Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813

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Benjamin Rush (January 4, 1746 [O.S. December 24, 1745] – April 19, 1813) was a Founding Father of the United States who signed the United States Declaration of Independence, and a civic leader in Philadelphia, where he was a physician, politician, social reformer, humanitarian, and educator and the founder of Dickinson College. Rush attended the Continental Congress. His later self-description there was: "He aimed right." He served as Surgeon General of the Continental Army and became a professor of chemistry, medical theory, and clinical practice at the University of Pennsylvania.

Born in the Township of Byberry in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania (now part of Philadelphia), Rush was educated at a school run by Reverend Samuel Finley, which later became West Nottingham Academy. In 1760, after further studies at the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), Rush graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree at age fourteen. From 1761 to 1766, Rush apprenticed under Dr. John Redman in Philadelphia. Redman encouraged him to further his studies at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland, where Rush studied from 1766 to 1768 and earned an M. D. degree. Returning to the Colonies in 1769, Rush opened a medical practice in Philadelphia and became Professor of Chemistry at the College of Philadelphia. After his election to the revived American Philosophical Society in 1768, Rush served as the Society's Curator from 1770 to 1773, as Secretary from 1773 to 1773, and finally Vice President of the Society from 1797 to 1801. Rush ultimately published the first American textbook on chemistry and several volumes on medical student education, and wrote influential patriotic essays.

In June of 1776, Rush was elected to attend the provincial conference to send delegates to the Continental Congress. He was appointed to represent Philadelphia that year and so signed the Declaration of Independence. While Rush was representing Pennsylvania in the Continental Congress (and serving on its Medical Committee), he also used his medical skills in the field. In 1783, he was appointed to the staff of Pennsylvania Hospital, and he remained a member until his death. He was elected to the Pennsylvania convention which adopted the Federal constitution and was appointed treasurer of the United States Mint, serving from 1797 to 1813. He became a professor of medical theory and clinical practice at the University of Pennsylvania in 1791. Rush became a social activist and an abolitionist and was the most well-known physician in America at the time of his death.

After dying of typhus fever, he was buried along with his wife Julia in the Christ Church Burial Ground in Philadelphia, not far from where Benjamin Franklin is buried.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn McKean, Thomas, 1734-1817. Letter to John Adams, 1814 January. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Samuel Rush notebook, 1859, 1859 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Lectures on pathology, therapeutics and the practice of physic : [Philadelphia] / Benjamin Rush, [ca. 1810]. National Library of Medicine
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to Jacob Read, 1785 Jan. 16. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Gerry, Elbridge, 1744-1814. ALS, 1814 April 8, Washington, to Richard Rush. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Autographed letter signed : [n.p.] to Mr. Mulford, [n.p.], 1808 Oct. 14. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library
referencedIn Bamberger, Louis, 1855-1944,. Autograph collection, 1683-1929. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, R-Z and unidentified Houghton Library
creatorOf Adams, John, 1735-1826. Autograph letter signed : Quincy, to Benjamin Rush, 1811 June 21. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Wills, 1790-1822, of signers of the Declaration of Independence, 1790-1822 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Memorandum book, 1805-1813. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Notes on the lectures of Dr. Benjamin Rush, [1810?]. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1745-1813. ALS : Philadelphia, to the Earl of Buchan, 1809 July 4. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Sommer, John. Rush's lectures, 1810 / John Sommer. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Thomas Jefferson letter to Dr. Benjamin Rush : Washington, D.C. : ALS, 1803 Feb. 28. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Carson, Marian S.,. Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts (continuation record), 1656-1995 (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress
referencedIn Biographical Sketch of James E.B. Finley Medical University of South Carolina Libraries
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Whitmell Hill Pugh certificate, 1804. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Eustis, William, 1753-1825. Letters, 1775-1825. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Rosenbach, A. S. W. (Abraham Simon Wolf), 1876-1952,. Signers of the Declaration of Independence autograph collection, 1756-1818. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf FitzSimons, Thomas, 1741-1811. [Letters] Thos. FitzSimons. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Vaughan, Benjamin, 1751-1835. Papers, 1746-1900 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Ganter, Herbert Lawrence, 1904-1980. Research materials, ca. 1680-1948, concerning William Small (1734-1775). Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1745-1813. ALS : Philadelphia, to David Porter, 1809 May 1. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Carson, Marian S.,. Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts, 1656-1995 (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress
referencedIn Butterfield, L. H. (Lyman Henry), 1909-1982. Lyman H. Butterfield papers, 1942-1980. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Female Association of Philadelphia for the Relief of Women and Children in Reduced Circumstances. Records, 1800-1972. Haverford College Library
creatorOf Gwathmey collection, 1708-1852 University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Correspondence, 1786-1815. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Notes on medical lectures. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Wills, 1790-1822, of signers of the Declaration of Independence. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Adams, John, 1735-1826. ALS, 1788 February 28 : London, to Benjamin Rush. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1793-1821, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Adams, John, 1735-1826. Letter to Benjamin Rush [manuscript], 1813 February 3. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Gordon, John H. Notes on pathology and therapeutics : taken from the lectures of Benjamin Rush professor of the Institutes and Practice of Medicine and Clinical practice in the University of Pennsylvania : manuscript, 1812 / by John H. Gordon. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Letter, 1794-1809. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary. Correspondence, 1863-1879 Smithsonian Institution Archives
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to Thomas Jefferson, then U.S. Minister in Paris, 1785 June 16. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Archer, John, 1777-1830. [Notes from Rush's lectures on institutes and practice of medicine, 1796-1797 / taken by John Archer]. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Dorothy Merriman Schall papers, 1686-1897 Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections
creatorOf Travels through life:or an account of sundry incidents and events in the life of Benjamin Rush...written for the use of his children, [1800], Circa 1800 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Rush, Samuel,. Notebook, 1859. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Strauss, Herbert R., 1899-1974,. Herbert R. Strauss collection of autograph letters, 1775-1840. Newberry Library
referencedIn Williams, Julia Rush, 1792-1860. Commonplace book, 1809-1846. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Smith, Jonathan Bayard, 1742-1812. The Henley Smith Collection, 1686-1903. Library of Congress
referencedIn Biddle family. Papers, 1688-1883. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Medical lectures : [Philadelphia] / Benjamin Rush, [ca. 1805]. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Biddle, Alexander,. Papers, 1768-1899. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Wilkinson, Carey, fl. 1799-1802. Papers, 1799-1802. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Moore, Stephen, 1733-1799. Papers, 1761-1894. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Abbe, Robert, 1851-1928,. Memoranda of Dr. Benjamin Rush : scrapbook, 1781-1927. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Shippen, William, 1736?-1808. William Shippen papers, 1752-1780. Library of Congress
referencedIn John Haywood Papers, ., 1790-1903 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Cutts, Mary Estelle Elizabeth. Papers, ca.1855. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives, 1743-1984 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Lehman, George F., 1793-1859. [Notes from Rush's lectures on institutes and practice of medicine], 1810-1811 / Geo. F. Lehman. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Lambert Cadwalader Papers, 1779-1798 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Benjamin Rush letter : Philadelphia, to John Woodside, Washington, 1808 Jan. 26. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
creatorOf American Philosophical Society Library. Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection. 1668-1983. American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Casey, Martha De Bow. Collection, 1791-1933. Tennessee State Library & Archives, TSLA
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. A course of lectures by Benjamin Rush in Philadelphia on the theory and practice of medicine, 1790-1791. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Franks Family Papers, 1711-1821, [1965-1968] American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Portrait collection, ca. 1600-1850 Cornell University Library
referencedIn Briscoe, John Hanson, 1789-1855. Lectures on medicine : manuscript, [ca. 1815-1825]. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Minto, Walter, 1753-1796. Papers, 1738-1796. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Drysdale, Thomas, 1770-1798. Account of the yellow fever of 1794 as it appeared in Baltimore ... in a series of letters to Dr. Benjamin Rush / Thomas Drysdale, 1794. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876 (bulk:1700-1800) New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Institutes and practice of medicine : [Philadelphia] / Benjamin Rush, 1812. National Library of Medicine
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. ALS, 1797 September 8 : Philadelphia, to Elisha Boudinot. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Smith, William, 1727-1803. Papers, 1690-1871 (bulk 1748-1804). University of Pennsylvania, Archives & Records Center
creatorOf Gross, Samuel D. (Samuel David), 1805-1884. [Admittance cards] [realia] 1811-1880 Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. On the influence of physical causes on the moral faculty : manuscript, 1786. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to Ashbel Green, 1812 Dec. 31. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Rush family papers, 1748-1876 Library company of Philadelphia
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1745-1813. Letter, 1784, June 25 : to John Bayard. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Letters of scientists, 1655-1973. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Horner, William E. (William Edmonds), 1793-1853. Lectures on physiology by Benjamin Rush, 1813. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Lectures delivered by Dr. Rush. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn David Daggett papers, 1781-1851 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Letters, 1783 May 29 and 1794 Feb. 20, Philadelphia, to Jeremy Belknap, Boston. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Wayne, Anthony, 1745-1796. Anthony Wayne papers, 1779-1796. Library of Congress
referencedIn Coxe family. Papers, 1638-1897 (inclusive), 1776-1879 (bulk). Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Letters and documents of signers of the Declaration of Independence, 1750-1933. Houghton Library
referencedIn Burr family. Burr family papers, 1750-1890? (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Berol, Alfred C.,. American Revolutionary letters and documents, 1650-1830, [microform]. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Witherspoon, John, 1723-1853. John Witherspoon collection, 1765-1853 (bulk 1767-1798). Princeton University Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. ALS, 1793 June 3 : Philadelphia, to Dr. Valentine Seaman. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Notes from a course of lectures by Benjamin Rush on the practice of physic : [Philadelphia] / by Samuel Poultney, 1786. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Biddle-Williams family. Papers, 1773-1862. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Vol. CXXXV (ff. 233). May 1872-1875.includes:ff. 1-1 1b, 40-43 b Benjamin Rush, American lawyer: Correspondence with Lord Ripon: 1871-1872.ff. 12-15b, 20, 44, 63 Sir Edward Thornton, KCB; GCB 1883; diplomatist: Correspondence with Lord Ripon: 187... British Library
referencedIn Historical Sketch of the Continental Bills of Credit, from 1775 to 1781, with Specimens thereof, 1840, 1862 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Account of a journey to Paris, Feb.-Mar., 1769 : autograph manuscript. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Rush family. Papers, 1748-1878. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Princeton University Library, Dept. Of Rare Books & Mss., Ms. Rush Family Papers.
referencedIn Darlington, William, 1782-1863. Notes taken from Doctor Rush's lectures upon the institutes and practice of medicine, and on clinical cases, 1802-1804 / by William Darlington. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn James, Thomas C. (Thomas Chalkley), 1766-1835. Notes from a course of lectures on the practice of physic by Benjamin Rush, M.D., Professor of Chemistry in the University of Pennsylvania, 1786 / Thomas C. James. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Ford, Paul Leicester, 1865-1902. Papers : of Paul Leicester Ford, 1888-1905. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Apprentices to Dr. Rush, 1770-1812? College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Shields, Thomas. Daybook, 1775-1791. Winterthur Library
creatorOf Sproat, Amasa D. Notebook / Amasa D. Sproat. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Archer, Benjamin, 1775-1845. Notes on Dr. Rush's lectures, 1804-1805 / by Benjamin Archer. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Meredith, Samuel, 1741-1817. Papers, 1775-1808. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Autograph letter signed (polygraph copy) : Poplar Forest [Va.], to Dr. Benjamin Rush, 1811 Dec. 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn James Hutchinson papers, 1771-1928, 1771-1928 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Greenway, Edward M. Edward M. Greenway collection 1737-1876. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Milledoler, Philip, 1775-1852. Papers, 1785-1857. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Coxe, John Redman, 1773-1864. Papers, 1747-1800. Winterthur Library
referencedIn Sturgis, Samuel B. Collection : of historical prints, art originals, 1796-1898. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Walter Minto papers, 1738-1796, 1738-1796 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Letter from Benjamin Rush to Dr. Richard Cochran [manuscript], 181- August 9. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Vaughan, Benjamin, 1751-1835. Papers, 1746-1900. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1745-1813. Commonplace book, 1792-1813. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn FitzSimons, Thomas, 1741-1811. Letter : New York, to Benjamin Rush, 1789 Jun 20. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Stevenson, Andrew, 1784-1857. Andrew Stevenson and J.W. Stevenson papers, 1756-1882 (bulk 1833-1876). Library of Congress
creatorOf [Benjamin Rush, biographical materials] University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
referencedIn Pennsylvania Prison Society. Records, 1787-1966. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Banister, Anne Blair, 1746-1813. Blair, Banister, Braxton, Horner and Whiting Papers, 1765-1890. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library
referencedIn Calvin Jones Papers (#921), 1783-1929, 2000 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Collection : of lecture notes, 1783-1810. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Cadwalader, Lambert, 1743-1823. Letters, 1779-1798. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Noah Webster papers, 1764-1843 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Papers, 1775-1825. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Du Simitière, Pierre Eugène, ca. 1736-1784. Papers of Pierre Eugène Du Simitière, 1774-1784. Library of Congress
referencedIn Westmore, William Baird. Notebook, 1811-1812. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Shattuck, George Cheyne, 1784-1854. Extracts from the Lectures upon Institutes and Practise of Physick given by Benjamin Rush, M.D., 1807. Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
referencedIn Wellcome Historical Medical Society selected letters, 1731-1871, relating to American medicine, 1731-1871 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Burr, Aaron, 1756-1836. Aaron Burr letter, 1793, Dec. 24, Philadelphia, to Mrs. Burr. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Griffiths, Elijah, 1769-1847. Notes from Dr. Rushes [sic] lectures, 1797-1798 / Elijah Griffiths. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn United States. Continental Congress. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1776-1778. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Adams, Abigail, 1744-1818. ALS, 1800 October 18 : Quincy, to Dr. Benjamin Rush, Philadelphia. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Benjamin Franklin Papers Part 8 -- Letters to Franklin, 1783 December-1786 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Benjamin Rush collection [manuscript], 1803, 1810. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Irving, Carter Harrison. Notes on medical lectures at the University of Virginia [manuscript] 1839-1840. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Beecher, Henry Ward, 1813-1887,. Autographs collection, 1682-1972. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Preston, Margaret Junkin, 1820-1897. Margaret Junkin Preston papers, 1812-1892, 1938, 1997. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letters to Benjamin Rush and George Thompson: [manuscript], 1811-1825. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Randolph, David Meade, 1760-1830. Letter, 1815 October 17, Richmond, Virginia to Thomas Jefferson, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Lectures upon the mind, [n.d.], n.d. American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Cole, Samuel. Notebook, "Lectures on chemistry delivered in the University of Pennsylvania by Benjamin Rush" 1774-1775. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn James McHenry Papers, 1775-1862, (bulk 1775-1816) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Lee, Richard Henry, 1732-1794. Correspondence, 1763-1823. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Jones, Calvin, 1775-1846. Calvin Jones papers, 1783-1929, 2000. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Adams, John, 1735-1826. ALS, 1812 December 29 and 30 : Quincy, to Dr. Benjamin Rush, Philadelphia. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Benton, Thomas Hart, 1782-1858. Papers of the Gooch family [manuscript] 1800-91. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Washburne, E. B. (Elihu Benjamin), 1816-1887. Autograph collection, 1766-1888. Houghton Library
creatorOf Adams, John, 1735-1826. Autograph letter signed : Quincy, to Benjamin Rush, 1806 Nov. 11. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Madison, James, 1751-1836. James Madison papers, 1723-1859 (bulk 1771-1836). Library of Congress
referencedIn Richard Price Papers, 1767-1790 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Thomas Jefferson papers, 1775-1825, 1775-1825 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Allen, Nathaniel, fl. 1811. Miscellaneous Webb and Prentis family papers [manuscript], 1784-1838. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1745-1813. Lectures upon the mind, [n.d.]. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Vol. LIX ( ff. 345 ). 18 Jan. 1864-23 Apr. 1875.includes:f. 1 Mrs F. Cecilia Tubbs, translator: Agreement with R. Bentley: 1864.: Signed.ff. 1-243 passim Richard Bentley, publisher (I): Agreements with authors and others: 1829-1871.: Mostly sign... British Library
referencedIn Stone family papers, 1730-1863 (bulk 1770-1800). Library of Congress
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Letter, 1806 August 19. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Memorable facts -- events opinions -- thots [sic] etc., 1789-1791, 1789-1791 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Price, Richard, 1723-1791. Papers, 1767-1790. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Extract from Dr. Rush's lectures, [after 1791]. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn College of Physicians of Philadelphia. Office of the Secretary. Manuscript archives of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia, 1787-1847. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Notes on the lectures of materia medica, 1811 [i.e. 1812] : University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia / taken by William Baird Westmore. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
creatorOf Adams, John, 1735-1826. Letters, 1779-1807. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1745-1813. Letter, 1806 June 19. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Madison, James, 1751-1836. [Letter and document] / James Madison. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn McHenry, James, 1753-1816. James McHenry papers, 1775-1862 (bulk 1775-1816). Library of Congress
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin. On the Influence of Physical Causes on the Moral Faculty, 1786, Crerar Ms 28 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. ALS, 1812 August 11 : Philadelphia, to unidentified recipient. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter, 1766, Dec. 20 : London, to John Swinton, Edinburgh. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Shippen, William, 1736?-1808. Dr. William Shippen letter, 1780. University of Georgia Main Library
creatorOf Witherspoon, John, 1723-1794. John Witherspoon papers, 1766-[ca. 1841]. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Byberry Library local history collection, 1682-2002 Byberry Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Medical lectures : [Philadelphia] / Benjamin Rush, [ca. 1790]. National Library of Medicine
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Benjamin Rush letters, 1793; 1803; 1810. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Benjamin Franklin Papers Part 14 -- Materials held at the University of Pennsylvania, 1705-1788 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1745-1813. Correspondence, 1759-1813. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Levy, Richard John,. Richard John Levy and Sally Waldman Sweet collection, 1766-1935. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Willard, Henry A. (Henry Augustus), 1902-. Henry A. Willard II collection, 1743-1888 (bulk 1770-1840). Library of Congress
referencedIn Franklin-Bache Papers, 1707-1799 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Dreer, Ferdinand J. (Ferdinand Julius), 1812-1902. Autograph collection. 1492-1925 Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Adams, John, 1735-1826. John Adams manuscript collection. Boston Public Library, Central Library in Copley Square
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. ALS, 1804 May 23 : Philadelphia, to Dr. John Dorsey, London. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Margaret Junkin Preston Papers (#1543), 1812-1892, 1938, 1997 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Thomas Jefferson Papers, 1606-1943, (bulk 1775-1826) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Biddle family. Papers, 1775-1919. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Colonial and early American papers, 1739-1891. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Letter : $b Philadelphia, to Dr. John Stevenson, Snowhill, Worcester County, Md., $f 1802 June 14. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Coates, Margaret, d. 1772. Receipt book, 1770-1773. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813,. Autograph letter (fragment) signed from Benjamin Rush to Dr. Thomas Percival? [mansucript], 18th or 19th century. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Burr family papers, 1750-1890 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Bingham, William, 1752-1804. William Bingham papers, 1776-1801. Library of Congress
referencedIn Stalker, Hugh Lyle, 1893-. Papers of Hugh Lyle Stalker, 1812-1977 (inclusive), 1910-1977 (bulk). Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
referencedIn A.(Anthony) Fothergill letterbook, 1789-1813 (bulk), 1789-1813 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. ALS, 1800 January 8 : Philadelphia, to Dr. Nathaniel Potter, Baltimore. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1745-1813. Travels through life: or an account of sundry incidents and events in the life of Benjamin Rush...written for the use of his children, [1800]. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Benjamin Franklin Papers Part 3 -- Letters to Franklin, 1778 April-December American Philosophical Society
referencedIn George Washington papers, 1592-1943 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Witherspoon, John, 1723-1794. Papers, 1766-1784. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn James Madison Papers, 1723-1859, (bulk 1771-1836) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Lectures in Philadelphia on the institutes and practice of medicine / Benjamin Rush, 1799. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn U.S. History mss., 1612-1977 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
creatorOf Rush, Richard, 1780-1859. Letters from Richard Rush to Benjamin Rush, 1812-1813 [microform]. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Benjamin Rush, notes commencing with the practice of physic : [Philadelphia] / taken by Stephen Davis, 1809-1811. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Abigail Adams Smith Museum. Letters, 1755-1862, 1790-1830 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Benjamin Rush letters to Landon Carter [manuscript] 1804 Jan. 3 & 26. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Wellcome Historical Medical Society. Selected letters, 1731-1871, relating to American medicine. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1745-1813. Memorable facts -- events opinions -- thots [sic] &c., 1789-1791. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Essence of Dr. Rush's lectures., 1815-1816, taken by ... Elias Boudinot Stockton. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn FitzSimons, Thomas, 1741-1811. Letter : New York, to Benjamin Rush, 1789 Jun 20. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Notes on the lectures of Benjamin Rush and Philip Syng Physick : [Philadelphia] / taken by John Todd, 1808-1809. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Mitchell, John, 1711-1768. Dr. Mitchel's Letter on the yellow fever., 1748. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Adams, John, 1735-1826. ALS, 1812 May 13, Quincy, to Dr. [Benjamin] Rush. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Autograph letter signed : [Philadelphia], [probably to Mathew Carey], 1793 Oct. 29. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1745-1813. LS : Philadelphia, to Jonathan Burrall, 1806 Oct. 29. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Letters to Charles Eliot Norton and other papers, 1702-1952 Houghton Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1745-1813. ALS : Philadelphia, to Rebecca Young, 1789 Mar. 28. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Washington, George, 1732-1799. George Washington papers, 1592-1937 (bulk 1748-1799). Library of Congress
creatorOf Adams, John, 1735-1826. Letter, 1812 November 7, Quincy, Mass., to Benjamin Rush. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Declaration of Independence, 1776, 19uu. Clarke Historical Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. ALS, 1798 January 14 : Philadelphia, to Governor [John] Jay. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Notes on physiology taken from lectures delivered in the University of Pennsylvania by Benjamin Rush., 1809-1811, notes enlarged by M[icajah] Clark. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Maclay, William, 1737-1804. William Maclay journals and note, 1789-1791. Library of Congress
referencedIn Vol. CCCXXVII (ff. 334). Jan.-May 1867.includes:f. I Monsignor Francesco Nardi, Auditor of the Rota, Rome: Letters to W. E. Gladstone: 1866-[1874].: Engl. and Ital.ff. 3, 7, 11 Baron Bettino Ricasoli,; Italian statesman: Correspondence with W. E... British Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Lecture notes : manuscript, [ca. 1775]-[ca. 1825]. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Benjamin Rush memorandum book, 1805-1813, 1805-1813 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Berol, Alfred C.,. Alfred C. Berol papers, 1650-1830. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Hamilton, James, 1752-1819. James Hamilton collection, 1733-1899. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Hogg, Samuel, 1783-1842. Papers, undated. Tennessee State Library & Archives, TSLA
referencedIn Joseph Clay and Clay family papers, 1803-1880 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Adams, John, 1735-1826. [Letters and documents] / John Adams. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Vaughan, John, 1755-1841. Papers, 1768 - ca. 1936 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Champneys, Ben (Benjamin), 1774-1814. Lecture notes, ca. 1794-1810. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Vol. CXXX1V (ff. 188). June 1871-April 1872.includes:ff. 1, 22, 57, 70, 85-88b, 91 Sir John Alexander Macdonald, GCB; Prime Minister of Canada: Correspondence with Lord Ripon: 1871.ff. 7-168b passim Mountague Bernard, international lawyer: Corres... British Library
referencedIn Hutchinson, James, 1752-1793. Papers, 1771-1928. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Peter Adolph Grotjahn Memoir, 1844-1846 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Minto-Skelton papers 1757-1956 1770-1900 Minto-Skelton papers William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Hawke, David F. David F. Hawke and Michael O. Shannon manuscripts [ca. 1970-1981] Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn William Maclay Journals and Note, 1789-1791 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. On the influence of physical causes on the moral faculty : manuscript, 1786. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Breck, Samuel, 1771-1862. Recollections of my acquaintance with deceased members of the American Philosophical Society, 1862. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Letter, 1798 August 13 to Drs. Physick & Cooper. Houston Academy of Medicine, Texas Medical Center, Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Petition : [Philadelphia, Pa.], to his excellency the president, and the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania, [1785]. Bryn Mawr College, Mariam Coffin Canaday Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. [Collection of letters between Rush and George Washington, 1777-1803, compiled by Nathan G. Goodman. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Mease, James, 1771-1846. Letter, 1796, Sept. 6 : to Benjamin Rush, Philadelphia. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Spalding, Lyman, 1775-1821. Papers, 1799-1820. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Richard John Levy and Sally Waldman Sweet collection, 1766-1935 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Dickinson, John, 1732-1808. Letter from John Dickinson, Wilmington, Delaware, to Dr. Benjamin Rush : autograph manuscript signed, 1788 August 4. Wisconsin Historical Society Archives
creatorOf Adams, John, 1735-1826. Autograph letter signed : Quincy, to Benjamin Rush, 1807 May 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945,. Historical manuscripts, 1636-1935. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Anderson family. Papers, 1797-1913. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Thomas Jefferson papers, 1606-1943 (bulk 1775-1826). Library of Congress
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Letters to Anthony and Isaac Wayne, 1778-1807. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts, 1582-1843 Houghton Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Notes from Doctor Rush's lectures delivered in the University of Pennsylvania, commenced 27 Nov. 1797., 1797-98. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Richard John Levy and Sally Waldman Sweet collection, 1766-1935 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn George Washington papers, 1592-1943 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter, 1768 March 22, London, to Benjamin Rush, Edinburgh. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Daggett, David, 1764-1851. David Daggett papers, 1781-1851 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Papers, 1767, 1783. Presbyterian Historical Society, PHS
creatorOf Cutbush, Edward, 1772-1843. Papers, 1794-1811. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Wallace, John William, 1815-1884,. Collection, 1725-1854. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, [1803 April 21], [Washington, D.C.], to [Benjamin Rush], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Benjamin Rush correspondence, 1759-1813, 1759-1813 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Richard Henry Lee Papers, 1763-1823 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Papers, 1766-1845. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Sullivan, John, 1740-1795. Papers of John Sullivan, 1775-1781. Library of Congress
referencedIn Benjamin Franklin Papers Part 1 -- Letters to Franklin, 1730-1776 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Recollections of my acquaintance with deceased members of the American Philosophical Society, 1862, 1862 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Benjamin Franklin Papers Part 9 -- Letters to Franklin, 1787-1790 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts, 1656-1995, (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Benjamin Rush commonplace book, 1792-1813, 1792-1813 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Adams, John, 1735-1826. Letters to Benjamin Rush and Mercy Otis Warren, 1813-1814. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Adams, John, 1735-1826. ALS, 1809 June 7 : Quincy, to Dr. [Benjamin] Rush. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Pennsylvania. Land Office. Land patent : to Benjamin Rush for Guildhall property, Luzerne Co., Pa., 1809 June 30. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Letter, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin. Lectures, circa 1775-1825 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
creatorOf Briscoe, John Hanson, 1789-1855. Papers, 1808-1841 (bulk 1808-1814). University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn War of 1812 mss., 1776-1879 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Adams, Abigail, 1744-1818. Abigail Adams letters, 1797-1798, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Mrs. Esther Black, Quincy, Massachusetts. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Fothergill, A. (Anthony), 1732?-1813. Letterbook, 1789-1813 (bulk). American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Carter-Blackford papers, 1736-1908 University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Cobbett, William, 1763-1835. Papers, 1792-1835. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Lectures on medicine by Benjamin Rush, [1800?]. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Earl, Samuel Franklin. Notes on the lectures of Benjamin Rush, M.D., professor of ye institutes and practices of medicine in the University of Pennsylvania / by Samuel F. Earl, Philadelphia, 1810. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIa, 1743-1806 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Benjamin Rush letter, 1812 Dec. 2. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Andrew Stevenson and J. W. Stevenson Papers, 1756-1882, (bulk 1833-1876) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Lectures, [1780?]. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Crawford, John, 1746-1813. Dr. John Crawford's letters to Benjamin Rush, 1787-1811 [microform]. Maryland Historical Society Library
referencedIn Cutts, Mary Estelle Elizabeth. Papers, ca.1855. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Colonial and Early American Papers, 1739-1910 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Bartlett, Josiah, 1729-1795. Papers, 1774-1794. New Hampshire Newsp Project
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Lectures of the theory and practice of physick, 1790-1791/ by Benjamin Rush. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. A Course of Lectures on the Institutes of Practice of Medicine. Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
referencedIn Emerson, G. (Gouverneur), 1796-1874. Papers, 1847, Oct. 7 and Nov. 8, Philadelphia, to Mrs. Allen, Providence. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
creatorOf Coxe, John Redman, 1773-1864. [Collection of letters, etc., on yellow fever, 1794-1795, transcribed by John Redman Coxe]. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1745-1813. ALS, 1793 June 22, Philadelphia, Pa., to Maj. James C. Mountflorence. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Lutz, Alma, 1890-1973. Collection of documents by and about abolitionists and women's rights activists, 1775-1943 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Martin, William, 1765-1796. Medical notes, 1785-1786. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Letter : [Philadelphia?], to Peter Baynton, [Philadelphia?], 1791 Feb. 4. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Boudinot, Elias, 1740-1821. ALS (draft), 1797 Aug. 27-Sept. 5, Philadelphia, to Samuel Bayard. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Yandell family. Yandell family papers, 1823-1877. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Shippen, Joseph Galloway, 1783-1857. Notes from lectures by Benjamin Rush, 1809-1810. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Adams, John, 1735-1826. ALS, 1808, July 25, Quincy, to Benjamin Rush. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to Noah Webster, 1800 Dec. 9. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Apprentices to Dr. Rush, 1770-1812? College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Sharp, Granville, 1735-1813. Copies of letters received, 1763-73. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Rush, Alexander, 1910-1983. Papers, 1812-1984 (span), 1931-1984 (bulk). College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to [Nathanael Greene], 1781 Oct. 30. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Mitchell, Thomas Duché, 1791-1865. Notes on the lectures of Dr. Benj. Rush, professor of the institutes and practice of medicine in the University of Pennsylvania, 1809-1811 / taken by Thos. D. Mitchell. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Drinker, Henry, 1734-1809. Papers, 1747-1867. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. ALS, 1803 September 1 : Philadelphia, to his wife, Julia. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume VI, miscellany, 1774-1807. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Minor, James, 1785-1828. Papers of James Minor, 1801-1817. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Henry A. Willard II Collection, 1743-1888, (bulk 1770-1840) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Latané, John Holladay, 1869-1932. Letter, 1914, Feb. 12 : Baltimore, to Dr. Jacobs. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
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