Arago, F. (François), 1786-1853

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French mathematician, physicist, astronomer and politician. François Arago contributed to major discoveries concerning electromagnetism, light polarisation and velocity, the meridian arc length of the earth, and the standardisation of the metric system. From 1830 he was director of the Paris Observatory. Arago also served several roles in government, including a short period as the prime minister of France.

From the description of Letter of François Arago written to Louis de Freycinet, circa 1825 [manuscript]. [ca. 1825] (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 706663767

From the description of Letter of François Arago written to Louis de Freycinet, 1820 Nov. 24 [manuscript]. [1820] (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 705889421

Astronomer, doctor, politician, member of the Academy of Sciences, Minister of States.

From the description of ALS : Paris, to Dr. des Ponts et Chausées, 1833 Nov. 1. (Boston Public Library). WorldCat record id: 37631853

François Arago (1786-1853) fut admis à l’âge de dix-sept ans à l’École polytechnique. Secrétaire du Bureau des Longitudes, il fut adjoint à Biot, chargé d’achever la mesure de l’arc du méridien terrestre (1806). Membre titulaire de l’Académie des sciences à vingt-trois ans, il fut nommé professeur d’analyse et de géodésie à l’École polytechnique où il exerça ces fonctions pendant vingt ans. Devenu directeur de l’Observatoire, il donna des cours d’astronomie restés célèbres par leur clarté. En 1830, Arago remplaça Fourier comme secrétaire perpétuel de l’Académie pour les sciences mathématiques. Après 1830, il entra à la Chambre comme député des Pyrénées-Orientales et siégea à l’extrême-gauche. En février 1848, Arago fut porté par l’acclamation populaire au Gouvernement provisoire et chargé de diriger les ministères de la Marine et de la Guerre. Il fit adopter l’abolition de l’esclavage dans les colonies françaises. Député à la Constituante, il appartint à la Commission exécutive, qui se démit en juin, puis il siégea à la Législative. En 1852, il ne voulut pas prêter serment au gouvernement nouveau.

Information extraite de la notice des Archives nationals de France (FRAN_NP_050113)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Arago, F. (François), 1786-1853. Memorandum, 1817, [Paris], to [George Ticknor, Paris]. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Lagrange, J. L. (Joseph Louis), 1736-1813. Letters. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Airy, George Biddell, Sir, 1801-1892. Letters. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Herschel, John F. W. (John Frederick William), Sir, 1792-1871. Papers. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Arago, F. (François), 1786-1853. Papers. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Walferdin, Franc̜ois Hippolyte, 1795-1880. Letter. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Sabine, Edward, Sir, 1788-1883. Letters. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Edgeworth, Maria, 1767-1849. Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to Dominique François Jean Arago, the French scientist, [n.d., paper is watermarked 1818]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Schumacher, Heinrich Christian, 1780-1850. Papers. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf F. Arago letter to Mr. Leroux, 1829 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Fonds de la Bibliothèque du Palais des Arts, aujourd’hui réparti entre la Bibliothèque municipale de Lyon, la Bibliothèque de l’Académie de Lyon et la Bibliothèque Nationale de France Ms PA 1 - Ms PA 362. Bibliothèque municipale (Lyon)
creatorOf Taylor, Orla Benedict, 1865-1945,. Napoleon autograph collection, 1792-1843. University of Michigan
creatorOf Arago, F. (François), 1786-1853. The daguerreotype : manuscript, 1839. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
creatorOf Arago, F. (François), 1786-1853. ALS : Paris, to Dr. des Ponts et Chausées, 1833 Nov. 1. Boston Public Library, Central Library in Copley Square
creatorOf LaFayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de, 1757-1834. Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to François Arago, 1822 Jan. 23. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Barchas, Cecile M.,. Portrait prints of scientists, 1473-1898. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Oersted, Hans Christian, 1777-1851. Papers. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Herschel Family. Papers, 1721-1951, (bulk 1810-1871). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872. Papers. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Arago, F. (François), 1786-1853. Letter of François Arago written to Louis de Freycinet, circa 1825 [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Arago, F. (François), 1786-1853. Letter. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Etienne, 1772-1844. Papers. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Brougham and Vaux, Henry Brougham, Baron, 1778-1868. Autograph letter signed : London, to M. Arago, 1847 Dec. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Berthollet, Claude-Louis, 1748-1822. Papers. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Arago, F. (François), 1786-1853. Letter of François Arago written to Louis de Freycinet, 1820 Nov. 24 [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Académie royale des sciences (France) corporateBody
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Airy, George Biddell, Sir, 1801-1892. person
associatedWith Arago, Étienne person
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 person
associatedWith Berthier, Pierre, 1782-1861. person
associatedWith Berthollet, Claude-Louis, 1748-1822. person
associatedWith Brougham and Vaux, Henry Brougham, Baron, 1778-1868. person
associatedWith Bruslé, Auguste Prosper. person
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
associatedWith Dibner, Bern, person
associatedWith Edgeworth, Maria, 1767-1849. person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Fitch, John person
correspondedWith Freycinet, Louis Claude Desaulses de, 1779-1842 person
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
associatedWith Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Etienne, 1772-1844. person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
associatedWith Herschel Family. family
associatedWith Herschel, John F. W. (John Frederick William), Sir, 1792-1871. person
associatedWith Huot, J.-J.-N. (Jean-Jacques-Nicolas), 1790-1845. person
associatedWith LaFayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de, 1757-1834. person
associatedWith Lagrange, J. L. (Joseph Louis), 1736-1813. person
associatedWith Lubbock, J. W. (John William), 1803-1865. person
associatedWith Milne-Edwards, H. (Henri), 1800-1885. person
associatedWith Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872. person
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith Oersted, Hans Christian, 1777-1851. person
associatedWith Physicienne (Corvette) corporateBody
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
associatedWith Sabine, Edward, Sir, 1788-1883. person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Schumacher, Heinrich Christian, 1780-1850. person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Taylor, Orla Benedict, 1865-1945, person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
associatedWith Ticknor, George, 1791-1871. person
associatedWith Uranie (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith Volta, Alessandro, 1745-1827. person
associatedWith Walferdin, Franc̜ois Hippolyte, 1795-1880. person
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith Wheatstone, Charles, Sir, 1802-1875. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
France--Pyrénées-Orientales
Australia
France
Australia
France
Subject
Scientific expeditions
Scientists--Correspondence
Floods--Sources
Voyages around the world
French--History--19th century
Occupation
Scientists
Prime ministers
Function

Person

Birth 1786-02-26

Death 1853-10-02

French

French,

English

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