Clayton, John, 1686-1773.

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Physician Joseph Carson taught medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. The College of Philadelphia's Medical School, founded in 1765, became known as the University of Pennsylvania, Dept. of Medicine In 1779.

From the guide to the Joseph Carson letters, 1789-1858, 1789-1858, (American Philosophical Society)

John Clayton was born in 1694 in Fulham, Middlesex, and brought up in comparative wealth until 1715 when he emigrated to Virginia joining his father, John Clayton senior, who became Attorney General for the colony between 1713 and 1737. John Clayton junior was educated in law and, in 1720, took up a post as Clerk to the County Court of Gloucester County which he was to hold until he was seventy-nine. Soon after taking up the post he married Elizabeth Whiting and they moved into their new residence, believed to have been called Windsor, close to the Pianketank River. Records show they also owned a sizeable garden and plantation, though the precise whereabouts of these and the Clayton home remain uncertain. John and Elizabeth had eight children; five boys, the eldest called John, and three girls. Claytonís interest in natural history probably stemmed from his friendship with Mark Catesby (1682-1749), the artist and naturalist, who first arrived in Virginia in 1712. Clayton probably joined Catesby on the Spotswood expedition to the Blue Ridge Mountains and later, in about 1734, started collecting material to send to Catesby who by this time was back in England. Catesby in turn passed these specimens on to J.F. Gronovius (1690-1762), and encouraged Clayton to continue sending specimens to Europe. Clayton, disappointed at the lack of recognition that his collecting efforts should have justified, had determined, around 1760, to prepare a new Flora of Virginia. However, the publication of a second edition of Gronoviusí flora in 1762 led Collinson to advise Clayton to search for a publisher in America, but none was found and any hope of its publication died with Clayton in 1773.

From the guide to the Lease, 1771 November 15, (John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn John Bartram correspondence, 1735-1775, 1735-1775 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Joseph Carson letters, 1789-1858, 1789-1858 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf [John Clayton, biographical materials] University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
creatorOf Clayton, John, 1686-1773. Lease, 1771 November 15, to Thomas Redford. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library
creatorOf Clayton, John, 1686-1773. Clayton papers, 1748-1765. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Lease, 1771 November 15 John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation
referencedIn John Norton & Sons. Papers, 1750-1902, bulk 1763-1798. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library
referencedIn Carson, Joseph, 1808-1876,. Letters, 1789-1858. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Royal Society (Great Britain). Letters and communications from Americans, 1662-1900. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Royal Society (Great Britain) letters and communications from Americans, 1662-1900, 1662-1900 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Royal Society (Great Britain). Letters and communications from Americans, 1662-1900. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Letter, 1794 February 22, Philadelphia, to Jeremy Belknap, Boston. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Clayton family. Genealogical notes, ca. 1891-1952. William & Mary Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alison, Francis, 1705-1779 person
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. Membership. corporateBody
associatedWith Bard, John, 1716-1799 person
associatedWith Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. person
associatedWith Bartram, John, 1699-1777. person
associatedWith Bond, Thomas, 1712-1784 person
associatedWith Breintnall, Joseph, d. 1746 person
associatedWith Carson, Joseph, 1808-1876, person
associatedWith Clayton family. family
associatedWith Colden, Cadwallader, 1688-1776 person
associatedWith Collinson, Peter, 1694-1768 person
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Currie, William, 1754-1828 person
associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
associatedWith Fothergill, John, 1712-1780 person
associatedWith Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790 person
associatedWith Hewson, William, 1739-1774 person
associatedWith Huggins, Ann person
associatedWith Huggins, Ann. person
associatedWith Huggins, Nathaniel person
associatedWith Huggins, Nathaniel. person
associatedWith John Norton & Sons. corporateBody
associatedWith Linné, Carl von, 1707-1778. person
associatedWith McClurg, James, ca. 1746-1823 person
associatedWith Middleton, Peter, 1752-1781 person
associatedWith Mitchill, Samuel L., (Samuel Latham), 1764-1831 person
associatedWith Nuttall, Thomas, 1786-1859 person
associatedWith Priestley, Joseph, 1733-1804 person
associatedWith Ramsay, David, 1749-1815 person
associatedWith Redford, Thomas person
associatedWith Redford, Thomas, 1707-1774. person
associatedWith Royal Society (Great Britain) corporateBody
associatedWith Sloane, Hans, Sir, 1660-1753 person
associatedWith Smith, William, 1727-1803 person
associatedWith University of Pennsylvania. Dept. of Medicine - Faculty. corporateBody
associatedWith Wistar, Caspar, 1761-1818 person
associatedWith Witt, Christopher, 1675-1765 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Morehouse (Hawkhurst, Kent)
Morehouse (Hawkhurst, England)
United States
Leases--England--Kent--History-18th century
Leases--18th century
Medical education--United States


Birth 1686

Death 1773





Ark ID: w69x020r

SNAC ID: 45598460