director of the National Bureau of Standards (1945-1951).

From the description of Address, 1974 Feb. 22, presented at the 25th anniversary of the atomic time-keeper at Boulder laboratory, Colorado. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 154298177

Born in Alamagordo, New Mexico, on March 2, 1902, E. U. Condon spent a life in theoretical physics that brought him into many of the major developments in the field, from the quantum revolution of the 1920s to the nuclear and electronic revolution of the 1950s and 1960s. Making substantial contributions as a scientist and administrator in academia, industry, and in service to the government, Condon also tasted his fair share of controversy.

After high school, Condon initially set his sights a career in journalism, working at the Oakland Tribune during the summer of 1918 to gain experience, and continuing work on the side when he entered the University of California, Berkeley. While enrolling, dropping out, and re-enrolling from college, however, Condon discovered physics and set off on a different course. Receiving a bachelors degree with highest honors in 1924, he entered into doctoral studies at Berkeley under James Franck, and two years later, after a fevered weekend of work, produced a landmark dissertation. In this dissertation, Condon quantified the effect of light on molecular transitions and established the separability of electronic and vibrational motions in molecules which became known as the Franck-Condon principle.

Following the standard rite of passage for an American student of physics in the early 20th century, Condon accepted a National Research Council fellowship to study in Germany during the fall of 1926 and spring of 1927. Under Max Born and Arnold Sommerfeld at GC6ttingen and Munich, respectively, he applied himself to quantum theory, and after his return to the United States in 1927, took a position in public relations with Bell Telephone Laboratories.

In the spring of 1928, Condon's academic career began in earnest when he was hired as lecturer for two graduate courses at Columbia University (in quantum mechanics and the electromagnetic theory of light). His skill in interpreting the new developments in these areas earned him offers for a permanent position from six different institutions, of which he chose Princeton. He later considered the year 1928-1929 as the most productive of his academic life, capped by his work with R. W. Gurney in the development of the barrier leakage picture of alpha-particle radioactivity and quantum mechanical tunneling. Condon's and Gurney's ideas, which had been brewing simultaneously in the mind of George Gamow, represented the first application of quantum mechanics to the details of atomic structure. At Princeton, he and Philip M. Morse also produced the first English language book on quantum mechanics, Quantum Mechanics (New York: McGraw Hill, 1929).

Thus by the age of 27, Condon had earned a sufficient academic reputation to merit appointment as full professor at the University of Minnesota, though he almost immediately returned to Princeton. In this second stint at Princeton, Condon expanded his research interests to work with Gregory Breit and Richard Present on proton-proton scattering, demonstrating charge independence in the strong nuclear interaction and to early work in mass spectroscopy. His Theory of Atomic Spectra (with G.H. Shortley, 1936) is a classic in the field.

In 1937, Condon left Princeton to begin a new phase in his career -- industry -- when he accepted a position as associate director of research at Westinghouse in Pittsburgh, where he steered the corporation toward work in nuclear energy, and toward a greater emphasis on primary research. With the war looming in 1940, however, Condon moved to the Radiation Laboratory at MIT to work on air-borne radar, and in the winter 1942, was chosen by Robert Oppenheimer to help organize the secret Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, with the hopes that he would apply his experience in mass spectroscopy to the separation of uranium isotopes. Struggling with Leslie Groves, the military head of the laboratory, to maintain his civilian status, Condon returned to Westinghouse to work on microwave radar in 1943 and to the Radiation Laboratory at Berkeley to work on uranium separation.

After the war, Condon was appointed director of the National Bureau of Standards, where he created new divisions in applied mathematics and electronics which collaborated in the development of the first automatically-sequenced high-speed digital computers, and at the same time acted as science advisor to Senator Brian McMahon, chair of the special committee on atomic energy in the Senate. Condon's influence with McMahon was instrumental in the formulation of the McMahon-Douglas bill of August 1946, which established the Atomic Energy Commission, which safeguarded a civilian role in overseeing the development of nuclear energy and weaponry. His public activities drew the unwanted attention of the House Un-American Activities Commission (HUAC), which publicly accused Condon of being a liability for national security.

With the zealous prosecution of Congressman J. Parnell Thomas, head of HUAC, Condon was accused in 1952 of being "one of the weakest links in our atomic security." Condon's security clearance was questioned repeatedly, and exonerated equally often, but HUAC refused to retract its allegations. Despite the absence of evidence against him, Condon was compromised in his ability to perform at the National Bureau of Standards, and therefore resigned to become head of research at Corning Glass Works. Even this, however, did not end his troubles with HUAC. In October 1954, the Secretary of the Navy intervened to have Condon's security clearance revoked in connection with naval research being conducted at Corning. Vice President Richard Nixon hinted in campaign speeches that he had been personally involved in the suspension.

As a result of his on-going struggle with the government, Condon returned to academia, teaching at Oberlin for two years and at Washington University for seven before moving to the University of Colorado as professor of physics and fellow of the Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics.

At Colorado, Condon's security clearance was restored, and he was once again consulted by the government. From 1966 to 1968, he headed a project, "the Scientific Study of Unidentified Flying Objects," undertaken at Colorado by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research to investigate claims of Unidentified Flying Objects. The "Condon Report," issued in 1968, confirmed Condon's prior skepticism with regard to UFOs, although Condon (given sole responsibility for the content of the report) and his researchers were not always in complete agreement. Nevertheless, the negative conclusion was quickly supported by the National Academy of Sciences and contributed to the decision of the Air Force to suspend Project Blue Book.

Even in the most turbulent periods of his career, Condon received the accolades of his peers. He served as president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1953 when he was most beleaguered by HUAC, was president of the Society for Social Responsibility in Science (1968-1969), and chair of the National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy (1970), and he was a member of the National Academy of Sciences (1944), the American Physical Society (President, 1946), and the American Philosophical Society (1949). He died in Boulder in 1974, leaving his wife, Emilie Honzik, and three children.

From the guide to the Edward U. Condon Papers, Circa 1920-1974, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Hoffmann, Banesh, 1906-. Oral history interview with Banesh Hoffmann, 1984 October 13. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Wigner, Eugene Paul, 1902-1995. Oral history interview with Eugene Paul Wigner, 1984 April 12. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf American Physical Society. Meeting (1966 : Minneapolis, Minn.). Dedication of Tate Laboratory of Physics [sound recording] / 1966. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Phillips, Melba, 1907-. Oral history interview with Melba Newell Phillips, 1977 December 5. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Inglis, David Rittenhouse, 1905-1995. Conversations with David Inglis, [videorecording] Feb.-May, 1989 American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Herring, William Conyers, 1914-. Oral history interview with William Conyers Herring, 1974 July 23, 29, 31 October. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists. Records, 1946-1951 (inclusive). University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Philip J. Klass Collection, 1948-2000 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967. Oral history interview with J. Robert Oppenheimer, 1963 November 18 and 20. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn David Rittenhouse Inglis Papers FS 033., 1929-1980, 1965-1980 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries
creatorOf Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974. What next? The story of one American physicist, 1948. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Franck, James, 1882-1964. Oral history joint interview with James Franck and Hertha Sponer-Franck, 1962 July 9 to 14. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn New York University. Office of the President. Office of the President administrative records, 1951-1965. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Golovin, Nicholas E. (Nicholas Erasmus), 1912-1969. Papers of Nicholas E. Golovin, 1943-1970 (bulk 1958-1969). Library of Congress
referencedIn Consumers' Research, Inc. Politics general files--front organizations and fellow travelers, 1935-1980. Rutgers University
referencedIn Slater, John C. (John Clarke), 1900-1976. Papers, 1908-1976. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974. Public relations file on Condon, mostly pertaining to the attack on his loyalty by the House Committee on Un-American Activities, 1948-1974. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Smyth, Henry De Wolf, 1898-1986. Papers, [ca. 1939]-1986. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962. Letters to NBS staff on "Atomic Energy Levels," 1949-1971. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn I. I. Rabi Papers, 1899-1989, (bulk 1945-1968) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn Sommerfeld, Arnold, 1868-1951. Letters to Edward Uhler Condon, 1929-1949. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Ernst P. Boas Papers, ca. 1907-1955 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Fry, Thornton Carl, 1892-. Letter to Edward Uhler Condon concerning Condon's article, Food and the theory of probablilty. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Seitz, Frederick, 1911-2008. Oral history interview with Frederick Seitz, 1981 January 26 to 1982 March 16. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Seitz, Frederick, 1911-2008. The Princeton years and beyond, 1930-1940: Invited paper for the March 1992 meeting of the American Physical Society, 1992. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Wheeler, John Archibald, 1911-2008. Papers, [ca. 1950s-1970s]. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn McMillan, Edwin M. (Edwin Mattison), 1907-. Oral history interview with Edwin M. McMillan, 1972 June 1 to 31 October. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Blewett, John P. (John Paul), 1910-. Oral history interview with John P. Blewett, 1979 March 22 and 11 May. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Niels Bohr Library. The Emilio Segrè visual archives, A-D, [ca. 1870]-9999. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Bethe, Hans A. (Hans Albrecht), 1906-2005,. Hans Albrecht Bethe oral histories, 1966-1981. Cornell University Library
referencedIn McCrea, William Hunter. Oral history interview with William Hunter McCrea, 1978 September 22. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Inventory of the Roy Craig Collection on the Scientific Study of Unidentified Flying Objects: SCIF MSS 00151., 1963-ca. 2002 Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn Letters to John Torrence Tate, 1928. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Hansen, W. W. (William Webster), 1909-1949. William Webster Hansen papers, 1928-1974. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Shapley, Harlow, 1885-1972. Oral history interview with Harlow Shapley, 1966 June 8 to August 25. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Löwdin, Per-Olov, 1916-2000. Oral history interview with Per Olov Löwdin, 1975 January 27. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Hutchisson, Elmer, 1902-. Papers, 1919-1982. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Rabi, I. I. (Isidor Isaac), 1898-1988. I.I. Rabi papers, 1899-1989 (bulk 1945-1968). Library of Congress
creatorOf Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974. UFO collection, ca. 1947-1969. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Philip McCord Morse papers, 1927-1980 Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Institute Archives and Special Collections
referencedIn Papers concerning UFOs, 1952-1976, 1952-1976 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Address presented at the 25th anniversary of the atomic time-keeper at Boulder laboratory, Colorado, 22 February 1974, February 22, 1974 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Demerec, M. (Milislav), 1895-1966. Papers, 1919-1966. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Papers of Drew Pearson. 1915 - 1969. Files from the Georgetown Office and Residence
referencedIn John Archibald Wheeler Papers, 1880-2008, 1880-2008 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Loeb, Leonard B. (Leonard Benedict), 1891-. Oral history interview with Leonard B. Loeb, 1962 August 7. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Niels Bohr Library. History of physics manuscript biography collection A-C, 1901-1989, [ca. 1960]-1989 (bulk). Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Bartlett, Albert A. (Albert Allen), 1923-. Papers pertaining to the unsuccessful nomination of J. Robert Oppenheimer, Edward U. Condon, and George Gamow for the 1967 Nobel prize in physics. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Boulder Chamber of Commerce. National Bureau of Standards groundbreaking ceremony. Boulder Public Library
referencedIn United States Sanitary Commission records. Army and Navy Claim Agency archives, 1861-1870 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Stepanek, Joseph E., 1917-2008,. Oral history interview with Joseph E. Stepanek, [DVD] / interviewed by Pat Cypher and filmed by Ann Gillis, 2007. Boulder Public Library
referencedIn Golovin, Nicholas E. (Nicholas Erasmus), 1912-1969. Papers, 1943-1970 (bulk 1958-1969). Library of Congress
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 1903 - 2006. Biography Files for Committee Members
referencedIn Koch, Herman William, 1920-. Oral history interview with Herman William Koch, 1986 September 16 to 10 March 1987. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Records of the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 1830 - 1994. Moving Images Documenting Scientific Tests, Research and Experiments. 1937 - 1987. New building dedication
referencedIn Pyler, Earle Keith, 1897-1976. Intellectual autobiography, 1962. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Koch, Herman William, 1920-. Ed Condon and the NBS Radiation Physics Laboratory, 2002. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Alumni Association (University of Michigan), Individual Photographs, ca. 1880-ca. 1960s Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Hofstadter, Robert, 1915-1990. Response to 1988 History of Nuclear Physics Survey, 1985-1988. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Alpher, Ralph. Oral history interview with Ralph Alpher and a joint interview with Robert Herman, 1983 August 11 and 12. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Morse, Philip M. (Philip McCord), 1903-1985. Autobiographical data, ca. 1962. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Archive for the History of Quantum Physics, 1898-1950 (bulk), 1898-1950 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Nier, Alfred O. (Alfred Otto), 1911-1994. Alfred O.C. Nier papers, 1930-1996. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
creatorOf Meyerhoff, Howard A. (Howard Augustus), 1899-. Papers, 1916-1982. University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
referencedIn Milislav Demerec Papers, 1919-1966 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Henry A. Erikson papers, 1896-1951 University of Minnesota Libraries. University of Minnesota Archives. [uarc]
creatorOf Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974. Papers, ca. 1920-1974. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn American Institute of Physics. Office of the Director. Records of Henry A. Barton, 1931-1964. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Nicholas E. Golovin Papers, 1943-1970, (bulk 1958-1969) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn John Clarke Slater Papers, 1908-1976 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn McMillan, Edwin M. (Edwin Mattison), 1907-. Edwin M. McMillan interview, 1972, June 1 and October 30. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Boas, Ernst Phillip, 1891-1955. Papers, 1907-1980. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf American Institute of Physics 20th Anniversary Symposium (1951: Chicago, Illinois). Invited papers on physics today [sound recording] American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Wigner, Eugene Paul, 1902-1995. Oral history interview with Eugene Paul Wigner, 1966 November 30. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Alfred O.C. Nier papers, 1930-1996 University of Minnesota Libraries. University of Minnesota Archives. [uarc]
referencedIn Birge, Raymond T. (Raymond Thayer), b. 1887. History of the [University of California, Berkeley] Physics Department, 1868-1942. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Senate. 1789 - 2015. Administrative Files
creatorOf Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974. Oral history interview with Edward Uhler Condon, 1967 October 17 to 12 September 1973. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974. Address, 1974 Feb. 22, presented at the 25th anniversary of the atomic time-keeper at Boulder laboratory, Colorado. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Menzel, Donald H. (Donald Howard), 1901-1976. Papers concerning UFOs, 1952-1976. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Edward U. Condon Papers, Circa 1920-1974 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Pauling, Linus, 1901-1994. Oral history interview with Linus Carl Pauling, 1964 March 27. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Inglis, David Rittenhouse, 1905-1995. Oral history interview with David Rittenhouse Inglis, 1977 May 9 and 10. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn McDonald, James E., 1920-1971. James E. McDonald papers, (1904-1997) University of Arizona Libraries
referencedIn Slater, John C. (John Clarke), 1900-1976. Oral history interview with John Clarke Slater, 1970 February 23 and 7. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Abraham, Max, 1875-1922 person
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Alpher, Ralph. person
associatedWith Amaldi, Edoardo, 1908-1989 person
associatedWith American Association for the Advancement of Science. corporateBody
associatedWith American Institute of Physics 20th Anniversary Symposium (1951: Chicago, Illinois) corporateBody
associatedWith American Institute of Physics. Office of the Director. corporateBody
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Physical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Physical Society and American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Physical Society. Meeting (1966 : Minneapolis, Minn.) corporateBody
associatedWith American-Soviet Science Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American-Soviet Science Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Andrade, E. N. da C., (Edward Neville da Costa), 1887-1971 person
associatedWith Araujo, R. J. person
associatedWith Atkins, Kenneth Robert, 1920-1995 person
associatedWith Back, Ernst, 1881-1959 person
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 person
associatedWith Barney, W. H. person
associatedWith Bartlett, Albert A. (Albert Allen), 1923- person
associatedWith Bauer, Edmond, 1880-1963 person
associatedWith Baum, George person
associatedWith Beall, G. H. person
associatedWith Becquerel, Jean, 1878-1953 person
associatedWith Bell Telephone Laboratories, inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Benedicks, Carl Axel Fredrik, 1875-1953 person
associatedWith Berliner, Arnold, 1862-1942 person
associatedWith Bethe, Hans A. (Hans Albrecht), 1906-2005. person
associatedWith Birge, Raymond T. (Raymond Thayer), b. 1887. person
associatedWith Blewett, John P. (John Paul), 1910- person
associatedWith Boas, Ernst Phillip, 1891-1955. person
associatedWith Bohr, Niels Henrik David, 1885-1962 person
associatedWith Born, Max, 1882-1970 person
associatedWith Borrelli, N. F. person
associatedWith Boulder Chamber of Commerce. corporateBody
associatedWith Branscomb, Lewis M., 1926- person
associatedWith Breit, Gregory, 1899-1981. person
associatedWith Briggs, Lyman J., b. 1874. person
associatedWith Broglie, Louis de, 1892-1987 person
associatedWith Bronk, Detlev Wulf, 1897-1975. person
associatedWith Brothers, J. A. person
associatedWith Chubb, Lewis Warrington, b. 1882. person
associatedWith Churchill, Winston, 1874-1965. person
associatedWith Cockcroft, John, Sir, 1897-1967 person
associatedWith Columbia University. corporateBody
associatedWith Compton, Arthur Holly, 1892-1962. person
associatedWith Condon, Joseph Henry and R. E. Walstedt person
associatedWith Consumers' Research, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Corning Glass Works. corporateBody
associatedWith Coster, Dirk, 1889-1950 person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
associatedWith Courant, Richard, 1888-1972. person
associatedWith Craig, Roy person
associatedWith Crosswhite, Hannah. person
associatedWith Curtis, Charles P. person
associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
associatedWith Darwin, Charles Galton, Sir, 1887-1962 person
associatedWith David, Nathan H. person
associatedWith David, Nathan H. person
associatedWith Davies, R. O. and Jones, G. R. person
associatedWith Davis, Harold L. person
associatedWith Dean, W. W. person
associatedWith Debarbat, Suzanne, et al. person
associatedWith Debye, Peter J. W., (Peter Josef William), 1884-1966 person
associatedWith Dedijer, Steven. person
associatedWith DeFacio, B. person
associatedWith Demerec, M. (Milislav), 1895-1966. person
associatedWith Derr, Willard A. person
associatedWith Dieke, Gerhard Heinrich, 1901-1965 person
associatedWith Dirac, P. A. M., (Paul Adrien Maurice), 1902-1984 person
associatedWith Doman, R. C. person
associatedWith Douglas, Helen Gahagan. person
associatedWith Drake, R. W. person
associatedWith DuBridge, Lee A. (Lee Alvin), 1901-1994. person
associatedWith Dumbaugh, W. H. person
associatedWith DuMond, Jesse W. M., (Jesse William Monroe), 1892-1976 person
associatedWith Durr, Clifford J., (Clifford Judkins), 1899-1975 person
associatedWith Durr, Virginia Foster. person
associatedWith Dwyer, T. J. person
associatedWith Eastern Industrial Personnel Security Board. corporateBody
associatedWith Eaton, D. L. person
associatedWith Eddington, Arthur Stanley, Sir, 1882-1944 person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
associatedWith Ehrenfest, Paul, 1880-1933 person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Eisenhart, Churchill. person
associatedWith Elmer, T. H. person
associatedWith Elsasser, W. M. and King, J. I. person
associatedWith Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists. corporateBody
associatedWith Erikson, Henry A. (Henry Anton), b. 1869 person
associatedWith Evans, D. L. person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Fand, U. person
associatedWith Farrauto, R. J. person
associatedWith Federation of American Scientists. corporateBody
associatedWith Feenberg, Eugene person
associatedWith Fehlner, F. P. person
associatedWith Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954 person
associatedWith Fitch, John person
associatedWith Fokker, A. D., (Adriaan Daniel), 1887-1972 person
associatedWith Fowler, A., (Alfred), 1868-1940 person
associatedWith Fowler, Levan, Hawes & Symington. corporateBody
associatedWith Franck, James, 1882-1964. person
associatedWith Freeman, Frank S. person
associatedWith Frenkel, J. I. and T. A. Kontorova. person
associatedWith Friedlander, Michael W. person
associatedWith Fry, Thornton Carl, 1892- person
associatedWith Gallagher, Joe Harold. person
associatedWith Gamow, George, 1904-1968. person
associatedWith Garfinkel, H. M. person
associatedWith Garstang, R. H. person
associatedWith Gazis, Denos C. and Robert Herman. person
associatedWith Gazis, Denos C., Robert Herman and Renfrey B. Potts. person
associatedWith Gebbie, K. B. person
associatedWith Geiger, G. A. person
associatedWith Gellhorn, Walter. person
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
associatedWith Gerlach, Walther, 1889-1979 person
associatedWith Godfredson, Eugene. person
associatedWith Golovin, Nicholas E. (Nicholas Erasmus), 1912-1969. person
associatedWith Gottlieb, Sanford. person
associatedWith Goudsmit, Samuel Abraham, 1902-1978 person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Gray, Dwight E. and Robert S. Bray. person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Greene, Charles H. person
associatedWith Griffy, T. A. person
associatedWith Groves, Leslie R., 1896-1970. person
associatedWith Gurney, Ronald W. (Ronald Wilfrid) person
associatedWith Gurney-Taylor, Natalie person
associatedWith Gurney-Taylor, Natalie. person
associatedWith Haber, Fritz, 1868-1934 person
associatedWith Hadamard, J. person
associatedWith Hansen, W. W. (William Webster), 1909-1949. person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
associatedWith Harriman, W. Averell (William Averell), 1891-1986. person
associatedWith Heisenberg, Werner, 1901-1976 person
associatedWith Herman, Robert, Elliott W. Montroll, Renfrey B. Potts, and Richard W. Rothery. person
associatedWith Herring, William Conyers, 1914- person
associatedWith Hilbert, David, 1862-1943 person
associatedWith Hoffmann, Banesh, 1906- person
associatedWith Hofstadter, Robert, 1915-1990. person
associatedWith Holifield, Chet. person
associatedWith Humphrey, Hubert H. person
associatedWith Humphreys, Curtis J. person
associatedWith Hutchins, Robert M., Scott Buchanan, Donald N. Michael, Chalmers Sherwin, James Real, and Lynn White, Jr. person
associatedWith Hutchisson, Elmer, 1902- person
associatedWith Inglis, David Rittenhouse, 1905- person
associatedWith International Education Board. corporateBody
associatedWith Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics. corporateBody
associatedWith Joliot-Curie, Frédéric person
associatedWith Jones, G. O. person
associatedWith Jordan, Pascual, 1902-1980 person
associatedWith Kamen, Martin David, 1913-2002. person
associatedWith Kamerlingh Onnes, Heike, 1853-1926 person
associatedWith Kapitsa, P. L., (Petr Leonidovich), 1894-1984 person
associatedWith Kayser, H., (Heinrich), 1853-1940 person
associatedWith Kemble, Edwin C., (Edwin Crawford), 1889-1984 person
associatedWith Kendall, O. W. person
associatedWith Klass, Philip J. person
associatedWith Klein, Oskar, 1894-1977 person
associatedWith Koch, Herman William, 1920- person
associatedWith Korda, E. J. person
associatedWith Kramers, Hendrik Anthony, 1894-1952 person
associatedWith Kroll, Norman M. person
associatedWith Kunz, H. J. person
associatedWith Ladenburg, Rudolf Walter, 1882-1952 person
associatedWith Langevin, Paul, 1872-1946 person
associatedWith Laue, Max von, 1879-1960 person
associatedWith Lawless, W. N. person
associatedWith Lawrence, Ernest Orlando, 1901-1958. person
associatedWith Lawrence Radiation Laboratory. corporateBody
associatedWith Libby, Leona Marshall, 1919- person
associatedWith Lin, Lan-Ying. person
associatedWith Loeb, Leonard B. (Leonard Benedict), 1891- person
associatedWith London, Fritz, 1900-1954 person
associatedWith Los Alamos National Laboratory. corporateBody
associatedWith Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. corporateBody
associatedWith Löwdin, Per-Olov, 1916-2000. person
associatedWith Lubrand, G. J. person
associatedWith Marchioni, A. J. person
associatedWith Marrus, Richard. person
associatedWith Masket, Albert Victor. person
associatedWith Massachusetts Institute of Technology. corporateBody
associatedWith Matlock, Robert G. person
associatedWith Maurer, R. D. person
associatedWith McCarthy, Joseph R., et al. person
associatedWith McCrea, William Hunter. person
associatedWith McDonald, James E., 1920-1971. person
associatedWith McGraw-Hill Book Company. corporateBody
associatedWith McLelland, G. W. person
associatedWith McLennan, J. C., (John Cunningham), 1867-1935 person
associatedWith McMillan, Edwin M. (Edwin Mattison), 1907- person
associatedWith McPherson, Archibald T. person
associatedWith Medrud, R. C. person
associatedWith Megles, J. E. person
associatedWith Meiling, G. S. person
associatedWith Meitner, Lise, 1878-1968 person
associatedWith Menzel, Donald H. (Donald Howard), 1901-1976. person
associatedWith Merzbacher, Eugen person
associatedWith Meyerhoff, Howard A. (Howard Augustus), 1899- person
associatedWith Michelson, A. A. person
associatedWith Mie, Gustav, 1868-1957 person
associatedWith Millikan, Robert Andrews, 1868-1953 person
associatedWith Mizushima, Masataka person
associatedWith Mockler, R. C. person
associatedWith Møller, C., (Christian), 1904-1981 person
associatedWith Moos, H. W. person
associatedWith Morley, Robert H. person
associatedWith Morley, Robert H. person
associatedWith Morrissey, J. W. person
associatedWith Morse, Philip M. (Philip McCord), 1903-1985. person
associatedWith Mulliken, Robert Sanderson, 1896-1986 person
associatedWith Murphy, J. A. person
associatedWith National Accelerator Laboratory. corporateBody
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith Nelson, J. W. person
associatedWith Neuman, William F. person
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith Newman, James Roy, 1907-1966. person
associatedWith Newman, William I. and Thorson, Walter R. person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith New York University. Office of the President. corporateBody
associatedWith Niels Bohr Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Nier, Alfred O. (Alfred Otto), 1911-1994. person
associatedWith Nishina, Yoshio, 1890-1951 person
associatedWith Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994 person
associatedWith Norberg, Richard E. person
associatedWith Norberg, Richard E. person
associatedWith Oberlin College. corporateBody
associatedWith Odabasi, Halis person
associatedWith Odishaw, Hugh person
associatedWith Oppenheimer, Frank, 1912- person
associatedWith Oppenheimer, Frank, 1912- person
associatedWith Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967. person
associatedWith Ortabasi, U. person
associatedWith Ostertag, W. person
associatedWith Pake, G. E. (George Edward) person
associatedWith Pandres, Dave person
associatedWith Paschen, F., (Friedrich), 1865-1947 person
associatedWith Paul and Joe Condon person
associatedWith Pauling, Linus, 1901-1994. person
associatedWith Pauli, Wolfgang, 1900-1958 person
associatedWith Percival, I. C. person
associatedWith Perloff, D. S. person
associatedWith Phelps, John B., 1929- person
associatedWith Phillips, Melba, 1907- person
associatedWith Piel, Gerard person
associatedWith Pitcher, W. H., Jr. person
associatedWith Planck, Max, 1858-1947 person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Princeton University. corporateBody
associatedWith Proctor, T. M. person
associatedWith Pugh, E. M., R. V. Heine-Geldern, S. Foner, and E. C. Mutschler. person
associatedWith Pyler, Earle Keith, 1897-1976. person
associatedWith Quinn, A. P. person
correspondedWith Rabi, I. I. (Isador Isaac), 1898- person
correspondedWith Rabi, I. I. (Isidor Isaac), 1898-1988. person
associatedWith Randall, E. N. person
associatedWith Random House, Inc. person
associatedWith Rauscher, H. E. person
associatedWith Religious Society of Friends. corporateBody
associatedWith Riley, William R. person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Roberts, Newton K. and Martin J. McKenley. person
associatedWith Roberts, Walter O., 1915- person
associatedWith Rockstad, H. K. person
associatedWith Rosenfeld, L., (Leon), 1904-1974 person
associatedWith Rosseland, Svein, 1894-1985 person
associatedWith Rubens, Heinrich, 1865-1922 person
associatedWith Runge, Carl, 1856-1927 person
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
associatedWith Rutherford, Ernest, 1871-1937 person
associatedWith Sachs, Mendel. person
associatedWith Salam, Abdus, 1926-1996 person
associatedWith SANE, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Sasaki, Fukashi. person
associatedWith Scheel, Karl, 1866-1936 person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Schreurs, J. W. H. person
associatedWith Schrödinger, Erwin, 1887-1961. person
associatedWith Schucker, G. D. person
associatedWith Schultz, P. C. person
associatedWith Schultz, Ward person
associatedWith Seitz, Frederick, 1911-2008. person
associatedWith Seki, H. person
associatedWith Seward, T. P., III. person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
associatedWith Shadmi, Yehuda. person
associatedWith Shand, E. B. person
associatedWith Shapley, Harlow, 1885-1972. person
associatedWith Shay, D. person
associatedWith Sherman, N. person
associatedWith Shonk, Carl Richter person
associatedWith Shortley, George, 1910- person
associatedWith Shoup, R. D. person
associatedWith Slater, John C. (John Clarke), 1900-1976. person
associatedWith Slater, John Rothwell, b. 1872 person
associatedWith Smith, G. P. person
associatedWith Smith, J. W. person
associatedWith Smith, Kenneth. person
associatedWith Smith, Paul A. person
associatedWith Smyth, Henry De Wolf, 1898-1986. person
associatedWith Snyder, Ralph Brockett person
associatedWith Society for Social Responsibility in Science (A.C.T.) corporateBody
associatedWith Society for Social Responsibility in Science (ACT). corporateBody
associatedWith Sommerfeld, Arnold, 1868-1951. person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Stamler, Jeremiah person
associatedWith Stamler, Jeremiah, M. D. person
associatedWith Stark, Johannes, 1874-1957 person
associatedWith Starr, Chauncey person
associatedWith Stepanek, Joseph E., 1917-2008, person
associatedWith Stephenson, D. A. person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
associatedWith Stookey, S. D. person
associatedWith Stookey, S. Donald person
associatedWith Stratton, T. F. person
associatedWith Stueckelberg, E. C. G., (Ernst Carl Gerlach), 1905-1984 person
associatedWith Suhonen, . E. person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Swartz, Clifford E. person
associatedWith Tarzca, W. H. person
associatedWith Tawney, Gerald L. person
associatedWith Taylor, William J. person
associatedWith Teller, Edward, 1908-2003. person
associatedWith Terhune, Robert W. and P. D. Maker person
associatedWith Thomas, Richard N. person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
associatedWith Thomson, J. J., Sir, (Joseph John), 1856-1940 person
associatedWith Tick, P. A. person
associatedWith Tong, S. S. C. person
associatedWith Toulmin, Stephen person
associatedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972. person
associatedWith Uhlenbeck, George Eugène, 1900-1988 person
associatedWith United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. Manhattan District. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. Committee on Un-American Activities. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. Special Committee on Un-American Activities. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Department of Commerce. Loyalty Board corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Commerce. Loyalty Board. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Bureau of Standards. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Sanitary Commission corporateBody
associatedWith Universität Göttingen corporateBody
associatedWith Universität Göttingen. corporateBody
associatedWith University of California, Berkeley. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Colorado, Boulder. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Alumni Association. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Summer Symposium in Theoretical Physics. corporateBody
associatedWith Urey, Harold Clayton, 1893-1981 person
associatedWith U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Van Vleck, J. H., (John Hasbrouck), 1899-1980 person
associatedWith Veblen, Oswald, 1880-1960. person
associatedWith Visscher, Maurice B., 1901-1983. person
associatedWith Voigt, Woldemar, 1850-1919 person
associatedWith Von Neumann, John, 1903-1957 person
associatedWith Walters, H. V. person
associatedWith Warburg, Emil Gabriel, 1846-1931 person
associatedWith Washington University (Saint Louis, Mo.) corporateBody
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Watson, J. H. P. person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith Weaver, Warren person
associatedWith Weaver, Warren, 1894-1978 person
associatedWith Weber, William A. person
associatedWith Weetall, H. H. person
associatedWith Weiner, Charles. person
associatedWith Weisskopf, Victor Frederick, 1908-2002 person
associatedWith Werner, A. J. person
associatedWith Westinghouse Electric Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Wexell, D. R. person
associatedWith Wheeler, John Archibald, 1911-2008. person
associatedWith Wien, W., (Wilhelm), 1864-1928 person
associatedWith Wigner, Eugene Paul, 1902-1995. person
associatedWith Williams, T. person
associatedWith Wilson, E. Bright, (Edgar Bright), 1908-1992 person
associatedWith Winckler, J. R. and D. J. Hofmann. person
associatedWith Yaverbaum, S. person
associatedWith Yokota, Ryosuke person
associatedWith Yost, T. J. person
associatedWith Zare, Richard N. person
associatedWith Zeeman, Pieter, 1865-1943 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Bikini Atoll (Marshall Islands)
Göttingen
United States
Subject
Bikini Atoll (Pacific Islands)
Unidentified flying objects--Sightings and encounters
Physics--Industrial applications
Nuclear physics--Research--United States
Computers
Quantum theory
Wave mechanics
Radio astronomy
World War, 1939-1945--Science
Operation Crossroads, Marshall Islands, 1946
Nuclear physics--Research
Physics--Study and teaching
Nuclear weapons--Testing
Physicists--Biography
Nuclear structure
Physics--Research
Atomic bomb
Radar
Nuclear energy
Operation Crossroads, 1946
Particle accelerators
Superconductivity
Unidentified flying objects
Science--Scholarships, fellowships, etc
Nuclear physics
Physics
Solid state physics--History
Physical laboratories--Administration
Atomic bomb--United States
United States--Politics and government--1945-
Physics--Research--United States
Occupation
Physicists--United States
Physicists
Function

Person

Birth 1902-03-02

Death 1974-03-26

Americans

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dn46p2

Ark ID: w6dn46p2

SNAC ID: 44723450