Torrey, John, 1796-1873

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Zaccheus Collins was a merchant and botanist.

From the guide to the Zaccheus Collins botanical correspondence, 1805-1827, 1805-1827, (American Philosophical Society)

John Torrey was a botanist, and was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1835.

From the description of Papers, 1819-1864. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 154298249

From the guide to the John Torrey papers, 1819-1864, 1819-1864, (American Philosophical Society)

U. S. physician and botanist.

From the description of Papers, 1818-1859. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 35527699

Botanist, chemist, and educator.

From the description of John Torrey papers, 1869-1870. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980635

Parker Cleaveland worked as a mineralogist and geologist.

From the guide to the Parker Cleaveland papers, [ca. 1806]-1844, Circa 1806-1844, (American Philosophical Society)

John Torrey was an American botanist. He was born in New York in 1796. In 1817, he was a founding member of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York. In 1836 he became botanist to the State of New York and in 1853 he became the Chief Assayer to the United States Assay Office. He is the author of Flora of the northern and middle sections of the United States (1924).

From the description of Letter to Matthew H. Webster, 1823, Oct. 1. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 516505870

John Torrey, the first professional botanist in the United States, specialized in North American flora and developed an innovative classification system known as the "natural system." He worked at New York University from 1832 as a professor of chemistry and botany.

From the description of Diary, 1833. (New York University, Group Batchload). WorldCat record id: 60863301

John Torrey (1796-1873) was one of the greatest figures in American botanical history. He led botanists in the adoption of the natural system of classification. His extensive herbarium became the foundation of the New York Botanical Garden Herbarium. Appointed botanist for the Geological Survey of the State of New York in 1836, he published the first compete flora of the state in addition to preparing descriptions of plants collected during surveys for the Pacific railroad routes, the Mexican boundary survey and many other botanical expeditions.

From the description of John Torrey papers 1768-1871. (New York Botanical Garden). WorldCat record id: 42369309

John Torrey (1796-1873) was a physician, botanist, chemist, and geologist. He was born August 15, 1796, in New York. Torrey co-founded the New York Lyceum of Natural History (now the New York Academy of Science) in 1817. Starting out as a medical doctor, Torrey entered the army as a surgeon in 1824 and became a professor of chemistry and geology at West Point military academy. He taught botany, chemistry, geology, and mineralogy in professorial positions at Columbia University and University of the City of New York. Torrey was appointed botanist of the state of New York in 1836. Torrey published several works including: A Catalogue of Plants Growing Spontaneously within Thirty Miles of the City of New York (1917), Flora of the Northern and Middle Sections of the United States (1824), and Flora of the State of New York (1843). He published portions of Flora of North America with Asa Gray, who was then a student.

Smithsonian Institution Archives Field Book Project: Person : Description : rid_555_pid_EACP552

John Torrey (1796-1873) was one of the greatest figures in American botanical history. He led botanists in the adoption of the natural system of classification. His extensive herbarium formed the basis of the New York Botanical Garden Herbarium. Appointed botanist of for the Geological Survey of the State of New York in 1836, he published the first complete flora of the state in addition to preparing descriptions for the plants collected during surveys for the Pacific railroad routes and the Mexican boundary survey and many other botanical expeditions.

From the description of John Torrey papers, 1768-1871. (New York State Historical Documents). WorldCat record id: 155462570

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Daniel Cady Eaton papers, 1854-1897 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Palmer, Edward, 1831-1911. Correspondence : Palmer and Torrey, 1867. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn John L. (John Lawrence) LeConte papers, 1812-1897, 1812-1897 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Darlington, William, 1782-1863. William Darlington papers, 1843-1860, 1951. Historical Society of Delaware
creatorOf Torrey, John, 1796-1873. John Torrey papers, 1869-1870. Library of Congress
referencedIn C. S. (Constantine Samuel ) Rafinesque miscellaneous manuscripts, 1817-1834, 1817-1834 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Young, Aaron, 1819-1898. Papers, [ca. 1839-1894]. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Parry, Charles Christopher, 1823-1890. Correspondence : Parry and Torrey, 1846-1868. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
creatorOf Torrey, John, 1796-1873. Diary, 1833. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn William Hemsley Emory papers, 1823-1886 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Short, Charles Wilkins, 1794-1863. Charles Wilkins Short : papers, 1811-1869. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Miscellaneous letters, 1744-1894. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Schott, Arthur, 1814-1875. Correspondence : Schott and Torrey, 1851-1869. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890. Correspondence : Frémont and Torrey, 1842-1849. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn George Jarvis Brush family papers, 1834-1960, 1834-1939 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Parry, Charles Christopher, 1823-1890. Correspondence : Parry and Engelmann, 1851-1884. Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H Raven Library
creatorOf Torrey, John. John Torrey oral history, 1986. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890. ALS, 1848 March 2 : Washington City, to Dr. John Torrey, Princeton. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Smallwood Collection, 1801-1887 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Adams, John, d. 1855. [Collection of 19th-century matriculation tickets, lecture admission cards, schedule cards, and graduation tickets from various colleges of medicine and pharmacy.]. Library Company of Philadelphia
creatorOf Torrey, John, 1796-1873. Papers, 1818-1859. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Hedrick, Benjamin Sherwood, 1827-1886. Benjamin Sherwood Hedrick papers, 1848-1893. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Oakes, William, 1799-1848. Correspondence, 1823-1848. Gadsden Public Library
referencedIn Gray, Jane Lathrop Loring, 1821-1909. Collection of botanists' autographs and biographies, 183-189 (inclusive. Harvard University, Botany Libraries
creatorOf Torrey, John, 1796-1873. John Torrey papers 1768-1871. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn Harvard University. Gray Herbarium. Administrative correspondence of the Gray Herbarium, 179?-1965 (inclusive), 1840-1955 (bulk) [microform]. Harvard University, Gray Herbarium
referencedIn Silliman family. Silliman family papers, 1717-1977 (inclusive), 1717-1911 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Torrey, John. ALS, 1773 December 14 : Plymouth, to the care of Dr. Foreman. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Aaron Young papers, [ca. 1839-1894], Circa 1839-1894 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Denslow, William Wallace, 1826-1868. William Wallace Denslow botanical manuscripts collection, 1864-1868. University of Massachusetts Amherst, W.E.B. Du Bois Library
referencedIn Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840. Correspondence and writings, 1808-1840. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Cooley, Dennis. Letters, 1819-1853. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Autograph File, T, 1580-1975. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Thurber-Woolson Botanical Collection MS 65., 1803-1918 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IId, 1837-1844 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Bailey, Jacob Whitman, 1811-1857. Correspondence : Bailey and Torrey, 1836-1857. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
creatorOf Torrey, John, 1796-1873. Correspondence : Torrey and Engelmann, 1844-1873. Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H Raven Library
referencedIn Brush, George Jarvis, 1831-1912. George Jarvis Brush family papers, 1834-1960 (inclusive), 1834-1939 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Torrey, John, 1796-1873. Letter to Matthew H. Webster, 1823, Oct. 1. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Torrey Botanical Club. Records, 1865-1978. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn John Fries Frazer papers, 1834-1871, 1834-1871 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Asa Gray papers, 1838-1887, 1838-1887 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf John Torrey papers, 1819-1864, 1819-1864 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877. Correspondence : Wilkes and Torrey, 1847-1858. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn Silliman family. Silliman family papers, 1717-1977 (inclusive), 1717-1911 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Collins, Zaccheus, ca. 1764-1831. Botanical correspondence of Zaccheus Collins of Philadelphia, 1805-1827. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890. Correspondence : Frémont and Engelmann, 1844-1856. Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H Raven Library
referencedIn Morton, Samuel George, 1799-1851. Papers, 1819-1850. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Civil War collection, 1806-1882 (bulk 1861-1865). New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Darlington, William, 1782-1863. Papers, 1788, [ca. 1800]-1863. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Materials for a biography, [ca. 1946-1962], of David Hosack, Circa 1946-1962 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Cleaveland, Parker, 1780-1858. Letters, [ca. 1806]-1844. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Samuel George Morton Papers, 1819-1850 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Torrey, John,. Autograph letters, 1744-1894, of naturalists. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Short, Charles Wilkins, 1794-1863. Correspondence, 1813-1867. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn C. S. (Constantine Samuel) Rafinesque correspondence and writings, 1808-1840, 1808-1840 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Parker Cleaveland papers, [ca. 1806]-1844, Circa 1806-1844 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn C. S., (Constantine Samuel ) Rafinesque correspondence, 1819-1840, to John Torrey, 1819-1840 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn George P. Merrill Correspondence and Autographs, 1803-1926 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Merrill, George P. (George Perkins), 1854-1929. George P. Merrill correspondence and autographs, 1803-1926. Library of Congress
creatorOf Torrey, John, 1796-1873. John Torrey papers, 1768-1871. New York State Historical Documents
referencedIn Dorothea Lynde Dix papers, 1798-1893 (inclusive), 1827-1887 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Emory, William H. (William Hemsley), 1811-1887. Correspondence : Emory and Torrey, 1847-1857. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn Dawson, John William, Sir, 1820-1899. Letter, 1853, July 24 : Pictou, Nova Scotia, to W.J. Anderson. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn John James Audubon papers, 1813-1880 (inclusive), 1828-1855 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Croom, H. B. (Hardy Bryan), 1798-1837. H. B. Croom papers, 1822-1838 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840. Correspondence, 1819-1840, to John Torrey. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn William Wallace Denslow Botanical Manuscripts Collection MS 64., 1864-1868 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries
referencedIn Nineteenth Century Notebooks, Diaries, and Journals, Bulk, 1833-1883, 1833-1938 New York University. Archives.
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Charles Wilkins Short correspondence, 1813-1867, 1813-1867 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Leavenworth, Melinas C., 1796-1862. Melinas C. Leavenworth letter, 1837 Sept. 2. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Parry, C. C. (Charles Christopher), 1823-1890. Papers, 1841-1943. Iowa State University, Parks Library
creatorOf Torrey, John, 1796-1873. Papers, 1819-1864. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Biography collection, 1917-1954. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Tuckerman, Edward, 1817-1886. Correspondence, 1832-1873. Gadsden Public Library
referencedIn Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Autograph collection, 1757-1931, 1800-1916 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Silliman family papers, 1717-1977, 1717-1911 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Brown, Elbert William. Nineteenth century notebooks, diaries and journals, 1833-1938 (bulk 1833-1883). Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Natural Science manuscripts collection, 1817-1918 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Nicollet, J. N. (Joseph Nicolas), 1786-1843. Correspondence : Nicollet and Torrey, 1841-1843. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn Brush, George Jarvis, 1831-1912. George Jarvis Brush family papers, 1834-1960 (inclusive), 1834-1939 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIc, 1826-1836 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Natural Science manuscripts collection, 1817-1918 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Autograph letters of naturalists, 1744-1894, 1744-1894 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf United States Army Hospital (West Point, N.Y.). Papers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf Zaccheus Collins botanical correspondence, 1805-1827, 1805-1827 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Miscellaneous letters, 1744-1894. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Emory, William H. (William Hemsley), 1811-1887. William Hemsley Emory papers, 1823-1886. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Robbins, Christine Chapman,. Materials for a biography, [ca. 1946-1962], of David Hosack. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Gilmer, Francis Walker, 1790-1826. Correspondence of Francis Walker Gilmer [manuscript], 1784-1826. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Eaton, Daniel Cady, 1834-1895. Daniel Cady Eaton (1834-1895) papers, 1854-1897 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1817-1834. American Philosophical Society Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
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correspondedWith Bailey, Jacob Whitman, 1811-1857. person
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associatedWith Brooklyn Botanic Garden. corporateBody
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associatedWith Cockayne, L. (Leonard), 1855-1934. person
associatedWith Collins, Zaccheus, ca. 1764-1831. person
associatedWith Cooley, Dennis. person
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
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associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
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correspondedWith Engelmann, George, 1809-1884 person
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associatedWith Hitchcock, Edward, 1793-1864. person
associatedWith Humboldt, Alexander von, 1769-1859 person
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associatedWith Keating, William Hypolitus, 1799-1840 person
associatedWith Lamson-Scribner, F. person
associatedWith Leavenworth, Melinas C., 1796-1862. person
associatedWith LeConte, John L., (John Lawrence), 1825-1883 person
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correspondedWith Merrill, George P. (George Perkins), 1854-1929. person
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associatedWith Muhlenberg, Gotthilf Henrich Ernst, 1753-1815 person
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associatedWith Nott, Josiah Clark, 1804-1873. person
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associatedWith Oakes, William, 1799-1848. person
associatedWith Ord, George, 1781-1866 person
correspondedWith Palmer, Edward, 1831-1911. person
associatedWith Parry, Charles Christopher , 1823-1890. person
associatedWith Pickering, Edward C., (Edward Charles), 1846-1919 person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Prain, D. (David), b. 1857. person
associatedWith Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840. person
associatedWith Rau, Eugene Abraham, 1848-1932. person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Robbins, Christine Chapman person
associatedWith Robbins, Christine Chapman, person
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associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
correspondedWith Schott, Arthur, 1814-1875. person
associatedWith Schweinitz, Lewis David von, 1780-1834. person
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associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
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associatedWith Silliman family. family
associatedWith Silliman family. family
associatedWith Smallwood, W. M. (William Martin), 1873-1949 person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Steinhauer, Henry, d. 1818 person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
correspondedWith Stuart, Fred D. person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
associatedWith Thurber, George, and Woolson, George Clark, compilers person
associatedWith Todd, Laurie K. (Laurie Konigsburg), 1956- person
associatedWith Torrey Botanical Club. corporateBody
associatedWith Torrey, John, person
associatedWith Tuckerman, Edward, 1817-1886. person
associatedWith United States Army Hospital (West Point, N.Y.) corporateBody
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associatedWith United States National Museum. Division of Plants corporateBody
associatedWith Vaughan, Benjamin, 1751-1835 person
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith Webster, Henry Matthew, 1803-1846, person
associatedWith Webster, John White, 1793-1850. person
associatedWith Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877. person
associatedWith Wilson, Alexander, 1766-1813 person
associatedWith Young, Aaron, 1819-1898. person
associatedWith Young, Aaron, b. 1819 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
West (U.S.)
United States
New York (State)
North America
Southwest, New
United States
Europe
United States
West (U.S.)
New York (State)
Rocky Mountain Region
New York (State)
New York
West (U.S.)
Subject
Temperance
Boston Tea Party, 1773
Natural history
Geology
Plants--Classification
Tea tax (American colonies)
Botanical illustration
Botanists
Botany
Plants
Botany--History--19th century--Sources
Science and technology
Geology--New York (State)--Surveys
Darlingtonia californica
Geology--Survey
Minerals--Collection and preservation
Agricultural administration
Botany--History--19th century
Agriculture
Mineralogy
Insects
Occupation
Chemists
Physicians
Botanists
Educators
Function

Person

Birth 1796-08-15

Death 1873-03-10

Americans

English

Information

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