Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790

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Benjamin Franklin FRS FRSA FRSE (January 17, 1706 [O.S. January 6, 1706] – April 17, 1790) was an American polymath who was active as a writer, scientist, inventor, statesman, diplomat, printer, publisher and political philosopher. Among the leading intellectuals of his time, Franklin was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, a drafter and signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, and the first United States postmaster general. As a scientist, he was a major figure in the American Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity. As an inventor, he is known for the lightning rod, bifocals, and the Franklin stove, among other inventions. He founded many civic organizations, including the Library Company, Philadelphia's first fire department, and the University of Pennsylvania. Franklin earned the title of "The First American" for his early and indefatigable campaigning for colonial unity, initially as an author and spokesman in London for several colonies. As the first United States ambassador to France, he exemplified the emerging American nation. Franklin was foundational in defining the American ethos as a marriage of the practical values of thrift, hard work, education, community spirit, self-governing institutions, and opposition to authoritarianism both political and religious, with the scientific and tolerant values of the Enlightenment. In the words of historian Henry Steele Commager, "In Franklin could be merged the virtues of Puritanism without its defects, the illumination of the Enlightenment without its heat." Franklin has been called "the most accomplished American of his age and the most influential in inventing the type of society America would become."

Franklin became a successful newspaper editor and printer in Philadelphia, the leading city in the colonies, publishing the Pennsylvania Gazette at age 23. He became wealthy publishing this and Poor Richard's Almanack, which he authored under the pseudonym "Richard Saunders". After 1767, he was associated with the Pennsylvania Chronicle, a newspaper that was known for its revolutionary sentiments and criticisms of the policies of the British Parliament and the Crown.

He pioneered and was the first president of Academy and College of Philadelphia, which opened in 1751 and later became the University of Pennsylvania. He organized and was the first secretary of the American Philosophical Society and was elected president in 1769. Franklin became a national hero in America as an agent for several colonies when he spearheaded an effort in London to have the Parliament of Great Britain repeal the unpopular Stamp Act. An accomplished diplomat, he was widely admired among the French as American minister to Paris and was a major figure in the development of positive Franco–American relations. His efforts proved vital for the American Revolution in securing shipments of crucial munitions from France.

He was promoted to deputy postmaster-general for the British colonies on August 10, 1753, having been Philadelphia postmaster for many years, and this enabled him to set up the first national communications network. He was active in community affairs and colonial and state politics, as well as national and international affairs. From 1785 to 1788, he served as governor of Pennsylvania. He initially owned and dealt in slaves but by the late 1750s, he began arguing against slavery, became an abolitionist, and promoted education and the integration of African Americans into U.S. society.

His life and legacy of scientific and political achievement, and his status as one of America's most influential Founding Fathers, have seen Franklin honored more than two centuries after his death on the $100 bill, warships, and the names of many towns, counties, educational institutions, and corporations, as well as numerous cultural references and with a portrait in the Oval Office.

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creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letters: London, to Messrs. Thomson & Mifflin, Philadelphia, 1769 Jan 5 and Jan 27. Amherst College
referencedIn Bache, Benjamin Franklin, 1769-1798. Papers, 1779-1793. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn J. J. S. Epitaphs selected from various quarters by I. I. S., 1856. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Autograph letter signed : London, to his son, 1767 Mar. 19. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn David Hartley papers, [ca. 1770-1784], Circa 1770-1784 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Sewall, Joseph, 1795-1851. Papers, 1762-1907. Gadsden Public Library
referencedIn American Physical Society. Meeting (1976 : Washington, D.C.). Bicentennial session on the history of pioneering American physicists [sound recording] / 1976 April 28. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Deposition : Philadelphia : manuscript, 1788 June 16. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Vaughan, John, 1755-1841. Papers, 1768 - ca. 1936 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Rush, Benjamin, 1745-1813. Travels through life: or an account of sundry incidents and events in the life of Benjamin Rush...written for the use of his children, [1800]. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn International Benjamin Franklin Society, Inc. (Chicago, Ill.). [Miscellaneous pamphlets, etc.]. Chicago History Museum
creatorOf Smith, James, 1719-1806. LS, 1775 Oct. 4, York, Pa., to Benjamin Franklin, Owen Biddle, and the Pennsylvania Committee of Safety, Philadelphia. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Rogers, Bruce, 1870-1957. Letters, 1953 August 23 and 1954 August 14, Danbury, Conn., to Chauncey Tinker, [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letters to Cadwallader Colden and Rev. George Whitfield, 1744, 1753. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
referencedIn John Holker Papers, 1777-1822 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Leycester, Robert. Electricity [and] magnetism. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Pennsylvania. Lieutenant Governor (1754-1756 : Morris). Report : Philadelphia, to the Governor of Pennsylvania [Robert H. Morris], 1756 June 14. Newberry Library
referencedIn Benjamin Franklin Papers Part 12 -- Letters from Franklin, 1733-1789 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Bache Papers-Castle Collection, 1766-1946. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Pepper, George Wharton, 1867-1961. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1906-1951. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Williams family. Papers, 1710-1895. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Autograph note signed : to W. Strahan, 1780 Jan. 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Royal Society (Great Britain) miscellaneous correspondence and documents, [ca. 1642-1818], Circa 1642-1818 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Musical compositions, late 18th century, Circa 1775-1800 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Hopkinson family. Papers, 1735-1941 (bulk 1800-1841) Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Franklin, Benjamin, 1650-1727. Notebooks, 1666-1725; c. 1783. Gadsden Public Library
creatorOf Rosenbach, A. S. W. (Abraham Simon Wolf), 1876-1952,. Signers of the Declaration of Independence autograph collection, 1756-1818. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827. Letterbooks, 1767-1827. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Atkinson, Theodore, 1697-1779. Papers of Theodore Atkinson, 1724-1754. Library of Congress
creatorOf Benjamin Franklin Papers Part 3 -- Letters to Franklin, 1778 April-December American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Bell, Whitfield J. (Whitfield Jenks). American manuscripts, 1703-1806, from the British Museum. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn U.S. History mss., 1612-1977 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Autograph letter signed : London, to M. Le Roy, 1769 Jan. 31. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Benjamin Franklin papers 1773-1876. Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
referencedIn Boston Public Library. Correspondence : with Carl Zigrosser, 1957-1971. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Benjamin Franklin collection, [17--?-19--?]. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Selected materials relating to America, 1754-1806, 1754-1806 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Hartley, David, ca. 1731-1813. Papers, [ca. 1770-1784]. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Fussell, Solomon, d. 1762. Chair, ca. 1748. Winterthur Library
referencedIn Almanacs collection 1663-1956. Rutgers University
creatorOf Sackville, George Germain, Viscount, 1716-1785. George Sackville Germain papers, 1683-1785. William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Royal Society of Arts (Great Britain). Selected materials relating to America, 1754-1806. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn John Perkins papers, [ca. 1768-1779]., Circa 1768-1779 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn John DePol Collection, 1935-1996 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn Morgan, John, 1735-1789. Correspondence, 1763-1788. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Draper, John William, 1811-1882. John William Draper family papers, 1777-1951 (bulk 1860-1882). Library of Congress
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Papers, 1743-1786. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter to Samuel Cooper : Paris : ALS, 1778 Feb. 27. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Dos Passos, John, 1896-1970. Papers of John Dos Passos [manuscript], 1896-1970. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Autograph notes. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Benjamin Franklin Papers Part 13 -- Miscellaneous Franklin Materials, 1640-1791 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Benbridge, Henry, 1743-1812. Letters [photostats], 1767-1787. Winterthur Library
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876 (bulk:1700-1800) New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Winthrop, John, 1714-1779. John Winthrop's proposal respecting electrical globes and jars, ca. 1758. Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Byles, Mather, 1707-1788. Letterbook of Mather Byles, 1727-1784. New England Historic Genealogical Society
referencedIn Williams, Stanley Thomas, 1888-1956. Stanley Thomas Williams Papers, 1921-1955. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Jonathan Williams Papers, 1763-1802 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Jared Sparks selected papers, 1819-1863 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. ALS : London, Eng., to the Pennsylvania Committee of Correspondence, 1766 April 12. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Vaughan, Benjamin, 1751-1835. Papers, 1746-1900 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn George Bancroft collection, 1606-1887 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. ALS, 1781 September 13 : Passy, to Richard Bache. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Bell, Whitfield J. (Whitfield Jenks). Western Reserve Historical Society Franklin collection. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Marchant, Henry, 1741-1796. Diary, 1771-1772. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Rose, William Wallace, 1889-1969. Papers, 1889-1969. Andover-Harvard Theological Library
referencedIn Hazard family. Papers, 1770-1818. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn James H. Hyde Collection of Allegorical Prints of the Four Continents, [ca. 1500-ca. 1900] (bulk 1600-1800) New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Witherspoon, John, 1723-1794. Papers, 1766-1784. New Jersey Historical Society Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter, 1768 March 22, London, to Benjamin Rush, Edinburgh. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Porter, Horace, 1837-1921. Papers, 1923. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Holker, John, 1745-1822. Papers of John Holker, 1777-1822. Library of Congress
referencedIn Harwood Family Papers, 1767-1940, (bulk 1767-1890) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Alembert, Jean Le Rond d', 1717-1783. Letter, [n.d. July 25], Paris, to [Benjamin] Franklin. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Reports on Benjamin Franklin's houses, 1960-1961, 1960-1961 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Peale-Sellers family collection, 1686-1963 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Adams, John, 1735-1826. Cheever-Davis Papers, 1761-1778. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Duane family. Papers, 1770-1933. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Papers, 1748-1790. American Antiquarian Society
referencedIn Carey, Mathew, 1760-1839. Letterbooks, 1788-1794. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Indiana Company. Records, 1775-1779. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Smith, J. Jay (John Jay), 1798-1881. Letter : Philadelphia, [Pa.], to James Monroe, 1846 Oct. 27. Newberry Library
referencedIn Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts, 1656-1995, (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn James Manning papers, Manning (James) papers, 1761-1827, (bulk 1765-1791) John Hay Library
referencedIn West, Benjamin, 1738-1820,. American commissioners of the preliminary peace negotations with Great Britain [photograph], [ca. 1845-1855]. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1732. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Autograph File, L, 1641-1976. Houghton Library
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume XII, Miscellany, 1769-1838. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Newhall family. Business papers. Independence Seaport Museum
creatorOf Courtenay, Bentley,. Papers collected by Bentley Courtenay [manuscript], 1775-1805. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. LS, (retained draft), 1779 October 25, Passy, to his sister. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Bowen, Catherine Drinker, 1897-1973. Catherine Drinker Bowen papers, 1793-1980 (bulk 1934-1972). Library of Congress
referencedIn Goeble, Margaret. Margaret Goeble scrapbooks, 1894-1908 / compiled by Margaret Goeble. Lancaster County Historical Society
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Guide to microfilm edition of Benjamin Franklin's account books. Gadsden Public Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Papers. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Savage family. Papers, 1758-1893. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Autograph File, C, 1554-2002. Houghton Library
creatorOf Gerry family. Gerry family papers, 1737-1955. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790,. Lottery tickets, 1748. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Virginia Dadswell Sturm Collection on the Glass Harmonica, 1926-1977 Corning Museum of Glass. Rakow Research Library
referencedIn Bigelow, John, 1817-1911. Correspondence, 1888-1906. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1790 April 27, New York, [New York] to [William] Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Foy, M. de vicomte,. Foy collection, 1784-1790. Library of Congress
creatorOf To the freeholders and freemen, 1727 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Trusler, John, 1735-1820. Memoirs, part 2, circa 1810. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
referencedIn Henry A. Willard II Collection, 1743-1888, (bulk 1770-1840) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Laurens, John, 1754-1782. John Laurens papers, 1777-1781. South Carolina Historical Society
creatorOf Cassel-Wronker, Lili, 1924-. A lament for the small book : with excerpts from a letter by Benjamin Franklin of 1785 and excerpts from an essay by Herbert S. Bailey, Jr., of 1959 : production material. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
creatorOf Wolcott, Roger, 1847-1900. Roger Wolcott autograph collection, 1728-1878. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Autograph letter (in the third person) : Passy, to the Marquis de Lotbinière, 1778 Mar. 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Thomas Gage papers 1754-1807 1759-1775 Gage, Thomas, papers William L. Clements Library
creatorOf United States. Continental Congress. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1776-1778. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn George Sackville Germain papers 1683-1785 Germain, George Sackville papers William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Provincial delegates letters, 1754-1829. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Houdon, Jean Antoine, 1741-1828. Bust of Benjamin Franklin [object]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. On the influence of physical causes on the moral faculty : manuscript, 1786. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn The Virgil Thomson Papers, 1804-1990 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library
referencedIn Jones, John Paul, 1747-1792. Typescript, [19--]. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Duane, William J. (William John), 1780-1865. Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to Virgil David, n.p., 1836 Apr. 22. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Jan Ingenhousz letterbook, 1774-1793, 1774-1793 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Charles Thomson Papers, 1765-1888, (bulk 1765-1818) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Miscellaneous Benjamin Franklin Collections, 1710-1822 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Pierres, Philippe-Denis, 1741-1808. [Letters written to Benjamin Franklin, May 7, 1777-September 10, 1785] Newberry Library
referencedIn Penrose, Charles, 1886-1958. Charles Penrose letters, 1934-1940. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Benjamin Franklin Papers Part 1 -- Letters to Franklin, 1730-1776 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter : London, to Tuthill Hubbard, 27 Sept. 1774. Natural History Museum Los Angeles County Foundation, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
referencedIn Beccaria, Giambatista, 1716-1781. Papers, 1766-1779. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Frailey, Paul M. Franklin the boy : (a radio manuscript) / by Paul M. Frailey. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume VIII, miscellany, 1776-1816. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Lewis, John Frederick, 1860-1932. [John Frederick Lewis portrait collection] -- 1750-1942. Free Library of Philadelphia, Parkway Central Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, [Autograph manuscript signed], 1771-1789. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Winthrop, Robert C. (Robert Charles), 1809-1894. Letter, 1856 August 5, Nahant, Mass., to James T. Fields. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter : to an unknown woman, [17--]. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Bache family. Papers, 1770-1890 (bulk), 1770-1923 (inclusive). American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Ledgers and accounts, 1791-1870, of Benjamin Franklin's legacy to the city of Philadelphia. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Autograph letters signed (11) : to Peter Collinson, 1747 Aug. 14-1764 Sept. 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Benjamin Franklin Portrait Collection (Boston Public Library). Benjamin Franklin portrait collection [art original]. Boston Public Library, Central Library in Copley Square
referencedIn Tomes, Margot. What's the big idea, Ben Franklin? : production material. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn George Washington papers, 1592-1943 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Scudder, Horace Elisha, 1838-1902. Letters of Horace Elisha Scudder [manuscript], 1883-1892. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Price, Richard, 1723-1791. Papers, 1767-1789. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Pattin, John. Papers, 1754. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Manuscript, 1751. Brooklyn College
referencedIn David Thomas Pottinger papers, 1922-1952. Houghton Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter, 1772 December 8 [n.p.], to Lord Dartmouth [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn University of California Printing Services. University of California Printing Services records, circa 1932-2010. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Temple, Nelson, Lloyd, Vassall, and Borland family papers, 1611-1862 (bulk 1700-1831) Houghton Library
referencedIn Pamphlets on Benjamin Franklin, from the Aldine collection. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Hewson family. Papers, 1761-1844. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter, 1775 May 6, Philadelphia, Pa., to David Hartley. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Books and pamphlets, 1973-1993. Houghton Library
referencedIn Boswell's Life of Johnson : including Boswell's Journal of a tour to the Hebrides and Johnson's Diary of a journey into North Wales, edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1464-1897 (inclusive), 1724-1874 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn 250th Anniversary of Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), 1956 Edinburgh University Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Document. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn St. John de Crèvecoeur, J. Hector, 1735-1813. Papers of J. Hector St. John de Crèvecoeur, 1784-1798. Library of Congress
referencedIn Addition to the Prints Collection None., 1718-1945 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letterbooks, 1789-1866 Houghton Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. [Captain Maclean releasement from his parole, 1783 January 14]. New England Historic Genealogical Society
creatorOf Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984. Autograph collection, 1446-2001. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Autograph File, D, 1586-1975. Houghton Library
referencedIn Sunde, Karen. Balloon : typescript, 1985. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn David Hall: Printing partner of Benjamin Franklin, 1963, 1963 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. ALS, 1786 November 26 : Philadelphia, to Dr. Bancroft. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Cosey, Joseph, b. 1887. Forgeries collection, ca. 1850-ca. 1950. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Bartram, John, 1699-1777. Correspondence, 1735-1775. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Saint James School collection, 1777-1847. Library of Congress
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Benjamin Franklin collection, 1753-1771. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter, 1750 April 12, Boston, to Mrs. Abiah Franklin, Philadelphia. Boston Athenaeum
creatorOf Price, Richard, 1723-1791. Papers, 1753-1791. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Harris Family Papers, 1711-1909 (bulk 1792-1853) Cambridge Historical Society
referencedIn William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of Shelburne papers 1665-1885 Shelburne, William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of, papers William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Fritz, Jean. What's the big idea, Ben Franklin? : production material, [1976?]. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
creatorOf Molovinsky, Lemuel. Quest for equity, taxation and the great war for empire in colonial Pennsylvania 1982 [manuscript] Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
referencedIn Nicolas Slonimsky Collection, 1873-1997, (bulk 1920-1990) Library of Congress. Music Division
referencedIn Hawke, David F. David F. Hawke and Michael O. Shannon manuscripts [ca. 1970-1981] Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn George Washington papers, 1694-1932 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Benjamin Franklin Bicentennial Medals National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Conkey, Albert B. From the writings of Benjamin Franklin : in three movements for chorus and orchestra / Albert B. Conkey. Free Library of Philadelphia, Parkway Central Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Signed report : to Gov. Clinton of New York, 1786 Jun. 1. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Markham, Edwin, 1852-1940. Letter 1906 May 10, Staten Island [to] Mr. Oberholtzer and the other good fellows of the Franklin Inn Club, Unknown / Edwin Markham. Wagner College, Horrmann Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Autograph letter signed : Passy, to M. Durival, 1781 May 25. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Works and correspondence, 1779, 1781, 1906. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Loudoun, John Campbell, Earl of, 1705-1782. Loudoun papers : Americana, 1682-1780 (bulk 1755-1758). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Personal papers, 1808-1866 Houghton Library
creatorOf Cooper, Samuel, 1725-1783. Samuel Cooper papers, 1775-1895. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Deane, Silas, 1737-1789. Silas Deane papers, 1775-1784. Library of Congress
referencedIn Hunter, Warren Clair, 1895-. The Medical side of Benjamin Franklin / by Warren C. Hunter. Oregon Health & Science University Library, OHSU Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Scrapbook, 1868-1906. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Barnes, James, 1866-1936,. Papers of the Cocke Family 1776-1963 (1810-1929). University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Short hints towards a scheme for a general union of the British colonies on the continent : manuscript, 1754 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815. Selected papers, 1771-1813. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Marat, Jean Paul, 1743-1793. Letter, 1782 March 1, [Paris], to [Benjamin Franklin, Paris]. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter, 1749-1750. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Philadelphia (Pa.). City Council. Petitions to the Council of Philadelphia, 1783-1868, bulk 1800-1821. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. On the influence of physical causes on the moral faculty : manuscript, 1786. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Jones, Noble Wimberly, d. 1805. Papers, 1766-1811. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Cappon, Lester Jesse, 1900-1981. Papers, 1809-1981, 1923-1981. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Franklin, William Temple, 1760-1823. Appointment books ; diaries, 1785-1803. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter, 1781 April 19, Passy, France. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Letters to Samuel Cooper Johonnot, 1782-1783. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Farrand, Max, 1869-1945. Papers of Max Farrand, 1816-1947. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Cushing, Erastus, 1802-1893. Papers of Erastus and Henry Kirke Cushing, 1808-1907. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Benjamin Franklin Papers, 1730-1791 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Bauer, John J. C., 1888-1981. Penmanship book, 1900-1929. Frankenmuth Historical Association
referencedIn Franklin and Canada, 1932, 1932 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Peale-Sellers families. Correspondence, 1686-1963. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume V, Miscellany, 1764-1792. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Pringle, John, Sir, 1707-1782. Letter, [n.d., Jan 12, n.p.], to Dr. Franklin, [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn [Benjamin Franklin statue, City Hall, Boston, Mass.] [Boston City Hospital] [graphic]. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Wills, 1790-1822, of signers of the Declaration of Independence, 1790-1822 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Mazzei, Filippo, 1730-1816. Papers, 1730-1922 (inclusive), 1780-1816 (bulk). American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Carson, Marian S.,. Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts (continuation record), 1656-1995 (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress
referencedIn Mays, Victor, 1927-. The kite that won the Revolution : production material, ca. 1963. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
creatorOf Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792. Arthur Lee papers, 1741-1882 (inclusive), 1766-1787 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Hughes, John. Papers, 1725-1818. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Electrologia, ca. 1785. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Pennington, Thomas. Directions for casting and hanging of bells [manuscript], 1665-1707. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Bill of receipt : Philadelphia, to Misters Darling and Whiting, February 12, 1754. University of Massachusetts at Boston, Healey Library
referencedIn Pennsylvania. Supreme Executive Council. The Supreme Executive Council of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania to all to whom these presents shall come, greeting : know ye that in consideration of the monies paid ... there is granted ... unto the said Samuel Pleasants a certain tract of land called Walnut Grove, 1787 June 1. Newberry Library
referencedIn Solly, Dora (Rackett), fl. ca. 1838,. Autograph letter signed from Dora Solly to [a lecturer in music] [manuscript], [ca. 1838] June 5. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Sir Hans Sloane, Baronet: Original correspondence, chronologically arranged: 17th-18th centt.includes:f. 1 Jean François Le Feure, MD: Letters to Sir H. Sloane: 1723, and n.d.: Fr.f. 3 Thomas Hearne, antiquary: Letters to Sir H. Sloane: 1710-1731... British Library
referencedIn University of Pennsylvania. University Relations. News and Public Affairs. Records, 1912-1993. University of Pennsylvania, Archives & Records Center
referencedIn Wharton, William, 1790-1856. Manuscript, 5mo 10 1816. Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Autograph letter : Philadelphia, to M. le Veillard, 1787 Apr 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter to Humphrey Marshall : London : ALS, 1771 Apr. 22. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Indiana Company. Records relating to claim against Virginia, 1779-1792. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Memorable facts -- events opinions -- thots [sic] etc., 1789-1791, 1789-1791 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Franklin and Hall (Firm). Receipts : for Pennsylvania gazette (subscriptions and advertisements), 1747-1763. Bryn Mawr College, Mariam Coffin Canaday Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Selected art related letters from the Benjamin Franklin papers, 1766-1789. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Charles Willson Peale letterbooks, 1767-1827, 1767-1827 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Catharine Wistar Bache Papers, 1788-1822 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Russell, Phillips, 1884-1974. Charles Phillips Russell papers, 1861-1974 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Morellet, André, 1727-1819. Commonplace book, [n.d.]. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Military land grant, 1787. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Autograph letters (2): Cambridge, to Professor Henry Reed of Philadelphia, 1837 May 30 and 1840 Apr. 8 Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Strachey, Henry, Sir, 1736-1810. Papers, 1776-1783 : [various locations, primarily United States. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Advice to a young man on the choice of a mistress : holograph manuscript, 1745 June 25. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Belinda, see, from yonder flowers, 1777? Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Belknap, Jeremy, 1744-1798. Jeremy Belknap papers, 1637-1891, bulk: 1758-1799. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Benjamin Franklin and two unidentified men [photograph], [ca. 1850-1854]. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letters on Smoky Chimneys, 1762-1785. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Hall & Sellers shop book, 1767-1769, 1767-1769 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963. W.E.B. Du Bois papers, 1880-1963. John Hope and Aurelia E. Franklin Library. Special Collections & Archives
creatorOf Strahan, William, 1715-1785. Autograph letter in third person : New Street, to Benjamin Franklin, Saturday [no year] May 4. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Benjamin Franklin Papers Part 7 -- Letters to Franklin, 1783 January-November American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Read family. Manuscripts, 1716-1872. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Wythe, George, 1726-1806. Letter to John Page, 1776 October 7. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Harvard University Archives Photograph Collection: Portraits, ca. 1852-ca. 2004 Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn Traité de physique et de chymie, ca. 1800, Circa 1800 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn David Hall papers, 1745-1822, 1745-1822 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Ballantine, John, 1677-1735. Warrants, 1722. Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn Mayo, Lawrence Shaw, 1888-1947. Benjamin Franklin 1706-1790 : typescript, [1918?] Houghton Library
referencedIn Edward Shippen letters and papers, 1727-1781, 1727-1781 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Edison Sheet Music Collection, 1830-1958, (bulk 1890-1940) Library of Congress. Music Division
referencedIn Philip Schuyler papers, 1684-1851 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Pennsylvania Hospital (Philadelphia, Pa.). Financial records, 1724-1971 (bulk 1751-1920). Pennsylvania Hospital
referencedIn Pulteney Family Papers, 1762-1784 (University of Guelph). Correspondence addressed to Sir W. Pulteney from his two agents George Malcolm and John Maxwell, chiefly concerning management of Westerhall Estate, Dumfriesshire, 1762-1784. University of Guelph. McLaughlin Library
referencedIn Rosengarten, J. G. (Joseph George), 1835-1921. The German allied troops in the North American war of independence, and related materials, ca. 1767-1893. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Denham, Thomas, d. 1728. Ledger, 1726-1729. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Order for payment to John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg : Philadelphia : manuscript, 1787 Oct. 18. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Priestley, Joseph, 1733-1804. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1773, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Benezet, Anthony, 1713-1784. Documents relating to the Delaware and Seneca Indians, holographic copies 1763-1784. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1789 January 22, Paris, [France] to William Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873. Papers of Hiram Powers [manuscript] 1838-68. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Chew, Benjamin, 1722-1810. Authorization : Chester, Pa., to James Marshall, 1766 July 1. Bryn Mawr College, Mariam Coffin Canaday Library
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume II, miscellany, 1755-1831. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Historical manuscripts collection, 1347-1969, bulk: 1775-1885 Free Library of Philadelphia: Rare Book Department
referencedIn Coombe family. Papers, 1751-1805. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. [Letters and document] / B. Franklin. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Selected papers relating to Benjamin Franklin, ca. 1819-1863 American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Indiana University Oral History Archive, 1991-1998 Indiana University, Bloomington. Center for the Study of History and Memory
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter, 1775 December 27, Philadelphia, to M. Mazzei [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn William Strahan journals and accounts, 1751-1777, 1751-1777 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter (signature cut off) : to Matthew Carey, 1786 Aug. 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn United States Sanitary Commission records. Army and Navy Claim Agency archives, 1861-1870 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Order for payment to John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg : manuscript, 1787 Oct. 18. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Wertheim, E. L. [Collection of material relating to the erection of a memorial at the Conference House, Tottenville, Staten Island.]. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Adams, John, 1735-1826. Document, 1783. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Carey, Lewis J. (Lewis James). Transcripts of historic letters, 1785-1858. University of Notre Dame, Hesburgh Library
creatorOf Lottery for Paving Philadelphia Streets. Lottery ticket, 1761. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Clark, William Bell, 1889-1968. William Bell Clark collection, 1770-1950 (bulk 1770-1794). Library of Congress
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Papers, 1747-1794. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Recueil de pieces, [17--?]. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Pennsylvania. Supreme Executive Council. [Surveyor's order, 1787] to John Lukens, Surveyor-General / B. Franklin, President of the Supreme Executive Council, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Presbyterian Historical Society, PHS
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Autograph letters signed (13) : to William Strahan, 1748-1784. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Letters and documents of signers of the Declaration of Independence, 1750-1933. Houghton Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. [Letters to Joseph Galloway, 1766-1775] [microform]. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. [Quartet for 3 violins and violoncellos, or 4 violins by Benjamin Franklin]. Eastman School of Music
referencedIn Haines & Twells. Account book, 1767-1770. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Pederson, William D. The character of Franklin and Lincoln / by William D. Pederson. LSU Shreveport - Noel Memorial Library, Noel Memorial Library
referencedIn Mills, Ogden Livingston, 1884-1937. Ogden Livingston Mills and Ruth Livingston Mills family papers, 1713-1938. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Silas Bronson Library. [Benjamin Franklin statue : memorabilia]. Bibliomation, Inc
referencedIn U.S. National Park Service. Papers relating to the Franklin house and Franklin Court, 1707-1950. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Witherspoon, John, 1723-1794. John Witherspoon papers, 1766-[ca. 1841]. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Grahame, James, 1790-1842. The note-book of James Grahame : manuscript, 1824-1835. Houghton Library
referencedIn United States. Department of State. Miscellaneous Photographs Collected by the Department of State, 1953-1988 and undated National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Willard, Henry A. (Henry Augustus), 1902-. Henry A. Willard II collection, 1743-1888 (bulk 1770-1840). Library of Congress
creatorOf Great Britain. Post Office. Philadelphia (Pa.). Records of letters sent and received, April 1765-May 1768. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letters, 1830-1856 University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Willson, George B., 1856-1929. The Masonic Homes, Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania, 1904 June 1-1913 Mar. 14 / compiled by George B. Willson. Lancaster County Historical Society
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Forged pay voucher, 1787 Sept. 5. Temple University Libraries, Paley Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Deposition : Philadelphia : manuscript, 1788 June 16. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Autograph File, A, 1518-2002. Houghton Library
referencedIn Diplomas, 1676-1799 Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn Library Company of Philadelphia,. Things left in books collection. Illustrations, Undated. Library company of Philadelphia
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Quartetto a 3 violini con violoncello / Benj. Franklin. University of North Carolina at Greensboro, University Libraries, UNCG University Libraries
referencedIn Torpedo marmorata Sur la Torpille..., ca. 1770s. (Manuscripts, [ca. 1770-1779], concerning the torpedo fish), Circa 1770-1779 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Commissions and certificates in the family of J.A. Jones 1691-1804. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Brillon de Jouy, Anne Louise Boyvin d'Hardancourt, 1744-1824. Musical compositions, late 18th century. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Observations on electricity and other natural phenomena: letter from Benjamin Franklin to John Lining, 1757. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Giambatista Beccaria Papers, 1766-1780 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Quimby, Ian M. G. Edward Duffield: artisan gentleman, 1963. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Electrologia, ca. 1785, Circa 1785 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827. Letter to Benjamin Franklin, [ca. 1780]. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Newhall brothers. Business papers 1809-1852. Independence Seaport Museum
referencedIn L'Oeil du Maitre, 1778 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume 14, Miscellany, 1784-1860. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Lowndes, Rawlins, 1721-1800. Rawlins Lowndes papers, 1773 July 9-1959, (bulk, 1773 July 9-1779 Jan. 30). University of South Carolina, System Library Service, University Libraries
referencedIn Cochran family. Cochran family papers, 1752-1814. South Carolina Historical Society
referencedIn Barchas, Cecile M.,. Portrait prints of scientists, 1473-1898. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Benjamin Franklin pay order to Robert Young : Philadelphia : DS, 1787. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Papers. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Penn, William, 1644-1718. Papers, 1654-1735. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn San Francisco Typothetae. San Francisco Typothetae speeches : holograph , 1890. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Edward S. and Mary Stillman Harkness collection, ca. 1400-1945 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Autograph letter : Cravenstreet, to Mr. Wright, Jul. 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Jared Sparks collection (1825-1860) William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Graham Arthur Barden Papers, 1934-1960 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. AL, 1779 Nov. 10, Passy, France, to Mme. Brillon. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Strahan, William, 1715-1785. Journals and accounts, 1751-1777. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Benjamin Franklin Tercentenary. Records, 1862-2008 (bulk 2001-2006). University of Pennsylvania, Archives & Records Center
referencedIn Benjamin Franklin, writer and humanist, 1962, 1962 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Schoenbrun, David. David Schoenbrun papers, 1943-1980 (bulk 1962-1980). Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Beaumarchais, Pierre Augustin Caron de, 1732-1799. [Letter] 1779 Feb. 13, Paris [to Benjamin] Franklin / Caron de Beaumarchais. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Folger, Mayhew, d. 1828. Article, undated. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Benjamin Franklin letter to Sir Alexander Dick, 1760 September 17. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Note signed : Passy, to M. Dumas, 1779 Sept. 2. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin, Baron von, 1730-1794. AM, [n.d., late 1780's?] : [s.l.]. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn McConnel, Hugh. Commonplace book of songs and poems, 1780-1787. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn David Hartley papers 1783-1785 Hartley, David papers William L. Clements Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Poor Richard's Theatricks : three short plays, two monologues and a drinking song: typescript, 1987. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter, 1788 June 1, Philadelphia, [Pa.], to [Mather Byles, Boston, Mass.]. New England Historic Genealogical Society
creatorOf Fréret, Nicolas, 1688-1749. Lettre de Trasibule à Leucippe : ouvrage critique, historique, metaphisique & tc. ou l'on nie la verité de toutes les religions, l'existence de Dieu, et l'jmmortalite de l'ame / par Mr. Freret, secretaire perpetuel de l'Academie des Inscriptions et belles lettres. Mort en 1746. Library of Congress
referencedIn Harwood family papers, 1767-1940 (bulk 1767-1890). Library of Congress
referencedIn Friends of Benjamin Franklin House papers, 1976-1983, 1976-1983 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Autograph File, M, 1648-1985. Houghton Library
creatorOf Pennsylvania. Constitutional Convention (1776). Order, 1776 Aug. 12, Philadelphia, to the Council of Safety. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Autograph File, F, 1447-1994. Houghton Library
referencedIn Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773. Papers, 1733-1771. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848. Letter, 1779 April 12, Nantes, to "Sir" [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893. Papers, 1777-1945, (bulk: 1870-1892) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Arbuthnot, Marriott, 1711?-1794,. Hamond Naval Papers, 1766-1825. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1785 May 02, Paris, [France] to [William Short], St. Germain, [France]. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Gwathmey collection, 1708-1852 University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume XII, Miscellany, 1769-1838. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Cochrane, John, 1750-1801. Autograph letter signed : London, to Sir William (Johnstone) Pulteney, 1778 Oct. 12. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn William Franklin Papers, 1757-1813 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn [A scrapbook of Benjamin Franklin : newspaper items, programs, pictures, etc. / collected and mounted by Mrs. J.H. Porter.]. Rollins College, Olin Library
referencedIn Temple, Nelson, Lloyd, Vassall, and Borland family papers, 1611-1862 (bulk 1700-1831) Houghton Library
referencedIn Dwight, Theodore Frelinghuysen, 1846-1917. Theodore F. Dwight papers, 1660-1916. Library of Congress
referencedIn Ohio State University. Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Museum. Benjamin Franklin 1706-1790 biographical file. Ohio State University Libraries
creatorOf Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792. Letters to Arthur Lee [manuscript], 1777-1780. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Franklin, William Temple, 1760-1823. Miscellaneous manuscripts, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Henry Francis, 1880-1969,. The Winterthur Manuscripts 1588-1955. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Du Pont de Nemours, Pierre Samuel, 1739-1817. Papers, 1769-1831. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn John Jay Papers, 1668-[ca. 1862] Columbia University. Rare Book an Manuscript Library
referencedIn Friends of Benjamin Franklin House. Papers, 1976-1983. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Jacobs papers, 1681-1838. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Collection, 1747-1788. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Family expences , 1783-1784. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Jonathan Williams selected papers, 1771-1813, 1771-1813 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Savage family. Savage family papers, 1758-1938 1840-1890. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Marchant, Henry. Diary, 1771-1772 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Haines & Twells, account book, 1767-1770, 1767-1770 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Commission to James Parker, 10 July 1764. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Coard, Robert Lawrence, 1921- . From Benjamin Franklin to Henry Adams : a study of American autobiography, 1952. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf General Records of the United States Government. 1778 - 2006. Perfected Treaties. 1778 - 1945. Treaty of Paris National Archives at Washington, D.C
referencedIn Mortimer, Cromwell, d. 1752. Natural history manuscripts collected by Cromwell Mortimer, 1746-1749. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf France. First consular treaty between France and the United States, 1784-1788, Versailles. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Parker-Franklin correspondence, 1747-1773. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Admiral Lord Richard Howe papers, 1775-1776 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Sarah Franklin Bache Papers, 1768-1807 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Franklin-Bache Papers, 1707-1799 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Woulfe, Peter, ca. 1727-1803. Traité de physique et de chymie, ca. 1800. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Sir Joseph Banks papers, 1766-1820 (bulk), 1766-1820 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Sellers, Charles Coleman, 1903-1980. Papers, ca. 1940s-1978. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1784 April 30, Annapolis, [Maryland], to William Short, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Trent, William, 1715-1787?. Manuscripts, 1775. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Quaker collection 1700-1888 Quaker collection William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume 14, Miscellany, 1784-1860. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Pennsylvania Assembly. Papers, 1682-1783. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter : to an unknown woman, [17--]. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Manuscripts, [ca. 1770-1779], concerning the torpedo fish. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Benjamin Franklin Papers Part 6 -- Letters to Franklin, 1781-1782 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Lusterman, Don-David. Three epitaphs / Don-David Lusterman. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Benjamin Franklin Bache papers, 1779-1793, 1779-1793 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. ALS, 1779 March 14 : Passy, to His Excellency, Count De Vergennes. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Jones, David, 1736-1820. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1788. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Betsy Beinecke Shirley collection of American children's literature, 1640-2001 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Filippo Mazzei papers, 1730-1922 (inclusive), 1780-1816 (bulk), Bulk, 1780-1816, 1730-1922 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn William Temple Franklin Papers, 1775-1819 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Hill, Henry, 1732-1798. Executor's papers of Franklin's estate, [ca. 1790-1798]. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Benjamin Franklin Papers Part 4 -- Letters to Franklin, 1779 January-November American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Hackett, William. Hudson collection, ca. 1647-1862. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Johnsonian Miscellanies, extra-illustrated, 1538-1900 (inclusive);, 1738-1866 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Mathew Carey letterbooks, 1788-1794, 1788-1794 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Rulhière, Claude Carloman de, 1734-1791. Letter, 1779 January 22, [Paris], to an unknown person. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1791-1806, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Mifflin family papers, 1772-1851, 1772-1851 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter : New York, to Philip Schuyler, 1776 May 27. New York State Library
referencedIn Washington, George, 1732-1799. Letter : Mount Vernon, Va., to [Benjamin] Franklin, 1787 Feb. 11. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Halsey, R. T. Haines (Richard Townley Haines), 1865-1942. Research papers, 1901-1942. Winterthur Library
referencedIn Independence National Historical Park (Agency : U.S.). Reports on Benjamin Franklin's houses, 1960-1961. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Connor, Robert E. Robert E. Connor genealogical research materials, 1872-1994 bulk 1983-1994. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790,. Autograph letter signed from Benjamin Franklin, London, to Timothy Folger [manuscript], 1770 August 21. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Berol, Alfred C.,. American Revolutionary letters and documents, 1650-1830, [microform]. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Washington, George, 1732-1799. George Washington papers, 1592-1937 (bulk 1748-1799). Library of Congress
creatorOf Mitchell, John, 1711-1768. Dr. Mitchel's Letter on the yellow fever., 1748. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Mint. 1792 - 2007. Records Relating to Commemorative Medals Celebrating Individuals and Organizations National Archives at Philadelphia
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, E-K. Houghton Library
referencedIn McConnel, Hugh, fl. 1780-1787. Commonplace book of early American songs and poems [manuscript], 1780-1787. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Fraunces Tavern Museum. Manuscript collection, 1704-1974, 1759-1829 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn John Morgan correspondence, 1763-1788, 1763-1788 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Photostats of Franklin papers not held at APS, 1702-1811 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Joy, Michael, 18th cent. Petition, 1788 Oct. 10, Philadelphia, to Benjamin Franklin. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Bache, Benjamin Franklin, 1769-1798. Diary, 1782-1785. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Hague, Albert. Young Ben Franklin : a musical play for young people / music by Albert Hague ; lyrics by Ray Errol Fox ; book by Allan Cruickshank, 1979. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Benjamin Franklin letter to William Strahan, 1746 September 25. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Mazzei, Filippo, 1730-1816. Papers of Filippo Mazzei, 1770-1782. Library of Congress
referencedIn Autograph File, H, 1584-1988. Houghton Library
referencedIn Parkman family, Edward Twisleton, and Sarah Wyman Whitman additional papers, 1763-1917 (inclusive) 1850-1907 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Mazzei, Filippo, 1730-1816. Letters, 1781 August 16-1815 October 5, v.p., to various persons. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Lee, Eliza Hamilton Schuyler, 1811-1890. Eliza Hamilton Schuyler Lee scrapbook, 1691-1869. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Tissandier Collection on the History of Aeronautics, 1539-1929, (bulk 1780-1920) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Book Trades collection, 1726-1939. American Antiquarian Society
referencedIn Adams, John, 1735-1826. ALS : to John Trumbull, 1790 Apr. 25. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume X, miscellany, 1764-1805. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Edward Duffield: artisan gentleman, 1963, 1963 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Ruellan and Company. Letter, 1789 July 26, Le Havre, [France], to [Thomas] Jefferson, Paris, [France]. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Penn, Thomas, 1702-1775. Letterbook, 1752-1772. American Antiquarian Society
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Autograph letter signed : to S. Elbert, 1785 Nov. 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Rosamond B. Loring collection of printed endpapers, 1900-1950 (inclusive), 1920-1941 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Lee, Richard Henry, 1732-1794. Letters of Richard Henry Lee [manuscript] 1777-1791. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Edwards, Sherman. 1776 : award winning musical / music and lyrics by Sherman Edwards; book by Peter Stone ; [based on a concept by Sherman Edwards], 1997. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1765-1917, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter to Deborah Read Franklin [manuscript] 1773 July 7. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Note [n.d., n.p.], to Lord Bathurst [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Letters of Samuel Johnson, LL.D., collected and edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1413-1900 (inclusive), 1775-1839 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Washburne, E. B. (Elihu Benjamin), 1816-1887,. E. B. Washburne autograph collection, 1766-1888. Houghton Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letters. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn John William Draper Family Papers, 1777-1951, (bulk 1860-1882) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Logan, Maria Dickinson, 1857-1939,. Family papers, 1671-1890. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Fiske, John, 1842-1901. The defeat of Braddock : manuscript, undated. Houghton Library
referencedIn Patriotic Envelope Collection, [1861-1865], 1898 New-York Historical Society
referencedIn William Thornton Papers, 1741-1865 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Catherine Drinker Bowen Papers, 1793-1980, (bulk 1934-1972) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Schuyler family. Collection, 1679-1823. New York State Library
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1813 December 14, Monticello, [Albemarle County, Virginia] to L'Abbe Rochon, n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Morris, Robert, 1734-1806. Autograph letter signed : to John Ross, 1776 Sept. 27. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Receipt : [Philadelphia, Pa.], to Nathaniel Moore, Hopewell, N.J., 1745 June 13. Bryn Mawr College, Mariam Coffin Canaday Library
referencedIn Butler, Pierce, 1744-1822. Pierce Butler papers, 1779-1787. Library of Congress
referencedIn Inventory of the Mercurio Martinez Papers Texas MSS 00083 ., 1767-1963 (bulk: 1910-1963) Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn William Temple Franklin appointment books: diaries, 1785-1803, 1785-1803 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Phillips, John. Papers, 1743-1798. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Barry, James, 1741-1806. Draft of an autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to the members of the Royal Society, [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Grimm, Friedrich Melchior, Freiherr von, 1723-1807. Letter [n.d., January 20, n.p.], to [Mr. Franklin?, n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Lee Kohns collection, ca. 1400-ca. 1900 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Benjamin Franklin and John Foxcroft receipt, Franklin (Benjamin) and John Foxcroft receipt, 1763 Redwood Library & Athenaeum
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. ALS, 1757 Jan. 1, Philadelphia, to William Strahan, London. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf John Bartram correspondence, 1735-1775, 1735-1775 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Ganter, Herbert Lawrence, 1904-1980. Research materials, ca. 1680-1948, concerning William Small (1734-1775). Virginia Historical Society Library
referencedIn General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Plate of Letter of Transmittal National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. The ugly and the handsome leg : Autograph document. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter, 1766, Dec. 20 : London, to John Swinton, Edinburgh. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Letters of Washington, Franklin, and Lafayette 1744-1830 (bulk 1777-1799) Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Miscellaneous Benjamin Franklin Collections, 1710-1822 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Logan, James, 1674-1751. Papers, 1681-1751. Winterthur Library
creatorOf Farragut, David Glasgow, 1801-1870. Autograph file, F, 1447-1970. Houghton Library
referencedIn Perkins, John, 1698-1781. Papers, [ca. 1768-1779]. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Chermont, Dominique-Prosper de, 1741-1798. Memoires sur l'amerique; Recueilly et écrit de Chermont du Poncet, capitaine au corps royal du génie. A Valenciennes 1779.