Nicholson, John, 1757-1800

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Land speculator.

From the description of John Nicholson papers, 1795 16 Feb.-10 Mar. (Historical Society of Washington, Dc). WorldCat record id: 70953089

Financier and land speculator.

From the description of John Nicholson family papers, 1786-1868. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70981679

Pennsylvania state official and land promoter.

From the description of ALS : to Thomas Mifflin, 1791 Nov. 8. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 86138981

Pennsylvania state official, business partner of Robert Morris.

From the description of ALS : to John Ely, 1799 June 25. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 86156179

From the description of ALS : to the trustees of the Aggregate Fund, 1797 July 22. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122365133

Nicholson was a financier and land speculator who was elected Comptroller General of Pennsylvania from 1782 to 1794. He was impeached for mismanaging state funds for his own gain in 1793 but was found not guilty.

From the description of Papers, [1778?]-1800. (Winterthur Library). WorldCat record id: 122516460

John Nicholson, comptroller general of Pennsylvania and land company promoter, was born in Wales and emigrated to Philadelphia with his brother Samuel prior to the American Revolution.

Nicholson was chosen one of three commissioners of accounts of Pennsylvania in 1781, and in the following year the legislature abolished the commission and appointed Nicholson comptroller general of the state with very broad powers. For the next twelve years Nicholson was the virtual fiscal dictator of Pennsylvania, and under his management the state was the first to be restored to financial stability after the turmoil of the Revolution. Nicholson was a radical in politics and was opposed to the formation of a strong federal government. As the radicals' strength waned after their defeat over the Constitution, Nicholson's high-handed methods increasingly came under attack. He was impeached on a charge of diverting state funds in 1793. He was acquitted by the Senate in 1794 but resigned all his offices.

The charges against Nicholson grew out of his intermingling of private and official business. Nicholson was increasingly involved in land speculation on a truly grand scale, often in partnership with Revolutionary financier Robert Morris. In 1792 they formed the Pennsylvania Population Company with the likes of Aaron Burr and James Wilson. In the same year, Morris and Nicholson sold 200,000 acres on the upper Susquehanna River to a group of refugees from the French Revolution. When they proved unable to meet the terms of their contract, the Asylum Company was formed to manage the property.

The firm of Morris & Nicholson acquired 7,000 lots in the new federal city of Washington and built one-third of the structures that were standing there when it became the national capital. Nicholson, Morris, and James Greenleaf formed the North American Land Company in 1795 with 6 million acres in Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Kentucky. On his own account, Nicholson organized the Territorial Land Company in 1796 and the Pennsylvania Land Company in 1797.

Less well known are Nicholson's efforts at promoting economic development through both transportation improvements and industrial innovation. He was the driving spirit behind Pennsylvania's extensive program of roads and canals, including the three private canal companies and the Philadelphia & Lancaster Turnpike, which together formed the centerpiece of the system. The Society for Promoting the Improvement of Roads and Inland Navigation was also responsible for arranging the emigration from England of William Weston, the first professional civil engineer in America.

Nicholson was also joined with Robert Morris in attempting to develop a manufacturing complex at the Falls of Schuylkill near Philadelphia and helped form the Lehigh Coal Mine Company, one of the first ventures to mine anthracite coal.

He sponsored and supported many important American inventors and mechanics, including the steamboat inventor John Fitch, and encouraged the emigration of skilled technicians from England. While most of these ventures foundered for lack of capital, some laid the foundation for future developments.

When the inflationary bubble burst in late 1796, Nicholson was greatly overextended, and his paper empire soon collapsed. Robert Morris went to debtor's prison in 1798 and Nicholson followed in the winter of 1799-1800. Although he tried to salvage his affairs from prison, his optimism eventually failed. He suffered a complete mental and physical breakdown and died in prison on December 5, 1800, leaving debts of over $4 million.

From the description of Papers, 1772-1819 [microform]. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 86123628

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Asylum Company. Papers, 1786-1851 (inclusive), 1793-1836 (bulk). Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Morris, Robert, 1734-1806. Robert Morris papers, 1751-1802. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Pennsylvania Population Company. Pennsylvania Population Company and North River Petroleum Company stock certificates, 1793-1865. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Greenleaf, James, 1765-1843. Papers, 1794-1801. Gadsden Public Library
creatorOf Butler, Pierce, 1744-1822. Autograph note in the third person : [Washington, D.C.?], to Mr. Nicholson, "Thursday evening." Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Asylum Company. Minutes, 1794-1804 (inclusive), 1794, 1802-1804 (bulk). Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Butler, Richard, 1743-1791. Letter : Philadelphia, to John Nicholson, 1791 Jan. 12. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Morris, Robert, 1734-1806. ALS : Philadelphia, to John Nicholson, 1798 Aug. 14. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Morris, Robert, 1734-1806. Letter to John Nicholson, 1797 September 25. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Jones, David, 1736-1820. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1788. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Maclay, William, 1737-1804. William Maclay journals and note, 1789-1791. Library of Congress
referencedIn Bryan, George, 1731-1791. George Bryan papers, 1764-1786. Library of Congress
creatorOf Morris, Robert, 1734-1806. Letter, 1795 March 28 : to John Nicholson. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
creatorOf Pennsylvania. Supreme Executive Council. Order : Philadelphia, 1787 Feb. 1. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf North American Land Company. Papers of the North American Land Company [manuscript], 1707-1843, n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Stone, Edward L. (Edward Lee), 1864-1938. Papers of Edward L. Stone [manuscript], 1730-1802. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Nicholson, John, 1757-1800. John Nicholson papers, 1795 16 Feb.-10 Mar. Historical Society of Washington, Dc
creatorOf Scull, John, 1765-1828. John Scull letter to John Nicholson, 1792 Feb. 24. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Ewing, John, 1732-1802. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1774-1792. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Second Presbyterian Church (Philadelphia, Pa.). Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1794-1797. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Nicholson, John, 1757-1800. Papers, [1778?]-1800. Winterthur Library
referencedIn Carson, Marian S.,. Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts, 1656-1995 (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress
creatorOf Mifflin, Thomas, 1744-1800. Letters from Thomas Mifflin, 1785, 1792-1793. Wisconsin Historical Society Archives
creatorOf Morris, Robert, 1734-1806. ALS, 1798 Mar. 16, Prune St. Jail, Philadelphia, to John Nicholson. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Nicholson, John, 1757-1800. ALS : to Thomas Mifflin, 1791 Nov. 8. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Nicholson, John, 1757-1800. Correspondence with William Smith, 1794, 1797. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Lewis, William, 1752-1819. Letter : n.p., to John Nicholson, n.p., [1792 Nov. 1]. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Pennsylvania Population Land Company. Papers, 1792-1834. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Nead, Frank B. Documents, 1663-1866. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Hopkinson, Joseph, 1770-1842. Letters of Joseph Hopkinson [manuscript], 1798-1834. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Mercantile miscellany, 1790-1870. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Morris, Robert, 1734-1806. ALS, 1798 Feb. 5, Philadelphia, to John Nicholson. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Nixon, John, 1733-1808. ALS : Philadelphia, to John Nicholson, [1791 Oct. 29]. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Jackson, David, 1747-1801. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1792. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf FitzSimons, Thomas, 1741-1811. Thomas Fitzsimons Papers, 1784-1811 (inclusive). Porterville Public Library
creatorOf Ryan, Charles. Bulloch County, Georgia land records, 1793-1856. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
creatorOf Aitken, Robert, 1735-1802. ALS, 1797 July 7, Philadelphia, to John Nicholson, Philadelphia. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Cope, Thomas P. (Thomas Pim), 1768-1854. Diaries, 1800-1851 [microfilm and photoprints]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts, 1656-1995, (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington Miscellany, Volume XI, Miscellany, 1755-1835. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Nicholson, John, 1757-1800. John Nicholson family papers, 1786-1868. Library of Congress
referencedIn New Jersey Bank,. New Jersey Bank manuscript collection, 1789-1932. Rutgers University
referencedIn Scott, Gustavus, 1753-1800. Gustavus Scott correspondence, 1797-1800. Library of Congress
creatorOf Binney, Barnabas, 1751-1787. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1787. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Letter from Benjamin Blythe to John Nicholson, 1788 July 3 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Schuylkill and Susquehanna Navigation. Announcement of meeting: 1795 Apr. 8. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Sergeant, John, 1779-1852. Papers, 1783-1897. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Johnston, Clement Dixon, 1895-1979,. Papers collected by Clement Dixon Johnston [manuscript], 1683-1943. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Aitkin, Robert, 1734-1802. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1798. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Morris, Robert, 1734-1806. ALS : Hills, to John Nicholson, 1797 Nov. 7. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Robert Morris papers, 1751-1802 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn North American Land Company. Ledger, 1795-1805. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Henderson-Wertmüller papers, 1779-1822. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Dawson, James, fl. 1793. Washington County, Georgia, land grant, 1793-1794. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn North American Land Company ledger, 1795-1805, 1795-1805 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Nicholson, John, 1757-1800. Papers, 1772-1819 [microform]. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Clay, Henry, 1777-1852,. Clay, Hamilton, Lee and Randolph letters [manuscript], 1788-1849. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Schaefler, Sam, 1920-,. Historical and Literary Letters and Documents, 1674-197-. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Aitken, Robert, 1735-1802. ALS, 1797 Aug. 14, Philadelphia, to John Nicholson, Philadelphia. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Morris, Robert, 1734-1806. ALS, 1798 Apr. 7, Prune St. Jail, Philadelphia, to John Nicholson. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Wharton, Joseph, 1734-1816. Miscellaneous manuscripts, [1794?]. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Wetherill, Samuel, 1736-1816. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1775-1803, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Nicholson, John, 1757-1800. Letterbooks, 1795-1798. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Monroe, James, 1758-1831. ALS : to John Nicholson, 1794 Jan. 29. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume VI, miscellany, 1774-1807. Cornell University Library
creatorOf North American Land Company. Papers of the North American Land Company, 1685-1854. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Hopkinson, Joseph, 1770-1842. ALS : to John Nicholson, 1794 Oct. 16. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Morris, Robert, 1734-1806. ALS, 1798 Mar. 30, Prune St. Jail, Philadelphia, to John Nicholson. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Freeman, T. B. Diary, 1841 Jan. 1-Nov. 21. Yale University, Law School Library
referencedIn Stewart, Walter, 1756-1796. Walter Stewart correspondence and regimental lists, 1783-1795. Library of Congress
referencedIn United States. District Court (Pennsylvania : Eastern District). Equity dockets and case files, 1790-1847 [microform]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Aitken, Robert, 1735-1802. ALS : to John Nicholson, 1798 Jan. 16. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Aitken, Robert, 1735-1802. ALS : to John Nicholson, 1797 Aug. 9. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Mifflin, Thomas, 1744-1800. [Letter and document] / Tho. Mifflin. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn William Maclay Journals and Note, 1789-1791 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn North American Land Company. Records, 1793-1898 (inclusive), 1798-1810 (bulk). Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Conewago Canal Company records, 1788-1820 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Henry family. Papers, 1758-1909. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Morris, Robert, 1734-1806. ALS, 1798 Feb. 20, Prune St. Jail, Philadelphia, to John Nicholson. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Bank of North America. Records, 1780-1923. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Carson, Marian S.,. Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts (continuation record), 1656-1995 (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress
referencedIn Aitken, Robert, 1735-1802. ALS : to John Nicholson, 1798 May 26. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Cope, Thomas P. (Thomas Pim), 1768-1854. Letterbooks, 1788-1853 [microform]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Lehigh Coal Mine Company. Records, 1792-1829. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Morton, Perez, 1751-1837. Documents of Revolutionary war patriots and financiers, 1776-1795. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Freeman, T. B. Diary, 1841 Jan. 1-Nov. 21. Yale University, Law School Library
referencedIn Sumter, Thomas, 1734-1783. Thomas Sumter (1734-1832) papers, 1783-1931, (bulk 1783-1832). University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Gratz, Simon. Alphabetical collection, 1677-1910. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Nicholson, John, 1757-1800. ALS : to the trustees of the Aggregate Fund, 1797 July 22. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Reed and Forde. Papers, 1759-1823. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Butler, Richard, 1743-1791. Letter : Philadelphia, to John Nicholson, 1791 Jan. 12. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Wetherill, Samuel, 1736-1816. Miscellaneous papers, 1775-1803. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Nicholson, John, 1757-1800. ALS : to John Ely, 1799 June 25. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Conewago Canal Company. Conewago Canal Company records, 1788-1820. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Aitken, Robert, 1735-1802. person
associatedWith Aitkin, Robert, 1734-1802. person
associatedWith Asylum Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Bank of North America. corporateBody
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 person
correspondedWith Bedwell, Thomas person
associatedWith Biddle, Charles, 1745-1821. person
associatedWith Biddle, Clement, 1740-1814. person
associatedWith Bingham, William, 1752-1804. person
associatedWith Binney, Barnabas, 1751-1787. person
associatedWith Blythe, Benjamin person
associatedWith Breck, Samuel, 1771-1862. person
associatedWith Brodhead, Daniel, 1736-1809. person
correspondedWith Broom, James M. (James Madison), 1776-1850 person
correspondedWith Bryan, George, 1731-1791. person
associatedWith Butler, Pierce, 1744-1822. person
associatedWith Butler, Richard, 1743-1791. person
associatedWith Carson, Marian S., person
associatedWith Carson, Marian S., person
associatedWith Carson, Marian S., collector. person
associatedWith Cazenove, Théophile, 1740-1811. person
associatedWith Clarkson, Matthew, 1733-1800. person
associatedWith Coleman, Robert, 1748-1825. person
associatedWith Conewago Canal Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839. person
associatedWith Cope, Thomas P. (Thomas Pim), 1768-1854. person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
associatedWith Coxe, Tench, 1755-1824. person
associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
associatedWith Dallas, Alexander James, 1759-1817. person
associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
associatedWith Dawes, Rumford, 1744-1819. person
associatedWith Dawson, James, fl. 1793. person
associatedWith Delaware and Schuylkill Canal Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Dickinson, John, 1732-1808. person
associatedWith Donaldson, Arthur. person
associatedWith Drinker, Henry, 1757-1822. person
associatedWith Dubois, Abraham, d. 1807. person
associatedWith Duncanson, William. person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Ellicott, Andrew, 1754-1820. person
associatedWith Ely, John, 1758-1847, person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Ewing, John, 1732-1802. person
associatedWith Fell, Jesse, 1751-1830. person
associatedWith Fitch, John person
associatedWith Fitch, John, 1743-1798. person
associatedWith FitzSimons, Thomas, 1741-1811. person
associatedWith Francis, Tench, 1730-1800. person
associatedWith Francis, Thomas W. (Thomas Willing), 1767-1815. person
associatedWith Freeman, T. B. person
associatedWith Gallatin, Albert, 1761-1849. person
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
associatedWith Gilpin, Joshua, 1765-1841. person
associatedWith Gratz, Simon. person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Greenleaf, James, 1765-1843. person
associatedWith Haga, Godfrey, 1747-1825. person
associatedWith Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804. person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
associatedWith Henry family. family
associatedWith Henry, William, 1757-1821. person
associatedWith Holland Land Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Hollenback, Matthias, 1752-1829. person
associatedWith Hopkinson, Joseph, 1770-1842. person
associatedWith Howell, Reading, 1743-1827. person
associatedWith Ingersoll, Jared, 1749-1822. person
associatedWith Jackson, David, 1747-1801. person
associatedWith Johnston, Clement Dixon, 1895-1979, person
associatedWith Jones, David, 1736-1820. person
correspondedWith Joubert, Thomas person
associatedWith Lehigh Coal Mine Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Lewis, William, 1752-1819. person
correspondedWith Livingston, Edward, 1764-1836 person
correspondedWith Maclay, William, 1737-1804. person
associatedWith McCall, Archibald, 1727-1799. person
associatedWith McKean, Thomas, 1734-1817. person
correspondedWith McLane, Louis, 1786-1857 person
associatedWith Mifflin, Thomas, 1744-1800, person
associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831. person
associatedWith Morgan, Benjamin R. person
associatedWith Morris, Robert, 1734-1806. person
associatedWith Moulder, William, 1769?-1832. person
associatedWith Nancarrow, John, 1734?-1801. person
associatedWith Nead, Frank B. person
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith New Jersey Bank, corporateBody
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith Nichols family. family
associatedWith Nixon, John, 1733-1808. person
associatedWith Noailles, Louis Marie, vicomte de, 1756-1804. person
associatedWith North American Land Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Land Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Population Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Population Land Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania. Supreme Executive Council. corporateBody
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Pratt, Henry, 1761-1838. person
associatedWith President, Managers, and Company of the Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike Road. corporateBody
associatedWith Priestley, Joseph, 1768-1833. person
associatedWith Rawle, William, 1759-1836. person
associatedWith Reed and Forde. corporateBody
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796. person
associatedWith Rumsey, James, 1743?-1792. person
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
associatedWith Schaefler, Sam, 1920-, person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Schuylkill and Susquehanna Navigation. corporateBody
correspondedWith Scott, Gustavus, 1753-1800. person
associatedWith Scull, John, 1765-1828. person
associatedWith Second Presbyterian Church (Philadelphia, Pa.). corporateBody
associatedWith Sellers, David, 1757-1813. person
associatedWith Sellers, Nathan, 1751-1830. person
associatedWith Sergeant, John, 1779-1852. person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
associatedWith Society for Promoting the Improvement of Roads and Inland Navigation (Pa.). corporateBody
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
correspondedWith Stewart, Walter, 1756-1796. person
associatedWith Stone, Edward L. (Edward Lee), 1864-1938 person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Sumter, Thomas, 1734-1783. person
correspondedWith Taney, Roger Brooke, 1777-1864 person
associatedWith T.B. Freeman & Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Territorial Land Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
associatedWith United States. District Court (Pennsylvania : Eastern District). corporateBody
associatedWith Voight, Henry, 1743-1814. person
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith Weiss, Jacob, 1750-1839. person
associatedWith Weston, William, ca. 1752-1833. person
associatedWith Wetherill, Samuel, 1736-1816. person
associatedWith Wharton, Joseph, 1734-1816. person
associatedWith Willings & Francis. corporateBody
associatedWith Willing, Thomas Mayne, 1767-1822. person
associatedWith Young, William, 1755-1829. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Pennsylvania
Maryland--Prince George's County
Washington (D.C.)
Northwest, Old
North Carolina
Washington (D.C.)
Pennsylvania
Kentucky
West Virginia
Georgia
Washington (D.C.)
South Carolina
Pennsylvania
Subject
Land tenure
Land companies
Land settlement
Button industry--18th century
Roads
Real estate investment
Turnpike roads
Finance, Personal
Real property
Toll roads
Canals
Land speculation
Bankruptcy
Glass manufacture--18th century
Retail Trade
Real estate development
Speculation
Occupation
Politicians
Financiers
Land speculators
Function

Person

Birth 1757

Death 1800-12-05

Information

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