André, John, 1751-1780

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British army officer.

From the description of The American times, a satire, in three parts : poem, undated. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71070981

John André, a British army officer during the American Revolutionary war. In January 1777, he became captain of the 26th Regiment of Foot ; in early summer he became the aide-de-camp to Charles Gret, 1st Earl of Grey (1729-1807). and in 1778 was promoted to major. In 1779 André became adjutant general of the British Army and was put in charge of intellegince gathering. Captured by the Americans in September 1780, he was hanged as a spy on October 2, 1780.

From the description of Journal of John André, 1777, June -- 1778, November. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 616123138

Royal Army officer.

From the description of Duel between General Howe and General Gadsden : song, ca. 1851. (The South Carolina Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 37522739

John André (May 2, 1750-October 2, 1780) was born in London where he worked in his father's merchant business till 1770. In 1771 he bought a second lieutenant's commission in the 23d Regiment, Royal Welsh Fusiliers and later purchased a first lieutenancy in the same regiment. In 1775 he was sent to St. Johns on the Sorel River in Canada where the British were fortifying against an impending American attack. He was taken prisoner by the Americans in November 1775 and not released till November 1776 in a prisoner exchange. In 1777, André became an aide-de-camp to Major General Charles Grey, with whom he accompanied to battles of the Brandywine (September 11), Paoli (September 20-21), Germantown (October 4), and Whitemarsh (December 4). In 1778, he became an aid to General Clinton and was promoted to deputy adjutant general of the army in 1779. In this position, André managed correspondence between Clinton and secret agents in America and was involved with currying letters for Benedict Arnold. On Septembers 23, 1780, André was caught with an incriminating military letter from Arnold and was arrested, tried as a spy and was executed shortly after.

A few months before his death, André composed The Cow Chace, A Poem in Three Cantos, which satirized the Battle of Bull's Ferry, an unsuccessful attack by American generals Anthony Wayne, Henry Lee, and William Alexander, which won only cattle for the Americans. The poem was first published in the London Gazette.

From the guide to the John André The Cow Chace, André, John The Cow Chace, 1780-1881, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. Autograph letter signed : New York, to Col. Sheldon, 1780 Sept. 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876, 1700-1800 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Anna Seward Poems, Seward, Anna Poems., 1781-[1793] William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Freeman, Douglas Southall, 1886-1953,. Tallmadge-Norwood-Wilkins collection, 1769-1962 (bulk 1851-1934). James Monroe Museum & Memorial Library
creatorOf John André The Cow Chace, André, John The Cow Chace, 1780-1881 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Todd, Charles Henry, 1838-1915. Charles Henry Todd : papers, 1848-1917. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. [Fort Lafayette and Verplank Point]. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume IX, Miscellany, 1766-1808. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Native American History collection, 1689-1921 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Mount Pleasant Public Library (Pleasantville, N.Y.). Map collection, 1776-1925. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Nathanael Greene papers, Greene, Nathanael, papers, 1762-1852, 1780-1785 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Paul Green Papers, 1880-1992 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Hart, John, 1751-1836. Letter to Abraham Gould, 1780 Oct. 4. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. Ru 26: Office Of The Secretary, Incoming Corres..
referencedIn Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804. Letters, 1780 ; 1791. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Papers, 1765-1886 (inclusive), 1775-1806 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Sabin, Frank T. Autograph letters of Major André and his captors. Boston Athenaeum
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. Position of the army near Iron Hill. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Carl Van Doren Papers, 1900-1950 Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special CollectionsManuscripts Division
referencedIn Autograph File, A, 1518-2002. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Henry Clinton papers, Clinton, Henry papers, 1736-1850 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Childs, George William, 1829-1894. George William Childs papers [manuscript], 1882-1892. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. [West Point]. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. Progress of the army from their landing till taking possession of Philadelphia. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. Native American History collection, 1689-1921. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. The American times, a satire, in three parts : poem, undated. Library of Congress
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. Letters : by and concerning John André, [18--] Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Flexner, James Thomas, 1908-2003. The traitor and the spy : Benedict Arnold and John André : typescript, 1953 / James Thomas Flexner. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Jared Sparks collection of documents concerning the American Revolution, 1740-1866 . Houghton Library.
referencedIn Historical Society of the Tarrytowns (Tarrytown, N.Y.). Scrapbook collection, 1847-1978. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. Journal of John André, 1777, June -- 1778, November. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Greenburgh Public Library (Elmsford, N.Y.). Local history collection, 1780-1988, 1919-1988 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. [Isle aux Noix]. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Everett, Eleazer, 1761-1828. Eleazer Everett orderly book, 1780. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. [Part of the modern counties of Union, Middlesex, and Somerset, New Jersey and Staten Island, New York]. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn André - papers relating to the case of Major John André, 1780-1921. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Blauvelt Free Library (Blauvelt, N.Y.). Rockland County history collection, 1780-1988, 1908-1988 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Adye, Stephen Payne, d. 1794. Correspondence, 1769-1783. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. [Disposition of the British forces on Long Island, Staten Island, and Manhattan Island, under Cornwallis and Knyphausen]. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Tallmadge, Benjamin, 1754-1835. Benjamin Tallmadge collection, 1756-1846. Princeton University Library
referencedIn [Commonplace book], [1805 or later]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Gibbs, Caleb. Diary, 1780. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn George Sackville Germain papers, Germain, George Sackville papers, 1683-1785 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Hale, Nathan, 1755-1776. Collection, 1795-1915. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn W. B. O. Field portrait collection, ca. 1600-1900. Houghton Library.
referencedIn United States. Continental Army. Von Steuben's Division. Orderly book, 1780. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn American historical documents : facsimiles, 1780-1865. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn W. A. Graham research, circa 1778-1921, 1934 L. Tom Perry Special Collections19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Nelson, Thomas, fl. 1851-1853. Thomas Nelson letters from Oregon, 1851-1853. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Sutherland, Andrew, Captain. Letter of Andrew Sutherland, 1780 September 22. Library of Congress
referencedIn Woolley, Eliza, fl. 1806. Eliza Woolley's book : manuscript, 1806 Dec. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. Benedict Arnold papers, 1780. Library of Congress
referencedIn Edwards Brothers, inc., Ann Arbor, Mich. Edwards American Revolution lithoprinted facsimiles, 1945. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. John André The Cow Chace, 1780-1881. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804. Letters, 1780; 1791. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. ALS, 1776 June 1, Carlisle, to [General Philip Schuyler]. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Frost, Samuel, 1751-1817. Orderly books. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Collection of the Andre family papers. Wichita State University, Ablah Library
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. Document, 1778. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn New York (State). Governor (1777-1795 : Clinton). Papers found on British spy Major Andre ("Andre Papers"), 1780. New York State Archives
referencedIn Cyrus W. Field papers, 1831-1905, 1880-1890 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Clinton, Henry, Sir, 1738?-1795. Henry Clinton papers, 1736-1850. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. Prologue on opening the [John Street] Theatre in New York on Jan. 9, 1779 : manuscript, undated. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn William B. Osgood Field collection of additional prints, ca. 1580-1917. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Napier, Charles. Letter, 1858. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Portrait file: Guide. Houghton Library.
referencedIn United States. Continental Army. New York Regiment, 2nd. Orderly books, 1779-1783. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Poem entitled "The American Times-Part 1st" criticizing the new American government; attributed to Major John Andre. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Field, Cyrus W. (Cyrus West), 1819-1892. Cyrus W. Field papers, 1831-1905, bulk (1880-1890). New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. [Proposed redoubt at Canoe Place]. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume X, miscellany, 1764-1805. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume VIII, miscellany, 1776-1816. Cornell University Library
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. Progress of the British army from the landing in Elk River to the taking possession of Philadelphia anno 1777. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Woodbridge, Theodore, 1748-1810. Papers of Theodore Woodbridge, 1780-1813 (bulk 1780-1783). Library of Congress
referencedIn Peterson, Henry, 1818-1891. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1876-1899, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. Bedford. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Stark, John, 1728-1822. Orderly book of John Stark, 1780, Sept. 17 - Nov. 19. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Maury, James, 1746-1840. Papers of James Maury, 1769-1917. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. [Part of the modern counties of Union, Middlesex, and Somerset, New Jersey and Staten Island, New York]. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. Papers, 1765-1886 (inclusive), 1775-1806 (bulk). Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. [Plan of the British attack on Mud Island, Pennsylvania]. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. [Progress of the British army from Elk River to Philadelphia, 1777]. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. Duel between General Howe and General Gadsden : song, ca. 1851. South Carolina Historical Society, SCHS
referencedIn Russell, Jonathan, 1771-1832. Letter, 1815 February 14. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Andreana. Society of the Cincinnati Library
referencedIn Benson J. Lossing collection, Lossing, Benson J. collection, 1850-1904, 1850-1891 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Mooers, Benjamin, 1758-1838. Papers of Benjamin Mooers, 1780. Library of Congress
referencedIn Tucker, St. George, 1752-1827. Papers of St. George Tucker, 1780-1801. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Seward, Anna, 1742-1809. Monody on Major Andre [manuscript], after 1781 / by Miss Seward. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Nelson, Thomas, fl. 1851-1853. Thomas Nelson letters from Oregon, 1851-1853. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn United States. Continental Army. U.S. Continental Army orderly book, 1780. Library of Congress
referencedIn John Vaughan papers, Vaughan, John papers, 1779-1781, 1784, 1789 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Graham, W. A. (William Alexander), 1875-1954,. W. A. Graham research. American Primers
referencedIn Eggleston, Joseph, 1754-1811. Autograph letter signed : Hackinsack, 1780 Sept. 28. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. Fort DuQuesne. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Hufeland, Otto. Scrapbooks, 1690-1925. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Warren, Elijah, fl. 1780. Letters. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Freneau, Philip Morin, 1752-1832. Papers of Philip Morin Freneau [manuscript], 1778-1799. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Russell, Peter, 1733-1808. ALS : New York, N.Y., to Gen. Sir John Vaughan, 1780 Oct. 25. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Gibbs, Caleb, 1755-1818. Journal of Caleb Gibbs, 1780-1782. Library of Congress
referencedIn Eleazer Everett orderly book, Everett, Eleazer orderly book, 1780 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Badeau, Adam. Tucker-Ewell papers, 1770-1893, 1770-1818. Library of Virginia
creatorOf André, John, 1751-1780. [Fort Lee]. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Cope, Thomas P. (Thomas Pim), 1768-1854. Diaries, 1800-1851 [microfilm and photoprints]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Seymour, George Dudley, 1859-1945. George Dudley Seymour collection, 1896-1930. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Major André : poem, [n.d.]. Brown University, John Hay Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adye, Stephen Payne, d. 1794. person
associatedWith Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. person
associatedWith Bixby, William K. (William Keeney), 1857-1931, person
associatedWith Blauvelt Free Library (Blauvelt, N.Y.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Cauell, L. B. person
associatedWith Childs, George William, 1829-1894. person
associatedWith Clinton, Henry, 1771-1829 person
associatedWith Clinton, Henry, Sir, 1738?-1795. person
associatedWith Cope, Thomas P. (Thomas Pim), 1768-1854. person
associatedWith Edwards Brothers, inc., Ann Arbor, Mich. corporateBody
associatedWith Eggleston, Joseph, 1754-1811. person
associatedWith Emmet, Thomas Addis person
associatedWith Everett, Eleazer, 1761-1828. person
associatedWith Field, Cyrus W. (Cyrus West), 1819-1892. person
associatedWith Field, William B. Osgood, collector. person
associatedWith Flexner, James Thomas, 1908-2003. person
associatedWith Freneau, Philip Morin, 1752-1832. person
associatedWith Frost, Samuel, 1751-1817. person
associatedWith Gadsden, Christopher, 1724-1805 person
associatedWith Gibbs, Caleb, 1755-1818. person
associatedWith Graham, W. A. (William Alexander), 1875-1954, person
associatedWith Great Britain. Army corporateBody
associatedWith Greenburgh Public Library (Elmsford, N.Y.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Green, Paul, 1894-1981 person
associatedWith Grey, Charles Grey, Earl, 1729-1807. person
associatedWith Hale, Nathan, 1755-1776. person
associatedWith Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804. person
associatedWith Hart, John, 1751-1836. person
associatedWith Historical Society of the Tarrytowns (Tarrytown, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Howe, Robert, 1732-1786 person
associatedWith Hufeland, Otto. person
associatedWith Maury, James, 1746-1840. person
associatedWith McKee, Thomas F., person
associatedWith Mooers, Benjamin, 1758-1838. person
associatedWith Mount Pleasant Public Library (Pleasantville, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Napier, Charles. person
associatedWith Nelson, Thomas, fl. 1851-1853. person
associatedWith New York (State). Governor (1777-1795 : Clinton) corporateBody
associatedWith Peterson, Henry, 1818-1891. person
associatedWith Russell, Jonathan, 1771-1832. person
associatedWith Russell, Peter, 1733-1808. person
associatedWith Sackville, George Germain, Viscount, 1716-1785 person
associatedWith Schuyler, Philip John, 1733-1804. person
associatedWith Seward, Anna, 1742-1809. person
associatedWith Seymour, George Dudley, 1859-1945. person
associatedWith Sheldon, Col, person
associatedWith Smith, William, person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Stark, John, 1728-1822. person
associatedWith Sutherland, Andrew, Captain. person
associatedWith Tallmadge, Benjamin, 1754-1835. person
associatedWith Todd, Charles Henry, 1838-1915. person
associatedWith Tucker, St. George, 1752-1827. person
associatedWith United States. Continental Army. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Continental Army. New York Regiment, 2nd. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Continental Army. Von Steuben's Division. corporateBody
associatedWith Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950 person
associatedWith Vaughan, John, Sir, 1747 or 8-1795. person
associatedWith Warren, Elijah, fl. 1780. person
associatedWith Washington, George, 1732-1799, person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony, 1745-1796. person
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Woodbridge, Theodore, 1748-1810. person
associatedWith Woolley, Eliza, fl. 1806. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New Jersey
Middlesex County (N.J.)
South Carolina
Union County (N.J.)
United States
United States
New Jersey
New Jersey
Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
United States
United States
United States
Staten Island (New York, N.Y.)
United States
New York (State)
West Point (N.Y.)
United States
United States
Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Somerset County (N.J.)
Pennsylvania
Philadelphia Campaign, 1777-1778
Massachusetts
United States
Somerset County (N.J.)
New York (State)
New York (State)
Philadelphia Campaign, 1777-1778
Philadelphia Campaign, 1777-1778
United States
Philadelphia Campaign, 1777-1778
United States
Union County (N.J.)
United States
Middlesex County (N.J.)
Staten Island (New York, N.Y.)
United States
New York (State)
Philadelphia Campaign, 1777-1778
Pennsylvania
United States
Iron Hill (Pa.)
United States
Fort Mifflin (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Subject
Bull's Ferry, N.J., Engagement at, 1780
Brun Guide
Maps shelf
Blockhouse plans
Manuscript maps
Germantown, Battle of, Philadelphia, Pa., 1777--Sources
Manuscript maps--Facsimiles
Monmouth, Battle of, Freehold, N.J., 1778--Sources
Library of Congress Maps
Clinton Maps
Philadelphia Campaign, 1777-1778--Personal narratives
Architectural elevations (Fort Mifflin, Philadelphia, Pa.)
Trials (Espionage)
Brandywine, Battle of, Pa., 1777--Sources
Huntington Library Maps
Dueling
Occupation
Army officers, British
Function

Person

Birth 1751-05-02

Death 1780-10-02

Britons

English

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