Oswald, Richard, 1705-1784

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Scottish merchant for many years engaged in business in America and London; in 1781 he gave bail to Henry Laurens when he was imprisoned in the Tower; negotiated the peace with the Americans, and signed the preliminary articles of peace at Paris, Nov. 30, 1782.

From the description of Papers of Richard Oswald [manuscript], 1779-1781. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647860036

British merchant and politician, chief negotiator of the peace treaty that ended the American Revolution.

From the description of Note on the appointment of peace commissioners : AMs, 1782 Apr. 27. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122617136

British merchant and foreign emissary to the United States during the Revolutionary War.

From the description of Memoranda of Richard Oswald, 1779-1781. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 34567043

Richard Oswald (1705-1784) was a Scottish merchant based in London who made his fortune in the Triangle Trade and as an army contractor during the Seven Years' War. In 1759 he purchased the estate of Auchincruive in Ayrshire, but he continued to remain active in business and in contact with his representatives in London, Virginia, the Caribbean, West Africa, and India. In 1781 Lord Shelburne appointed him as his main negotiator with the American Commissioners in Paris. Oswald returned to Scotland after the signing of the Treaty and died in 1784.

From the description of Letters to Richard Oswald, 1759-1784. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702162819

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Sackville, George Germain, Viscount, 1716-1785. George Sackville Germain papers, 1683-1785. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Oswald, Richard, 1705-1784. Letters to Richard Oswald, 1759-1784. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Strachey, Henry, Sir, 1736-1810. Papers, 1776-1783 : [various locations, primarily United States. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Correspondence of the Oswald family of Auchincruive, including Richard Oswald (1705-1784), 1764-1846 Edinburgh University Library
creatorOf Oswald, Richard, 1705-1784. Note on the appointment of peace commissioners : AMs, 1782 Apr. 27. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. Richard Oswald collection, 1779-1783. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Oswald, Richard, 1705-1784,. Microfilm of three letter books of his correspondence [microform] 1761-1784. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Jared Sparks collection of documents concerning the American Revolution, 1740-1866 . Houghton Library
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of Shelburne papers, 1665-1885. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Manchester, George Montagu, Duke of, 1737-1788. George Montagu, 4th Duke of Manchester papers, 1779-1788. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Oswald, Richard, 1705-1784. Richard Oswald letter books, [manuscript], 1761-1784. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of Shelburne papers, Shelburne, William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of, papers, 1665-1885 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Benjamin Franklin Papers, 1726-1907, (bulk 1770-1789) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn George Montagu, 4th Duke of Manchester papers, Manchester, George Montagu 4th Duke of, papers, 1779-1788 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Richard Oswald collection, Oswald, Richard collection, 1779-1783 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Benjamin Vaughan Papers, 1746-1900 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Benjamin Franklin papers, 1726-1907 (bulk 1770-1789). Library of Congress
referencedIn Bacon, Edmund, b. 1785,. Papers of the Randolph family of Edgehill and Wilson Cary Nicholas [manuscript], 1765-1869. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Oswald, Richard, 1705-1784. Memoranda of Richard Oswald, 1779-1781. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Oswald, Richard, 1705-1784. Papers of Richard Oswald [manuscript], 1779-1781. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn George Sackville Germain papers, Germain, George Sackville papers, 1683-1785 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Anderson, Elizabeth, fl. 1780, person
associatedWith Anderson, James, fl. 1774-1784, person
associatedWith Anderson, John, fl. 1771-1784, person
associatedWith Anderson, Richard, fl. 1774-1776, person
associatedWith Anderson, William, fl. 1764-1771, person
associatedWith Baird, George, person
associatedWith Cornwallis, Charles Cornwallis, Marquis, 1738-1805. person
associatedWith East India Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Ellsworth, James W., person
associatedWith Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. person
associatedWith Great Britain. 1783 Sept. 3. corporateBody
associatedWith Herries, Michael. person
associatedWith Herries, Michael, fl. 1766-1768, person
associatedWith Lansdowne, William Petty, Marquis of, 1737-1805. person
associatedWith Laurens, Henry, 1724-1792. person
associatedWith Levett, John, fl. 1770-1780. person
associatedWith Manchester, George Montagu, Duke of, 1737-1788. person
associatedWith Manson, James, fl. 1763-1767, person
associatedWith Maxwell, John, fl. 1765-1784, person
associatedWith Mille, George, fl. 1775. person
associatedWith Muir, George, fl. 1780. person
associatedWith Oswald, Alexander. person
associatedWith Oswald, James, 1770-1802. person
associatedWith Oswald, James, fl. 1764-1768, person
associatedWith Oswald, Mary Ramsay, person
associatedWith Oswald, Richard, d. 1766, person
associatedWith Oswald, Richard, fl. 1764-1768, person
associatedWith Oswald, Richard; Oswald, Richard Alexander; Oswald, James; Oswald, George; Oswald, Margaret person
associatedWith Ray, Alexander, fl. 1763, person
associatedWith Robertson, Andrew, fl. 1765, person
associatedWith Robertson, Harry, fl. 1764-1784, person
associatedWith Robertson, Mary, fl. 1770-1774, person
associatedWith Robertson, William, fl. 1771-1775, person
associatedWith Russell, John, fl. 1765-1766. person
associatedWith Sackville, George Germain, Viscount, 1716-1785. person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Sterne, Laurence, fl. 1763, person
associatedWith Strachey, Henry, Sir, 1736-1810. person
associatedWith Vaughan, Benjamin, 1751-1835 person
associatedWith Vaughan, John, 1756-1841 person
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Russia
United States
Great Britain
Hampton Roads (Va. : Harbor)
South Carolina
Georgia
Great Britain
Great Britain
South Carolina
Virginia
United States
Bengal (India)
Elizabeth River (Va.)
North Carolina
Portsmouth (Va.)
United States
Russia
Africa, West
India
Portsmouth (Va.)
Virginia
United States
Georgia
Elizabeth River (Va.)
America
Scotland
North Carolina
Hampton Roads (Va. : Harbor)
Subject
Prisoners of war--History--18th century
Slave trade
Anglo--Spanish War, 1779-1783
Prisoners of war--History--Revolution, 1775-1783
Commerce
Occupation
Diplomats
Merchants
Function

Person

Birth 1705

Death 1784-11-06

Information

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SNAC ID: 353603