Caldwell, Charles, 1772-1853

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Physician. He developed Transylvania University's medical school into one of the nation's strongest and was co-founder of the Louisville Medical Institute.

From the description of Letter, 1820 Dec. 9. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 46763925

Philadelphia physician.

From the description of ALS : to James Ewell, 1816 Aug. 13. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122490275

Surgeon and professor of medicine.

From the description of Charles Caldwell letters, 1816-1838, New York. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 31444930

Biographical note: Charles Caldwell was a noted physician and educator who joined the faculty of the Medical Department of Transylvania University in 1819. He authored over 200 books and papers. Involved in the controversy over moving the medical school from Transylvania to Louisville, he left the university in 1837 to help found the Louisville Medical Institute.

From the description of Papers, [ca. 1817-1940] (bulk 1820-1839). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 191917831

In 1791, Charles Caldwell began to study medicine in the office of Dr. Harris, of Salisbury, N.C., and the following year entered the prestigious Medical Department of the University of Pennsylvania, where his colleagues included Benjamin Rush, William Dewees, and Caspar Wistar. After service with the Army during the Whiskey Rebellion, Caldwell received his medical degree (1796) and took up practice in Philadelphia. Due to strains in his relationship with Rush, Caldwell was never appointed to a professorship at the University, though he did accept a post as instructor in the physical sciences.

In 1819, having already declined to take part in the establishment of medical schools in New York, Baltimore and Philadelphia, Caldwell agreed to help found the Medical Department at Transylvania University in Lexington, Ky. Later, in 1837, he left Transylvania for Louisville, a larger city with greater opportunities, to become the first professor of the Louisville Medical Institute.

Caldwell's research included work on "pestilential" diseases, blood and the circulatory system, and, later in life, physical education and phrenology. As might be expected, his work drew on a strong knowledge of contemporary medical practice, particularly the work of William Cullen and other physicians of the Edinburgh school. He performed a significant role in American medical circles as an importer and translator of foreign medical works, most importantly Blumenbach's Elements of Physiology (1795), and Cullen's First lines of the practice of physic (1815). His own works included Medical & physical memoirs, containing, among other subjects, a particular enquiry into the origin and nature of the late pestilential epidemics of the United States (1801), An experimental inquiry respecting the vitality of the blood (1805), and Phrenology vindicated, and antiphrenology unmasked (1838). Caldwell's autobiography was published in 1855.

From the guide to the Charles Caldwell lectures, Caldwell, Charles, c. 1852, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Transylvania University. Medical Department and Law Department records, 1803-1859. Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky State Archives
creatorOf Caldwell, Charles, 1772-1853. Papers, [ca. 1817-1940] (bulk 1820-1839). Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky Guide Project Office
creatorOf Drake, Daniel, 1785-1852. Papers, 1817-1850, bulk 1824-1825. Transylvania University, J. Douglas Gay Jr./Frances Carrick Thomas Library
creatorOf [Charles Caldwell, biographical materials] University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
referencedIn Castle-Bache Collection, 1683-1922 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Filson Club. Filson Club lectures, 1887-1992. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Samuel George Morton Papers, 1819-1850 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Sanders family. Sanders family : papers, 1804-1979. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Caldwell, Charles, 1772-1853. Letter, 1820 Dec. 9. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Charles Caldwell letter to Mr. January and Sutherland, 1822 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Hays, Isaac, 1796-1879. Papers, ca. 1820s-1879. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Isaac and I. Minis Hays papers, Circa 1820-1925 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Holley, Horace, 1781-1827. Papers, 1791-1883, bulk 1818-1830. Transylvania University, J. Douglas Gay Jr./Frances Carrick Thomas Library
creatorOf Caldwell, Charles, 1772-1853. Charles Caldwell letters, 1816-1838, New York. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IId, 1837-1844 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Hutchinson, James, 1752-1793. Papers, 1771-1928. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Note nécrologique sur le Docteur Wistar, 1818, 1818 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Caldwell, Charles, 1772-1853. ALS : to James Ewell, 1816 Aug. 13. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Caldwell, Charles, 1772-1853. Charles Caldwell lectures c. 1852. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts, 1582-1843. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Charles Caldwell, M.D.: The Rejection of Chemistry in America, 1959 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn College of Physicians of Philadelphia. Office of the Secretary. Manuscript archives of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia, 1787-1847. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Letters of scientists, 1655-1973. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Yandell family. Yandell family papers, 1823-1877. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Clifford, Anna. Letter, 5 May 1825. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn James Hutchinson papers, 1771-1928, 1771-1928 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Caldwell, Charles, 1772-1853. Charles Caldwell journal and ledger, 1811-1820 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
creatorOf Caldwell, Charles, 1772-1853. [Accounts with patients], 1815-1819. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Correia da Serra, José Francisco, 1750-1823. Note nécrologique sur le Docteur Wistar, 1818. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Yandell family. Yandell family added papers, 1837-1919. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Brown, Samuel, 1769-1830. Samuel Brown : papers, 1817-1825. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Morton, Samuel George, 1799-1851. Papers, 1819-1850. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn James Buchanan Duke Papers, 1777-1990 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Papers, 1840-1961. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Charles Caldwell lectures, Caldwell, Charles, c. 1852 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIa, 1743-1806 American Philosophical Society
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Bache, Benjamin Franklin, 1769-1798 person
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 person
correspondedWith Brown, Samuel, 1769-1830. person
associatedWith Caldwell family. family
associatedWith Capen, Nahum, 1804-1886. person
associatedWith Castle family family
associatedWith Clifford, Anna. person
associatedWith College of Physicians of Philadelphia. Office of the Secretary. corporateBody
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Correia da Serra, José Francisco, 1750-1823. person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
associatedWith Cummings, William, fl. 1815-1820. person
associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
associatedWith Drake, Daniel, 1785-1852. person
associatedWith Duke, James Buchanan, 1856-1925 person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Ewell, James, 1773-1832, person
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associatedWith Fitch, John person
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
associatedWith Gilman, Samuel, 1791-1858. person
associatedWith Glock, Richard A. person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
associatedWith Hays, I. Minis, (Isaac Minis), 1847-1925 person
associatedWith Hays, Isaac, 1796-1879. person
associatedWith History of Medicine Collections (Duke University) corporateBody
associatedWith Holley, Horace, 1781-1827. person
associatedWith Hutchinson, James, 1752-1793. person
associatedWith Kentucky. General Assembly. corporateBody
associatedWith Louisville Medical Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Morton, Samuel George, 1799-1851. person
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith Pattison, Granville Sharp, 1791-1851. person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
associatedWith Sanders family. family
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
associatedWith Transylvania University. corporateBody
associatedWith Transylvania University. Board of Curators. corporateBody
associatedWith Transylvania University. Medical Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Transylvania University. Medical Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith Yandell family. family
associatedWith Yandell family. family
Place Name Admin Code Country
Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Kentucky
Pennsylvania
Kentucky--Louisville
Kentucky
Kentucky--Lexington
Subject
Medicine
Pathology
Medical colleges--Faculty
Women--Health
Diet in disease
Medical colleges
Cognition
Fertilization (Biology)
Puberty
Senses and sensation
Sleep
Yellow fever
Medical care--History
Phrenology
Physicians
Pregnancy
Digestion
Disease
Diet
Medical care, Cost of
Physicians--Correspondence
Menstruation
Therapeutics
Putrefaction
Medical colleges--History--Sources
Smallpox
Good and evil
Excretion
Cold--Physiological effect
Occupation
Physicians
Function

Person

Birth 1772-05-14

Death 1853-07-09

Americans

English

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