Torrey, John, 1796-1873

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John Torrey (1796-1873) was one of the greatest figures in American botanical history. He led botanists in the adoption of the natural system of classification. His extensive herbarium became the foundation of the New York Botanical Garden Herbarium. Appointed botanist for the Geological Survey of the State of New York in 1836, he published the first compete flora of the state in addition to preparing descriptions of plants collected during surveys for the Pacific railroad routes, the Mexican boundary survey and many other botanical expeditions.

From the description of John Torrey papers 1768-1871. (New York Botanical Garden). WorldCat record id: 42369309

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Young, Aaron, 1819-1898. Papers, [ca. 1839-1894]. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Torrey, John, 1796-1873. Correspondence : Torrey and Engelmann, 1844-1873. Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H Raven Library
referencedIn Emory, William H. (William Hemsley), 1811-1887. William Hemsley Emory papers, 1823-1886. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Torrey, John, 1796-1873. John Torrey papers, 1869-1870. Library of Congress
creatorOf Gilmer, Francis Walker, 1790-1826. Correspondence of Francis Walker Gilmer [manuscript], 1784-1826. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Asa Gray papers, 1838-1887, 1838-1887 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Torrey, John, 1796-1873. Papers, 1819-1864. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Palmer, Edward, 1831-1911. Correspondence : Palmer and Torrey, 1867. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn CORRESPONDENCE Of distinguished botanists, chiefly French and English, consisting for the most part of letters from Philip Barker Webb to H. B. A. Moquin-Tandon, and from others to the same and to Webb; 1784-1860. The names of all the writers are giv..., 1784-1860 British Library
creatorOf Adams, John, d. 1855. [Collection of 19th-century matriculation tickets, lecture admission cards, schedule cards, and graduation tickets from various colleges of medicine and pharmacy.]. Library company of Philadelphia
referencedIn Parry, Charles Christopher, 1823-1890. Correspondence : Parry and Engelmann, 1851-1884. Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H Raven Library
referencedIn Denslow, William Wallace, 1826-1868. William Wallace Denslow botanical manuscripts collection, 1864-1868. University of Massachusetts Amherst, W.E.B. Du Bois Library
referencedIn Hedrick, Benjamin Sherwood, 1827-1886. Benjamin Sherwood Hedrick papers, 1848-1893. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877. Correspondence : Wilkes and Torrey, 1847-1858. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IId, 1837-1844 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Administrative correspondence of the Gray Herbarium and Harvard University Herbaria, 1890-2019, bulk 1890-1955 Harvard University, Gray Herbarium
referencedIn Autograph File, T, 1580-1975. Houghton Library
referencedIn Cooley, Dennis. Letters, 1819-1853. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Autograph collection, 1757-1931, 1800-1916 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Parry, Charles Christopher, 1823-1890. Correspondence : Parry and Torrey, 1846-1868. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840. Correspondence and writings, 1808-1840. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn vol. III., ff. 483, 1826-1858.includes:ff. 1, 25, 53 Adolphe Théophile Brongniart: Letters to R. Brown: 1824, 1826, 1828.: Fr. f. 6 Samuel Nicolaus Casström, KPS; Councillor of Commerce at Stockholm: Letters to R. Brown: 1821-1826. f. 7 William Elf..., 1826-1858 British Library
referencedIn Short, Charles Wilkins, 1794-1863. Correspondence, 1813-1867. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn A Calendar of The Jefferson Papers of the University of Virginia Special Collections, University of Virginia Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIc, 1826-1836 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Darlington, William, 1782-1863. William Darlington papers, 1843-1860, 1951. Historical Society of Delaware
creatorOf United States Army Hospital (West Point, N.Y.). Papers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Gray, Asa, 1810-1888. Papers, 1838-1887. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Samuel George Morton Papers, 1819-1850 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Parry, C. C. (Charles Christopher), 1823-1890. Papers, 1841-1943. Iowa State University, Parks Library
referencedIn Merrill, George P. (George Perkins), 1854-1929. George P. Merrill correspondence and autographs, 1803-1926. Library of Congress
referencedIn George P. Merrill Correspondence and Autographs, 1803-1926 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Eaton, Daniel Cady, 1834-1895. Papers, 1854-1897 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Torrey, John, 1796-1873. John Torrey papers, 1768-1871. New York State Historical Documents (Albany, N.Y.)
creatorOf Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Miscellaneous letters, 1744-1894. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840. Correspondence, 1819-1840, to John Torrey. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Cleaveland, Parker, 1780-1858. Letters, [ca. 1806]-1844. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Darlington, William, 1782-1863. Papers, 1788, [ca. 1800]-1863. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Dawson, John William, Sir, 1820-1899. Letter, 1853, July 24 : Pictou, Nova Scotia, to W.J. Anderson. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
creatorOf Torrey, John, 1796-1873. Papers, 1818-1859. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn C. S. (Constantine Samuel) Rafinesque correspondence and writings, 1808-1840, 1808-1840 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Tuckerman, Edward, 1817-1886. Correspondence, 1832-1873. Gadsden Public Library
referencedIn Bailey, Jacob Whitman, 1811-1857. Correspondence : Bailey and Torrey, 1836-1857. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn Autograph letters of naturalists, 1744-1894, 1744-1894 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Gray, Jane Lathrop Loring, 1821-1909. Collection of botanists' autographs and biographies, 183-189 (inclusive. Harvard University, Botany Libraries
creatorOf Torrey, John, 1796-1873. Diary, 1833. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1817-1834. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn John James Audubon papers, 1813-1880 (inclusive), 1828-1855 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn George Jarvis Brush family papers, 1834-1960, 1834-1939 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Emory, William H. (William Hemsley), 1811-1887. Correspondence : Emory and Torrey, 1847-1857. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
creatorOf Torrey, John,. Autograph letters, 1744-1894, of naturalists. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf John Torrey papers, 1819-1864, 1819-1864 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Aaron Young papers, [ca. 1839-1894], Circa 1839-1894 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Silliman family papers, 1717-1977 (bulk 1717-1911) Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890. Correspondence : Frémont and Engelmann, 1844-1856. Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H Raven Library
creatorOf Torrey, John, 1796-1873. John Torrey papers 1768-1871. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn LeConte, John L. (John Lawrence), 1825-1883. Papers, 1812-1897 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Biography collection, 1917-1954. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Collins, Zaccheus, ca. 1764-1831. Botanical correspondence, 1805-1827 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn C. S., (Constantine Samuel ) Rafinesque correspondence, 1819-1840, to John Torrey, 1819-1840 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Library. Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection. 1668-1983. American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Silliman family. Silliman family papers, 1717-1977 (inclusive), 1717-1911 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Torrey, John,. Autograph letters, 1744-1894, of naturalists. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890. ALS, 1848 March 2 : Washington City, to Dr. John Torrey, Princeton. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn C. S. (Constantine Samuel ) Rafinesque miscellaneous manuscripts, 1817-1834, 1817-1834 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Croom, H. B. (Hardy Bryan), 1798-1837. H. B. Croom papers, 1822-1838 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Robbins, Christine Chapman,. Materials for a biography, [ca. 1946-1962], of David Hosack. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Torrey Botanical Club. Records, 1865-1978. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890. Correspondence : Frémont and Torrey, 1842-1849. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn Nineteenth Century Notebooks, Diaries, and Journals, Bulk, 1833-1883, 1833-1938 New York University. Archives
referencedIn Materials for a biography, [ca. 1946-1962], of David Hosack, Circa 1946-1962 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Natural Science manuscripts collection, 1817-1918 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Harvard University. Autograph File, G. 1641-2009. Houghton Library
referencedIn John Fries Frazer papers, 1834-1871, 1834-1871 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Charles Wilkins Short correspondence, 1813-1867, 1813-1867 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn William Wallace Denslow Botanical Manuscripts Collection MS 64., 1864-1868 Special Collections and University Archives, UMass Amherst Libraries
referencedIn Thurber-Woolson Botanical Collection MS 65., 1803-1918 Special Collections and University Archives, UMass Amherst Libraries
referencedIn Nicollet, J. N. (Joseph Nicolas), 1786-1843. Correspondence : Nicollet and Torrey, 1841-1843. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn Schott, Arthur, 1814-1875. Correspondence : Schott and Torrey, 1851-1869. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn Civil War collection, 1806-1882 (bulk 1861-1865). New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Silliman family. Silliman family papers, 1717-1977 (inclusive), 1717-1911 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Morton, Samuel George, 1799-1851. Papers, 1819-1850. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn William Hemsley Emory papers, 1823-1886 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Leavenworth, Melinas C., 1796-1862. Melinas C. Leavenworth letter, 1837 Sept. 2. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Beattie, R. Kent (Rolla Kent), 1875-1960. Papers, 1899-1956 Washington State University Libraries Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections (MASC)
referencedIn Short, Charles Wilkins, 1794-1863. Charles Wilkins Short : papers, 1811-1869. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887. Papers, 1798-1893 (bulk 1827-1887) Houghton Library
referencedIn Oakes, William, 1799-1848. Correspondence, 1823-1848. Gadsden Public Library
creatorOf Torrey, John. ALS, 1773 December 14 : Plymouth, to the care of Dr. Foreman. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Torrey, John, 1796-1873. Letter to Matthew H. Webster, 1823, Oct. 1. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Brush, George Jarvis, 1831-1912. Family papers, 1834-1960 (bulk: 1834-1939) Yale University Library
referencedIn Smallwood Collection, 1801-1887 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
creatorOf Brown, Elbert William. Nineteenth century notebooks, diaries and journals, 1833-1938 (bulk 1833-1883). Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Natural Science manuscripts collection, 1817-1918 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Parker Cleaveland papers, [ca. 1806]-1844, Circa 1806-1844 American Philosophical Society
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
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associatedWith Collins, Zaccheus, ca. 1764-1831. person
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associatedWith Delavan, Edward C. (Edward Cornelius), 1793-1871. person
correspondedWith Denslow, William Wallace, 1826-1868 person
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correspondedWith Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887 person
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correspondedWith Engelmann, George, 1809-1884 person
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associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
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associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888. person
associatedWith Gray, Jane Lathrop Loring, 1821-1909. person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Guyot, A. (Arnold), 1807-1884. person
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associatedWith Harrar, J. George (Jacob George), 1906-1982. person
associatedWith Harvard University. Gray Herbarium. corporateBody
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associatedWith Hembel, William. person
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associatedWith Hitchcock, Edward, 1793-1864. person
associatedWith Humboldt, Alexander von, 1769-1859 person
associatedWith Ives, Eli, 1778-1861 person
associatedWith Keating, William Hypolitus, 1799-1840 person
associatedWith Lamson-Scribner, F. person
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associatedWith LeConte, John L., (John Lawrence), 1825-1883 person
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associatedWith Maclure, William, 1763-1840 person
associatedWith Mease, James, 1771-1846 person
correspondedWith Merrill, George P. (George Perkins), 1854-1929. person
associatedWith Morton, Samuel George, 1799-1851. person
associatedWith Muhlenberg, Frederick Augustus Conrad, 1750-1801 person
associatedWith Muhlenberg, Gotthilf Henrich Ernst, 1753-1815 person
associatedWith Newberry, J. S. (John Strong), 1822-1892. person
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith New York State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences corporateBody
correspondedWith Nicollet, J. N. (Joseph Nicolas), 1786-1843. person
associatedWith Nott, Josiah Clark, 1804-1873. person
associatedWith Nuttall, Thomas, 1786-1859 person
associatedWith Oakes, William, 1799-1848. person
associatedWith Ord, George, 1781-1866 person
associatedWith Ord, George, 1781-1866. person
correspondedWith Palmer, Edward, 1831-1911. person
associatedWith Parry, Charles Christopher , 1823-1890. person
associatedWith Pickering, Charles, 1805-1878. person
associatedWith Pickering, Edward C., (Edward Charles), 1846-1919 person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Prain, D. (David), b. 1857. person
associatedWith Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840. person
associatedWith Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840. person
associatedWith Rau, Eugene Abraham, 1848-1932. person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Robbins, Christine Chapman person
associatedWith Robbins, Christine Chapman, person
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
correspondedWith Schott, Arthur, 1814-1875. person
associatedWith Schweinitz, Lewis David von, 1780-1834. person
associatedWith Seaver, Fred Jay, 1877-1970. person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
associatedWith Short, Charles Wilkins, 1794-1863. person
associatedWith Short, Charles Wilkins, 1794-1863. person
associatedWith Silliman, Benjamin, 1779-1864. person
associatedWith Silliman, Benjamin, 1779-1864. person
associatedWith Silliman family. family
associatedWith Silliman family. family
associatedWith Silliman family. family
associatedWith Smallwood, W. M. (William Martin), 1873-1949 person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Steinhauer, Henry, d. 1818 person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
correspondedWith Stuart, Fred D. person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
associatedWith Thurber, George, and Woolson, George Clark, compilers person
associatedWith Todd, Laurie K. (Laurie Konigsburg), 1956- person
associatedWith Torrey Botanical Club. corporateBody
associatedWith Torrey, John, person
associatedWith Torrey, John, 1796-1873. person
associatedWith Tuckerman, Edward, 1817-1886. person
associatedWith United States Army Hospital (West Point, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith United States Exploring Expedition (1838-1842) corporateBody
associatedWith United States National Museum. Division of Plants corporateBody
associatedWith University of Virginia Library. Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826 corporateBody
associatedWith Vaughan, Benjamin, 1751-1835 person
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith Webster, Henry Matthew, 1803-1846, person
associatedWith Webster, John White, 1793-1850. person
associatedWith Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877. person
associatedWith Wilson, Alexander, 1766-1813 person
associatedWith Wilson, Alexander, 1766-1813. person
associatedWith Young, Aaron, 1819-1898. person
associatedWith Young, Aaron, b. 1819 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Europe
Rocky Mountain Region
West (U.S.)
New York (State)
New York (State)
North America
New York (State)
United States
United States
United States
New York
West (U.S.)
West (U.S.)
Paris, France
Southwest, New
Subject
Tea tax (American colonies)
Temperance
Agricultural administration
Agriculture
Boston Tea Party, 1773
Botanical illustration
Botanists
Botany
Botany
Botany
Darlingtonia californica
Geology
Geology
Geology
Insects
Mineralogy
Minerals
Natural history
Naturalists
Plants
Plants
Science and technology
Occupation
Botanists
Chemists
Collector
Educators
Physicians
Activity

Person

Birth 1796-08-15

Death 1873-03-10

Americans

English

Information

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