Abbe, Cleveland, 1838-1916

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Astronomer and meteorologist.

From the description of Cleveland Abbe papers, 1850-1954 (bulk 1850-1916). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71130912

Meteorologist.

From the description of Cleveland Abbe papers, 1892-1906. (Historical Society of Washington, Dc). WorldCat record id: 70939748

Biographical Note: Cleveland Abbe, astronomer and meteorologist, was the first, regular, official weather forecaster of the U.S. government and was an avid supporter of research in atmospheric physics.

He was born in 1838 in New York city. Abbe was a graduate of City College of New York, 1857; and spent 1864-1866 at Pulkov, Russia with astronomer, Otto Struve. A national weather service was authorized in 1870 and Abbe devoted the rest of his career to that service. Abbe arranged with Daniel Coit Gilman to establish a course of study in Meteorology at the JHU. Abbe lectured on Climatology and gave his private library of 2500 volumes to the JHU in 1898. Cleveland Abbe died in Washington D.C. in 1916.

From the description of Cleveland Abbe papers, 1851-1952. (Johns Hopkins University). WorldCat record id: 48394883

Biographical Note

  • 1838, Dec. 2: Born, New York, N.Y.
  • 1857: B.A., College of the City of New York, New York, N.Y.
  • 1859 - 1860 : Taught engineering at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. Studied astronomy under Franz Brünnow
  • 1860: M.A., College of the City of New York, New York, N.Y.
  • 1861 - 1864 : Assisted Benjamin Apthorp Gould on longitude determinations for the United States Coast Survey
  • 1864 - 1866 : Guest astronomer, Observatory of Pulkovo, Russia
  • 1867 - 1868 : Aid, United States Naval Observatory
  • 1868 - 1873 : Director, Cincinnati Observatory, Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1869: Began publishing daily weather reports for the Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce
  • 1870: Married Frances Martha Neal (died 1908)
  • 1871 - 1916 : Meteorologist, United States Signal Corps and the United States Weather Bureau
  • 1884 - 1916 : Professor of meteorology, Columbian (George Washington) University, Washington, D.C.
  • 1895 - 1916 : Lecturer on meteorology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md.
  • 1906: Awarded the Franklin Medal by the American Philosophical Society
  • 1909: Married Margaret Augusta Percival
  • 1912: Awarded the Symons Memorial Gold Medal by the Royal Meteorological Society of London
  • 1916: Awarded the Marcellus Hartley Medal by the National Academy of Sciences
  • 1916, Oct. 24: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Cleveland Abbe Papers, 1850-1954, (bulk 1850-1916), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Library. Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection. 1668-1983. American Philosophical Society
referencedIn William W. Coblentz Papers, 1883-1960 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIg, 1887-1891 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Letters of scientists, 1655-1973. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Merrill, George P. (George Perkins), 1854-1929. George P. Merrill correspondence and autographs, 1803-1926. Library of Congress
creatorOf Abbe, Cleveland, 1838-1916. Cleveland Abbe papers, 1850-1954 (bulk 1850-1916). Library of Congress
referencedIn Abbott Lawrence Rotch papers, 1876?-1912. Houghton Library
referencedIn Abbott Lawrence Rotch Papers, 1896-1912, (bulk 1903-1910) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Rowland, Henry Augustus, 1848-1901. Rowland (Henry Augustus) papers, 1793-1970. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
creatorOf Langley, S. P. (Samuel Pierpont), 1834-1906. S.P. Langley papers, 1866-1926. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Coblentz, William W. (William Weber), 1873-1962. William W. Coblentz papers, 1883-1960. Library of Congress
referencedIn Roberts Brothers (Boston, Mass.) Correspondence, 1882-1898, bulk 1838-1932. Columbia University. Rare Book an Manuscript Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIj, 1898-1988 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn John William Draper Family Papers, 1777-1951, (bulk 1860-1882) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Benjamin, Walter Romeyn, 1854-1943. Walter Romeyn Benjamin collection, 1823-1928. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
creatorOf Abbe, Cleveland, 1838-1916. Cleveland Abbe papers, 1892-1906. Historical Society of Washington, D.C.
referencedIn Rotch, Abbott Lawrence, 1861-1912. Abbott Lawrence Rotch papers 1896-1912 (bulk 1903-1910). Library of Congress
referencedIn University of Michigan Faculty and Staff Portraits, ca. 1860-ca. 1960 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Autograph File, A, 1518-2002. Houghton Library
creatorOf Cleveland Abbe Papers, 1850-1954, (bulk 1850-1916) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Lapham, Increase Allen, 1811-1875. Increase A. Lapham papers, 1825-1930. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Olivier, Charles P. (Charles Pollard), b. 1884. Correspondence, 1915-1962. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Brasch, Frederick E. (Frederick Edward), 1875-1967,. The Frederick E. Brasch collection of Sir Isaac Newton manuscripts and related materials on the history of scientific thought, 1684-1949. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Cleveland Abbe letters, 1873, 1897 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. Papers, 1817-1899 Yale University Library
referencedIn Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. Othniel Charles Marsh papers, 1817-1899 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary. Correspondence, 1865-1891 Smithsonian Institution Archives
referencedIn Draper, John William, 1811-1882. John William Draper family papers, 1777-1951 (bulk 1860-1882). Library of Congress
creatorOf Scientific and Personal Papers of Cleveland Abbe, 1870? - 1916 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn George P. Merrill Correspondence and Autographs, 1803-1926 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Charles P. (Charles Pollard) Olivier correspondence, 1915-1962, 1915-1962 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Abbe, Cleveland, 1838-1916. Meteorology in the United States. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
referencedIn Abbe family. Papers, 1865-1940, 1880-1925 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Coffin, James H. (James Henry), 1806-1873. James Henry Coffin Papers, 1848-1884 Smithsonian Institution Archives
referencedIn Cincinnati Observatory Records, 1842-1970, 1842-1970 University of Cincinnati, Archives and Rare Books Library
creatorOf Ward, Lester Frank, 1841-1913. Correspondence, 1865-1913, "Abbe" to "Bigler". Brown University Archives, John Hay Library
creatorOf Cincinnati Observatory (Ohio). Miscellaneous publications and manuscripts, 1868-1915. Meteorological and astronomical observations, manuscripts, and publications by Clevleand Abbe; correspondence of Professor Abbe, etc. University of Cincinnati - Main Campus, Langsam Library
creatorOf Abbe, Cleveland, 1838-1916. Cleveland Abbe letters, 1873, 1897. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Scientists Collection, 1563-1973 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIi, 1897 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Cleveland Abbe papers, 1851-1952. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary. Correspondence, 1863-1879 Smithsonian Institution Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
parentOf Abbe, Cleveland, 1872-1934 person
memberOf Abbe family. family
correspondedWith Abbe, Robert, 1851-1928 person
correspondedWith Abbe, Truman person
parentOf Abbe, Truman, 1873-1955 person
associatedWith Abbe, Westminister S. person
associatedWith Abbey family. family
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associatedWith Armstrong, S. C. (Samuel Chapman), 1839-1893. person
associatedWith Arts Club of Washington (Washington, D.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Bache, Alexander Dallas person
associatedWith Bache, Nancy (Mrs. A. D.) person
correspondedWith Baird, Spencer F. person
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 person
associatedWith Barroeta, Gregorio person
associatedWith Barrveta, G., Dr. person
associatedWith Benjamin, Walter Romeyn, 1854-1943. person
correspondedWith Bessels, Emil person
correspondedWith Bickmore, Albert S. (Albert Smith), 1839-1914 person
correspondedWith Billings, John S. person
correspondedWith Blevett, W. J. person
correspondedWith Blewett, W. J. person
associatedWith Brasch, Frederick E. (Frederick Edward), 1875-1967, person
associatedWith Brünnow, Franz Friedrich Ernst, 1821-1891 person
associatedWith Caldwell, Timothy person
associatedWith California corporateBody
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
associatedWith Cincinnati Observatory corporateBody
employeeOf Cincinnati Observatory (Ohio) corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf City University of New York. City College corporateBody
correspondedWith Coblentz, William W. (William Weber), 1873-1962. person
associatedWith Coffin, James Henry person
correspondedWith Coffin, James H. (James Henry), 1806-1873 person
associatedWith Comstock, George C. (George Cary), 1855-1934. person
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
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correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
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correspondedWith Draper, John C. (John Christopher), 1835-1885 person
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associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
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associatedWith Ferrel, William, 1837-1891. person
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associatedWith Flugel, Felix person
associatedWith Gedney, Joseph F. person
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
correspondedWith Gibbs, Wolcott, 1822-1908 person
associatedWith Glavnai︠a︡ astronomicheskai︠a︡ observatorii︠a︡ (Pulkovo, Russia) corporateBody
associatedWith Goode, G. Brown (George Brown), 1851-1896. person
associatedWith Gould, Benjamin Apthorp person
correspondedWith Gould, Benjamin Apthorp, 1824-1896 person
associatedWith Granger, Gideon, 1767-1822 person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
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correspondedWith Hall, Asaph, 1829-1907 person
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correspondedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878 person
associatedWith Hilgard, Julius Erasmus person
correspondedWith Holmes, J. C. person
correspondedWith Holt, Joseph person
associatedWith Houston, Edwin J. (Edwin James), 1847-1914. person
associatedWith Huff, J. W. person
correspondedWith Jenkins, Thornton A. person
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associatedWith Langley, S. P. (Samuel Pierpont), 1834-1906. person
correspondedWith Lapham, Increase Allen person
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correspondedWith Leech, Daniel person
associatedWith Leverrier, U. J. J. person
correspondedWith Lewis, J. N. person
associatedWith Margules, Max, 1856-1920. person
associatedWith Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. person
associatedWith Mather, W. W. person
associatedWith Maury, Matthew F. person
associatedWith Maynard, Mr. person
correspondedWith Mclain, R. T. person
associatedWith Meek, Fielding B. person
associatedWith Mendenhall, Thomas C. (Thomas Corwin), 1841-1924. person
correspondedWith Merrill, George P. (George Perkins), 1854-1929. person
associatedWith Michigan Historical Collections corporateBody
associatedWith Mitchel, Ormsby Mcknight person
associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831 person
associatedWith Myer, Albert James, 1829-1880. person
honoredBy National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) corporateBody
founderOf National Geographic Society (U.S.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Newcomb, Simon, 1835-1909 person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith Nichols, E. L. (Edward Leamington), 1854-1937. person
associatedWith Olivier, Charles P. (Charles Pollard), b. 1884. person
correspondedWith Packard, A. S. (Alpheus Spring), 1839-1905 person
associatedWith Paine, Halbert E. person
correspondedWith Peirce, Benjamin, 1809-1880 person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
correspondedWith Public Printer's Office corporateBody
associatedWith Pupin, Michael Idvorsky, 1854-1935. person
correspondedWith Randle, E. H. person
associatedWith Redfield, William C. person
correspondedWith Rhees, William J. person
correspondedWith Ripley, George person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Roberts Brothers (Boston, Mass.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Rotch, Abbott Lawrence, 1861-1912. person
associatedWith Rowland, Henry Augustus, 1848-1901. person
honoredBy Royal Meteorological Society (Great Britain) corporateBody
associatedWith Royal Society corporateBody
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
correspondedWith Rutherford, Lewis M. person
correspondedWith Safford, Truman Henry, 1836-1901 person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Schott, Charles A. (Charles Anthony), 1826-1901. person
correspondedWith Schott, Charles Anthony person
associatedWith Schuster, Arthur, Sir, 1851-1934. person
correspondedWith Searle, G. M. (George Mary), 1839-1918 person
associatedWith Selfridge, Capt. person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
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associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
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correspondedWith Storer, Francis Humphreys person
correspondedWith Struve, Otto, 1819-1905 person
associatedWith Struve, Otto V. person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
associatedWith United States. Army. Signal Corps corporateBody
associatedWith United States Coast Survey. corporateBody
employeeOf United States. Naval Observatory corporateBody
employeeOf United States. Weather Bureau corporateBody
employeeOf University of Michigan. corporateBody
associatedWith Ward, Lester Frank, 1841-1913. person
associatedWith Warner Observatory (Rochester, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
correspondedWith Watson, James C. (James Craig), 1838-1880 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith Western Meteorological Association corporateBody
associatedWith Woeikoff, Alexander D. person
associatedWith Woodruff, Lum person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Chevy Chase MD US
New York City NY US
Subject
Scientific expeditions--Africa, West
Astronomy
Meteorologists--Archives
Astronomical observatories--Russia (Federation)--Pulkovo
Weather forecasting--History--Sources
Historic buildings
Astronomers--Archives
Hurricanes--19th century
Weather--Maps
Longitude
Climatology--Study and teaching--19th century
Scientific expeditions
Meteorologists--Biography
Weather
Meteorology--History--Sources
Climatology--Study and teaching--History--Sources
Meteorology
Meteorology--History
Eclipses
Astronomical observatories
Occupation
Meteorologists
Astronomers
Activity

Person

Active

Birth 1838-12-03

Death 1916-10-28

Americans

English

Information

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