Deane, Charles, 1813-1889

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Charles Deane was a merchant with the firm of Waterston, Pray & Company. He retired from the firm in 1864 and devoted himself to researching early American history.

From the description of Letter, 1879 Oct[obe]r 17, Cambridge, Mass., to Samuel Eliot [Boston, Mass.]. (Colonial Williamsburg Foundation). WorldCat record id: 15143373

American historian.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Boston, Messrs. Bartlett & Welford, booksellers in New York, 1848 Feb. 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270516015

Charles Deane was born in Biddeford, present-day Maine, on November 10, 1813, the son of Ezra Deane, a physician. He attended local schools before moving to Boston, where he worked for merchants Waterston, Pray & Company; he became a partner in 1840. In 1856, he published an annotated transcription of William Bradford's Of Plymouth Plantation and received an honorary master's degree from Harvard University. After his retirement in 1864, Deane devoted his time to historical studies, traveling throughout the United States and Europe. In 1871, he received an honorary law degree from Bowdoin College. Deane married Helen Waterston in 1841, and they had six children: Lucy, Mary, Charles, Walter, Ruthven, and George. Charles Deane died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on November 13, 1889.

From the guide to the Charles Deane collection, Deane, Charles collection, 1840-1909, 1848-1889, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Charles Deane was a merchant with the firm of Waterston, Pray & Company. He retired from the firm in 1864 and devoted himself to the research early American history.

From the guide to the Charles Deane Letter, Cambridge, Mass., to Samuel Eliot, Oct. 17, 1879., (John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation)

Charles Campbell (1807-1876) was born on 1 May 1807, in Petersburg, Virginia, the firstborn child of parents John Wilson Campbell (d.1842), and Mildred Walker Moore Campbell. John, a bookstore owner, was also a historian. In 1831 he published the History of Virginia to 1781 . Later, he held the position of Federal Collector of Customs in Petersburg, Virginia. Mildred taught at the Petersburg Classical Academy in the 1840's. In addition to Charles, the couple also had two younger children, Alexander (Aleck) S. Campbell, and Elizabeth (Betty) Campbell Maben (d.1871).

Charles' mother, Mildred Walker Moore Campbell, was the granddaughter of Virginia lieutenant governor Alexander Spotswood (1676-1740). Mildred Walker Moore Campbell and her siblings Mary Fairfax Moore Keller, Dr. Alexander Spotswood Moore, Ann Evelina Moore Henley, William Agustin Moore, Eliza Moore McDonald, and Lavinia Moore McPheeters wrote and received numerous pieces of personal correspondence that are available in this collection.

Charles Campbell attended the College of New Jersey (later Princeton University) from 1823-1825. Upon graduation he enrolled in Henry St. George Tucker's School of Law in Winchester, Virginia. However, he suffered from chronic headaches which caused him severe physical and mental exhaustion. By 1829, these health issues would force him to leave the law profession.

Following his departure from law, Campbell worked as an engineer of the Petersburg Railroad. Later he ran a private school for boys in Glencoe, Alabama. On 13 September 1836, he married Elvira N. Callaway (1819-1837) of Monroe County, Tennessee. In 1837, Elvira died shortly after the birth of a son, Callaway Campbell (b.1837). In his distress, Campbell left his son with Elivira's siblings, Thomas and Lucinda Callaway. Later, this would result in a court case to regain custody of his child.

Following the death of his wife, Campbell worked as a clerk in the office of the Collector of Custom in Petersburg, Virginia (a position he obtained from his father John Campbell). From 1840-1843, Campbell also owned, published, and edited a Petersburg newspaper, The American Statesman . He returned to teaching in 1842 by opening a classical school in Petersburg, becoming both teacher and administrator in the Anderson Seminary. He would hold these positions until the formation of free public schools in 1870.

Campbell remarried in 1850 to Miss Anna Birdsall of Rahway, New Jersey. They had four children, Mary Spotswood Campbell Robinson (b.1852), Nanny Campbell (b.1854), Charles Campbell (b.1856), and Fanny Campbell (1858-1860's).

Charles Campbell was committed to Western Lunatic Asylum at Staunton, Virginia, in 1873 where he remained until his death on July 11, 1876. He was buried at Blandford Church Cemetery, Petersburg.

Like his father, Campbell was a historian. He began contributing to journals in 1834. Some of the journals to which he frequently contributed included; The Southern Literary Messenger or The Southern and Western Literary Messenger and Review ; The Farmer's Register ; The New Yorker ; and the Petersburg Intelligencer . His most important work, however, was the History of the Colony and Ancient Dominion of Virginia . This work built upon his father's book and concerned Virginia history from the colony's founding to the Revolutionary War.

From the guide to the Charles Campbell Papers, 1743-1896., (Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Harvard University. Board of Overseers. Letter 1848 June 20, Cambridge, Mass. to Charles Deane, Boston. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Haven family. Papers, 1747-1908. American Antiquarian Society
referencedIn Autograph File, D, 1586-1975. Houghton Library
creatorOf Deane, Charles, 1813-1889. Correspondence of Charles Deane [manuscript], 1881 and n.d. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Lee, John Thomas. John Thomas Lee letters, 1888-1916. Newberry Library
referencedIn Alexander Brown Papers (1), 1815-1910. Special Collections, College of William and Mary
creatorOf Brown, Alexander, 1843-1906. Papers, 1815-1910. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Henry Oscar Houghton additional papers, 1836-1977. Houghton Library
referencedIn Henry Oscar Houghton papers, 1773-1932 (bulk 1833-1895) Houghton Library
creatorOf Deane, Charles, 1813-1889. Autograph letter signed : Boston, Messrs. Bartlett & Welford, booksellers in New York, 1848 Feb. 9. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Deane, Charles, 1813-1889. Letter, 1879 Oct[obe]r 17, Cambridge, Mass., to Samuel Eliot [Boston, Mass.]. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library
referencedIn Batchelder family papers, 1806-1902 Houghton Library
referencedIn O'Callaghan, E. B. (Edmund Bailey), 1797-1880. Papers, 1830-1876 (bulk: 1845-1860) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Cummings, Preston, 1800-1875. Rhode Island Laws, ca. 1860. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Norton, Charles Eliot, 1827-1908. Papers, 1863-1904. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Dana Family. Papers of the Dana family [manuscript], 1840-1881. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Smith, Charles Card, 1827-1918. Papers, 1808-1915. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Charles Deane Letter, Cambridge, Mass., to Samuel Eliot, Oct. 17, 1879. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library
referencedIn James Russell Lowell papers, 1835-1919. Houghton Library
creatorOf Deane, Charles, 1813-1889. Letter, 1888 July 9, Cambridge, to [Charles Henry] Bell. Boston Athenaeum
creatorOf Massachusetts Historical Society. Certificate of election of Thomas Carlyle : manuscript, 1870. Houghton Library
referencedIn Letters to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1761-1904 (inclusive), 1820-1888 (bulk) Houghton Library
creatorOf Deane, Charles, 1813-1889. ALS, 1855 Jan. 1, to Edward A. Crowninshield. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Charles Eliot Norton papers Houghton Library
referencedIn Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874. Correspondence, 1829-1874 Houghton Library
referencedIn Stevens, Henry, 1819-1886. Henry Stevens papers, 1712-1879 (inclusive), 1834-1879 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882. Papers of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow [manuscript], 1764-1934 (bulk 1830-1881). University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Folsom, Charles, 1794-1872. Papers, 1732-1871; bulk: 1816-1871 Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Deane, Charles, 1813-1889. Correspondence, 1602-1889, bulk: 1844-1889. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Davis, John, 1761-1847. Winslow family papers II, 1638-1760 ; bulk: 1638-1680. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Campbell, Charles, 1807-1876. Papers, 1743-1896. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909. Papers of Edward Everett Hale [manuscript] 1853-1909. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Hazard, Millis P., fl. 1877. Letter, 1877 January 15, Maple Knoll, [to] Charles Deane. New England Historic Genealogical Society
creatorOf Charles Campbell Papers, 1743-1896. Special Collections Research Center, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary
creatorOf Barry, William F. (William Farquhar), 1818-1879,. Miscellaneous American history collection [manuscript], 1828-1918 University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Deane, Charles, 1813-1889,. [Scrapbook of clippings regarding the Great Chicago Fire], 1871. Chicago History Museum
referencedIn Bowen, Francis, 1811-1890. Correspondence, 1724-1909 (bulk 1836-1892) Houghton Library
creatorOf Charles Deane collection 1840-1909 1848-1889 Deane, Charles collection William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Free Library of Philadelphia Collection of Literary Manuscripts, 1666-1990 Free Library of Philadelphia: Rare Book Department
referencedIn Palfrey family papers, 1713-1915 Houghton Library
creatorOf Deane, Charles, 1813-1889. A brief account of some pretended portraits of Roger Williams, the first settler of Providence, R.I., 1850-1885. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Harris, Caleb Fiske, 1818-1881. Papers, 1867-1881. Brown University Archives, John Hay Library
referencedIn Nichols, George, 1809-1882. Correspondence, 1827-1885 Houghton Library
referencedIn O'Callaghan, E. B. (Edmund Bailey), 1797-1880. Papers, 1830-1876 (bulk: 1845-1860) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Aristotle. Organon, or logical treatises: manuscript, [ca. 1275-ca. 1325]. Houghton Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous correspondence, 1849-1908. Houghton Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abbot, Ezra, 1819-1884 person
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associatedWith Bancroft, George, 1800-1891 person
associatedWith Barnard, Henry, 1811-1900 person
associatedWith Bartlett & Welford, corporateBody
associatedWith Batchelder family. family
associatedWith Bell, Charles Henry, 1823-1893. person
associatedWith Boston Athenaeum. corporateBody
associatedWith Boston Public Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Bowen, Francis, 1811-1890. person
associatedWith Bradford, William, 1590-1657. person
associatedWith Brown, Alexander, 1843-1906. person
associatedWith Brown, John Carter, 1797-1874. person
associatedWith Cabell, Nathaniel Francis, 1807-1891 person
associatedWith Campbell, Anna Burdsall, Mrs. person
associatedWith Campbell, Calloway. person
associatedWith Campbell, Charles person
associatedWith Campbell, Charles, 1807-1876. person
associatedWith Campbell Family. family
associatedWith Campbell, Mildred Walker Moore, Mrs. person
associatedWith Canney, James R., Mrs., person
associatedWith Carter, Mary B. person
associatedWith Caruthers, William Alexander, 1800 (ca.)-1846. person
associatedWith Channing, William Ellery, 1780-1842 person
associatedWith Child, Francis James, 1825-1896. person
associatedWith Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Convers, Francis, 1795-1863 person
associatedWith Cooke, John Esten, 1830-1886 person
associatedWith Council for New England. corporateBody
associatedWith Crowninshield, Edward Augustus, person
associatedWith Cummings, Preston, 1800-1875. person
associatedWith Dana Family. family
associatedWith Draper, Lyman Copeland, 1815-1891 person
associatedWith Eliot, Charles William, 1834-1926 person
associatedWith Eliot, Samuel, 1821-1898. person
associatedWith Ellis, George Edward, 1814-1894. person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865. person
associatedWith Folsom, Charles, 1794-1872. person
associatedWith Ford, Worthington Chauncey, 1858-1941 person
associatedWith Free Library of Philadelphia. corporateBody
associatedWith French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931 person
associatedWith Frothingham, Richard, 1812-1880 person
associatedWith Gannett, Ezra S. (Ezra Stiles), 1801-1871 person
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associatedWith Hale, Edward Everett, 1822-1909. person
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associatedWith Harvard University. Board of Overseers. corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University. Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Haven family. family
correspondedWith Hazard, Millis P., fl. 1877. person
associatedWith Henry, William Wirt, 1831-1900 person
associatedWith Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911 person
associatedWith Hoar, E. R. (Ebenezer Rockwood), 1816-1895 person
associatedWith Hoar, George Frisbie, 1826-1904 person
correspondedWith Houghton, Henry Oscar, 1823-1895 person
associatedWith Howe, Henry, 1816-1893 person
associatedWith Kidder, Frederic, 1804-1885. person
associatedWith Lamb, Charles, 1775-1834. Library. person
associatedWith Lawrence, Abbott, 1792-1855 person
associatedWith Lawrence, Amos, 1786-1852 person
associatedWith Lawrence, Amos Adams, 1814-1886 person
associatedWith Lee, John Thomas. person
associatedWith Lenox, James, 1800-1880. person
associatedWith Lincoln, Levi, 1782-1868 person
associatedWith Livermore, George, 1809-1865. person
associatedWith Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882. person
associatedWith Lossing, Benson John, 1813-1891 person
correspondedWith Lowell, James Russell, 1819-1891 person
associatedWith Massachusetts Historical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Maxwell, William, 1784-1857 person
associatedWith Menzies, William, person
associatedWith Moore, George Henry, 1823-1892. person
associatedWith Nichols, George, 1809-1882 person
associatedWith Norton, Charles Eliot, 1827-1908. person
associatedWith O'Callaghan, E. B. (Edmund Bailey), 1797-1880. person
correspondedWith Palfrey family. family
associatedWith Palfrey, John Gorham, 1796-1881. person
associatedWith Peabody, Andrew P. (Andrew Preston), 1811-1893 person
associatedWith Ruffin, Edmund, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Sabin, Joseph, 1821-1888. person
associatedWith Savage, James, 1784-1873. person
associatedWith Shurtleff, Nathaniel Bradstreet, 1810-1874. person
associatedWith Sibley, John Langdon, 1804-1885. person
associatedWith Smith, Charles Card, 1827-1918. person
associatedWith Somerby, H. G. (Horatio Gates), 1805-1872. person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry, 1819-1886. person
correspondedWith Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874 person
associatedWith Ticknor, George, 1791-1871. person
associatedWith Trumbull, J. Hammond (James Hammond), 1821-1897. person
associatedWith Virginia Historical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Waterston, R. C. (Robert Cassie), 1812-1893 person
associatedWith Williams, Roger, 1604?-1683 person
associatedWith Winthrop, Robert C. (Robert Charles), 1809-1894. person
associatedWith Woods, Leonard, 1807-1878. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Boston (Mass.)
Chicago (Ill.)
Cambridge (Mass.)
United States
Antiquarian booksellers
Book collectors
Great Fire, Chicago, Ill., 1871
Learned institutions and societies
Petersburg (Va.). Library


Birth 1813

Death 1889




Ark ID: w6cj8jmg

SNAC ID: 55925429