Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886

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Novelist, historian, lawyer, and Confederate Army Officer, of Millwood (Clarke Co.), Va.

From the description of Papers, 1840-1896. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19490602

Virginia novelist and historian.

From the description of Letter to William E. Quimby [manuscript], 1883 March 22. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647807855

From the description of Papers of John Esten Cooke, n.d. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 32959014

Virginia author.

From the description of Letter of John Esten Cooke [manuscript], 1882 May 12. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647826965

Author, historian, and Confederate army officer.

From the description of John Esten Cooke papers, 1846-1886. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 145381243

John Esten Cooke (1830-1886), Virginia novelist.

From the description of John Esten Cooke letters, 1861-1862. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38475768

American novelist.

From the description of Autograph letters signed (5) : Richmond, to Harper & Brothers, 1855 Jan. 2-Oct. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270533417

From the description of Autograph letter signed : "The Briars" [near Boyce], Virginia, to Joseph B. Gilder, 1884 Aug. 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 643577598

From the description of Papers of John Esten Cooke [manuscript], 1810-1883 (bulk 1858-1869). (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647807713

Author of novels and histories, Cooke dealt with the life, manners, and history of the people of Virginia, his native state, in most of his works.

From the description of War diary of John Esten Cooke [manuscript], 1864 January-April. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647835596

Writer of historical fiction.

From the description of Letter, 1875 Apr. 30, Millwood, Va., [to] W[illiam] R. Dorlon. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 32877572

Charles Campbell (1807-1876) was born on 1 May 1807, in Petersburg, Virginia, the firstborn child of parents John Wilson Campbell (d.1842), and Mildred Walker Moore Campbell. John, a bookstore owner, was also a historian. In 1831 he published the History of Virginia to 1781 . Later, he held the position of Federal Collector of Customs in Petersburg, Virginia. Mildred taught at the Petersburg Classical Academy in the 1840's. In addition to Charles, the couple also had two younger children, Alexander (Aleck) S. Campbell, and Elizabeth (Betty) Campbell Maben (d.1871).

Charles' mother, Mildred Walker Moore Campbell, was the granddaughter of Virginia lieutenant governor Alexander Spotswood (1676-1740). Mildred Walker Moore Campbell and her siblings Mary Fairfax Moore Keller, Dr. Alexander Spotswood Moore, Ann Evelina Moore Henley, William Agustin Moore, Eliza Moore McDonald, and Lavinia Moore McPheeters wrote and received numerous pieces of personal correspondence that are available in this collection.

Charles Campbell attended the College of New Jersey (later Princeton University) from 1823-1825. Upon graduation he enrolled in Henry St. George Tucker's School of Law in Winchester, Virginia. However, he suffered from chronic headaches which caused him severe physical and mental exhaustion. By 1829, these health issues would force him to leave the law profession.

Following his departure from law, Campbell worked as an engineer of the Petersburg Railroad. Later he ran a private school for boys in Glencoe, Alabama. On 13 September 1836, he married Elvira N. Callaway (1819-1837) of Monroe County, Tennessee. In 1837, Elvira died shortly after the birth of a son, Callaway Campbell (b.1837). In his distress, Campbell left his son with Elivira's siblings, Thomas and Lucinda Callaway. Later, this would result in a court case to regain custody of his child.

Following the death of his wife, Campbell worked as a clerk in the office of the Collector of Custom in Petersburg, Virginia (a position he obtained from his father John Campbell). From 1840-1843, Campbell also owned, published, and edited a Petersburg newspaper, The American Statesman . He returned to teaching in 1842 by opening a classical school in Petersburg, becoming both teacher and administrator in the Anderson Seminary. He would hold these positions until the formation of free public schools in 1870.

Campbell remarried in 1850 to Miss Anna Birdsall of Rahway, New Jersey. They had four children, Mary Spotswood Campbell Robinson (b.1852), Nanny Campbell (b.1854), Charles Campbell (b.1856), and Fanny Campbell (1858-1860's).

Charles Campbell was committed to Western Lunatic Asylum at Staunton, Virginia, in 1873 where he remained until his death on July 11, 1876. He was buried at Blandford Church Cemetery, Petersburg.

Like his father, Campbell was a historian. He began contributing to journals in 1834. Some of the journals to which he frequently contributed included; The Southern Literary Messenger or The Southern and Western Literary Messenger and Review ; The Farmer's Register ; The New Yorker ; and the Petersburg Intelligencer . His most important work, however, was the History of the Colony and Ancient Dominion of Virginia . This work built upon his father's book and concerned Virginia history from the colony's founding to the Revolutionary War.

From the guide to the Charles Campbell Papers, 1743-1896., (Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Benjamin, J. P. (Judah Philip), 1811-1884,. Papers of the Grinnan family of Brampton, Madison Co., Va. 1773 (1843-1937) 1981. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Papers of John Esten Cooke [manuscript], 1810-1883 (bulk 1858-1869). University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Letters to Charles James Faulkner [manuscript], 1873 and 1884. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn William Gilmore Simms collection of papers, 1839]-[1869? The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
referencedIn Barr, Stringfellow, 1897-1982. Papers of the Virginia quarterly review [manuscript] 1920-29. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Manuscript [manuscript], n.d. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Browne, William Hand, 1828-1912. Letter to [John Esten Cooke], 1884 February 19. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Autograph File, C, 1554-2002. Houghton Library
referencedIn Taylor, Charles Elisha, 1842-1915. Papers of Charles Elisha Taylor, 1849-1874. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth. Letters to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. 1761-1904. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Manuscripts of John Esten Cooke [manuscript], n.d. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Papers, 1840-1896. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Alden, Henry Mills, 1836-1919. American and English literary and historical papers collected by Atcheson L. Hench [manuscript] 1782-1944. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Letter, 1883, Feb. 20, Boyce, Va., to W.P. Woolley. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Appleton-Century mss., 1846-1962 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly
referencedIn Adams, James Truslow, 1878-1949. Barrett assorted authors collection [manuscript] 1814-1947. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Bunce, Oliver Bell, 1828-1890. Letter to John Esten Cooke [manuscript] 1881 Sept. 8. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Letters of John Esten Cooke [manuscript], 1870-1881. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Collection of John Esten Cooke [manuscript], 1852-1885 and n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Literary autograph collection [manuscript], 1852-1937. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Simms, William Gilmore, 1806-1870. Papers of William Gilmore Simms [manuscript], 1839-1870. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Gaddy, Fannie Bennett. Correspondence, 1864-1880. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Benjamin, Park, 1809-1864. Benjamin Park papers, 1645-1925. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Annals of the war; chapters of unwritten history, 1877 March 24-1888 July 7. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Simms, William Gilmore, 1806-1870. Letter, [1866] May 4 : Charleston to John Esten Cooke, Millwood, near Winchester, Virginia. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Cooke, Philip Pendleton, 1816-1850. Papers of Philip Pendleton Cooke [manuscript], n.d. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hayne, Paul Hamilton, 1830-1886. Paul Hamilton Hayne papers, 1849-1978. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Thompson, John Reuben, 1823-1873. Papers of John R. Thompson [manuscript], 1842-1926. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Charles Campbell Papers, 1743-1896. Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary
referencedIn Hawthorne, Sophia Peabody, 1809-1871. Barrett photographs and portraits [manuscript], 1856-1907. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Campbell, Charles, 1807-1876. Papers, 1743-1896. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Park Benjamin Papers, 1645-1925. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Beverley, Robert,. DuVal family papers, 1799-1937. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Letter of John Esten Cooke [manuscript], 1882 May 12. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Autograph letters signed (5) : Richmond, to Harper & Brothers, 1855 Jan. 2-Oct. 24. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf English, Thomas D. Ben Bolt : autograph manuscript signed : Kanawha Saline, Va., 1855 Dec. 25. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Armsby, James H., 1809-1875,. American and English literary and historical papers collected by Atcheson L. Hench [manuscript] 1787-1914. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Papers of John Esten Cooke, n.d. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Autograph letter signed : "The Briars" [near Boyce], Virginia, to Joseph B. Gilder, 1884 Aug. 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Manuscript and engraving [manuscript], 1884 and n.d. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Obituaries of George W. Bagby-and John H. Chamberlayne, 1882-1883. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Simms, William Gilmore, 1806-1870. William Gilmore Simms correspondence, 1842-1866. Library of Congress
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Letter to J.B. Lippincott [manuscript], 1871 November 28. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Letter [18]82 Nov. 15, Boyce, Va., to Mr. Woolley [n.p.] University of Michigan
creatorOf Stedman, Edmund Clarence, 1833-1908,. Poets of America collection, 1800-1908. University of Michigan
referencedIn Eggleston, George Cary, 1839-1911. Papers of George Cary Eggleston, 1874-1906. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Autograph verses and photographs of Southern poets of the Civil War, circa 1860-1870 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company contracts, 1831-1979 (inclusive) 1880-1940 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Letter of John Esten Cooke, Richmond to H.O. Middleton [manuscript], 1853 Nov. 8. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Letter to William E. Quimby [manuscript], 1883 March 22. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Price, Frank James, 1917-. Frank James Price volumes, 1866-1893. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Letter to J.E.B. Stuart [manuscript], 1864 April 15. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. War diary of John Esten Cooke [manuscript], 1864 January-April. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Papers of John Esten Cooke [manuscript], 1849-1899. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Williams Family. Papers of the Williams Family [Manuscript], 1798-1987 (bulk 1802-1972). University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Letter to [J. C.? ] Derby [manuscript], 1886 October 20. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Bell, John, 1797-1869,. Letters of R.M.T. Hunter, F. Mallory and Alfred, Lord Tennyson, 1841-1883. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Letter, 1875 Apr. 30, Millwood, Va., [to] W[illiam] R. Dorlon. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Johnston family. Papers, 1779-1891. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Cooke, Robert Powel Page, 1874-1952. Robert Powel Page Cooke letters to Colonel Nathan N. Wallack, 1941. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Simms, William Gilmore, 1806-1870. William Gilmore Simms collection of papers, [1839]-[1869?]. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Cleveland, Henry Whitney, 1836-1907. Henry Whitney Cleveland : papers, 1863-1906. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. John Esten Cooke letters, 1861-1862. Georgia Newspaper Project
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. John Esten Cooke papers, 1846-1886. Library of Congress
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Letter to Theodore F. Dwight, 1866 May 8. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Stuart, Jeb, 1833-1864. Papers, 1832-1962. Virginia Historical Society Library
referencedIn Howells family papers, 1850-1954 (inclusive). Houghton Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Letter to James R. Osgood concerning financial matters [manuscript] 30 May 1885. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Papers of John Esten Cooke [manuscript], 1811-1860 and n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Rees & Co. Composite photograph of southern poets, n.d. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Autograph letter signed : Richmond, to Messrs. Miller & Curtis, 1857 June 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. Letter to his publishers? regarding publication of Surry and the dedication for it [manuscript] 1866 Jan. 8. University of Virginia. Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Appleton, William Hyde, 1842-1926. person
associatedWith Bagby, George William, 1828-1883. person
associatedWith Bancroft, George, 1800-1891 person
associatedWith Barnard, Henry, 1811-1900 person
associatedWith Barney, W.G., person
associatedWith Benjamin, Park, 1809-1864. person
associatedWith Benjamin, Park, 1849-1922 person
associatedWith Blackford, William M., 1801-1864, person
associatedWith Boteler, Alexander Robinson, 1815-1892. person
associatedWith Brock, R. A. (Robert Alonzo), 1839-1914. person
associatedWith Browne, William Hand, 1828-1912. person
associatedWith Bunce, Oliver Bell, 1828-1890. person
associatedWith Burie, O. B. person
associatedWith Cabell, Nathaniel Francis, 1807-1891 person
associatedWith Campbell, Anna Burdsall, Mrs. person
associatedWith Campbell, Calloway. person
associatedWith Campbell, Charles person
associatedWith Campbell, Charles, 1807-1876. person
associatedWith Campbell Family. family
associatedWith Campbell, Mildred Walker Moore, Mrs. person
associatedWith Carter, Mary B. person
associatedWith Caruthers, William Alexander, 1800 (ca.)-1846. person
associatedWith Childs, George William, 1829-1894, person
associatedWith Clarke, M. B. T. person
associatedWith Cleveland, Henry Whitney, 1836-1907. person
associatedWith Confederate States of America. Army. corporateBody
associatedWith Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886. A history of the people. person
associatedWith Cooke, John Esten, 1930-1886. person
associatedWith Cooke, John Rogers, 1788-1854. person
associatedWith Cooke, Philip Pendleton, 1815-1860 person
associatedWith Cooke, Philip Pendleton, 1816-1850. person
associatedWith Cooke, Robert Powel Page, 1874-1952. person
associatedWith Cooke, Stephen, fl. 1810, person
correspondedWith D. Appleton-Century Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Deane, Charles, 1813-1889 person
associatedWith De Hass, Wills, 1818?-1910. person
associatedWith Derby, J. C. (James Cephas), 1818-1892 person
associatedWith De Vere, Maxmilan Schele, 1820-1898. person
associatedWith Didier, Eugene Lemoine, 1838-1913, person
associatedWith Disraeli, Benjamin, Earl of Beaconsfield, 1804-1881. person
correspondedWith Dorlon, William R. person
associatedWith Douglas, Henry Kyd, 1838-1903. person
associatedWith Draper, Lyman Copeland, 1815-1891 person
associatedWith Duyckinck, Evert A. (Evert Augustus), 1816-1878. person
associatedWith Duyckinck, George L. (George Long), 1823-1863, person
associatedWith Dwight, Theodore Frelinghuysen, 1846-1915, person
associatedWith Eggleston, George Cary, 1839-1911. person
associatedWith English, Thomas D. person
associatedWith English, Thomas Dunn, 1819-1902 person
associatedWith Evelyn, William Arthur, 1860-1935. person
associatedWith Ewell, Richard Stoddert, 1817-1872. person
associatedWith Faulkner, Charles James, 1806-1884, person
associatedWith Gaddy, Fannie Bennett. person
associatedWith Gilder, Joseph Benson, 1858-1936, person
associatedWith Gilpin, Henry Dilworth, 1801-1860 person
associatedWith Grigsby, Hugh Blair, 1806-1881 person
associatedWith Griswold, Rufus W. (Rufus Wilmot), 1815-1857, person
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associatedWith Harper & Brothers, corporateBody
associatedWith Harper, J. W. person
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associatedWith Lee, Charles Carter, 1798-1871. person
associatedWith Lee, Fitzhugh, 1835-1905, person
associatedWith Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870. person
associatedWith Lee, William Henry Fitzhugh, 1837-1891. person
associatedWith Leigh, Benjamin Watkins, 1781-1849. person
associatedWith Letcher, John, 1813-1884, person
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associatedWith Osgood, James R. (James Ripley), 1836-1892. person
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associatedWith Pendleton, Alexander Swift, 1840-1864. person
associatedWith Poague, William Thomas, 1835-1914, person
associatedWith Poe, Edgar Allan, 1809-1849. person
associatedWith Price, Frank James, 1917- person
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associatedWith Rees & Co. corporateBody
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associatedWith Sands, Alexander H. (Alexander Hamilton), 1828-1887. person
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associatedWith Skelton, John Clifford, 1815-1888. person
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associatedWith Thompson, John Reuben, 1823-1873. person
associatedWith Tucker, Beverley, 1784-1851. person
associatedWith Twain, Mark, 1835-1910. person
associatedWith Virginia County Court (Chesterfield County) corporateBody
associatedWith Virginia Historical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Williams family. family
associatedWith Woolley. person
associatedWith Woolley, W. P., person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Southern states
United States
United States
Confederate States of America
United States
Chesterfield County (Va.)
Southern States
United States
Southern states
United States
United States
United States
Virginia
Richmond (Va.)
Subject
Authors and publishers
Petersburg Crater, Battle of, Va., 1864
Soldiers
Authors--Correspondence
Gaines' Mill, Battle of, Va., 1862
Fredericksburg, Battle of, Fredericksburg, Va., 1862
Domestic relations
Hay fever
Virginia--History--Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775--Historiography
Education--Virginia--History
Authors, American
Chancellorsville, Battle of, Chancellorsville, Va., 1863
Proofreading
Autographs
Petersburg (Va.). Library
Women--History
Married people
Occupation
Authors
Historians
Army officers, Confederate
Function

Person

Birth 1830-11-03

Death 1886-09-27

English

Information

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