Vignaud, Henry, 1830-1922

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Henry Vignaud, born in New Orleans, La., was a newspaper editor before the Civil War. Commissioned a captain in the 6th Louisiana Regiment, he was taken prisoner when Union forces captured New Orleans in 1862 but escaped to Paris, where he assisted in John Slidell's Confederate mission. Vignaud contined to live in Paris, serving as secretary of the American legation from 1875 until his retirement in 1909. A scholar and book collector, Vignaud built an extensive library of Americana and gained an international reputation as an historian for his work on Christopher Columbus.

From the description of Henry Vignaud papers, 1862-1909. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 191091199

Henry Vignaud (1830-1922) was a journalist, diplomat, and historian, best known for his works on Columbus and European exploration in the 15th-16th centuries. He worked on a history of cartography, which was never completed.

From the description of Henry Vignaud research notes on cartography, circa 1893-1922. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702188286

Historian, editor, Secretary to U.S. Legation in Paris, 1875-1909, and member of various diplomatic missions.

From the description of Henry Vignaud papers, 1842-1912. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 68796086

From the description of Papers, 1842-1912. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34365876

Henry Vignaud, born in New Orleans, La., was a newspaper editor before the Civil War. Commissioned as a captain in the 6th Louisiana Regiment, he was taken prisoner when Union forces captured New Orleans in 1862, but escaped to Paris, where he assisted in John Slidell's Confederate mission. Vignaud contined to live in Paris, serving as secretary of the American legation from 1875 until his retirement in 1909. A scholar and book collector, Vignaud built an extensive library of Americana and gained an international reputation as an historian for his work on Columbus.

From the description of Henry Vignaud letter, 1920 Nov. 28. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 191046161

Henry Vignaud, diplomat and historian, was born in New Orleans in 1830.

After working with the Confederate mission to France during the Civil War, he was later appointed to the U. S. legation in Paris in 1875 and was promoted to secretary in 1885. Vignaud also distinguished himself for his researches into the career of Columbus and for studies of aboriginal America.

From the description of Letter : Paris, to Henry Harrisse, [ca. 1891]. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 40560212

Henry Vignaud

Jean-Héliodore Vignaud was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, on November 27, 1830, the eldest of six children of Jean Lucien Vignaud and Clémence Godefroi. Jean- Héliodore later changed his name to Henry Vignaud. Vignaud taught school in New Orleans before founding two weekly journals, L'Union de la Fourche and La Renaissance Louisiannaise . During the Civil War, he served as captain of the Confederate Army's 6th Louisiana Regiment until his capture during the fall of New Orleans in 1862. Vignaud fled to France after his imprisonment and remained there for the rest of his life.

In 1863, Vignaud became secretary of the Confederate Diplomatic Commission to Paris, and, after the war, Chancellor of the Romanian Diplomatic Agency. From 1875 to 1909, he served as secretary to the American legation in Paris. Vignaud developed an interest in early American history and frequently corresponded with the self-styled "Americanistes" Pierre Margry and Henry Harrisse. He became president of the Société des Americanistes de Paris (1908), and he published many works on American history. He married Louise Compte in 1879 and lived in the Parisian suburb of Bagneux. Henry Vignaud died in 1922.

Pierre Margry

Pierre Margry was born in Paris in 1818 the son of a painter. Margry finished his studies at College Charlemagne in 1838. Against the advice of his father, Margry decided to embark on a literary career. He accepted a position in the government while also writing articles for newspapers and teaching Latin, French, and English. Margry was hired by General Cass, the American Ambassador to France, for three years and later at the advice of Cass, Margry was hired by M. Brodhead, who was looking for documents relating to the colonial history of the state of New York. This position launched Margry's research and publishing career and developing his interest in North American colonial history. Margry published several works on the subject throughout his career. He served as archivist to the Ministry of the Navy and Colonies Pierre Margry died on March 27, 1894.

Henry Harrisse

Henry Harrisse was born in Paris in 1829, but emigrated to the United States at a young age to live with his family. He practiced law in Chicago before returning to Paris, where he met Henry Vignaud, Pierre Margry, and other "Americanistes." He published works on American history and Egyptology. Henry Harrisse died in 1910.

From the guide to the Henry Vignaud papers, Vignaud, Henry papers, 1840-1922, 1860-1915, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Henry Vignaud was a journalist, diplomat, and historian. He was born and educated in New Orleans. His career as a journalist commenced with articles for the newspapers of New Orleans. With the outbreak of the Civil War, he became a captain in the 6th Louisiana Regiment but was imprisoned in 1862, when New Orleans was captured by the Union Army. He escaped, went to Paris, and never returned to the United States.

In Paris, Vignaud entered the service of the Confederate mission under John Slidell. In 1869, he was appointed to a secretaryship in the Roumanian legation at Paris. On December 14, 1875, he was appointed second secretary of the United States legation in Paris, and on April 11, 1885, was promoted to be first secretary. For thirty-four years, he was an indensable member of the Paris mission, frequently acting as chargé d'affaires, and serving always with distinction.

Vignaud's distinction was achieved after the age of seventy. His special interest in Columbus grew out of his close association with Henry Harrisse and with the Peruvian scholar Manuel Gonzalez de la Rosa, and the publications of the Columbian anniversary in 1892. He published several works on Columbus and European exploration during the 15th and 16th centuries, including: La Lettre et la Carte de Toscanelli (1901), Toscanelli and Columbus (1902), Études critiques sur la vie de Colomb avant ses découvertes (1905), Histoire critique de la grande entreprise de Christophe Colomb (2 vols., 1911), Améric Vespuce, 1451-1512 (1917), and Christophe Colomb et la Légende (1921).

Vignaud also displayed a broad interest in the whole range of studies of aboriginal America and of the earliest European contacts with the new world. His work was recognized by the award of numerous honors and prizes, and by election as a foreign corresponding member of the Institut de France.

Vignaud's library of many thousand books, pamphlets, and maps now resides at the University of Michigan.

Vignaud's work also includes an unfinished history of cartography in approximately 650,000 words.

Biographical note has been excerpted from Dictionary of American Biography (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1936), s.v. "Vignaud, Henry"

From the guide to the Henry Vignaud Research Notes on Cartography, circa 1893-1922, (Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Sommerville, Maxwell, 1829-1904. Letter, 1897 Oct. 15, Paris, to [Henry] Vignaud [Paris] University of Michigan
referencedIn Henry Harrisse papers, 1853-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Henry Vignaud papers, Vignaud, Henry papers, 1840-1922, 1860-1915 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Stanton, Theodore, 1851-1925. Letter [1894] Jun. 8, Paris, to [Henry] Vignaud [Paris] University of Michigan
creatorOf Vignaud, Henry, 1830-1922. Henry Vignaud research notes on cartography, circa 1893-1922. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Chaillé-Long, C. (Charles), 1842-1917. C. Chaillé-Long papers, 1809-1918 (bulk 1863-1918). Library of Congress
creatorOf Vignaud, Henry, 1830-1922. Henry Vignaud papers, 1842-1912. University of Michigan
creatorOf Harrisse, Henry, 1829-1910. Henry Harrisse papers, 1853-1924. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn C. Chaillé-Long Papers, 1809-1918, (bulk 1863-1918) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Harrisse, Henry, 1829-1910. Calques et fac-similes : l'anciennes cartes sur l'Amerique avant 1550 surtout / Henry Harrisse. Newberry Library
creatorOf Chaillé-Long, C. (Charles), 1842-1917. Letters, to Henry Vignaud, 1894-1898. University of Michigan
creatorOf Vignaud, Henry, 1830-1922. Henry Vignaud papers, 1862-1909. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Vignaud, Henry, 1830-1922. Letter : Paris, to Henry Harrisse, [ca. 1891]. Newberry Library
creatorOf Fernández Duro, Cesáreo, 1830-1908. Summary of Viajes del infante D. Pedro de Portugal [1903] University of Michigan
creatorOf Henry Vignaud Research Notes on Cartography, circa 1893-1922 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Vignaud, Henry, 1830-1922. Papers, 1842-1912. University of Michigan
creatorOf Vignaud, Henry, 1830-1922. Letter to Mr. Hutchinson : Paris : ALS, [19--?] Feb. 24. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Viterbo, Sousa, 1845-1910. Letter, 1906 Aug. 15, Benfica [Port.] to Henry Vignaud, Paris. University of Michigan
creatorOf Bigelow, John, 1817-1911. Letter [1888] Jul. 26, Reigate, England, to Henry Vignaud [n.p.] University of Michigan
creatorOf Vignaud, Henry, 1830-1922. Letter, 1904 Nov. 19, Paris, to Duc de La Tremoille [Paris] University of Michigan
creatorOf Estala, Pedro. Letter, 1888 Mai 22, Paris, to Henry Vignaud, Paris. University of Michigan
referencedIn Autograph File, V, 1476-1947. Houghton Library
creatorOf Vignaud, Henry, 1830-1922. Henry Vignaud letter, 1920 Nov. 28. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Edward Dean, 1846-1931. person
associatedWith Bancroft, George, 1800-1891. person
associatedWith Bartholdi, Frédéric Auguste, 1834-1904 person
associatedWith Bermudez, Edward, 1832-1892. person
associatedWith Bigelow, John, 1817-1911. person
associatedWith Bigot, Paul-Marie-Arsène, 1870-1942. person
associatedWith Canonge, L. Placide (Louis Placide), 1822-1893. person
associatedWith Carnot, Sadi, 1837-1894. person
associatedWith Chaillé-Long, C. (Charles), 1842-1917. person
associatedWith Columbus, Christopher. person
associatedWith Columbus, Christopher. person
associatedWith Comité d'initiative de la Statue du Maréchal De Rochambeau. corporateBody
associatedWith Comité d'initiative de la Statue du Maréchal De Rochambeau. corporateBody
associatedWith Conway, Moncure Daniel, 1832-1907. person
associatedWith Cordier, Henri, 1849-1925. person
associatedWith De la Tour, Ernest. person
associatedWith Delisle, Léopold, 1826-1910. person
associatedWith Denis, Ferdinand, 1798-1890 person
associatedWith Duflot de Mofras, Eugène, 1810-1884. person
associatedWith Dumez, Eugene, 1824-1878. person
associatedWith Duvernoy, G. L. (George Louis), 1777-1855. person
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Estala, Pedro. person
associatedWith Eustis, James B. (James Biddle), 1834-1899 person
associatedWith Fernández Duro, Cesáreo, 1830-1908. person
associatedWith Fling, Fred Morrow, 1860-1934. person
associatedWith Gilman, Daniel Coit, 1831-1908. person
associatedWith Hanotaux, Gabriel, 1853-1944. person
associatedWith Harrisse, Henry, 1829-1910. person
associatedWith Hausen, Jules. person
associatedWith Hutchinson, Mr. person
associatedWith King, Grace Elizabeth, 1852-1932. person
associatedWith Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834 person
associatedWith La Trémoille, Louis, duc de, 1838-1911. person
associatedWith Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College corporateBody
associatedWith Margry, Pierre, 1818-1894 person
associatedWith McLane, Robert M. (Robert Milligan), 1815-1898. person
associatedWith Newberry Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Prichard, Walter, 1887-1965. person
associatedWith Rhodes, Albert, b. 1840. person
associatedWith Rice, Allen Thorndike, 1851-1889. person
associatedWith Slidell, John, 1793-1871. person
associatedWith Smalley, George W. (George Washburn), 1833-1916. person
associatedWith Société des américanistes de Paris. corporateBody
associatedWith Société des américanistes (France) corporateBody
associatedWith Sommerville, Maxwell, 1829-1904. person
associatedWith Stanton, Theodore, 1851-1925. person
associatedWith Stevens, Benjamin Franklin, 1833-1902 person
associatedWith Trescot, William Henry, 1822-1898. person
associatedWith United States. Dept. of State. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Legation (France) corporateBody
associatedWith Van Evrie, John H., 1814-1896. person
associatedWith Viterbo, Sousa, 1845-1910. person
associatedWith Waller, John Lewis, 1850-1907 person
associatedWith Washington, George, 1732-1799 person
associatedWith Wharton, Francis, 1820-1889. person
associatedWith Wieder, F. C. (Frederik Caspar), 1874-1943. person
associatedWith Winsor, Justin, 1831-1897. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
France--Paris
Confederate States of America
Bagneux (Hauts-de-Seine, France)
France--Paris
Paris (France)
France--Paris
Saint John the Baptist Parish (La.)
Louisiana
Louisiana--New Orleans
France
America
Louisiana--Baton Rouge
Great Britain
Subject
Historiography
Cartography--History
American literature
Journalism
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)
America--Discovery and exploration
Early maps
French--American newspapers
Theater
French--American literature
Diplomatic and consular service, American
American
Monuments
Manuscripts, American
Louisiana Purchase
Occupation
Historians--France--Paris
Diplomats--United States
College teachers--Louisiana--Baton Rouge
Newspaper editors--Louisiana--New Orleans
Judges--Louisiana
Historians--Louisiana--Baton Rouge
Soldiers--Louisiana--New Orleans
Journalists--Louisiana
Authors, American
Historians--Louisiana
Function

Person

Birth 1830-11-27

Death 1922-09-19

Americans

French,

English

Information

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