Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888

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James Freeman Clarke (April 4, 1810 – June 8, 1888) was an American theologian and author.

Born in Hanover, New Hampshire, on April 4, 1810, James Freeman Clarke was the son of Samuel Clarke and Rebecca Parker Hull, though he was raised by his grandfather James Freeman, minister at King's Chapel in Boston, Massachusetts. He attended the Boston Latin School, and later graduated from Harvard College in 1829, and Harvard Divinity School in 1833. Ordained into the Unitarian church he first became an active minister at Louisville, Kentucky, then a slave state, and soon threw himself into the national movement for the abolition of slavery. His theology was unusual for the conservative town and, reportedly, several women walked out of his first sermon. As he wrote to his friend Margaret Fuller, "I am a broken-winged hawk, seeking to fly at the sun, but fluttering in the dust."

In 1839 he returned to Boston where he and his friends established (1841) the Church of the Disciples which brought together a body of people to apply the Christian religion to social problems of the day. One of the features that distinguished his church was Clarke's belief that ordination could make no distinction between him and them. They also were called to be ministers of the highest religious life. Of this church he was the minister from 1841 until 1850 and again from 1854 until his death. He was also secretary of the Unitarian Association and, in 1867-1871, professor of natural religion and Christian doctrine at Harvard.

Clarke contributed essays to The Christian Examiner, The Christian Inquirer, The Christian Register, The Dial, Harper's, The Index, and Atlantic Monthly. In addition to sermons, speeches, hymnals, and liturgies, he published 28 books and over 120 pamphlets during his lifetime. Clarke edited the Western Messenger, a magazine intended to carry to readers in the Mississippi Valley simple statements of liberal religion and what were then the most radical appeals to national duty and the abolition of slavery. Copies of this magazine are now valued by collectors for containing the earliest printed poems of Ralph Waldo Emerson, a personal friend and a distant cousin. Clarke became a member of the Transcendental Club alongside Emerson and several others.

For the Western Messenger, Clarke requested written contributions from Margaret Fuller. Clarke published Fuller's first literary review—criticisms of recent biographies on George Crabbe and Hannah More. She later became the first full-time book reviewer in journalism working for Horace Greeley's New York Tribune. After Fuller's death in 1850, Clarke worked with William Henry Channing and Emerson as editors of The Memoirs of Margaret Fuller Ossoli, published in February 1852. The trio censored or reworded many of Fuller's letters; they believed the public interest in Fuller would be temporary and that she would not survive as a historical figure. Nevertheless, for a time, the book was the best-selling biography of the decade and went through thirteen editions before the end of the century.

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Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911. Papers of Thomas Wentworth Higginson, 1841-1911. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Greenough, William Whitwell, 1819-1899. Letters received, 1850-1892. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887. Papers, 1798-1893 (bulk 1827-1887) Houghton Library
creatorOf Sewall family. Robie-Sewall family papers, 1611-1905. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Thomas Bailey Aldrich papers, 1837-1926. Houghton Library
referencedIn Eliot, Charles William, 1834-1926. Letter from Charles William Eliot to Rev. James F. Clarke, urging him to accept a call to a Cambridge church, 27 Jan., 1870. Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Books from the library of Amos Bronson Alcott, 1579-1893. Houghton Library
creatorOf James Freeman Clarke additional papers, 1806-1936. Houghton Library
referencedIn Papers of the Howe-Richards family, 1840-1950. Houghton Library
referencedIn English-language manuscript verse in the Houghton Library: First-line index, ca. 1000-ca. 1820. Houghton Library
referencedIn Hawthorne family. Hawthorne family papers, 1825-1929. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Belknap family. Belknap family : papers, 1856-1904. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Lutz, Alma, 1890-1973. Collection of documents by and about abolitionists and women's rights activists, 1775-1943 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Fields, James Thomas, 1817-1881. Yesterdays with authors, extra-illustrated. Houghton Library
referencedIn Wendte, Charles William, 1844-1931. Papers, 1867-1931 (inclusive). Harvard University, Divinity School Library
referencedIn Cantwell, John Simon. Papers, 1804-1907. Andover-Harvard Theological Library
referencedIn Autograph File, V, 1476-1947. Houghton Library
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creatorOf Sunderland, Jabez Thomas, 1842-1936. Jabez Thomas Sunderland papers, 1868-1936. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Wendte, Charles William, 1844-1931. Papers, 1867-1931 Andover-Harvard Theological Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Family papers, 1777-1914. Houghton Library
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke Collection, 1886 University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept.
referencedIn Barrows family papers, 1861-1931. Houghton Library
referencedIn Samuel Gray Ward and Anna Hazard Barker Ward papers, 1823-1934 (inclusive) 1837-1900 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Fowler family. Fowler and Wells families papers, 1807-1968, 1836-1901(bulk). Cornell University Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous compositions, 1822-1892. Houghton Library
referencedIn Stone, Lucy, 1818-1893. Letters, 1850-1893 (bulk: 1876-1893) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882. Letters to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1761-1904 (bulk 1820-1888) Houghton Library
referencedIn Letters sent to Caroline Augusta Kennard concerning Dorothea Lynde Dix, 1876-1888. Houghton Library
referencedIn May family. Papers of the May and Goddard families, 1766-1912 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Concord (Mass.). Committee of Arrangements (1875). Concord Committee of Arrangements for the celebration in Concord of the centennial anniversary of the Battle of Concord records, 1873-1876. Concord Free Public Library, Special Collection
referencedIn Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts, 1582-1843 Houghton Library
creatorOf Mansfield, Gideon M. Autograph collection, 1643-1896. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Papers, 1790-1951. Houghton Library
referencedIn Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874. Correspondence, 1829-1874 Houghton Library
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke family papers, 1777-1914. Houghton Library
referencedIn Autograph File, Y, 1754-1914. Houghton Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Papers, 1841-1897 (inclusive). Harvard University, Divinity School Library
creatorOf Moulton, Louise Chandler, 1835-1908. Correspondence with Mr. Arlo Bates, Mr. White, John Lane, Mr. Gilder, Mr. Wingate , Vivian Burnett, Mr. [Thomas?] Niles of Roberts Brothers Pub. Co., Mr. Champlin, Mrs. Bush, Mrs. Nixon, Mr. Smith, Mr. Locker-Lampson, Miss Clarke, Mrs. Otto B. Cole, and others : and holograph poems ; and 29 inscriptions from books formerly owned by Moulton and one newspaper clipping; letters to Mrs. Moulton from F.W.H. Myers and Basil Wilberforce. University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
referencedIn Loring, Ellis Gray, 1803-1858. Ellis Gray Loring Family papers, 1828-1923 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Dall, Caroline Wells Healey, 1822-1912. Caroline Wells Healey Dall papers, 1811-1917. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Lutz, Alma,. Collection of documents by and about abolitionists and women's rights activists: Part 1 (Ad-Lip), 1775-1943 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn North American Review papers, 1831-1843 Houghton Library
referencedIn Batchelder family papers, 1806-1902 Houghton Library
referencedIn Chase family. Papers, c. 1787-c. 1915. Gadsden Public Library
referencedIn Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. Papers, 1874-1945 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Autograph File, B, ca.1500-1976. Houghton Library
creatorOf Ford, Worthington Chauncey, 1858-1941. Letters of Worthington Chauncey Ford [manuscript], 1886-1900. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Additional papers, 1717-1888. Houghton Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Additional papers, 1717-1888. Houghton Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. A note written by his secretary? to: Shakespeare Society of Wellesley College January 26, 1883. Wellesley College
referencedIn Poems of the "Old South" in autograph manuscript, 1877. Houghton Library
creatorOf Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 1803-1882. Papers, 1822-1930 (bulk: 1830-1877). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Papers, 1829-1956 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf James Freeman Clarke letters, 1885 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn May family. Papers of the May and Goddard families, 1766-1912 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, 1871-1940. Houghton Library
referencedIn Almy family. Additional papers, 1832-1984 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Fowler and Wells families papers, 1807-1968, 1836-1901(bulk) Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Norton, Charles Eliot, 1827-1908. Papers, ca.1845-1908 Houghton Library
creatorOf Amory, William, 1804-1888. Thomas J. Coolidge autograph collection, 1852-1887. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Donoghue, Richard Sheridan. Thoughts : diary and recipe book, 1885-1898. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911. Correspondence, 1843-1911 Houghton Library
referencedIn DeNormandie, James, 1838-1924. Papers, ca. 1864-1915. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn May family. Papers of the May and Goddard families, 1766-1912 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. James Freeman Clarke letters, 1847-1887. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. James Freeman Clarke letters, 1846-1872. New-York Historical Society Library
referencedIn Autograph File, M, 1648-1985. Houghton Library
referencedIn Dall, Caroline Wells Healey, 1822-1912. Papers of Caroline Wells Healey Dall, 1811-1917. Library of Congress
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke Collection, 1883 University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept.
referencedIn Autograph File, S, 1556-1996. Houghton Library
creatorOf Fuller, Margaret, 1810-1850. Papers, 1830-1849. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Sunderland, Jabez Thomas, 1842-1936. Jabez Thomas Sunderland papers, 1868-1936. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. The religious philosophy of Ralph Waldo Emerson : a lecture delivered in the Hollis Street Church, Boston / by Jas. Freeman Clarke. Minuteman Library Network
creatorOf Gannett, Ezra S. (Ezra Stiles), 1801-1871. Ezra Stiles Gannett papers, 1816-1918. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Charles Baldwin Sedgwick Papers, 1814-1891 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn Spring, Rebecca. Rebecca Spring papers, ca. 1830-1900. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Papers, 1819-1932. . Andover-Harvard Theological Library
referencedIn Autograph File, L, 1641-1976. Houghton Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. James Freeman Clarke correspondence, 1845-1872. Houghton Library
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company contracts, 1831-1979 (inclusive) 1880-1940 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Howells family papers, 1850-1954 (inclusive). Houghton Library
referencedIn First Unitarian Church (Louisville, Ky.). First Unitarian Church : records, 1830-1986. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Lesley, J. P. (J. Peter), 1819-1903. Papers, 1826-1898. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Bellows, Henry W. (Henry Whitney), 1814-1882. Henry W. Bellows papers, 1783-1907. Library of Congress
referencedIn Church of the Disciples (Boston, Mass.). Records, 1863-1950 Andover-Harvard Theological Library
referencedIn Autograph File, A, 1518-2002. Houghton Library
referencedIn Ralph Waldo Emerson additional papers, ca.1835-1891. Houghton Library
referencedIn Witter Bynner papers, 1829-1965. Houghton Library
creatorOf Poems of the "Old South" in autograph manuscript, 1877. Houghton Library
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, 1850-1895 (inclusive), 1852-1878 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Woman's rights collection, 1853-1958 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Very, Jones, 1813-1880. Jones Very poems and essays, 1840-1880. Houghton Library
referencedIn Cabot family. Papers, 1786-1945 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Louis Arthur Holman collection of Keats iconography and related papers, 1752-1963. Houghton Library
creatorOf Topical pamphlet collection, <1741>-<1996>. Concord Free Public Library, Special Collection
referencedIn Autograph File, I, 1730-1978. Houghton Library
referencedIn Autograph File, T, 1580-1975. Houghton Library
referencedIn May, Samuel J. (Samuel Joseph), 1797-1871. Samuel Joseph May diary, 1865. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Letter, 1847, Dec. 27, Boston, [Mass.], to Charles H. Plummer. Brown University Archives, John Hay Library
referencedIn Twenty-eighth Congregational Society (Boston, Mass.) Records, 1845-1889 Andover-Harvard Theological Library
creatorOf New England Women's Auxiliary Association. Records, 1861-1887. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. Papers: Series I, 1874-1944 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Dall, Caroline Wells Healey, 1822-1912. Papers, 1829-1956 (inclusive), 1837-1916 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Alcott family additional papers, 1707-1904 (inclusive), 1821-1888 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Additional correspondence, 1787-1886 Houghton Library
referencedIn First Parish (Cambridge, Mass.). Records, 1834-1912. Andover-Harvard Theological Library
referencedIn James Russell Lowell papers, 1835-1919. Houghton Library
referencedIn Winchester family. Papers, 1800-1872; 1899. American Antiquarian Society
creatorOf Letters to Margaret Fuller, 1829-1840. Houghton Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Papers, 1833-1905. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Walker, James, 1794-1874. Correspondence, 1815-1859 Andover-Harvard Theological Library
referencedIn Clark, Alvan, 1804-1887. Correspondence, 1857-1893. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Brooks, Phillips, 1835-1893. Papers, 1832-1892 Houghton Library
referencedIn Howe family papers, 1819-1910. Houghton Library
referencedIn Papers, 1857-1961 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers of Thomas Hill, 1794-1930. Harvard University Archives.
creatorOf James Freeman Clarke family papers, 1777-1914. Houghton Library
referencedIn Hawthorne Family Papers, ca. 1800-1926 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Blackwell family. Papers, 1784-1944 (bulk: 1832-1939) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Autograph card signed J. F. C. to: Mr. Sumner[?]. Wellesley College
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Letter to Horace Howard Furness, 1872. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Letters concerning John Keats, 1794-1958 (inclusive) 1822-1895 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Alfred Pirtle Papers, 1847-1924. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Additional papers, 1832-1984 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf McCleary family. McCleary family papers, 1735-1955, bulk: 1809-1904. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Examiner Club (Boston, Mass.). Records, 1829-1963. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Letters, 1863-1886. Boston Public Library, Central Library in Copley Square
referencedIn Blackwell family. Papers, 1784-1944 (inclusive), 1832-1939 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Clapp, William Warland, Jr., 1826-1891. Correspondence, 1790-1891 (bulk 1840-1891) Houghton Library
referencedIn Ticknor and Fields records, 1839-1881. Houghton Library
referencedIn Autograph File, Z, 1735-1964. Houghton Library
referencedIn Jones Very poems and essays, 1840-1880. Houghton Library
referencedIn Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866. Jared Sparks collection of American manuscripts, 1582-1843 Houghton Library
referencedIn Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910. Papers, 1857-1961 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Cartes-de-visite album and biographies, ca. 1875-1876. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Channing, George Gibbs, 1789-. Letters to James F. Clarke, 1847-1857. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Autograph File, U, 1689-1943. Houghton Library
referencedIn First Unitarian Church (Louisville, Ky.). Photograph collection, ca. 1860-1980. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke Collection, 1865-1882 University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept.
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Perry-Clarke Collection, 1761-1923. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Letter, 1849 June 20, Boston. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Ralph Waldo Emerson letters from various correspondents, ca. 1814-1882. Houghton Library
creatorOf James Freeman Clarke correspondence, 1845-1872. Houghton Library
creatorOf Very, Jones, 1813-1880. Papers, 1833-1886. Brown University Archives, John Hay Library
referencedIn Church of the Disciples (Boston, Mass.). Records, 1855-1884 Andover-Harvard Theological Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Autograph letter signed : Magnolia, Mass. [in Gloucester], to the editor of The Critic [Jeannette L. and Joseph B. Gilder], 1884 Aug. 20. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Greer, Louise, 1899-. Papers of Louise Greer [manuscript], 1851-1964. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Christopher Pearse Cranch illustrations of the New Philosophy, ca. 1837-1839. Houghton Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Letters, 1860-1884, Jamaica Plain, Mass. Brown University Archives, John Hay Library
referencedIn Jabez Thomas Sunderland Papers, 1868-1936 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Autograph File, E, 1564-1961. Houghton Library
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke Collection, 1880-1887, n.d. University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept.
referencedIn Dall, Caroline Wells Healey, 1822-1912. Papers, 1841-1910 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Clapp, William Warland, 1826-1891. Correspondence, 1790-1891 (inclusive), 1840-1891 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Letter : Jamaica Plain, Mass., to the Rev. Dr. Peabody, 1868 June 19. Bryn Mawr College, Mariam Coffin Canaday Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. James Freeman Clarke additional correspondence, 1787-1886. Houghton Library
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke correspondence, 1845-1872. Houghton Library
referencedIn Autograph File, F, 1447-1994. Houghton Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Papers, 1832-1888. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Peabody, Ephraim, 1807-1856. Papers, 1831-1884. Andover-Harvard Theological Library
creatorOf Clarke, Lilian Freeman, 1842-1921. Correspondence, 1862-1907. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Additional correspondence, 1787-1886 Houghton Library
referencedIn Autograph File, C, 1554-2002. Houghton Library
referencedIn Portrait file: Guide. Houghton Library
referencedIn Harvard University. Autograph File, G. 1641-2009. Houghton Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888,. Book of the dead : manuscript, [1580-1350 B.C.] Houghton Library
referencedIn Hoar, George Frisbie. 1826-1904. Autograph collection, 1598-1945 Houghton Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Letters to Margaret Fuller, 1829-1840. Houghton Library
referencedIn Howe family additional papers, 1863-1942 Houghton Library
creatorOf Hunt, Leigh, 1784-1859. Politics and poetics : or the desperate situation of a journalist unhappily smitten with the love of rhyme : manuscript, 1811 Houghton Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Letter, 1862, June 17th to Mr. Fields [James Thomas Fields]. University of South Carolina, System Library Service, University Libraries
creatorOf Newton, William Taylor. William T. Newton papers, 1827-1884. Connecticut Historical Society
creatorOf Kennard, Caroline Augusta,. Letters sent to Caroline Augusta Kennard concerning Dorothea Lynde Dix, 1876-1888. Houghton Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Autograph letter signed : Boston, to the Rev. John Pierpont, 1846 Apr. 30. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Additional papers, 1717-1888. Houghton Library
referencedIn New England Women's Club. Records, 1843-1970 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Edward William Hooper letters, 1862-1892 (inclusive), 1862-1865 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke correspondence, 1845-1872. Houghton Library
referencedIn Eliot, Christopher Rhodes, 1856-1945. Papers, 1872-1943 Andover-Harvard Theological Library
creatorOf Botume, Lizzie H. Affidavit, 1864, September 17, Boston. Brown University Archives, John Hay Library
referencedIn Howe, M. A. De Wolfe (Mark Antony De Wolfe), 1864-1960. Additional papers, 1880-1959 Houghton Library
referencedIn Hawes, Morton, 1836-. Letters to his mother, 1862 and n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Autograph File, H, 1584-1988. Houghton Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman. Papers, 1847-1897. Andover-Harvard Theological Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Autograph letter signed : Jamaica Plain [Boston], to Doctor [Andrew Preston?] Peabody, [1866] Apr. 11. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Downer, Samuel, 1807-1881. Free Soil Party reunion records, 1848-1881 ; bulk: 1877. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Cranch, Christopher Pearse, 1813-1892. Christopher Pearse Cranch illustrations of the New Philosophy, ca. 1837-1839. Houghton Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. The Old South speaks : poem, [n.d.]. Brown University Archives, John Hay Library
referencedIn Society for Promoting Theological Education. Records, 1815-1977 Andover-Harvard Theological Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman. Papers, 1841-1871. Andover-Harvard Theological Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Letter : Jamaica Plain, Mass., to the Atlantic Monthly, [18--] Mar. 22. Bryn Mawr College, Mariam Coffin Canaday Library
referencedIn Lesley, J. Peter, 1819-1903. Papers, 1826-1898 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Haynes, Henry W. (Henry Williamson), 1831-1912. Henry W. Haynes papers, 1805-1912. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Child, Lydia Maria, 1802-1880. Correspondence with her sister [Mrs. Warren Preston] May 26, 1822, Oct. 28, 1827, : to Messrs Carey & Lea, 1830 June 20, Boston, to Mary E. Stearns [from] Aunt Maria, West Newton, July 17th, 1851, to Messrs. Ticknor Fields, Nov. 12, 1865, to Mrs. Spring, [n.d.], Mrs. Clarke, June 18, 1876, and a ms. of an essay. University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
referencedIn Bird, Francis William, 1809-1894. Papers, 1826-1924; bulk: 1847-1889 Houghton Library
referencedIn Correspondence and other papers, 1831-1891. Houghton Library
referencedIn Home for Aged Colored Women (Boston, Mass.). Records : 1861-1950. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Almy family. Papers, 1649-1984 (inclusive), 1832-1984 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Bowditch, Henry I. (Henry Ingersoll), 1808-1892. Nathaniel Bowditch memorial collection, 1851-1886. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Autograph File, D, 1586-1975. Houghton Library
referencedIn Correspondence and other papers, 1825-1936. Houghton Library
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke additional papers, 1806-1936. Houghton Library
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company correspondence and records, 1832-1944. Houghton Library
referencedIn Pickard-Whittier papers, 1815-1915. Houghton Library
referencedIn Autograph album, 1877-1893. Houghton Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. James Freeman Clarke additional papers, 1806-1936. Houghton Library
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, A-D Houghton Library
referencedIn Palfrey family papers, 1713-1915 Houghton Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Autograph letter signed James Freeman Clarke to: Alice Elvira Freeman Palmer May 27, 1886. Wellesley College
referencedIn Eliot, Christopher Rhodes, 1856-1945. Papers, 1872-1943 (inclusive). Harvard University, Divinity School Library
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888. Papers of James Freeman Clarke [manuscript], 1865-1887. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Nitzsche, George Erazmus, 1874-1961. George E. Nitzsche Unitariana collection, 1778-2007; bulk: 1791-1956 Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Charles Deane collection, Deane, Charles collection, 1840-1909, 1848-1889 William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Ralph Morris collection of autographs and portraits Houghton Library
referencedIn Woman's rights collection, 1853-1958 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Parkman family, Edward Twisleton, and Sarah Wyman Whitman additional papers, 1763-1917 (inclusive) 1850-1907 (bulk). Houghton Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abbot, Ezra, 1819-1884 person
correspondedWith Abiel Abbot Livermore person
correspondedWith Abraham F. and Susan S. Fisher Clarke person
correspondedWith Abraham Fuller person
associatedWith Adams, Hannah, 1755-1832 person
correspondedWith Adams, Henry, 1838-1918 person
associatedWith Adams, John, pres, U. S., 1735-1826 person
associatedWith Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848, person
correspondedWith Adams, L. H. person
correspondedWith Adeline Brown person
correspondedWith Agassiz, Elizabeth (Cary) 1822-1907 person
associatedWith A. I. Noel Byron person
associatedWith Albert Gallatin person
associatedWith Alcott, Amos Bronson, 1799-1888 person
correspondedWith Alcott family. family
correspondedWith Aldrich, Thomas Bailey, 1836-1907 person
correspondedWith Alfreda Andrew person
correspondedWith Alfred Huidekoper person
correspondedWith Alice de Vermandois (Sohier) Clarke person
correspondedWith Allan, Joesph Henry, 1820-1898 person
correspondedWith Allen, Charles, 1827-1913 person
correspondedWith Allen, Joseph Henry, 1820-1898 person
associatedWith ALMA LUTZ, 1890-1973 person
associatedWith Almy family. family
associatedWith Almy family. person
associatedWith ALMY FAMILY family
associatedWith A. L. S. (Rebecca C. Spring) person
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Unitarian Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Ames, Fisher, 1758-1808 person
correspondedWith Amos Adams Lawrence person
correspondedWith Anderson, Elbert. person
correspondedWith Andrew, John Albion, 1818-1867 person
correspondedWith Andrews, Ernest W. person
correspondedWith Anna H. Clarke person
associatedWith Anna H. Clarke person
correspondedWith Anna (Huidekoper) Clarke person
correspondedWith Anna Huidekoper Clarke person
correspondedWith Anna Huidekoper Clarke person
correspondedWith Anna J. T. Parsons person
correspondedWith Anne Bigelow McKim person
correspondedWith Annie (Adams) Fields person
correspondedWith Annie M. Chalmers person
correspondedWith Appleton, D., & Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Arnold, Matthew, 1822-1888 person
correspondedWith Artemas Ward person
correspondedWith Arthur E. S. Clarke person
associatedWith Astor, John Jacob, 1763-1848 person
associatedWith Athanase Coquerel person
correspondedWith Athenaeum corporateBody
correspondedWith Atwood, (Mrs) J. S. person
correspondedWith Badger, Joseph, 1757-1846 person
correspondedWith Bailey, F. H. person
correspondedWith Bailey, William Henry, 1831- person
correspondedWith Balding, William H. person
correspondedWith Baldwin, Loammi, 1780-1838 person
correspondedWith Baldwin, William Henry, 1826-1909 person
correspondedWith Ball, George H. person
associatedWith Ballon, Adin person
associatedWith Bancroft, Aaron, 1755-1839 person
associatedWith Bancroft, Elizabeth (Davis) Bliss, d. 1886 person
associatedWith Bancroft, George, 1800-1891 person
correspondedWith Barkeley, B. R. person
correspondedWith Barlow, Joel, 1754-1812 person
correspondedWith Barnabee, Henry Clay, 1833-1917 person
associatedWith Barney, N. person
associatedWith Barnum, Phineas Taylor, 1810-1891 person
correspondedWith Barr, Amelia Edith (Huddleston) 1831-1919 person
correspondedWith Barrows family. family
correspondedWith Barstow, Gideon. person
correspondedWith Bartol, Cyrus Augustus, 1813-1900 person
associatedWith Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1777-1815 person
associatedWith Batchelder family. family
correspondedWith Battey, William. person
associatedWith Bayard, Thomas Francis, 1828-1898 person
correspondedWith Beach, L. C. person
associatedWith Beal, Boylston Adams, 1865-1944 person
correspondedWith Beard, David person
correspondedWith Beard, J. W. person
correspondedWith Bedell, Minnie S. person
associatedWith Beecher, Henry Ward, 1813-1887 person
correspondedWith Belanger, J. A. person
correspondedWith Belknap family. family
associatedWith Bellows, Henry W. (Henry Whitney), 1814-1882. person
associatedWith Belsham, Thomas, 1750-1829 person
correspondedWith Benjamin Bussey Thatcher person
correspondedWith Benjamin Ropes Nichols person
associatedWith Bentham, Jeremy, 1748-1832 person
correspondedWith Bentley, William, 1759-1819 person
correspondedWith Berkeley House corporateBody
associatedWith Binnay, Horace, 1780-1875 person
correspondedWith Bird, F. W. (Francis William), 1809-1894 person
correspondedWith Bishop Provost person
associatedWith Bixby, Mr., person
associatedWith Blackie, John Stuart, 1809-1895 person
associatedWith Blackwell family. family
associatedWith BLACKWELL FAMILY family
associatedWith Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893. person
correspondedWith Bolton, William Compton. person
correspondedWith Bond, George William. person
correspondedWith Bosson, Campbell. person
associatedWith Boston Association. corporateBody
correspondedWith Boston, City of. Board of Aldermen. corporateBody
correspondedWith Boston Daily Traveler corporateBody
correspondedWith Boston evening transcript, recipient. corporateBody
correspondedWith Boston Herald corporateBody
correspondedWith Boston, Mass. Church of the Disciples, recipient. corporateBody
associatedWith Botume, Lizzie H. person
correspondedWith Bowditch, Charles Pickering, 1842-1921 person
associatedWith Bowditch, Henry I. (Henry Ingersoll), 1808-1892. person
associatedWith Bowditch, Nathaniel, 1773-1838 person
correspondedWith Bowdoin, James, 1726-1790 person
correspondedWith Bowen, Royal A. person
correspondedWith Bowser, Alexander Thomas. person
correspondedWith Boyd, John Parker, 1764-1830 person
correspondedWith Bradford, Gamaliel, 1831-1911 person
correspondedWith Bradford, James A. J. person
associatedWith Bradley, George Granville, 1821-1903 person
correspondedWith Bragdon, Charles A. person
correspondedWith B. R. Curtis person
associatedWith Bremer, Fredrika, 1801-1865 person
correspondedWith Brevoort, H. J. person
associatedWith Bridgham, Laura Dewey, 1829-1889 person
correspondedWith Brig. -Gen. Rose person
associatedWith Bright, John. 1811-1889 person
correspondedWith Brisban, . person
associatedWith Bristow, Benjamin Helm, 1832-1896 person
correspondedWith British and Foreign Unitarian Association. corporateBody
correspondedWith Broad, C. & A. corporateBody
associatedWith Brock, Isaac, Sir., 1769-1812 person
correspondedWith Brooke person
associatedWith Brook Farm Phalanx (West Roxbury, Boston, Mass.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Brooks, Charles Timothy, 1813-1883 person
correspondedWith Brooks, John, 1752-1825 person
correspondedWith Brooks, Phillips, 1835-1893 person
associatedWith Brooks, Phillips, bp., 1835-1893 person
associatedWith Brooks, Stopford Augustus, 1832-1916 person
correspondedWith Broun, John S. person
correspondedWith Brown, David Henry, 1836-1908 person
associatedWith Brown, E. G. person
associatedWith Browning, Elizabeth (Barrett), 1806-1861 person
associatedWith Browning Robert, 1812-1889 person
associatedWith Brown, John, 1800-1859, person
correspondedWith Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878 person
correspondedWith B. Thompson person
associatedWith Buchanan, James, 1791-1868, person
associatedWith Buchanan, James, pres. U. S., 1791-1868 person
associatedWith Buchanan, Joseph Rodes, 1814-1899 person
associatedWith Buckminster, Joseph Stevens, 1784-1812 person
correspondedWith Bulfinch, Stephen Greenleaf, 1809-1870 person
correspondedWith Bulfinch, Thomas, 1796-1867 person
correspondedWith Burmley, Avery person
associatedWith Burns, Anthony, 1834-1862 person
correspondedWith Burns, Charles de F. person
associatedWith Burr, Aaron, 1756-1838 person
associatedWith Burton, Warren, 1800-1866 person
correspondedWith Burwell, Mahlon, 1783-1846 person
associatedWith Bushnell, Horace, 1802-1876 person
associatedWith Butler, Mann, 1784-1854. person
correspondedWith Byng, Julian Byng, 1st viscount, 1862-1935 person
correspondedWith Bynner, Witter, 1881-1968 person
associatedWith Byron, Anne Isabella (Milbanke) Byron, baroness, 1792-1860 person
correspondedWith Campanier, H. person
associatedWith Campbell, Maria, 1788-1845. person
correspondedWith Campbell, Sarah H. person
correspondedWith Campbell, S. Fenwick person
correspondedWith Canadian Army Corps corporateBody
associatedWith Cantwell, John Simon. person
associatedWith Capen, Nahum, 1804-1886, person
correspondedWith Captain Caldwell person
associatedWith Capt. John Brown person
associatedWith Caroline H. Dall. person
correspondedWith Caroline (Healey) Dall person
associatedWith CAROLINE WELLS HEALEY DALL, 1822-1912 person
associatedWith Carpenter, Joseph Estlin, 1844-1927 person
associatedWith Carpenter, Mary, 1807-1877 person
correspondedWith Cary, Annie Louise. person
correspondedWith Cary, Samuel, 1785-1815 person
correspondedWith C. Cutler person
correspondedWith Chaix, V. person
correspondedWith Chalmers, Anna Maria person
correspondedWith Chamberlain, Joseph, 1836-1914 person
associatedWith Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence, 1828-1914 person
correspondedWith Chamberlin, Charles W. person
associatedWith Channing family. family
associatedWith Channing, George Gibbs, 1789- person
correspondedWith Channing, Walter, 1786-1876 person
associatedWith Channing, W. H. (William Henry), 1810-1884, person
associatedWith Channing, William Ellery, 1780-1842. person
associatedWith Chapin, Edwin Hubbell, 1814-1880 person
correspondedWith Chapman, George Thomas, 1786-1872 person
associatedWith Chapman, John Gadsby, 1808-1889 person
correspondedWith Character, etc. of Abraham Fuller. person
correspondedWith Charles H. Trout person
correspondedWith Charles Jackson person
correspondedWith Charles Summer person
associatedWith Charles Sumner person
associatedWith Charles W. Eliot) person
associatedWith Chase family. family
correspondedWith Cheniquy, Joseph person
correspondedWith Chevalier, Michel, 1806-1879 person
associatedWith Child, Lydia Maria, 1802-1880. person
associatedWith Child, Lydia Maria (Francis), 1802-1880 person
correspondedWith Chivers, E. E. person
correspondedWith Cholmondeley, Mary, 1859-1925 person
correspondedWith Christian Register corporateBody
correspondedWith Church, Edward A. person
correspondedWith Churchill, Samuel person
associatedWith Church of the Disciples corporateBody
associatedWith Church of the Disciples corporateBody
associatedWith Church of the Disciples (Boston, Mass.) corporateBody
associatedWith Church of the Disciples (Boston, Mass.). corporateBody
correspondedWith C. K. Davis person
associatedWith Clapp, William Warland, 1826-1891. person
associatedWith Clark, Alvan, 1804-1887. person
correspondedWith Clarke, Abraham F. person
associatedWith Clarke, Abraham F., person
associatedWith Clarke, Anna Huidekoper, person
associatedWith Clarke, Anna Huidekoper, 1814-1897. person
correspondedWith Clarke, Annie Gay, 1822-1874 person
correspondedWith Clarke, Cora (Huidekoper) person
associatedWith Clarke, Cora Huidekoper, 1851-1916. person
associatedWith Clarke, Eliot C. (Eliot Channing), 1845-1921. person
correspondedWith Clarke, Eva. person
associatedWith Clarke family, family
associatedWith Clarke family. person
associatedWith Clarke family. family
associatedWith Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888 person
correspondedWith Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888 person
correspondedWith Clarke, Lilian Freeman, 1842- person
associatedWith Clarke, Lilian Freeman, 1842-1921. person
associatedWith Clarke, Lillian Freeman, 1842-1921. person
correspondedWith Clarke, Lucie Larned. person
associatedWith Clarke, Rebecca Parker, 1790-1886. person
correspondedWith Clarke, Robert P. person
associatedWith Clarke, Samuel, 1779-1830. person
correspondedWith Clarke, Samuel, 1791-1859 person
correspondedWith Clarke, Samuel Clarke, b. 1806 person
associatedWith Clarke, Samuel, d. 1778. person
correspondedWith Clarke, Sarah Ann, 1808- person
associatedWith Clarke, Sarah F. person
correspondedWith Clarke, Sarah Freeman. person
associatedWith Clarke, Sarah Freeman. person
correspondedWith Clarke, William Hull person
associatedWith Clarke, William Hull, 1812-1878, person
associatedWith Clark family. family
correspondedWith Clark, George D. person
correspondedWith Class of 1829 corporateBody
associatedWith Clay, Henry, 1777-1852 person
associatedWith Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908. person
associatedWith Clinton, George, 1739-1812 person
correspondedWith Clymer, George, 1739-1813 person
associatedWith Cobb, David, 1748-1830 person
associatedWith Cobbe, Frances Power, 1822-1904 person
associatedWith Coffin, Charles Carleton, 1823-1896 person
associatedWith Coleridge, Derwent. person
correspondedWith Collyer, Robert, 1823-1912 person
associatedWith Concord (Mass.). Committee of Arrangements (1875) corporateBody
correspondedWith Congregationalist corporateBody
correspondedWith Constant Freeman person
correspondedWith Conway, Moncure Daniel, 1832-1907 person
correspondedWith Coolidge, Calvin, pres. U. S., 1872-1933 person
correspondedWith Coolidge, William Dawes. person
correspondedWith Cooper, Samuel, 1798-1876 person
associatedWith Copley, John Singleton, 1737-1815 person
associatedWith Cora Clarke's person
correspondedWith Cora (Huidekoper) Clarke person
correspondedWith Cordner person
correspondedWith Cortelyou, George Bruce, 1862-1940 person
correspondedWith Courier corporateBody
associatedWith Cousin, Victor, 1792-1867 person
correspondedWith Craig, Isaac person
associatedWith Cranch, Christopher Pearse, 1813-1892 person
associatedWith Cranch, Christopher Pearse, 1813-1892. person
associatedWith Cranch, William, 1769-1855 person
correspondedWith Critic corporateBody
associatedWith Crittenden, John Jordan, 1787-1863 person
correspondedWith Cruft, Samuel B. person
correspondedWith Curtis, Charles Pelham, 1792-1864 person
correspondedWith Curtis, George William, 1824-1892 person
correspondedWith Curtis, Herbert Pelham. person
correspondedWith Curtis, James Freeman, 1797-1839 person
correspondedWith Curtis, Mrs B person
correspondedWith Curtis, Theophilus. person
correspondedWith Cushing, A. L. person
correspondedWith Cutter, George Washington, 1801? -1865 person
correspondedWith Cyrus Woodman person
correspondedWith Daily Advertiser corporateBody
correspondedWith Dale, C. S. person
correspondedWith Dallas, Alexander James, 1759-1817 person
associatedWith Dall, Caroline Wells Healey, 1822-1912. person
correspondedWith Dana, Richard Henry, 1787-1879 person
associatedWith Dana, Richard Henry, 1812-1882 person
correspondedWith Daniel Barnard Hagar person
correspondedWith David Fales person
associatedWith Davis, Charles Henry, 1807-1877 person
correspondedWith Davis, Harriet Riddle. person
correspondedWith Davis, Helen person
correspondedWith Day, Fred Holland. person
associatedWith Deane, Charles, 1813-1889 person
correspondedWith Dean, John Ward, 1815-1902 person
associatedWith Dearborn, H. A. S. (Henry Alexander Scammell), 1783-1851, person
associatedWith Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. person
associatedWith DeNormandie, James, 1838-1924. person
associatedWith Devens, Charles, 1820-1891 person
correspondedWith Devens, Samuel Adams. person
associatedWith Dexter, Samuel, 1761-1816 person
correspondedWith Dickinson