Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957

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Astronomer (stellar evolution, astrophysics of stars, double stars) and administrator. On the astronomy faculty at Princeton University from 1905, director of the observatory, 1912-1947; research associate at Mt. Wilson Observatory, 1922-1942; and at Harvard College Observatory, 1947-1952.

From the description of Manuscript of article, The probable distance of Orion, and letter to Russell from Edwin B. Frost, editor of the Astronomical Journal, rejecting the manuscript for publication, 1907. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79715457

From the description of Correspondence [microform], 1890-1950. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81094260

  • 1877: Henry Norris Russell is born in Oyster Bay, New York (October 25).
  • 1897: A.B., Princeton University, insigne cum laude. Honors in mathematics.
  • 1900: Ph.D., Princeton University, Department of Astronomy. Dissertation entitled, “The General Perturbations of the Major Axis of Eros by the Action of Mars.”
  • 1902 - 1903 : Research student, King's College, Cambridge, England.
  • 1903 - 1905 : Instructor in astronomy, Princeton University.
  • 1908 - 1911 : Assistant professor, Princeton University.
  • 1908: Married Lucy may Cole (November 24).
  • 1911 - 1947 : Professor of astronomy, Princeton University.
  • 1912 - 1947 : Director of Princeton University Observatory.
  • 1918 - 1919 : Consulting and experimental engineer, Bureau of Aircraft Production, Army Aviation Service.
  • 1921 - 1942 : Research associate, Mt. Wilson Observatory, Carnegie Institute of Washington.
  • 1947: Research associate, Lick Observatory.
  • 1947 - 1952 : Research associate, Harvard University.
  • 1957: Died in Princeton, New Jersey (February 18).

From the guide to the Henry Norris Russell Papers, 1894-1956, 1894-1980, (Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-. Oral history interview with Lyman Spitzer, Jr., 1977 April 8 and 1978 May 10. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Chandrasekhar, S. (Subrahmanyan), 1910-. Oral history interview with S. Chandrasekhar, 1977 May 17 to October 31. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Seares, Frederick Hanley, 1873-. Papers of Frederick Hanley Seares, 1909-1945 (bulk 1909-1940). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Atkinson, Robert d'Escourt, 1898-1982. Robert d'Escourt Atkinson papers, 1893-1981. Indiana University
referencedIn Shankland, Robert S., 1908-. Oral history interview with Robert S. Shankland, 1974 August 20 and 21. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Wright, F. E. (Frederic Eugene), 1877-1953. Papers of Frederic Eugene Wright, 1924-1961. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn McCrea, William Hunter. Oral history interview with William Hunter McCrea, 1978 September 22. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Indiana University Oral History Archive, 1991-1998 Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memoryhttp://www.indiana.edu/~cshm
referencedIn Schwarzschild, Martin. Oral history interview with Martin Schwarzschild, 1977 March 10 to 19 July 1979. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn American Astronomical Society. Records, 1897-1988, (bulk 1920-1980). American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957. Correspondence [microform], 1890-1950. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Shapley, Harlow, 1885-1972. Oral history interview with Harlow Shapley, 1966 June 8 to August 25. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions archives, 1810-1961. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Morgan, W. W. (William Wilson), 1906-1994. Oral history interview with W.W. Morgan, 1978 August 8 and 9. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Rohrlich, F. Correspondence, 1946-1955. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Meggers, William F. (William Frederick), 1888-1966. Papers, 1917-1966. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf McMath, Robert R. (Robert Raynolds), 1891-1962. Robert R. McMath papers, 1916-1962. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Biermann, Ludwig, 1907-1986. Oral history interview with Ludwig Franz Benedikt Biermann, 1984 February 16. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Dunham, Theodore, 1897-1984. Selected papers [microform], 1921-1979, (bulk 1930-1960). American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Edmondson, Margaret Russell. Oral history interview with Margaret Russell Edmondson, 1977 April 21. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Niels Bohr Library. The Emilio Segrè visual archives, P-S, [ca. 1870]-9999. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Wesselink, Adriaan J., 1909-. Oral history interview with Adriann J. Wesselink, 1977 September 23 and 1978 June 21. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Henry Norris Russell Papers, 1894-1956, 1894-1980 Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special CollectionsManuscripts Division
referencedIn Herring, William Conyers, 1914-. Oral history interview with William Conyers Herring, 1974 July 23, 29, 31 October. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Dunham, Theodore, 1897-1984. Oral history interview with Theodore Dunham, 1977 April 30 and 14 April 1978. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Wood, Frank Bradshaw, 1915-. Oral history interview with Frank Bradshaw Wood, 1977 November 4. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Shapley, Harlow, 1885-1972. Papers [microform], 1910-1923. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Edmondson, Frank K. (Frank Kelley), 1912-. Oral history interview with Frank K. Edmondson, 21 April 1977 and 2 February 1978. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Van de Kamp, Peter, 1901-. Dedication of McDonald Observatory at Fort Davis, Texas [motion picture] / taken by Peter Van de Kamp. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Struve, Otto, 1897-1963. Selected correspondence [microform], 1932-1945. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Charles P. (Charles Pollard) Olivier correspondence, 1915-1962, 1915-1962 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Greenstein, Jesse L. (Jesse Leonard), 1909-2002. Oral history interview with Jesse Leonard Greenstein, 1974 July 31. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Greenstein, Jesse L. (Jesse Leonard), 1909-2002. Oral history interview with Jesse Leonard Greenstein, 1977 April 7 to 1978 May 19. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Hale, George Ellery, 1868-1938. Mount Wilson Director's papers, 1901-1925. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Schlesinger, Frank, 1871-1943. Allegheny Observatory correspondence [microform], 1905-1920. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Bowen, Ira Sprague, 1898-1973. Oral history interview with Ira Sprague Bowen, 1968 August 9 and 26 August 1969. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Locanthi, Dorothy Davis, 1913-. Oral history interview with Dorothy Davis Locanthi, 1977 August 3. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Robert R. McMath Papers, 1916-1962 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Archive for the History of Quantum Physics, 1898-1950 (bulk), 1898-1950 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Meggers, William F. (William Frederick), 1888-1966. Addition to papers, 1870-1973 (bulk: 1906-1966). American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn History of Modern Astrophysics Collection, 1849-1979 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Olivier, Charles P. (Charles Pollard), b. 1884. Correspondence, 1915-1962. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Atkinson, Robert d'Escourt, 1898-1982. Oral history interview with Robert d'Escourt Atkinson, 1977. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Barton, Henry Askew, 1898-1983. Oral history interview with Henry A. Barton, 1970 March 3 and 16. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Shane, Charles Donald, 1895-1983. Oral history interview with Charles Donald Shane, 1967, 11 and 14 July. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Huffer, Charles M. (Charles Morse), 1894-. Oral history interview with Charles M. Huffer, 1977 July 8. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Atkinson, Robert d'Escourt, 1898-1982. Selected correspondence [microform], 1927-1955. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Walter Sydney Adams Papers, 1881-1939 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Eckart, Carl, 1902-1973. Oral history interview with Carl Henry Eckart, 1962 May 31. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Compton, Betty Charity McCloskey, 1916-. Oral history interview with Betty Charity McCloskey Compton, 1968 April 11 and 14. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Hoffleit, Dorrit. Oral history interview with Ellen Dorrit Hoffleit, 1979 August 4. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Unsöld, Albrecht, 1905-. Oral history interview with Albrecht Unsöld, 1984 February 24. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957. Manuscript of article, The probable distance of Orion, and letter to Russell from Edwin B. Frost, editor of the Astronomical Journal, rejecting the manuscript for publication, 1907. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Papers, 1906-2005 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957. Henry Norris Russell papers, 1894-1980 (bulk 1894-1956) Princeton University Library
referencedIn Moore, Charlotte Emma, 1898-. Oral history interview with Charlotte Moore Sitterly, 1978 June 15. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn William B. Provine collection of evolutionary biology reprints, 20th century. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Aller, Lawrence H. (Lawrence Hugh), 1913-2003. Oral history interview with Lawrence H. Aller, 1979 August 18. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn King, Robert B. (Robert Burnett) 1908-1995. Oral history interview with Robert B. King, 1992 March 8. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-1997. Oral History interview with Lyman Spitzer, 1991 November 27. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Shane, Mary Lea Heger, 1897-1983. Oral history interview with Mary Lea Heger Shane, 1967 July 15. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Gaposchkin, Cecilia Helena Payne, 1900-. Oral history interview with Cecilia Helena Payne Gaposchkin, 1968 March 5. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Bowen, Ira Sprague, 1898-1973. Correspondence to Bowen about gaseous nebulae, 1934. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Kron, Gerald Edward, 1913-. Oral history interview with Gerald Edward Kron, 1978 May 20. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Routly, Paul McRae. Oral History interview with Paul Routly, 1990 September 25. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abraham, Max, 1875-1922 person
associatedWith Adams, Walter S. (Walter Sydney), 1876-1956. person
associatedWith Aitken, Robert Grant, 1864-1951. person
associatedWith Aller, Lawrence H. (Lawrence Hugh), 1913-2003. person
associatedWith Amaldi, Edoardo, 1908-1989 person
associatedWith American Association for the Advancement of Science. corporateBody
associatedWith American Astronomical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. corporateBody
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Physical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Physical Society and American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Andrade, E. N. da C., (Edward Neville da Costa), 1887-1971 person
associatedWith Atkinson, Robert d'Escourt, 1898-1982. person
associatedWith Back, Ernst, 1881-1959 person
associatedWith Barton, Henry Askew, 1898-1983. person
associatedWith Bauer, Edmond, 1880-1963 person
associatedWith Becquerel, Jean, 1878-1953 person
associatedWith Benedicks, Carl Axel Fredrik, 1875-1953 person
associatedWith Berliner, Arnold, 1862-1942 person
associatedWith Biermann, Ludwig, 1907-1986. person
associatedWith Birge, Raymond T., (Raymond Thayer), 1887-1980 person
associatedWith Bohr, Niels Henrik David, 1885-1962 person
associatedWith Born, Max, 1882-1970 person
associatedWith Bowen, Ira Sprague, 1898-1973. person
associatedWith Breit, Gregory, 1899-1981 person
associatedWith Broglie, Louis de, 1892-1987 person
associatedWith Campbell, William Wallace, 1862-1938. person
associatedWith Center for History of Physics (American Institute of Physics) corporateBody
associatedWith Chandrasekhar, S. (Subrahmanyan), 1910- person
associatedWith Cockcroft, John, Sir, 1897-1967 person
associatedWith Compton, Arthur Holly, 1892-1962 person
associatedWith Compton, Betty Charity McCloskey, 1916- person
associatedWith Coster, Dirk, 1889-1950 person
associatedWith Darwin, Charles Galton, Sir, 1887-1962 person
associatedWith Debye, Peter J. W., (Peter Josef William), 1884-1966 person
associatedWith Dieke, Gerhard Heinrich, 1901-1965 person
associatedWith Dirac, P. A. M., (Paul Adrien Maurice), 1902-1984 person
correspondedWith Dorrit Hoffleit person
associatedWith Dunham, Theodore, 1897-1984. person
associatedWith Dunham, Theodore, 1897-1984. person
associatedWith Eckart, Carl, 1902-1973. person
associatedWith Eddington, Arthur Stanley, Sir, 1882-1944 person
associatedWith Edmondson, Frank K. (Frank Kelley), 1912- person
associatedWith Edmondson, Margaret Russell. person
associatedWith Ehrenfest, Paul, 1880-1933 person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954 person
associatedWith Fokker, A. D., (Adriaan Daniel), 1887-1972 person
associatedWith Fowler, A., (Alfred), 1868-1940 person
associatedWith Franck, James, 1882-1964 person
associatedWith Frost, Edwin Brant, 1866-1935. person
associatedWith Gaposchkin, Cecilia Helena Payne, 1900- person
associatedWith Gerlach, Walther, 1889-1979 person
associatedWith Ginn and Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Goudsmit, Samuel Abraham, 1902-1978 person
associatedWith Greenstein, Jesse L. (Jesse Leonard), 1909-2002. person
associatedWith Haber, Fritz, 1868-1934 person
associatedWith Hale, George Ellery, 1868-1938. person
associatedWith Harrison, George Russell, 1898-1979. person
associatedWith Heisenberg, Werner, 1901-1976 person
associatedWith Herring, William Conyers, 1914- person
associatedWith Hilbert, David, 1862-1943 person
associatedWith Hoffleit, Dorrit. person
associatedWith Huffer, Charles M. (Charles Morse), 1894- person
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
associatedWith Ingalls, Albert G. (Albert Graham) person
associatedWith International Astronomical Union. corporateBody
associatedWith Joliot-Curie, Frédéric person
associatedWith Jordan, Pascual, 1902-1980 person
associatedWith Kamerlingh Onnes, Heike, 1853-1926 person
associatedWith Kapitsa, P. L., (Petr Leonidovich), 1894-1984 person
associatedWith Kayser, H., (Heinrich), 1853-1940 person
associatedWith Kemble, Edwin C., (Edwin Crawford), 1889-1984 person
associatedWith King, Robert B. (Robert Burnett) 1908-1995. person
associatedWith Klein, Oskar, 1894-1977 person
associatedWith Kopal, Zdeněk, 1914-1993. person
associatedWith Kramers, Hendrik Anthony, 1894-1952 person
associatedWith Kron, Gerald Edward, 1913- person
associatedWith Ladenburg, Rudolf Walter, 1882-1952 person
associatedWith Langevin, Paul, 1872-1946 person
associatedWith Laue, Max von, 1879-1960 person
associatedWith Locanthi, Dorothy Davis, 1913- person
associatedWith London, Fritz, 1900-1954 person
associatedWith Luyten, Willem Jacob, 1899-1994. person
associatedWith McCrea, William Hunter. person
associatedWith McLennan, J. C., (John Cunningham), 1867-1935 person
associatedWith McMath, Robert R. (Robert Raynolds), 1891-1962. person
associatedWith Meggers, William F. (William Frederick), 1888-1966. person
associatedWith Meitner, Lise, 1878-1968 person
associatedWith Menzel, Donald H. (Donald Howard), 1901-1976. person
associatedWith Merrill, John Ellsworth, 1902- person
associatedWith Meteor Crater Exploration and Mining Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Mie, Gustav, 1868-1957 person
associatedWith Millikan, Robert Andrews, 1868-1953 person
associatedWith Mitchell, S. A. (Samuel Alfred), 1874-1960. person
associatedWith Moore, Charlotte Emma, 1898- person
associatedWith Morgan, W. W. (William Wilson), 1906-1994. person
associatedWith Mulliken, Robert Sanderson, 1896-1986 person
associatedWith National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Research Council (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Niels Bohr Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Nishina, Yoshio, 1890-1951 person
associatedWith Olivier, Charles P. (Charles Pollard), b. 1884. person
associatedWith Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967 person
associatedWith Paschen, F., (Friedrich), 1865-1947 person
associatedWith Pauling, Linus, 1901-1994 person
associatedWith Pauli, Wolfgang, 1900-1958 person
associatedWith Pickering, Edward C. (Edward Charles), 1846-1919. person
associatedWith Planck, Max, 1858-1947 person
associatedWith Princeton University corporateBody
associatedWith Princeton University. Class of 1897. corporateBody
correspondedWith Provine, William B. person
associatedWith Rohrlich, F. person
associatedWith Rosenfeld, L., (Leon), 1904-1974 person
associatedWith Rosseland, Svein, 1894-1985 person
associatedWith Routly, Paul McRae person
associatedWith Rubens, Heinrich, 1865-1922 person
associatedWith Runge, Carl, 1856-1927 person
associatedWith Rutherford, Ernest, 1871-1937 person
associatedWith Saunders, Frederick A. (Frederick Albert), 1875-1963. person
associatedWith Scheel, Karl, 1866-1936 person
associatedWith Schlesinger, Frank, 1871-1943. person
associatedWith Schrödinger, Erwin, 1887-1961 person
associatedWith Schwarzschild, Martin. person
associatedWith Seares, Frederick Hanley, 1873- person
associatedWith Shane, Charles Donald, 1895-1983. person
associatedWith Shane, Mary Lea Heger, 1897-1983. person
associatedWith Shankland, Robert S., 1908- person
associatedWith Shapley, Harlow, 1885-1972. person
associatedWith Sommerfeld, Arnold, 1868-1951 person
associatedWith Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-1997. person
associatedWith Stark, Johannes, 1874-1957 person
associatedWith Struve, Otto, 1897-1963. person
associatedWith Thomson, J. J., Sir, (Joseph John), 1856-1940 person
associatedWith Uhlenbeck, George Eugène, 1900-1988 person
associatedWith Unsöld, Albrecht, 1905- person
associatedWith Van de Kamp, Peter, 1901- person
associatedWith Van Vleck, J. H., (John Hasbrouck), 1899-1980 person
associatedWith Voigt, Woldemar, 1850-1919 person
associatedWith Von Neumann, John, 1903-1957 person
associatedWith Warburg, Emil Gabriel, 1846-1931 person
associatedWith Weisskopf, Victor Frederick, 1908-2002 person
associatedWith Wesselink, Adriaan J., 1909- person
associatedWith Wood, Frank Bradshaw, 1915- person
associatedWith Wright, F. E. (Frederic Eugene), 1877-1953. person
associatedWith Zeeman, Pieter, 1865-1943 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New Jersey--Princeton
United States
Subject
Stars--Spectra
Navigation (astronautics)
Solar eclipses--1922
Solar eclipses--1932
Lunar eclipses--1900
Variable stars
Astronomy
Astronomy--United States--20th century
Astronomy--Research--20th century
Lunar eclipses--1899
Astronomical spectroscopy
Astronomical observatories--20th century
Stars--Structure
Stars--Observations
Astronomy--Study and teaching--20th century
Solar activity
Stars--Atmospheres
Astrophysics
History of science
Eclipsing binaries
Double stars
Solar eclipses--1937
Orion (Constellation)
Astronomical observatories--United States--20th century
Astronomy--Study and teaching--New Jersey--Princeton--20th century
Astronomy--20th century
Eclipses, Lunar--1900
Astronomy--Societies, etc
Astronomical research--United States--20th century
Occupation
Astronomers
Physicists--20th century
Astronomers--20th century
Function

Person

Birth 1877-10-25

Death 1957-02-18

Americans

English

Information

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