Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869

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Republican legislator from Maine who became a U.S. Representative, Senator, Chairman of the Senate Finance Committee, and Secretary of the Treasury. He was a strong opponent of slavery.

From the description of Papers, 1837-1869. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 17462689

William Pitt Fesssenden was a U.S. senator from Maine (1854-1864, 1865-1869) and Secretary of the Treasury during the Civil War (1864-1865). His sons, General Francis and Brigadier General James Deering Fessenden were both lawyers active in Maine politics and served in the Civil War.

From the description of William Pitt Fessenden correspondence, 1839-1888 (bulk 1858-1869). (New-York Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 709966527

American statesman?

From the description of Autograph letters (2) signed : Portland, to Mr. Morse, 1858 Jun. 22. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270532329

Lawyer, politician, U.S. Senator, and financier, of Portland (Cumberland Co.), Me.

From the description of Papers, 1862-1869. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19647435

U.S. secretary of the Treasury.

From the description of ALS : Washington, to Francis Fessenden, 1864 Jan. 15. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122489392

Lawyer, of Bridgeton, Bangor, and Portland, Me.; state legislator; U.S. representative and senator; U.S. Secretary of the Treasury.

From the description of William Pitt Fessenden autograph letter signed, 1855. (Maine Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 228020151

Representative and Senator from Maine; U.S. Secretary of the Treasury (1861-1865).

From the description of William Pitt Fessenden autograph letter signed, 1864 March or May 22. (Maine Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 276173497

William Pitt Fessenden (1806-1869) was a lawyer, member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1811-1843), U.S. Senator (1854-1864) and Secretary of the Treasury (1864-1865).

From the description of William Pitt Fessenden Papers, 1832-1878. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122387723

U.S. secretary of the treasury, U.S. senator and representative from Maine, and lawyer.

From the description of William Pitt Fessenden papers, 1832-1878 (bulk 1861-1867). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71174612

Biographical Note

  • 1806, Oct. 16: Born, Boscawen, N.H.
  • 1823: Graduated, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine
  • 1827: Admitted to the Maine bar
  • 1829: Entered into law partnership with his father, Portland, Maine
  • 1832: Member, Maine House of Representatives Married Ellen Maria Deering
  • 1835 - 1855 : Practiced law in partnership with William Willis, Portland, Maine
  • 1837: Accompanied Daniel Webster on a tour of the western states
  • 1841 - 1843 : United States representative from Maine
  • 1854 - 1864 : United States senator from Maine
  • 1864 - 1865 : Secretary of the treasury
  • 1865 - 1869 : United States senator from Maine
  • 1869, Sept. 9: Died, Portland, Maine

From the guide to the William Pitt Fessenden Papers, 1832-1878, (bulk 1861-1867), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Alexander Dallas Bache (1806-1867) was an important scientific reformer during the early nineteenth century. From his position as superintendent of the United States Coast Survey, and through leadership roles in the scientific institutions of the time, Bache helped bring American science into alignment with the professional nature of its European counterpart. In addition, Bache fostered the reform of public education in America.

On July 19, 1806 Alexander Dallas Bache was born into one of Philadelphia's elite families. The son of Richard Bache and Sophia Dallas, he was Benjamin Franklin's great-grandson, nephew to George Dallas (vice president under James K. Polk), and grandson to Alexander James Dallas (secretary of the treasury under James Madison). In 1821, Bache was admitted to the United States Military Academy at the age of 15, graduating first in his class four years later. He remained at the Academy for an additional two years to teach mathematics and natural history. While serving as a lieutenant in the Army Corps of Engineers, working on the construction of Fort Adams in Newport, R.I., he met Nancy Clarke Fowler whom he would later marry.

Bache left the Army in 1828 to begin an academic career, accepting an appointment as professor of natural philosophy and chemistry at the University of Pennsylvania. Although his scientific interests were broad, he had a particular interest in geophyscial research. While in Philadelphia, he constructed a magnetic observatory, and made extensive research into terrestrial magnetism, and during the 1830s he began to be recognized as a leading figure in the city's scientific community. Bache was an active member of the American Philosphical Society and the Franklin Institute, seeking to raise the professional standards of both institutions and urging them to place a stronger emphasis on original research. While at the Franklin Institute from 1830-1835, Bache led a Federally-funded investigation into steam-boiler explosions, the government's first use of technical experts to examine a matter involving public policy.

In 1836 Bache became interested in educational reform when he was asked to help organize the curriculum at Girard College, of which he later served as president. Bache spent two years in Europe visiting over 250 educational institutions. The result of his visit was a 600 page study, Report on Education in Europe, to the Trustees of the Girard College for Orphans published in 1839. Although Bache was unable to apply the report at Girard College because of its delayed opening, it proved useful in overhauling the curriculum of Philadelphia's Central High School, where he was superintendent from 1839-1842, and was widely influential among American educational reformers, helping to introduce the Prussian educational model to the United States.

After meeting many of the leading savants during a European tour, including Alexander von Humboldt, Francois Arago, and Karl Friedrich Gauss, Bache became convinced of the need to professionalize American science. His opportunity to make an impact came in 1843 with the death of Ferdinand Hassler, superindendent of the U.S. Coast Survey. In the years before the Civil War, the Coast Survey supported more scientists then any other institution in the country, and Bache and his colleagues saw the Survey as a means of gaining federal patronage for science. After a campaign by his friends and colleagues, Bache was named as Hassler's replacement. Over the next two decades Bache transformed the Coast Survey into one of the nation's leading scientific institutions, becoming an important patron of science himself in the process . Bache was not just an administrator, but remained personally involved in field work.

Bache also led the reform of American science through his leadership of an elite group known as the "Lazzaroni" or scientific beggars. The goal of the Lazzaroni was to ensure that the nation's leading scientists kept control of the nation's scientific institutions, and they were instrumental in reforming the American Association for the Advancement of Science (of which Bache was president of in 1850). In his remarkably busy schedule, Bache was a member of the Lighthouse Board (1844-1845), superintendent of the Office of Weights and Measures (1844), and a prominent regent for the Smithsonian Institution, where he convinced fellow Lazzaroni Joseph Henry to become its first secretary. Bache also played a leading role in the creation of the National Academy of Sciences, serving as its first president. When the Americn Civil War broke out, Bache focused the Coast Survey to support the war effort, was vice president of the Sanitary Commision, a consultant to the army and navy on battle plans, a superintended for Philadelphia's defence plans, and a member of the Permanent Commission of the navy in charge of evaluating new weapons. Bache died in Newport, R.I. on February 17, 1867.

From the guide to the A. D. Bache Collection, 1833-1873, (American Philosophical Society)

A founding member of the Republican Party and one of its most energetic antislavery voices, the public life of Senator William Pitt Fessenden touched on all the major controversies confronting the nation between the time of the debates over slavery in the territories until the failure of Reconstruction. Born out of wedlock in Boscawen, N.H., on October 16, 1806, Fessenden graduated with a degree in law from Bowdoin College in 1827, and was admitted to the bar in the same year. Shortly thereafter, he embarked on a political career, winning election as a Whig representative to the Maine legislature for several terms beginning in 1831, and to Congress for one term in 1840. He was a conservative by nature, but was galvanized into the radical camp on the issue of slavery by his experience during his first term in Congress. Thereafter, he became an important figure in furthering the spread of abolitionist sentiment in his home state, and was in turn benefited by its growth when he decided to return to public office in 1853.

Fessenden won election to the Senate as an antislavery Whig, and took his seat in March, 1854, at one of the most difficult moments in American political history. During his first term, Fessenden became embroiled in the debates over the extension of slavery to the territories, the furor over "Bleeding Kansas," and the fallout over John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry. His powerful speech in opposition to the Kansas-Nebraska bill vaulted him to national prominence, and following his switch to the Republican Party in 1856, he became one of the most visible and voluble political antagonists of the Buchanan administration, and one of the staunchest figures in rejecting compromise with slavery, secession, and rebellion. Fessenden remained firm in his views despite personal loss: during the war, two of his sons, Francis and James Deering, rose to the rank of general in the Union army, and a third, Samuel, was killed in action at the Second Bull Run.

During his tenure in the Senate, Fessenden earned a reputation as a skilled debater and as an expert on public finance. As a result, he was appointed Secretary of the Treasury during Lincoln's second administration, replacing Salmon Chase. After returning to his seat in the Senate following the accession of Andrew Johnson, he became Chair of the Joint Committee on Reconstruction, and opposed the administration as one of the prime exponents of a radical Reconstruction policy. Fessenden believed that given the totality of the federal victory over the Confederacy, conservative plans for Reconstruction like Johnson's were absurd, and he argued firmly that it was the responsibility of the Congress to set Reconstruction policy, not of the Executive. Yet Fessenden's views became increasingly conservative after 1866, and he opposed efforts to impeach Johnson on the principle that Johnson had not technically broken the law. Fessenden's was one of the very few Republican votes for acquittal. His role in the impeachment proceedings, along with his opposition to some features of the confiscation bill and other measures, led to a break with leaders of the radical faction, and a consequent reduction in his power in Congress. Throughout, Fessenden felt that he was acting from a principle of justice, regardless of the opinions of his colleagues, and refused to relent. He continued to serve in the Senate until his death in 1869.

From the guide to the William P. Fessenden papers, Fessenden, William P., 1855-1868, 1908, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

William Pitt Fessenden (1806-1869) was born in Boscawen, New Hampshire. An 1823 graduate of Bowdoin College, he was admitted to the Bar in Main in 1827. He practiced law with his father, Samuel Fessenden. He settled in Portland in 1829, and was elected for seven terms in the Maine House of Representatives in 1831-1832, 1839, 1845-1846, and 1853-1854. Fessenden served one term in the United States House of Representatives in 1840, and was elected United States Senator in 1854 by anti-slavery votes in the legislature. He was re-elected to the United States Senate in 1859 where he served as chairman of the Senate Finance Committee. From 1864-1865, he served as Secretary of the Treasury, leaving that position to accept re-election to the Senate. While serving in the United States Senate, Fessenden was a vocal opponent of the Kansas-Nebraska Bill and a supporter of President Andrew Johnson during his impeachment proceedings.

Fessenden was instrumental in building the anti-slavery coalition in the Main legislature that later became the Maine Republican Party. His anti-slavery speeches were widely read, and they influenced the thinking of Abraham Lincoln. He played an important role on in the debates regarding Kansas. During the Civil War, he shaped taxation and and financial policies to finance the Union war effort. After the war, Fessenden was the chairman of the Joint Committee on Reconstruction in the United States Congress, helping to draft the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. His support of President Andrew Johnson during his impeachment proceedings helped prevent John's conviction.

Fessenden was one of the founders of the Maine Temperance Society in 1827.

Fessenden married Ellen Maria Deering in 1832. Three of his sons served in the Union Army during the Civil War. Samuel Fessenden (1841-1862) was killed at the Battle of Bull Run. His son James (1833-1897) was a brigadier-general, and his son Francis (1839-1907) was a major-general.

From the guide to the William Pitt Fessenden Papers, 1837-1880, (Western Reserve Historical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Baldwin, Jesse, b. 1815. Papers, 1862-1881 / Jesse Baldwin. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. Papers [microform], 1820-1869. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. Abraham Lincoln collection, 1824-1865. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Spaulding, Elbridge Gerry, 1809-1897. Autograph letter signed : Buffalo, to William Pitt Fessenden, 1869 July 21. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Fessenden, Samuel, 1841-1862. Samuel Fessenden correspondence, 1852-1863. Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn John Neal letters to various correspondents, 1841-1875. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Lincoln Room collection of miscellaneous papers, 1837-1924. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. [Letter] 1868 May 21, Washington [to] Edw. H. Thomas, Portland, Maine. Raymond H. Fogler Library
referencedIn Muzzy, Franklin. Correspondence, 1835-1873. Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. Abraham Lincoln collection, 1824-1865. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Bellows, Henry W. (Henry Whitney), 1814-1882. Autograph letter signed : "United States Sanitary Commission," New York, to W.P. Fessenden, 1867 Mar. 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Hardie, James Allen, 1823-1876. Letter signed : Washington, D.C., to William Pitt Fessenden, 1865 Apr. 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn White, Horace, 1834-1916. Letters, November 1863, July 30, 1865. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Mussey, Franklin. Franklin Mussey correspondence, 1853-1866. Maine Historical Society Library
creatorOf Boutelle, Charles Addison, 1839-1901. Autograph letter signed : Mobile, to William Pitt Fessenden, 1858 Feb. 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. William Pitt Fessenden Papers, 1832-1878. Michigan State University Libraries, Main Library
referencedIn Hooper, Samuel, 1808-1875. Letter : Boston, to William P. Fessenden, n.p., 1864 Sept. 8. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852. Letter, 1837 Sept. 21. Nantucket Hist Association
creatorOf Bates, Edward, 1793-1869. Abraham Lincoln collection, 1841-1870. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn University of Virginia. History Club. Papers of the History Club [manuscript] 1948-1956. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. Letter : Portland, Me., to unknown person, 1844 Oct. 10. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Foster, Lafayette S. (Lafayette Sabine), 1806-1880. Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to William Pitt Fessenden, 1859 Jan. 21. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Abraham Lincoln collection, 1824-1865 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part III: The Civil War: The Union, 1804-1915. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part III: The Civil War: The Union, 1804-1915. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Portland Association for the Promotion of Temperance. Portland Association for the Promotion of Temperance records, 1827-1831. Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn Philip Case Lockwood memorial collection of Civil War portraits and autographs, 1862-ca. 1886. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Mahan, D. H. (Dennis Hart), 1802-1871. Papers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf Foot, Solomon, 182-1866. Autograph letter signed : Rutland, VT, to William Pitt Fessenden, 1859 Jul. 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Morgan, Edwin D. (Edwin Denison), 1811-1883. Papers, 1830-1872. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library.
creatorOf William Pitt Fessenden Papers, 1832-1878, (bulk 1861-1867) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Thomas, Lorenzo, 1804-1875. Letter signed : "A. G. Office, ", to William Pitt Fessenden, [18]61 Sept. 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1768-1866. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Harrington, George, d. 1892. Letter: New York, [N.Y.], to W[illiam] P[itt] Fessenden, 1864 Oct. 3. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852. Letter, 1841 February 8, Washington, D.C., to William Fessenden, Portland, Me. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. Letter : Portland, Me., to unknown person, 1844 Oct. 10. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf William Pitt Fessenden Papers, 1837-1880 Western Reserve Historical Society
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. William Pitt Fessenden papers, 1832-1878 (bulk 1861-1867). Library of Congress
referencedIn Cole, Cornelius, 1822-1924. The Cornelius Cole papers. 1866. University of Utah, J. Willard Marriott Library
creatorOf Colfax, Schuyler, 1823-1885. Autograph letter signed : Washington, D.C., to william Pitt Fessenden, 1868 Dec. 12. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Shellabarger, Samuel, 1817-1896. Letter : Springfield, Ohio, to William P. Fessenden, n.p., 1867 June 11. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893. Letter to W.P. Fessenden. Augusta, ME. 1860 Feb. 26. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. Autographs, [not after 1869]. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Lincoln centennial in Portland, February 12, 1909, 1909 [microform]. Maine Historical Society Library
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. Papers, 1837-1869. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Hooper, Samuel, 1808-1875. Autograph letter signed : Boston, to William Pitt Fessenden, [18]64 Aug. 13. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Stanton, Edwin McMasters, 1814-1869. Edwin McMasters Stanton papers, 1818-1921 (bulk 1862-1870). Library of Congress
referencedIn Maine. Neal Dow collection, 1851-1971. Raymond H. Fogler Library
referencedIn Edward Lee Plumb Papers, 1825-1903, (bulk 1857-1875) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Hooper, Samuel, 1808-1875. Autograph letter signed : [Washington?], to William Pitt Fessenden, [186?]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Everett, Edward, 1794-1865. Autograph letter signed : [Washington, D.C.], to William Pitt Fessenden, 1854 Mar. 9. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Davis, Timothy, 1821-1888. Papers of Timothy Davis, 1856-1885 (bulk 1856-1859). Library of Congress
creatorOf A. D. Bache Collection, 1833-1873 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Howard, William, 1817-1891. ALS, 1861 August 22 : New York, to Senator William Pitt Fessenden, Portland, Maine. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. Joseph Story papers, 1794-1851. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. Papers, 1862-1869. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Pike, James Shepherd, 1811-1882. Pike collection, 1823-1881 (bulk 1850-1877). Calais Free Library
referencedIn Spinner, Francis Elias, 1802-1890. Francis E. Spinner papers, 1802-1875. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Bates, Edward, 1793-1869. Abraham Lincoln collection, 1841-1870 [microform]. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Kennedy, John Pendleton, 1795-1870. Papers of John Pendleton Kennedy [manuscript], 829-1925. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn B. A. G. Fuller autograph collection, 1620-1920. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Stanton, Edwin McMasters, 1814-1869. Letter signed : "War Department," to William Pitt Fessenden, 1862 May 19. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Hamlin, Hannibal, 1809-1891. Papers of Hannibal Hamlin, 1828-1891. Library of Congress
creatorOf Davis, Henry Winter 1817-1865. Henry Winter Davis papers, 1863-1866. New-York Historical Society Library
creatorOf Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882. Papers of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow [manuscript], 1764-1934 (bulk 1830-1881). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Giddings, Joshua Reed, 1795-1864. Giddings, Joshua Reed, Letter, 1862 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. Letter : Portland, Me., to an unnamed general, 1862 Nov. 10. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. Papers of William Pitt Fessenden [manuscript], 1855-1869. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Stevens, Thaddeus, 1792-1868. Papers, 1819-1868. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Howe, Timothy O. (Timothy Otis), 1816-1883. Papers, 1846, 1854, 1857-1890. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Hamlin, Hannibal, 1809-1891. Autograph letter signed : Augusta, to William Pitt Fessenden, 1857 June 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Cullum, George Washington, 1809-1892. Autograph letter signed : Washington, to William Pitt Fessenden, 1863 Feb. 25. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Morrill, Lot M. (Lot Myrick), 1812-1883. Lot M. Morrill papers, 1852-1894. Maine Historical Society Library
creatorOf Willis, William, 1794-1870. Papers, 1833-1845 Raymond H. Fogler Library
referencedIn Letters to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1761-1904 (inclusive) 1820-1888 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Mahan, D. H. (Dennis Hart), 1802-1871. Letter to Hon. W. P. Fessenden. West Point, NY. 1860 Apr. 18. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Autograph File, M, 1648-1985. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893. Letter : Washington, to W.P. Fessenden, 1861 Dec. 26. Raymond H. Fogler Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Samuel Francis, 1803-1865. Papers, 1812-1865. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Barney, Hiram. Papers of Hiram Barney, 1772-1924 (bulk 1836-1894). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Andrew, John A. (John Albion), 1818-1867. Autograph letter signed : Washington, to W.P. Fessenden, 1867 Apr. 29. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Hawes, Joseph. Letter to William Pitt Fessenden : Panama : ALS, 1856 April 28. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Literary Manuscripts collection, 1666-1990 Free Library of Philadelphia: Rare Book Department
creatorOf Pike, James Shepard, 1811-1882. Letters received by James Shepard Pike [manuscript], 1854-1873. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Sherwood, M. E. W. (Mary Elizabeth Wilson), 1826-1903. Correspondence with Mr. Stoddard, Aug. 5 and Oct 25, Mr. Fessenden, July 28, 1864, and Miss Booth, January 10, 1885 ; quotation on Society / M.E.W. Sherwood. University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
referencedIn Dana, Richard Henry, 1815-1882. Letter : Washington, D.C., to W.P. Fessenden, [Washington, D.C.], 1864 Sept. 21. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Harrington, George, 1815-1892. Letter, August 4, 1864. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Richard Henry Dana Sr. and Jr. Collection, 1840-1881 University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept.
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. Letters, 1832-1837. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn McCulloch, Hugh, 1808-1895. Hugh McCulloch papers, 1855-1905 (bulk 1863-1869). Library of Congress
creatorOf Hooper, Samuel, 1808-1875. Autograph letter signed : Boston, to William Pitt Fessenden, 1864 Nov. 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Autograph File, F, 1447-1994. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Hooker, Joseph, 1814-1879. Letter signed : Camp near Falmouth, Va., to W. Pitt Fessenden, 1862 Dec. 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Forney, John W. (John Wien), 1817-1881. Letter signed : Washington, to William Pitt Fessenden, 1863 Nov. 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Dana Family. Papers of the Dana family [manuscript], 1840-1881. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Opdyke, George, 1805-1880. Autograph letter signed : New York, to William Pitt Fessenden, 1862 Feb. 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Papers, 1835-1864. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Neal, John, 1793-1876. John Neal letters, 1816-1864. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Edwin McMasters Stanton Papers, 1818-1921, (bulk 1862-1870) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn General Historical Manuscripts and Ephemera collection, 1790-1928, undated. University of Southern California, USC Libraries
creatorOf Read, John Meredith, 1837-1896. Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to William Pitt Fessenden, 1867 Oct. 9. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893. Letter to William Pitt Fessenden, 1866. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
creatorOf Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875. Autograph letter signed : Boston, to William Pitt Fessenden, 1855 Oct. 20. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873. Letters. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Browne, Albert G. (Albert Gallatin), 1805-1885. Albert Gallatin Browne papers, 1742-1884; bulk: 1861-1867. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Autograph collection, undated. Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn Harrington, George, d. 1892. Papers of George Harrington, 1849-1891 (bulk 1862-1873). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf United States Mint. Records of San Francisco branch of the United States Mint, 1856-1899. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. Autograph letters (2) signed : Portland, to Mr. Morse, 1858 Jun. 22. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Forney, John W. (John Wien), 1817-1881. John W. Forney papers, 1841-1881. Library of Congress
creatorOf Pike, James Shepherd, 1811-1882. Letters mainly to W.P. Fessenden, 1849-1867. [microform]. University of California, Los Angeles
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. ALS : Washington, to Francis Fessenden, 1864 Jan. 15. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Lincoln Room collection of miscellaneous papers, 1837-1924. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Wright, Elizur, 1804-1885. Letter : Boston, to William P. Fessenden, n.p., 1864 Feb. 6. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Howard, William, 1817-1891. ALS, 1861 September 24 : New York, to Senator William Pitt Fessenden, Portland, Maine. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. Letter : Portland, Me., to Kent and Cutting, attorneys, Bangor, Me., 1837 Apr. 13. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. William Pitt Fessenden autograph letter signed, 1864 March or May 22. Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn Giddings, Joshua Reed, Letter 2011-211., 1862 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Hamlin, Hannibal, 1809-1891. Hannibal Hamlin papers, 1828-1891. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Weed, Thurlow, 1797-1882. Autograph letter signed : New York, to William Pitt Fessenden, 1856 Aug. 29. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Boutelle, Charles Addison, 1839-1901. Autograph letter signed : "U.S. Gunboat Paul Jones, Port Royal, S.C.", to William Pitt Fessenden, [18]63 Jan. 25. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. William Pitt Fessenden autograph letter signed, 1855. Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn Palfrey family papers, 1713-1915. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. Letter : Portland, Me., to Kent and Cutting, attorneys, Bangor, Me., 1837 Apr. 13. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Portland Forensic Club (Portland, Me.). By-laws and list of subscribers, 1826. Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn Hillard, George Stillman, 1808-1879. Letter : Boston, to William P. Fessenden, n.p., 1860 Apr. 11. Texas Christian University
creatorOf William P. Fessenden papers, Fessenden, William P., 1855-1868, 1908 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Morrill, Lot Myrick, 1812-1883. Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to W.P. Fessenden, 1862 Nov. 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Republican Party (Minn.). State Central Committee. Miscellaneous party papers, 1857-1956. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Morse, Freeman Harlow, 1807-1891. Papers, 1861-1888. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Dennison, William, 1815-1882. Autograph letter signed : Washington, D.C., to William Pitt Fessenden, 1865 Oct. 25. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Forney, John W. (John Wien), 1817-1881. Letter signed, with nine lines in autograph : Washington, D.C., to William Pitt Fessenden, 1863 Jun. 2. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. William Pitt Fessenden correspondence, 1839-1888 (bulk 1858-1869). New-York Historical Society Library
referencedIn William Warland Clapp correspondence, 1790-1891 (inclusive), 1840-1891 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Plumb, Edward Lee, 1827-1912. Edward Lee Plumb papers, 1825-1903 (bulk 1857-1875). Library of Congress
referencedIn United States. Dept. of the Treasury. Records of the U.S. Dept. of the Treasury, 1775-1890 (bulk 1790-1850). Library of Congress
creatorOf Neal, John, 1793-1876. Letters to various correspondents, 1841-1875. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Johnson, Reverdy, 1796-1876. Papers, 1871-1872. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf General Historical Manuscripts and Ephemera collection, 1790-1928, undated USC Libraries Special Collections
referencedIn Stanton, Edwin McMasters, 1814-1869. Autograph letter signed : Washington, D.C., to W[illiam] P. Fessenden, n.p., 1868 Apr. 4. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Morrill, Lot Myrick, 1812-1883. Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to William Pitt Fessenden, 1867 Dec. 28. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Autograph album: Abraham Lincoln, his cabinet, and senators, 1864 and undated. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Tilton, Theodore, 1835-1907. Letter, 1869, September 22, to Wm. H. Fessenden. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Charles Sumner correspondence, 1829-1874. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Joseph Story papers, Story, Joseph papers, 1794-1851 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. Letter : Portland, Me., to an unnamed general, 1862 Nov. 10. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869. William Pitt Fessenden letter, 1834. Maine Historical Society Library
creatorOf Evarts, William Maxwell, 1818-1901. Autograph letter signed : New York, to William Pitt Fessenden, 1864 Aug. 31. Pierpont Morgan Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, John C. person
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correspondedWith Allen, Elisha Hunt, 1804-1883 person
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associatedWith Andrew, John A. (John Albion), 1818-1867. person
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associatedWith Bache, Albert Dabadie, 1832-1895 person
associatedWith Baker, W. H., compiler. person
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correspondedWith Barney, Hiram. person
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correspondedWith Bradford, Gamaliel, 1831-1911 person
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associatedWith Brewster, Sir David person
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associatedWith Chase, William Henry, b. 1824. person
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correspondedWith Cisco, John J. person
associatedWith Clapp, William Warland, 1826-1891 person
associatedWith Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908 person
associatedWith Cobb, Sylvanus, 1823-1887. person
associatedWith Coe, George S. person
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associatedWith Cullum, George Washington, 1809-1892. person
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associatedWith Davis, Charles A., person
associatedWith Davis, Henry Winter 1817-1865. person
correspondedWith Davis, Timothy, 1821-1888 person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Debs, Eugene V., ((Eugene Victor)), 1855-1926 person
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associatedWith Dennison, William. person
associatedWith Dickins, Asbury, 1780-1861 person
associatedWith Dunbar, Charles Franklin, 1830-1900. person
associatedWith Du Pont, Samuel Francis, 1803-1865. person
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associatedWith Fessenden family. family
associatedWith Fessenden family. family
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correspondedWith Fessenden, Samuel, 1841-1862. person
associatedWith Fish, Hamilton. person
associatedWith Fletcher, Charles Fosdick, b. 1794. person
associatedWith Foot, Solomon, 182-1866. person
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associatedWith Galt, Alexander T. person
associatedWith Giddings, Joshua Reed, 1795-1864 person
associatedWith Gillette, Francis, 1807-1879. person
associatedWith Gray, Homer. person
correspondedWith Griffin, R. M. person
associatedWith Grimes, James W. (James Wilson), 1816-1872. person
associatedWith Hale, Charles person
associatedWith Hale, Charles, 1831-1882 person
associatedWith Hamlin, Hannibal, 1809-1891. person
associatedWith Hardie, James Allen, 1823-1876. person
associatedWith Harrington, George, d. 1892. person
associatedWith Hawes, Joseph. person
associatedWith Hilgard, Julius Erasmus, 1825-1891 person
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associatedWith Hoadley, David. person
associatedWith Hodsden, John L. person
associatedWith Hooker, Joseph, 1814-1879. person
associatedWith Hooper, Samuel, 1808-1875. person
associatedWith Howard, William, 1817-1891. person
associatedWith Howe, Timothy O. (Timothy Otis), 1816-1883. person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826 person
associatedWith Johnson, Andrew, 1808-1875 person
associatedWith Johnson, Andrew President. person
associatedWith Johnson, Reverdy, 1796-1876. person
associatedWith Kennedy, John Pendleton, 1795-1870. person
associatedWith Kent, Edward, 1802-1877. person
associatedWith Ketchum, Hiram. person
correspondedWith Ketchum, Morris, fl. 1864 person
correspondedWith Ketchum, Morris, fl. 1864- person
associatedWith Ketchum, Morris, Manhattan property owner. person
associatedWith King, Horatio, 1811-1897 person
associatedWith Lee, Samuel Phillips, 1812-1897 person
associatedWith Leopold I, King of Belgium. person
associatedWith Le Prade, Ruth person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. person
associatedWith Lindbergh, Charles A., (Charles Augustus), 1902-1974 person
associatedWith Lockwood, Philip Case, 1844-1897 person
associatedWith Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882. person
associatedWith Loring, Charles G. (Charles Greely), 1794-1867 person
associatedWith Mahan, D. H. (Dennis Hart), 1802-1871. person
associatedWith Marsh, George P. (George Perkins), 1801-1882. person
correspondedWith Maxwell, Robert A. person
associatedWith Maxwell, Robert A. person
correspondedWith McCulloch, Hugh, 1808-1895. person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Mitchell, Maria, 1818-1889 person
associatedWith Morgan, Edwin D. (Edwin Denison), 1811-1883. person
associatedWith Morrill, Lot M. (Lot Myrick), 1812-1883. person
correspondedWith Morse, Freeman H. (Freeman Harlow), 1807-1891 person
associatedWith Morse, Mr., person
associatedWith Morse, R.M., Jr. person
associatedWith Mussey, Franklin. person
correspondedWith Muzzy, Franklin. person
associatedWith Neal, John, 1793-1876. person
associatedWith Nevin, David Robert Bruce, 1828- person
associatedWith Norton, Samuel R. B. person
associatedWith Olcott, Thomas W. (Thomas Worth), 1795-1880. person
associatedWith Opdyke, George, 1805-1880. person
associatedWith Osgood, James R. (James Ripley), 1836-1892. person
associatedWith Paine, Robert Treat, 1803-1885 person
associatedWith Paine, R. T. person
associatedWith Paine, William. person
correspondedWith Palfrey family. family
associatedWith Panama Railroad Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Peabody, George A. person
associatedWith Perry, J. A. (John A.) person
associatedWith Pierce, Edward Lillie, 1829-1897. person
associatedWith Pierce, Thomas A. person
associatedWith Pike, James Shepard, 1811-1882. person
correspondedWith Pike, James Shepherd, 1811-1882. person
correspondedWith Plumb, Edward Lee, 1827-1912. person
correspondedWith Porter, Wm. D. (William Dennison), 1810-1883 person
associatedWith Portland Association for the Promotion of Temperance. corporateBody
associatedWith Portland Forensic Club (Portland, Me.) corporateBody
associatedWith Potter, Alonzo, 1800-1865 person
associatedWith Potter, Thomas Bayley. person
associatedWith Powell, C. H. person
associatedWith Quetelet, Adolphe, 1796-1874 person
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associatedWith Republican Party (Minn.). State Central Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ) corporateBody
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associatedWith Ropes, John Codman, 1836-1899. person
associatedWith Ropes, Joseph S. (Joseph Samuel) person
associatedWith Ross, D. L. person
associatedWith Ruggles, Samuel B., (Samuel Bulkley), 1800-1881 person
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associatedWith Soule, J. B. S. person
associatedWith Sowdon, A. J. C. person
associatedWith Sparkes, Jared person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
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correspondedWith Stanton, Edwin McMasters, 1814-1869. person
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associatedWith Thompson, John, 1809-1890. person
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associatedWith Toucey, Isaac, 1792-1869 person
correspondedWith Towle, George M. (George Makepeace), 1841-1893 person
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associatedWith University of Virginia. History Club. corporateBody
associatedWith Upsher, Able Percey person
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associatedWith Warren, George William. person
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associatedWith Willey, Benjamin G. (Benjamin Glazier), 1796-1867. person
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correspondedWith Williams, J. E. person
correspondedWith Williams, J. E. person
associatedWith Williams, John E. (John Earl), 1804-1877. person
associatedWith Willis, William, 1794-1870. person
associatedWith Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875. person
associatedWith Wright, Elizur, 1804-1885. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
Great Britain
Maine
Kansas
Northeast boundary of the United States.
United States
Maine
United States
United States
United States
Northeast boundary of the United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
Maine
Great Britain
Los Angeles (Calif.)
South Bridgton (Me.)
Maine
Belgium
Greece
Maine
Portland (Me.)
Turkey
Subject
Cabinet officers--Correspondence
Slavery in the United States--1832-1863
African Americans--Suffrage
Finance ministers
United States--Politics and government--19th century
Maine--Politics and government--1775-1865
Banks and banking--19th century
National Academy of Sciences
Antebellum Politics
United States--Politics and government--1815-1861
Whig Party--United States
Antislavery movements--United States
Lighthouse
United States--Congress--Senate
Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869
General
United States Coast Survey
United States. Army--Pay, allowances, etc
Legislators--Correspondence
Legislators--Maine
Antislavery movements
Slavery
Republican Party--United States
Education
Generals--Correspondence
Geological Survey of the State of New Jersey
Reconstruction--1865-1877
Autographs
Patronage, Political
Cooper Union
Slavery--Law and legislation--United States
Copperhead movement
Girard College
Legislators
Red River Expedition, 1864
Trees--Diseases and pests
Natural history
Reconstruction
Slavery--Law and legislation
Abolitionists--1832-1878
United States--Politics and government--Civil War, 1861-1865
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Elections--California--Los Angeles--19th century--Archival resources
Financial crises--History--19th century
Geology
Financial crises--United States--History--19th century
Impeachments
Early National Politics
Presidents--United States--Election--1860
Politics--Politics and government--1832-1878
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)
Slavery--Anti-slavery movements
Science and technology
Occupation
Lawyers
Senators, U.S. Congress--Maine
Cabinet officers
Representatives, U.S. Congress--Maine
Function

Person

Birth 1806-10-16

Death 1869-09-08

Information

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