Venable, Charles S. (Charles Scott), 1827-1900

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Confederate officer, aide to Robert E. Lee, and professor of mathematics at South Carolina College (1857-1862) and at the University of Virginia following the Civil War until retirement in 1893; author of several mathematics text books; born at "Longwood", in Prince Edward County, Va.; husband of Margaret Cantey McDowell.

From the description of Charles S. Venable papers, 1858-1934. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 43541303

Confederate officer, aide to Robert E. Lee, and professor of mathematics at the University of Virginia.

From the description of Charles S. Venable papers, 1862-1894 (1863-1864) [manuscript]. (Oceanside Free Library). WorldCat record id: 25031617

From the guide to the Charles S. Venable Papers, (bulk, )., 1862-1894, 1863-1864, (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.)

Born on his father Nathaniel Venable’s estate in Prince Edward County, Virginia, Charles Scott Venable (1827-1900) attended Hampden-Sydney College and the University of Virginia before becoming a mathematics professor at Hampden-Sydney. In 1856, he married Margaret Cantey McDowell, daughter of Governor James McDowell, and the couple eventually had five children. That same year, Venable joined the University of Georgia’s faculty and, in 1857, moved again to South Carolina College. Upon the outbreak of the Civil War, he enlisted in the Confederate Army. In 1862, General Robert E. Lee chose Venable as one of his aides, and the two men remained close throughout the war. Following Lee’s surrender in 1865, Venable returned to the University of Virginia as a lieutenant colonel. He spent the next 31 years on the university’s mathematics faculty, serving as its chair from 1870 to 1873 and 1886 to 1888. Furthermore, Venable wrote textbooks for the university when they were unavailable during Reconstruction, helped establish its observatory, and was instrumental in procuring funds for seven new science departments. After Margaret’s death in 1874, he married Mary Southall Brown, widow of Colonel J. Thompson Brown, with whom he had a son.

Source:

“ Charles Scott Venable .” Leander McCormick Observatory Museum. University of Virginia Department of Astronomy. Accessed March 10, 2011.

From the guide to the Venable, Charles Scott, Papers 1927., 1851-1913, (Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin)

Born on his father Nathaniel Venable's estate in Prince Edward County, Virginia, Charles Scott Venable (1827-1900) attended Hampden-Sydney College and the University of Virginia before becoming a mathematics professor at Hampden-Sydney.

In 1856, he married Margaret Cantey McDowell, daughter of Governor James McDowell, and the couple eventually had five children. That same year, Venable joined the University of Georgia's faculty and, in 1857, moved again to South Carolina College. Upon the outbreak of the Civil War, he enlisted in the Confederate Army. In 1862, General Robert E. Lee chose Venable as one of his aides, and the two men remained close throughout the war. Following Lee's surrender in 1865, Venable returned to the University of Virginia as a lieutenant colonel. He spent the next 31 years on the university's mathematics faculty, serving as its chair from 1870 to 1873 and 1886 to 1888. Furthermore, Venable wrote textbooks for the university when they were unavailable during Reconstruction, helped establish its observatory, and was instrumental in procuring funds for seven new science departments. After Margaret's death in 1874, he married Mary Southall Brown, widow of Colonel J. Thompson Brown, with whom he had a son.

Source:

"Charles Scott Venable." Leander McCormick Observatory Museum. University of Virginia Department of Astronomy. Accessed March 10, 2011.

From the description of Venable, Charles Scott, Papers, 1851-1913 (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 774397461

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Minor, James Fontaine, 1876-1961. Photograph of University of Virginia faculty [graphic], 1882-1883. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Longstreet, James, 1821-1904. James Longstreet papers, 1875-1904 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Huntington Library. William Jones Rhees Collection.
creatorOf Lyman, George L., 1872-. Diploma awarded to Lyman upon graduation from the U.Va. School of Pure Mathematics [manuscript] 1889 June 26. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Charles S. Venable Papers, (bulk, )., 1862-1894, 1863-1864 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
creatorOf Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870. Papers of Robert E. Lee [manuscript], 1830-1870. n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn McDowell, James, 1795-1851. James McDowell papers, 1770-1915 (bulk 1820-1850). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Correspondence and other papers, 1831-1891. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870. Letter to Charles S. Venable [manuscript], 1866 July 6. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Dabney, Richard Heath, 1860-1947. Papers pertaining to the University of Virginia [manuscript], 1886, 1895. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. Ru 33: Office Of The Secretary, Outgoing Corres..
creatorOf Dulaney, Polly Venable,. Papers of the Minor and Venable families, 1846-1918. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn John Caldwell Senr of Prince Edward County to Thomas Armstrong of Prince Edward County, Virginia, 507 acres on both sides of Vohans Creek, 12 April 1762. Sonoma State University, Schulz Library
referencedIn Parton, James, 1822-1891. Papers of James Parton [manuscript] 1860-1893. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn National Archives And Records Administration. Rg 23: Coast And Geodetic Survey.
referencedIn Corcoran, W. W. (William Wilson), 1798-1888. W.W. Corcoran papers, 1791-1896 (bulk 1849-1888). Library of Congress
referencedIn John Caldwell Junr of Prince Edward County to Thomas Armstrong of Prince Edward County, 507 acres on both sides of Vohans Creek, 12 April 1762. Sonoma State University, Schulz Library
referencedIn Shahien, Amir. Pavilion residents at the University of Virginia, a collection of biographical sketches and social excerpts [manuscript]/ by Amir Shahien, 2006 October 16. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Randolph, Wilson Cary Nicholas, 1834-1907,. Letters regarding mathematics professorship at the University of Virginia [manuscript] 1896. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Adams, Stephen, 1835-. Papers of the Barbour family [manuscript], 1793-1941. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Downing, Henry Hawkins, 1853-. Papers of the Minor and Venable families [manuscript], 1828-1904. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf United States. Army of the Potomac. Order : Appomattox Court House, Va., 1865 Apr. 10. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf [Charles S. Venable, biographical materials] University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
referencedIn Rice, Grantland, 1880-1954. Papers pertaining to the ninetieth birthday celebration of Clarence Blain Wallace [manuscript], 1949. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Montgomery, Walter Alexander, 1845-1921. Walter Alexander Montgomery papers [manuscript], 1940-1949. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Benjamin, J. P. (Judah Philip), 1811-1884,. Papers of the Grinnan family of Brampton, Madison Co., Va. 1773 (1843-1937) 1981. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf University of Virginia. Leander McCormick Observatory. Leander McCormick Observatory papers [manuscript], 1870-1928. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Venable, Charles Scott, Papers 1927., 1851-1913 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Gianniny, Omer Allan. Al Gianniny Papers [manuscript], 1949-1996. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Grant, Robert Nelson, fl. 1876-1878. University of Virginia photograph album [manuscript], 1876-1881. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Alderman, Edwin Anderson, 1861-1931. Thirty-one miscellaneous manuscripts [manuscript] : List of Revolutionary or War of 1812 war claims ; Copy of letter by T.H. Kincaid, 1812-1927. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Freeman, Douglas Southall, 1886-1953. Papers of Douglas Southall Freeman [manuscript] 1900-1955. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Venable, Charles S. (Charles Scott), 1827-1900. Charles S. Venable papers, 1858-1934. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Rotch, William. University of Virginia Archives authority file, 1924, 1953-2008. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. James Henry Coffin Papers.
referencedIn University of Virginia. Resolutions in memory of Robert E. Lee [manuscript], 1870 October 15 and 19. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Venable, Charles S. (Charles Scott), 1827-1900. Charles S. Venable papers, 1862-1894 (1863-1864) [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Buist, Edward H. (Edward Henry), 1839-1882. Edward H. Buist letter to Prof. Charles Venable, [manuscript] 1865 May 7. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Broadus, John Albert, 1827-1895. Letters to the Rev. Broadus [microform] 1850-94. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf McCabe, W. Gordon (William Gordon), 1841-1920. Papers of W. Gordon McCabe [manuscript], 1757-1920. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Venable, Charles S. (Charles Scott), 1827-1900. University of Virginia absence report for James J. Nelson [manuscript], 1871 Jan 2. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Willis, Mary Venable Minor Ball. Papers of Mary Venable Minor Ball Willis [manuscript], 1896-1962. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Jones, Iredell, 1842-1914. Iredell Jones papers, 1797-1913. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Jordan, T. W. Letters to Charles Scott Venable, concerning the appointment of M.W. Humphreys to the Chair of Greek at the University of Virginia, [manuscript] 1887. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Block, Karl Morgan, 1886-1958. Papers of the Staples and related Persinger family, 1783-1937, (bulk 1853-1914). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Smith, Jas. M., fl. 1875. James M. Smith letter to Prof. John W. C. Davis [manuscript], 1875 September 17. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Venable, Charles S. (Charles Scott), 1827-1900. Venable, Charles Scott, Papers, 1851-1913 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Runk, B. F. D. (Benjamin Franklin Dewees), 1906-1994. Papers of Benjamin Franklin Dewees Runk [manuscript] 1872-1966. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Holladay, Lewis Littlepage, 1806-1869. Morton-Holladay family papers, 1848-1916. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Moran, Charles E. Brief biographical sketches of the professors for whom the dormitories at the University of Virginia were named, 1978 April. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hampton, Wade, 1818-1902. Letter : Hampton, to Col. Charles Scott Venable, 1890 December 6. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Venable, F. P. (Francis Preston), 1856-1934. F. P. Venable papers, 1838-1946. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn W. W. Corcoran Papers, 1791-1896, (bulk 1849-1888) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Chamberlain, Sylvester. Letters received, 1885-1898. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
referencedIn University Of Exeter Library, Special Collections. Lockyer Correspondence & Research Papers (Eul Ms 1.
referencedIn Fauntleroy, Cornelius Hite, 1859-1921. Papers of Cornelius Hite Fauntleroy [manuscript], 1775-1962. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hampton, Wade, 1818-1902. Letter to Col. Charles Scott Venable [manuscript], 1890 December 6. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Lee, Fitzhugh, 1835-1905. Papers of Fitzhugh Lee [manuscript], 1731-1952. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn John Caldwell Senr of Prince Edward County, Virginia, to John Caldwell, Jr. of Prince Edward County, 300 acres on both sides of Vohans Creek, 12 April 1762. Sonoma State University, Schulz Library
referencedIn Broomall, Fred A.,. Papers of the Venable, Minor, Wilson and related families [manuscript], 1822-1980 (bulk 1875-1946). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. Ru 26: Office Of The Secretary, Incoming Corres..
creatorOf Venable, Charles S. (Charles Scott), 1827-1900. Letters concerning the appointment of Albert H. Tuttle to the Chair of Biology and Agriculture at the University of Virginia [manuscript], 1888. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870. Letter to Charles S. Venable, 1866 July 6. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Venable, Charles S. (Charles Scott), 1827-1900. Letter of Charles Scott Venable, U. Va. to Ben W. Austin, sec., Trinity Historical Society [manuscript] 1888 Nov. 13. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Wise, John S. (John Sergeant), 1846-1913. Papers, 1869-1873. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Crehen, E. Lithograph of General Joseph E. Johnston, 1870 (ca.). University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Allan, William, 1837-1889,. Letters in recommendation of M. W. Humphreys [manuscript], 1882. University of Virginia. Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Anderson, Richard Heron, 1821-1879. person
associatedWith Austin, Ben W., person
correspondedWith Baird, Spencer F. person
associatedWith Beauregard, G. T. (Gustave Toutant), 1818-1893. person
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correspondedWith Venable, Louise M. person
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associatedWith Willis, Mary Venable Minor Ball. person
associatedWith Wise, John S. (John Sergeant), 1846-1913. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Virginia
United States
Charlottesville (Va.)
South Carolina--Columbia
Virginia
Minnesota
Saint Paul (Minn.)
Virginia
Charlottesville (Va.)
Minnesota--Saint Paul
Subject
History--Societies, etc
College teachers
Exposition
Recommendations For Positions
Reconstruction (U. S. history, 1865-1877)--Virginia
Religion
Meteorology
Astronomy
Hotels--Pictorial works
Scientific publications
Educational institutions
Reconstruction (U. S. history 1865-1877)
Gold miners--Correspondence
Princeton (College Of New Jersey)
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Person

Birth 1826-03-19

Death 1900-08-11

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