Croghan, George, 1720?-1782

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Indian agent and public official.

From the description of Papers of George Croghan, 1768. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71064125

According to Mr. Julian F. Boyd, Librarian of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, who viewed this document on October 1, 1938, with Mr. Carl Van Doren, this is am accurate, clerk's copy of the original minutes of the conference, corrected in the handwriting of Mr. Richard Peters, Secretary of the conference.

From the description of Minutes of conferences held at Fort Pitt, 1760. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 67615587

Indian trader, agent, and land speculator.

From the description of George Croghan correspondence, 1754-1775. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79449690

Croghan was a merchant and land speculator in colonial America who developed good relationships with various Indian tribes and negotiated treaties with them.

From the description of Report, January 16, 1767. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 569523762

Croghan was born in Ireland and migrated to Pennsylvania in 1741. He went into business as an Indian trader and served as deputy superintendent of Indian affairs from 1756 to 1772. In that post he conducted a number of important negotiations, including that leading to the Treaty of Fort Stanwix, by which in 1768 the Iroquois granted a tract of land in West Virginia to the Indiana Company, a group of merchants seeking compensation for losses suffered during the French and Indian War and Indian uprisings.

From the description of Bond and agreement, 1769 Apr. 8, with William Buchannan. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122489341

George Croghan, Indian trader, agent, and land speculator, was raised in Ireland and emigrated to Pennsylvania in 1741.

For the next fifteen years, Croghan's home near Carlisle was the base for his trading operations throughout the upper Ohio country where he also became the leading English agent. In 1756 Sir William Johnson appointed Croghan deputy superintendent of Indian affairs for the western tribes. As such he conducted many important negotiations with the northeastern tribes and played a prominent role in the treaty of Fort Stanwix, 1768. Croghan was also sent on a mission by Johnson and General Thomas Gage in 1766 to open up the Illinois country to English occupation. Throughout this period Croghan was engaged in land speculation and involved in the formation of several land companies. However, the outbreak of the Revolution wrecked his extensive operations and his last years were spent in poverty.

From the description of George Croghan letters, 1763-1770. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 36846338

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Hutchins, Thomas, 1730-1789. A sketch of the Ouabache &c. from Post Vincent to the Ohio / by Tho: Hutchins. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Croghan, George, d. 1782. Bond and agreement, 1769 Apr. 8, with William Buchannan. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Bradford, William, 1755-1795. Manuscripts on Indian affairs, 1737-1775, [n.d.]. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Benjamin Franklin Papers Part 1 -- Letters to Franklin, 1730-1776 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Gratz Family Papers, 1750-1974 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Shippen, Joseph, 1732-1810. Papers of Joseph Shippen, 1727-1783. Library of Congress
referencedIn Prévost, Augustine, ca. 1725-1786. Journal, 1774. Winterthur Library
creatorOf Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787. Thomas Gage papers, 1754-1807, bulk 1759-1775. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Croghan, George, d. 1782. Journal of George Croghan, 1765 May 15-Oct. 8. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Darlington family. Autograph files of the Darlington family, 1610-1914 [electronic resource]. University of Pittsburgh
creatorOf Trent, William, 1715-1787?. William Trent Papers, 1763-1789 (inclusive). Porterville Public Library
referencedIn Indiana Company. Records relating to claim against Virginia, 1779-1792. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Hamilton, James, 1752-1819. James Hamilton collection, 1733-1899. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Croghan, George, d. 1782. George Croghan correspondence, 1754-1775. Library of Congress
creatorOf Croghan, George, d. 1782. Report, January 16, 1767. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Cadwalader family. Collection, 1630-1900. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Prévost, Augustine, ca. 1725-1786. Letters : Croghan's Forest, [i.e. Cooperstown, N.Y.], and New York, [N.Y.], to Sir William Johnson, 1772 Mar. 20-July 7. Newberry Library
referencedIn Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760. A journal of the proceedings of Conrad Weiser : on his journey to Ohio with a message & present from the government of Pensilvania to the Indians there, 1748 Aug. 11 - Oct. 2. Newberry Library
referencedIn Cooper, William, 1754-1809. Business papers, 1712-1892. Hartwick College, Stevens-German Library
referencedIn Edward Shippen letters and papers, 1727-1781, 1727-1781 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Benjamin Franklin Papers Part 13 -- Miscellaneous Franklin Materials, 1640-1791 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Croghan, George, d. 1782. George Croghan letters, 1763-1770. Newberry Library
creatorOf Croghan, George, d. 1782. Minutes of conferences held at Fort Pitt, 1760. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Woods, Lawrence C., Jr., 1900-1990. Collection 1743-1801. Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
referencedIn Autograph File, C, 1554-2002. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Reel, Casper, 1742-1824. Papers 1769-1835. Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
creatorOf McAllister, John A. (John Allister), 1822-1896,. Gratz-Franks-Simon Papers, 1752-1831 (inclusive). Porterville Public Library
referencedIn Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775, 1737-1775 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Cooper, William, 1754-1809. Papers, 1712-1900. Hartwick College, Stevens-German Library
referencedIn Timothy Horsfield Papers, 1684, 1733-1771 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Wharton, Samuel, 1732-1800. Letter : New York, [N.Y.], to [John Baynton and George Morgan, Philadelphia, Pa.], 1765 Mar. 19. Newberry Library
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of Shelburne papers, 1665-1885. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Baynton, Wharton and Morgan (Firm : Philadelphia). Baynton, Wharton and Morgan Company daybook 1765-1772 1765-1767. Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
referencedIn Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773. Papers, 1733-1771. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Pennsylvania. Lieutenant Governor (1763-1771 : Penn). Letter : Philadelphia, [Pa.], to Sir William Johnson, 1765 May 23. Newberry Library
referencedIn Croghan, William, 1752-1822. Draper manuscripts: William Croghan papers, 1769-1818. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Manuscripts on Indian affairs, 1755-1792, [n.d.], 1755-1792 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Wigram, John. A Map of four thousand Acres of land known by lots number three and four in the division of a tract of land granted to Richard Loudon and others now the property of Mr. John Bowles of New York / surveyed and run into lots John Wigram. Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
referencedIn Penn, William, 1644-1718. Records of the proprietary government, 1629-1828. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Potter, John, d. ca. 1759. Draper manuscripts: Potter family papers, 1747-1807. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Starrett, Agnes Lynch, 1889-1988. Papers 1914-1967 1938-1940. Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
creatorOf Johnson, William, Sir, 1715-1774. Sir William Johnson letters, 1755-1773. Newberry Library
referencedIn Laux, James B. Collection, 1757-1816. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. Native American History collection, 1689-1921. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787. Thomas Gage collection, 1765-1770. New-York Historical Society Library
referencedIn William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of Shelburne papers, Shelburne, William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of, papers, 1665-1885 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Burd-Shippen Papers, 1708-1792 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Croghan, George, d. 1782. Papers, 1754-1808. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Shippen, Edward, 1703-1781. Letters and papers, 1727-1781. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Darlington family. Autograph files of the Darlington family, 1610-1914. University of Pittsburgh
referencedIn Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787. Letters : New York, to Sir Wm. Johnson, 1766-1771. Newberry Library
referencedIn Draper, Lyman Copeland, 1815-1891,. Draper manuscripts: Newspaper extracts, 1748-1840. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Thomas Gage papers, Gage, Thomas, papers, 1754-1807, 1759-1775 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Forbes, John, 1707-1759. Papers of John Forbes [manuscript], 1755-1759. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn [Map of the Stuart Patent in Otsego County, New York] / [???] S. Metcalfe. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Amherst, Jeffery Amherst, Baron, 1717-1797. Letter signed : New York, to Sir William Johnson, 1761 Apr. 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Frontier Forts and Trails Survey. Frontier Forts and Trails Survey carbon typescripts, circa 1935-1939. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Kenny, James. Journal to the Westward, 1758-1763. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Native American History collection, 1689-1921 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Johnson, William, Sir, 1715-1774. Papers, 1733-1808. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Franks Family Papers, 1711-1821, [1965-1968] American Jewish Historical Society
creatorOf Croghan, George, d. 1782. Papers of George Croghan, 1768. Library of Congress
referencedIn Burd, James, 1726-1793. Burd-Shippen Papers, 1740-1792 (bulk). American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn McKee, Alexander, ca. 1735-1799. Extract from Alexander McKee Esqr's journal of transactions with the Indians at Pittsburgh ... : journal, 1774 May 1-June 10. Library of Congress
creatorOf Croghan, George, d. 1782. Journal of George Croghan, 1765 May 15-Oct. 8. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Cockburn, Will. A map of two tracts of land on the south side the Mohawk River the northernmost one granted to Philip Livingston & others 10th February 1762 and the other to Frederick Young & others 11th October 1765 a partition of which was made D 1767 / surveyed and run out accordingly D 1772 Will Cockburn, John Wigram, William Hume. New-York Historical Society Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
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associatedWith Wigram, John. person
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Woods, Lawrence C., Jr., 1900-1990. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Middle West
United States
Fort Stanwix (Rome, N.Y.)
Illinois
Fort Pitt (Pa.)
West Virginia
Northwest, Old
Pennsylvania
Ohio River Valley
Northwest, Old
Pennsylvania
Northwest, Old
Northeastern States
Fort Pitt (Pa.)
Fort Pitt (Pa.)
Pennsylvania
Ohio
Ohio River Valley
Subject
Mohegan Indians
Wyandot Indians
Manuscripts, American
Munsee Indians
Indian agents--Correspondence
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians of North America
Fur trade
Indians of North America--Treaties--History--18th century--Sources
Pioneers--Diaries
Delaware Indians
Iroquois Indians
Indians of North America--Government relations--To 1789--Sources
Miami Indians
Shawnee Indians--History--18th century--Sources
Shawnee Indians
Diaries
Iroquois Indians--Land transfers
Indians of North America--Land transfers
Frontier and pioneer life
Indians of North America--Government relations--to 1789
Indians of North America--History--18th century--Sources
Land companies--History--18th century--Sources
Iroquois Indians--History--18th century--Sources
Illinois Indians
Indian traders--Correspondence
Occupation
Indian agents--Pennsylvania
Land speculators
Indian agents
Public officials--Pennsylvania
Indian traders
Agents
Function

Person

Birth 1720

Death 1782-08-31

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