Smithsonian Institution. Board of Regents.

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The Board of Regents is the governing body of the Smithsonian Institution, created by the Act of August 10, 1846, which established the Institution and gave form to the trust received from its English benefactor, James Smithson. The Board's composition has varied over time. At present it consists of two ex officio members, the Vice-President of the United States and the Chief Justice of the United States (by custom, its Chancellor), three members of the House of Representatives and three members of the Senate, appointed by resolution from those two bodies, and nine citizen-Regents, no two of whom may be residents of the same state, and two of whom must be residents of the District of Columbia. These members are appointed, upon recommendation of the Board, by joint resolution of the Congress.

The Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution is responsible for shaping the Institution's policies and directing its operations; but final authority resides with the Board of Regents, which is empowered to hold title to land, to accept gifts and trusts, to sue and be sued, and to exercise all the other powers usual to bodies of this kind.

Ad hoc committees are created to conduct certain orders of business, including Secretarial searches. The Executive Committee of the Board is a standing committee, and has existed since 1846. Likewise, the Audit and Review Committee, initially formed as an ad hoc committee in 1977, was re-established in 1979 as a standing committee to oversee the Institution's accounting systems and internal controls.

Chancellors of the Board of Regents have included: George Mifflin Dallas, 1846-1849; Millard Fillmore, 1849-1851; Roger B. Taney, 1851-1864; Salmon P. Chase, 1864-1873; Morrison R. Waite, 1874-1888; Melville Weston Fuller, 1888-1910; Edward Douglass White, 1910-1921; William H. Taft, 1921-1930; Charles Evans Hughes, 1930-1941; Harlan Fiske Stone, 1941-1946; Fred M. Vinson, 1946-1953; Earl Warren, 1953-1969; Warren E. Burger, 1969-1986; and William H. Rehnquist, 1986- .

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Agency History. Record 218076

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn New York Times. [Contact repository for more information].
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. Ru 7000: James Smithson Papers.
referencedIn Goldwater, Barry M. (Barry Morris), 1909-1998. The personal and political papers of Senator Barry M. Goldwater (1909-1998), 1880s-2008. Arizona State University Libraries
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. Ru 52: Assistant Secretary, Incoming Correspondenc.
referencedIn U.S. Congress, House Reports. 33 D 2 D Session, 1855, Report #141 (Serial 808).
referencedIn Hanks, Nancy, 1927-1983. Papers, 1894-1987 (bulk 1945-1983). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. Alexander Dallas Bache Papers.
referencedIn E.G. Squier papers, 1809-1888 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn National Archives And Records Administration. Rg 27: Weather Bureau.
referencedIn Simpson, Alan K. Office Files, 1959-1997. University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
referencedIn National Archives And Records Administration. Rg 16: Secretary Of Agriculture.
referencedIn National Archives And Records Administration. Rg 46: United States Senate.
referencedIn Harvard, Houghton Library. Samuel Gilman Brown Collection.
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. Ru 33: Office Of The Secretary, Outgoing Corres..
referencedIn Princeton University Library, Dept. Of Rare Books & Mss., Ms. Rush Family Papers.
referencedIn James Henry Coffin Papers, 1848-1884 Smithsonian Institution Archives
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. Ru 60: Meteorological Project, 1849 1875.
referencedIn SIA RU000026, Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary, Correspondence, 1863-1879 Smithsonian Institution Archives
referencedIn National Archives And Records Administration. Rg 233: House Of Representatives.
referencedIn University Of Vermont, Bailey/Howe Library. [Contact repository for more information].
referencedIn Greenewalt, Crawford H., 1902-1993. Personal papers, 1948-1992. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn National Archives And Records Administration. Rg 59: State Department.
referencedIn Russian Academy Of Sciences, Archives, St. Petersburg Branc. [Contact repository for more information].
referencedIn Harvard University Archives. Records Of The Harvard Observatory.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis person
correspondedWith Alexander, Barton Stone person
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correspondedWith Bache, Alexander Dallas person
correspondedWith Baker, William R. person
correspondedWith Baldwin, Austin & Co. corporateBody
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correspondedWith Bicknell, C. C. person
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associatedWith Bowen, Anthony person
correspondedWith Brewster, David, Sir person
associatedWith British Museum corporateBody
associatedWith Brown, Solomon G. person
associatedWith Burger, Warren E., 1907- person
associatedWith Chase, Salmon P. 1808-1873 person
associatedWith Chase, Salmon Portland person
correspondedWith Choate, Rufus person
correspondedWith Cook, William H. person
associatedWith Dallas, George Mifflin, 1792-1864 person
correspondedWith Damus, Adolphus E. person
associatedWith Davis, E. H. person
correspondedWith Day, W. G. W. person
correspondedWith Delafield, Richard person
correspondedWith Digg, E. Goethe person
associatedWith Fillmore, Millard, 1800-1874 person
correspondedWith Fisher, George person
associatedWith Fuller, Melville Weston, 1833-1910. person
associatedWith Gale, Leonard D. person
correspondedWith Garrison, O. E. person
associatedWith Goldwater, Barry M. (Barry Morris), 1909-1998. person
associatedWith Greenewalt, Crawford H., 1902-1993. person
correspondedWith Hagedorn, C. F. person
correspondedWith Hamilton College corporateBody
associatedWith Hanks, Nancy, 1927-1983. person
associatedWith Hawley, Gideon person
correspondedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878 person
associatedWith Henry, Mary Anna (Henry's Daughter) person
associatedWith Hughes, Charles Evans, 1862-1948 person
correspondedWith Huntington, Mr. person
correspondedWith Jewett, Charles Coffin person
associatedWith Johnson, Samuel William person
correspondedWith Marcy, William L. person
associatedWith Meacham, James person
correspondedWith Montgomery, J. V. person
correspondedWith Morgan, William Hamlett person
correspondedWith Muth, George person
correspondedWith O'reilly, Henry person
associatedWith Owen, Robert Dale person
correspondedWith Prince, E. M. person
associatedWith Rehnquist, William H., 1924- person
correspondedWith Rhees, William J. person
correspondedWith Robinson, Henry L. person
correspondedWith Rupp, William person
associatedWith Rush, Richard person
correspondedWith Serrell, Edward W. person
associatedWith Simpson, Alan K. person
associatedWith Smith, Francis O. J. person
associatedWith Smithsonian Institution corporateBody
associatedWith Smithsonian Institution. Board of Regents. Executive Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Smithson, James person
associatedWith Spencer, Charles Achilles person
correspondedWith Squier, Ephraim George person
correspondedWith Stebbins, C. B. person
associatedWith Stone, Harlan Fiske, 1872-1946 person
associatedWith Taft, William H. 1857-1930 person
associatedWith Taney, Roger Brooke, 1777-1864 person
associatedWith Thomson, J. J. person
correspondedWith United States Congress corporateBody
associatedWith Vinson, Fred M., 1890-1953. person
associatedWith Waite, Morrison R. 1816-1888 person
associatedWith Warren, Earl, 1891-1974 person
correspondedWith Washington, D. C., Citizens Of person
correspondedWith Wells + Arnot corporateBody
associatedWith White, Edward Douglass, 1845-1921. person
correspondedWith Young, L. person
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SNAC ID: 29175461