Abbe, Cleveland, 1838-1916

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Astronomer and meteorologist.

From the description of Cleveland Abbe papers, 1850-1954 (bulk 1850-1916). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71130912


From the description of Cleveland Abbe papers, 1892-1906. (Historical Society of Washington, Dc). WorldCat record id: 70939748

Biographical Note: Cleveland Abbe, astronomer and meteorologist, was the first, regular, official weather forecaster of the U.S. government and was an avid supporter of research in atmospheric physics.

He was born in 1838 in New York city. Abbe was a graduate of City College of New York, 1857; and spent 1864-1866 at Pulkov, Russia with astronomer, Otto Struve. A national weather service was authorized in 1870 and Abbe devoted the rest of his career to that service. Abbe arranged with Daniel Coit Gilman to establish a course of study in Meteorology at the JHU. Abbe lectured on Climatology and gave his private library of 2500 volumes to the JHU in 1898. Cleveland Abbe died in Washington D.C. in 1916.

From the description of Cleveland Abbe papers, 1851-1952. (Johns Hopkins University). WorldCat record id: 48394883

Biographical Note

  • 1838, Dec. 2: Born, New York, N.Y.
  • 1857: B.A., College of the City of New York, New York, N.Y.
  • 1859 - 1860 : Taught engineering at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. Studied astronomy under Franz Brünnow
  • 1860: M.A., College of the City of New York, New York, N.Y.
  • 1861 - 1864 : Assisted Benjamin Apthorp Gould on longitude determinations for the United States Coast Survey
  • 1864 - 1866 : Guest astronomer, Observatory of Pulkovo, Russia
  • 1867 - 1868 : Aid, United States Naval Observatory
  • 1868 - 1873 : Director, Cincinnati Observatory, Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1869: Began publishing daily weather reports for the Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce
  • 1870: Married Frances Martha Neal (died 1908)
  • 1871 - 1916 : Meteorologist, United States Signal Corps and the United States Weather Bureau
  • 1884 - 1916 : Professor of meteorology, Columbian (George Washington) University, Washington, D.C.
  • 1895 - 1916 : Lecturer on meteorology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md.
  • 1906: Awarded the Franklin Medal by the American Philosophical Society
  • 1909: Married Margaret Augusta Percival
  • 1912: Awarded the Symons Memorial Gold Medal by the Royal Meteorological Society of London
  • 1916: Awarded the Marcellus Hartley Medal by the National Academy of Sciences
  • 1916, Oct. 24: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Cleveland Abbe Papers, 1850-1954, (bulk 1850-1916), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Library. Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection. 1668-1983. American Philosophical Society
referencedIn George P. Merrill Correspondence and Autographs, 1803-1926 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIg, 1887-1891 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Letters of scientists, 1655-1973. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Abbott Lawrence Rotch papers, 1876?-1912. Houghton Library
referencedIn Rowland, Henry Augustus, 1848-1901. Rowland (Henry Augustus) papers, 1793-1970. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
creatorOf Langley, S. P. (Samuel Pierpont), 1834-1906. S.P. Langley papers, 1866-1926. Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Century Company records New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn William W. Coblentz Papers, 1883-1960 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Benjamin, Walter Romeyn, 1854-1943. Walter Romeyn Benjamin collection, 1823-1928. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Abbott Lawrence Rotch Papers, 1896-1912, (bulk 1903-1910) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Cleveland Abbe Papers, 1850-1954, (bulk 1850-1916) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Brasch, Frederick E. (Frederick Edward), 1875-1967,. The Frederick E. Brasch collection of Sir Isaac Newton manuscripts and related materials on the history of scientific thought, 1684-1949. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Cleveland Abbe letters, 1873, 1897 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. Papers, 1817-1899 Yale University Library
referencedIn Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. Othniel Charles Marsh papers, 1817-1899 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary. Correspondence, 1865-1891 Smithsonian Institution Archives
referencedIn Charles P. (Charles Pollard) Olivier correspondence, 1915-1962, 1915-1962 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Abbe, Cleveland, 1838-1916. Meteorology in the United States. United States. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
referencedIn Abbe family. Papers, 1865-1940, 1880-1925 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Cincinnati Observatory Records, 1842-1970, 1842-1970 University of Cincinnati, Archives and Rare Books Library
creatorOf Ward, Lester Frank, 1841-1913. Correspondence, 1865-1913, "Abbe" to "Bigler". Brown University Archives, John Hay Library
creatorOf Cincinnati Observatory (Ohio). Miscellaneous publications and manuscripts, 1868-1915. Meteorological and astronomical observations, manuscripts, and publications by Clevleand Abbe; correspondence of Professor Abbe, etc. University of Cincinnati - Main Campus, Langsam Library
creatorOf Abbe, Cleveland, 1838-1916. Cleveland Abbe letters, 1873, 1897. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Scientists Collection, 1563-1973 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIi, 1897 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Cleveland Abbe papers, 1851-1952. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary. Correspondence, 1863-1879 Smithsonian Institution Archives
referencedIn Roberts Brothers (Boston, Mass.) Correspondence, 1882-1898, bulk 1838-1932. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIj, 1898-1988 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Abbe, Cleveland, 1838-1916. Cleveland Abbe papers, 1892-1906. Historical Society of Washington, D.C.
referencedIn University of Michigan Faculty and Staff Portraits, ca. 1860-ca. 1960 Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Autograph File, A, 1518-2002. Houghton Library
referencedIn Lapham, Increase Allen, 1811-1875. Increase A. Lapham papers, 1825-1930. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Olivier, Charles P. (Charles Pollard), b. 1884. Correspondence, 1915-1962. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn John William Draper Family Papers, 1777-1951, (bulk 1860-1882) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Scientific and Personal Papers of Cleveland Abbe, 1870? - 1916 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Coffin, James H. (James Henry), 1806-1873. James Henry Coffin Papers, 1848-1884 Smithsonian Institution Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
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memberOf Abbe family. family
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correspondedWith Abbe, Truman person
parentOf Abbe, Truman, 1873-1955 person
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associatedWith Armstrong, S. C. (Samuel Chapman), 1839-1893. person
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correspondedWith Baird, Spencer F. person
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correspondedWith Coblentz, William W. (William Weber), 1873-1962. person
associatedWith Coffin, James Henry person
correspondedWith Coffin, James H. (James Henry), 1806-1873 person
associatedWith Comstock, George C. (George Cary), 1855-1934. person
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associatedWith Glavnai︠a︡ astronomicheskai︠a︡ observatorii︠a︡ (Pulkovo, Russia) corporateBody
associatedWith Goode, G. Brown (George Brown), 1851-1896. person
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associatedWith Houston, Edwin J. (Edwin James), 1847-1914. person
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correspondedWith Lapham, Increase Allen person
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correspondedWith Leech, Daniel person
associatedWith Leverrier, U. J. J. person
correspondedWith Lewis, J. N. person
associatedWith Margules, Max, 1856-1920. person
associatedWith Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. person
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associatedWith Maury, Matthew F. person
associatedWith Maynard, Mr. person
correspondedWith Mclain, R. T. person
associatedWith Meek, Fielding B. person
associatedWith Mendenhall, Thomas C. (Thomas Corwin), 1841-1924. person
correspondedWith Merrill, George P. (George Perkins), 1854-1929. person
associatedWith Michigan Historical Collections corporateBody
associatedWith Mitchel, Ormsby Mcknight person
associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831 person
associatedWith Myer, Albert James, 1829-1880. person
honoredBy National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) corporateBody
founderOf National Geographic Society (U.S.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Newcomb, Simon, 1835-1909 person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith Nichols, E. L. (Edward Leamington), 1854-1937. person
associatedWith Olivier, Charles P. (Charles Pollard), b. 1884. person
correspondedWith Packard, A. S. (Alpheus Spring), 1839-1905 person
associatedWith Paine, Halbert E. person
correspondedWith Peirce, Benjamin, 1809-1880 person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
correspondedWith Public Printer's Office corporateBody
associatedWith Pupin, Michael Idvorsky, 1854-1935. person
correspondedWith Randle, E. H. person
associatedWith Redfield, William C. person
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correspondedWith Ripley, George person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Roberts Brothers (Boston, Mass.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Rotch, Abbott Lawrence, 1861-1912. person
associatedWith Rowland, Henry Augustus, 1848-1901. person
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associatedWith Royal Society corporateBody
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
correspondedWith Rutherford, Lewis M. person
correspondedWith Safford, Truman Henry, 1836-1901 person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Schott, Charles A. (Charles Anthony), 1826-1901. person
correspondedWith Schott, Charles Anthony person
associatedWith Schuster, Arthur, Sir, 1851-1934. person
correspondedWith Searle, G. M. (George Mary), 1839-1918 person
associatedWith Selfridge, Capt. person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
correspondedWith Smithsonian Institution corporateBody
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
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correspondedWith Storer, Francis Humphreys person
correspondedWith Struve, Otto, 1819-1905 person
associatedWith Struve, Otto V. person
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associatedWith Ward, Lester Frank, 1841-1913. person
associatedWith Warner Observatory (Rochester, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
correspondedWith Watson, James C. (James Craig), 1838-1880 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith Western Meteorological Association corporateBody
associatedWith Woeikoff, Alexander D. person
associatedWith Woodruff, Lum person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Chevy Chase MD US
New York City NY US
Astronomical observatories
Astronomical observatories
Historic buildings
Scientific expeditions
Scientific expeditions
Weather forecasting



Birth 1838-12-03

Death 1916-10-28





Ark ID: w6010sb5

SNAC ID: 85280301