Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1900

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Charles Campbell (1807-1876) was born on 1 May 1807, in Petersburg, Virginia, the firstborn child of parents John Wilson Campbell (d.1842), and Mildred Walker Moore Campbell. John, a bookstore owner, was also a historian. In 1831 he published the History of Virginia to 1781 . Later, he held the position of Federal Collector of Customs in Petersburg, Virginia. Mildred taught at the Petersburg Classical Academy in the 1840's. In addition to Charles, the couple also had two younger children, Alexander (Aleck) S. Campbell, and Elizabeth (Betty) Campbell Maben (d.1871).

Charles' mother, Mildred Walker Moore Campbell, was the granddaughter of Virginia lieutenant governor Alexander Spotswood (1676-1740). Mildred Walker Moore Campbell and her siblings Mary Fairfax Moore Keller, Dr. Alexander Spotswood Moore, Ann Evelina Moore Henley, William Agustin Moore, Eliza Moore McDonald, and Lavinia Moore McPheeters wrote and received numerous pieces of personal correspondence that are available in this collection.

Charles Campbell attended the College of New Jersey (later Princeton University) from 1823-1825. Upon graduation he enrolled in Henry St. George Tucker's School of Law in Winchester, Virginia. However, he suffered from chronic headaches which caused him severe physical and mental exhaustion. By 1829, these health issues would force him to leave the law profession.

Following his departure from law, Campbell worked as an engineer of the Petersburg Railroad. Later he ran a private school for boys in Glencoe, Alabama. On 13 September 1836, he married Elvira N. Callaway (1819-1837) of Monroe County, Tennessee. In 1837, Elvira died shortly after the birth of a son, Callaway Campbell (b.1837). In his distress, Campbell left his son with Elivira's siblings, Thomas and Lucinda Callaway. Later, this would result in a court case to regain custody of his child.

Following the death of his wife, Campbell worked as a clerk in the office of the Collector of Custom in Petersburg, Virginia (a position he obtained from his father John Campbell). From 1840-1843, Campbell also owned, published, and edited a Petersburg newspaper, The American Statesman . He returned to teaching in 1842 by opening a classical school in Petersburg, becoming both teacher and administrator in the Anderson Seminary. He would hold these positions until the formation of free public schools in 1870.

Campbell remarried in 1850 to Miss Anna Birdsall of Rahway, New Jersey. They had four children, Mary Spotswood Campbell Robinson (b.1852), Nanny Campbell (b.1854), Charles Campbell (b.1856), and Fanny Campbell (1858-1860's).

Charles Campbell was committed to Western Lunatic Asylum at Staunton, Virginia, in 1873 where he remained until his death on July 11, 1876. He was buried at Blandford Church Cemetery, Petersburg.

Like his father, Campbell was a historian. He began contributing to journals in 1834. Some of the journals to which he frequently contributed included; The Southern Literary Messenger or The Southern and Western Literary Messenger and Review ; The Farmer's Register ; The New Yorker ; and the Petersburg Intelligencer . His most important work, however, was the History of the Colony and Ancient Dominion of Virginia . This work built upon his father's book and concerned Virginia history from the colony's founding to the Revolutionary War.

From the guide to the Charles Campbell Papers, 1743-1896., (Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn 18th century city fines collection: Broadside, 1789 July 22. Temple University Libraries, Paley Library
creatorOf Charlotte County Bar. Letter to President Buchanan [manuscript], 1860. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1900. Papers. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Syracuse/Onondaga Historical Association presentation lantern slide collection. New York State Historical Documents (Albany, N.Y.)
creatorOf Henry, William A. Letter : Detroit, to William Henry, 1837 July 4. Bryn Mawr College, Mariam Coffin Canaday Library
referencedIn Smith, William Henry. Business papers of William Henry Smith [manuscript], 1846-1890. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Menard, Pierre, 1766-1844. Papers, 1741-1910 (bulk 1785-1844) Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Unknown. Invoices from Hellesport (Ship), 1833-1834. Peabody Essex Museum
creatorOf Henry, Joseph. ALS, [18]60 January 15 : Washington, D.C. to brother W[illia]m Henry / Jos. Henry. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Latta, Robert, d. 1852. Robert Latta papers, 1797-1883; (bulk, 1830-1852). University of South Carolina, System Library Service, University Libraries
referencedIn Autograph File, H Houghton Library
referencedIn Kenner, Duncan Farrar, 1813-1887. Papers of Duncan Farrar Kenner, 1882-1899. Library of Congress
creatorOf Tyler, Moses Coit, 1835-1900. Moses Coit Tyler collection, 1779-1899 (bulk 1850-1899). Cornell University Library
referencedIn Henry, Patrick, 1736-1799. Papers, 1777-1897. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Syracuse (N.Y.). Board of Supervisors. Syracuse Board of Supervisors accounts, 1849-1850. New York State Historical Documents (Albany, N.Y.)
referencedIn D. Appleton and Company. Correspondence, 1864-1933. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Photographic Portrait File The Huntington Library
referencedIn Stevens, Nathaniel, 1786-1865. Papers, 1827-1857. Maine Historical Society Library
creatorOf Lee, Charles Carter, 1798-1871. Papers of Charles Carter Lee and the Lee family [manuscript], 1768-1931 (bulk 1780-1871). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Henry family genealogy, 19uu.
referencedIn Fitch, John, 1743-1798. Henry family papers, 1767-1889. Valentine Richmond Historical Center
creatorOf Campbell, Charles, 1807-1876. Papers, 1743-1896. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIg, 1887-1891 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Ulyat, William Leigh, 1874-1951. Letters, 1947 June 30. Historical Society of Princeton
creatorOf Henry, William. Letter : Wyoming, Pa., to "Dear Selden," 1864 June 11. Bryn Mawr College, Mariam Coffin Canaday Library
creatorOf Charles Campbell Papers, 1743-1896. Special Collections Research Center, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary
referencedIn Henry family. Papers : of the Henry family, 1763-1920. Virginia Historical Society Library
referencedIn Various. 1995 Library Accessions, 1794-1995. Peabody Essex Museum
referencedIn [Map of the area later bounded by 81st and 86th Streets, Central Park at the proposed 6th Avenue, and Columbus Avenue, Manhattan, New York (N.Y.)]. New-York Historical Society Library
creatorOf Henry, William. Letter : Wyoming, Pa., to Ellen and Jane Henry, 1861 July 22. Bryn Mawr College, Mariam Coffin Canaday Library
referencedIn Justice of the Peace crime logs, 1849-1850. New York State Historical Documents (Albany, N.Y.)
creatorOf Cabell, Agnes S. B. Gamble, ca. 1781-ca. 1862,. Wirt family correspondence, 1824-1890, n.d. University of Virginia. Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Bancroft, George, 1800-1891 person
associatedWith Barnard, Henry, 1811-1900 person
associatedWith Cabell, Nathaniel Francis, 1807-1891 person
associatedWith Campbell, Anna Burdsall, Mrs. person
associatedWith Campbell, Calloway. person
associatedWith Campbell, Charles person
associatedWith Campbell, Charles, 1807-1876. person
associatedWith Campbell Family. family
associatedWith Campbell, Mildred Walker Moore, Mrs. person
associatedWith Carter, Mary B. person
associatedWith Caruthers, William Alexander, 1800 (ca.)-1846. person
associatedWith Charlotte County Bar. corporateBody
associatedWith Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886 person
associatedWith D. Appleton and Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Deane, Charles, 1813-1889 person
associatedWith Draper, Lyman Copeland, 1815-1891 person
associatedWith Gilpin, Henry Dilworth, 1801-1860 person
associatedWith Grigsby, Hugh Blair, 1806-1881 person
associatedWith Henry, Ellen. person
associatedWith Henry family. family
associatedWith Henry, Jane. person
associatedWith Henry, Joseph. person
associatedWith Henry, Patrick, 1736-1799. person
associatedWith Henry, William A. person
associatedWith Henry, William, Jr. person
associatedWith Howe, Henry, 1816-1893 person
associatedWith Kenner, Duncan Farrar, 1813-1887. person
associatedWith Latta, Robert, d. 1852. person
associatedWith Lee, Charles Carter, 1798-1871 person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. person
associatedWith Lossing, Benson John, 1813-1891 person
associatedWith Maxwell, William, 1784-1857 person
associatedWith Menard, Pierre, 1766-1844. person
associatedWith Ruffin, Edmund, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Smith, William Henry. person
correspondedWith Stevens, Nathaniel, 1786-1865. person
associatedWith Syracuse (N.Y.). Board of Supervisors. corporateBody
associatedWith Tyler, Moses Coit, 1835-1900. person
correspondedWith Ulyat, William Leigh, 1874-1951. person
associatedWith Unknown. family
associatedWith Various. corporateBody
associatedWith Virginia Historical Society. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
Manassas (Va.)
Petersburg (Va.). Library


Birth 1831-02-14

Death 1900-12-05


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