Hughes, John

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Epithet: Poet; of Add MS 33940

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001031.0x00000a

John Hughes of Gaerwen, Anglesey was a Methodist. No further biographical information was available at time of compilation of description.

From the guide to the John Hughes, Gaerwen Diaries, 1849-1868, (Bangor University)

Epithet: head gardener at Blenheim Palace

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000866.0x0003e1

No biographical information was available at time of compilation of description relating to John Hughes, Bachelor of Music, of Dolgellau, Merioneth.

From the guide to the John Hughes, Dolgellau Tune Books, 1820's-1850's, (Bangor University)

Epithet: of Add MS 36540

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000866.0x0003e8

Epithet: of the Post Office, Ireland

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001031.0x000009

Epithet: Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge 1705

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000866.0x0003e0

Epithet: of Add MS 15019

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000866.0x0003e4

Epithet: of Egerton MS 2678

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001031.0x000004

Epithet: of the Barrack Office, Ireland

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001031.0x000007

Epithet: of the Custom House, Dublin

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001031.0x000008

Epithet: Chaplain to the English Factory at Constantinople

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000866.0x0003de

Epithet: of Youth of All Nations Inc New York

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000412.0x000247

Epithet: innholder at Bridgnorth

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000866.0x0003e2

Epithet: Dramatic Poet and Essayist

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000866.0x0003df

Epithet: of Add MS 38256

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001031.0x000002

Epithet: of Add MS 32961

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000866.0x0003e6

From the Sugar Act of 1764 through the Tea Act of 1773, the British Parliament imposed a variety of taxes upon their American colonies in an effort to raise revenue to offset the enormous debts incurred during the Seven Years' (French and Indian) War. Far more efficiently than raising revenue, these duties raised the indignation of the colonits, contributing more than their share to the alienation that fueled the independence movement.

The Stamp Act became the first direct tax on the American colonies in 1765, levying a fee on all official documents, and thus all legal transactions. The response of the Massachusetts House of Representatives was swift and decisive. On June 6, 1765, they agreed to the motion of James Otis to organize an intercolonial meeting to resist the Stamp Act, and two days later, issued a circular letter to the assemblies of the other colonies. The resulting Stamp Act Congress included 9 of the 13 colonies, and their vigorous protest, coupled with effective boycotts of British goods and the all too often violent response in the streets, led Parliament to withdraw the act in 1766.

Yet in a sign of things to come, Parliament issued their withdrawal of the Stamp Act with an no-nonsense Declaratory Act resserting their authority over all colonial affairs, including taxation. Still seeking ways of extracting additonal revenue from the colonies, in 1767 the Chancellor of the Exchequer Charles Townshend proposed a duty on all imports into the colonies of five key commodities -- lead, paint, glass, paper and tea -- reasoning that such indirect taxation would be less odious. Clearly a misjudgment of the mood in the colonies, the Townshend Duties produced results very similar to the Stamp Act: wide spread protests, sporadic violence, and increasing coordination between radical elements in all 13 colonies. The Non-Importation Agreements in 1768 and 1769 were the a series of boycotts of British imports organized in nearly port city in the 13 colonies, accompanied by, eventually led to repeal of four of five of the Townshend duties in 1770.

The sole Townshend Duty to remain in place after 1770 was the duty on tea, and American radicals continued their boycott of that commodity. With declining revenues for the East India Company, Prime Minister Frederick North was led to recraft the scheme of taxation on tea, the most important features of which were to impose the tax at the point of origin, and to sell the tea in America through consignees who were granted exclusive rights to its retail. The results followed the pattern set in the previous decade of agitation, culminating in the Tea Party in Boston, the impoundment of tea in Charleston, and the successful rejection of tea in Philadelphia and elsewhere. Local resistance, in short, made the Tea Act as much a dead letter as any of its predecessors.

From the guide to the Pennsylvania Stamp Act and Non-Importation Resolutions Collection, 1765-1775, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Aberystwyth University Archive, 1824-[ongoing] Aberystwyth University
referencedIn Vol. III. (ff. 194). 1687-1820. At the end (ff. 182-192) are some undated papers, and a few poems.includes:ff. 2-18 Thomas Mainwaring, of Calveley, county Cheshire: Documents rel. to his estates: 1691-1695. f. 20 Thomas Moore, of Sandbach, county Ch..., 1687-1820 British Library
referencedIn Matthew Paul Deady Papers, 1850-1923 Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn " EXTENTA comitatus Anglisey, facta per Johannem de Delves, anno 26 Regis Edwardi Tertii post Conquestum Anglie, A.D. 1852; "-Charter of liberties granted by Henry VII. to North Wales, dat. 3 March, ao. r. 22 [1507]. Lat. ;-Charter of Confirmation, b..., 1630-1852 British Library
referencedIn Vol. LXVII (ff. 368). 16 Jan.-15 Mar. 1814.includes:f. 1 Baron Gotthard Mauritz von Rehausen,; Swedish Envoy: Letter to the 2nd Earl of Liverpool: 1814.: Fr. f. 4 Baron de La Barthe,; French loyalist: Letters to the Comte de Blacas: 1814.: Fr.: Cop... British Library
referencedIn Carlyle Marney Papers, 1899-1979 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Andreĭ Sakharov papers, 1852-2002 (inclusive), 1960-1990 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, E-K. Houghton Library.
referencedIn PAPERS of the family of the Dukes of Marlborough, etc., consisting of money accompts, bills, and a few business letters, chiefly of Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough; 1698-1784. Included (ff. 5-11) are the Privy Purse accompts, from 18 July, 1706 to 14 J..., 1698-1784 British Library
referencedIn Irene Carruthers Anglesey Papers, 1824 November 13 -1934 January 4 Bangor University
referencedIn Letters to Matthew Calbraith Perry from various correspondents, 1799-1945. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Nathanael Greene Papers, 1777-1780 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf John Hughes, Dolgellau Tune Books, 1820's-1850's Bangor University
referencedIn Vol. CLIV (ff. 345). Jan. 1778-Aug. 1779.includes:ff. 1-22 b British America: Account of what the Treasury has done in freighting provision-ships for, with lists of ships, etc.: 1775-1777. ff. 23, 114, 115, 222-224, 242, 243, 333, 335, 336 Henry St... British Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous Benjamin Franklin Collections, 1710-1822 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Vol. CCLIV (ff. 167). Proposals, contracts, estimates, accounts, memoranda, etc., concerning the building, furnishings and gardens, including (ff. 126-163) a series of interior elevations, chiefly of rooms on the upper stories; 1705-1737, n.d. Woodst..., 1705-1737 British Library
referencedIn Robert Owen Collection, 1805-1858 National Co-operative Archive
referencedIn Vol. CCCLXXVI (ff. 212). 1722-1727.includes:f. 1 Mary Murray, wife of John, 1st Duke of Atholl: Letter to Duchess of Marlborough: 1722.ff. 3-7b Robert Molesworth, 1st Viscount Molesworth (1716); Ambassador to Denmark: Correspondence with Duchess ..., 1722-1727 British Library
creatorOf John Hughes, Gaerwen Diaries, 1849-1868 Bangor University
referencedIn Fonds d'archives du collège des Irlandais de Paris Centre culturel irlandais (Paris). Service des ressourcesdocumentaires
referencedIn Vol. LXXII (ff. 407). 20 Jan. -19 Feb. 1816.includes:f. 1 Hugh Boyle, Inspector of Irish Taxes: Letters to Sir R. Peel: 1815-1818.f. 3 George Robert Dawson, Under-Secretary of State: Letter to H. Boyle: 1816.ff. 5, 132, 188 Charles Costello, Ba... British Library
referencedIn BLENHEIM PAPERS. Vol. CCXLIX (ff. 172). (1) Orders for payment; 1706-1719. Partly French. ff. 1-13b. (2) Receipts; 1674-1722, n.d. Partly French and Dutch. Partly printed. ff. 14-129b. 3) Accounts, etc., mostly from Anthony and William Guidott, soli..., 1674-1722 British Library
referencedIn New York Times Company records. A.M. Rosenthal papers, 1955-1994, 1967-1986 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Charles Henry Brainard papers, 1795-1884 and undated. Houghton Library.
referencedIn United States Sanitary Commission records. Army and Navy Claim Agency archives, 1861-1870 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn MISCELLANEOUS autograph letters, etc., chiefly of literary men ante 1582-1852. 1. "Discenda ex scrinijs Regijs super historia Scotica," in the hand of George Buchanan; n.d. [ob. 1582]. f. 1. 2. Edward Jones [Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford] ..., 1582-1852 British Library
referencedIn Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts, 1582-1843. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Edmund Kean correspondence, 1826-1828 (bulk), 1791-1836 (inclusive). Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Vol. CCLIII (ff. 257+218*). Correspondence of the Duke and Duchess of Marlborough with Sir John Vanbrugh, Samuel Travers, Nicholas Hawksmoor, Henry Wise and others, concerning the building and gardens; including many copies and annotations made in co..., 1705-1725 British Library
referencedIn Vol. CCLXXVI. (ff. 413). General Correspondence August, 1764.George III of England: Correspondence of the Duke of Newcastle, Sec. of State, etc.: 1760-1768.includes:f. 1 William Ponsonby, Viscount Duncannon; 2nd Earl of Bessborough: Correspondence wi... British Library
creatorOf Pennsylvania Stamp Act and Non-Importation Resolutions Collection, 1765-1775 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Vol. XLII (ff. 409). Oct. -9 Nov. 1812.includes:ff. 1, 62, 75, 153, 167, 215 Charles Arbuthnot, PC; MP; diplomatist: Correspondence with Sir R. Peel: 1812-1849.ff. 1e, 291, 375 John Maxwell-Barry, 5th Baron Farnham 1823: Correspondence with Sir ... British Library
referencedIn Hugh Edwards, Llanfechell Collection, 1912 - c. 1970 Bangor University
referencedIn MISCELLANEOUS original letters and papers; [circa 1430-]1837. The writers are:-1. [Sir] J[ohn] Fastolf to "Brother Herry, Frowyke;" Castre, 30 Oct. [circa 1430], f. 2. 2. Nicolaus [Grudius] Euerardus [Treasurer. of Brabant, etc.] to viglius van Zuic..., approximately 1430-1837 British Library
referencedIn Vol. I. ff. 277.Levant Company: Letter-books of Lord Chandos, Amb. at Constantinople, relating to: 1681-1688.Thomas Coke, Cancellarius at the English Factory at Constantinople: Letter-book of Lord Chandos, probably in his hand: 1681-1686.James Brydg... British Library
referencedIn Charles Franklin Dunbar autograph collection, 1757-1865. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Vol. XLIV (ff. 345). Jan.-9 Feb. 1813.includes:f. 1 Sir Edmund Antrobus, 1st Baronet 1815: Letter to Sir R. Peel: 1813.ff. 1S b, 326, 327 Revenue: Papers rel. to, in Ireland: 1792-1817.ff. 3, 102, 230 William Ogilvic, of Ardglass, county Down; ... British Library
referencedIn MISCELLANEOUS original letters and papers, viz. 1. Correspondence. of, and papers relating to, the family of Paston, of co. Norfolk, especially Robert Paston, 1st Earl of Yarmouth, Lord Lieutenant of the county (d. 1682); 1566-1693. The names of the ..., 1566-approximately 1800 British Library
referencedIn Vol. LXXVII (ff. 404). 23 July-Aug. 1816.includes:f. 1 Thomas Richard Babington, Dublin police magistrate: Letters to Sir R. Peel: 1815, 1816.ff. 3, 45 John Hatchell, barrister, of Dublin: Letters to Sir R. Peel: 1814-1817.f. 5 James King, Cham... British Library
referencedIn Vol. II (ff. 331). A-H; circ. 1584-1722.includes:f. 1 Roger Acroide, DD; Archdeacon of the West Riding of York: Letter to Dean -: 1614.f. 2 John Agate, d 1720 DD; Rector of Stawley: Letter to R. Banks: 1703.f. 4 Richard Allestree, DD; provost o..., approximately 1584-1722 British Library
referencedIn Benjamin Franklin Papers Part 13 -- Miscellaneous Franklin Materials, 1640-1791 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Vol. XVIII (ff. 400). Feb.-July 1946.includes:f. 1 D. B. Keith, of Thurso: Letter to G. B. Shaw of D. B.). Keith: 1946. f. 2 Mary Margaret Shaw, MBE; daughter of Frederick William Shaw, 5th Baronet: Letter to G. B. Shaw of Mary Margaret Shaw: 1946. f... British Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Aberystwyth University corporateBody
associatedWith Boston (Mass.). Committee of Merchants. corporateBody
associatedWith Bradford, William, 1719-1791 person
associatedWith Brainard, Charles Henry, 1817-1885 person
associatedWith Carruthers, Irene person
associatedWith Deady, Matthew P. (Matthew Paul), 1824-1893 person
correspondedWith Dunbar, Charles Franklin, 1830-1900 person
associatedWith Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790 person
associatedWith Greene, Nathanael, 1742-1786 person
associatedWith Hawker, James person
associatedWith Houghton Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Hugh Edwards of Llanfechell. person
associatedWith Hughes John fl 1820 person
associatedWith Hughes John fl. 1849-1868 person
associatedWith James and Drinker corporateBody
correspondedWith Kean, Edmund, 1787-1833 person
correspondedWith Marney, Carlyle, 1916-1978 person
associatedWith New York (N. Y.). Merchants person
associatedWith Owen, Robert., 1777-1858 person
associatedWith Penn, John, 1729-1795 person
correspondedWith Perry, Matthew Calbraith, 1794-1858 person
associatedWith Philadelphia (Pa.). Committee of Merchants. corporateBody
associatedWith Philadelphia (Pa.). Merchants and Traders. corporateBody
associatedWith Philadelphia (Pa.). Tea Commissioners. (Thomas and Isaac Wharton, James and Drinker, Jonathan Browne) corporateBody
associatedWith Rosenthal, A. M. (Abraham Michael), 1922-2006 person
associatedWith Sakharov, Andreĭ, 1921-1989 person
associatedWith Scaevola (pseud.) person
associatedWith Sons of Liberty of New York. Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Unidentified author person
associatedWith United States Sanitary Commission corporateBody
associatedWith Virginia. Council and House of Burgesses. corporateBody
associatedWith Wharton, Isaac person
associatedWith Wharton, Thomas . corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Astbury, Cheshire
Montreal, Canada
Cork, Ireland
Dominica, the W. Indies
Arclid Hall, Cheshire
Boxford, Suffolk
Balcombe, Sussex
Meath, county of, Ireland
Dublin, Ireland
Leeds, West Riding of Yorkshire
Ireland, Europe
Taney, Dublin
St Albans, Hertfordshire
Philadelphia (Pa.)
St. Vincent, West Indies
Dover, Kent
Woodstock, Oxfordshire
St Albans, Hertfordshire
Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire
Scotland, United Kingdom
Netherlands, Europe
United States of America
Deal, Kent
Ardingley, Sussex
Great Britain
Pennsylvania
Smallwood, Cheshire
Bridgnorth, Shropshire
London, England
Penn, Buckinghamshire
United States
Woodstock, Oxfordshire
Cork, Ireland
Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk
British America, America
Dublin, Ireland
Youghal, Cork
Galway, county of, Ireland
Cork, Ireland
New Ross, Wexford
Great Yarmouth, Norfolk
Down, county of, Ireland
Strangford, Down
Glympton, Oxfordshire
Killinchy, Down
Killarney, Kerry
Dublin, Ireland
Constantinople, Byzantine empire
Scotland, United Kingdom
West Indies, America
Leicester, Leicestershire
Delamere St Peter, Cheshire
Subject
Music Wales 19th century
Colonial Politics
Stamp act, 1765
Government Affairs
Pennsylvania History
Non-importation agreements, 1768-1769
Folk music Wales 19th century
Philadelphia History
Tea tax (American colonies)
Sons of Liberty
Diaries
American Revolution
Occupation
Function

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