United States Sanitary Commission

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The United States Sanitary Commission (USSC) was a private relief agency created by federal legislation on June 18, 1861, to support sick and wounded soldiers of the United States Army (Federal / Northern / Union Army) during the American Civil War. It operated across the North, raised an estimated $25 million in Civil War era revenue (assuming 1865 dollars, $422.66 million in 2021) and in-kind contributions to support the cause, and enlisted thousands of volunteers. The president was Henry Whitney Bellows, and Frederick Law Olmsted acted as executive secretary. It was modeled on the British Sanitary Commission, set up during the Crimean War (1853-1856), and from the British parliamentary report published after the Indian Rebellion of 1857 ("Sepoy Rebellion").

Henry Whitney Bellows, (1814-1882), a Massachusetts clergyman, planned the USSC and served as its only president. According to The Wall Street Journal, "its first executive secretary was Frederick Law Olmsted, (1822-1903), the famed landscape architect who designed New York's Central Park". George Templeton Strong, (1820-1875), New York lawyer and diarist, helped found the commission and served as treasurer and member of the executive committee.

In June 1861, the Sanitary Commission set up its central office inside the United States Treasury Building, just east of the Executive Mansion (now the White House), on Pennsylvania Avenue and 15th Street in central Washington, D.C. By late October 1861, the USSC Central Office and the U.S. War Department had received detailed studies and reports from the Sanitary Inspectors of more than four hundred regimental camp inspections. The rapidly crowded events of those first six months of the war displayed the sheer gravity of the situation in which the adjustment to the means and agencies were desperately needed to ensure a high health-rate in all those untrained Union Army regiments.

Immediately following the First Battle of Bull Run in July 1861, the first orders and receipts submitted to the Central Office began to arrive from the military Union Army hospitals at Alexandria, Virginia, and Washington, D.C., requesting water-beds, small tables for writing in bed, iron wire cradles for protecting wounded limbs, dominoes, checkerboards, Delphinium and hospital gowns for the wounded.

The demands of the war soon required more frequent decision-making. This led to the creation of the Standing Committee, which met on a nearly daily basis in New York City where most of its members resided. The Standing Committee initially consisted of five commissioners who retained their position for the entire war: Henry W. Bellows, George Templeton Strong, William H. Van Buren, M.D., Cornelius R. Agnew, M.D., and Wolcott Gibbs, M.D.

In addition to setting up and staffing hospitals, the USSC operated 30 soldiers' homes, lodges, or rest houses for traveling or disabled Union soldiers. Most of these closed shortly after the war.

Also active in the association was Colonel Leavitt Hunt, (1831-1907), a New York lawyer and pioneering photographer. In January 1864, he wrote to 16th President Abraham Lincoln's secretary John George Nicolay asking that Nicolay forward him any documents he might have available with the President's signature. Hunt's mother, the widow of Vermont congressman Jonathan Hunt, planned to attach Lincoln's signature to copies of several casts of the President's hand, to be sold to raise funds for the war effort. Other fund raising events included the famous 50 pound sack of flour that was auctioned off by Reuel Colt Gridley. By auctioning off the same sack of flour, which was then re-donated to be sold again, Gridley eventually raised more than $250,000.00 for the Sanitary Commission.

States could use their own tax money to supplement the Commission's work, as Ohio did. Under the energetic leadership of Governor David Tod, a War Democrat who won office on a coalition "Union Party" ticket with Republicans, Ohio acted vigorously. Following the unexpected carnage at the Battle of Shiloh in April 1862, it sent three steamboats to the scene as floating hospitals with doctors, nurses and medical supplies. The state fleet expanded to eleven hospital ships. The state also set up 12 local offices in main transportation nodes to help Ohio soldiers moving back and forth.

The government constructed the Pension Building in Washington, DC to handle all the staff to process the pension requests and administer them. It is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. After the war, the USSC volunteers continued to work with Union Army veterans to secure their bounties, back pay, and apply for pensions. It supported the "health and hygiene" of the veterans. They had a Department of General Relief which accepted donations for veterans, too. The USSC organization was finally disbanded in May 1866.

Arising from a meeting in New York City of the Women's Central Relief Association of New York, the organization was also inspired by the British Sanitary Commission of the Crimean War. The American volunteers raised money (estimated at $25 million), collected donations, made uniforms, worked as nurses, ran kitchens in army camps, and administered hospital ships, soldiers' homes, lodges, and rests for traveling or disabled soldiers. They organized Sanitary Fairs in numerous cities to support the Federal army with funds and supplies, and to raise funds for the work of the USSC. Women who were prominent in the organization, often traveling great distances, and working in harsh conditions, included Louisa May Alcott, Almira Fales, Eliza Emily Chappell Porter, Katherine Prescott Wormeley, and many others.

Dorothea Dix, serving as the commission's superintendent, convinced the medical corps of the value of women working in their hospitals. Over 15,000 women volunteered to work in hospitals, usually in nursing care. They assisted surgeons during procedures, gave medicines, supervised the feedings and cleaned the bedding and clothes. They gave good cheer, wrote letters the men dictated, and comforted the dying. A representative nurse was Helen L. Gilson (1835–68) of Chelsea, Massachusetts, who served in Sanitary Commission. She supervised supplies, dressed wounds, and cooked special foods for patients on a limited diet. She worked in hospitals after the battles of Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg. She was a successful administrator, especially at the hospital for black soldiers at City Point, Virginia. The middle-class women who volunteered provided vitally needed nursing services and were rewarded with a sense of patriotism and civic duty in addition to the opportunity to demonstrate their skills and gain new ones, while receiving wages and sharing the hardships of the men.

Mary Livermore, Mary Ann Bickerdyke, and Annie Wittenmeyer played leadership roles. After the war some nurses wrote memoirs of their experiences; examples include Dix, Livermore, Sarah Palmer Young, and Sarah Emma Edmonds. Bridget Diver also worked for the Commission.

From the outset, many local groups sponsored fund-raising events to benefit the Commission. As the war progressed these became larger and more elaborate. In February 1863, the women of Lowell, Massachusetts, organized a two-day "Mammoth Fair" occupying two exhibition halls and netting over four thousand dollars for the cause. Groups in other cities soon adopted this plan. Organizing these Sanitary Fairs offered ways for local communities to be directly part of supporting the war effort of the nation. The largest Sanitary Fair during the war was held in Chicago from October 27 to November 7, 1863. Called the Northwestern Soldiers' Fair, it raised almost $100,000 for the war effort. It included a six-mile-long parade of militiamen, bands, political leaders, delegations from various local organizations, and a contingent of farmers, who presented carts full of their crops. Chicago's Northwestern Soldiers' Fair included a "Curiosity Shop" of war souvenirs and Americana. Its organizers intended its displays of weapons, slavery artifacts and other items to illustrate for Union visitors the contrast between the "barbaric" Southern enemy and the "civilized" North. The fairs generally involved large-scale exhibitions, including displays of art, mechanical technology, and period rooms. These sorts of displays called upon ideas of the American past, a history that local communities held in common. Often, different communities competed with each other over their donations to the national cause. People in various cities and towns across the North contributed to the same war effort because they identified as having shared fortunes in their common nation.

The USSC leadership sometimes did not approve of the excitement and lavishness of the fairs. They wanted to encourage sacrifice as a component of membership in a nation. Although the fairs were one way to create a national identity which might motivate citizens to perform their duties, the commission leadership did not want the fairs to become the focus of USSC work.

Chicago held a second sanitary fair from April 27, 1865 to June 21, 1865 and the women organizers published a newspaper entitled Voice of the Fair that was distributed at the event.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Shillaber, B. P. (Benjamin Penhallow), 1814-1890. Ruth Partington letter to Mrs. Ranlett [manuscript], 1864 Apr 11. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Ohio. Adjutant General's Dept. U.S. Sanitary Commission reports, 1864. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Jayne papers 1864 Jayne papers William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Alward, Emily Wight Babcock, d. 1919. Civil War letters, 1863 July 3-Nov. 12. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
creatorOf United States. Surgeon-General's Office. [A collection of documents pertaining to military health and hygiene issued during the American Civil War]. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Bickerdyke, Mary Ann, 1817-1901. Mary Ann Bickerdyke papers, 1847-1905. Library of Congress
referencedIn Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Papers of Alexander Dallas Bache, 1827-1867. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Searing family. Searing family papers, 1810-1941 (bulk 1870-1890). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Bartlett, Edward Jarvis, 1842-1914. Edward J. Bartlett letters, 1839-1923; bulk: 1862-1865. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Simonds, Justin. Simonds collection, 1863-1911. Armed Forces Institute of Pathology Association Library
referencedIn Strong, George Templeton, 1820-1875. Diary : holograph, 1835-1875. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Paige, James W. (James William), 1792-1868. Papers, 1798-1886. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn LeConte, John L. (John Lawrence), 1825-1883. Papers, 1812-1897 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Willett family. Willett family papers, 1849-1863. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary. Correspondence, 1863-1879 Smithsonian Institution Archives
referencedIn Carlisle family. Carlisle family papers, 1860-1972. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Library Company of Philadelphia. Print Dept. Library Company of Philadelphia Print Dept. photograph collection, [ca. 1850]-1890. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Bent, John. John Bent Civil War diary, 1864-1865. Sturgis Library (Barnstable, Mass.)
referencedIn George Palmer Putnam correspondence, 1843-1871 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Caldwell, G. C. Notebook, 1862-1863. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Cornelius C. Beekman collection on the U. S. Sanitary Commission, 1862-1865 Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Confederate States of America. Confederate States of America $10 note, 1864 Feb. 17. Litchfield Historical Society
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission records. Western Department archives, 1861-1865 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Collins, Benjamin. Letter : to J. Heger, 1863 October 4. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
referencedIn Marshall, Helen Edith, 1898-. The United States Sanitary Commission, 1932. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary. Correspondence, 1865-1891 Smithsonian Institution Archives
referencedIn Guyton, Robert. Letters, 1862-1865. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission. Records, 1861-1867 (bulk 1864). New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Eggleston, Edward, 1837-1902. Edward Eggleston papers, 1856-1866. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Beck, Sarah G., fl. 1863-1865. Sarah G. Beck papers, 1863-1865 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Bickerdyke, Mary Ann, 1817-1901. Papers, 1847-1905 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Kelley, Ensign Eldredge, 1820-1897. Account book of Ensign Eldredge Kelley, 1865 May 17-July 31. New England Historic Genealogical Society
referencedIn Delaware Sanitary Fair Committee. Delaware Sanitary Fair Committee records, 1864. Historical Society of Delaware
referencedIn Plum, David K. Letters, 1865 March 1 - June 29, Fort Monroe, Va., to Alicia Chaplin. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Judd, Harriet Stewart, 1822-1907. Harriet Stewart Judd autobiography : ms.S, [ca. 1822-70]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission. Subscription book for facsimiles of the Emancipation Proclamation, [1863 Oct.] : Washington, D.C. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission records. Executive Committee of Boston Associates archives, 1861-1866 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf New England Women's Auxiliary Association. Records, 1861-1887. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Lewis H. Steiner Papers, 1861-1867 History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Gale, George, 1816-1868. Papers, 1840-1892. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn New York Public Library. U.S. Sanitary Commission.
referencedIn Bowditch, Henry I. (Henry Ingersoll), 1808-1892. Nathaniel Bowditch memorial collection, 1851-1886. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Flanders, Daniel J. Papers, 1863-1865. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission records. Department of North Carolina archives, 1862-1865 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Bloor, A. J. (Alfred Janson), 1828-1917. Papers, [ca. 1848-1916]. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Bloor, A. J. (Alfred Janson), 1828-1917. Letter : to A.B. Grosh, 1861 December 19. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
referencedIn Stanley, Richard Calvin. Richard Calvin Stanley diary, 1864. Bates College Library, George and Helen Ladd Library
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission records. Army of the Potomac archives, 1862-1865 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Clark, Henry Grafton, 1814-1892. Papers, 1816-1899. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Adair, Samuel Lyle, 1811-1898. Samuel Lyle and Florella Brown Adair family collection [microform], 1831-1921 (bulk 1856-1865). Kansas State Historical Society
referencedIn Brooklyn and Long Island Sanitary Fair, 1864. Miscellany, 1864. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn The Kantor collection. Wichita State University, Ablah Library
creatorOf Buffalo Committee of Twenty (N.Y.). Buffalo Committee of Twenty correspondence, 1862 Apr. 17-July 14. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission records. New England Women's Auxiliary Association archives, 1861-1865 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Guyton, Robert. Letters, 1862-1865. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Library Company of Philadelphia. Print Dept. Library Company of Philadelphia Print Dept. photograph collection, [ca. 1850]-1890. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Du Pont, Mary Belin, 1839-1913. ALS : [near Wilmington, Del.], to Mr. Lammot, [1864?] May 21. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn War fund collection, 1847-1871. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Newton Free Library. Theatre in Newton, 1864-2006, bulk 1925-2006. Minuteman Library Network
referencedIn Weather Bureau National Archives at College Park
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission records. Statistical Bureau archives, 1861-1869 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Worcester Soldiers' Relief Society. Records, 1861-1865. Gadsden Public Library
referencedIn Dennett, William S.,. Civil War letters to William S. Dennett, 1861-1865. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission. United States Sanitary Commission records, 1861-1878, bulk (1861-1872). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Campbell, James V. (James Valentine), 1823-1890. James V. Campbell papers, 1830-1941. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Willett family. Willett family papers, 1849-1865. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Carlisle Family papers, 1860-1972 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Bradley, Amy Morris, 1823-1904. Papers, 1806-1921; (bulk 1841-1921). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Steiner, Lewis H. (Lewis Henry), 1827-1892. Lewis Henry Steiner letters, 1861-1864. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Library Of Congress, Manuscript Division. Alexander Dallas Bache Papers.
referencedIn Goodrich, Aaron, 1807-1887. Aaron Goodrich papers, 1828-1887. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn White, Andrew Dickson, 1832-1918,. Rebellion miscellany, 1860-1866. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Maine Agency Sanitary Commission. Records, 1861-1865. Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn McClintock, John, 1814-1870. John McClintock papers, 1828-1910. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn Wead Family Papers MS 171., 1862-1936 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Smith, John Cotton, 1765-1845. Papers of John Cotton Smith, 1805-1864. Library of Congress
referencedIn Carson, Marian S.,. Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts, 1656-1995 (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress
referencedIn Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910. Worthington Whittredge papers, circa 1940s-1965 (bulk 1849-1908). Archives of American Art
referencedIn Archives of the Frederick Law Olmsted Documentary Editing Project 1838-2005. American University, American University Library; Bender Library
referencedIn Smith, William Henry, 1833-1896. Papers. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn George Henry Bates papers 1862-1865 Bates, George Henry William L. Clements Library
referencedIn The United States Sanitary Commission, 1932, 1932 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Moore, Frank, 1828-1904. Papers, 1865-1872. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission. Album presented by the United States Sanitary Commission, New York branch, to Charlotte Cushman [manuscript], ca. 1864. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Putnam, George Palmer, 1814-1872. Correspondence. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Wiswall, Harriet (Hattie), 1833-1880. Letters, November 14, 1863-March 29, 1865. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Putnam, George Palmer, 1814-1872. George Palmer Putnam correspondence, 1843-1871. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf McAllister, John A. (John Allister), 1822-1896,. Civil War Miscellanies Ephemera Collection, 1858-1884 (bulk 1861-1865). Porterville Public Library
referencedIn Holt family. Holt-Messer family papers, 1809-1962 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Charlotte Cushman Papers, 1823-1941, (bulk 1861-1875) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission records. Maryland archives, 1862-1865 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Cornelia Hancock papers 1862-1937 1862-1865 Hancock, Cornelia papers William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Hamilton, David, d. 1864. David Hamilton letters, 1863-1864 [microform]. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission records. New York, N.Y. archives, 1861-1878 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Lewis H. Steiner papers, 1861-1865 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn James V. Campbell papers, 1830-1941 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Scandlin, William George, 1828-1871. Papers, 1849-1936. American Antiquarian Society
creatorOf Elliott, E. B. (Ezekiel Brown), 1823-1888. Mortality and sickness of the volunteer forces of the United States government, during the present war, [1862?]. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Marshall, Alice Kahler,. Women in the Civil War and Sanitary Commission graphics collection, 1861-1907. Penn State Harrisburg Library
referencedIn Civil War photograph collection. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Dudley, Thomas H. (Thomas Haines), 1819-1893. Papers of Thomas H. Dudley, 1841-1900 (bulk 1843-1891). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn George Templeton Strong Papers, 1835-1875. Columbia University. Rare Book an Manuscript Library
referencedIn Bainbridge Soldiers Aid Society (Ohio). Record book, 1862-1864. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Jayne, Samuel Ferguson, 1834-1904. Jayne papers, 1864. William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts,. Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Civil War Commandery of the State of Massachusetts collection: 1724-1933 (inclusive), 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Concord Soldiers' Aid Society (Concord, Mass.). Concord Soldiers' Aid Society records, 1861-1865. Concord Free Public Library, Special Collection
referencedIn Gaylord, William Luther, 1831-1882. Papers, 1861-1865. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission records. Accounts and Vouchers archive, 1861-1879 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Pitkin, Perley Peabody, 1826-1891. Papers, 1862-1864. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission records. Department of the Shenandoah archives, 1864-1865 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Bradley, Amy Morris, 1823-1904. Papers, 1806-1921 ; (bulk 1841-1921). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Read, A. N. United States Sanitary Commission, A.N. Read and M.C. Read correspondence [microform]. Toledo-Lucas County Public Library, Main Library
referencedIn Ladies' State Sanitary Fair Register, 1864. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous pamphlets relating to the Northwestern Sanitary Fairs. Chicago History Museum
referencedIn Civil War Stereographs, 1861-1865 New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Grand Army of the Republic. Needham Post No. 39 (Lawrence, Mass.). Lawrence, Mass., Civil War collection, 1860-1938. Lawrence Public Library
referencedIn Bellows, Henry W. (Henry Whitney), 1814-1882. Henry W. Bellows letters, 1861-1863. Columbia University in the City of New York, Augustus C. Long Health Sciences Library
referencedIn Allen, William F., 1830-1889. Family papers, 1775-1950. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission records. California Branch archives, 1862-1866 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Judd, Harriet Stewart, 1822-1907. Autobiography, 1903-1905. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Adams family. Adams family papers, 1798-1928. Litchfield Historical Society
referencedIn Millbrook, Minnie Dubbs. The great northwestern fair, [196-]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Smith, Edward A. Letter, 1864. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Knapp, Frederick Newman, 1821-1889. Frederick N. Knapp collection, 1862-1886. Historical Society of Washington, D.C.
referencedIn Canfield, Augustus C. (Augustus Cass), 1842-1891. Autograph albums and collections, 1830-1912. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Bates, William. George Henry Bates papers, 1862-1865. William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Campbell, Colin, 1811-1833. Colin Campbell papers, 1857-1864. Detroit Public Library, Detroit Main Library
creatorOf Steiner, Lewis H. (Lewis Henry), 1827-1892. Lewis H. Steiner papers, 1861-1867. National Library of Medicine
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission records. Washington, D.C. archives, 1861-1866 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission. New-England Women's Auxiliary Association. [United States Sanitary Commission : Pamphlets]. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
referencedIn Furness-Bullitt family papers, 1824-1967, bulk 1852-1915. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Higginson family. Papers II, 1795-1908, bulk: 1795-1877. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Rogers family. Rogers family papers, 1719-1955. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Olmsted, Frederick Law, 1822-1903. Frederick Law Olmsted papers, 1777-1952 (bulk 1838-1903). Library of Congress
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission records. Army and Navy Claim Agency archives, 1861-1870 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Crouch, Emily J. Papers, 1865, 1870, 1874. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission. Records of the U.S. Sanitary Commission, 1863-1865. Library of Congress
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission records. Department of the Gulf archives, 1862-1866 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Cushman, Charlotte, 1816-1876. Charlotte Cushman papers, 1823-1941 (bulk 1861-1875). Library of Congress
referencedIn Wead family. Papers, 1862-1936 (bulk 1862-1867). Smith College, Neilson Library
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission. Records. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Tyler, Benjamin Owen, b. 1789. Manuscript subscription book for his facsimile Declaration of Independence, 1815-1818. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Bradley, Amy Morris, 1823-1904. Papers, 1849-1980. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Anderson Family. Anderson family papers [microform], 1802-1905 bulk (1809-1892). Kansas State Historical Society
referencedIn Hulburt, Angeline,. Collected papers, 1850-1872. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Adair, Samuel Lyle, 1811-1898. Samuel Lyle and Florella (Brown) Adair collection, 1831-1921 (bulk 1856-1865). Kansas State Historical Society
referencedIn Clark, Lincoln, 1800-1886. Papers of Lincoln Clark, 1758-1942 (bulk 1850-1860). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission records. Pennsylvania archives, 1861-1867 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Moore, J. H., M.D. [Collection of business correspondence from various manufacturers of pharmaceuticals and proprietary medicines.]. Library company of Philadelphia
referencedIn Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts, 1656-1995, (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Metropolitan Fair (1864 : New York, N.Y.). Records, 1863-1864. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission. Records. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Bellows, Henry W. (Henry Whitney), 1814-1882. Henry W. Bellows papers, 1783-1907. Library of Congress
referencedIn May, Abby W. (Abby Williams), 1829-1888. Copy book, March 22, 1865-March 21, 1866. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Newberry, J. S. (John Strong), 1822-1892. Telegram, November 14, 1864. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Stull, Lydia J. Lydia J. Stull papers, 1865. Library of Congress
referencedIn Frederick Law Olmsted Papers, 1777-1952, (bulk 1838-1903) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Douglas, John Hancock, 1824-1892. John Hancock Douglas papers, 1861-1885. Library of Congress
referencedIn Cannon family. Papers, 1804-1956 [microform]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Women's Relief Association of the City of Brooklyn. Register of receipts, 1862-1865. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Juliette F. Gaylord collection 1861-1865 Gaylord, Juliette F. collection William L. Clements Library
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission records, 1861-1878, 1861-1872 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission. Records, 1861-1866. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Rogers Family Papers, 1614-1950 (bulk 1831-1950) New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Allen, Edward L.,. New England Women's Auxiliary Association photograph album, [1862-1866]. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Hingham (Mass.). Records, 1637-1931. Library of Congress
referencedIn Lawson, George, fl. 1851-1889. Letters of George Lawson, 1851-1889. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission records. English Branch archives, 1864-1865 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Swan, Sarah Hodges, 1825-1910. Hodges-Swan family papers, 1698-1909 (bulk 1845-1909) Cambridge Historical Society
referencedIn Carson, Marian S.,. Marian S. Carson collection of manuscripts (continuation record), 1656-1995 (bulk 1700-1876) Library of Congress
referencedIn Strong, George Templeton, 1820-1875. Papers, 1835-1875. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Talcott family. Talcott family papers, 1724-1933. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Holt-Messer family. Papers, 1809-1962 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Letter, July 11, 1862. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Kansas. Governor (1863-1865 : Carney). Kansas Governor Thomas Carney letters & other items received and an index to letters sent, 1861-1863. Kansas State Historical Society
referencedIn Beekman, Cornelius C., 1828-1915. Cornelius C. Beekman collection on the U. S. Sanitary Commission [manuscripts], 1862-1865. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn King, Thomas Starr, 1824-1864. Thomas Starr King letters to Henry Whitney Bellows : mss., 1858-1863. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Craig Barrow papers, 1913-1920. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
creatorOf White, Andrew Dickson, 1832-1918. [Circulars of Sanitary Commission]. Cornell University Library
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission records. Hospital Directory archives, 1862-1866 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission. Records. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission records. American Association for the Relief of the Misery of Battle Fields archives, 1866-1871 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Bloor, A. J. (Alfred J.), 1828-1917. Letter book, 1861-1865. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Barton family. Civil War letters, 1862-1868. American Antiquarian Society
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission records. Woman's Central Association of Relief records, 1861-1866 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Aagaard, Frederick person
associatedWith Abare, John person
associatedWith Abbee, Claudius B. person
associatedWith Abbes, Solomon person
associatedWith Abbett, James M. person
associatedWith Abbey, Edwin B. person
associatedWith Abbey, Isaac person
associatedWith Abbey, Thomas J. person
associatedWith Abbott, Charles person
associatedWith Abbott, Daniel C. person
associatedWith Abbott, George T. person
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associatedWith Adair, Samuel Lyle, 1811-1898. person
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associatedWith Adams, Richard person
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