Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873

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American sculptor.

From the description of Horatio Nelson Powers letter to the Rev. W. Ware [manuscript], no year August 12. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647997942

From the description of Autograph letters signed (2) : Florence, to Bayard Taylor, 1845 Oct. 9 and 1846 Feb. 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270618884

Sculptor; United States and Italy.

From the description of Hiram Powers letters, 1852 Apr. 4-Dec. 30. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122370539

Hiram Powers (1805-1873) was an American sculptor.

From the description of Hiram Powers letter and photograph, circa 1850. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 613316811

Hiram Powers was an American-born neoclassic sculptor. He began modelling wax figures for Dorfeuille's Western Museum in Cincinnati, later moving to Washington and completing plaster busts of prominent figures there. Powers moved to Florence, where he would spend the rest of his life, and began producing marble busts of notable American and European visitors. His best works were likely full-length marble sculptures, including The Greek Slave, an internationally acclaimed and much-copied work which is probably the most famous American sculpture of the century.

From the description of Hiram Powers letter to Professor Bezzuoli, 1849 Apr. 28. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 56559049

Sculptor; Washington, D.C. & Florence, Italy.

Powers' international success due to his work "Greek Slave," established him as the leading American sculptor of his day.

From the description of Hiram Powers and Powers family papers, 1819-1953, bulk 1835-1883. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 301785448

Sculptor; Washington, D.C. & Florence, Italy.

Powers' international success due to his work "Greek Slave," established him as the leading American sculptor of his day.

From the description of Hiram Powers and Powers family papers, 1827-1953. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82099033

Sculptor Hiram Powers was born near Woodstock, VT in 1805, but spent most of his youth in Ohio. At age 17, Powers began work in a clock and organ factory in Cincinnati, OH. Around 1828, he took a position in Dorfeuille's Western Museum in Cincinnati where he made his first sculpted figures out of wax. His work attracted the attention of Nicholas Longworth, a wealthy patron who financed Powers' move to Washington, DC in 1834. There, Powers sculpted noted government officials including Daniel Webster and Andrew Jackson. Longworth's patronage enabled Powers and his family to move to Europe in 1837 where, after a few months stay in Paris, they relocated to Florence, Italy. Powers remained in Florence until his death in 1873.

Powers' first full length statue in marble was the nude "Eve" of 1838. His best known work, "The Greek Slave," came in 1843 and was so well received by both American and European audiences that almost overnight it established Powers as the leading American sculptor of the time.

From the description of Papers, [ca. 1855-1869]. (Winterthur Library). WorldCat record id: 122516633

Hiram Powers (1805-1873) was a sculptor from Washington, D.C. and Florence, Italy.

Powers' international success due to his work "Greek Slave," established him as the leading American sculptor of his day.

From the description of Hiram Powers papers, 1819-1953, bulk 1835-1883. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 613313587

American sculptor Hiram Powers (1805-1873) was born in Woodstock, Vermont, and lived and worked briefly in Washington, D.C. and Boston, before settling permanently in Florence, Italy. Powers is known for portrait busts of prominent American politicians and his idealized neo-classical sculptures, most notably the Greek Slave .

The second youngest of nine children, Powers moved with his family to Cincinnati, Ohio in 1817. When he was 18 he began working in a factory that repaired watches and organs, and he later worked in the mechanical department of Dorfeuille's Western Museum. There, he developed his interest in sculpture and received a commission to create wax figures for a tableau of Dante's Inferno . In 1825 he studied with the Prussian sculptor Frederick Eckstein, who taught him how to model clay and make plaster casts. His early commissions for portrait busts caught the attention of Nicholas Longworth, who became his first patron and funded his travel to Washington, DC, in 1834. While in Washington, Powers completed portrait busts of several prominent politicians, including President Andrew Jackson. He also briefly worked on several commissions in Boston. In 1837, thanks to the patronage of Colonel John S. Preston, he and his family moved to Florence, Italy. He intended to live there for only a few years, but remained there for the rest of his life.

Powers set up a studio in Florence with several assistants, and continued to work on portrait bust commissions. He and his family were active members of the intellectual community of American and English émigrés, such as Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Horatio Greenough, the Trollope family, and many others. His studio was also a frequent stop on tourists' visits to Florence. In 1839 Powers began working on idealized sculptures in the Neo-classical style, based on history, mythology, and religion. Perhaps most famous of these are Greek Slave and Fisher Boy . Completed in 1845, Greek Slave was exhibited in London and toured the United States. The sculpture received wide attention from the press for its depiction of female nudity and its philosophical significance, and established Powers' international success as a sculptor.

During his career Powers received private and government commissions for portrait busts and ideal sculptures, and sold many replicas of his work. He also invented improved tools for use in his studio, which were patented in the United States, and he developed a special finishing process for marble from the Carrara quarry. He maintained friendships with many Americans through extensive correspondence, and openly expressed his views on the Civil War and the abolition of slavery. Powers' son Longworth had a photography and sculpture studio nearby, and his son Preston, also a sculptor, took over many of Hiram Powers' remaining projects at the time of his death in 1873.

From the guide to the Hiram Powers papers, 1819-1953, bulk 1835-1883, (Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Cranch, Christopher Pearse, 1813-1892. Autograph letter signed : Rome, to Hiram Powers, 1847 Jan. 31. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. Autograph letter signed : Florence, to Hon. Francis Granger, 1842 Feb. 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. Papers, [ca. 1855-1869]. Winterthur Library
creatorOf Bross, William, 1813-1890. William Bross papers, 1813-1956. Chicago History Museum
referencedIn Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Nathaniel Hawthorne collection, 1800-1919. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Burritt, Elihu, 1810-1879,. Autograph collection of Davis R. Marshall [manuscript], 1801-1868. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. Hiram Powers letter to Tuckerman, 1858. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Read, Thomas Buchanan, 1822-1872. Letters, 1849-1869. Winterthur Library
creatorOf Burritt, Elihu, 1810-1879,. Autograph collection of Davis R. Marshall, 1801-1868. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Howells family papers, 1850-1954 (inclusive). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. Hiram Powers papers, 1819-1953, bulk 1835-1883. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Eliot, Samuel, 1821-1898. Autograph letters signed (2) : Paris and Frankfurt, to William W. Greenough in Boston, 1842 Jun. 13 and 1845 Jun. 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. John Parker, Jr. [photograph], [ca. 1850-1860]. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Healy, George Peter Alexander, 1813-1894. Autograph letter signed : Paris, to Hiram Powers, 1855 Oct. 22. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Samuel Gray Ward and Anna Hazard Barker Ward papers, 1823-1934 (inclusive) 1837-1900 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Kellogg, Miner K. (Miner Kilbourne), 1814-1889. Miner Kilbourne Kellogg papers, 1842-1882. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Read, Thomas Buchanan, 1822-1872. Autograph letters signed (3) : Rome, to Hiram Powers, 1871 Apr. 11 and 15, and 1872 Feb. 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Dentler, Clara Louise. White Marble: the life and letters of Hiram Powers, sculptor\ by Clara Louise Dentler. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Portrait file: Guide. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902. Autograph letter signed : New York, to Hiram Powers, 1870 Apr. 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Duveen, Albert,. Albert Duveen collection of artists' letters and ephemera, 1808-1910. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Wright, Nathalia. Nathalia Wright collection of Greenough family correspondence, 1830-1873. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Claghorn, James Lawrence, 1817-1884. James Lawrence Claghorn papers, 1849-1882. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Visser, Dorothy, 1914?-1988. Dorothy Visser papers, 1963-1983. Cincinnati History Library, Cincinnati Museum Center
referencedIn Webster Memorial Committee. Records, 1852-1860. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Hiram Powers [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Anthony, Alfred Williams, 1860-1939. Alfred Williams Anthony papers, [ca. 1880-1930]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Page, William, 1811-1885. William Page and Page family papers, 1828-1942. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. Letter : to James L. Redpath, 1865 Oct. 21. Getty Research Institute
creatorOf March, George Perkins, 1801-1882. Autograph letter signed : Burlington, to Hiram Powers, 1847 June 12. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. Ru 33: Office Of The Secretary, Outgoing Corres..
referencedIn Brooks, Sidney. Sidney Brooks letterbook 1863-1867. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. Hiram Powers and Powers family papers, 1827-1953. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Elwell, Frank Edwin, 1858-1922. Letters to F.E. Elwell regarding Hiram Powers, 1902. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Autograph File, P, 1554-2005. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. Horatio Nelson Powers letter to the Rev. W. Ware [manuscript], no year August 12. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hosea, William G.,. Letters : from various correspondents, 1857-1870. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Cranch, Christopher Pearse, 1813-1892. Autograph letter signed : New York, to Hiram Powers, 1850 Nov. 13. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Cranch, Christopher Pearse, 1813-1892. Autograph letter signed : Rome, to Hiram Powers, 1847 Apr. 16. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Nathaniel Hawthorne collection, 1800-1919 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn American Press Association. American Press Association correspondence, 1890-1899. Library of Congress
creatorOf Robb, James, 1814-1881. James Robb papers, 1846-1871. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Cole, R.H. Letterbook, 1871. Winterthur Library
creatorOf Markham, Edwin, 1852-1940. Letters from Edwin Markham to Hiram Powers [manuscript], 1924-1928. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Marsh, George P. (George Perkins), 1801-1882. Papers, 1812-1929. University of Vermont, Bailey/Howe Library
creatorOf Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. Autograph letters signed (2) : Florence, to Bayard Taylor, 1845 Oct. 9 and 1846 Feb. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to Elizabeth C. (Mrs. William B.) Kinney, "Tuesday" [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. Hiram Powers letter and photograph, circa 1850. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Hiram Powers papers, 1819-1953, bulk 1835-1883 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Hart, Charles Henry, 1847-1918,. Miscellaneous artists' letters, receipts and exhibition announcements, 1731-1901. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Ward, William E., b. 1821. Notes of European travel, 1867 / taken by William E. Ward. Winterthur Library
creatorOf Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. Letter, 1851. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Barry Faulkner papers, circa 1858-1973 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn New Harmony (Ind.). Collection, 1814-1884. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Sidney Brooks letterbook, Brooks, Sidney, 1863-1867 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Rutledge, Anna Wells. Anna Wells Rutledge papers, 1940-1961. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts, 1582-1843. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. Hiram Powers letter to Professor Bezzuoli, 1849 Apr. 28. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Kellogg, Miner K. (Miner Kilbourne), 1814-1889. Papers, 1841-1962 (bulk 1841-1863) Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Aiken, Joseph Daniel, 1817-1884. Joseph Daniel Aiken travel journals, 1849. South Carolina Historical Society, SCHS
referencedIn Stevenson, Mary Pasco Conrad. John C. Calhoun portraits collection, 1959-1982. Clemson University Libraries, Robert Muldrow Cooper Library
referencedIn Papers relating to Hiram Powers, 1851-1854. Getty Research Institute
referencedIn James Russell Lowell papers, 1835-1919. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Seiberling, Dorothy, 1922-. Dorothy Seiberling papers, 1885-1955. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Harris, Caleb Fiske, 1818-1881. Papers, 1867-1881. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Dentler, Clara Louise, b. 1887. White Marble: The Life and Letters of Hiram Powers, Sculptor, 196-?. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Faulkner, Barry, 1881-1966. Barry Faulkner papers, circa 1858-1973. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Read family. Read family papers, 1848-1935. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Preston, John Smith, 1809-1881. Preston family letters, 1836-1927. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Gilland, Nell Flinn. Hiram Powers vertical file, 1939 Mar. 1 - 1941 Apr. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. Letter to Rev. T. Prentiss Allen. Rome. 1855 Oct. 1. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. Correspondence with Robert Montgomery Bird, 1835. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Browning, Elizabeth Barrett, 1806-1861. Autograph letter signed : Paris, to Hiram Powers, 1856 Jan. 3. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Williams family. Williams family papers, 1819-1993 (bulk 1850-1945). Thomas Balch Library
creatorOf Everett, Edward, 1794-1865. Edward Everett letters, 1820-1849. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Preston, John Smith, 1809-1881. John S. Preston papers, 1854-1936. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Hubard, William James, 1807-1862. Papers : of William James Hubard, 1822-1933. Valentine Richmond Historical Center
referencedIn Lemmi, Charles W. (Charles William), b. 1882. Charles W. Lemmi letter to Phoebe A. Hearst : Cambridge, Mass. : ALS, 1911 Mar. 25. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. Hiram Powers and Powers family papers, 1819-1953, bulk 1835-1883. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. Hiram Powers letters, 1852 Apr. 4-Dec. 30. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. Papers of Hiram Powers [manuscript] 1838-68. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Weed, Thurlow, 1797-1882. Autograph letters signed (2) : Florence and Albans , to Hiram Powers, 1852 Apr. 18 and 1855 May 12. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Eaton, Charles James Madison, 1808-1893. Charles James Madison Eaton correspondence with Hiram Powers, and a letter received from Thomas Sully 1845-1867. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Brown, Henry Kirke, 1814-1886. Henry Kirke Brown papers, 1836-1893. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn Everett, Edward, 1794-1865. Letter, 1851 Jan. 13, Cambridge to R.H. Stanton / Edward Everett. State Library of Massachusetts
referencedIn Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873 : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. ALS, 1833 January 1 : Florence, Italy, to unknown recipient. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848. person
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873. person
associatedWith Aiken, Joseph Daniel, 1817-1884. person
associatedWith Allen, T. Prentiss, person
correspondedWith American Press Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Anthony, Alfred Williams, 1860-1939. person
associatedWith Astor, William B. (William Backhouse), 1792-1875. person
associatedWith Atlee, Samuel Yorke, b. 1808. person
associatedWith Bezzuoli, Giuseppe, 1784-1855, person
associatedWith Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902. person
associatedWith Brooks, Sidney person
associatedWith Brooks, Sidney, 1813-1887. person
associatedWith Bross, William, 1813-1890. person
associatedWith Brown, Henry Kirke, 1814-1886. person
associatedWith Browning, Elizabeth Barrett, 1806-1861. person
associatedWith Browning, Robert, 1812-1889. person
associatedWith Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878. person
associatedWith Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850. person
associatedWith Canova, Antonio, 1757-1822. person
associatedWith Claghorn, James Lawrence, 1817-1884. person
associatedWith Cole, R.H. person
associatedWith Connelly, Pierce Francis, 1841-1932. person
associatedWith Cranch, Christopher Pearse, 1813-1892. person
associatedWith Crawford, Thomas, 1813 or 14-1857. person
associatedWith Dentler, Clara Louise. person
associatedWith Dentler, Clara Louise, b. 1887. person
associatedWith Disraeli, Isaac, 1766-1848. person
associatedWith Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879. person
associatedWith Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886. person
associatedWith Duveen, Albert, person
associatedWith Eaton, Charles James Madison, 1808-1893. person
associatedWith Eliot, Samuel, 1821-1898. person
associatedWith Elwell, Frank Edwin, 1858-1922. person
associatedWith Eny, Gibson. person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865. person
associatedWith Fantacchiotti, Odoardo, 1809-1877. person
associatedWith Faulkner, Barry, 1881-1966. person
associatedWith Francis, Alexander. person
associatedWith Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790 person
associatedWith Fuller, Charles Francis person
associatedWith Fuller, Charles Francis. person
associatedWith Gould, Walter G., 1829-1893. person
associatedWith Gourdin, Henry, 1803-1879. person
associatedWith Granger, Francis, 1792-1868, person
associatedWith Gray, Henry Peters, 1819-1877. person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872. person
associatedWith Harris, Caleb Fiske, 1818-1881. person
associatedWith Hart, Charles Henry, 1847-1918, person
associatedWith Hart, Joel Tanner, 1810-1877. person
associatedWith Hart, Joel Tanner, 1810-1877. person
associatedWith Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. person
associatedWith Healy, George Peter Alexander, 1813-1894. person
associatedWith Healy, G. P. A. (George Peter Alexander), 1813-1894. person
correspondedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878 person
associatedWith Hosea, William G., person
associatedWith Hubard, William James, 1807-1862. person
associatedWith Ibbotson, Louisa. person
associatedWith Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845. person
associatedWith Jackson, John Adams, 1825-1879. person
associatedWith Kellogg, Miner K. (Miner Kilbourne), 1814-1889. person
associatedWith Kinney, E. Clementine person
associatedWith Kinney, E. Clementine. person
associatedWith Kinney, Elizabeth C., person
associatedWith Kinney, William person
associatedWith Kinney, William. person
associatedWith Lemmi, Charles W. (Charles William), b. 1882. person
associatedWith Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882. person
correspondedWith Lowell, James Russell, 1819-1891 person
associatedWith March, George Perkins, 1801-1882. person
associatedWith Markham, Edwin, 1852-1940. person
associatedWith Marsh, George P. (George Perkins), 1801-1882. person
associatedWith McHenry, James, 1817-1891. person
associatedWith Mead, Larkin G. (Larkin Goldsmith), 1835-1910. person
associatedWith Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872. person
associatedWith New Harmony (Ind.) corporateBody
associatedWith Nightingale, Florence, 1820-1910. person
associatedWith Nouvel, Niziero, 1840-1904?, person
associatedWith Page, William, 1811-1885. person
associatedWith Peabody, George, 1795-1869. person
associatedWith Powers, Longworth, 1835-1904. person
associatedWith Powers, Preston, b. 1843. person
associatedWith Preston, John Smith, 1809-1881. person
associatedWith Read family. person
associatedWith Read, Thomas Buchanan, 1822-1872. person
associatedWith Redpath, James L. person
associatedWith Robb, James, 1814-1881. person
associatedWith Rutledge, Anna Wells. person
associatedWith Sartain, John, 1808-1897. person
associatedWith Seiberling, Dorothy, 1922- person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Stevenson, Mary Pasco Conrad person
associatedWith Story, William Wetmore, 1819-1895. person
associatedWith Tausig, Dr. person
associatedWith Taylor, Bayard, 1825-1878, person
associatedWith Taylor, Joseph Wright, 1810-1880. person
associatedWith Tennyson, Alfred Tennyson, Baron, 1809-1892. person
associatedWith Trollope, Francis. person
correspondedWith Tuckerman, Henry T. (Henry Theodore), 1813-1871 person
associatedWith Visser, Dorothy, 1914?-1988. person
associatedWith Ward, Samuel Gray. person
associatedWith Ward, William E., b. 1821. person
associatedWith Ware, William, 1797-1852, person
associatedWith Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852 person
associatedWith Webster Memorial Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Weed, Thurlow, 1797-1882. person
associatedWith Wilde, Catherine A., 1792-1853. person
associatedWith Wilde, John Patterson, 1824-1890, person
associatedWith Wilde, Richard Henry, 1789-1847 person
associatedWith Wilde, William Cumming, 1823-1861, person
correspondedWith Williams family. family
associatedWith Wright, Nathalia. person
associatedWith Wunder, Richard P., person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Louisiana--New Orleans
Washington (D.C.)
United States
New Orleans (La.)
Washington (D.C.)
United States
Italy--Florence
Italy
Italy--Florence
United States
Italy--Florence
United States
United States
Subject
Sculpture, Modern--19th century
Artists--Correspondence
Sculpture, American--Photographs
Art, American
Sculptors
The Greek Slave (Statue)
Expatriate artists
Authors, American--Personal narratives
Artists
Busts--Photographs
Figure sculpture--Photographs
Photography of sculpture
Sculpture
Eve (Statue)
Sculptors--20th century--Correspondence
Portrait sculpture--Photographs
Sculpture, American--19th century
Sculptors--Italy--Florence
Yellow fever--1847
Statues--Photographs
Sculptors--Personal narratives
Occupation
Sculptors--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1805-06-29

Death 1873-06-27

Americans

Information

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