Bancroft, George, 1800-1891

Dates:
Birth 1800-10-03
Death 1891-01-17
Americans
French, German, English, Spanish; Castilian

Biographical notes:

American historian and author.

From the description of Note, an autograph, and a portrait, 1881. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 367575323

Epithet: USA Minister in London

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000742.0x000160

Northampton, Massachusetts, historian and author; secretary of the Navy, 1845-1846; U.S. minister to Berlin, 1867-1874.

From the description of Letter: Washington, D.C., to Ninian W. Edwards, 1884 May 13. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 26827867

From the description of Letter: Navy Department, to Daniel P. King, 1845 Dec. 16. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 26827855

American historian.

From the description of ALS, 1865 Sept. 30, New York, to James Barnet Fry. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122525039

From the description of ALS, 1852 Jan. 12, New York, to William Bradford Reed, Philadelphia. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122540628

From the description of Letter and manuscript of George Bancroft [manuscript], n.d. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647823416

From the description of ALS, 1852 Nov. 24, New York, to Henry Hope Reed. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122380586

From the description of Postcard : Washington, D.C., to John Wilson & Son, Cambridge, 1876 Jan. 5. (Boston Athenaeum). WorldCat record id: 316062320

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Newport, to members of the firm of Harper & Brothers, 1862 July 29. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270623392

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Northampton, Mass., to an unidentified recipient, 1823 Apr. 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270870249

From the description of ALS, 1852 Jan. 6, New York, to William Bradford Reed, Philadelphia. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122591577

George Bancroft served as the 18th Secretary of the Navy, 1845-1846.

From the description of Letter, April 8, 1845. (Naval War College). WorldCat record id: 18178468

George Bancroft (October 3, 1800 - January 17, 1891) was an American historian and statesman. He served as U.S. Secretary of the Navy, 1845-1846, and established the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1845.

From the description of Signature, [n.d.] (Naval War College). WorldCat record id: 17997959

From the description of Engraving, [n.d.] (Naval War College). WorldCat record id: 17997845

American scholar.

From the description of History of the United States : autograph manuscript of chapter XLV : condition of the central provinces, [185-?]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 761697583

George Bancroft (1800-1891) was an American historian and statesman, and an active promoter of secondary education both in his home state and at the national level. As U. S. Secretary of the Navy under James K. Polk, Bancroft established the Naval Academy at Annapolis and later served as U.S. Minister to Great Britain (1846-1849), Prussia (1867-1871), and the German Empire (1871-1874). He is best remembered however for his 10-volume History of the United States, a work which fellow historian Leopold von Ranke called "the best book ever written from the democratic point of view." [From the Dictionary of American Biography .]

From the guide to the George Bancroft Correspondence, 1844-1881, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)

U.S. secretary of the navy, diplomat, and historian.

From the description of Papers of George Bancroft, 1811-1901. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80756661

American diplomat.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : place not specified, to Cyrus W. Field, undated. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270624301

Historian, diplomat.

From the description of George Bancroft papers, 1811-1901. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63934138

George Bancroft (1800-1891) was an American historian, diplomat and public official who wrote the ten-volume History of the United States. Bancroft's positions included Collector of the Port of Boston, Secretary of the Navy under Polk, Minister to Great Britain from 1846 to 1849, and Minister to Germany from 1867 to 1874. In addition to History of the United States, Bancroft wrote other historical studies and biographies.

From the description of George Bancroft collection, 1606-1887. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122597909

From the description of George Bancroft papers, 1823-1890. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122571095

From the guide to the George Bancroft papers, 1823-1890, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

From the guide to the George Bancroft collection, 1606-1887, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Historian, diplomat born in Worcester, Mass.

From the description of ALS : Boston, to Mrs. Hunt, 1838 Nov. 12. (Boston Public Library). WorldCat record id: 37766620

Epithet: of Belgravia

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000742.0x00015f

Historian.

From the description of Letters from George Bancroft [manuscript] 1838, 1873, 1877. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647942921

George Bancroft was an American scholar and historian. Born in Massachusetts and educated at Harvard, Bancroft studied and travelled extensively in Europe. He published literary works, and translated extensively from the German, and is best remembered for his monumental history of the United States, published in 10 volumes over a period of some 40 years, and later revised and updated by the author.

From the description of George Bancroft letters, 1841 and undated. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 66267195

From the description of George Bancroft letters, 1868, n.d. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 52523580

American Historian.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Boston, to William Macculloh, 1844 Dec. 29. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270622061

From the description of Autograph letter signed : New York, to Mr. Redfield, Collector of the Port of New York, 1854 May 23. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270623389

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to John W. Field, [no year] Apr. 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270623238

New York resident, author, Secretary of the Navy, and historian.

From the description of Letters, 1845-1885. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 31427864

George Bancroft (1800-1891), historian and diplomat, was the son of Aaron (1755-1839) and Lucretia Chandler Bancroft (1765-1839).

From the description of Papers, 1819-1901. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 207113047

Bancroft was a notable historian and author of the 10 volume "History of the United States."

From the description of George Bancroft letters, 1864. (Museum of New Mexico Library). WorldCat record id: 37434932

From the guide to the George Bancroft Letters, 1864, (Museum of New Mexico. Fray Angélico Chávez History Library.)

George Bancroft (1800-1891) was a preeminent American historian, Secretary of the Navy, and founder of the U.S. Naval Academy. The son of Aaron Bancroft, George Bancroft was born in Worcester, Massachusetts and graduated from Harvard in 1817. After furthering his education in Germany, Bancroft returned to Massachusetts in 1822 and married his first wife, Sarah Dwight, in 1827. In 1834, he published the first volume of The History of the United States, his seminal work which he continued to update until 1874. After the death of his wife in 1837, he married Elizabeth Davis Bliss. In 1844, Bancroft lost the contest for governor of Massachusetts, but was appointed by President Polk as Secretary of the Navy a year later. During his time as the Navy Secretary, he established the U.S. Naval Academy. In 1866, Bancroft delivered a special eulogy on Lincoln.

Source: “George Bancroft.” Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Accessed August 4, 2011. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/51366/George-Bancroft.

From the guide to the George Bancroft Papers 2011-201., 1850-1868, (Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin)

Historian and statesman.

George Bancroft was born in Worcester, Massachusetts. He studied divinity at Harvard, and history at Gottingen. His major work was a monumental History of the United States, spanning 10 volumes and covering 1834-1840 and 1852-1874. A Democrat, he was secretary to the navy from 1845-1846, and established the Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland. He was also the United States minister to Britain from 1846-1849, Prussia from 1867-1871, and the German empire from 1871-1874.

From the description of Letters, 1855. (University of Florida). WorldCat record id: 50266497

Robert William Hughes was born at Muddy Creek Plantation, Powhatan County, Va. in 1821. His parents died in 1822 and he was raised by Edward C. Carrington and Eliza Preston Carrington. He attended Caldwell Institute, Greensboro, N. C. and studied law in Fincastle, Va. He married Eliza M. Johnston, niece of Joseph E. Johnston and the adopted daughter and niece of John B. Floyd. Hughes' son was Robert Morton Hughes. Robert William Hughes was a newspaper editor and federal district attorney. Involved in post Civil War Republican Party politics, he was nominated for governor of Virginia and for Congress but did not win. He was appointed judge of the federal court for the Eastern District of Virginia.

  • 16 Jan. 1821: Born at Muddy Creek Plantation, Powhatan Co., Va.,the son of Jesse and Elizabeth Woodson (Morton) Hughes.
  • 1822: Both parents died, and Hugheswas raised by Gen. Edward C. Carringtonand his wife, Eliza(Preston) Carringtonof Halifax Co., Va.(family relationship not known).
  • Ca. 1833 - 1837 : "put to the carpenter's trade in Princeton, N.J."
  • Ca. 1837 - 1838 : Attended Caldwell Institute,Greensboro, N.C.
  • Ca. 1839: Tutor, Bingham High School,Hillsboro, N.C.
  • 1843: Studied law, Fincastle, Va.
  • 1846: Began practice of law, Richmond, Va.
  • 4 June 1850: Married Eliza M. Johnston,(1825-1908), niece of Gen. Joseph E. Johnstonand niece and adopted daughter of John Buchananand Sarah (Preston) Floyd.
  • 1850: Began writing editorials for the Richmond Examiner.
  • 1853 - 1857 : Editor of the Richmond Examinerwhile regular editor in Europe.
  • 1855: Birth of son, Robert Morton Hughes.
  • 1857 - 1861 : Editor of the Washington Union,and lived in home of Secretary of War John Buchanan Floyd.
  • 1861: Birth of son, Floyd Hughes(2 other children died young)
  • 1861: Because of "chronic disease" retired to a farm near Abingdon, Va.,where General and Mrs. Floyd1ived with the Hughes family.
  • 1861 - 1864 : Wrote for the Richmond Examiner,showing hostility toward Jefferson Davis' administration.
  • 1865 - 1866 : Edited the Richmond Republic,and generally pursued a course that considered "nimble"
  • 1868: Delegate to National Democratic Convention.
  • 1869 - 1870 : Editor of the Richmond State Journal.
  • Ca. 1870: Wounded William E. Cameronin a duel.
  • 1872: Named federal district attorney by Grant administration.
  • 1872: Nominated for Congressbut did not win.
  • 1873: Nominated for Governor of Virginiabut did not win.
  • 1874: Named Judge of federal court for the Eastern District of Va.
  • 1898: Resigned judgeship.
  • 1901: Died at Abingdon, Va.

Dictionary of American Biography

From the guide to the Inventory of the Robert William Hughes Papers, 1818-1900, (Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary)

Charles Campbell (1807-1876) was born on 1 May 1807, in Petersburg, Virginia, the firstborn child of parents John Wilson Campbell (d.1842), and Mildred Walker Moore Campbell. John, a bookstore owner, was also a historian. In 1831 he published the History of Virginia to 1781 . Later, he held the position of Federal Collector of Customs in Petersburg, Virginia. Mildred taught at the Petersburg Classical Academy in the 1840's. In addition to Charles, the couple also had two younger children, Alexander (Aleck) S. Campbell, and Elizabeth (Betty) Campbell Maben (d.1871).

Charles' mother, Mildred Walker Moore Campbell, was the granddaughter of Virginia lieutenant governor Alexander Spotswood (1676-1740). Mildred Walker Moore Campbell and her siblings Mary Fairfax Moore Keller, Dr. Alexander Spotswood Moore, Ann Evelina Moore Henley, William Agustin Moore, Eliza Moore McDonald, and Lavinia Moore McPheeters wrote and received numerous pieces of personal correspondence that are available in this collection.

Charles Campbell attended the College of New Jersey (later Princeton University) from 1823-1825. Upon graduation he enrolled in Henry St. George Tucker's School of Law in Winchester, Virginia. However, he suffered from chronic headaches which caused him severe physical and mental exhaustion. By 1829, these health issues would force him to leave the law profession.

Following his departure from law, Campbell worked as an engineer of the Petersburg Railroad. Later he ran a private school for boys in Glencoe, Alabama. On 13 September 1836, he married Elvira N. Callaway (1819-1837) of Monroe County, Tennessee. In 1837, Elvira died shortly after the birth of a son, Callaway Campbell (b.1837). In his distress, Campbell left his son with Elivira's siblings, Thomas and Lucinda Callaway. Later, this would result in a court case to regain custody of his child.

Following the death of his wife, Campbell worked as a clerk in the office of the Collector of Custom in Petersburg, Virginia (a position he obtained from his father John Campbell). From 1840-1843, Campbell also owned, published, and edited a Petersburg newspaper, The American Statesman . He returned to teaching in 1842 by opening a classical school in Petersburg, becoming both teacher and administrator in the Anderson Seminary. He would hold these positions until the formation of free public schools in 1870.

Campbell remarried in 1850 to Miss Anna Birdsall of Rahway, New Jersey. They had four children, Mary Spotswood Campbell Robinson (b.1852), Nanny Campbell (b.1854), Charles Campbell (b.1856), and Fanny Campbell (1858-1860's).

Charles Campbell was committed to Western Lunatic Asylum at Staunton, Virginia, in 1873 where he remained until his death on July 11, 1876. He was buried at Blandford Church Cemetery, Petersburg.

Like his father, Campbell was a historian. He began contributing to journals in 1834. Some of the journals to which he frequently contributed included; The Southern Literary Messenger or The Southern and Western Literary Messenger and Review ; The Farmer's Register ; The New Yorker ; and the Petersburg Intelligencer . His most important work, however, was the History of the Colony and Ancient Dominion of Virginia . This work built upon his father's book and concerned Virginia history from the colony's founding to the Revolutionary War.

From the guide to the Charles Campbell Papers, 1743-1896., (Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary)

A noted American historian, diplomat, and public official, George Bancroft (1800-1891) was born on October 3, 1800, in Worcester, Massachusetts. He was the eighth of thirteen children born to Aaron and Lucretia (Chandler) Bancroft. After primary schooling in Worcester, Bancroft attended the Phillips Exeter Academy in New Hampshire and later graduated from Harvard in 1817. During his long career, Bancroft taught at the Round Hill School in Northampton, Massachusetts, served as the collector of the port of Boston, and held various public offices. In 1845, he was appointed Secretary of the Navy in President James K. Polk’s (1795-1849) cabinet and served in this position until 1846, during which he established the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland. Bancroft was then named as a United States minister to Great Britain from 1846-1849, and later to Germany from 1867 until his retirement in 1874. Bancroft settled in Washington, D.C., where he finished writing his ten volume set, History of the United States. He also kept a summer home in Newport, Rhode Island, at the Rosecliff mansion. George Bancroft died on January 1, 1891, in Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the George Bancroft note, Bancroft (George) note, undated, (Redwood Library and Athenaeum)

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