Penn, John, 1729-1795

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The Wyoming Controversy was a conflict between the governments of Pennsylvania, Connecticut, and Britain, the Continental Congress, and the Indians over land in the Wyoming Valley in Pennsylvania.

From the guide to the Documents relating to the Wyoming Controversy, 1751-1814, 1823, 1751-1823, (American Philosophical Society)

Grandson of William Penn, last lieutenant governor of Pennsylvania and Delaware under the proprietorship.

From the description of Warrant : Philadelphia, to John Lukens, 1776 Mar. 8. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 86165783

From the Sugar Act of 1764 through the Tea Act of 1773, the British Parliament imposed a variety of taxes upon their American colonies in an effort to raise revenue to offset the enormous debts incurred during the Seven Years' (French and Indian) War. Far more efficiently than raising revenue, these duties raised the indignation of the colonits, contributing more than their share to the alienation that fueled the independence movement.

The Stamp Act became the first direct tax on the American colonies in 1765, levying a fee on all official documents, and thus all legal transactions. The response of the Massachusetts House of Representatives was swift and decisive. On June 6, 1765, they agreed to the motion of James Otis to organize an intercolonial meeting to resist the Stamp Act, and two days later, issued a circular letter to the assemblies of the other colonies. The resulting Stamp Act Congress included 9 of the 13 colonies, and their vigorous protest, coupled with effective boycotts of British goods and the all too often violent response in the streets, led Parliament to withdraw the act in 1766.

Yet in a sign of things to come, Parliament issued their withdrawal of the Stamp Act with an no-nonsense Declaratory Act resserting their authority over all colonial affairs, including taxation. Still seeking ways of extracting additonal revenue from the colonies, in 1767 the Chancellor of the Exchequer Charles Townshend proposed a duty on all imports into the colonies of five key commodities -- lead, paint, glass, paper and tea -- reasoning that such indirect taxation would be less odious. Clearly a misjudgment of the mood in the colonies, the Townshend Duties produced results very similar to the Stamp Act: wide spread protests, sporadic violence, and increasing coordination between radical elements in all 13 colonies. The Non-Importation Agreements in 1768 and 1769 were the a series of boycotts of British imports organized in nearly port city in the 13 colonies, accompanied by, eventually led to repeal of four of five of the Townshend duties in 1770.

The sole Townshend Duty to remain in place after 1770 was the duty on tea, and American radicals continued their boycott of that commodity. With declining revenues for the East India Company, Prime Minister Frederick North was led to recraft the scheme of taxation on tea, the most important features of which were to impose the tax at the point of origin, and to sell the tea in America through consignees who were granted exclusive rights to its retail. The results followed the pattern set in the previous decade of agitation, culminating in the Tea Party in Boston, the impoundment of tea in Charleston, and the successful rejection of tea in Philadelphia and elsewhere. Local resistance, in short, made the Tea Act as much a dead letter as any of its predecessors.

From the guide to the Pennsylvania Stamp Act and Non-Importation Resolutions Collection, 1765-1775, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Wilson, James, 1742-1798. Letters to Edmund Physick and John Montgomery, 1773 August 17-1775 September 14. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Pennsylvania. Lieutenant Governor (1763-1771 : Penn). Warrant : Philadelphia, to Richard McWilliam, 1765 July 10. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Parke, Thomas, Dr. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1750-1789. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Shippen family. Papers, 1733-1878. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn United States. Continental Congress. Extracts from minutes : Philadelphia, 1777. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Timothy Horsfield Papers, 1684, 1733-1771 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Documents relating to the Wyoming Controversy, 1751-1814, 1823. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Land indenture for Mary Nelo 1786 [manuscript] Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
referencedIn Harris, John. Collection, 1687-1915. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Penn, William, 1644-1718. Miscellaneous litigations and papers, 1672-1764. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Mifflin family papers, 1772-1851, 1772-1851 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Penn, William, 1644-1718. Penn-Physick papers, 1684-1788. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
referencedIn Penn family. Papers, 1606-1834. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Parker family. Papers, 1680-1936. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Penn, John, 1760-1834. Deed, 1776 April 10, to Samuel Wetherell, Jr. New England Historic Genealogical Society
referencedIn Shippen, Joseph, 1732-1810. An act for regulating the fishery in the river Connestogoe in the County of Lancaster : manuscript, 1774. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Shippen, Joseph, 1732-1810. ALS : Philadelphia, to John Penn, 1767 July 22. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Peters, Richard, 1704-1776. ALS : Philadelphia, to [John Penn?], 1772 Mar. 2. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Edward Shippen letters and papers, 1727-1781, 1727-1781 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Barnsley, Edward R. (Edward Roberts), 1906-. Papers, 1707-1933. Bucks County Historical Society
creatorOf Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787. ALS, 1766 August 15, New York, to Lt. Governor [John] Penn. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Land indenture for Mary Nelo 1786 [manuscript] Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
creatorOf Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787. Autograph letter signed : New York, to Governor John Penn, 1766 Feb. 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Peters, Richard, 1704-1776. ALS : Philadelphia, to John Penn, 1771 July 6. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Ewart, Samuel D., Mrs. Mrs. Samuel D. Ewart papers 1786-1921. Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
referencedIn United States. District Court (Pennsylvania : Eastern District). Equity dockets and case files, 1790-1847 [microform]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Minutes of Indian treaties and conferences, 1721-1760, [n.d.]., 1721-1760 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Mifflin family. Mifflin family papers, 1772-1851. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn North Carolina papers. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Penn, John, 1700-1746. Hillman collection, 1776-1841. Historical Society of Moorestown
creatorOf Woods, Lawrence C., Jr., 1900-1990. Collection 1743-1801. Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
referencedIn Shippen, Joseph, 1732-1810. Papers of Joseph Shippen, 1727-1783. Library of Congress
creatorOf Bradford, William, 1663-1752. Dorothy Merriman Schall papers, 1686-1897. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Deeds, 1703-1798, for land in Pennsylvania, 1703-1798 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Cumberland County (Pa.). Cumberland County, Pa., land documents, 1750-1774. New-York Historical Society Library
referencedIn Physick, Edmund, 1725 or 6-1804. Edmund Physick family papers, 1759-1899. Library of Congress
creatorOf Penn, John, 1729-1795. Instructions for Messrs. John Jennings, Charles Stewart, & Amos Ogden, for settling the Proprietary Lands at Wyoming : MsS, [1768]. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Recollections of my acquaintance with deceased members of the American Philosophical Society, 1862, 1862 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Frederick Smyth papers, 1756-1816, 1756-1816 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Gray, Samuel, 1721-. Letter, 1770 August 11, Windham, Conn., to Ebenezer Gray. Connecticut Historical Society
creatorOf Johnson, William, Sir, 1715-1774. Sir William Johnson letters, 1755-1773. Newberry Library
referencedIn Edmund Physick Family Papers, 1759-1899 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Smyth, Frederick, 1732-1815. Papers, 1756-1816. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Jared Sparks collection of documents concerning the American Revolution, 1740-1866 . Houghton Library.
referencedIn Benjamin Franklin Papers Part 13 -- Miscellaneous Franklin Materials, 1640-1791 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Breck, Samuel, 1771-1862. Recollections of my acquaintance with deceased members of the American Philosophical Society, 1862. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Manuscripts and documents, 1765-1775, relating to Pennsylvania's provincial non-importation resolutions. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Shippen, Edward, ca. 1703-1781. ALS : Lancaster, Pa., to John Penn, 1766 Feb. 26. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Pennsylvania. Land grant : Philadelphia, 1774 Feb. 28. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Bamberger, Louis, 1855-1944,. Autograph collection, 1683-1929. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Thomas Gage papers, Gage, Thomas, papers, 1754-1807, 1759-1775 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Gratz, Simon. American political subjects, 1641-1922. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Shippen, Joseph, 1732-1810. Autograph copy of part of an original return of "search and viewing the ground for a road or King's High-way" : Philadelphia, to Lieut. Governor John Penn, 1772 May 30. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Penn, John, 1729-1795. Series I, 1711-1813 1711, 1719, 1754, 1759-1760, 1773-1776, 1780-1786, 1813. Maryland State Archives
referencedIn Penn, William, 1644-1718. Records of the proprietary government, 1629-1828. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Penn, William, 1644-1718. Papers, 1654-1735. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Logan, Deborah Norris, 1761-1839. Diaries, 1815-1839. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Pennsylvania. Lieutenant Governor (1763-1771 : Penn). Letter : Philadelphia, [Pa.], to Sir William Johnson, 1765 May 23. Newberry Library
referencedIn Sellers family. Business records, 1774-1834 [microform]. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Brough, Thelty. [Warrant] 1774, Sept. 16, authorizing the surveying of 100 acres in Upper Paxtang Township, Lancaster County, Pa., for Thelty Brough. Millersville University Library, McNairy Library
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of Shelburne papers, 1665-1885. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Clement, John C. Papers, 1681-1871. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Shippen, Edward, 1703-1781. Letters and papers, 1727-1781. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn McKinney, Roderick. Robert McKinney papers 1785. Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
creatorOf Pennsylvania. Governor (1773-1776 : Penn). John Vanderen patent, 1776. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Deeds, 1703-1798, for land in Pennsylvania. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Penn, John, 1700-1746. Minutes, 1784-1790. Bucks County Historical Society
creatorOf Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787. Thomas Gage papers, 1754-1807, bulk 1759-1775. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Parker family (Perth Amboy, N.J.). Parker family papers, 1676-1946 1760-1820. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Papers, 1768-1877. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Pennsylvania Stamp Act and Non-Importation Resolutions Collection, 1765-1775 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Shippen family papers, 1733-1878, 1733-1878 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Penn, Thomas, 1702-1775. Letterbook, 1752-1772. American Antiquarian Society
creatorOf Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787. Letter : New York, to Honorable Lt. Governor Penn, 1766 July 2. Newberry Library
creatorOf Documents relating to the Wyoming Controversy, 1751-1814, 1823, 1751-1823 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Swank, James Moore, 1836-1914. Papers, 1785-1898 (inclusive), 1785, 1871-1898 (bulk). Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Thomas Gage letters, 1766-1773 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Chew, Benjamin, 1722-1810. Estate papers, 1776-1904. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Shippen family. Papers, 1701-1856. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Penn, John, 1729-1795. Warrant : Philadelphia, to John Lukens, 1776 Mar. 8. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Autograph File, P, 1554-2005. Houghton Library.
referencedIn William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of Shelburne papers, Shelburne, William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of, papers, 1665-1885 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Mitchell, James T. (James Tyndale), 1834-1915,. Collection, 1659-1911. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Penn, Thomas, 1702-1775. Letters, 1763 Dec. 10. Newberry Library
referencedIn Smith, William, 1727-1803. Papers, 1690-1871 (bulk 1748-1804). University of Pennsylvania, Archives & Records Center
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Beecher, Henry Ward, 1813-1887,. Autographs collection, 1682-1972. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Penn, John, 1729-1795. LS : Philadelphia, to John Lukens and Charles Stewart, 1771 Feb. 12. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Morton, John, ca. 1724-1777. Signed act of the Pennsylvania General Assembly, 1776 March 16. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Signers collection, 1770-1826. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Historical Sketch of the Continental Bills of Credit, from 1775 to 1781, with Specimens thereof, 1840, 1862 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn William Temple Franklin Papers, 1775-1819 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Dunmore, John Murray, Earl of, 1732-1809. Correspondence, 1771-1778. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library
creatorOf Pennsylvania. Provincial Council,. Report of the Commissioners to the Albany Congress : ms., 1754 Aug. 6. Rosenbach Museum & Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Amherst, Jeffery Amherst, Baron, 1717-1797 person
associatedWith Armstrong, John, Jr. person
associatedWith Bamberger, Louis, 1855-1944, person
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 person
associatedWith Barnsley, Edward R. (Edward Roberts), 1906- person
associatedWith Biddle, Charles person
associatedWith Boston (Mass.). Committee of Merchants. corporateBody
associatedWith Boyd, John person
associatedWith Bradford, William, 1719-1791 person
associatedWith Breck, Samuel, 1771-1862. person
associatedWith Butler, Zebulon. family
associatedWith Chew, Benjamin, 1722-1810. person
associatedWith Clement, John C. person
associatedWith Conyngham, Redmond, 1781-1846 person
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas person
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
associatedWith Cumberland County (Pa.) corporateBody
associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Dunmore, John Murray, Earl of, 1732-1809. person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Ewart, Samuel D., Mrs. person
associatedWith Fitch, John person
associatedWith Fitch, Thomas, 1700-1774 person
associatedWith Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790 person
associatedWith Franklin, John person
associatedWith Franklin, William, 1731-1813 person
associatedWith Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787. person
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
associatedWith Gratz, Simon. person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Gray, Samuel, 1721- person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Hamilton, James, 1710-1783 person
associatedWith Hamilton, Joseph person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
associatedWith Harris, John. person
associatedWith Hawker, James person
associatedWith Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773 person
associatedWith Hughes, John person
associatedWith James and Drinker corporateBody
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associatedWith Johnson, William, Sir, 1715-1774. person
associatedWith Keith, William, 1680-1749 person
associatedWith Lansdowne, William Petty, Marquis of, 1737-1805 person
associatedWith Logan, Deborah Norris, 1761-1839. person
associatedWith Lukens, John, 1720-1789. person
associatedWith McKinney, Roderick. person
associatedWith Mifflin family. family
associatedWith Mifflin family. family
associatedWith Mitchell, James T. (James Tyndale), 1834-1915, person
associatedWith Montgomery, William. family
associatedWith Montgomery, William, 1768-1848 person
associatedWith Morton, John, ca. 1724-1777. person
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith New York (N. Y.). Merchants person
associatedWith Norris, Isaac, 1671-1735 person
associatedWith Ogden, Amos, fl. 1768, person
associatedWith Parker family. family
associatedWith Parker family (Perth Amboy, N.J.) family
associatedWith Parke, Thomas, Dr. person
associatedWith Penn family. family
associatedWith Penn, John, 1700-1746. person
associatedWith Penn, John, 1760-1834. person
associatedWith Pennsylvania. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania. Governor (1773-1776 : Penn) corporateBody
correspondedWith Pennsylvania. Lieutenant Governor (1763-1771 : Penn) corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania (Province). corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania. Provincial Council, corporateBody
associatedWith Penn, Thomas, 1702-1775. person
associatedWith Penn, William, 1644-1718. person
associatedWith Peters, Richard, 1704-1776. person
associatedWith Philadelphia (Pa.). Committee of Merchants. corporateBody
associatedWith Philadelphia (Pa.). Merchants and Traders. corporateBody
associatedWith Philadelphia (Pa.). Tea Commissioners. (Thomas and Isaac Wharton, James and Drinker, Jonathan Browne) corporateBody
associatedWith Physick, Edmund, 1725 or 1726-1804 person
associatedWith Physick, Edmund, 1725 or 6-1804. person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
associatedWith Rush, Richard person
associatedWith Scaevola (pseud.) person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Sellers family. family
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
associatedWith Shaw, William, 1742-1816 person
associatedWith Shippen, Edward, ca. 1703-1781. person
associatedWith Shippen family. family
associatedWith Shippen family. family
associatedWith Shippen, Joseph, 1732-1810. person
associatedWith Smith, William, 1727-1803. person
associatedWith Smyth, Frederick, 1732-1815. person
associatedWith Sons of Liberty of New York. Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
associatedWith Stewart, Charles, 1729-1800, person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Susquehanna Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Swank, James Moore, 1836-1914. person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
associatedWith Trumbull, Jonathan, 1740-1809 person
associatedWith Unidentified author person
associatedWith United States. Continental Congress. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. District Court (Pennsylvania : Eastern District). corporateBody
associatedWith Virginia. Council and House of Burgesses. corporateBody
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith Wharton, Isaac person
associatedWith Wharton, Thomas . corporateBody
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Wilson, James, 1742-1798. person
associatedWith Wolcott, Roger, 1679-1767 person
associatedWith Woods, Lawrence C., Jr., 1900-1990. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Pennsylvania
United States
Wyoming Valley (Pa.)
Delaware
Great Britain
Pennsylvania
Wyoming Valley (Pa.)
Wyoming Valley (Pa.)
Maryland
Subject
American Revolution
Non-importation agreements, 1768-1769
Colonial Politics
Stamp act, 1765
Sons of Liberty
Pennsylvania History
Philadelphia History
Government Affairs
Tea tax (American colonies)
Land settlement--Pennsylvania
Occupation
Pioneers
Surveyors
Function

Person

Birth 1729-07-14

Death 1795-02-09

Information

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SNAC ID: 58205539