Crapo, Henry Howland, 1804-1869

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Flint, Michigan industrialist; governor of Michigan, 1865-1868.

From the description of Henry Howland Crapo papers, 1830-1920. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34418574

From the description of Henry Howland Crapo papers [microform], 1830-1920. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34419702

Henry Howland Crapo, a native New Englander, served as mayor of the city of Flint, state senator for the 24th District, and governor of Michigan. His activities in the private sector, however, were perhaps as crucial to Michigan as his years spent in public service. Contemporaneously with his action in state politics, Crapo was one of the entrepreneurial businessmen who helped make Michigan the leading lumbewr producer of the nation for nearly three decades.

Henry Crapo was born at Dartmouth, Massachusetts on May 27, 1804 to a poor farming family. Henry, however, quickly exhibited the ambition and ability which would later mark his endeavors in Michigan. As a young man, he took control of the local schoolhouse and when it became a high school he became its principal.

In 1832, Crapo moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts, where he taught himself the trade of surveying. In New Bedford he held many public offices and helped found the state's first free public library. He displayed a keen interest in horticulture and began investing in Michigan's pine lands in 1837. In 1856, after further investing in Michigan's timber resources, Crapo moved to Flint to better care for his business endeavors.

Once in Flint, Crapo devoted himself to developing one of the state's largest and most successful lumber businesses. He opened lumber manufactories in Flint, Fentonville, Holly, and Detroit, and was instrumental in building the Flint & Holly Railroad. Once established in the community, Crapo served terms as Flint's mayor and represented his district in the state senate.

Crapo earned the respect and admiration of his fellow citizens and business associates alike, and in 1865 he was elected governor of Michigan. In 1868, riding a wave of popularity, he was elected to a second term.

Crapo's time at the state's helm was marked by his personal integrity and faithful service to the public. He earned admiration when he vetoed bills granting railroad aid legislation. His action in the railroad matter, though struck down by the state senate, was upheld by the Supreme Court. He was an active Republican from the time of the party's organization.

Crapo and his wife, Mary Ann (Slocum), had ten children. Their only son, William Wallace Crapo, would become a U.S. Congressman from New Bedford, Massachusetts. Henry Crapo died on July 27, 1869, after a long and debilitating illness.

From the guide to the Henry Howland Crapo Papers, 1830-1920, (Bentley Historical Library University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Flagg, S. Griswold. S. Griswold Flagg collection, 1825-1938 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Brown family. Stephen F. Brown family papers, 1832-1884. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Willson, George Crapo, 1871-1938. George Crapo Willson papers 1904-1938. Kettering University
referencedIn Douglass family (Detroit and Ann Arbor, Mich.) papers, 1812-1911, 1837-1900 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
creatorOf Crapo, Henry Howland, 1804-1869,. [Sketch maps of Michigan townships]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Bowdoin, James, 1676-1747. Naushon papers, 1641-1947. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Brown family. Brown family papers, 1832-1884. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Moore family. Moore family papers, 1856-1913. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Crapo, Henry Howland, 1804-1869. Letter from Henry H. Crapo, Governor of Michigan, requesting safe passage for Michael N. Armstrong, to Nashville, Tenn., to retrieve body of soldier, S.D. Armstrong, Feb. 16, 1865. State Archive of Michigan
referencedIn S. Griswold Flagg collection, 1825-1938 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Ralph Waldo Emerson letters from various correspondents, ca. 1814-1882. Houghton Library
referencedIn McCreery-Fenton Family papers, 1818-1948, 1860-1940 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Dept. of History (University of Michigan) student papers, 1930-1987 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Autograph File, C, 1554-2002. Houghton Library
referencedIn Sears, William Barnard, 1831-1922. William Barnard Sears papers, 1852-1915. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Miller, Clement F., b. 1830. Map of "from Fort Wayne to Grand Rapids", Grand Rapids and Indiana Railroad. State Archive of Michigan
creatorOf Edmunds, J. M. (James Madison), 1810-1879. James M. Edmunds correspondence, 1861-1866. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Moore family. Moore family papers, 1856-1913 [microform]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn University of Michigan--Flint. Dept. of History. Department of History (University of Michigan--Flint) papers, 1979-1980. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf McCreery family. McCreery-Fenton family papers, 1818-1948 [microform] University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Michigan. Governor (1865-1868 : Crapo). [Messages to the Legislature] / Henry H. Crapo. Library of Michigan
creatorOf Crapo, Henry Howland, 1804-1869. Henry Howland Crapo papers [microform], 1830-1920. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Douglas family. Douglass family (Detroit and Ann Arbor, Mich.) papers, 1812-1911. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Crapo, Henry Howland, 1804-1869. Henry Howland Crapo papers, 1830-1920. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn E.F. French & Co. Map of the organized town of Cato / drawn at Greenville Aug. 27th 1861 by E.F. French & Co. land and tax agents &c. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Mary Hyde Eccles papers Houghton Library
creatorOf McCreery family. McCreery-Fenton family papers, 1818-1948. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn University of Michigan--Flint. Dept. of History. Dept. of History (University of Michigan--Flint) papers, 1979-1980. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Bowen, Herbert, 1847-1921. Herbert Bowen papers, 1751-1918. Detroit Public Library, Detroit Main Library
referencedIn McCreery-Fenton family papers, 1842-1935, 1860-1865 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
creatorOf Crapo, Henry Howland, 1804-1869. Papers, 1830-1920 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Aldrich, Nelson W. (Nelson Wilmarth), 1841-1915. person
associatedWith Anti-Saloon Republican National Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Armstrong, Michael N. person
associatedWith Armstrong, S. D. person
associatedWith Bacon, Daniel S., 1839-1866 person
associatedWith Baker, Orrin. person
associatedWith Bowen, Herbert, 1847-1921. person
associatedWith Brown family. family
associatedWith Brown family. family
associatedWith Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866 person
associatedWith Christiancy, Isaac Peckham, 1812-1890 person
associatedWith Crapo, David. person
associatedWith Crapo family. family
associatedWith Crapo, Stanley T. person
associatedWith Crapo, William Wallace, 1830-1926 person
associatedWith Douglas family. family
associatedWith Douglass Family. family
associatedWith Driggs, John F., 1813-1877 person
associatedWith Driggs, William S. person
associatedWith Duffield, D. Bethune (Divie Bethune), 1821-1891 person
associatedWith Eccles, Mary Hyde. person
associatedWith Edmunds, J. M. (James Madison), 1810-1879. person
associatedWith E.F. French & Co. corporateBody
correspondedWith Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 1803-1882 person
associatedWith Fenton, William M., 1808-1871 person
associatedWith Flagg, S. Griswold. person
associatedWith Flagg, S. Griswold. person
associatedWith Flint and Holly Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Flint and Pere Marquette Railway Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Flint & Holly Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Flint & Pere Marquette Railway Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Giddings, Orrin N., 1814-1904 person
associatedWith Gilman, Daniel Coit, 1831-1908 person
associatedWith Green, Noah K., 1808-1886 person
associatedWith Isle Royale Mining Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Isle Royal Mining Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Jackson, Lansing and Saginaw Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Jackson, Lansing, and Saginaw Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Joy, James Frederick, 1810-1896 person
associatedWith Kalamazoo and Schoolcraft Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Kalamazoo and Schoolcraft Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Kellogg, John R., 1793-1868 person
associatedWith Lansing and Saginaw Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Leach, DeWitt C., b. 1832 person
associatedWith Ledyard, Henry, 1812-1880 person
associatedWith Marquette & Ontonagon Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith McCreery family family
associatedWith McCreery family. family
associatedWith McCreery family. family
associatedWith McCreery Family family
associatedWith Mears, Charles B., 1814-1895 person
associatedWith Mercer, William, b. 1824 person
associatedWith Michigan. Governor (1865-1868 : Crapo) corporateBody
associatedWith Michigan. Governor (1865-1868 : Crapo) corporateBody
associatedWith Michigan. Legislature. corporateBody
associatedWith Moore family. family
associatedWith Moore family. family
associatedWith Pitcher, Zina, 1797-1872 person
associatedWith Republican Party (Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith Saginaw and Lansing Rail Road Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sears, William Barnard, 1831-1922. person
associatedWith Smith, Gerrit, 1797-1874 person
associatedWith Smith, Humphrey Henry Howland Crapo. person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Standish, John H., b. 1816 person
associatedWith Stanton, Edwin McMasters, 1814-1869 person
associatedWith Trowbridge, Rowland E., 1821-1881 person
associatedWith Turner, James. person
associatedWith United States. Army (Michigan Cavalry Regiment, 3rd (1861-1866) corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Dept. of History. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan--Flint. Dept. of History. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan--Flint. Dept. of History. corporateBody
associatedWith Ward, Eber Brock, 1811-1873 person
associatedWith Warner, William, 1812-1868 person
associatedWith Williams, Harvey, 1812-1867 person
associatedWith Willson, George Crapo, 1871-1938. person
associatedWith Winchell, Alexander, 1824-1891 person
associatedWith Wisner, Moses, 1815-1863 person
associatedWith Withey, Solomon L., 1820-1886 person
associatedWith Woodman, Jonathan J., b. 1825 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Monroe County (Mich.)
Macomb County (Mich.)
Macomb County (Mich.)
Berrien County (Mich.)
Saint Joseph County (Mich.)
Fentonville (Mich.)
Marathon (Mich.)
Adrian (Mich.)
United States
Clinton County (Mich.)
Ionia County (Mich.)
Marathon (Mich.)
Michigan
Fairfield (Mich.)
Fairfield (Mich.)
Michigan
Macomb County (Mich.)
United States
Calhoun County (Mich.)
Odessa (Mich.)
Kalamazoo County (Mich.)
Monroe County (Mich.)
Flint (Mich.)
Lenawee County (Mich.)
Kalamazoo County (Mich.)
Lenawee County (Mich.)
Eaton County (Mich.)
Monroe County (Mich.)
Genesee County (Mich.)
Yellowstone National Park.
Jackson County (Mich.)
Michigan--Lower Peninsula
Fulton County (Ohio)
Lenawee County (Mich.)
Flint (Mich.)
United States
Kalamazoo County (Mich.)
Ingham County (Mich.)
Odessa (Mich.)
Hillsdale County (Mich.)
Adrian (Mich.)
Shiawassee County (Mich.)
Fentonville (Mich.)
Yellowstone National Park
Subject
Real property
Railroads
Railroads
Real estate business
Real estate business
Roads
Roads
Salt
Salt industry and trade
Agriculture
Agriculture
Elections
Elections
Elections
Elections
Elections
Elections
Governors
Land owners
Land use
Land use
Logging
Lumbering
Lumbering
Occupation
Collector
Activity

Person

Birth 1804-05-24

Death 1869-07-23

Information

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