Birge, Raymond T. (Raymond Thayer), b. 1887.

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Physicist (spectroscopy, statistics). On the physics faculty at Syracuse University, 1913-1918; University of California at Berkeley from 1918, department chair, 1933-1955; chairman of committee on physical constants, National Research Council, 1930-1937.

From the description of Lectures by Niels Bohr and by R. T. Birge, 1922-1969. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79125366

From the description of Comments on A. A. Michelson, 1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82481619

Professor of physics and chairman of the Physics Dept., University of California, Berkeley.

From the description of Raymond Thayer Birge papers, 1909-1969. (University of California, Berkeley). WorldCat record id: 122551950

Birge died in 1980.

From the description of The early history of the Physics Department of the University of California, 1963. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 77990801

From the description of History of the [University of California, Berkeley] Physics Department, 1868-1942. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83892621

Biography

Raymond Thayer Birge was born in Brooklyn, New York, March 13, 1887, to John Thaddeus and Caroline S. (Raymond) Birge. He attended high school in Troy, New York. From there he went to the University of Wisconsin where he obtained his A.B. in 1909, his A.M. in 1910 and his Ph.D. in 1914. His dissertation was on the photographing of the band spectrum of nitrogen and required a technique including careful measurement.

In 1913 he accepted his first academic position, as instructor of physics at Syracuse University. In 1915 he was promoted to assistant professor. After the first World War the cost of living rose sharply and this, coupled with the threat of an increased teaching load leaving little or no time for research, inspired Birge to look for a position elsewhere. He greatly respected E. P. Lewis and knew of the well equipped spectroscopy laboratory at the University of California, and, when offered the position of instructor there in 1918, he readily accepted. In 1926 he was made professor of physics and by 1933 was chairman of the Department, a position he retained until his retirement.

His research in spectroscopy led to several important contributions characterized by his style of rigorous and close attention to detail. He provided the original experimental verifications of quantum theory; discovered the carbon 13 isotope; predicted the existence of deuterium; and made a critical analysis and calculation of values of all general physical constants.

His chairmanship of the Physics Department was characterized by an emphasis on research including the strengthening of the Department by attracting promising young men and giving them as much freedom to pursue research as possible.

He retired in 1955 and, among other things, wrote a detailed history of the Physics Department and began a more intensive look at the scientific validity of certain psychic phenomena.

From the guide to the Raymond Thayer Birge Papers, 1909-1969, (The Bancroft Library.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Chamberlain, O. (Owen). Oral history interview with Owen Chamberlain. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Birge, Raymond T. (Raymond Thayer), b. 1887. Oral history interview with Raymond Thayer Birge, 1960 May 9. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Birge, Raymond Thayer, 1887-. Raymond Thayer Birge, physicist : transcript, 1960. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn University of California, Berkeley. Dept. of Physics. Dedication of Raymond Thayer Birge Hall, 1964. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Birge, Raymond T. (Raymond Thayer), b. 1887. History of the [University of California, Berkeley] Physics Department, 1868-1942. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Darrow, Karl K. (Karl Kelchner), 1891-. Karl Kelchner Darrow Papers, 1872-1978, (bulk 1917-1972) American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Shankland, Robert S., 1908-. Oral history interview with Robert S. Shankland, 1974 August 20 and 21. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Edward U. Condon Papers, Circa 1920-1974 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Birge, Raymond T. (Raymond Thayer), b. 1887. The early history of the Physics Department of the University of California, 1963. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967. Papers of J. Robert Oppenheimer, 1921-1980 (bulk 1947-1967). Library of Congress
referencedIn J. Robert Oppenheimer Papers, 1799-1980, (bulk 1947-1967) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Michelson, Albert A. (Albert Abraham), 1852-1931. Addition to papers. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Catalogue I of the Regional Oral History Office, 1954-1979 Bancroft Library
referencedIn DuMond, Jesse W. M. (Jesse William Monroe), 1892-1976. Papers. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Panofsky, Wolfgang Kurt Hermann, 1919-. Oral history interview with Wolfgang Kurt Hermann Panofsky, 1973 May 15 to 1974 June 3. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Wilson, Olin, C., 1909-1994. Oral history interview with Olin C. Wilson, 1978 July 11. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Birge, Raymond Thayer, 1887-. Raymond Thayer Birge papers, 1909-1969. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Hildebrand, Joel Henry, 1881-. Oral history interview with Joel Henry Hildebrand, 1974 March 11 to 26. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn John Archibald Wheeler Papers, 1880-2008, 1880-2008 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Deming, W. Edwards (William Edwards), 1900-1993. W. Edwards Deming papers, 1795-1994 (bulk 1930-1993). Library of Congress
referencedIn J. H. (John Hasbrouck) Van Vleck papers, 1923-1959, 1923-1959 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Raymond Thayer Birge Papers, 1909-1969 Bancroft Library
creatorOf University of California, Berkeley. Dept. of Physics. Records of the Department of Physics, circa 1919-2002. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Urey, Harold Clayton, 1893-1981. Oral history interview with Harold Clayton Urey, 1964 March 24. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn American Physical Society. Office of the Treasurer. Records of George B. Pegram, 1926-1957. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974. Papers, ca. 1920-1974. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Loeb, Leonard B. (Leonard Benedict), 1891-. Oral history interview with Leonard B. Loeb, 1962 August 7. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Birge, Raymond T. (Raymond Thayer), b. 1887. Comments on A. A. Michelson, 1962. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Franck, James, 1882-1964. Oral history joint interview with James Franck and Hertha Sponer-Franck, 1962 July 9 to 14. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967. J. Robert Oppenheimer papers, 1799-1980 (bulk 1947-1967). Library of Congress
creatorOf Birge, Raymond Thayer, 1887-. Raymond Thayer Birge correspondence relating to Oppenheimer hearings, [ca. 1928-1954]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Thomas Foxen Anderson Papers, 1928-1989 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974. Oral history interview with Edward Uhler Condon, 1967 October 17 to 12 September 1973. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Kemble, Edwin C. (Edwin Crawford), 1889-. Oral history interview with Edwin C. Kemble, 1962 May 11 to 1963 October 2 American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Moyer, Burton Jones, 1912-1973. Remarks following an address by Professor Raymond T. Birge, The early history of the [University of California, Berkeley] Physics Department, and Birge's response on 'Birge Hall,' at October 2, 1963 Physics Department meeting, 1926. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn W. Edwards Deming Papers, 1795-1994, (bulk 1930-1993) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Archive for the History of Quantum Physics, 1898-1950 (bulk), 1898-1950 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Birge, Raymond T. (Raymond Thayer), b. 1887. Lectures by Niels Bohr and by R. T. Birge, 1922-1969. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn McCrea, William Hunter. Oral history interview with William Hunter McCrea, 1978 September 22. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Lenzen, Victor Fritz, 1890-. Oral history interview with Victor Fritz Lenzen, 1962 June 28. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
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associatedWith Irish Times, Ltd.. (Dublin, Ireland) corporateBody
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