Gould, Benjamin Apthorp, 1824-1896

Variant names

Hide Profile

American astronomer. Graduated Harvard, 1844; University of Göttingen (Germany), 1848. He returned to the United States with the hope of establishing an era for astronomy. In 1849 he founded and became the first editor of the "Astronomical Journal." In 1855, he became director of the Dudley Observatory. A public controversy arose when he disagreed with the Scientific Council and Trustees of the Observatory as to management of the facility. He was terminated as director in 1859. From this time until 1872, Gould remained in Cambridge, Massachusetts, married Mary Apthorp Quincy and continued work on star observations. In 1870 he commissioned the establishment of the National Observatory at Córdoba, Argentina. It was here that he conducted the studies and observations later published in 'Uranometria Argentina'(1879) and 'Resultados del Observatorio Nacional Argentino En Córdoba' (1879-1896). Upon his return from Argentina Gould restablished the 'Astronomical Journal' (suspended since 1861) with the assistance of Seth A. Chandler. Later, following Gould's death in 1896, Chandler completed the publication of 'Resultados.'

From the description of B.A. Gould Papers, 1874-1918. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84011722

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Joseph W. Collingwood Papers Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn A. D. Bache Papers, 1828-1863, (bulk 1836-1863) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn John Jay Chapman papers Houghton Library
referencedIn Scientists Collection, 1563-1973 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Hale, George S. (George Silsbee), 1825-1897. Scrapbook, 1870-1893. Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Winlock, Joseph, 1826-1875. Letterbook, 1857-1875. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Gould, Benjamin Apthorp, 1824-1896. Certificate, 1821 June 21, Boston. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Chapman, John Jay, 1862-1933. Additional papers, 1841-1940 Houghton Library
referencedIn Lenzen, Victor Fritz, 1890-. Letter to Dorothy Michelson Stevens regarding Albert A. Michelson, 1965. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Benjamin A. Gould Collection, 1874-1918 University of Puget Sound Archives
creatorOf Parkman, Francis, 1823-1893. Letters. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Gould, Benjamin Apthorp, 1824-1896. Speech of Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 1919. Library of Congress
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Library. Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection. 1668-1983. American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Smith, George Sidney. G. Sidney Smith papers, 1870-1896. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Papers, 1911-1944 (inclusive), 1929-1937 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Gould, Alice Bache, 1868-1953. Papers, 1778-1939. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Letters to Thomas Morong, 1874-1888 Botany Libraries
referencedIn Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen. Letters and documents, 1787-1888. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Gould, Benjamin Apthorp, 1824-1896. B.A. Gould Papers, 1874-1918. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Augustus A. (Augustus Addison) Gould papers, 1831-1866, 1831-1866 (inclusive), 1838-1852 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Asaph Hall Papers, 1837-1983, (bulk 1860-1920) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Henry and Mary Anna Palmer Draper papers, 1859-1914, 1869-1914 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Newcomb, Simon, 1835-1909. Papers of Simon Newcomb, 1854-1936 (bulk 1865-1909). Library of Congress
referencedIn Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. Othniel Charles Marsh papers, 1817-1899 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn LeConte, John L. (John Lawrence), 1825-1883. Papers, 1812-1897 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Draper, Henry, 1837-1882. Henry and Mary Anna Palmer Draper papers, 1859-1914, bulk (1869-1914). Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Loring, Charles G. (Charles Greely), 1794-1867. Papers, 1768-1866 Houghton Library
referencedIn Niedersächsische Staats-und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen letters and documents, 1787-1888, 1787-1888 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Anthropology of the Army : carbon typescript, 1918 November 15. Museum of New Mexico Library
referencedIn Langdon, William Chauncy, 1831-1895. William Chauncy Langdon papers, 1600-1903 (bulk 1846-1863). Library of Congress
referencedIn Frazer, John Fries, 1812-1872. Papers, 1834-1871. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Gould, Benjamin Apthorp, 1824-1896,. Benjamin Peirce [photograph], Aug. 1856. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIe. 1845-1865. American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Papers, 1911-1944 (inclusive), 1929-1937 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Gould, Benjamin Apthorp, 1824-1896. Benjamin A. Gould Collection, 1874-1918. University of Puget Sound, Collins Memorial Library
referencedIn Gibbes, Lewis Reeves, 1810-1894. Papers, 1793-1894 (bulk 1838-1894) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Silliman family. Silliman family papers, 1717-1977 (inclusive), 1717-1911 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Samuel Henshaw letters from various correspondents, 1849-1937 and undated. Houghton Library
creatorOf Cope, E. D. (Edward Drinker), 1840-1897. Papers, 1848-1940 (bulk 1855-1896). Haverford College Library
referencedIn Winlock, Joseph, 1826-1875. Letterbook, 1857-1875. American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Wright, Chauncey, 1830-1875. Papers, 1850-1875 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Mitchell, Maria, 1818-1889. Papers, ca. 1825-1887. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn May, Samuel J. (Samuel Joseph), 1797-1871. Samuel J. May diary, 1869. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Cleveland Abbe Papers, 1850-1954, (bulk 1850-1916) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 1803-1882. [Letters and fragments] / R. W. Emerson. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Wendell family papers Houghton Library
referencedIn Garo, John Higue, 1870-1939,. Alice Bache Gould photographs, ca. 1850-1997; bulk: 1868-1934 Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Clark, Alvan, 1804-1887. Correspondence, 1857-1893. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Harvard University. Autograph File, G. 1641-2009. Houghton Library
referencedIn Thomas Wentworth Higginson correspondence Houghton Library
referencedIn George W. Childs Letters, 1862-1892 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. Papers, 1817-1899 Yale University Library
referencedIn LeConte, John L. (John Lawrence), 1825-1883. Papers, 1812-1897. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Charles Babbage selected correspondence, 1827-1871, 1827-1871 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Gould, Hannah Flagg, 1789-1865. Poems and correspondence, 1824-1851 and undated. Houghton Library
referencedIn Babbage, Charles, 1791-1871. Selected correspondence, 1827-1871. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Gibbes, Lewis Reeves, 1810-1894. Papers, 1793-1894 (bulk 1838-1894) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn William Roscoe Thayer papers, 1762-1927 (inclusive), 1872-1921 (bulk) Houghton Library
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, E-K. Houghton Library
referencedIn Hoadley, Charles J., 1828-1900, and Hoadley, George E.,1837-1922. Autograph collection, 1648-1925 Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Palfrey family papers, 1713-1915 Houghton Library
referencedIn Chandler, Seth Carlo, 1846-1913. Papers [microform], 1861-1914. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Gould, Benjamin Apthorp, 1824-1896. Letters. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Gould, Benjamin Apthorp, 1824-1896. Papers / a. 1840-1897. American Institute of Physics
referencedIn Silliman family papers, 1717-1977 (bulk 1717-1911) Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn John Fries Frazer papers, 1834-1871, 1834-1871 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Young, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1834-1908. Selected papers [microform], 1849-1908. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Letters to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1761-1904 (inclusive), 1820-1888 (bulk) Houghton Library
referencedIn Silliman family. Silliman family papers, 1717-1977 (inclusive), 1717-1911 (bulk). Yale University Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Abbe, Cleveland, 1838-1916. person
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Alexander, J. H. (John Henry), 1812-1867 person
correspondedWith Alexander, Stephen person
correspondedWith American Philosophical Society corporateBody
associatedWith Argentina. Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. corporateBody
correspondedWith Armsby, James H. (Dr.) person
associatedWith Astronomical Journal corporateBody
associatedWith Babbage, Charles, 1791-1871. person
correspondedWith Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. person
associatedWith Bache, Nancy (Mrs. A. D.) person
correspondedWith Baird, Spencer F. person
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 person
associatedWith Barnard, Frederick Augustus Porter person
correspondedWith Barton, E. H. person
associatedWith Biddle, Clement C., (Clement Cornell), 1784-1855 person
associatedWith Bien, Julius person
associatedWith Bigelow, Frank H. person
associatedWith Bowditch, Henry I., (Henry Ingersoll), 1808-1892 person
associatedWith Bowditch, J. I. person
associatedWith Bowditch, Nathaniel, 1773-1838 person
correspondedWith Boyden, Uriah A. person
correspondedWith Brunnow, F. F. E. person
correspondedWith Brush, George Jarvis person
correspondedWith Carpenter, Philip Pearsall person
correspondedWith Carranza, C. person
associatedWith Centennial Exhibition (Philadelphia, 1876) corporateBody
correspondedWith Challis, Prof. (See Dnb) person
associatedWith Chandler, Seth Carlo, 1846-1913. person
associatedWith Channing, William Ellery, 1780-1842 person
correspondedWith Chapman, John Jay, 1862-1933 person
associatedWith Chase, Salmon Portland person
associatedWith Childs, George W. (George William), 1829-1894 person
associatedWith Clark, Alvan, 1804-1887. person
correspondedWith Coffin, James Henry person
correspondedWith Coffin, John H. C. person
associatedWith Collingwood, Joseph W., 1822-1862. person
correspondedWith Collins, T. K. person
associatedWith Commission On Spirit Meters person
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Cope, E. D. (Edward Drinker), 1840-1897. person
associatedWith Corcoran, William Wilson person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
correspondedWith Dana, James Dwight person
associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
associatedWith Davis, Charles Henry person
correspondedWith Davis, Jefferson person
correspondedWith Derby, George person
associatedWith Dibner, Bern, person
correspondedWith Diebitsch, H. person
associatedWith Douglas, Stephen Arnold person
associatedWith Draper, Henry, 1837-1882. person
associatedWith Dudley, Blandina person
correspondedWith Dudley Observatory Board Of Trustees corporateBody
correspondedWith Dudley Observatory Scientific Council corporateBody
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Ellis, Lucretia Gould (Mrs.) person
associatedWith Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 1803-1882. person
correspondedWith Everett, Edward person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Faraday, Michael person
associatedWith Featherstonhaugh, George William, 1780-1866 person
associatedWith Fessenden, William Pitt person
associatedWith Fitch, John person
correspondedWith Foreman, Edward (Dr.) person
correspondedWith Frazer, John Fries person
associatedWith Frazer, John Fries, 1812-1872. person
correspondedWith Genth, Frederick Augustus person
correspondedWith Gibbes, Lewis Reeves, 1810-1894. person
associatedWith Gibbs, George person
correspondedWith Gibbs, Wolcott person
correspondedWith Gilliss, James Melville person
correspondedWith Gillman, Henry person
correspondedWith Goode, George Brown person
associatedWith Gould, Alice Bache, 1868-1953. person
associatedWith Gould, Augustus A. (Augustus Addison), 1805-1866 person
associatedWith Gould, Hannah Flagg, 1789-1865. person
correspondedWith Gould, Mary A. L. person
correspondedWith Gould, S. C. person
associatedWith Grant, Ulysses S. person
correspondedWith Gray, Asa person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Green, James person
associatedWith Gurowski, Adam (Count) person
correspondedWith Guyot, Arnold person
associatedWith Hale, George S. (George Silsbee), 1825-1897. person
correspondedWith Hall, Asaph, 1800-1842 person
correspondedWith Hall, Asaph, 1829-1907. person
correspondedWith Hall, James person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
correspondedWith Harrisse, Henry person
associatedWith Harvard College Observatory corporateBody
associatedWith Harvey, William Henry person
correspondedWith Hayden, Ferdinand Vandeveer person
correspondedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878 person
associatedWith Henshaw, Samuel, 1852-1941 person
associatedWith Herschel, John, Sir person
associatedWith Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911 person
associatedWith Hilgard corporateBody
correspondedWith Hilgard, Julius Erasmus person
associatedWith Hoadley, Charles J. (Charles Jeremy), 1828-1900. person
correspondedWith Hollingsworth, William person
associatedWith Houghton Library. corporateBody
correspondedWith Howe, M. A. De Wolfe (Mark Antony De Wolfe), 1864-1960 person
associatedWith Howgate, Henry W. person
associatedWith Hughes, George W., (George Wurtz), 1806-1870 person
correspondedWith Keating, E. C. person
correspondedWith Keating, Edward person
correspondedWith Lane, J. H. person
correspondedWith Langdon, William Chauncy, 1831-1895. person
correspondedWith Langley, Samuel Pierpont person
correspondedWith Lawrence, George N. person
correspondedWith Leconte, John person
correspondedWith Leconte, John Lawrence person
associatedWith LeConte, John L. (John Lawrence), 1825-1883. person
correspondedWith Leech, Daniel person
correspondedWith Leffingwell, E. D. person
associatedWith Lenzen, Victor Fritz, 1890- person
correspondedWith Lesley, Joseph person
correspondedWith Lesley, J. Peter person
associatedWith Library Of Congress corporateBody
associatedWith Locke, John person
correspondedWith Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882 person
correspondedWith Loomis, Elias person
associatedWith Loomis, Elias, 1811-1889 person
associatedWith Loring, Charles G. (Charles Greely), 1794-1867 person
associatedWith Loring, Ellis Gray, 1803-1858. person
associatedWith Marcy, William L. person
associatedWith Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. person
associatedWith Maury, Matthew Fontaine, 1806-1873 person
associatedWith May, Samuel J. (Samuel Joseph), 1797-1871. person
associatedWith Mcculloch, Hugh person
associatedWith Militzer, Hermann. person
associatedWith Mitchell, Maria, 1818-1889. person
correspondedWith Mitchell, S. W. person
associatedWith Morse, Samuel F. B. person
correspondedWith Murray, David person
associatedWith Myer, Albert James person
correspondedWith National Academy Of Sciences corporateBody
associatedWith National Academy Of Sciences Council corporateBody
associatedWith National Institute Of Letters, Arts And Sciences corporateBody
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon, 1835-1909. person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen. corporateBody
associatedWith Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen. corporateBody
associatedWith Observatorio Nacional Argentino. corporateBody
correspondedWith Olcott, Thomas W. person
correspondedWith Palfrey family. family
associatedWith Parkman, Francis, 1823-1893. person
associatedWith Peabody Institute corporateBody
associatedWith Peirce, Benjamin, 1809-1880 person
associatedWith Peters, Christian H. F. (Prof.) person
associatedWith Piazzi, Giuseppe person
associatedWith Pickering, John, 1777-1846 person
associatedWith Poggendorff, J. C. C. person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Quetelet, A. person
correspondedWith Quincy, Mr. person
associatedWith Rawson, Dr. person
correspondedWith Rhees, William J. person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Rodgers, John person
associatedWith Rood, O. N. person
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
correspondedWith Rutherfurd, Lewis M. person
correspondedWith Sands, Benjamin Franklin person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Schumacher, H. C. person
associatedWith Sedgwick, Theodore, 1811-1859 person
associatedWith Seward, William Henry person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
correspondedWith Silliman And Dana corporateBody
correspondedWith Silliman, Benjamin, Jr. person
associatedWith Silliman, Benjamin, Jr., 1816-1885 person
associatedWith Silliman, Benjamin, Sr., 1779-1864 person
associatedWith Silliman family. family
associatedWith Silliman family. family
associatedWith Silliman family. family
associatedWith Smith, George Sidney. person
correspondedWith Smithsonian Institution corporateBody
associatedWith Smithson, James person
associatedWith Smith, William Augustus person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Sprague, William person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
correspondedWith Stockwell, J. N. person
correspondedWith Stockwell, John N. person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874 person
correspondedWith Taylor, A. A. E. person
associatedWith Thayer, Nathaniel person
correspondedWith Thayer, William Roscoe, 1859-1923 person
associatedWith Thome, John M. person
associatedWith Thome, John Macon, 1843-1908 person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
correspondedWith Trowbridge, David person
associatedWith Tyndall, John person
associatedWith United States Sanitary Commission person
associatedWith University of Puget Sound. Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Vaughan, Daniel, ca. 1821-1879 person
associatedWith Vaughan, William, 1752-1850 person
correspondedWith Verrill, A. E. person
associatedWith Vienna Exhibition corporateBody
associatedWith Walker, Mr. person
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith Welles, Gideon person
correspondedWith Wendell family. family
associatedWith Whitney, William Dwight person
associatedWith Wilder, John N. person
associatedWith Winlock, Joseph person
associatedWith Winlock, Joseph, 1826-1875. person
correspondedWith Winslow, C. F. person
associatedWith Wright, Chauncey, 1830-1875. person
associatedWith Young, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1834-1908. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
Albany, New York
American Assoc. For The Advancement Of Science (+ Aagn Etc.)
Applications for positions
Applied Science, General
Astronomical observations
Astronomical observatories
Civil war
District of columbia
Dudley Observatory
Economics (Economic Conditions)
Ethnology Archaeology Anthropology
Exchanges Of Publications
Franklin Institute
Henry Family
Henry, Joseph, Personality, Etc
Lectures, Popular
Light House Board
Magnetic Property Of Materials
Magnetism, Force
National Academy of Sciences
National Museum
Natural history
Naval Observatory
Physical geography
President Of United States
Princeton (College Of New Jersey)
Recommendations For Positions
Royal Society
Saturday Club (Informal Washington Club)
Science In America
Science In Europe
Scientific organizations
Scientific publications
Smithsonian Board Of Regents
Smithsonian Building
Smithsonian Endowment
Smithsonian Exchange
Smithsonian Institution
Smithsonian Library
Smithsonian Publications
Surveys And Explorations, General
Treasury Department


Birth 1824-09-27

Death 1896-11-26


Spanish; Castilian,



Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pv6hp3

Ark ID: w6pv6hp3

SNAC ID: 9566985