Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877

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Wilkes was a career U.S. naval officer who, as captain of the San Jacinto, provoked the Trent Affair in 1861.

From the description of Letter, November 1861. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 61770003

Charles Wilkes, American naval officer and explorer, was born on April 3, 1798 in New York, NY. He surveyed Narragansett Bay in 1832-1833, which led to his appointment to a depot of charts and instruments, which later became the Naval Observatory. In 1838 he was in command of an expedition which lasted for four years and went to the South Pacific, Antarctica, the Hawaiian Islands, the Northwest coast of the United States, and Oceania. He then spent the next twenty years preparing the records of this expedition. During the Civil War, he was involved in the Trent Affair, an incident in which he stopped the British steamer Trent and unlawfully removed James M. Mason and John Slidell, Confederate commissioners on the way to England. He was promoted in rank and given further war assignments. However, he was eventually put on the retired list because of criticisms and disfavor. He was commissioned to rear admiral in 1866 and retained on the retired list. Wilkes died in Washington, DC on February 8, 1877.

From the description of Letter, July 14, 1862. (Naval War College). WorldCat record id: 46326083

American naval officer.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to Gideon Welles, 1862 Aug. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270587915

U.S. naval officer and explorer, of Washington, D.C.

From the description of Papers, 1816-1876. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 20273999

Charles Wilkes was born in New York City on April 3, 1798 and entered the United States Navy as a midshipman in 1818. By 1826, Wilkes was a lieutenant and making a name for himself in survey and hydrographic work. On March 10, 1838, Wilkes was appointed to lead the U.S. Exploring Expedition (1838-1842) which traveled throughout the Pacific Ocean, South Seas, and 800 miles of coast and streams in the Oregon Country.

From the description of Report upon the territory of Oregon, 1842. (Oregon Historical Society Research Library). WorldCat record id: 36471081

Naval officer and explorer.

From the description of Charles Wilkes papers, 1607-1959 (bulk 1841-1865). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70979874

American naval officer and explorer.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Charleston, to F.D. Stuart in Washington, 1860 Jan. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270586896

Naval commander, explorer. Of New York, N.Y.; resided in Washington, D.C.

DETAILS: Charles Wilkes was born in New York City in 1798, the son of John Deponthieu & Mary (Seton) Wilkes. He was educated at various schools and tutors before entering the merchant service in 1815. He married Jane Jeffrey Renwick in 1826. He later married Mary H. Lynch Bolton in 1854. He was interested in exploration and studied under the founder of the U.S. Coast Survey, Ferdinand Hasslet. In charge of the new Depot of Charts and Instruments, he began to build a rudimentary astronomical observatory, which became the forerunner of the U.S. Naval Observatory. He commanded the very successful United States Exploring Expedition of 1838-1842. He sailed from Norfolk, Va., in command of a squadron of 5 vessels and a store-ship to explore the southern seas. Wilkes visited the Cape Verde Islands; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Tahiti; the Samoan group, which he surveyed and explored; and Sydney, N.S.W. He left Sydney in December 1839, and discovered what he thought to be an Antarctic continent, sailing along vast ice-fields for several weeks. In 1840 he visited the Hawaiian Islands, where he measured intensity of gravity by means of the pendulum on the summit of Mauna Loa. In 1841 he visited the northwestern coast of America and the Columbia and Sacramento rivers. On November 1 he set sail from San Francisco, visiting Manila, Philippine Islands, and the Cape of Good Hope; landing at New York on June 10, 1842. Upon his return, his subordinate officers instituted charges against him; he was acquitted of all but a lesser charge of mistreating seamen. In 1861 he commanded the U.S.S. San Jacinto which stopped the British steamer Trent taking off Confederate agents James Mason & John Slidell. The "Trent Affair" caused much international tension between the U.S. and Britain. Holding several more commands during the Civil War, he was subsequently court-martialed for disobedience, disrespect, insubordination and conduct unbecoming an officer owing to his comments against Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles. He was found guilty and sentenced to a public reprimand and suspended for 3 years, a sentence later reduced to 1 year. He died in 1877 in Washington, D.C.

From the description of Papers of Charles Wilkes [microform], 1837-1847. (Kansas State Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 54395691

Biographical Note

  • 1798, Apr. 3: Born, New York, N.Y.
  • 1815: Entered the merchant marine
  • 1818: Appointed midshipman
  • 1826: Married Jane Jeffrey Renwick (died 1843) Promoted to lieutenant
  • 1833: Headed the Depot of Charts and Instruments, Washington, D.C., which later became the Naval Observatory
  • 1838 - 1842 : Commanded an expedition to the Antarctic, islands of the Pacific Ocean, and the American northwest coast
  • 1843 - 1863 : On special duty, chiefly in Washington, D.C., preparing for publication of information gathered from the expedition
  • 1845: Published Narrative of the United States Exploring Expedition. Philadelphia: Lea and Blanchard. 5 vols.
  • 1849: Published Western America. Philadelphia: Lea and Blanchard
  • 1851: Published Meteorology. Philadelphia: Printed by C. Sherman
  • 1854: Married Mary H. Lynch Bolton
  • 1857: Published Theory of Zodiacal Light. Philadelphia: C. Sherman & Son, Printers
  • 1858: Published Hydrography. Philadelphia: Printed by C. Sherman
  • 1859: Published On the Circulation of the Oceans. Philadelphia Published Report on the Examination of the Deep River District, North Carolina. [Washington, D.C.]
  • 1861: While in command of the San Jacinto, halted the British mail steamer Trent and forcibly removed Confederate commissioners J. M. Mason and John Slidell
  • 1862: Placed in command of the James River Flotilla; transferred to the command of the Potomac River Flotilla; later commanded the West India Squadron
  • 1863: Recalled to Washington, D.C.
  • 1864: Court-martialed
  • 1866: Commissioned rear admiral on the retired list
  • 1877, Feb. 8: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Charles Wilkes Papers, 1607-1959, (bulk 1841-1865), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Charles Wilkes was born in New York City on 3 April 1798. He had his first experience of maritime life in merchant vessels between 1815 and 1817. In January 1818, he joined the United States Navy as a midshipman and by 1826 had been promoted to lieutenant. Whilst on leave, he studied triangulation and hydrography with Ferdinand Hassler, the first superintendent of the United States Coast Survey. He was made Director of the Navy's Depot of Charts and Instruments in Washington DC in 1833.

In 1828, the United States Congress had taken the first steps to authorize an exploring expedition and ten years later, Wilkes was offered command of the United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842. With a fleet of six vessels, the expedition was commissioned on a world voyage of hydrography and exploration that would include forays into the Southern Ocean. Through no fault of his own, the expedition was ill conceived, ill-equipped, and certainly ill prepared for Antarctic exploration. In August 1838, Wilkes, in command of the sloop of war Vincennes, left Norfolk, Virginia, and arrived at Tierra del Fuego in February 1839. From there, the squadron divided and Wilkes onboard the brig Porpoise, accompanied by Sea Gull, went south and east to the South Shetland Islands and Antarctic Peninsula, while Peacock and Flying Fish sailed southwest to a point off Thurston Peninsula, without sighting land. Following work in the Pacific Ocean, the vessels returned to the Antarctic in December 1839, sailing west along the coast of what is today called Wilkes Land, discovering and charting a series of land-falls and appearances of land between longitudes 160°East and 98°East. After a most difficult voyage in appalling conditions, covering some 1500 miles of ice-bound coast, Wilkes turned north on 21 February and on 11 March re-entered Sydney Harbour. The rest of the expedition was conducted in the warmer waters of the central and northern Pacific Ocean. Only two of the six original vessels, Vincennes and Porpoise, survived to reach New York in June 1842. Wilkes thus became the first explorer to delineate a substantial length of Antarctic coastline, enough to establish that immediately behind lay a landmass of continental size. The published charts of the expedition were the earliest to use the term Antarctic Continent.

However, on his return to New York, Wilkes faced a court-martial and, although acquitted on most charges, was found guilty of illegal punishment and sentenced to public reprimand by the Secretary of the Navy. His career did not appear to suffer and he was promoted to commander in 1843, to captain in 1855, and to commodore in 1862. He was placed in charge of the expedition's publication programme, producing a report of twenty volumes that was published in a limited edition. He served with the Union fleet in the Civil War, intercepting the British mail steamer Trent in 1861. In 1864, he faced a second court-martial, following the publication of a private letter to the Secretary of the Navy and was found guilty on all charges. He retired from the Navy as a rear admiral in 1866, and died in Washington DC on 8 February 1877.

Published work, Autobiography of Rear Admiral Charles Wilkes U.S. Navy 1798-1877 Department of the Navy Naval History Division Washington DC (1978) SPRI Library Shelf 92[Wilkes, C.]

Biographical works, The hidden coasts, a biography of Admiral Charles Wilkes by Daniel Henderson William Sloane Associates New York (1953) SPRI Library Shelf 92[Wilkes] Narrative of the United States Exploring Expedition, during the years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842 . Condensed and abridged edition Whittaker & Co. London (1845) SPRI Library Shelf Special Collection Folio (7) 91(08)[1838-1842 Wilkes]

From the guide to the Charles Wilkes collection, 1838-1842, (Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge)

The primary correspondent in this collection is Charles Wilkes (1798-1877), naval officer and explorer, who was a collateral descendant of John Wilkes (1727-1797), the noted English politician. Charles Wilkes was born in New York City, the son of John De Ponthieu and Mary (Seton) Wilkes. From 1815 through 1817 Wilkes was in the merchant service on board several ships until he was appointed midshipman in the U. S. Navy on Jan. 1, 1818. His naval career was destined to be a rather distinguished, yet controversial one. During the next fifteen years he served on board several ships including the Franklin and the Waterwitch, was promoted to lieutenant in 1826, and surveyed the Narragansett Bay in 1832-1833. Wilkes's scientific achievements were rewarded by his appointment to take charge of the Depot of Charts and Instruments in Washington, D. C. in 1833. In 1837 and 1838 he was involved in further surveying work at the shoals of Georges Bank and the Savannah River.

In 1838 Secretary of War Poinsett ordered Wilkes to command the South Seas Surveying and Exploring Expedition. This expedition and the publications concerning it provided the primary focus for his career until 1861. This Exploring Expedition, which was absent from the United States from 1838 to 1842, had as its chief fields of exploration the islands of the Pacific Ocean, the coast of the Antarctic Continent, and the American Northwest coast. From 1843 to 1861, Wilkes was assigned to special duty, chiefly to be in charge of the Exploring Expedition collections and reports. In 1844 his Narrative of the United States Exploring Expedition was published, and scientific volumes appeared from time to time. In 1842 Wilkes had been tried by a court-martial and sentenced to be publicly reprimanded for illegally punishing some of his men. Despite this he was promoted to commander in 1843 and to captain in 1855.

During the Civil War Charles Wilkes took the controversial step of overhauling the British mail steamer Trent and removed by force the Confederate commissioners James Mason and John Slidell, He saw other service in a variety of commands and received promotion to commodore and then to acting rear admiral in 1862. Again in 1864 Wilkes was court-martialed and found guilty. Two years later he was promoted to rear admiral on the retired list and was placed on special duty for a part of 1870-1873, After the Civil War he purchased the iron works at High Shoals, N. C. and pursued business interests there for several years.

Wilkes was married twice: first to Jane Jeffrey Renwick, sister of James Renwick (1792-1863) in 1826, and then to Msry H. (Lynch) Bolton in 1854, after the death of his first wife, He had six children from these marriages, For further biographical information please consult Autobiography of Rear Admiral Charles Wilkes. U. S. Navy, 1798-1877 (Washington, 1978); The Hidden Coasts by Daniel Henderson (New York, 1953); and other sources listed in the Information Folder in box 1 of the collection,

John (''Jack'') Wilkes (1827-1908), sailor and businessman, was the son of Charles Wilkes as well as a correspondent in this collection. Immediately after his appointment as a midshipman on September 9, 1841, young Wilkes was sent to sea. He served on the Delaware and on the Mississippi in the Gulf Squadron during the Mexican War. His appointment to the U. S. Naval Academy came in 1846. After graduation he was assigned to duty on the Albany and on the Marion. In about 1848 his father had him transferred for a time to work on the charts and calculations of the Exploring Expedition. On Nov. 3, 1854, he resigned his commission.

John Wilkes settled in Charlotte, N. C. in December, 1853, probably during a leave of absence from the U. S. Navy. He moved to North Carolina to supervise certain mining and milling property but in 1858 purchased the Mecklenburg Flour Mills The next year he became the proprietor of what would eventually be titled the Mecklenburg Iron Works. During the Civil War Wilkes took an active role in the Southern effort through his service in the local vigilance committee and the Home Guards, and as a financial advisor to North Carolina state officials. Wilkes also became a railroad contractor in government service.

In August, 1869 Wilkes obtained a charter for the First National Bank of Charlotte and served as its first president until 1869. This bank had the distinction of being the first national bank established south of Richmond. Wilkes formed a business partnership in the Rock Island Woolen Mills, but after its failure he devoted his energy to the successful Mecklenburg Iron Works.

Wilkes married Jane Renwick Smedberg of New York in April, 1854. Mrs Wilkes became a prominent Charlotte philanthropist. The couple had nine children, five of whom died at a young age. For further biographical information please see Biographical History of North Carolina by Samuel A. Ashe (Greensboro, 1906) ; Biographical Dictionary of the Confederacy by Jon L, Wakelyn (Westport, Conn., 1977) ; and Confederate Military History, vol. IV (Atlanta, 1899) .

From the guide to the Charles Wilkes Papers, 1816-1876, (Duke University. David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIe, 1845-1865 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Elliott, Jared L. (Jared Leigh), 1807-1881. Jared L. Elliott papers, 1838-1842. Library of Congress
referencedIn Pintard, Lewis, 1732-1818. Letter book, 1795 Nov.-1799 Jan. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Palfrey family papers, 1713-1915. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Yancey, William Lowndes, 1814-1863. Papers, 1834-1941. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Goldsborough, Louis Malesherbes, 1805-1877. Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough papers, 1797-1874. Library of Congress
referencedIn Wilkes family. Papers, 1818-1947, (bulk 1850s-1870s). University of North Carolina, Charlotte, J. Murrey Atkins Library
referencedIn Peale, Titian Ramsay, 1799-1885. Journals, 1838-39, (bulk 1841-1842). UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877. Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to Gideon Welles, 1862 Aug. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877. Letter, July 14, 1862. Naval War College, Henry E. Eccles Library
creatorOf Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877. Papers, 1816-1876. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Green family. Papers, 1810-1958. Library of Congress
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Cooper, James Fenimore, 1789-1851,. Autograph letter from James Fenimore Cooper, Paris, to Charles Wilkes [manuscript], 1830 September 14. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877. Map of the world shewing the extent and direction of the wind and the route to be followed in a circumnavigation of the globe / by Capt. Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Library of Congress
referencedIn United States Exploring Expedition (1838-1842). Records of the United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842 (inclusive). Harvard University, Gray Herbarium
creatorOf Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877. Papers, 1801-1880. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough Papers, 1797-1874 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Ramage, Helen. Wilkes Expedition 1841 / Helen Ramage. University of California, Bancroft Library, ARL
referencedIn LeConte, John L. (John Lawrence), 1825-1883. Papers, 1812-1897. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Charles Wilkes correspondence, 1838-1852 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Guilloû, Charles F. (Charles Fleury), 1813-1899. Papers, 1838-1947. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Mason, Richard B. Mortgage bond, 1835 Aug. 7. Historical Society of Washington, Dc
creatorOf Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877. Report upon the territory of Oregon, 1842. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Emmons, George Foster, 1811-1884. George Foster Emmons papers, 1828-1850. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Eld, Henry, 1814-1850. Henry Eld papers, 1841-1858. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Charles Wilkes Papers, 1816-1876 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
creatorOf Welles, Gideon, 1802-1878. Letters, 1863-ca. 1870. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Owen, Russell, 1889-1952. Letter, 1934 June 19, New York, to W.H. Hobbs, Ann Arbor. University of Michigan
referencedIn Blunt, Simon Fraser, 1818?-1854. Papers, 1833-1921. Virginia Historical Society Library
referencedIn James Fenimore Cooper collection of papers, 1825-1904, 1825-1849 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
referencedIn Gideon Welles Papers, 1777-1911, (bulk 1820-1876) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Royal Society (Great Britain) letters and communications from Americans, 1662-1900, 1662-1900 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Underwood, Joseph A., d. 1840. Journal of a cruise in the U.S.S. Relief, Lt. Commdg. A.K. Long, on a surveying and exploring expedition ... continued in the U.S.S. Vincennes, Charles Wilkes, Esqr. Commdg. Exg. Exd. / by Joseph A. Underwood, 1838-1840. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume 13, Miscellany, 1771-1832. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877. Charles Wilkes correspondence, 1838-1852. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf William Bond & Sons. Letters received, 1833 July 28-1849 Jan. 18. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Gray, Jane Lathrop Loring, 1821-1909. Collection of botanists' autographs and biographies, 183-189 (inclusive. Harvard University, Botany Libraries
referencedIn Fitzwilliam, W. J. W. J. Fitzwilliam letter to Lt. Charles Wilkes [[manuscript], 1852 April 11. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Mawson, Douglas, Sir, 1882-1958. Letter, 1943 Nov. 8, Adelaide, Australia, to Mary E. Cooley, South Hadley, Mass. University of Michigan
referencedIn Alden, James, 1810-1877. Journal : of James Alden aboard the Vincennes (Sloop-of- war), 1838 August 7 - 1842 June 22. The Mariners' Museum Library
referencedIn United States Exploring Expedition records, 1838-1842, 1838-1842 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Clark, Joseph G. Joseph G. Clark papers, 1838-1841. Library of Congress
referencedIn Eld, Henry, 1814-1850. Henry Eld papers, 1831-1849. Library of Congress
referencedIn Joseph Kay collection, 1828-1847 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Harvard University. Gray Herbarium. Administrative correspondence of the Gray Herbarium, 179?-1965 (inclusive), 1840-1955 (bulk) [microform]. Harvard University, Gray Herbarium
referencedIn United States Exploring Expedition (1838-1842). Records, 1838-1842. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Budd, Thomas A., 1813-1862. Military papers of Thomas A. and Charles A. Budd, 1820-1862. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
creatorOf Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877. Note : Washington, D.C., to an unidentified woman, 1864 Apr. 2. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Jules and Adele d'Urville collection, 1830-1842 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Case, Augustus L. Diary of Augustus L. Case, Wilkes Expedition [microform]. Washington State Library, Office of Secretary of State
referencedIn Whittle, John S., b. 1813. John S. Whittle's personal journal as surgeon on the U.S.S. Vincennes and Peacock [manuscript], 1838-1841. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Charles Wilkes Papers, 1607-1959, (bulk 1841-1865) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Engelmann, George, 1809-1884. George Engelmann papers, 1831-1914. Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H Raven Library
creatorOf Charles Wilkes collection, 1838-1842 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn Simeon A. Stearns papers, 1838-1841 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877. Charles Wilkes papers, 1607-1959 (bulk 1841-1865). Library of Congress
referencedIn Beaufort, Francis, Sir, 1774-1857. Letter: to Charles Wilkes /by Francis Beaufort, 1838 Jun 8. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877. Draft of letter : to Messrs. Gales and Seaton, 1848 Jun 12. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn John L. (John Lawrence) LeConte papers, 1812-1897, 1812-1897 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877. Papers of Charles Wilkes [microform], 1837-1847. Kansas State Historical Society
creatorOf Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877. Note : Washington, D.C., to an unidentified woman, n.p., 1864 Apr. 2. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Ringgold, Cadwalader, 1802-1867. Letter: to Charles Wilkes /by Cadwalader Ringgold, 1838 Apr 21. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn United States. Navy. Letter: to Charles Wilkes /by Mahlon Dickerson of the United States Navy, 1838 Apr 20. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf LeConte, John L. (John Lawrence), 1825-1883. John L. LeConte correspondence, 1847-1861. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Royal Society (Great Britain). Letters and communications from Americans, 1662-1900. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Van Zandt, Wynant, 1767-1831. Wynant Van Zandt, Jr. papers, 1784-1828, bulk (1804-1807). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn James Fenimore Cooper collection, 1792-1976, 1792-1894 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Woodward, Ashbel, 1804-1885. Ashbel Woodward biography collection, undated. Connecticut Historical Society
creatorOf Hughes, Denver & Peck. Papers, 1833-1888. Indiana University
referencedIn Peale, Titian Ramsay, 1799-1885. Journals of Titian Ramsay Peale, 1819-1842. Library of Congress
referencedIn Stearns, Simeon A. Simeon A. Stearns papers, 1838-1841. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Alexander Dallas Bache Letters, 1848-1860 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Babcock, Louis L. (Louis Locke), 1868-1956. Thomas A. Budd : a forgotten worthy : typescript, 1947 / by Louis L. Babcock. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Exploring expedition to the South Pole, under command of Captain Charles Wilkes, United States Navy--1838. The Mariners' Museum Library
referencedIn Pickering, Charles, 1805-1878. Journal, 1838-1841. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Wynant Van Zandt, Jr. papers, 1784-1828, 1804-1807 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Mawson, Douglas, Sir, 1882-1958. Letter, 1932 Sep. 6, Adelaide [Australia] to Prof. [W.H.] Hobbs [Ann Arbor]. University of Michigan
referencedIn Julia Garnett Pertz papers, 1820-1881 (inclusive), 1820-1858 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877. Correspondence : Wilkes and Torrey, 1847-1858. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn Boggs family. Papers, 1737-1942. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Blair, James L. Journal of a cruise in U.S. Ship Vincennes. Charles Wilkes Esqre. Commander / by James L. Blair, 1841-1842. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Torrey, John, 1796-1873. Papers, 1819-1864. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Welles, Gideon, 1802-1878. Gideon Welles papers, 1777-1911 (bulk 1820-1876). Library of Congress
referencedIn Philip Case Lockwood memorial collection of Civil War portraits and autographs, 1862-ca. 1886. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Dickinson family library, 1810-1977. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Fillebrown, Thomas Scott, 1834-1884. Papers of Thomas Scott Fillebrown, 1861. Library of Congress
referencedIn Charles Wilkes collection, 1838-1842 Scott Polar Research Institute
creatorOf Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877. Autograph letter signed : Charleston, to F.D. Stuart in Washington, 1860 Jan. 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Charles Sumner correspondence, 1829-1874. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Fitzwilliam, W. J. W. J. Fitzwilliam letter to Lt. Charles Wilkes th [manuscript], 1842 August 2. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Fox, John Lawrence, d. 1864. John Lawrence Fox journals : mss., 1838-1861. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn John Torrey papers, 1819-1864, 1819-1864 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Cooper, James Fenimore, 1789-1851,. Autograph letter signed from James Fenimore Cooper, Paris, to Charles Wilkes, New York [manuscript], 1826. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Cooper, James Fenimore, 1789-1851. James Fenimore Cooper collection of papers, 1825-1904 bulk (1825-1849). New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877. Letter, November 1861. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Colvocoresses, George M. (George Musalas), 1816-1872. United States Exploring Expedition journals, 1840-1852. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Maury, Matthew Fontaine, 1806-1873. Letter to Capt. Charles Wilkes [manuscript], 1848 March 15. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Ramage, Helen. Wilkes Expedition 1841 / Helen Ramage. University of California, Bancroft Library, ARL
creatorOf Woodbury, Levi, 1789-1851. Letter, 1848 March 11, Washington, to Charles Wilkes, Washington. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IId, 1837-1844 American Philosophical Society
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Alden, James, 1810-1877. person
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associatedWith Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867 person
associatedWith Bainbridge, William, 1774-1833. person
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 person
associatedWith Beaufort, Francis, Sir, 1774-1857. person
associatedWith Benton, Thomas Hart, 1782-1858. person
associatedWith Blair, James L. person
associatedWith Blunt, Simon Fraser, 1818?-1854. person
associatedWith Boggs family. family
correspondedWith Bolton, William Compton, d. 1849 person
associatedWith Budd, Thomas A., 1813-1862. person
associatedWith Case, Augustus L. person
associatedWith Clark, Joseph G. person
associatedWith Colvocoresses, George M. (George Musalas), 1816-1872. person
associatedWith Confederate States of America. Navy. corporateBody
correspondedWith Cooper, James Fenimore, 1789-1851, person
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
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associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
correspondedWith Dana, James Dwight, 1813-1895 person
associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
associatedWith Dickinson family, collector. family
correspondedWith Drayton, Joseph person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
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associatedWith Eld, Henry, 1814-1850. person
associatedWith Elliott, Jared L. (Jared Leigh), 1807-1881. person
associatedWith Emmons, George Foster, 1811-1884. person
associatedWith Engelmann, George, 1809-1884. person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Fairfax, D. M. (Donald McNeill), 1821-1894. person
associatedWith Fillebrown, Thomas Scott, 1834-1884. person
associatedWith Finch, William Bolton. person
associatedWith Fitch, John person
correspondedWith Fitzwilliam, W. J. person
associatedWith Fox, John Lawrence, d. 1864. person
associatedWith Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890. person
associatedWith Gales & Seaton (publishers) corporateBody
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
correspondedWith Goldsborough, Louis Malesherbes, 1805-1877. person
correspondedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Gray, Jane Lathrop Loring, 1821-1909. person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Green family. family
associatedWith Guilloû, Charles F. (Charles Fleury), 1813-1899 person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
associatedWith Harvard University. Gray Herbarium. corporateBody
associatedWith Hudson's Bay Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Hudson, William Leverreth, 1794-1862. person
associatedWith Hughes, Denver & Peck. corporateBody
associatedWith Joseph W (Henry) Kay person
associatedWith Jules Sebastien Cesar Dumont and Adele d'Urville person
associatedWith LeConte, John L. (John Lawrence), 1825-1883. person
associatedWith Lockwood, Philip Case, 1844-1897 person
associatedWith Maratanza (Steamer) corporateBody
associatedWith Mason, J. M. (James Murray), 1798-1871. person
associatedWith Mason, Richard B. person
associatedWith Maury, Matthew Fontaine, 1806-1873. person
associatedWith Mawson, Douglas, Sir, 1882-1958. person
correspondedWith McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885 person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith Owen, Russell, 1889-1952. person
correspondedWith Palfrey family. family
associatedWith Peale, Titian Ramsay, 1799-1885. person
correspondedWith Pertz, Julia Garnett, 1793-1852 person
associatedWith Pickering, Charles, 1805-1878. person
associatedWith Pintard, Lewis, 1732-1818. person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Porpoise (Brig) corporateBody
associatedWith Preston, William Ballard, 1805-1862. person
associatedWith Ramage, Helen. person
associatedWith Renwick, James, 1790?-1863. person
associatedWith Ringgold, Cadwalader, 1802-1867. person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Royal Society (Great Britain). corporateBody
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
associatedWith Slidell, John. person
associatedWith Slidell, John, 1793-1871. person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Stearns, Simeon A person
associatedWith Stearns, Simeon A. person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
associatedWith Stevens, Thomas Holdup, 1819-1896. person
associatedWith Stuart, F. D., person
correspondedWith Stuart, Fred D. person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
correspondedWith Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874 person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
correspondedWith Torrey, John, 1796-1873 person
associatedWith Underwood, Joseph A., d. 1840. person
associatedWith United States Exploring Expedition (1838-1842) corporateBody
associatedWith United States Exploring expedition Antarctic regions 1838-1842 corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Navy. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Navy. James River Flotilla. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Navy. Potomac Flotilla. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Navy. West India Squadron. corporateBody
associatedWith Van Zandt, Wynant, 1767-1831. person
associatedWith Vincennes (Sloop of war) corporateBody
associatedWith Wachusett (Steamer) corporateBody
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
correspondedWith Welles, Gideon, 1802-1878 person
associatedWith Whittle, John S., b. 1813. person
associatedWith Wilkes Charles 1798-1877 person
correspondedWith Wilkes, Eliza person
associatedWith Wilkes family. family
associatedWith Wilkes family. family
associatedWith Wilkes family. family
associatedWith Wilkes family. family
correspondedWith Wilkes, Jane person
correspondedWith Wilkes, Jane person
associatedWith Wilkes, John, 1827-1908. person
correspondedWith Wilkes, Mary Lynch Bolton person
associatedWith William Bond & Sons. corporateBody
associatedWith Woodbury, Levi, 1789-1851. person
associatedWith Woodward, Ashbel, 1804-1885. person
associatedWith Yancey, William Lowndes, 1814-1863. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Antarctica
Hawaii
North Carolina
Antarctica
Northwest, Pacific
United States
Hawaii
Hawaii
Antarctica
Oregon
South America
United States
Oceania
United States
Antarctica
Antarctica Discovery and exploration
United States
Pacific States
Oceania--Discovery and exploration
Oceania
Hawaii
Oceania
United States
Germany
Pacific Ocean
United States
Hawaii
United States
Antarctica
Pacific Ocean
United States
United States
Oceania
Subject
Wages--19th century
Maps
Scientific expeditions--Oceania
Navies--United States--Officers--19th century
Meteorology--Observations
Indians of North America--Missions
Gold mines and mining
Industry
Atmospheric circulation--Maps
Navies--Officers--19th century
Nautical charts
Winds--Maps
Scientific expeditions
American letters--History--19th century
Scientific expeditions--Hawaii
Astronomy
Wages--United States--19th century
Cholera--Germany
Navigation
Cholera
Discoveries in geography
Physical geography
Scientific expeditions--Antarctica
World maps, Manuscript
Voyages and travels
Tides
Trent Affair, 1861
Explorers
Trent Affair, November 8, 1861
Occupation
Explorers
Explorers--United States
Naval officers
Seamen--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1798-04-03

Death 1877-02-08

Americans

English

Information

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