Jackson, James, 1777-1867

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U.S. surgeon, physician and professor at Harvard Medical School.

From the description of Notes from lectures delivered by James Jackson, MD, professor of theory and practice of physic, and John C. Warren, MD, professor of anatomy and surgery, at Harvard University, 1827-28 / taken by Stephen Bates. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 31931557

Jackson (Harvard, M.D. 1809) was Hersey Professor of the Theory and Practice of Physic at Harvard Medical School from 1812 to 1836 and dean of the Medical School from 1820 to 1821. He was involved in the introduction of smallpox vaccination in New England and was one of the founders of Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston.

From the description of Papers of James Jackson, 1800-1867 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 122413135

Physician of Boston.

From the description of Letter, undated : [Boston], to Rev. Greenwood. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 35093153

James Jackson received his A.B. from Harvard in 1796, and his M.D. in 1809. He was Hersey Professor of the Theory and Practice of Physic at Harvard Medical School from 1812 to 1836 and dean of the Medical School from 1820 to 1821.

From the description of [Student themes], 1795. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 77072598

James Jackson (1777-1867), a physician in Boston, Massachusetts, served as Hersey Professor of the Theory and Practice of Physic at Harvard from 1812 to 1836; Hersey Professor Emeritus from 1836 to 1867; and as a member of the Board of Overseers from 1844 to 1846. Jackson practiced medicine in Boston and was one of the first physicians in America to promote vaccination against disease. Recognizing that the quality of medical teaching at Harvard had languished for several years, Jackson joined a reform movement to reorganize and rebuild the Medical School. Appointed Professor of Clinical Medicine at Harvard in 1810, Jackson was given the task of delivering "courses of clinical lectures, to point out at the bedside of such sick persons when cases may be suitable for the purpose, the symptoms of the disease under which they may labor, and the indications of cure and methods of treatment." Jackson was appointed Hersey Professor of the Theory and Practice of Physic in 1812 and worked tirelessly with John Collins Warren, Hersey Professor of Anatomy and Surgery, for the establishment of a hospital that could both teach medical students and treat patients. They were largely responsible for the establishment of the Massachusetts General Hospital in 1811, although the hospital was not actually opened until 1821. Jackson published regularly in the New England Journal of Medicine, was the first physician in America to describe the effects of peripheral alcoholic neuritis and the symptoms of appendicitis, and in 1825 published his lecture notes on physiology, hygiene, pathology, and therapeutics in Text Book of a Course of Lectures on the Theory and Practice of Physic.

The chair of the Theory and Practice of Physic was established in 1783 but was not endowed as the Hersey Professorship until 1791 by the wills of Ezekiel Hersey, Sarah Derby, his widow, and Abner Hersey, his younger brother.

The previous holder of the Hersey Professorship of the Theory and Practice of Physic was Benjamin Waterhouse (1791-1812).

From the guide to the Records of the Hersey Professor of the Theory and Practice of Physic kept by James Jackson, 1814-1827 and undated., (Harvard University Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Jackson, James, 1777-1867. Extracts from a course of lectures : [Boston], 1818-1819. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Holmes family papers, 1711-1938. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Samuel George Morton Papers, 1819-1850 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Jackson, James, 1777-1867. Lectures on the Theory and Practice of Physic, 1815-1816 (inclusive). Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
creatorOf Morris, Robert, 1823-1882. Papers, 1820-1874. Boston Athenaeum
creatorOf Boott, Francis, 1792-1863. Putnam-Jackson-Lowell family papers, 1769-1922. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn William Warland Clapp correspondence, 1790-1891 (inclusive), 1840-1891 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Jones, Seaborn, 1788-1864. Papers, 1761-1847. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 1809-1894. James Jackson, M.D., A Biographical Sketch, circa 1846. Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
referencedIn Bartlett, Elisha, 1804-1855. Elisha Bartlett papers, 1821-1936 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Jackson, James, 1777-1867. Letter : to James Jackson Putnam, 1864 July 1. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Meteorological records, 1754-1865. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Peirson, Edward Brooks, 1820-1874. Papers of Edward Brooks Peirson, 1842-1874 (inclusive), 1852-1864 (bulk). Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
referencedIn Waterhouse, Benjamin, 1754-1846. Papers, 1783-1841, undated. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
creatorOf Jackson, James, 1777-1867. Lectures: Therapeutics, circa 1822. Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
creatorOf Jackson, James, 1777-1867. Papers, 1787-1867. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Dorothea Lynde Dix papers, 1798-1893 (inclusive), 1827-1887 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Parsons, Usher, 1788-1868. Papers, 1819-1840. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Samuel Gray Ward and Anna Hazard Barker Ward papers, 1823-1934 (inclusive) 1837-1900 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Howe family papers, 1819-1910. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1806-1902. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Records of the Hersey Professor of the Theory and Practice of Physic kept by James Jackson, 1814-1827 and undated. Harvard University Archives.
creatorOf Jackson, James, 1777-1867. Notes from lectures delivered by James Jackson, MD, professor of theory and practice of physic, and John C. Warren, MD, professor of anatomy and surgery, at Harvard University, 1827-28 / taken by Stephen Bates. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Kennedy, A.W. Lecture notes, 1828. Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
creatorOf Jackson, James, 1777-1867. A Course of Lectures on the Theory and Practice of Physic, 1814-1815 (inclusive). Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
referencedIn Palfrey family papers, 1713-1915. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Parkman family papers, 1793-1896. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1859 (1882-1944) Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Harvard University. Professorship records: Hersey Professorship of Theory and Practice of Physic, 1814-1827 (inclusive). Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Warren, John Collins, 1778-1856. John Collins Warren correspondence, 1812-1856 (inclusive). Yale University, Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library
referencedIn Higginson-Lee family. Correspondence, 1825-1840. Gadsden Public Library
referencedIn Society for the Study of Natural Philosophy. Records, 1801-1807. Boston Athenaeum
creatorOf Jackson, James, 1777-1867. Lectures on the Theory and Practice of Physic, 1831. Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
referencedIn Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911,. Thomas Wentworth Higginson carte-de-visite album, 1862-1866. Cambridge Historical Society
creatorOf Jackson, James, 1777-1867. [Student themes], 1795. Harvard University, Archives
creatorOf Putnam, Charles P. (Charles Pickering), 1844-1914. Papers, 1785-1915. Library of Congress
referencedIn Thomas Wentworth Higginson correspondence, 1843-1911. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, 1820-1894. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Dalton, John C. (John Call), 1795-1864. Notes from the Medical Lectures of James Jackson, M.D., 1816-1817 (inclusive). Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
creatorOf Jackson, James, 1777-1867. Papers of James Jackson, 1800-1867 (inclusive). Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke additional correspondence, 1787-1886. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Storer, David Humphreys, 1804-1891. Lectures on Midwifery and Lectures on the Theory and Practice of Medicine, 1824-1825 (inclusive). Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
referencedIn Photographs of Harvard professors including Oliver W. Holmes, H.W. Longfellow, and James Russell Lowell [manuscript], ca.1864. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Ward, Thomas W. (Thomas Wren), 1786-1858. Thomas Wren Ward papers, 1717-1943; 1778-1858. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Jackson, James, 1777-1867. Letter, undated : [Boston], to Rev. Greenwood. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Papers, 1768-1866. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Warren, John Collins, 1778-1856. John Collins Warren correspondence, 1812-1856 (inclusive). Yale University, Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library
referencedIn Stevenson, J. G. (Jonathan Greely), 1799-1835. Lectures on the theory and practice of physick..., 1817-1819 (inclusive). Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Academy of Arts and Sciences. corporateBody
associatedWith Augustus Plympton person
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associatedWith Bates, Stephen. person
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associatedWith Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Cornish, Aaron. person
associatedWith Dalton, John C. (John Call), 1795-1864. person
correspondedWith Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887 person
associatedWith ELIZABETH GLENDOWER (GARDINER) EVANS, 1856-1937 person
associatedWith Eustis, William, 1753-1825. person
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associatedWith Hillard, George Stillman, 1808-1879. person
correspondedWith Holmes family. family
associatedWith Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 1809-1894. person
correspondedWith Howe family. family
associatedWith Jackson, James, 1810-1834. person
associatedWith Jackson, Jonathan, 1743-1810. person
associatedWith Jacob Bigelow person
associatedWith James Jackson person
associatedWith John C. Warren person
associatedWith John Davis person
associatedWith John Gorham person
associatedWith John Lowell person
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associatedWith Jones, Seaborn, 1788-1864. person
associatedWith Josiah Stearns Hurd person
associatedWith Josiah Whitman person
associatedWith Kennedy, A.W. person
associatedWith Loring, Charles G. (Charles Greely), 1794-1867 person
associatedWith Louis, P. C. A. (Pierre Charles Alexandre), 1787-1872. person
associatedWith Massachusetts General Hospital corporateBody
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associatedWith Morton, Samuel George, 1799-1851 person
associatedWith Norton, Andrews, 1786-1853. person
correspondedWith Palfrey family. family
associatedWith Parkman family. family
associatedWith Parsons, Usher, 1788-1868. person
associatedWith Peirson, Edward Brooks, 1820-1874. person
associatedWith Putnam, Charles P. (Charles Pickering), 1844-1914. person
associatedWith Putnam, James Jackson, 1846-1918, person
associatedWith Quincy, Josiah, 1772-1864. person
associatedWith Society for the Study of Natural Philosophy. corporateBody
associatedWith Stevenson, J. G. (Jonathan Greely), 1799-1835. person
associatedWith Storer, David Humphreys, 1804-1891. person
associatedWith Story, Joseph, 1779-1845. person
associatedWith Stuart, Moses, 1780-1852. person
associatedWith Thacher, Peter, 1752-1802. person
associatedWith Timothy Hilliard person
associatedWith Walter Channing person
associatedWith Ward, Samuel Gray. person
associatedWith Ward, Thomas W. (Thomas Wren), 1786-1858. person
associatedWith Warren, John Collins, 1778-1856. person
associatedWith Waterhouse, Benjamin, 1754-1846. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Massachusetts
United States
France
Subject
Lecture notes
Apologetics
Physicians
Medicine
Education, Medical
Cholera
Medicine--Practice
Medicine--Study and teaching
Medicine--lecture notes
Forgiveness of sin
Brain Diseases
Facial paralysis
History of medicine
Medicine History 19th century
Essays
Good and evil
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1777-10-03

Death 1867-08-27

Americans

French,

English

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