Bloch, Felix, 1905-....

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Physicist.

From the description of Reminiscences of Felix Bloch : oral history, 1964. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122512732

Died 1983.

From the description of Oral history interview with Felix Bloch, 1981 December 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80093456

From the description of Oral history interview with Felix Bloch, 1968 August 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81162102

From the description of Oral history interview with Felix Bloch, 1964 May 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79005519

Physicist. Excelling in both theoretical and experimental physics, Bloch won the Nobel Prize in 1952 for his work in nuclear magnetism. Bloch was a member of the Physics Department at Stanford University from 1934 until his death in 1983. He also served as the first director of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and as president of the American Physical Society.

From the description of Papers, 1931-1987. (Stanford University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 122571894

Chronology

  • 1905: Born in Zurich, Switzerland on October 23 to Gustav and Agnes Bloch.
  • 1923: Begins study of engineering at the Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich.
  • 1924: Switches to the physics curriculum at the Institute.
  • 1927: Graduates and leaves for the University of Leipzig at the suggestion of his instructor Peter Debye.
  • 1927: Begins graduate work at Leipzig under the direction of Werner Heisenberg and becomes his first graduate student.
  • 1928: Publishes his first paper: Radiation Damping in Quantum Mechanics.
  • 1928: Obtains Ph.D. from University of Leipzig. Publishes thesis Uber die Quantenmechanik der Elektronen in Kristallgittern, on the quantum mechanics of electrons in crystal lattices.
  • 1928 - 29 : Assistant in theoretical physics to Wolfgang Pauli in Zurich. Begins work on superconductivity.
  • 1929 - 30 : Fellow of the Lorentz Foundation with H. A. Kramers in Utrecht.
  • 1930 - 31 : Assistant to Heisenberg at the University of Leipzig.
  • 1931: Fellow of the Oersted Foundation with Niels Bohr in Copenhagen.
  • 1932 - 33 : Privatdozent in theoretical physics in Leipzig. Begins work on theories of ferromagnetism and of electron conductivity.
  • 1933: Offered position at Stanford University.
  • 1933 - 34 : Fellow of the Rockefeller Foundation with Enrico Fermi in Rome.
  • 1934: Leaves Europe to become Acting Associate Professor of physics at Stanford University.
  • 1936: Appointed Professor of Physics at Stanford University.
  • 1937: Elected member of the American Physical Society.
  • 1939: Naturalized as American citizen.
  • 1939 - 40 : Works with Dr. Luis Alvarez of the University of California at Berkeley on the determination of the magnetic moment of the neutron.
  • 1940: Marries Lore Clara Misch on March 14.
  • 1941: Twins George Jacob Bloch and Daniel Arthur Bloch born on January 15.
  • 1942 - 43 : Conducts research at Los Alamos on uranium fission and implosion as part of the Manhattan Project.
  • 1943 - 45 : Associate group leader in the theoretical division of the Radio Research Laboratory at Harvard under direction of F. E. Terman.
  • 1945: Son Frank Samuel Bloch born January 16.
  • 1945: Begins research at Stanford on nuclear magnetism. This leads to discovery of nuclear induction.
  • 1946: First paper on nuclear induction published.
  • 1948: Walker-Ames visiting professor at the University of Washington for the summer.
  • 1948: Elected member of the National Academy of Sciences.
  • 1948: Attended the Solvay Conference in Brussels.
  • 1949: Daughter Ruth Hedy Bloch born September 15.
  • 1952: Nobel Prize in Physics shared with Dr. E. M. Purcell of Harvard University for developments in nuclear induction (nuclear magnetic resonance).
  • 1954 - 55 : First Director General of the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • 1958: Elected to the Board of Governors of the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovoth, Israel.
  • 1958: Elected honorary fellow of the Weizmann Institute of Science.
  • 1959: Awarded honorary Ph.D. from Grenoble University.
  • 1960: Awarded honorary Ph.D. from Oxford University.
  • 1962: Awarded honorary Ph.D. from University of Jerusalem.
  • 1962: Appointed Max H. Stein Professor of Physics at Stanford University.
  • 1962: Elected honorary fellow of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.
  • 1964: Elected Vice President of the American Physical Society.
  • 1964: Magnet used by Bloch for the first resonance measurements of organic molecules transferred to Smithsonian Institute's Museum of History and Technology.
  • 1965: President of the American Physical Society.
  • 1966: Awarded honorary Ph.D. from University of Zurich.
  • 1966: Conference at Stanford, Forty Years of Electrons in Metals, honoring Bloch's scientific contributions.
  • 1970: Elected honorary member of the Societe Francaise de Physique.
  • 1971 - 83 : Professor Emeritus of Physics at Stanford University.
  • 1972: H. A. Lorentz Professor of Physics at the University of Leiden, Holland.
  • 1975: Awarded honorary Ph.D. from Gustavus Adolphus College.
  • 1976: Awarded honorary Ph.D. from Brandeis University.
  • 1977: Awarded honorary Ph.D. from the University of Pavia.
  • 1978: Received Honor Award from American Committee for the Weizmann Institute of Science.
  • 1980: Awarded honorary Ph.D. from the Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich.
  • 1982: Elected honorary member of the Physical Society of Zurich.
  • 1983: Dies in Zurich on September 10.

Biographical Note

The Life and work of Felix Bloch

Felix Bloch was born in Zurich, Switzerland on October 23, 1905, the son of Jewish parents Gustav and Agnes Bloch. From 1912 to 1918, Bloch attended the public primary school. After attending the Gymnasium of the Canton of Zurich from 1918 to 1924, Bloch passed his Matura examination, enabling him to study at an institution of higher learning. Interested in science from an early age, he had studied astronomy and was fascinated by mathematics. But his father was a wholesale grain dealer and Bloch recognized the practical necessity of earning a living.

When Bloch enrolled at the Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich in the fall of 1924, he began studying engineering. He soon found, however, that his interests really lay in theoretical directions; after a year, he decided, putting all practicality aside, to switch to the study of physics, considered at that time an entirely useless field since it led to no material achievements. His instructors included several eminent physicists: Peter Debye, Hermann Weyl, and Erwin Schroedinger. Debye, from whom Felix took his first introductory course in physics, left in 1927 to take a position at the University of Leipzig in Germany and urged his young student to join him. Bloch went to Leipzig and there began graduate work under the newly appointed professor of theoretical physics, twenty-six year old Werner Heisenberg.

Working with Heisenberg was a wonderful opportunity for Bloch. Heisenberg, one of the founders of the young quantum mechanical theory of the atom, conveyed a thorough understanding of this new physics, a foundation upon which Bloch's later work would be based. As a first step, Heisenberg encouraged Bloch to complete some calculations on the radiation damping of wave packets, work which Bloch had begun while still a student in Zurich. After publication of this research, he turned to the problem of determining the quantum mechanical structure of electrons in crystal lattices, again at Heisenberg's urging. Bloch's thesis, published in 1928, established him as a brilliant young theorist and still serves as the basis for the study of electron conduction in metals.

After completing his thesis, Bloch began the customary years of visiting and studying at various centers of physics research in Europe. In the summer of 1928, he moved back to Zurich to work as an assistant to Wolfgang Pauli. Pauli, considering superconductivity to be the only interesting topic left in the theory of metals, set Bloch to work on this problem. Unsuccessful in his attempts to formulate a theory of superconductivity, Bloch recognized and clarified the fundamental theoretical difficulties involved.

From Zurich, Bloch traveled to Utrecht where he worked under Henrik Kramers as a Fellow of the Lorentz Foundation. There he studied the theories of electric conductivity of metals and of ferromagnetism at low temperatures. The following summer, Bloch assisted Adriaan Fokker at the Teyler's Stichting in Haarlem in his studies of the spinning electron.

During the academic year beginning in the fall of 1930, Bloch returned to Germany to work on the theory of ferromagnetism and remanent magnetization and to serve as Heisenberg's assistant at the University of Leipzig. This research served as the basis for his Habilitationsschrift when he became Privatdozent (lecturer) at Leipzig in 1932. In the winter of 1931-32, as a Fellow of the Oersted Foundation, he traveled to Copenhagen to work with Niels Bohr. Interested in the stopping power of charged particles in matter, Bloch wrote a paper which bridged the gap between the classical and the quantum theory of stopping power.

Upon his return to Leipzig in the spring of 1932, Bloch became increasingly aware of the emerging tensions in Germany. The students at the University of Leipzig were among Hitler's most fervent supporters and anti-Semitism, though still a predominantly theoretical attitude, was becoming more and more prevelant. When the first Jewish professors were dismissed in 1933, Bloch, at Heisenberg's insistence, applied for a Rockefeller Fellowship for the fall. Political events moved even more quickly than Bloch had anticipated; though his Swiss citizenship prevented his dismissal for the time being, he resigned and left Leipzig in March of 1933.

For the next few months, Bloch stayed mostly at his home in Zurich, but he also traveled to France, Holland, and Denmark. During his summer visit to Copenhagen to see Niels Bohr, he received his first offer from the chairman of the Stanford University physics department, David Locke Webster. Originally, Bloch later confessed, he knew nothing about Stanford so he mentioned the offer to Bohr and Heisenberg and asked for their advice. Heisenberg knew only that Stanford was in California and that the students from Stanford and another school nearby stole each other's axes. Bohr's opinion was definitive: Stanford was a good school; he should go.

Since he had received the Rockefeller Fellowship, however, Bloch decided to postpone going to Stanford until the spring of 1934. First he wanted to go to Rome to work with Enrico Fermi. In Rome, Fermi, one of the few famous European physicists involved with both experiment and theory, emphasized the need for Bloch to conduct experiments as a supplement to his theoretical work.

Despite the additional provision in the Rockefeller Fellowship for six months of study with Ernest Rutherford in England, Bloch left for Stanford in the spring of 1934. He knew little about the University and the members of its physics department, though he had already met several American physicists including Eugene Wigner, Johann Von Neumann, John Van Vleck, William Houston, George Breit, and J. Robert Oppenheimer. After visiting Breit and Van Vleck in New York, Bloch took a train across the country to Palo Alto where he was met by physics chairman Webster.

Though the physics department at that time consisted of nine members, including P. A. Ross, Paul Kirkpatrick, and William Hansen, Bloch was the only theorist. He found himself teaching graduate courses on a variety of subjects: electrodynamics, mechanics, thermodynamics, and quantum mechanics. Very soon after his arrival, Bloch established contact with Oppenheimer, who was teaching at the University of California at Berkeley. Together they quickly organized weekly theoretical seminars attended primarily by Berkeley physicists and graduate students. Bloch's students from Stanford were also often in attendance. Though originally quite small and informal, these seminars soon became very popular.

In the fall of 1935, Bloch returned to Europe to visit his family and friends. Bloch had long suspected that the neutron might have a magnetic moment; what fascinated him about this idea was that a chargeless particle could have magnetic properties. While still a student with Heisenberg, he had stressed the importance both of demonstrating the neutron's magnetic moment and of determining its magnitude. His trip to Europe reaffirmed his convictions; he decided to begin research on neutron physics upon his return to Stanford. In early 1936, heeding Fermi's advice about experimentation, he set out to build a neutron source. Using mostly X-ray and microwave equipment from the physics labs, he and Norris Bradbury, Oppenheimer's successor as director of the Los Alamos National Laboratory, built the source themselves. (Bloch later pointed out that this equipment was more important as a source of inspiration than of neutrons.) Eventually, he extended his use of neutron sources to studies of neutron polarisation, a link to his earlier research in ferromagnetism.

These studies served as a basis for a collaborative effort with Luis Alvarez (then a graduate student at UC Berkeley, later a Nobel laureate). In the fall of 1938, Alvarez and Bloch began working with Berkeley's 37" cyclotron to determine the magnetic moment of the neutron. Because the machine at that time operated very sporadically, Bloch spent many days simply waiting for news that the accelerator was functioning. By the summer of 1939, though, they were able to publish very precise results. This experiment was, in fact, one of the first important uses of Ernest Lawrence's cyclotron.

After publication of their measurements, Bloch felt that there was still neutron research to be done with cyclotrons. Rather than continuing to commute to Berkeley, however, he and some colleagues decided to build a cyclotron at Stanford. Support from both Lawrence and Isidor Rabi proved crucial in obtaining funding for the project. The cyclotron, begun in the fall of 1939, was built from scratch by Bloch and a few of his Stanford colleagues, notably Hans Staub.

Soon after the work on the cyclotron began, Bloch met Lore Misch through mutual friends in New York. Lore, also a physicist, had done graduate work at Goettingen under the supervision of V. M. Goldschmidt, an eminent geophysicist. In 1935, she received her Ph.D. in the field of crystallography. After leaving Germany in 1936, she served for two years as assistant in physics at the University of Geneva in Switzerland. She came to the United States in 1938 and was appointed research associate at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Felix and Lore were married in March 1940. Twins George Jacob and Daniel Arthur were born the following year. Frank Samuel was born in 1945, and Ruth Hedy in 1949.

During these early years at Stanford, Bloch instituted a summer program for visiting professors. Through this program, many eminent physicists, including Fermi, Rabi, George Gamow, Willis Lamb, Viktor Weisskopf, Hans Bethe, and Edward Teller, visited the physics department and helped to establish its reputation as a center of physics research on the west coast.

In 1942, Oppenheimer asked Bloch to work on the Manhattan Project. Bloch, collaborating with Bethe, Teller, and Staub, used the homemade Stanford cyclotron for the first experimental determination of the energy distribution of neutrons from fission. After this was completed, Bloch left for Los Alamos, New Mexico where he worked on special theoretical problems under Bethe's supervision. Quickly bored with this, however, he joined Seth Neddermeyer's implosion group.

After only a few months at Los Alamos, unhappy with the military atmosphere and feeling that he was no longer useful, Bloch left to work at the Harvard Radio Research Laboratory under the direction of Stanford engineer Frederick E. Terman. Bloch did both experimental and theoretical work: although primarily interested in theoretical problems with radar, he also relied on earlier Stanford experiences with microwave research to conduct some experiments on the reflectivity of certain materials. Bloch found the civilian life in Boston much more pleasant than the military one in Los Alamos.

By early 1945, with the end of the war in sight, Bloch's thoughts turned to post-war research. He spent a lot of time with both William Hansen, who had developed the klystron and had done a lot of work with microwaves, and Rabi, who had received the 1944 Nobel Physics Prize for his use of molecular beams in the determination of nuclear moments. Bloch's experiences with radio techniques at the Harvard Laboratory and with the measurement of the magnetic moment of the neutron convinced him that there might be a simpler way of making Rabi's measurements.

When Bloch returned to Stanford in September 1945, he began work on this new project immediately. Martin Packard built the original radio equipment using Hansen's design specifications; Bloch worked primarily with the magnet and its properties. At a meeting of the American Physical Society in December, Bloch met Edmund Purcell of Harvard University and the two discussed their recent research. Both recognized that the theoretical basis of their respective projects was the same, although they had been using slightly different techniques to achieve experimental results. So they decided to split up the field: Bloch would use the effect in the study of liquids; Purcell would examine crystals. The Stanford group gathered its first positive results in January 1946 (see Physical Review 69, 127(L) (1946)).

Because of its simplicity and accuracy, the nuclear induction technique, or nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) as it has come to be known, could be used in a variety of ways in many different fields. It allowed physicists, for example, to measure the magnetic moments of nuclei, important for the development of the shell model of the nucleus. And it served as the basis for many modern developments in chemistry, biology, and medicine. (For a clear description of nuclear induction, see Bloch's article Nuclear Magnetism, American Scientist, 43 (1955): 48-62.)

Recognition for the achievements of both Bloch and Purcell came in 1952 when they were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for the development of new methods for the exact measurement of nuclear magnetism and for the discoveries made in the development of these methods. Felix Bloch thus became Stanford University's first Nobel Prize winner.

Further recognition for Bloch came in 1954 when he was asked to serve as the first Director-General of the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN). He originally heard that he was being considered for the position in the fall of 1953 when he received letters in quick succession from both Bohr and Heisenberg. The selection committee settled on Bloch because he was a man dominating in an exceptional way both the fields of theory and experiment and who could have a deep understanding of the theoretical deductions on which the whole of the big synchrotron project (was) based.

From the beginning, Bloch was not enthusiastic about the offer. Though he considered it a great honor, he felt that he was not well-suited for the sort of administrative responsibilities which would be so much a part of the first Director's job. But he was under great pressure from his friends in Europe and received their repeated assurances that he would merely oversee the administrative tasks while remaining primarily responsible for scientific programs at CERN. In the spring of 1954, after the unanimous approval of the international governing Council, Bloch accepted the offer for a period of two years. Appointed with him were Edoardo Amaldi as Deputy Director and Cornelis J. Bakker as representative of the scientific groups in charge of the construction of the machines.

Upon his arrival in Geneva in October of 1954, though, Bloch found the situation quite different from what he had expected. Amaldi, whom Bloch thought would be handling most of the administrative matters, had been very active in the preliminary stages of the organization but planned to spend the majority of his time working elsewhere once Bloch arrived. Left with the responsibility of managing the day to day administrative work, Bloch found it almost impossible to conduct his own scientific research, the possibility of which had been one of the primary reasons for his acceptance.

Within a few months of his arrival, Bloch realized that he didn't want to stay at CERN for two years. Citing a passage in a letter to Bohr which gave him the option of leaving after only a year, Bloch asked the Council in the spring of 1955 to accept his resignation. With much regret, the request was granted; Bakker was appointed in his stead.

Bloch returned to Stanford and began teaching again the following fall. During the next few years, he and Leonard Schiff, department chairman from 1954 through 1966, built one of the leading physics teaching and research facilities in the world. They and the other senior members of the department persuaded the Atomic Energy Commission to construct the huge linear accelerator (SIAC) on the Stanford campus. They appointed outstanding faculty members and continued to invite distinguished physicists to visit the department. They oversaw the development of the undergraduate curriculum through their emphasis on the importance of introductory courses. And they set consistently high standards for both their students and their colleagues.

Though Bloch was considered by most a theoretical physicist, as Anatole Abragam said in his memorial:

As such a well-known scientist, Bloch was involved with many professional organizations and received numerous distinctions. The extensive list of organizations to which he belonged includes the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, the National Academy of Sciences, the Weizmann Institute of Science, and the American Physical Society. He was appointed an honorary member of the Swiss Physical Society and received honorary degrees from Grenoble University, Oxford University, the University of Jerusalem, and the University of Zurich. In 1965, he served as president of the American Physical Society, one of the largest scientific organizations in the country.

But Bloch was also active in many humanitarian causes. He was a member of the American Professors for Peace in the Middle East, the Committee for UN Integrity, the Committee of Concerned Scientists, the Universities' National Anti-War Fund, and Scientists and Engineers for Secure Energy. He was especially concerned with the fate of his colleagues trapped in Soviet-bloc countries.

Bloch's Stanford colleagues Robert Hofstadter, Marvin Chodorow, Arthur Schawlow, and J. Dirk Walecka describe him this way:

From the guide to the Felix Bloch papers, 1931-1987, (Department of Special Collections and University Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Bloch, Felix, 1905-. Oral history interview with Felix Bloch, 1968 August 15. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Bloch, Felix, 1905-. Oral history interview with Felix Bloch, 1964 May 14. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf American Physical Society. Meeting (1976 : Washington, D.C.). Symposium at the 50th anniversary of quantum mechanics [sound recording] / 1976 April 26. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Phillips, Melba, 1907-. Response to early 1930s Ph.D.s Survey, 1978. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Segrè, Emilio. Oral history interview with Emilio Gino Segrè, 1967 February 13. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962. Manuscripts, other authors, 1910-1961. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Bethe, Hans A. (Hans Albrecht), 1906-2005. Oral history interview with Hans Bethe, 1981 April 29. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Glen E. Meyers Stanford class notes, 1956-1962 Cecil H. Green Library. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars records, 1927-1949, 1933-1945 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. LA report 24: lecture series on nuclear physics, 1943-1944. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Purcell, Edward M. Oral history interview with Edward Mills Purcell, 1977 June 8 and 14. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Panofsky, Wolfgang Kurt Hermann, 1919-. Oral history interview with Wolfgang Kurt Hermann Panofsky, 1973 May 15 to 1974 June 3. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Herring, William Conyers, 1914-. Oral history interview with William Conyers Herring, 1974 July 23, 29, 31 October. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Torrey, Henry Cutler, 1911-. Papers, 1935-1976. Rutgers University
referencedIn Julius Bisno Collection, undated, 1780, 1801-1980 American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn Myers, Glen E., 1934-. Glen E. Myers Stanford class notes, 1956-1962. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Stanford University, Department of Physics, records, 1958-1985, 1971-1985 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Nielsen, Russell A. Russell A. Nielsen photograph albums, 1929-1936. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn J. Robert Oppenheimer Papers, 1799-1980, (bulk 1947-1967) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Schiff, Leonard I. (Leonard Isaac), 1915-1971. Leonard I. Schiff papers, 1948-1971. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Alvarez, Luis W., 1911-1988. Oral history interview with Luis Alvarez, 1967 February 14 and 15. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Brillouin, Léon, 1889-1969. Papers, 1877-1972. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Bloch, Felix, 1905-. Lecture on the Josephson Effect in a superconducting ring [videorecording]. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Peierls, Rudolf E. (Rudolf Ernst), 1907-1995. Oral history interview with Rudolf Ernst Peierls, 1977 May 20. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967. Papers of J. Robert Oppenheimer, 1921-1980 (bulk 1947-1967). Library of Congress
referencedIn Hofstadter, Robert, 1915-1990. Robert Hofstadter papers, 1931-1992. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Wilson, Alan Herries. Conversation with Alan Herries Wilson [sound recording], 1974 November 9. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Archive for the History of Quantum Physics, 1898-1950 (bulk), 1898-1950 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Stanford Oral History Project interviews, 1971-1995 Cecil H. Green Library. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Kirkpatrick, Paul Harmon, 1894-. Some personal actions and reactions, 1971. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Bloch, Felix, 1905-. Autograph signature. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Giulotto, Luigi, 1911-1986. Oral history interview Luigi Giulotto, 1982 December 7. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Sigma Xi, the Scientific Research Society Virginia Chapter. General records of Sigma Xi, the Scientific Research Society, Virginia Chapter [manuscript], 1924-1960 [1985]. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Bloch symposium; a Stanford centennial symposium celebrating the work of Felix Bloch [videorecording], 1989 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Rabi, I. I. (Isidor Isaac), 1898-1988. I.I. Rabi papers, 1899-1989 (bulk 1945-1968). Library of Congress
referencedIn American Physical Society and APS. Joint Committee on the History of Theoretical Physics in the Twentieth Century. Collection, Undated American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Stanford University Press archival book copies, 1900-2012 Cecil H. Green Library. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Gorter, C. J. (Cornelis Jacobus), 1907-. Oral history interview with Cornelis Jacobus Gorter, 1962 November 13. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Bloch, Felix, 1905-. Oral history interview with Felix Bloch, 1981 December 15. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Nordheim, Lothar, 1899-. Oral history interview with Lothar Wolfgang Nordheim, 1977 July 24. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Alvarez, Luis W., 1911-1988. Niels Bohr Library : oral history transcripts, 1924-1978. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Oscar Wilde and his Literary Circle Collection: Correspondence, 1819, 1849-1957, 1962 William Andrews Clark Memorial Library.
referencedIn Bloembergen, N. Oral history interview with Nicolaas Bloembergen, 1983 June 27. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Cranberg, Lawrence, 1917-. Papers, 1962-2000. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Wigner, Eugene Paul, 1902-1995. Oral history interview with Eugene Paul Wigner, 1981 January 24. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Woodyard, John R., 1904-1981. Oral history interview with John R. Woodyard, 1974 October 18 to 17 December 1975. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Robert Hofstadter papers, 1931-1992 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Butterworth, W. Walton (William Walton), 1903-1975. Guest book kept by U. S. ambassador Butterworth [manuscript], 1950-1962. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Stanford University. Dept. of Physics. Stanford University, Dept. of Physics, records, 1966-1985 (inclusive), 1971-1985 (bulk). Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Georgetown University. Dept. of Physics. Excerpts from a Georgetown University Summer School course on the science and technology of superconductivity [videorecording] / recorded by Georgetown University ; 1971. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Leonard I. Schiff papers, 1948-1971 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Bloch symposium; a Stanford centennial symposium celebrating the work of Felix Bloch : video recordings, 1989. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Nicodemus, David Bowman. David B. Nicodemus papers, 1945-1989 (bulk 1945-1960). Oregon State University Libraries
referencedIn Waller, Ivar, 1898-1991. Papers, ca. 1912-1989. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Bradbury, Norris Edwin, 1909-1997. Oral history interview with Norris Edwin Bradbury, 1976 February 11. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Bloch, Felix, 1905-. Reminiscences of Felix Bloch : oral history, 1964. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn American Institute of Physics. Physics Today Division. Unpublished, selected letters to the editors, 1972-1983. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967. J. Robert Oppenheimer papers, 1799-1980 (bulk 1947-1967). Library of Congress
referencedIn David B. Nicodemus Papers, 1945-1989, 1945-1960 Oregon State University University Archives
referencedIn Andreĭ Sakharov papers, 1852-2002 (inclusive), 1960-1990 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. Notes on physics courses given at Los Alamos, 1943-1946. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn I. I. Rabi Papers, 1899-1989, (bulk 1945-1968) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Webster, David Locke, 1888-1976. Oral history interview with David Locke Webster, 1964 May 21. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Felix Bloch papers, 1931-1987 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Lecture series on nuclear physics, 1943. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Bloch, Felix, 1905-1983. Papers, 1931-1987. Stanford University Libraries
referencedIn Hansen, W. W. (William Webster), 1909-1949. William Webster Hansen papers, 1928-1974. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Papers, 1925-1997 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Hahn, E. L. (Erwin Louis), 1921-. Oral history interview with Erwin Louis Hahn, 1986 August 21. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abraham, Max, 1875-1922 person
associatedWith Alvarez, Luis W., 1911-1988. person
associatedWith Amaldi, Edoardo. person
associatedWith Amaldi, Edoardo, 1908-1989 person
associatedWith American Institute of Physics. Physics Today Division. corporateBody
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
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associatedWith Andrade, E. N. da C., (Edward Neville da Costa), 1887-1971 person
associatedWith Back, Ernst, 1881-1959 person
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associatedWith Becquerel, Jean, 1878-1953 person
associatedWith Benedicks, Carl Axel Fredrik, 1875-1953 person
associatedWith Berliner, Arnold, 1862-1942 person
associatedWith Bethe, Hans A. (Hans Albrecht), 1906-2005. person
associatedWith Birge, Raymond T., (Raymond Thayer), 1887-1980 person
associatedWith Bisno, Julius, 1911- person
associatedWith Bloembergen, N. person
associatedWith Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962. person
associatedWith Born, Max, 1882-1970 person
associatedWith Bradbury, Norris Edwin, 1909-1997. person
associatedWith Breit, Gregory. person
associatedWith Brillouin, Léon, 1889-1969. person
associatedWith Broglie, Louis de, 1892-1987 person
associatedWith Butterworth, W. Walton (William Walton), 1903-1975. person
associatedWith Cockcroft, John, Sir, 1897-1967. person
associatedWith Compton, Arthur Holly, 1892-1962 person
associatedWith Coster, Dirk, 1889-1950 person
associatedWith Cranberg, Lawrence, 1917- person
associatedWith Darwin, Charles Galton, Sir, 1887-1962 person
associatedWith Debye, Peter J. W. (Peter Josef William), 1884-1966. person
associatedWith Dibner, Bern, person
associatedWith Dieke, Gerhard Heinrich, 1901-1965 person
associatedWith Dirac, P. A. M., (Paul Adrien Maurice), 1902-1984 person
associatedWith Eddington, Arthur Stanley, Sir, 1882-1944 person
correspondedWith Eddy, George A. person
associatedWith Ehrenfest, Paul, 1880-1933 person
associatedWith Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich. corporateBody
associatedWith Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich. corporateBody
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associatedWith Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars corporateBody
associatedWith European Council for Nuclear Research. corporateBody
associatedWith European Organization for Nuclear Research. corporateBody
associatedWith Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954. person
associatedWith Fokker, A. D. (Adriaan Daniël), 1887- person
associatedWith Fokker, A. D., (Adriaan Daniel), 1887-1972 person
associatedWith Fowler, A., (Alfred), 1868-1940 person
associatedWith Franck, James, 1882-1964 person
associatedWith Gamow, George, 1904-1968. person
associatedWith Georgetown University. Dept. of Physics. corporateBody
associatedWith Gerlach, Walther, 1889-1979 person
associatedWith Giulotto, Luigi, 1911-1986. person
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associatedWith Goudsmit, Samuel Abraham, 1902-1978 person
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associatedWith Haber, Fritz, 1868-1934 person
associatedWith Hahn, E. L. (Erwin Louis), 1921- person
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associatedWith Harvard University. corporateBody
associatedWith Heisenberg, Werner, 1901-1976. person
associatedWith Heitler, Walter, 1904- person
associatedWith Herring, William Conyers, 1914- person
associatedWith Hilbert, David, 1862-1943 person
associatedWith Hoddeson, Lillian, person
associatedWith Hofstadter, Robert, 1915-1990. person
associatedWith Joliot-Curie, Frédéric person
associatedWith Jordan, Pascual, 1902-1980 person
associatedWith Kamerlingh Onnes, Heike, 1853-1926 person
associatedWith Kapitsa, P. L., (Petr Leonidovich), 1894-1984 person
associatedWith Kayser, H., (Heinrich), 1853-1940 person
associatedWith Kemble, Edwin C., (Edwin Crawford), 1889-1984 person
associatedWith Kirkpatrick, Paul. person
associatedWith Kirkpatrick, Paul Harmon, 1894- person
associatedWith Klein, Oskar, 1894-1977 person
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associatedWith McLennan, J. C., (John Cunningham), 1867-1935 person
associatedWith Meitner, Lise, 1878-1968 person
associatedWith Meyerhof, Walter E. (Walter Ernst), 1922-. person
associatedWith Mie, Gustav, 1868-1957 person
associatedWith Millikan, Robert Andrews, 1868-1953 person
associatedWith Mulliken, Robert Sanderson, 1896-1986 person
associatedWith Myers, Glen E., 1934- person
associatedWith Nicodemus, David Bowman person
associatedWith Nicodemus, David Bowman. person
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correspondedWith Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967. person
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correspondedWith Rabi, I. I. (Isador Isaac), 1898- person
correspondedWith Rabi, I. I. (Isidor Isaac), 1898-1988. person
associatedWith Rockefeller Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith Rosenfeld, L. (Leon), 1904-1974. person
associatedWith Rosseland, Svein, 1894-1985 person
associatedWith Rubens, Heinrich, 1865-1922 person
associatedWith Runge, Carl, 1856-1927 person
associatedWith Rutherford, Ernest, 1871-1937 person
associatedWith Sakharov, Andreĭ, 1921-1989 person
associatedWith Scheel, Karl, 1866-1936 person
associatedWith Schiff, Leonard I. (Leonard Isaac), 1915- person
associatedWith Schiff, Leonard I. (Leonard Isaac), 1915-1971. person
associatedWith Schrödinger, Erwin, 1887-1961. person
associatedWith Segrè, Emilio. person
associatedWith Shockley, William, 1910-1989. person
associatedWith Sigma Xi, the Scientific Research Society Virginia Chapter. corporateBody
associatedWith Sommerfeld, Arnold, 1868-1951 person
associatedWith Stanford Historical Society. corporateBody
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associatedWith Stanford University. corporateBody
associatedWith Stanford University. Dept. of Physics corporateBody
associatedWith Stanford University. Dept. of Physics. corporateBody
associatedWith Stanford University. Dept. of Physics. corporateBody
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associatedWith Stark, Johannes, 1874-1957 person
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associatedWith Torrey, Henry Cutler, 1911- person
associatedWith Uhlenbeck, George Eugène, 1900-1988 person
associatedWith Università di Roma. corporateBody
associatedWith Universität Göttingen. corporateBody
associatedWith Universität Leipzig. corporateBody
associatedWith Universität Leipzig. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. corporateBody
associatedWith U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. corporateBody
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associatedWith Voigt, Woldemar, 1850-1919 person
associatedWith Von Neumann, John, 1903-1957. person
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associatedWith Zuckerman, Harriet A., person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Germany
Subject
Neutrino
Particle accelerators
Nuclear magnetism
Nuclear weapons--Testing
Solid state physics
Solids--Magnetic properties
Physics--Study and teaching
Atomic theory
Nuclear structure
Science--History
Klystrons
Nuclear fission
Physics--Research
Nuclear physics
Radar
Nobel prizes
World War, 1939-1945--Science
Manhattan Project (U.S.)
Physicists--Interviews
Physics
Political refugees
Physics--Scholarships, fellowships, etc
Cyclotrons
Radiation damping
Quantum theory
Neutrons--Polarization
Superconductivity
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Causality (Physics)
Quantum electrodynamics
Nuclear induction
Dipole moments
Magnetism
Physics--Military aspects
Occupation
Physicists--United States
Physicists--Germany
Function

Person

Birth 1905-10-23

Death 1983-09-10

French

French

Information

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SNAC ID: 68145852