Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867

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Alexander Dallas Bache (1806-1867) was an important scientific reformer during the early nineteenth century. From his position as superintendent of the United States Coast Survey, and through leadership roles in the scientific institutions of the time, Bache helped bring American science into alignment with the professional nature of its European counterpart. In addition, Bache fostered the reform of public education in America.

On July 19, 1806 Alexander Dallas Bache was born into one of Philadelphia's elite families. The son of Richard Bache and Sophia Dallas, he was Benjamin Franklin's great-grandson, nephew to George Dallas (vice president under James K. Polk), and grandson to Alexander James Dallas (secretary of the treasury under James Madison). In 1821, Bache was admitted to the United States Military Academy at the age of 15, graduating first in his class four years later. He remained at the Academy for an additional two years to teach mathematics and natural history. While serving as a lieutenant in the Army Corps of Engineers, working on the construction of Fort Adams in Newport, R.I., he met Nancy Clarke Fowler whom he would later marry.

Bache left the Army in 1828 to begin an academic career, accepting an appointment as professor of natural philosophy and chemistry at the University of Pennsylvania. Although his scientific interests were broad, he had a particular interest in geophyscial research. While in Philadelphia, he constructed a magnetic observatory, and made extensive research into terrestrial magnetism, and during the 1830s he began to be recognized as a leading figure in the city's scientific community. Bache was an active member of the American Philosphical Society and the Franklin Institute, seeking to raise the professional standards of both institutions and urging them to place a stronger emphasis on original research. While at the Franklin Institute from 1830-1835, Bache led a Federally-funded investigation into steam-boiler explosions, the government's first use of technical experts to examine a matter involving public policy.

In 1836 Bache became interested in educational reform when he was asked to help organize the curriculum at Girard College, of which he later served as president. Bache spent two years in Europe visiting over 250 educational institutions. The result of his visit was a 600 page study, Report on Education in Europe, to the Trustees of the Girard College for Orphans published in 1839. Although Bache was unable to apply the report at Girard College because of its delayed opening, it proved useful in overhauling the curriculum of Philadelphia's Central High School, where he was superintendent from 1839-1842, and was widely influential among American educational reformers, helping to introduce the Prussian educational model to the United States.

After meeting many of the leading savants during a European tour, including Alexander von Humboldt, Francois Arago, and Karl Friedrich Gauss, Bache became convinced of the need to professionalize American science. His opportunity to make an impact came in 1843 with the death of Ferdinand Hassler, superindendent of the U.S. Coast Survey. In the years before the Civil War, the Coast Survey supported more scientists then any other institution in the country, and Bache and his colleagues saw the Survey as a means of gaining federal patronage for science. After a campaign by his friends and colleagues, Bache was named as Hassler's replacement. Over the next two decades Bache transformed the Coast Survey into one of the nation's leading scientific institutions, becoming an important patron of science himself in the process . Bache was not just an administrator, but remained personally involved in field work.

Bache also led the reform of American science through his leadership of an elite group known as the "Lazzaroni" or scientific beggars. The goal of the Lazzaroni was to ensure that the nation's leading scientists kept control of the nation's scientific institutions, and they were instrumental in reforming the American Association for the Advancement of Science (of which Bache was president of in 1850). In his remarkably busy schedule, Bache was a member of the Lighthouse Board (1844-1845), superintendent of the Office of Weights and Measures (1844), and a prominent regent for the Smithsonian Institution, where he convinced fellow Lazzaroni Joseph Henry to become its first secretary. Bache also played a leading role in the creation of the National Academy of Sciences, serving as its first president. When the Americn Civil War broke out, Bache focused the Coast Survey to support the war effort, was vice president of the Sanitary Commision, a consultant to the army and navy on battle plans, a superintended for Philadelphia's defence plans, and a member of the Permanent Commission of the navy in charge of evaluating new weapons. Bache died in Newport, R.I. on February 17, 1867.

From the guide to the A. D. Bache Collection, 1833-1873, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
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referencedIn Items relevant to history of physics and allied sciences. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Brainard, Charles Henry, 1817-1885. Papers, 1795-1884 and undated Houghton Library
referencedIn John Fries Frazer papers, 1834-1871, 1834-1871 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Howe, Letitia T.,. Letitia T. Howe collection, 1822-1876 (bulk 1840-1865). Library of Congress
referencedIn Woolsey family papers, 1750-1969 (bulk 1811-1921) Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Balbach, Arthur. Chart of Orchard Shoal, Lower Bay, New-York / compiled from the archives of the U.S. Coast Survey, A.D. Bache, supdt., by Arthur Balbach U.S.C.S. ; the hydrography was executed in 1855 & 56 by the party under the command of Lieut. T.A. Craven U.S.N. & Assist. U.S.C.S. ; the topography in 1855 by A.S. Wadsworth U.S.C.S. Library of Congress
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referencedIn Bache Papers-Castle Collection, 1766-1946. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Meteorological observations taken especially for the eclip[s]e at Gunstock Sta near Laconia, Belknap Co. New Hampshire 1860 : original / chief of party, A.D. Bache Supt. ; U.S. Coast Survey, A.D. Bache Supt. Section I. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. A.D. Bache papers, 1828-1863 (bulk 1836-1863). Library of Congress
referencedIn Lesley, J. Peter, 1819-1903. Papers, 1826-1898 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Tidball, John C. (John Caldwell), 1825-1906. Memoir, [ca. 1890?]. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Papers, 1835-1864. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Peale-Sellers family collection, 1686-1963 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Gilbert, Samuel Augustus, 1825-1868. Letters of Samuel Augustus Gilbert, 1848-1863. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf United States Sanitary Commission. United States Sanitary Commission records, 1861-1878, bulk (1861-1872). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IId, 1837-1844 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Vaughan, John, 1755-1841. Papers, 1768 - ca. 1936 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Notes on the coast of the United States. Sections VI & VII, Western coast of Florida Peninsula, from Cape Sable on the south to Ocilla River on the north / by A.D. Bache, Sup'dt U.S.C. Survey. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. A. D. Bache Collection, 1833-1873 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Beck, Charles Frederick, b. 1806. Charles Frederick Beck papers, 1819-1845, Philadelphia. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
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referencedIn Shufeldt, Robert Wilson, 1822-1895. Papers, 1836-1910 (bulk: 1860-1880) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Vol. X. (ff. 696). Oct. 1838-Dec. 1841.includes:f. 1 Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, 1st Baronet: Letters to C. Babbage: 1834-1861. ff. 3, 115, 534 Robert Vaughan Richards, barrister: Letters to C. Babbage: 1831-1841. ff. 5, 389 Julius Jeffreys: Lett... British Library
referencedIn Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873. Correspondence and other papers, 1821-1877 Houghton Library
referencedIn Batchelder family papers, 1806-1902 Houghton Library
referencedIn Robert Anderson Papers, 1819-1948, (bulk 1836-1870) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Letter : Washington, D.C., to I[ncrease] [Allen] Lapham, Milwaukee, Wis., 1862 Apr. 16. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Autograph letter signed : Washington, to S. Thayer Abert, 1857 June 9. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Vol. XVI. (ff. 507). May, 1856-Mar. 1860.includes:f. 1 Comte Jean Gilbert Victor Fialin de Persigny,; French Ambassador in London: Letter to C. Babbage: 1856. f. 2 Michel Chasles, mathematician: Letters to C. Babbage: 1855, 1856.: Fr. f. 3 André M... British Library
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Alexander Dallas Bache letters, 1826-1864 . New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Royal Society (Great Britain). Letters and communications from Americans, 1662-1900. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Dana family papers, 1805-1961 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn LeConte, John L. (John Lawrence), 1825-1883. Papers, 1812-1897 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Mitchell, Henry, 1830-1902. Copies of letters & reports on tidal matters, 1856-1859 [manuscript]. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Library. Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection. 1668-1983. American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Woolsey family papers, 1750-1969 (bulk 1811-1921) Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf United States Coast Survey. General diagram : [western Philadelphia city and adjacent portions of Delaware and Montgomery counties, Pennsylvania]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878. Selected papers [microfilm], 1827-1833. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Notes on the coast of the United States. Section V, Coast of South Carolina / by A.D. Bache, Sup'dt U.S.C. Survey. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
creatorOf Girard, Stephen, 1750-1831. Papers, 1769-1831. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887. Papers, 1798-1893 (bulk 1827-1887) Houghton Library
referencedIn Joseph Henry letters, 1836-1878, 1836-1878 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Kane Family Papers, 1745-1955 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Duane Family Collection, 1764-1933 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Henry Family. Joseph Henry Collection, 1808, 1825-1878, and related papers to circa 1903. Smithsonian Institution Archives
referencedIn Winlock, Joseph, 1826-1875. Letterbook, 1857-1875. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Edward Everett Collection, 1811-1864 University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept.
referencedIn Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Personal papers, 1808-1866 Houghton Library
referencedIn Brasch, Frederick E. (Frederick Edward), 1875-1967,. The Frederick E. Brasch collection of Sir Isaac Newton manuscripts and related materials on the history of scientific thought, 1684-1949. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Quetelet, Adolphe, 1796-1874. Correspondence, 1822-1872. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Duane family. Papers, 1770-1933. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Hare, Robert, 1781-1858. Letters and papers from scientists and scientific organizations, 1793-1857. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Alexander Dallas Bache Letters, 1848-1860 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
creatorOf Keating, William Hypolitus, 1799-1840. Laboratory stock book, 1825-1836. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Maria Mitchell papers, ca. 1825-1887, Circa 1825-1887 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Meriam, Eben[ezer], 1794-1864. Letters, 1848-1854. New-York Historical Society Library
creatorOf Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866. Papers, 1774-1924 William L. Clements Library
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Letter, 1855. University of Florida
referencedIn William Hutton letters, 1821-1852, 1821-1852 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Robert M. (Robert Maskell) Patterson papers, 1775-1853, 1775-1853 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Langdon, William Chauncy, 1831-1895. William Chauncy Langdon papers, 1600-1903 (bulk 1846-1863). Library of Congress
referencedIn Autograph File, B, ca.1500-1976. Houghton Library
creatorOf Bowman, A. H. (Alexander Hamilton), 1803-1865. Bowman family papers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf Union Pacific Railroad Tidelands records, 1940s-1950s USC Libraries Special Collections
creatorOf Alexander Dallas Bache letters, 1826-1864 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Castle-Bache Collection, 1683-1922 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Harris, Joseph S. (Joseph Smith), 1836-1910. Joseph Smith Harris correspondence, 1853-2007 bulk 1856-1863. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Meredith family. Meredith family papers, 1756-1964, bulk 1772-1873. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Samuel George Morton Papers, 1819-1850 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Du Pont, Samuel Francis, 1803-1865. Papers, 1812-1865. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Notes on the coast of the United States. Section III, Delaware Bay, coast of Delaware, Maryland & Virginia (from Cape Henlopen to Cape Henry), Chesapeake Bay (including shoals, inlets, sounds, bays, islands) harbors & roads / by A.D. Bache, Sup'dt U.S.C. Survey. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
creatorOf A. D. Bache Papers, 1828-1863, (bulk 1836-1863) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn George Ord Collection, 1831-1864 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Lesley, J. P. (J. Peter), 1819-1903. Papers, 1826-1898. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Dana, James Dwight, 1813-1895. Selected letters of James Dwight Dana, 1836-1894 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Frazer family. Papers, 1779-1979 (bulk: 1860-1909) University of Pennsylvania, Archives & Records Center
creatorOf Pope, John, 1822-1892. Explorations in the U.S. / Pope, Whipple, Bache [and Ives]. American Museum of Natural History
referencedIn Alexander, Stephen, 1806-1883. Stephen Alexander letter, 1837, Jun. 9, Princeton, to "My dear Sir." Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
creatorOf United States Coast Survey. Jamaica Bay / U.S. Coast Survey, A.D. Bache, supt. Brooklyn Historical Society
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. A. D. Bache letter of recommendation for Richard S. McCulloh [?] [manuscript] 1842 Oct 15. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Palfrey family papers, 1713-1915 Houghton Library
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1833-1853. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Letterbooks, 1789-1866 Houghton Library
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Papers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf Flourens, P. (Pierre), 1794-1867. Papers, 1851-1857, Paris. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Papers, 1882-1951 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Records of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. 1806 - 1981. General Correspondence of Superintendent Alexander Bache
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Memorial sketch of the services of Captain A.A. Humphreys, U.S. Topographical Engineers. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIj, 1898-1988 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Charles Babbage selected correspondence, 1827-1871, 1827-1871 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Dana family. Dana family papers, 1764-1967 (inclusive), 1805-1961 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Notes on the coast of the United States. Section VIII, Mobile Bay, Mississippi Sound / by A.D. Bache, Sup'dt U.S.C. Survey. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
referencedIn Kane, John K. (John Kintzing), 1795-1858. Papers, [ca. 1800]-1892. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Winlock, Joseph, 1826-1875. Letterbook, 1857-1875. American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Bache, George M., 1840-1896. George Mifflin Bache papers, 1838-1899 1863-1873. Navy Department Library, Naval History & Heritage Command
referencedIn Babbage, Charles, 1791-1871. Correspondence. Vol. XIV, 1852-Sept. 1854. British Library
referencedIn Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878. Letters, 1836-1878. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Shufeldt, Robert Wilson, 1822-1895. Papers of Robert Wilson Shufeldt, 1836-1910 (bulk 1860-1880). Library of Congress
referencedIn LeConte, John L. (John Lawrence), 1825-1883. Papers, 1812-1897. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Harvard University Archives Photograph Collection: Portraits, ca. 1852-ca. 2004 Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876 (bulk:1700-1800) New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Records and results, 1849 / United States Coast Survey, A. Dallas Bache, Supt. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
referencedIn Alexander, Stephen, 1806-1883. Stephen Alexander collection, 1827-1882. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878. Autograph letter signed : Princeton, to William Vaughan in London, 1839 Jun. 19. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Letter, July 11, 1862. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Pierre S. (Pierre Samuel), 1870-1954,. The Longwood Manuscripts, 1438-1954. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Notes on the coast of the United States. Section IV, Coast of North Carolina / by A.D. Bache, Sup'dt U.S.C. Survey. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
referencedIn Hutton, William, 1797-1860. Letters, 1821-1852. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn E.G. Squier papers, 1809-1888 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Stephen Girard papers, 1793-1857., 1793-1857 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878. Autograph letter signed : Princeton, to William Vaughan in London, 1839 Oct. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Mitchell, Maria, 1818-1889. Papers, ca. 1825-1887. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866. Papers, 1774-1924 William L. Clements Library
creatorOf Torrey, John, 1796-1873. Papers, 1818-1859. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey : miscellaneous papers on the survey. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
referencedIn Gibbes, Lewis Reeves, 1810-1894. Lewis Reeves Gibbes papers, 1793-1894 (bulk 1838-1894). Library of Congress
referencedIn Howe, Letitia T. Letitia T. Howe collection. 1822-1876. Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Franklin Institute (Philadelphia, Pa.). Committee on Science and Arts. Records, 1824-1900 [microform]. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Letter : Washington, D.C., to I[ncrease] [Allen] Lapham, Milwaukee, Wis., 1862 Apr. 16. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Emory, William H. (William Hemsley), 1811-1887. William Hemsley Emory papers, 1823-1886. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Harwood family. Harwood family papers, 1722-1962. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Reed, Henry, 1808-1854. Lectures, ca. 1841-1853. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Delaware County Institute of Science (Delaware County, Pa.). Minutes and papers, [ca. 1833]-1873. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Letter, 1845. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Lawson, James S. Sketch of part of Coose Bay, Oregon / U.S. Coast Survey, A.D. Bache, Superint. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Wetherill, Charles Mayer, 1825-1871. Papers : mostly pertaining to chemistry, 1837-1886. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIe. 1845-1865. American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Robert Hare papers, 1764-1858, 1764-1858 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Foulke, William Parker, 1816-1865. Papers, 1840-1865 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866. Autograph letter signed : "Senate Chamber", to Professor Bache, 1845 Mar. 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Union Pacific Railroad Company. Union Pacific Railroad Tidelands records, 1940s-1950s. University of Southern California, USC Libraries
referencedIn Royal Society (Great Britain) letters and communications from Americans, 1662-1900, 1662-1900 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Tidball, John C. (John Caldwell), 1825-1906. Memoir, [ca. 1890?]. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Gibbes, Lewis Reeves, 1810-1894. Papers, 1793-1894 (bulk 1838-1894) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn William Hemsley Emory papers, 1823-1886 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Letters to Charles Mayer Wetherill, 1856-1864. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn George Bancroft Correspondence, 1844-1881 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
creatorOf Peirce, Benjamin, 1809-1880. Correspondence, ca. 1835-1880. Houghton Library
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referencedIn Alexander, Stephen, 1806-1883. Collection 1827-1882 Princeton University Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives, 1743-1984 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Elisha Kent Kane Papers, Bulk, 1843-1857, 1810-1953 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Lawson, James S. Koos Head : Oregon : 1861 / surveyed by J.S. Lawson Asst. ; U.S. Coast Survey, A.D. Bache, Superintendent. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
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referencedIn Joseph Bradley Murray collection, 1706-1958 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Smithsonian Institution. Records of the Smithsonian Institution, 1831-1906. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Letters of scientists, 1655-1973. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Anderson, Robert, 1805-1871. Papers of Robert Anderson, 1819-1948 (bulk 1836-1870). Library of Congress
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creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Letter, 1858 November 17. New York State Library
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creatorOf Rogers, Henry J. Henry J. Rogers Papers, 1844-1896. Smithsonian Institution Archives
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Notes on the coast of the United States. Section V, Coast of Georgia / by A.D. Bache, Sup'dt U.S.C. Survey. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Papers of Alexander Dallas Bache, 1827-1867. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIc, 1826-1836 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Royal Society (Great Britain). Letters and communications from Americans, 1662-1900. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Frazer, John Fries, 1812-1872. Papers, 1834-1871. American Philosophical Society Library
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creatorOf Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867. Notes on the coast of the United States. Section III, James River, Va., York River, Va., Rappahannock River, Va. / by A.D. Bache, Sup'dt U.S.C. Survey. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration
referencedIn Scientists Collection, 1563-1973 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Dodge, Jane Gay, 1881-1963. Papers, 1861-1951 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Delaware County Institute of Science (Delaware County, Pa.) minutes and papers, [ca. 1833]-1873, Circa 1833-1873 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Universiteit van Amsterdam. Bibliotheek. Collection, 1711-1868. Library of Congress
referencedIn Quetelet, Adolphe, 1796-1874. Correspondence, 1822-1872. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Patterson, Robert Maskell, 1787-1854. Papers, 1775-1853. American Philosophical Society Library
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associatedWith Babbage, Charles, 1791-1871. person
correspondedWith Babcock, E. person
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correspondedWith Bache, Alexander Dallas person
associatedWith Bache, Benjamin Franklin, 1769-1798 person
associatedWith Bache, Franklin person
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correspondedWith Bache, Nancy (Mrs. A. D.) person
correspondedWith Bache, R. M. person
correspondedWith Bache, Sophia Burrell Dallas (Mrs. Richard) person
correspondedWith Backus, Truman J. person
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correspondedWith Bailey, Jacob Whitman person
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correspondedWith Baily, Francis person
correspondedWith Baird, Spencer F. person
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correspondedWith Barclay, James J. person
correspondedWith Barnard, Frederick Augustus Porter person
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correspondedWith Beaufort, Francis (Sir) person
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correspondedWith Beck, T. Romeyn person
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correspondedWith Biddle, James S. person
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correspondedWith Blunt, George William person
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associatedWith Brasch, Frederick E. (Frederick Edward), 1875-1967, person
correspondedWith Brewer, Thomas M., Dr. person
correspondedWith Brewster, David, Sir person
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correspondedWith Brodhead, J. R. person
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correspondedWith Bryan, P. O. person
correspondedWith Buchanan, James person
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correspondedWith Colburn, Mr. person
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correspondedWith Columbian Association Of Teachers, D. C. person
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correspondedWith Cooper, W. W. person
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correspondedWith Dupont, Samuel Francis person
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correspondedWith Dupont, Sophie Madeleine person
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correspondedWith Hagedorn, D. F. person
correspondedWith Hain, Samuel