Franklin Institute Philadelphia, Pa Committee on Science and the Arts

Variant names

Hide Profile

The Franklin Institute was founded in Philadelphia in 1824 by the city's leading engineers, scientists, technicians and manufacturers for the purpose of promoting and advancing technical progress. In 1825 it established its Committee on Inventions under Samuel Vaughn Merrick and Alexander Dallas Bache. This was the first attempt in America to set up a permanent body to direct technical innovation.

Membership in the committee was originally limited to members of the Institute's board of managers. In 1834 Bache reorganized the committee as the Committee on Science and the Arts and opened it to all Institute members. The committee would appoint subcommittees of experts to examine and report on inventions submitted to it. It filled a purpose not met by the 19th century Patent Office, which granted patents liberally without proof of workability or priority and left questions of interference to the courts. By the 1890s the emergence of engineering professional societies, research universities and independent laboratories began to undermine the need for the Institute's program, and by 1924 it was reduced to awarding medals.

From the description of Records, 1824-1900 [microform]. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122516395

Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Agnew, John, d. 1872. person
associatedWith Bache, A. D. 1806-1867. person
associatedWith Baldwin Locomotive Works. corporateBody
associatedWith Baldwin, Matthias W. 1795-1866. person
associatedWith Bartol, Barnabas H., 1816-1888. person
associatedWith Battin, Joseph, 1806?-1893. person
associatedWith Becquerel, M. 1788-1878. person
associatedWith Bell, J. Snowden 1843-1928. person
associatedWith Berliner, Emile, 1851-1929. person
associatedWith Berliner Gramophone Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Bilgram, Hugo, 1847-1932. person
associatedWith Booth, James Curtis, 1810-1888. person
associatedWith Campbell, Henry R. 1807-1879. person
associatedWith Carborundum Company (Niagara Falls, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Celluloid Manufacturing Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Colt, Samuel, 1814-1862. person
associatedWith Cresson, John C. 1806-1876. person
associatedWith De Laval, Carl Gustav Patrik, 1845-1913. person
associatedWith De La Vergne, John Chester, 1840-1896. person
associatedWith De La Vergne Refrigerating Machine Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Diesel, Rudolf, 1858-1913. person
associatedWith Dixon, Joseph, 1799-1869. person
associatedWith Eastman, George, 1854-1932. person
associatedWith Eastwick, Andrew M. 1810-1879. person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A. 1847-1931. person
associatedWith Ellet, Charles, 1810-1862. person
associatedWith Fresnel, Augustin Jean, 1788-1827. person
associatedWith Gestetner, David, 1854-1939. person
associatedWith Gowen, Franklin B. 1836-1889. person
associatedWith Gray, Elisha, 1835-1901. person
associatedWith Hall, Thomas, 1834-1911. person
associatedWith Harrison, Joseph, 1810-1874. person
associatedWith Haupt, Herman, 1817-1905. person
associatedWith Haupt, Lewis M. 1844-1937. person
associatedWith Heisler, Charles L. 1863-1931. person
associatedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878. person
associatedWith Hollerith, Herman, 1860-1929. person
associatedWith Hyatt, John W. 1837-1920. person
associatedWith Johns, Henry W. 1837?-1898. person
associatedWith Johnson, Walter R. 1794-1852. person
associatedWith Lowthorp, Francis C., 1810-1890. person
associatedWith Lukens, Isaiah, 1779-1846. person
associatedWith Mergenthaler, Ottmar, 1854-1899. person
associatedWith Merrick, S. V. 1801-1870. person
associatedWith Merrick & Towne. corporateBody
associatedWith Morris, Ellwood, 1813?-1872. person
associatedWith Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872. person
associatedWith Naglee, Henry M. 1815-1886. person
associatedWith Patterson, Robert M. 1787-1854. person
associatedWith Peale, Franklin, 1795-1870. person
associatedWith Pelton, Lester A. 1829-1908. person
associatedWith Pelton Water Wheel Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Pratt, Francis A. 1827-1902. person
associatedWith Pratt & Whitney Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Princeton (Frigate) corporateBody
associatedWith Riehle Brothers Testing Machine Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Roberts, Solomon W. 1811-1882. person
associatedWith Rogers, Henry D. 1808-1866. person
associatedWith Shay, Ephraim, 1839-1916. person
associatedWith Singer, Isaac Merritt, 1811-1875. person
associatedWith Smith, George W. 1800-1876. person
associatedWith Southwark Foundry (Philadelphia, Pa.) corporateBody
associatedWith Strickland, William, 1787-1854. person
associatedWith Tesla, Nikola, 1856-1943. person
associatedWith Thomson, Elihu, 1853-1937. person
associatedWith Towne, John Henry, 1818-1875. person
associatedWith Trautwine, John C. 1810-1883. person
associatedWith Trego, Charles B., 1794-1874. person
associatedWith Vauclain, Samuel M. 1856-1940. person
associatedWith Westinghouse Air Brake Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Westinghouse, George, 1846-1914. person
associatedWith Wheeler and Wilson Manufacturing Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Whipple, Squire, 1804-1888. person
associatedWith Whitney, Asa, 1791-1874. person
associatedWith Winans, Ross, 1796-1877. person
associatedWith Wootten, John E. 1823-1898. person
associatedWith Yale, Linus, 1821-1868. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Hollerith accounting machines
Heating
Roads--Design and construction
Pumping machinery
Technology--United States--History
Inventors
Typewriters
Canal boats
Iron
Agricultural machinery
Copying machines
Asbestos
Tabulating machines
Machine tools
Measuring instruments
Air brakes
Locomotives
Brickmaking
Electric welding
Steam-boiler explosions
Coal preparation
Railroad rails
Mechanical engineering
Pipe
Smoke prevention
Metallurgy
Water-wheels
Wire
Electric apparatus and appliances
Governors (Machinery)
Linotype
Sewing machines
Railroads--Tracks
Steam-engineering
X-rays
Fire prevention
Diesel motor
Bridges
Aeronautics
Electric automobiles
Steam engines
Punched card systems
Patent laws and legislation
Anthracite coal
Technological innovations
Telegraph
Fuel
Furnaces
Textile machinery
Refrigeration and refrigerating machinery
Canals--Steam-navigation
Artificial limbs
Locks (Hydraulic engineering)
Ships--Launching
Celluloid
Steamboats
Gas light fixtures
Patents
Stoves
Inventions
Ordnance
Steel
Electrical engineering
Couplers (Railroad cars)
Tools
Locks and keys
Propellers
Electric lighting
Lighting
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1824

Active 1900

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65z0mss

Ark ID: w65z0mss

SNAC ID: 22330323