Bancroft, Mary R.

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Mary Bancroft, author and intelligence officer for the Office of Strategic Services, was born in Cambridge, Mass., in 1903, the daughter of Mary Agnes Cogan and Hugh Bancroft, later publisher of the Wall Street Journal. Bancroft studied at Smith College, and married Sherwin Badger; they had three children: a son who died in infancy, Sherwin Jr., and Mary Jane. Bancroft later married Jean Rufenacht, a Swiss businessman, and in the 1930s moved to Switzerland where she was analyzed by C.G. Jung. She subsequently worked for Allen Dulles in the Office of Strategic Services, and she was, for a time, his lover. She was divorced in 1947 and returned to the United States in 1953. Bancroft wrote for the Swiss press, was a translator and book reviewer, and published two novels, Upside Down in the Magnolia Tree and The Inseparables, and a memoir entitled Autobiography of a Spy. She was active in New York City politics, was a member of the Analytical Psychology Club of New York City, the C.G. Jung Foundation, and on the editorial board of Psychological Perspectives. She died in 1997.

From the description of Papers, 1872-1997 (inclusive), 1932-1987 (bulk). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 122593040

Mary Bancroft (1903-1997) was an author and intelligence officer for the Office of Strategic Services.

From the description of The Reminiscences of Mary Bancroft. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232009825

Spies, United States.

From the description of Reminiscences of Mary Bancroft : oral history, 1979-1980. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 269253002

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Bancroft, George, 1800-1891. George Bancroft papers, 1811-1901. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Howe, Helen, 1905-1975. Papers, 1872-1975 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Bancroft, Mary R. Samuel and Mary R. Bancroft Pre-Raphaelite archives, 1850-1991. Delaware Art Museum
referencedIn Howe, Helen, 1905-1975. Additional papers, 1872-1975 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Bancroft, Mary. Papers, 1872-1997 (inclusive), 1932-1987 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Bancroft, Mary,. The Reminiscences of Mary Bancroft. Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Bancroft, Mary,. Reminiscences of Mary Bancroft : oral history, 1979-1980. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Bancroft, George, 1800-1891. Papers of George Bancroft, 1811-1901. Library of Congress
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Akers, Anthony J. person
associatedWith Allen, Woody. person
associatedWith Analytical Psychology Club of New York, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Badger family. family
associatedWith Bancroft, George, 1800-1891. person
associatedWith Boswell, Haden. person
associatedWith Buckley, William F. (William Frank), 1925-2008. person
associatedWith Campbell, Persia Crawford, 1898-1974. person
associatedWith Casey, William J. person
associatedWith Cavett, Dick. person
associatedWith C.G. Jung Foundation for Analytical Psychology. corporateBody
associatedWith Chisholm, Shirley, 1924-2005. person
associatedWith DeSapio, Carmine G. (Carmine Gerard), 1908-2004. person
associatedWith Didion, Joan. person
associatedWith Dulles, Allen, 1893-1969. person
associatedWith Eastman, Max, 1883-1969. person
associatedWith Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969. person
associatedWith Farley, James J. person
associatedWith Flanner, Janet, 1892-1978. person
associatedWith Galbraith, John Kenneth, 1908-2006. person
associatedWith Gisevius, Hans Bernd, 1904-1974. person
associatedWith Goldwater, Barry M. (Barry Morris), 1909- person
associatedWith Gore, Albert, 1907-1998. person
associatedWith Higgins, George V. person
associatedWith Hitler, Adolf, 1889-1945 person
associatedWith Hope, Bob, 1903-2003. person
associatedWith Howe, Helen, 1905-1975. person
associatedWith Jessup, Frederick Peter, person
associatedWith Jessup, Frederick Peterson, person
associatedWith Jung, C. G. (Carl Gustav), 1875-1961. person
associatedWith Kael, Pauline. person
associatedWith Kefauver, Estes, 1903-1963. person
associatedWith Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963. person
associatedWith Kennedy Robert F., 1925-1968. person
associatedWith Koch, Ed, 1924- person
associatedWith Leff, James J., 1920- person
associatedWith Lindsay, John V. (John Vliet) person
associatedWith Luce, Henry Robinson, 1898-1967. person
associatedWith MacInnes, Helen, 1907-1985. person
associatedWith MacLeish, Archibald, 1892-1982. person
associatedWith Mailer, Norman. person
associatedWith McCully, Robert S., 1921- person
associatedWith Miller, Henry, 1891-1980. person
associatedWith Ottenberg, James. person
associatedWith Pucci, Emilio, 1914-1992. person
associatedWith Ross, Nancy Wilson, 1901-1986. person
associatedWith Rufenacht, Jean. person
associatedWith Rufenacht, J. G. (Jean Godefroy) person
associatedWith Schlesinger, Arthur Meier, 1917- person
associatedWith Shahn, Ben, 1898-1969. person
associatedWith Smith, Betty, 1896-1972. person
associatedWith Starr, Polly Thayer. person
associatedWith Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1900-1965. person
associatedWith Swanberg, W. A., 1907- person
associatedWith Tree, Marietta, 1917- person
associatedWith United States. Office of Strategic Services corporateBody
associatedWith Vonnegut, Kurt. person
associatedWith Walcott, William. person
associatedWith Wertenbaker, Charles, 1901-1955. person
associatedWith Wertenbaker, Lael Tucker, 1909- person
associatedWith West, Rebecca, 1892-1983. person
associatedWith Wilmer, Harry A., 1917-2005. person
associatedWith Wilson, Edmund, 1895-1972. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Switzerland
United States
New York (N.Y.)
Switzerland
Switzerland
Europe, Western
United States
Subject
Fame
Women spies--Biography
World War, 1939-1945--Secret service
Democratic Party (New York, N.Y.)
American literature--20th century
Translators--Biography
Authors, American
Espionage, American
Espionage, American--20th century
World War, 1939-1945
Women translators
Women spies
Spies--Interviews
Women authors
Authors
American
Occupation
Authors
Translator
Function

Person

Active 1872

Active 1997

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SNAC ID: 60050889