Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864

Alternative names

Hide Profile

An act of the General Assembly passed February 6, 1826, revived and amended "an act incorporating a company for the purpose of improving the navigation of the North Anna River." These field notes are a result of the action.

From the description of North Anna River Survey field notes, 1827. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122601612

From the description of North Anna River Survey field notes, 1827. (Library of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 302278635

The Board of Public Works directed Claudius Crozet to survey a canal route between the Roanoke River and the James River. His report concludes that the general assumption of an easy connection cannot be supported.

From the description of James River to Roanoke River Canal field notes, 1828. (Library of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 301709891

The Board of Public Works initiated a survey from Harrisonburg to Beverly as a preliminary study to determine the best route. Because the course of the road crosses a number of mountains and ridges plus branches of the Potomac River, there are considerable obstacles.

From the description of Harrisonburg to Beverly Turnpike field notes, 1828. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122464570

The Board of Public Works requested a survey of the route between Luray and Staunton to determine the need for an improved road. Crozet concluded the need was justified, with an estimated cost of $500 per mile or $830,500 for the 61 miles.

From the description of Luray to Staunton Turnpike field notes, 1839. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122368133

Prepatory surveys and examinations were made in 1823. Acts of the General Assembly were passed Marched 5, 1824 (appropriating funds) and February 13, 1826, directing a road to be laid out from Staunton to the Mouth of Riffle's Run in Randolph County.

From the description of Staunton to Riffle's Run field notes, 1826. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 86104860

The Board of Public Works directed Claudius Crozet to survey the route from Lynchburg to Lexington as a preliminary study for construction of a turnpike, in which he examines the alternative routes through the Blue Ridge, by Robertson's Gap, or the James River Canal.

From the description of Lynchburg to Lexington Turnpike field notes, 1827. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122538719

An act of the General Assembly passed February 2, 1824, directed a survey be made to determine the route for a road from Staunton, by way of Warm Springs, to the State Turnpike road at Callaghan's, and any other route that might be preferable.

From the description of Staunton to Callaghan's Turnpike field notes, 1825. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122487810

Harrison's Bar, opposite Harrison's Point at Berkeley, on the James River, formed the only obstruction to navigation for merchant ships up to Warwick. The survey was undertaken to determine a method of procuring safe navigation for large vessels.

From the description of Harrison's Bar on the James River field notes, 1826. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122553174

The Board of Public Works directed Claudius Crozet to survey the Mattaponi River to determine the need for any improvements to navigation on this very winding river.

From the description of Mattaponi River Survey field notes, 1826. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122555514

An act of the General Assembly passed March 29, 1837, directed that a survey be made of the route from Warrenton to New Market, for the purpose of determining the best route for a turpike road.

From the description of Warrenton to New Market Turnpike field notes, 1837. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122481522

The Board of Public Works initiated a survey of the Little Kanawha River to determine the need for improvements.

From the description of Little Kanawha River Survey field notes, 1838. (Library of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 301808377

From the description of Little Kanawha River Survey field notes, 1838. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 86172316

Robert William Hughes was born at Muddy Creek Plantation, Powhatan County, Va. in 1821. His parents died in 1822 and he was raised by Edward C. Carrington and Eliza Preston Carrington. He attended Caldwell Institute, Greensboro, N. C. and studied law in Fincastle, Va. He married Eliza M. Johnston, niece of Joseph E. Johnston and the adopted daughter and niece of John B. Floyd. Hughes' son was Robert Morton Hughes. Robert William Hughes was a newspaper editor and federal district attorney. Involved in post Civil War Republican Party politics, he was nominated for governor of Virginia and for Congress but did not win. He was appointed judge of the federal court for the Eastern District of Virginia.

  • 16 Jan. 1821: Born at Muddy Creek Plantation, Powhatan Co., Va.,the son of Jesse and Elizabeth Woodson (Morton) Hughes.
  • 1822: Both parents died, and Hugheswas raised by Gen. Edward C. Carringtonand his wife, Eliza(Preston) Carringtonof Halifax Co., Va.(family relationship not known).
  • Ca. 1833 - 1837 : "put to the carpenter's trade in Princeton, N.J."
  • Ca. 1837 - 1838 : Attended Caldwell Institute,Greensboro, N.C.
  • Ca. 1839: Tutor, Bingham High School,Hillsboro, N.C.
  • 1843: Studied law, Fincastle, Va.
  • 1846: Began practice of law, Richmond, Va.
  • 4 June 1850: Married Eliza M. Johnston,(1825-1908), niece of Gen. Joseph E. Johnstonand niece and adopted daughter of John Buchananand Sarah (Preston) Floyd.
  • 1850: Began writing editorials for the Richmond Examiner.
  • 1853 - 1857 : Editor of the Richmond Examinerwhile regular editor in Europe.
  • 1855: Birth of son, Robert Morton Hughes.
  • 1857 - 1861 : Editor of the Washington Union,and lived in home of Secretary of War John Buchanan Floyd.
  • 1861: Birth of son, Floyd Hughes(2 other children died young)
  • 1861: Because of "chronic disease" retired to a farm near Abingdon, Va.,where General and Mrs. Floyd1ived with the Hughes family.
  • 1861 - 1864 : Wrote for the Richmond Examiner,showing hostility toward Jefferson Davis' administration.
  • 1865 - 1866 : Edited the Richmond Republic,and generally pursued a course that considered "nimble"
  • 1868: Delegate to National Democratic Convention.
  • 1869 - 1870 : Editor of the Richmond State Journal.
  • Ca. 1870: Wounded William E. Cameronin a duel.
  • 1872: Named federal district attorney by Grant administration.
  • 1872: Nominated for Congressbut did not win.
  • 1873: Nominated for Governor of Virginiabut did not win.
  • 1874: Named Judge of federal court for the Eastern District of Va.
  • 1898: Resigned judgeship.
  • 1901: Died at Abingdon, Va.

Dictionary of American Biography

From the guide to the Inventory of the Robert William Hughes Papers, 1818-1900, (Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. [Map of the internal improvements of Virginia] / prepared under the direction of C. Crozet by order of the Board of Public Works. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Breckinridge, James, 1763-1833. Papers, 1805-1831. Virginia Historical Society Library
referencedIn Rogers, John Carr, d. 1979. Papers of John C. Rogers [manuscript], 1937-1973. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Tyler, John, 1790-1862. Letter to Charles Fenton Mercer, 1826 December 5. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Gianniny, Omer Allan. Al Gianniny Papers [manuscript], 1949-1996. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Stuart, Alexander H. H. (Alexander Hugh Holmes), 1807-1891. Papers of Alexander H. H. Stuart and the related Stuart and Baldwin families [manuscript], 1776-1878 (bulk 1850-1861). University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Sperryville to Swift Run Gap Turnpike field notes, 1839. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Virginia. Board of Public Works. Applications for position of principal engineer, 1816-1823. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Lynchburg to Lexington Turnpike field notes, 1827. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Warrenton to New Market Turnpike field notes, 1837. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Cabell, Hannah Carrington, fl. 1751-1817,. Papers of the Joseph Carrington Cabell family, 1790-1890. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Virginia. Board of Public Works. Maps and county boundaries, 1813-1873. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Middleburg to Strasburg Turnpike field notes, 1828. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Virginia. Board of Public Works. Survey from Rockfish Gap to Charlottesville New Ark Gordonsville & Orange C.H. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Seales, P. Notebook, 1831. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Warm Springs Mountain Turnpike, and Roanoke River to New River Canal field notes, 1827-1828. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Inventory of the Robert William Hughes Papers, 1818-1900 Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Little Kanawha River Survey field notes, 1838. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Shaw, Charles B. Gordonsville to Harrisonburg Railroad field notes, 1836, 1838. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Shaw, Charles B. Map of the location of part of the North-Western Turnpike Road / made under direction of C. Crozet, Pr. Eng., by Chas. B. Shaw, Ast., 1831. Library of Congress
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Fishing Creek Turnpike to Clarksburg via Middletown compass book, 1839. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Mattaponi River Survey field notes, 1826. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Staunton to Callaghan's Turnpike field notes, 1825. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Virginia. Board of Public Works. Agency history. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Cocke, John Hartwell, 1804-1846. Papers of John Hartwell Cocke [manuscript] 1817-1865. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. James River to Roanoke River Canal field notes, 1828. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. A plan of James Riv. from the North Branch to the balcony falls exhibiting a comparison between the Pr. Engr's location & that substituted by the commissioner. drawn by C. Crozet, P.E. 1824. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letters, Monticello, to M. Claudius Crozet, West Point, N.Y. [manuscript] 1821 Mar. 31 and Nov. 23. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Baldwin, John Brown, 1820-1873,. Papers of the McCue family [manuscript], 1767-1944. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Monroe, James, 1758-1831. James Monroe letter to an unnamed correspondent, probably John C. Calhoun, Secretary of War, [manuscript] 1819 Sept. 20. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Harrisonburg to Beverly Turnpike field notes, 1828. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Brockenbrough, William, fl. 1763,. Papers of the Carter and Wellford family of Sabine Hall, 1650 (1736-1874) 1936. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Little Kanawha River Survey field notes, 1838. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. North Anna River Survey field notes, 1827. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Harrison's Bar on the James River field notes, 1826. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Elk River Survey compass books, 1839. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Riffle's Run to Greenbrier River Turnpike field notes, 1826. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Hughes, Robert W. (Robert William), 1821-1901. Papers, 1818-1900. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Staunton to Riffle's Run field notes, 1826. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Whitehead, Robert, 1815-1898. Papers of Robert Whitehead [manuscript], 1830-1978, (bulk 1830-1839). University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Letter of Claudius Crozet to Robert Thruston Hubard [manuscript] 1843 January 3. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Diagram of the improvements made, in progress or contemplated. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Virginia. Board of Public Works. Principal engineer, 1817-1831, 1835-1843. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Warm Springs Mountain Turnpike, and Roanoke River to New River Canal field notes, 1827-1828. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. North Anna River Survey field notes, 1827. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Letter, 1818 October 5, West Point. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Beaver Creek to Leatherwood Hills Turnpike field notes, 1838. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Luray to Staunton Turnpike field notes, 1839. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Morgantown, Va. to Smythfield, Pa. Turnpike field notes, 1828. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Breckinridge, James, 1763-1833. Papers : of James Breckinridge, 1805-1831. Virginia Historical Society Library
referencedIn Virginia. Board of Public Works. Blue Ridge Railroad Company records, 1845-1867. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Covington to Huntersville Turnpike field notes, 1842. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Warm Springs, Huntersville, and Romney Turnpike field notes, 1839. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Danville to Evansham Railroad survey, 1838. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848,. Correspondence of Thomas Jefferson [manuscript], 1814-1826. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Madison, James, 1751-1836. Letters to Joseph C. Cabell [manuscript] 1818-1830. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Crozet, Claudius, 1790-1864. Clarksburg to Morgantown Turnpike compass book, 1838. Library of Virginia
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Alfred Magill Randolph. person
associatedWith Arthur, Chester Alan, 1829-1886 person
associatedWith Bancroft, George, 1800-1891 person
associatedWith Benjamin F. Butler (Benjamin Franklin) person
associatedWith Breckinridge, James, 1763-1833. person
associatedWith Butler, Benjamin F. (Benjamin Franklin), 1818-1893 person
associatedWith Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866 person
associatedWith Cocke, John Hartwell, 1804-1846. person
associatedWith Daniel, John Moncure, 1825-1865 person
associatedWith Danville to Evansham Railroad (Va.) corporateBody
associatedWith Ewell, Benjamin Stoddert, 1810-1894 person
associatedWith Gianniny, Omer Allan. person
associatedWith G. P. R. James (George Payne Rainsford) person
associatedWith Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885 person
associatedWith Hubard, Robert Thruston, 1808-1871, person
associatedWith Hughes, Robert W. (Robert William), 1821-1901. person
associatedWith James, G. P. R. (George Payne Rainsford), 1801? -1860 person
associatedWith James River Company (Richmond, Va.) corporateBody
associatedWith J. B. H. (James Barron Hope) person
associatedWith J. B. H. (James Barron Hope), 1829-1887 person
associatedWith J. D. B. De Bow(James Dunwoody Brownson) person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith J. L. M. Curry(Jabez Lamar Monroe) person
associatedWith Joseph E. Johnston (Joseph Eggleston) person
associatedWith Lee, William Henry Fitzhugh, 1837-1891 person
associatedWith Longstreet, James, 1821-1904 person
associatedWith Madison, James, 1751-1836. person
associatedWith Marshall, John, 1755-1835 person
associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831. person
associatedWith Mosby, John Singleton, 1833-1916 person
associatedWith Robert William Hughes person
associatedWith Rogers, John Carr, d. 1979. person
associatedWith Seales, P. person
associatedWith Shaw, Charles B. person
associatedWith Stuart, Alexander H. H. (Alexander Hugh Holmes), 1807-1891. person
associatedWith Thompson, William B. person
associatedWith Tyler, John, 1790-1862. person
associatedWith Ulysses S. Grant (Ulysses Simpson) person
associatedWith United States Military Academy corporateBody
associatedWith Virginia. Board of Public Works. corporateBody
associatedWith Whitehead, Robert, 1815-1898. person
associatedWith Wickham, John, 1763-1839 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Virginia
Virginia--Henry County
Riffle's Run to Greenbrier River Turnpike (Va.)
New River Canal (Va.)
Warm Springs, Huntersville, and Romney Turnpike (Va.)
Virginia
Roanoke River (Va.)
Virginia
Rockbridge County (Va.)
Virginia--Shenandoah County
North Anna River (Va.)
Warm Springs Mountain Turnpike (Va.)
Covington to Huntersville Turnpike (Va.)
Roanoke River (Va. and N.C.)
Little Kanawha River (Va.)
Virginia
Virginia--Monangalia County
Virginia
Washington (D.C.)
Sperryville to Swift Run Gap Turnpike (Va.)
Virginia
Virginia--Culpeper County
Virginia--Monangalia County
Virginia
New River Canal (Va.)
Virginia--Loudoun County
Virginia
Virginia--Shenandoah County
Virginia
Virginia--Alleghany County
Virginia
James River (Va.)
Luray to Staunton Turnpike (Va.)
West Virginia
Virginia
Blue Ridge Canal (Va.)
Warm Springs Mountain Turnpike (Va.)
Virginia
Virginia
Virginia
Virginia--Frederick County
Lynchburg to Lexington Turnpike (Va.)
Clarksburg to Morgantown Turnpike (Va.)
Virginia
James River to Roanoke River Canal (Va.)
Virginia--Bath County
Virginia--Pocahontas County
Roanoke River (Va. and N.C.)
Little Kanawha River (Va.)
Mattaponi River (Va.)
Middleburg to Strasburg Turnpike (Va.)
Virginia
Virginia--Randolph County
Virginia
Virginia--Augusta County
Virginia
Virginia
Staunton to Callaghan's Turnpike (Va.)
Virginia
Virginia--Randolph County
Virginia
Beaver Creek to Leatherwood Hills Turnpike (Va.)
James River (Va.)
Morgantown, Va. to Smythfield, Pa. Turnpike
Warrenton to New Market Turnpike (Va.)
Virginia
Virginia
Virginia--Fauquier County
Virginia--Harrison County
Virginia--Harrison County
Virginia
Virginia
Virginia--Augusta County
North Anna River (Va.)
Virginia
Virginia
Virginia
Virginia--Warren County
West Virginia
Virginia--Pocahontas County
Elk River (Va.)
Subject
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Harbors--United States
United States--Politics and government--1865-1900
Rivers
Canals--Rates and tolls
Canals--Design and construction
Canals
Toll roads
Tolls
Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- )
Railroads--Virginia
Canals--United States
Railroads--Freight--Rates
Railroads
Horses--Virginia
Roads--Surveying
Public works--Maps
Occupation
Practice of law--Virginia--History
Lawyers--Virginia--Correspondence
Function

Person

Birth 1790-12-31

Death 1864-01-29

French,

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pr80sz

Ark ID: w6pr80sz

SNAC ID: 10994967