Mercer, Charles Fenton, 1778-1858

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U.S. representative from Virginia; president of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company.

From the description of Papers of Charles Fenton Mercer [manuscript], 1810-1856. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647891379

State legislator and U.S. representative from Virginia.

From the description of Papers, 1816-1854. (New Jersey Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 70954784

Charles Fenton Mercer (1778-1858), was the son of James Mercer, judge of the Court of Appeals in Virginia and Eleanor Dick, daughter of Major Charles Dick of Frederickburg, Virginia, and grandson of John Mercer, lawyer, of "Marlborough" Stafford Co., Virginia. He was educated at Princeton University, receiving a law degree in 1800. He served as a delegate to the Virginia General Assembly from Loudoun Co. from 1810-1816, with service during the War of 1812 as aide-de-camp to the Governor, and rose to the rank of brigadier general. He served in Congress from 1817-1839, favoring free Negro colonization, suppression of the slave trade, internal improvements to the rivers and roads of Virginia, and popular education. Following his service in Congress, he spent time travelling in Europe to espouse the cause of abolishing the slave trade. Upon his return in 1853, he settled at the Epiropal High School of Virginia until his death. He never married. A recent biography, Charles Fenton Mercer and the Trail of National Conservatism, by Douglas R. Egerton, discusses his political contributions, (Jackson and London: Univ. Press of Mississippi, 1989).

From the description of Papers, 1807-1866. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122498036

U.S. representative from Virginia, U.S. army officer, and canal official.

From the description of Charles Fenton Mercer correspondence, 1825-1832. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980304

Charles Fenton Mercer (1778-1858), was the son of James Mercer, judge of the Court of Appeals of Virginia and Eleanor Dick, daughter of Major Charles Dick of Fredericksburg, Va., and grandson of John Mercer, lawyer, of "Marlborough" Stafford Co., Va. He was educated at Princeton University, receiving a law degree in 1800. He served as a delegate to the Virginia General Assembly from Loudoun Co. from 1810-1816, with service during the War of 1812 as aide-de-camp to the governor, and later, as Inspector General. He served in Congress from 1817-1839, favoring free Negro colonization, supression of the slave trade, internal improvements to the rivers and roads of Virginia, and popular education. Following his service in Congress, he spent time traveling in Europe to espouse the cause of abolishing the slave trade.

From the description of Autobiographical sketch, 1849 March 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122498018

Charles Fenton Mercer (1778-1858), was the son of James Mercer, judge of the Court of Appeals of Virginia and Eleanor Dick, daughter of Major Charles Dick of Fredericksburg, Va., and grandson of John Mercer, lawyer, of "Marlborough" Stafford Co., Va. He was educated at Princeton University, receiving a law degree in 1800. He served as a delegate to the Virginia General Assembly from Loudoun Co. from 1810-1816, with service during the War of 1812 as aide-de-camp to the governor, and later, as Inspector General. He served in Congress from 1817-1839, favoring free Negro colonization, suppression of the slave trade, internal improvements to the rivers and roads of Virginia, and popular education. Following his service in Congress, he spent time traveling in Europe to espouse the cause of abolishing the slave trade.

From the description of Letters, 1854-1857. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122646995

Charles Fenton Mercer (1778-1858), son of James and Eleanor Dick Mercer, graduated from the College of New Jersey at Princeton in 1797 with an A.B. and an A.M. in 1800, after which he studied law. He was elected to the House of Delegates in 1810 from Loudoun County, Virginia. In the War of 1812, Mercer rose to the rank of brigadier-general. While in the legislature, he worked for popular education. Mercer was a vice-president of the Colonization Society of Virginia in 1836 and the first President of theChesapeake and Ohio Canal. He later moved first to Tallahassee, Florida as a bank cashier and then to Kentucky near Carrollton where he farmed, and finally, after a trip to Europe in 1853, he settled at the Episcopal High School of Virginia until his death. Mercer never married.

From the description of Autobiographical sketch: Washington, 1849 March 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122553099

Charles Fenton Mercer, the son of James and Eleanor (Dick) Mercer, was born June 6, 1778 in Fredericksburg Virginia. He attended the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) where he received his undergraduate and masters degrees, 1797 and 1800 respectively. He went on to practice law in Aldie, Virginia. From 1810-1817, he served as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates. In addition, during the War of 1812, he was aide to the governor and in command at Norfolk holding the rank of brigadier-general. While in the Virginia Assembly, 1812-1813, he sponsored legislation to organize the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company; he eventually served as its first president from 1828 to 1833. In 1816 he was elected to the United States House of Representatives and served in that office from March 4, 1817, until his resignation on December 26, 1839. In 1839, after resigning from Congress, Mercer became a cashier for the Union Bank of Florida at Tallahassee. He continued to pursue his personal interests and made several trips to Europe. Shortly before his death he returned to Virginia, where he died on May 4, 1858.

From the description of Charles Fenton Mercer papers, 1748-1861. (New Jersey Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 53166796

Virginia lawyer, state legislator, and U.S. congressman.

From the description of Letters, 1806-1853. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 49253143

Mercer was an American politician, member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1817-1839), and lawyer from Virginia.

From the description of [Letter fragment] / Chs. F. Mercer. [between 1810 and 1858] (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 317958809

Charles Fenton Mercer (1778-1858) was a lawyer and congressman from Londoun County, Virginia. He served in the Virginia General Assembly from 1810-1816, with service during the War of 1812 as aide-de-camp to the Governor and rose to the rank of brigadier general. He served in Congress from 1817-1839.

From the description of Letter, 1813 April 29. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122632393

Charles Fenton Mercer (1778-1858) son of James Mercer, judge of the Court of Appeals of Virginia, and Eleanor Dick, daughter of Major Charles Dick of Fredericksburg, Va., and grandson of John Mercer, lawyer, of "Marlborough," Stafford County, Va., was educated at Princeton University, receiving a law degree in 1800. He was a delegate to the General Assembly from Loudoun Co. from 1810-1816, with service during the War of 1812 as aide-de-camp to the governor, and later, as Inspector General. He served in Congress from 1817-1839, favoring free Negro colonization, suppression of slave trade, and internal improvements to the rivers and roads of Virginia.

For three years Mercer devoted himself to procuring a territory in Africa to serve as an asylum for free Negroes who would be willing to relocate, as well as slaves whose owners might emancipate them. He was actively involved with the Virginia Colonization Society in this effort. On his last visit to Europe, his principal object was to unite the governments of Europe in putting an end to the African slave trade.

Mercer wrote an outline of his life ten years before he died and this was published as A Biographical Sketch of Hon. Charles Fenton Mercer, 1778-1853, (Richmond, Va., Whittet and Shepperson, 1911). The first biography of one of Virginia's leading antebellum politicians and reformers is the monograph. Charles Fenton Mercer and the Trial of National Conservatism by Douglas R. Egerton, (Jackson and London: Univ. Press of Mississippi, 1979).

A privately printed biography, Biographical Sketch of Hon. Charles Fenton Mercer, by James Mercer Garnett, great nephew, was printed in Richmond, Va. in 1911 by Whittet and Shepperson.

From the description of Papers, 1852-1858. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122624582

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Monroe, James, 1758-1831. Letter, Oak Hill, to Charles Fenton Mercer regarding the publishing and distribution of his memoirs [manuscript] 1828 Mar. 24. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Douglass, Ned. The Aldie Mill / by Ned Douglass. George Washington University
creatorOf Beatty, Ia. Argosy collection additional [manuscript] 1773-1839. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Wickliffe, Robert, 1775-1859. Letterbook of Robert Wickliffe [manuscript], 1817-1835. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Mercer, Charles Fenton, 1778-1858. Autograph letter signed : Aldie, Va., to Nicholas Biddle, Philadelphia, 1835 Sept. 2. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Bingham, W. mss., 1752-1891 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
creatorOf Mason, Armistead Thompson, 1787-1819. Papers : of Armistead Thompson Mason, 1813-1818. George Mason's Gunston Hall
creatorOf Mercer, Charles Fenton, 1778-1858. Autobiographical sketch: Washington, 1849 March 14. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts, 1582-1843 Houghton Library
creatorOf Mercer, Charles Fenton, 1778-1858. Letter to James Monroe [manuscript] 1812 Feb. 24. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Secretary of State colonization records, 1820-1879, undated, bulk 1836-1845 Texas State Archives
creatorOf Mercer, Charles Fenton, 1778-1858. Letter to George Carter [manuscript] 1809 May 12. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Miller family. Papers of the Miller family, 1806-1914. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Monroe, James, 1758-1831. Letter, Richmond, Va., to Charles Fenton Mercer about payment of a draft [manuscript] 1802 June 17. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Mercer, Charles Fenton, 1778-1858. [Letter fragment] / Chs. F. Mercer. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876 (bulk:1700-1800) New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Texas Association for Colonization. Texas Association for Colonization Report, 1843 University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Tyler, John, 1790-1862. Letter to Charles Fenton Mercer, 1826 December 5. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Mercer family. Papers : of the Mercer family, 1656-1869 (bulk 1740- 1845). Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Tazewell family. Papers, 1790-1848. Library of Virginia
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIb, 1807-1825 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Henry A. S. Dearborn collection, Dearborn, Henry A. S. collection, 1801-1850, 1814-1850 William L. Clements Library
creatorOf Tazewell family. Papers, 1756-1931. Library of Virginia
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. Henry A. S. Dearborn collection, 1801-1850, bulk 1814-1850. William L. Clements Library
creatorOf Mercer, Charles Fenton. Papers, 1814, 1830. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Mercer, Charles Fenton, 1778-1858. Agreement of suretyship, 1825 Dec. 26, by which C.F. Mercer, J. Osburn, and F.S. Key agree in indemnify the marshall, District of Columbia, acting pursuant to a writ of attachment issued in the suit of W.L. Lee vs. J. Cost. University of Michigan
referencedIn Richard Rush Papers, 1805-1852 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Harison, William H. Papers, [ca. 1815-ca. 1872]. © 2011 New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Preston, William, 1816-1887. Texas Association notebook, 1873-1882. University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn Randolph, John, 1773-1833. Letters, 1801-1813. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Randolph, John, 1773-1833. John Randolph of Roanoke letters [manuscript] 1804-19. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Mercer, Charles Fenton, 1778-1858. Papers of Charles Fenton Mercer [manuscript], 1810-1856. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Autographs, chiefly of Virginia politicians of the Reconstruction period [manuscript], 1796-1925. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Stuart, Alexander H. H. (Alexander Hugh Holmes), 1807-1891. Papers of Alexander H. H. Stuart and the related Stuart and Baldwin families [manuscript], 1776-1878 (bulk 1850-1861). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Palfrey family papers, 1713-1915 Houghton Library
creatorOf Randolph, John, 1773-1833. Letter to C.F. Mercer [manuscript], 1814 August 4. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Douglass, Ned. The Aldie mill, 1974 [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Mercer, Charles Fenton, 1778-1858. Letter to John Thompson Mason concerning land dispute [manuscript] 10 August 1804. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Mercer, Charles Fenton, 1778-1858. Letter: to his cousin /by Charles Fenton Mercer, 185-? Mar 10. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Monroe, James, 1758-1831. Letter to Charles Fenton Mercer [manuscript] 1809 November 6. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Madison, James, 1751-1836. Letter to Charles Fenton Mercer [manuscript] 1817 Aug. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Mercer, Charles Fenton, 1778-1858. Autobiographical sketch, 1849 March 14. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826,. Letters of James Monroe and Thomas Jefferson [manuscript], 1803 and 1821. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Mercer, Charles Fenton, 1778-1858. Papers, 1852-1858. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Douglass, Ned. The Aldie mill, 1974. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Mercer, Charles Fenton, 1778-1858. Letters, 1854-1857. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company. Letters concerning the Chesapeake and Ohio canal., 1828-1829. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Richard Rush Papers, 1805-1852 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Hamilton, James, 1786-1857. Letter : to C.F. Mercer, 1824 July 3. South Carolina Historical Society
referencedIn Texas Association for Colonization Report 1920., 1843 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Fuller, B. A. G., 1879-1956. Autograph collection, 1620-1920 Houghton Library
creatorOf Mercer, Charles Fenton, 1778-1858. Charles Fenton Mercer letters to various recipients [manuscript] 1824-45. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Cope, Thomas P. (Thomas Pim), 1768-1854. Letterbooks, 1788-1853 [microform]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Fuller, B. A. G., 1879-1956. Autograph collection, 1620-1920 Houghton Library
creatorOf Mercer, Charles Fenton, 1778-1858. Charles Fenton Mercer correspondence, 1825-1832. Library of Congress
referencedIn Eleazer Louis Ripley Wheelock Papes 1912, 1913, 1925, 1931, 1935., 1814-1935 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
creatorOf Garnett, Theodore Stanford, 1844-1915. Papers of the Garnett famiy [manuscript] 1812-1913. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Garnett-Mercer-Hunter families. Papers, 1713-1853. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts, 1582-1843 Houghton Library
creatorOf Monroe, James, 1758-1831. Financial records : of James Monroe, 1809-1831, n.d. James Monroe Museum & Memorial Library
creatorOf Fowler, Asa, 1811-1885,. Letters of Thomas Jefferson, James Monroe, Franklin Pierce, and Horace Greeley and a commission signed by Abraham Lincoln, 1814-1867. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Wheelock, Eleazer Louis Ripley. Eleazer Louis Ripley Wheelock Papes, 1814-1935 University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Mercer, Charles Fenton, 1778-1858. Papers, 1816-1854. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Randolph, Thomas Jefferson, 1792-1875. Letter extract to Charles Fenton Mercer [manuscript] 1827 Jan. 13. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Wickliffe, Robert, 1775-1859. Letterbook of Robert Wickliffe, 1817-1835. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn War of 1812 mss., 1776-1879 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
creatorOf Coughanour, V., fl. 1833,. Virginia miscellany, 1816-1849. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Mercer family. Papers : of the Mercer family, 1760-1833. George Mason's Gunston Hall
creatorOf Mercer, Charles Fenton, 1778-1858. Letter, 1813 April 29. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Key, Francis Scott, 1779-1843. Letter to William Meade [manuscript], 1820 March 7. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn White Studio (N.Y.). [Photograph of faculty of University of South Carolina] [picture], [1922]. University of South Carolina, System Library Service, University Libraries
creatorOf Mercer, Charles Fenton, 1778-1858. Charles Fenton Mercer papers, 1748-1861. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Mercer, Charles Fenton, 1778-1858. Letters, 1806-1853. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Texas. Secretary of State. Secretary of state colonization records, 1820-1879, undated, bulk 1836-1845. Texas State Library & Archives Commission
creatorOf Monroe, James, 1758-1831. Letters to Joseph Delaplaine and Charles Fenton Mercer [manuscript] 1813 Dec. 2 & 1826 Feb. 1. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company. Letters concerning the Chesapeake and Ohio canal. [manuscript], 1828-1829. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Harrison, Gessner, 1807-1862. Papers of Gessner Harrison [manuscript], 1827-1862. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Mercer, Charles Fenton, 1778-1858. Papers, 1807-1866. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Rust, George, Jr., 1788-1857. Papers, 1788-1858 (bulk 1815-1858). Library of Virginia
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Colonization Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Belton, Lucy. person
associatedWith Benton, Thomas Hart, 1782-1858. person
associatedWith Beverley, Robert, 1769-1843. person
associatedWith Biddle, Nicholas, 1786-1844. person
associatedWith Bingham, William person
associatedWith Carey, Mathew, 1760-1839. person
associatedWith Carter, George, person
associatedWith Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Clark, Addison H., person
associatedWith Clark, George Rogers, 1752-1818. person
associatedWith Clay, Henry, 1777-1852. person
associatedWith Cope, Thomas P. (Thomas Pim), 1768-1854. person
associatedWith Dick, Charles. person
associatedWith Dick, Eleanor. person
associatedWith Douglass, Ned. person
associatedWith Douglass, Ned. person
associatedWith Emmet, Thomas Addis person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865. person
associatedWith Fairfax, Henry, 1634-1702. person
associatedWith Fuller, B. A. G. (Benjamin Apthorp Gould), 1879-1956 person
associatedWith Garnett, Alexander. person
associatedWith Garnett, Eliza L. person
associatedWith Garnett, James Mercer, 1840- . person
associatedWith Garnett, James M. (James Mercer), 1770-1843. person
associatedWith Garnett, Maria H. person
associatedWith Garnett, Mary Eleanor Dick Mercer. person
associatedWith Garnett-Mercer-Hunter families. family
associatedWith Garnett, Theodore S. person
associatedWith Hamilton, James, 1786-1857. person
associatedWith Harison, William H. person
associatedWith Harrison, Gessner, 1807-1862. person
associatedWith Harrison, Matthew person
associatedWith Henderson, Richard H., fl. 1822, person
associatedWith Hunter, R.M.T. (Robert Mercer Taliaferro) 1809-1889. person
associatedWith Janney, John, 1798-1872, person
correspondedWith Janney, Phineas person
associatedWith Key, Francis Scott, 1779-1843. person
associatedWith Madison, James, 1751-1836. person
associatedWith Mason, Armistead Thompson, 1787-1819. person
associatedWith Mason, John Thompson, person
associatedWith Mercer family. family
associatedWith Mercer family. family
associatedWith Mercer family. family
associatedWith Mercer family. family
associatedWith Mercer, James, 1736-1793. person
associatedWith Mercer, John. person
associatedWith Miller family. family
associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831. person
correspondedWith Palfrey family. family
associatedWith Preston, William, 1816-1887. person
associatedWith Princeton University Nassan Hall corporateBody
associatedWith Randolph, John, 1773-1833. person
associatedWith Randolph, Thomas Jefferson, 1792-1875. person
correspondedWith Rush, Richard, 1780-1859. person
associatedWith Rust, George, Jr., 1788-1857. person
associatedWith Scott, Winfield, 1786-1866. person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Stuart, Alexander H. H. (Alexander Hugh Holmes), 1807-1891. person
associatedWith Tazewell family. family
associatedWith Tazewell family. family
associatedWith Texas Association for Colonization corporateBody
associatedWith Texas. Secretary of State. corporateBody
associatedWith Tyler, John, 1790-1862. person
associatedWith University of Virginia Board of Visitors. corporateBody
correspondedWith Van Ness, John Peter, 1770-1846 person
associatedWith Virginia. General Assembly. corporateBody
associatedWith Washington, George, 1732-1799. person
associatedWith Wheelock, Eleazer Louis Ripley person
associatedWith Wheelock, Eleazer Louis Ripley person
associatedWith Wickliffe, Robert, 1775-1859. person
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Maryland
United States
Virginia
Virginia
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal (Md. and Washington, D.C.)
Great Britain
Florida--Tallahassee
United States
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal (Md. and Washington, D.C.)
United States
Virginia
Washington (D.C.)
Estonia
Soviet Union--Description and travel
United States
Loudoun County (Va.)
Virginia
Virginia
France
Virginia
United States
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal (Md. and Washington, D.C.)
United States
Subject
Military pensions
Canals
Presidents--Election--1856
Slaves--Emancipation
Land use
Suffrage
Occupation
Representatives, U.S. Congress--Virginia
Legislators--Virginia
Canal officials
Legislators--United States
Army officers
Activity

Person

Birth 1778-06-16

Death 1858-05-04

Information

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